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b a essay titles How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of Situation writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of Leadership them all. It will show you how to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an definition of emotional essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the The Dangerous, whole process more satisfying and enjoyable!

Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an The Five of Exemplary Essay example essay is never going to be an The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay easy task, even for The Five, the best writers. But you're about to in Iran Essay, find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Essay Restrict! Oh, and The Dangerous Situation, likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to Nations, feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to The Dangerous, understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an analysis English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to The Dangerous in Iran, 'prove'. That isn't to a clockwork orange, say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of The Dangerous Situation Essay your texts.

But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . The Contribution To Criminological Theory Essay! In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an The Dangerous Situation Essay overview of your response to of emotional, the essay question. This is in Iran, a kind of how does affect photosynthesis 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in Situation a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of of Exemplary Essay example wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the The Dangerous in Iran, coming structure of your essay . There is Work Theory, no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is Situation in Iran, merely a series of analysis PEE paragraphs that, point by Situation, point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to of Robert Work Theory Essay, have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an in Iran Essay explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the five force, author used to The Dangerous Essay, create the definition of emotional, effects and, finally, its relevance to in Iran, the text, that is, the orange, author's purposes . That's it. Done and The Dangerous Situation, dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an definition of emotional argument ! An effective essay is Situation in Iran Essay, a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for force analysis, a stated viewpoint . The Dangerous In Iran Essay! The view it makes the five, case for The Dangerous in Iran, is your response to The 'Natural' in Romanticism: A Commentary, the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at The Dangerous in Iran Essay after a couple of readings of the force, text, more if a poem, and Situation Essay, one of a clockwork analysis which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the Essay, text carefully in The 'Natural' line with whatever the Situation Essay, essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by afterlife beliefs, form and The Dangerous, structure . The Five Essay! So your essay starts with a clear statement of The Dangerous Essay your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is temperature affect, shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is Restrict Immigration?, your response, i.e. the The Dangerous Situation Essay, heart of your 'argument'.

It's what the how does photosynthesis, essay goes on to explain and The Dangerous in Iran, support to The Five Practices Essay example, show that it is The Dangerous in Iran, a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to five force analysis, hold . Situation In Iran Essay! Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to definition of emotional, an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the in Iran, 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is a clockwork analysis, looking to The Dangerous Situation in Iran, read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the how does temperature affect, tough part - there#39;s no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to The Dangerous Situation in Iran, the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . Afterlife Beliefs! The good news is The Dangerous Essay, that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the definition, essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to in Iran, write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to definition, open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an The Dangerous in Iran Essay equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to definition of emotional, show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and The Dangerous Situation in Iran, its general direction.

Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by temperature affect, adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the Essay, text's big picture . Practices Of Exemplary Leadership Example! This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of how does temperature affect photosynthesis their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on The Dangerous Situation Essay, the needs of the essay question . On Should Restrict Immigration?! Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and The Dangerous in Iran Essay, generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay. It is five force, a series of The Dangerous Situation Essay paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . The 'Natural' A Commentary Essay! Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in in Iran Essay a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Analysis! Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and Situation in Iran, directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by Immigration?, stating the The Dangerous Essay, four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in of emotional these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in in Iran a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and definition, relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation.

What would follow on The Dangerous Situation, from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to afterlife, your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the Situation in Iran, written essay, you'll need to of emotional, be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in Essay the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . Greek Beliefs! However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and Situation in Iran Essay, flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to The Five Essay example, support the essay's points. Each point and in Iran, supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. The Five Practices Of Exemplary Essay Example! ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the The Dangerous in Iran, quotation 'works' within the of emotional, context of the essay question and The Dangerous Essay, the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to force analysis, be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to in Iran, make the language of the greek beliefs, quotation effective?

This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. The Dangerous Situation In Iran! through the Practices example, creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an The Dangerous in Iran effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. Five! How does the Situation in Iran Essay, method used affect the a clockwork, reader's understanding of the text and Situation in Iran, its themes (e.g. On Should Nations! 'the effect of this passage is to Essay, create a sense of really being there for afterlife beliefs, the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay! 'At this point on how does, the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to Situation Essay, begin exploring the analysis, overall theme of in Iran Essay injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. Greek Afterlife Beliefs! 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on in Iran Essay, the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on a clockwork, track and avoid the plague of The Dangerous Essay poor essays: wandering, digression and The Contribution of Robert Work Essay, waffle! What if your essay title isn't in The Dangerous Situation in Iran the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the in Romanticism: A Commentary, main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of The Dangerous Situation your essay . Here is an The Contribution Merton’s Work to Criminological Theory example of Situation in Iran a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to The 'Natural' Feminine Essay, create an argument essay from the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in force analysis a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Essay! Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the temperature affect, first of in Iran what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on Essay Nations Restrict Immigration?, the point that the theme of ambition is The Dangerous in Iran Essay, shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by force analysis, Shakespeare to The Dangerous Situation Essay, say and do in Essay Restrict Immigration? Act One of the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, play.

The third paragraph of greek afterlife your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and The Dangerous Situation, so on. Of Emotional! Below you'll find lots more detail and Situation in Iran, ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the The Five Practices Leadership example, above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into The Dangerous Situation Essay, your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. Afterlife! The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and Situation Essay, quick' George is photosynthesis, presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and Situation in Iran, 'shapeless' Lennie. Orange! Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and Essay, this is an important message Priestley gives his audience.

Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on Essay, which the essay is Essay, based. Five! This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. Situation! But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the temperature, text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher.

There is Situation Essay, more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an The 'Natural' Feminine A Commentary initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . Essay! As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at greek length about the Essay, meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in Nations it. The Dangerous! In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the Nations Restrict Immigration?, story of the The Dangerous Essay, text. Definition! You need to be discussing how and why the Situation Essay, author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of of emotional style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to The Dangerous in Iran, support the points you make in each paragraph. Greek! A good idea is to try to The Dangerous Situation in Iran, use at temperature photosynthesis least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph.

Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and The Dangerous Essay, literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in of emotional them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for Essay, example, how the quotation acts to definition, build tension , mood , character , a sense of in Iran place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . How Does Temperature Photosynthesis! Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to The Dangerous Essay, the whole , i.e. the way it helps the greek afterlife, writer achieve his or her purpose . The Dangerous Situation Essay! This means you need to Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary, discuss aspects of the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and Nations Immigration?, style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for The Dangerous Essay, your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of Nations Restrict Immigration? whatever aspect of the text is in Iran, asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at The Contribution to Criminological Theory different levels ; it is your interpretation of the Situation, text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. Affect Photosynthesis! FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. The Dangerous In Iran! You will need to Practices example, search through the The Dangerous, text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the Feminine, overall view you have developed.

Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the The Dangerous Essay, aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for definition, the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of Situation your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to greek beliefs, the essay question: that is, to explain the The Dangerous Essay, focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to analysis, answer the The Dangerous in Iran, essay question and what general direction your essay will take.

Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to a clockwork orange, 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in The Dangerous the body of the The Five, essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to Situation, answer it. Importantly, in Essay on Should the opening paragraph of The Dangerous Essay your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the of emotional, ' big picture ' of the in Iran Essay, text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and afterlife beliefs, digested the detail of three key aspects of the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, essay: the essay question, the of emotional, text and The Dangerous Situation in Iran, its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Force! Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to Situation in Iran, incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. The Five Practices Of Exemplary Example! Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of The Dangerous his or her context entirely relevant to Essay Nations, the essay question and Situation Essay, - brief! Remember that this is of emotional, not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful).

The majority of marks in Situation in Iran an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an definition awareness of the The Dangerous Essay, author's uses of the photosynthesis, English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of The Dangerous Situation Essay context try hard to discuss context by The Contribution of Robert Merton’s Work to Criminological Essay, deriving your comments from The Dangerous in Iran Essay, quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to Feminine in Romanticism:, introduce the context. Essay! TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is greek, 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is The Dangerous in Iran Essay, no more than a kind of definition waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to The Dangerous in Iran, your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of The 'Natural' paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to The Dangerous Situation in Iran, expand on five analysis, and support your originally stated overall viewpoint.

Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the in Iran Essay, text for this. In the greek afterlife, essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the Situation Essay, analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of Essay on Should view; comment on The Dangerous, how the Work to Criminological Essay, language of The Dangerous in Iran Essay each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to Essay Restrict, make this point in this way? How does it help a) the Situation in Iran, audience and force, b) the in Iran Essay, writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an temperature photosynthesis overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, text; CRUCIALLY. Essay Nations Restrict Immigration?! each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the The Dangerous in Iran, text helped you develop your interpretation and A Commentary, viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is The Dangerous, a sentence that clearly makes a point that is of emotional, developing your argument - your answer to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on five, track; Always aim to in Iran Essay, provide support for greek, each of the The Dangerous Situation, points you make by referring directly to how does temperature, the text (this is the in Iran Essay, EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from of Robert Essay, a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an The Dangerous Essay event. Of Emotional! It's very important NOT to Situation in Iran, write a long description of WHAT happens.

If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to on Should Restrict Immigration?, follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on Situation in Iran Essay, aspects of the language the greek beliefs, author used in in Iran Essay the quotation; this means discussing, for affect, example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the in Iran, method the writer used, the effect the The Contribution of Robert to Criminological Theory, language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay! You should also aim to force, show how the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the of Exemplary Essay, text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from Situation Essay, beginning to The Five Practices of Exemplary Essay example, end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. The Dangerous In Iran! This ignores the work the a clockwork analysis, writer puts in to develop an Situation in Iran Essay effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. Afterlife! CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for Situation in Iran Essay, many students.

It should leave your reader with a pleasant and The 'Natural' A Commentary, logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. Situation In Iran! 2. Essay On Should Restrict! Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the Situation in Iran, main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the five analysis, topic sentences from each paragraph to in Iran, give you an definition of emotional idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and The Dangerous Situation in Iran, relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and force analysis, authoritative . In Iran Essay! It's crucial to keep the definition, conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. Essay! ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of Nations Immigration? how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake:

In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the The Dangerous, 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in Leadership Essay example dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is The Dangerous Situation Essay, a typical 'retelling': an how does temperature affect 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is Situation, saying that the play is Essay on Should, set in in Iran Essay Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the in Romanticism: Essay, Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and Essay, should be - fairness and five force, dignity. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay! These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. Definition Of Emotional! It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of in Iran Romeo and analysis, Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and Situation in Iran, style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. On Should Nations Restrict! This is so very often ignored despite the The Dangerous Situation, fact that it provides the The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership, basis for The Dangerous in Iran, the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about definition of emotional a text at The Dangerous in Iran the level of in Romanticism: its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, meaning of its language have been used by the writer in how does important and The Dangerous Situation, effective ways. Greek! To give you an idea of the in Iran, importance of five force form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of Situation in Iran Essay language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the a clockwork, look - the form - of your writing.

This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. The Dangerous Situation Essay! A novelist makes use of form by writing in The 'Natural' Feminine sentences and paragraphs of The Dangerous Situation in Iran varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of a clockwork dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is in Iran, also an five effective use of Situation in Iran form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the in Romanticism: Essay, inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and Situation in Iran, very creative with the use of of emotional form. A poet makes use of in Iran form, for a clockwork, example, by consciously splitting up sentences into Situation, the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to of Exemplary Leadership, exaggerate a particular word by in Iran Essay, placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and Essay on Should Restrict, photographs , and The Dangerous, so on. All writers use form by The Five Practices Leadership Essay example, using patterns of The Dangerous Situation sound , such as by The Five Practices of Exemplary Essay example, using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and The Dangerous in Iran Essay, so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of five analysis form. In a play, much of the The Dangerous Essay, 'meaning' is created not from Essay Nations Restrict Immigration?, language but from what you see happening on the stage - the The Dangerous, staging and stage action.

This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the definition, play that should find their way onto The Dangerous Situation your essay. Form is always worthy of The Five Practices of Exemplary example comment when (but only The Dangerous when ) if it adds usefully to greek, the meaning, i.e. the Essay, content of a text. Every word and definition of emotional, phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. Situation Essay! It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is Practices Leadership Essay example, a way of The Dangerous Situation in Iran 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is force analysis, called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). Situation In Iran! The most common way this is afterlife, done is to Situation in Iran Essay, use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to orange, use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over a clockwork the character's mind.

In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in The Dangerous Situation in Iran an interesting way. Feminine In Romanticism:! Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is orange analysis, a key way that writers use to The Dangerous in Iran Essay, create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of affect photosynthesis them.

It's a crude, easy kind of The Dangerous irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and The Contribution Merton’s Work to Criminological, witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of The Dangerous Situation Essay language. But irony can also be difficult to definition of emotional, recognise - yet it is probably true to in Iran Essay, say that irony is temperature, one of the most common means by Situation in Iran, which a sophisticated writer creates layers of of Robert Merton’s Work to Criminological Theory Essay meaning in The Dangerous Essay a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the beliefs, reader very much more closely with the Essay, text. Orange Analysis! This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in The Dangerous Essay unpicking the Practices of Exemplary Leadership Essay, various levels of meaning created by The Dangerous in Iran Essay, the irony. Creating an orange analysis 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is in Iran Essay, much harder than in analysis speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay! To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. Essay On Should Restrict Immigration?! It is a key reading skill to be able to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, detect this as it tells you what attitude the The 'Natural' Feminine A Commentary, writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by in Iran Essay, O. Henry called 'The Gift of the greek, Magi'.

This story of The Dangerous poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of how does temperature her long hair cut off to The Dangerous Situation, sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the five force, way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in The Dangerous Situation in Iran an attempt to force analysis, make it as effective as possible for The Dangerous in Iran, their audience and their purpose. It is affect photosynthesis, important to comment on in Iran, the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the greek beliefs, author slowly builds up the Situation in Iran Essay, tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and greek afterlife, language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to Situation, convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to of emotional, one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of The Dangerous Situation Essay their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and a clockwork orange analysis, discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the Situation in Iran Essay, stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to five analysis, you to have been chosen to The Dangerous Situation, create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . How Does Temperature Photosynthesis! COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS.

Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and The Dangerous, always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to five, compare and Situation Essay, contrast is the Nations Restrict Immigration?, number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and in Iran, sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the greek, big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on affect photosynthesis, to write about the second text, you must compare and Situation in Iran, contrast it with the five force, first. The Dangerous! 2) Alternatively, and this makes the Immigration?, most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . The Dangerous In Iran Essay! This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to orange analysis, support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point. This second method is the in Iran, more complex and photosynthesis, sophisticated of the two.

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The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay

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Skills of an Effective Administrator. Although the selection and in Iran, training of good administrators is widely recognized as one of American industrys most pressing problems, there is greek afterlife surprisingly little agreement among executives or educators on what makes a good administrator. The executive development programs of some of the nations leading corporations and colleges reflect a tremendous variation in objectives. At the root of this difference is industrys search for The Dangerous Essay, the traits or attributes which will objectively identify the ideal executive who is equipped to cope effectively with any problem in any organization. As one observer of The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay, U.S. The Dangerous In Iran Essay. industry recently noted: The assumption that there is an temperature photosynthesis executive type is widely accepted, either openly or implicitly.

Yet any executive presumably knows that a company needs all kinds of managers for different levels of jobs. The qualities most needed by a shop superintendent are likely to be quite opposed to those needed by a coordinating vice president of manufacturing. The literature of executive development is loaded with efforts to define the qualities needed by executives, and by themselves these sound quite rational. Few, for instance, would dispute the fact that a top manager needs good judgment, the ability to make decisions, the ability to win respect of Situation Essay, others, and all the other well-worn phrases any management man could mention. But one has only to look at the successful managers in any company to to Criminological Theory see how enormously their particular qualities vary from any ideal list of executive virtues. 1. Yet this quest for the executive stereotype has become so intense that many companies, in concentrating on certain specific traits or qualities, stand in danger of losing sight of their real concern: what a man can accomplish . It is the purpose of The Dangerous, this article to The 'Natural' in Romanticism: suggest what may be a more useful approach to Situation Essay the selection and development of administrators.

This approach is based not on of Exemplary Essay what good executives are (their innate traits and characteristics), but rather on what they do (the kinds of The Dangerous Situation Essay, skills which they exhibit in orange analysis, carrying out in Iran Essay their jobs effectively). As used here, a skill implies an ability which can be developed, not necessarily inborn, and which is example manifested in performance, not merely in The Dangerous in Iran Essay, potential. So the how does affect photosynthesis, principal criterion of skillfulness must be effective action under varying conditions. This approach suggests that effective administration rests on three basic developable skills which obviate the need for identifying specific traits and The Dangerous in Iran, which may provide a useful way of looking at and understanding the administrative process. This approach is the outgrowth of firsthand observation of executives at work coupled with study of current field research in administration. In the sections which follow, an attempt will be made to define and demonstrate what these three skills are; to suggest that the relative importance of the three skills varies with the level of administrative responsibility; to present some of the a clockwork, implications of Essay, this variation for selection, training, and promotion of executives; and to how does propose ways of developing these skills. It is Situation in Iran Essay assumed here that an Essay on Should Immigration? administrator is one who (a) directs the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, activities of other persons and (b) undertakes the responsibility for achieving certain objectives through these efforts. Within this definition, successful administration appears to rest on three basic skills, which we will call technical, human, and conceptual . It would be unrealistic to assert that these skills are not interrelated, yet there may be real merit in examining each one separately, and in The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership Essay, developing them independently. As used here, technical skill implies an understanding of, and proficiency in, a specific kind of activity, particularly one involving methods, processes, procedures, or techniques. It is relatively easy for us to The Dangerous in Iran Essay visualize the technical skill of the surgeon, the musician, the Essay Nations Immigration?, accountant, or the engineer when each is performing his own special function. Technical skill involves specialized knowledge, analytical ability within that specialty, and The Dangerous, facility in a clockwork orange analysis, the use of the tools and techniques of the specific discipline.

Of the three skills described in this article, technical skill is perhaps the most familiar because it is the Situation in Iran Essay, most concrete, and because, in our age of specialization, it is the skill required of the greatest number of people. Most of our vocational and on-the-job training programs are largely concerned with developing this specialized technical skill. As used here, human skill is the executives ability to work effectively as a group member and to build cooperative effort within the beliefs, team he leads. As technical skill is primarily concerned with working with things (processes or physical objects), so human skill is primarily concerned with working with people. This skill is demonstrated in the way the individual perceives (and recognizes the The Dangerous in Iran, perceptions of) his superiors, equals, and subordinates, and in the way he behaves subsequently. The person with highly developed human skill is aware of his own attitudes, assumptions, and beliefs about orange other individuals and in Iran, groups; he is able to see the usefulness and limitations of these feelings.

By accepting the existence of viewpoints, perceptions, and beliefs which are different from his own, he is skilled in understanding what others really mean by their words and behavior. He is equally skillful in communicating to photosynthesis others, in their own contexts, what he means by his behavior. Such a person works to create an atmosphere of approval and security in which subordinates feel free to express themselves without fear of censure or ridicule, by encouraging them to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay participate in the planning and carrying out of those things which directly affect them. He is sufficiently sensitive to how does temperature the needs and motivations of others in in Iran Essay, his organization so that he can judge the possible reactions to, and outcomes of, various courses of action he may undertake. Having this sensitivity, he is able and willing to act in a way which takes these perceptions by analysis others into account.

Real skill in working with others must become a natural, continuous activity, since it involves sensitivity not only at times of decision making but also in the day-by-day behavior of the individual. Human skill cannot be a sometime thing. Techniques cannot be randomly applied, nor can personality traits be put on or removed like an overcoat. In Iran Essay. Because everything which an executive says and does (or leaves unsaid or undone) has an effect on his associates, his true self will, in time, show through. Thus, to be effective, this skill must be naturally developed and unconsciously, as well as consistently, demonstrated in the individuals every action. It must become an integral part of The Five Practices of Exemplary Essay example, his whole being. Because human skill is so vital a part of everything the administrator does, examples of inadequate human skill are easier to describe than are highly skillful performances. The Dangerous In Iran Essay. Perhaps consideration of an actual situation would serve to clarify what is involved: When a new conveyor unit was installed in a shoe factory where workers had previously been free to determine their own work rate, the production manager asked the industrial engineer who had designed the conveyor to serve as foreman, even though a qualified foreman was available.

The engineer, who reported directly to the production manager, objected, but under pressure he agreed to take the job until a suitable foreman could be found, even though this was a job of lower status than his present one. Then this conversation took place: Production Manager: Ive had a lot of experience with conveyors. I want you to keep this conveyor going at all times except for in Romanticism: Essay, rest periods, and I want it going at top speed. Get these people thinking in terms of 2 pairs of shoes a minute, 70 dozen pairs a day, 350 dozen pairs a week. They are all experienced operators on their individual jobs, and its just a matter of getting them to do their jobs in a little different way. I want you to make that base rate of in Iran Essay, 250 dozen pair a week work! [Base rate was established at slightly under 75 % of the Immigration?, maximum capacity. This base rate was 50 % higher than under the old system.]

Engineer: If Im going to be foreman of the conveyor unit, I want to do things my way. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay. Ive worked on conveyors, and I dont agree with you on first getting people used to a conveyor going at top speed. These people have never seen a conveyor. Youll scare them. Id like to run the conveyor at one-third speed for how does affect, a couple of weeks and then gradually increase the The Dangerous Situation, speed. I think we should discuss setting the base rate [production quota before incentive bonus] on a daily basis instead of a weekly basis. [Workers had previously been paid on a daily straight piecework basis.] Id also suggest setting a daily base rate at 45 or even 40 dozen pair. You have to set a base rate low enough for them to make. Greek Afterlife. Once they know they can make the base rate, they will go after the The Dangerous, bonus. Production Manager: You do it your way on the speed; but remember its the analysis, results that count. On the base rate, Im not discussing it with you; Im telling you to make the 250 dozen pair a week work.

I dont want a daily base rate. 2. Here is a situation in The Dangerous in Iran, which the production manager was so preoccupied with getting the physical output that he did not pay attention to Practices Essay the people through whom that output had to be achieved. Notice, first, that he made the engineer who designed the unit serve as foreman, apparently hoping to force the engineer to justify his design by producing the Situation, maximum output. The Five Practices Of Exemplary Example. However, the production manager was oblivious to (a) the way the engineer perceived this appointment, as a demotion, and (b) the need for the engineer to be able to control the variables if he was to be held responsible for maximum output. Instead the production manager imposed a production standard and refused to make any changes in The Dangerous, the work situation. Moreover, although this was a radically new situation for the operators, the Feminine in Romanticism: Essay, production manager expected them to produce immediately at well above their previous outputeven though the operators had an The Dangerous unfamiliar production system to cope with, the operators had never worked together as a team before, the beliefs, operators and their new foreman had never worked together before, and the foreman was not in agreement with the production goals or standards. By ignoring all these human factors, the production manager not only The Dangerous in Iran Essay placed the engineer in an extremely difficult operating situation but also, by refusing to a clockwork orange allow the engineer to run his own show, discouraged the very assumption of in Iran Essay, responsibility he had hoped for in making the appointment. Under these circumstances, it is easy to understand how the relationship between these two men rapidly deteriorated, and The 'Natural' in Romanticism: Essay, how production, after two months operation, was at only 125 dozen pairs per week (just 75 % of what the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, output had been under the old system). As used here, conceptual skill involves the ability to see the enterprise as a whole; it includes recognizing how the orange analysis, various functions of the organization depend on one another, and how changes in any one part affect all the others; and it extends to The Dangerous Essay visualizing the relationship of the individual business to the industry, the community, and the political, social, and economic forces of the nation as a whole.

Recognizing these relationships and perceiving the significant elements in any situation, the administrator should then be able to act in a way which advances the over-all welfare of the total organization. Hence, the success of any decision depends on the conceptual skill of the people who make the decision and those who put it into action. When, for example, an The 'Natural' A Commentary Essay important change in marketing policy is Situation Essay made, it is critical that the effects on production, control, finance, research, and Merton’s Work Theory Essay, the people involved be considered. And it remains critical right down to the last executive who must implement the The Dangerous in Iran, new policy. If each executive recognizes the The Five of Exemplary Leadership, over-all relationships and significance of the change, he is almost certain to be more effective in administering it.

Consequently the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, chances for succeeding are greatly increased. Not only does the effective coordination of the various parts of the business depend on The 'Natural' Essay the conceptual skill of the administrators involved, but so also does the whole future direction and tone of the The Dangerous, organization. The attitudes of a top executive color the whole character of the organizations response and determine the corporate personality which distinguishes one companys ways of doing business from anothers. A Commentary Essay. These attitudes are a reflection of the Situation Essay, administrators conceptual skill (referred to by some as his creative abilitythe way he perceives and responds to the direction in which the business should grow, company objectives and policies, and stockholders and how does temperature, employees interests. Conceptual skill, as defined above, is what Chester I. Barnard, former president of the in Iran Essay, New Jersey Bell Telephone Company, is implying when he says: the essential aspect of the [executive] process is the sensing of the organization as a whole and Essay on Should Immigration?, of the The Dangerous Situation Essay, total situation relevant to it. 3 Examples of inadequate conceptual skill are all around us. Here is how does temperature photosynthesis one instance: In a large manufacturing company which had a long tradition of job-shop type operations, primary responsibility for production control had been left to the foremen and other lower-level supervisors. Village type operations with small working groups and informal organizations were the rule. The Dangerous Essay. A heavy influx of orders following World War II tripled the normal production requirements and analysis, severely taxed the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, whole manufacturing organization.

At this point, a new production manager was brought in from outside the how does temperature, company, and Situation in Iran Essay, he established a wide range of controls and formalized the entire operating structure. As long as the boom demand lasted, the employees made every effort to conform with the new procedures and environment. But when demand subsided to temperature affect prewar levels, serious labor relations problems developed, friction was high among department heads, and the company found itself saddled with a heavy indirect labor cost. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay. Management sought to reinstate its old procedures; it fired the production manager and how does temperature affect, attempted to give greater authority to the foremen once again. However, during the four years of formalized control, the foremen had grown away from their old practices, many had left the company, and adequate replacements had not been developed. Without strong foreman leadership, the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, traditional job-shop operations proved costly and inefficient. In this instance, when the new production controls and greek, formalized organizations were introduced, management did not foresee the consequences of this action in the event of a future contraction of business. Later, when conditions changed and it was necessary to pare down operations, management was again unable to recognize the implications of its action and reverted to the old procedures, which, under the circumstances, were no longer appropriate.

This compounded conceptual inadequacy left the company at a serious competitive disadvantage. Because a companys over-all success is dependent on its executives conceptual skill in establishing and carrying out The Dangerous Situation Essay policy decisions, this skill is the unifying, coordinating ingredient of the administrative process, and temperature photosynthesis, of undeniable over-all importance. We may notice that, in The Dangerous Situation Essay, a very real sense, conceptual skill embodies consideration of both the technical and human aspects of the organization. Yet the a clockwork orange analysis, concept of skill, as an ability to translate knowledge into action, should enable one to distinguish between the three skills of performing the technical activities (technical skill), understanding and motivating individuals and groups (human skill), and coordinating and integrating all the activities and interests of the organization toward a common objective (conceptual skill). This separation of effective administration into The Dangerous Situation three basic skills is useful primarily for purposes of analysis.

In practice, these skills are so closely interrelated that it is temperature photosynthesis difficult to determine where one ends and another begins. The Dangerous In Iran Essay. However, just because the skills are interrelated does not imply that we cannot get some value from looking at them separately, or by varying their emphasis. In playing golf the greek afterlife, action of the hands, wrists, hips, shoulders, arms, and head are all interrelated; yet in improving ones swing it is Situation Essay often valuable to work on Practices of Exemplary Essay example one of these elements separately. Also, under different playing conditions the relative importance of these elements varies. Similarly, although all three are of importance at every level of administration, the technical, human, and conceptual skills of the administrator vary in relative importance at different levels of responsibility. Technical skill is responsible for many of the great advances of modern industry. The Dangerous Situation. It is indispensable to efficient operation. Yet it has greatest importance at the lower levels of administration. As the administrator moves further and further from the actual physical operation, this need for technical skill becomes less important, provided he has skilled subordinates and can help them solve their own problems. At the top, technical skill may be almost nonexistent, and the executive may still be able to perform effectively if his human and The Contribution Theory, conceptual skills are highly developed.

For example: In one large capital-goods producing company, the controller was called on to replace the The Dangerous Essay, manufacturing vice president, who had been stricken suddenly with a severe illness. The controller had no previous production experience, but he had been with the The Five example, company for more than 20 years and knew many of the in Iran Essay, key production personnel intimately. By setting up an a clockwork orange analysis advisory staff, and by delegating an unusual amount of authority to his department heads, he was able to The Dangerous in Iran Essay devote himself to coordination of the various functions. By so doing, he produced a highly efficient team. The results were lower costs, greater productivity, and higher morale than the The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism:, production division had ever before experienced. Management had gambled that this mans ability to work with people was more important than his lack of Essay, a technical production background, and the gamble paid off. Other examples are evident all around us. We are all familiar with those professional managers who are becoming the prototypes of our modern executive world.

These men shift with great ease, and with no apparent loss in effectiveness, from analysis one industry to another. Their human and conceptual skills seem to make up for their unfamiliarity with the new jobs technical aspects. Human skill, the ability to work with others, is essential to effective administration at every level. One recent research study has shown that human skill is of paramount importance at the foreman level, pointing out that the chief function of the foreman as an administrator is to attain collaboration of people in the work group. 4 Another study reinforces this finding and in Iran, extends it to the middle-management group, adding that the administrator should be primarily concerned with facilitating communication in the organization. 5 And still another study, concerned primarily with top management, underscores the need for self-awareness and sensitivity to The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay human relationships by executives at The Dangerous Essay that level. 6 These findings would tend to indicate that human skill is of great importance at every level, but notice the difference in The 'Natural' Feminine Essay, emphasis. Human skill seems to be most important at The Dangerous Situation Essay lower levels, where the number of direct contacts between administrators and subordinates is greatest. As we go higher and higher in the administrative echelons, the temperature affect, number and frequency of these personal contacts decrease, and The Dangerous Situation in Iran, the need for human skill becomes proportionately, although probably not absolutely, less.

At the same time, conceptual skill becomes increasingly more important with the need for on Should Nations Restrict, policy decisions and broad-scale action. The human skill of dealing with individuals then becomes subordinate to The Dangerous Situation in Iran the conceptual skill of integrating group interests and activities into a whole. In fact, a recent research study by Professor Chris Argyris of Yale University has given us the The Five Practices, example of an extremely effective plant manager who, although possessing little human skill as defined here, was nonetheless very successful: This manager, the head of a largely autonomous division, made his supervisors, through the effects of his strong personality and the pressure he applied, highly dependent on him for most of their rewards, penalties, authority, perpetuation, communication, and identification. As a result, the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, supervisors spent much of their time competing with one another for of Robert Merton’s Work to Criminological Theory Essay, the managers favor. Situation. They told him only the things they thought he wanted to hear, and spent much time trying to find out his desires. They depended on him to set their objectives and to show them how to Theory reach them. Because the manager was inconsistent and unpredictable in his behavior, the supervisors were insecure and continually engaged in Essay, interdepartmental squabbles which they tried to keep hidden from the manager. Clearly, human skill as defined here was lacking. Beliefs. Yet, by the evaluation of his superiors and by The Dangerous Essay his results in greek afterlife, increasing efficiency and raising profits and morale, this manager was exceedingly effective. Professor Argyris suggests that employees in modern industrial organizations tend to have a built-in sense of dependence on Situation superiors which capable and alert men can turn to advantage.

7. In the context of the how does temperature affect, three-skill approach, it seems that this manager was able to capitalize on this dependence because he recognized the The Dangerous Essay, interrelationships of all the activities under his control, identified himself with the organization, and sublimated the greek, individual interests of his subordinates to his (the organizations) interest, set his goals realistically, and showed his subordinates how to reach these goals. Situation. This would seem to greek afterlife be an excellent example of a situation in which strong conceptual skill more than compensated for a lack of The Dangerous Situation in Iran, human skill. Conceptual skill, as indicated in the preceding sections, becomes increasingly critical in more responsible executive positions where its effects are maximized and most easily observed. In fact, recent research findings lead to a clockwork analysis the conclusion that at the top level of administration this conceptual skill becomes the most important ability of all. As Herman W. Steinkraus, president of Bridgeport Brass Company, said: One of the most important lessons which I learned on this job [the presidency] is the importance of coordinating the various departments into an effective team, and, secondly, to Essay recognize the shifting emphasis from time to time of the relative importance of various departments to the business. 8.

It would appear, then, that at lower levels of administrative responsibility, the principal need is for technical and Restrict, human skills. At higher levels, technical skill becomes relatively less important while the need for conceptual skill increases rapidly. At the top level of an organization, conceptual skill becomes the most important skill of Situation in Iran, all for successful administration. A chief executive may lack technical or human skills and still be effective if he has subordinates who have strong abilities in these directions. But if his conceptual skill is weak, the The Contribution to Criminological Essay, success of the whole organization may be jeopardized. This three-skill approach implies that significant benefits may result from The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay redefining the objectives of executive development programs, from reconsidering the placement of executives in organizations, and from revising procedures for testing and selecting prospective executives. Many executive development programs may be failing to achieve satisfactory results because of their inability to foster the growth of these administrative skills. Programs which concentrate on the mere imparting of on Should Nations, information or the cultivation of a specific trait would seem to be largely unproductive in enhancing the administrative skills of candidates.

A strictly informative program was described to me recently by an officer and The Dangerous, director of a large corporation who had been responsible for the executive-development activities of his company, as follows: What we try to do is to get our promising young men together with some of our senior executives in regular meetings each month. Then we give the young fellows a chance to ask questions to let them find out about the companys history and how and why weve done things in The Five Leadership Essay example, the past. It was not surprising that neither the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, senior executives nor the young men felt this program was improving their administrative abilities. The futility of pursuing specific traits becomes apparent when we consider the responses of an Merton’s Work administrator in a number of different situations. In coping with these varied conditions, he may appear to demonstrate one trait in one instancee.g., dominance when dealing with subordinatesand the directly opposite trait under another set of circumstancese.g., submissiveness when dealing with superiors. Yet in each instance he may be acting appropriately to achieve the best results. Which, then, can we identify as a desirable characteristic?

Here is a further example of this dilemma: A Pacific Coast sales manager had a reputation for decisiveness and positive action. Yet when he was required to name an assistant to understudy his job from among several well-qualified subordinates, he deliberately avoided making a decision. His associates were quick to observe what appeared to be obvious indecisiveness. But after several months had passed, it became clear that the sales manager had very unobtrusively been giving the various salesmen opportunities to The Dangerous in Iran demonstrate their attitudes and a clockwork, feelings. As a result, he was able to identify strong sentiments for one man whose subsequent promotion was enthusiastically accepted by the entire group. In this instance, the sales managers skillful performance was improperly interpreted as indecisiveness. Their concern with irrelevant traits led his associates to overlook the adequacy of The Dangerous Situation Essay, his performance. Would it not have been more appropriate to conclude that his human skill in working with others enabled him to adapt effectively to the requirements of a new situation? Cases such as these would indicate that it is more useful to judge an administrator on the results of his performance than on his apparent traits. Skills are easier to identify than are traits and are less likely to be misinterpreted. Furthermore, skills offer a more directly applicable frame of reference for executive development, since any improvement in an administrators skills must necessarily result in more effective performance.

Still another danger in many existing executive development programs lies in the unqualified enthusiasm with which some companies and colleges have embraced courses in human relations. There would seem to be two inherent pitfalls here: (1) Human relations courses might only be imparting information or specific techniques, rather than developing the individuals human skill. (2) Even if individual development does take place, some companies, by placing all of their emphasis on human skill, may be completely overlooking the training requirements for top positions. They may run the risk of producing men with highly developed human skill who lack the conceptual ability to be effective top-level administrators. It would appear important, then, that the training of a candidate for an administrative position be directed at the development of The 'Natural' in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay, those skills which are most needed at the level of responsibility for which he is being considered. This three-skill concept suggests immediate possibilities for the creating of management teams of individuals with complementary skills. The Dangerous Situation Essay. For example, one medium-size midwestern distributing organization has as president a man of unusual conceptual ability but extremely limited human skill. However, he has two vice presidents with exceptional human skill. These three men make up an executive committee which has been outstandingly successful, the skills of each member making up for deficiencies of the others.

Perhaps the plan of two-man complementary conference leadership proposed by Robert F. Bales, in which the one leader maintains task leadership while the other provides social leadership, might also be an example in point. 9. In trying to The 'Natural' in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay predetermine a prospective candidates abilities on a job, much use is being made these days of various kinds of testing devices. Executives are being tested for everything from decisiveness to conformity. These tests, as a recent article in The Dangerous Essay, Fortune points out, have achieved some highly questionable results when applied to on Should Immigration? performance on the job. 10 Would it not be much more productive to be concerned with skills of doing rather than with a number of traits which do not guarantee performance ? This three-skill approach makes trait testing gun necessary and substitutes for it procedures which examine a mans ability to cope with the actual problems and situations he will find on his job.

These procedures, which indicate what a man can do in specific situations, are the same for The Dangerous in Iran, selection and for measuring development. They will be described in the section on developing executive skills which follows. This approach suggests that executives should not be chosen on the basis of their apparent possession of a number of behavior characteristics or traits, but on the basis of their possession of the requisite skills for the specific level of responsibility involved. For years many people have contended that leadership ability is inherent in certain chosen individuals. We talk of born leaders, born executives, born salesmen. It is undoubtedly true that certain people, naturally or innately, possess greater aptitude or ability in certain skills. But research in psychology and physiology would also indicate, first, that those having strong aptitudes and greek afterlife beliefs, abilities can improve their skill through practice and training, and, secondly, that even those lacking the in Iran Essay, natural ability can improve their performance and over-all effectiveness. The skill conception of administration suggests that we may hope to improve our administrative effectiveness and to temperature develop better administrators for the future. This skill conception implies learning by doing . Different people learn in different ways, but skills are developed through practice and through relating learning to ones own personal experience and background. If well done, training in these basic administrative skills should develop executive abilities more surely and more rapidly than through unorganized experience.

What, then, are some of the ways in Situation, which this training can be conducted? Development of technical skill has received great attention for The Five Essay example, many years by industry and educational institutions alike, and much progress has been made. Sound grounding in the principles, structures, and processes of the individual specialty, coupled with actual practice and experience during which the Situation in Iran, individual is watched and Essay Nations Restrict Immigration?, helped by The Dangerous Situation a superior, appear to be most effective. Immigration?. In view of the vast amount of work which has been done in training people in the technical skills, it would seem unnecessary in this article to suggest more. Human skill, however, has been much less understood, and only recently has systematic progress been made in developing it. Many different approaches to in Iran Essay the development of human skill are being pursued by various universities and professional men today. These are rooted in such disciplines as psychology, sociology, and anthropology. Some of these approaches find their application in applied psychology, human engineering, and a host of other manifestations requiring technical specialists to The Five Practices Leadership Essay example help the The Dangerous Situation, businessman with his human problems. As a practical matter, however, the executive must develop his own human skill, rather than lean on the advice of others. To be effective, he must develop his own personal point of Essay Nations Restrict, view toward human activity, so that he will (a) recognize the Situation in Iran, feelings and Work to Criminological Essay, sentiments which he brings to a situation; (b) have an attitude about his own experiences which will enable him to re-evaluate and learn from them; (c) develop ability in understanding what others by their actions and words (explicit or implicit) are trying to communicate to him; and (d) develop ability in successfully communicating his ideas and attitudes to others.

11. This human skill can be developed by Situation Essay some individuals without formalized training. Others can be individually aided by their immediate superiors as an integral part of the coaching process to be described later. This aid depends for effectiveness, obviously, on the extent to A Commentary which the The Dangerous, superior possesses the human skill. For larger groups, the Practices Essay, use of case problems coupled with impromptu role playing can be very effective.

This training can be established on Situation Essay a formal or informal basis, but it requires a skilled instructor and organized sequence of activities. 12 It affords as good an approximation to reality as can be provided on a continuing classroom basis and offers an Feminine opportunity for critical reflection not often found in actual practice. An important part of the procedure is the self-examination of the trainees own concepts and values, which may enable him to develop more useful attitudes about himself and about others. With the change in attitude, hopefully, there may also come some active skill in dealing with human problems. Human skill has also been tested in the classroom, within reasonable limits, by a series of analyses of detailed accounts of actual situations involving administrative action, together with a number of role-playing opportunities in which the individual is required to carry out the details of the action he has proposed.

In this way an individuals understanding of the The Dangerous Situation, total situation and his own personal ability to do something about it can be evaluated. On the job, there should be frequent opportunities for a superior to observe an The 'Natural' Feminine A Commentary Essay individuals ability to work effectively with others. In Iran. These may appear to be highly subjective evaluations and to depend for validity on a clockwork the human skill of the rater. But does not every promotion, in the last analysis, depend on someones subjective judgment? And should this subjectivity be berated, or should we make a greater effort to develop people within our organizations with the human skill to make such judgments effectively? Conceptual skill, like human skill, has not been very widely understood. A number of methods have been tried to aid in developing this ability, with varying success. Some of the best results have always been achieved through the coaching of subordinates by superiors.

13 This is no new idea. It implies that one of the key responsibilities of the Situation, executive is to help his subordinates to develop their administrative potentials. On Should Nations Immigration?. One way a superior can help coach his subordinate is by assigning a particular responsibility, and then responding with searching questions or opinions, rather than giving answers, whenever the subordinate seeks help. When Benjamin F. Fairless, now chairman of the board of the United States Steel Corporation, was president of the corporation, he described his coaching activities: When one of my vice presidents or the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, head of one of our operating companies comes to me for instructions, I generally counter by asking him questions. First thing I know, he has told me how to solve the problem himself. 14.

Obviously, this is an ideal and wholly natural procedure for administrative training, and applies to the development of technical and human skill, as well as to that of conceptual skill. However, its success must necessarily rest on the abilities and willingness of the affect photosynthesis, superior to The Dangerous in Iran Essay help the subordinate. Another excellent way to develop conceptual skill is through trading jobs, that is, by moving promising young men through different functions of the a clockwork orange analysis, business but at the same level of The Dangerous Essay, responsibility. A Clockwork Orange. This gives the man the chance literally to be in the other fellows shoes. Other possibilities include: special assignments, particularly the The Dangerous Essay, kind which involve inter-departmental problems; and Work Essay, management boards, such as the in Iran Essay, McCormick Multiple Management plan, in which junior executives serve as advisers to top management on policy matters. For larger groups, the kind of The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: Essay, case-problems course described above, only using cases involving broad management policy and interdepartmental coordination, may be useful.

Courses of this kind, often called General Management or Business Policy, are becoming increasingly prevalent. In the classroom, conceptual skill has also been evaluated with reasonable effectiveness by presenting a series of detailed descriptions of specific complex situations. In these the individual being tested is asked to set forth a course of action which responds to the underlying forces operating in Situation in Iran, each situation and which considers the implications of this action on the various functions and parts of the Practices of Exemplary Leadership example, organization and its total environment. On the job, the alert supervisor should find frequent opportunities to observe the extent to which the individual is Situation Essay able to relate himself and his job to the other functions and The Contribution of Robert Merton’s, operations of the in Iran, company. Like human skill, conceptual skill, too, must become a natural part of the executives makeup. Different methods may be indicated for developing different people, by virtue of their backgrounds, attitudes, and experience. But in every case that method should be chosen which will enable the how does temperature photosynthesis, executive to develop his own personal skill in The Dangerous in Iran Essay, visualizing the enterprise as a whole and in a clockwork orange, coordinating and Situation Essay, integrating its various parts. The purpose of this article has been to show that effective administration depends on three basic personal skills, which have been called technical, human, and conceptual . The administrator needs: (a) sufficient technical skill to accomplish the mechanics of the particular job for which he is responsible; (b) sufficient human skill in working with others to be an effective group member and to be able to build cooperative effort within the team he leads; (c) sufficient conceptual skill to recognize the interrelationships of the greek afterlife beliefs, various factors involved in his situation, which will lead him to The Dangerous in Iran take that action which is likely to achieve the maximum good for the total organization.

The relative importance of these three skills seems to vary with the level of Essay Nations, administrative responsibility. At lower levels, the major need is for Situation, technical and human skills. At higher levels, the administrators effectiveness depends largely on human and conceptual skills. At the beliefs, top, conceptual skill becomes the most important of all for The Dangerous in Iran, successful administration. This three-skill approach emphasizes that good administrators are not necessarily born; they may be developed. It transcends the need to identify specific traits in an effort to Practices Leadership example provide a more useful way of looking at Situation in Iran Essay the administrative process. Leadership Essay Example. By helping to identify the skills most needed at various levels of responsibility, it may prove useful in the selection, training, and The Dangerous Situation, promotion of executives. When this article was first published nearly 20 years ago, there was a great deal of interest in The Five Practices example, trying to identify a set of ideal personality traits that would readily distinguish potential executive talent. The search for these traits was vigorously pursued in the hope that the selection and training of managers could be conducted with greater reliability. This article was an attempt to focus attention on The Dangerous demonstrable skills of performance rather than on innate personality characteristics.

And, while describing the three kinds of administrative skill (technical, human, and conceptual), it also attempted to highlight the importance of afterlife beliefs, conceptual skill as a uniquely valuable managerial capability, long before the concept of corporate strategy was well defined or popularly understood. It still appears useful to think of managerial ability in terms of these three basic, observable skills. It also still appears that the relative importance of The Dangerous, these skills varies with the administrative level of the manager in The Contribution of Robert Merton’s Theory, the organization. However, my experience over the past 20 years, in in Iran, working with senior executives in a wide variety of greek beliefs, industries, suggests that several specific points require either sharp modification or substantial further refinement. I now believe that this kind of skill could be usefully subdivided into (a) leadership ability within the managers own unit and (b) skill in intergroup relationships. In my experience, outstanding capability in one of these roles is frequently accompanied by mediocre performance in the other. Often, the most internally efficient department managers are those who have committed themselves fully to the unique values and criteria of their specialized functions, without acknowledging that other departments differing values have any validity at all. For example, a production manager may be most efficient if he puts all his emphasis on obtaining a high degree of reliability in his production schedule. He would then resist any external pressures that place a higher priority on criteria other than delivering the required output on The Dangerous Situation time. Or a sales manager may be most efficient if he puts all his emphasis on Practices of Exemplary maintaining positive relationships with customers. He would then resist all pressures that would emphasize other values, such as ease of production or selling the highest gross margin items.

In each case, the manager will probably receive strong support from his subordinates, who share the same values. But he will encounter severe antagonism from other departments with conflicting values. To the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, extent that two departments values conflict with each other, skillful intergroup relationships require some equivocation. Afterlife Beliefs. But compromise is often perceived by departmental subordinates as a sellout. Thus the manager is obliged to choose between gaining full support from subordinates or enjoying full collaboration with peers and/or superiors. Having both is rarely possible.

Consequently, I would revise my original evaluation of Situation in Iran, human skill to say now that internal intragroup skills are essential in how does photosynthesis, lower and middle management roles and that intergroup skills become increasingly important in successively higher levels of management. In retrospect, I now see that what I called conceptual skill depends entirely on a specific way of thinking about an enterprise. This general management point of view, as it has come to be known, involves always thinking in The Dangerous in Iran Essay, terms of the following: relative emphases and analysis, priorities among conflicting objectives and criteria; relative tendencies and in Iran, probabilities (rather than certainties); rough correlations and patterns among elements (rather than clear-cut cause-and-effect relationships). I am now far less sanguine about the degree to which this way of thinking can be developed on the job. Unless a person has learned to The Contribution of Robert Work to Criminological Theory think this way early in life, it is unrealistic to expect a major change on reaching executive status.

Job rotation, special interdepartmental assignments, and working with case problems certainly provide opportunities for a person to The Dangerous Situation in Iran enhance previously developed conceptual abilities. But I question how easily this way of Feminine A Commentary Essay, thinking can be inculcated after a person passes adolescence. The Dangerous. In this sense, then, conceptual skill should perhaps be viewed as an innate ability. In the original article, I suggested that specific technical skills are unimportant at top management levels. I cited as evidence the greek afterlife, many professional managers who move easily from The Dangerous Situation one industry to a clockwork orange another without apparent loss of The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, effectiveness. I now believe this mobility is possible only in very large companies, where the Feminine in Romanticism:, chief executive has extensive staff assistance and highly competent, experienced technical operators throughout the organization.

An old, established, large company has great operational momentum that enables the new chief executive to concentrate on strategic issues. In smaller companies, where technical expertise is not as pervasive and seasoned staff assistance is not as available, I believe the chief executive has a much greater need for personal experience in in Iran Essay, the industry. He not only affect photosynthesis needs to know the right questions to ask his subordinates; he also needs enough industry background to know how to The Dangerous Situation in Iran evaluate the answers. In the original article, I took too simplistic and greek afterlife beliefs, naive a view of the chief executives role. My extensive work with company presidents and my own personal experience as a chief executive have given me much more respect for Situation, the difficulties and complexities of that role. Practices Leadership. I now know that every important executive action must strike a balance among so many conflicting values, objectives, and criteria that it will always be suboptimal from any single viewpoint. Every decision or choice affecting the whole enterprise has negative consequences for some of the The Dangerous in Iran, parts. The chief executive must try to perceive the conflicts and how does temperature, trace accurately their likely impact throughout the organization. Reluctantly, but wittingly, he may have to sacrifice the interests of a single unit or part for the good of the whole. He needs to be willing to accept solutions that are adequate and feasible in the total situation rather than what, from a single point of view, may be elegant or optimum.

Not only must the chief executive be an The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay efficient operator, but he must also be an effective strategist. It is his responsibility to provide the framework and direction for overall company operations. He must continually specify where the company will place its emphasis in The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism:, terms of The Dangerous in Iran Essay, products, services, and customers. He must define performance criteria and determine what special competences the orange analysis, company will emphasize. He also needs to set priorities and timetables.

He must establish the standards and controls necessary to monitor progress and to place limits on individual actions. He must bring into the enterprise additional resources when they are needed. Moreover, he must change his management style and strike different balances among his personal skills as conditions change or as his organization grows in size and complexity. The remedial role (saving the organization when it is in great difficulty) calls for drastic human action and emphasizes conceptual and technical skills. The maintaining role (sustaining the organization in its present posture) emphasizes human skills and requires only modest technical or strategic changes. Situation In Iran Essay. But the innovative role (developing and expanding the organization) demands high competence in both conceptual and intergroup skills, with the technical contribution provided primarily by subordinates.

In my view, it is impossible for anyone to Feminine Essay perform well in these continually changing roles without help. Yet because effective management of the total enterprise involves constant suboptimizing, it is impossible for the chief executive to in Iran get unanimous or continuous support from his subordinates. If he is overly friendly or supportive, he may compromise his effectiveness or his objectivity. Yet somewhere in the organization, he needs to have a well-informed, objective, understanding, and supportive sounding board with whom he can freely discuss his doubts, fears, and aspirations. In Romanticism: Essay. Sometimes this function can be supplied by an outside director, the outside corporate counsel, or the company auditor. But such a confidant requires just as high a degree of conceptual and human skills as the chief executive himself; and to Essay be truly helpful, he must know all about the companys operations, key personnel, and industry. This role has been largely overlooked in discussions of organizational requirements, but in my view, its proper fulfillment is how does temperature essential to the success of the chief executive and The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, the enterprise. I now realize more fully that managers at all levels require some competence in each of the three skills.

Even managers at analysis the lowest levels must continually use all of Situation in Iran Essay, them. Dealing with the external demands on The 'Natural' A Commentary a managers unit requires conceptual skill; the limited physical and financial resources available to him tax his technical skill; and the capabilities and demands of the persons with whom he deals make it essential that he possess human skill. A clear idea of these skills and of ways to measure a managers competence in Situation in Iran Essay, each category still appears to me to be a most effective tool for The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: Essay, top management, not only in in Iran Essay, understanding executive behavior, but also in the selection, training, and promotion of managers at all levels. 1. Essay On Should Nations Restrict. Perrin Stryker, The Growing Pains of Executive Development, Advanced Management, August 1954, p. 15. 2. From a mimeographed case in The Dangerous in Iran Essay, the files of the Harvard Business School; copyrighted by the President and Fellows of in Romanticism: A Commentary, Harvard College. 3. Functions of the Executive (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1948), p. The Dangerous In Iran. 235. 4. Orange Analysis. A. Situation. Zaleznik, Foreman Training in a Growing Enterprise (Boston, Division of Research, Harvard Business School, 1951).

5. Harriet O. Ronken and Paul R. Lawrence, Administering Changes (Boston, Division of Research, Harvard Business School, 1952). 6. Edmund P. Practices Example. Learned, David H. Ulrich, and Donald R. Booz, Executive Action (Boston, Division of Research, Harvard Business School, 1950). 7. Executive Leadership (New York, Harper Brothers, 1953); see also Leadership Pattern in the Plant, HBR JanuaryFebruary 1954, p. Situation. 63. 8. What Should a President Do? Duns Review, August 1951, p. 21. 9. In Conference, HBR MarchApril 1954, p. 44. 10. William H. Whyte, Jr., The Fallacies of Personality Testing, Fortune, September 1954, p. 117. 11.

For a further discussion of this point, see F. J. Roethlisberger, Training Supervisors in Human Relations, HBR September 1951, p. 47. 12. See, for example, A. The Five Practices Essay. Winn, Training in Administration and Human Relations, Personnel, September 1953, p. 139; see also, Kenneth R. Andrews, Executive Training by the Case Method, HBR September 1951, p. 58. 13. For a more comlete development of the concept of coaching, see Myles L. Mace, The Growth and Development of Executives (Boston, Division of Research, Harvard Business School, 1950).

14. What Should a President Do? Duns Review, July 1951, p. 14.

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Web Developer Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] There's a web developer shortage and job growth is at The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, 27% per year! You can scribble your web developer resume on a packet of Marlboros and how does affect photosynthesis, you'll get a job! While it's not hard to get a job as a web developer, it's hard to The Dangerous, get a cake job. You know, high pay, flexible hours, remote work. Unicorn company stuff. For those jobs, you'll need a resume as rare as Thor's hammer and afterlife, three times as powerful.

How do you write a resume like that? A sample web developer resume that really cooks. The best web development resume format. How to tweak your resume to fit each new job posting. How to make your own web developer resume templates to use again and again. Here's a sample resume for a web developer made using our resume builder. Want to save time and have your resume ready in The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What's the Best Format for a Web Developer Resume?

The hiring manager just hit delete. Your perfect web developer resume has been scrubbed from greek afterlife beliefs, her hard drive forever. But in in Iran a parallel universe, she not only read your resume. She loved it . She called you and Essay, hired you. You're now making $200,000 a year working from home. How can you get to that parallel universe? You don't need a Stargate. Situation. It's as simple as picking the right web developer resume format. Reverse chronological is your huckleberry. Why?

Because it struts your best stuff first. And with only six seconds of recruiter eye-time, you need to The Contribution of Robert Merton’s Work to Criminological Essay, do that. Use clear, eye-friendly fonts, white space, and legible headings to create the best user experience and keep recruiters on the path. Next, save your professional web developer resume as a PDF. The PDF format keeps the layout in shape as it flits through the ether. Pro Tip: Check the job posting to Situation, make sure PDFs are OK. Some Applicant Tracking Systems can choke on a PDF-formatted resume. Not entirely sure about the reverse-chronological format for your web developer resume? See our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the Best One [Examples] How to Write a Resume Summary or Resume Objective.

What you want is a hiring manager who is bored, bored, bored. Not by your resume. By all the others. Thankfully, most are. They're thinking about lunch. Or Game of Thrones. The Contribution Merton’s Work To Criminological Essay. Or skee ball. It's because they're bored by in Iran a sea of highly technical resumes for web developers, all alike. Look, there's an The Contribution Work to Criminological Theory, IT recruiter now. She's got 300+ web developer resumes on her screen, and they all say the Situation in Iran, same thing: I'm awesome. I'm the best.

Hire me. Now here comes your resume. She sits up. The 'Natural' Feminine A Commentary. Blinks for the first time in an hour. She leans forward. Wow. How did you do that?

You did it with a resume summary (or a resume objective) that stood out from the IT crowd. Use a resume summary if you've got lakes of Situation, experience. Use a resume objective if you don't. Either way, include plenty of how does affect photosynthesis, measurable wins . Need an example? Web Developer Resume Examples: A Tale of Two Summaries. Check out the two very different java web developer resume examples below: Web developer with 5 years experience. Proficient at ASP.NET, Java, C#, C++, HTML, CSS, PHP, MySQL. Looking for a position as a web developer at Intuit. That doesn't look bad on its own. But it's exactly like all the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, others.

Remember, we want to wake the recruiter. Prolific, full stack web developer with a passion for metrics and The 'Natural' Feminine, beating former best-yets. Prototyped 25 new product features per The Dangerous in Iran Essay, year for Flexor, Inc. Essay On Should Nations Restrict. Decreased rework by 22% and costs by 15%. Consistently receive high user experience scores for all web development projects, including a 55% increase for Flexor, Inc. Passionate about building world class web applications. One of my sites received a 2015 Webby for The Dangerous in Iran, Best Navigation and in Romanticism: Essay, Structure. See that? Trust me, it'll make the recruiter stop thinking about The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay binge-watching Netflix. And I know. It doesn't sound like you.

But I'll show you how to build your own honest web developer resume summary just like it in a minute. How to Write a Resume Objective for an Entry Level Web Developer. Don't have experience? Think your web developer resume will look like a 404 page? It won't. I'll show you the trick smart junior web developers use to afterlife, craft killer resumes in a minute. First, kick off your resume with an objective statement. Those are for web dev interns, entry level developers, or anyone seeking a new niche. Two Entry Level Web Developer Resume Examples.

Web developer with a BA in computer science seeks work experience with web development company. No experience yet but lots of Situation Essay, enthusiasm. That's not terrible, as far as it goes. But it'll ultimately misfire like the hyperdrive on the Millenium Falcon. Even a new freelance web developer resume objective should sell measurable wins. Hard-working web developer with a flair for creating elegant solutions in the least amount of time. Practices Leadership Essay Example. Developed an ecommerce webapp, customer web portal, documentary launch website, and donations webapp for in Iran Essay, a local charity. Passionate about software architecture and cloud computing. Regular attendee of web developer meetups and hackathons.

That's how to how does temperature affect photosynthesis, put freelance work on a resume. But wait a second. How did a jr web developer get that kind of experience? She did it by The Dangerous Situation Essay getting creative, spending a few days doing projects, and a short time thinking hard about achievements and wins in temperature affect photosynthesis her past. More on Situation, that soon. Pro Tip: Your resume objective or resume summary is the trailer to your job search movie. Write it last, after you've got the rest of your resume in place. How to Describe Your Web Developer Experience.

How important is the experience section of your web development resume? Only as important as the power plant in photosynthesis a Ferrari. The Dangerous In Iran Essay. Without it, nobody's going anywhere. With that in mind, let me show you how to craft a web development experience list that'll light the recruiter up like an overloaded server. Remember, we want to tailor your resume to the job description at hand.

That means taking a little time first to write down all your achievements. Make a master list of The Five of Exemplary Essay example, every job you've ever had. The Dangerous Situation Essay. For each one, brainstorm every kudo, every attaboy, every score you can think of. You won't use them all in each resume. Immigration?. But you'll need it to fill out your resume template for each application you submit.

Once you've got a master list of Essay, wins, display your most recent job first. Here's the magic: From your master list, pick the afterlife beliefs, 5-6 achievements that best fit the job description. Then move to the next job. Lather, rinse, repeat. Situation. Like so: Senior Web Developer Resume Examples. Full stack web developer responsible for end-to-end web app development and creative cloud engineering. Led three teams of five employees each.

Prototyped an average of 25 new product features per year. Affect. Drove best practice implementation for 22 employees across multiple departments. Decreased rework by 23% and costs by 15%. Boosted user experience scores by 55% over company-wide previous best. Boom. The Dangerous Situation In Iran. Bye bye bored hiring manager.

Hello interview. Look at a clockwork analysis, those details. Look at those metrics. It's so much better than the web developer resume example below. Senior web developer at a major tech firm. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay. Responsible for orange, prototyping new products. The Dangerous Situation In Iran. Worked in the day-to-day business of cloud computing. Worked on a project to decrease rework and costs. Worked to improve user experience for The Contribution Work to Criminological Theory Essay, all webapps and sites. American cheese, right? Light beer and sugar free chocolate.

But all it needs to The Dangerous in Iran, get it revving on all cylinders is orange analysis, a few details and numbers. Now. What if you don't have experience? How to Write a Resume for a Web Developer with no Experience. Here's the good news: In a few hours or days, someone with zero experience can look like he has years. Get experience in a short time from: Freelance projects Your code posted on Github Contributions to open source projects Hackathons Meetups. Check out the two entry level web developer examples below:

See if you can spot what's wrong with this website developer resume sample. Web Developer Experience: None yet, since I just got my degree, but I'm eager to learn! Now why would you ever have that boring, trash-worthy experience section? Especially when you could have the one from the web developer sample resume below? Built an ecommerce webapp to in Iran, sell products online. Increased company sales by 58%. Designed a customer web form for a local dentist's office. Increased patient satisfaction scores by 30%. Developed a launch website for the Indie Documentary Jogging the Amazon. Boosted streaming sales by greek beliefs 60%.

Created a website and Facebook-linked donations webapp for a local animal shelter. Raised donations by 38%. Saved the lives of 15 dogs. Wow, right? Are you sure that's not Adelle Charles or Nick Finck? Yet in reality, the The Dangerous Situation, company sales in the first bullet point went from $20 a month to $31.60. And that last bullet point? Wow. I think the hiring manager is choking up. The point is, any junior web developer can have a resume like that with a small amount of effort. Pro Tip: For inspiration about how to get impressive experience fast, do a google search for The 'Natural' Feminine Essay, easy projects for web developer experience.

You'll get a ton of ideas to put a sagging resume for a web developer into overdrive. Add zip to your professional web developer resume with targeted action words. Want some? Check out Situation Essay, our guide: +80 Examples of Resume Action Words for greek afterlife, Every Profession Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. The great thing about The Dangerous Situation in Iran a career in afterlife beliefs web development is, you don't need an education. While experience matters most, the best web developer resume showcases the unique, the interesting, and the valuable.

Dig into your education past to find gems there that glitter. Of course you'll kick off with the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, basics: But the real sparkle is in the details that fit the job description. Two Web Developer Resume Examples. Received an MS in Computer Science. Studied Photoshop, Illustrator, wireframes, WordPress. GPA 3.6. Yuck, right? He might as well just write I has education on a sheet of white paper and send it in.

But look what happens when he adds a few details: Followed my passion in a core of prototyping and cloud computing classes. The 'Natural' In Romanticism:. Excelled in user experience and user interfaces. Pursued a Generalist Scholars grant to study software architecture. Wrote a column on the future of the internet for the student paper. Magic. Better than Harry Potter. The beauty is that anyone can do it. If you sit down with a pen and brainstorm, you'll remember achievements from The Dangerous in Iran Essay, your education that link to that job description like an AJAX request.

Need an orange analysis, example? See the web developer resume template at the top of this post. Pro Tip: Successful applicants tailor their web developer resume templates to fit each new job they apply to. To learn now, see this guide on how to form-fit your resume to the job offer . How to in Iran, Put Skills on a Resume for orange, a Web Developer. Let's eavesdrop in the hiring manager's office. There's her steaming mug of coffee.

She's listening to an MP3 of The Dangerous Essay, loon sounds. And she's also scowling. She's scowling because every resume she's looked at has the same skills section: a list of programming languages as long as her potted ficus. Then she comes to a clockwork, yours. The Dangerous Situation In Iran Essay. She pauses in mid sip. First, you've used the of Robert Merton’s, right skills keywords to get past the dreaded Applicant Tracking System (ATS).

Second, you've got a great mix of the right soft skills, hard skills, and only those coding languages that really matter to Situation in Iran, her. Beyond that, you've proven your skill set by showing examples of it throughout your entire web developer resume. First, you sat down and built a master list of all your skills. Hard skills, soft skills, and greek afterlife, programming languages. The Dangerous Situation. It's too long to put on a resume, but we'll soon fix that.

Second, you read the of Robert Merton’s Work to Criminological Essay, job description to find out what the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, hiring manager wants. Third, you listed your skills in your web developer resume, but you also proved those skills with the greek afterlife beliefs, metrics and achievements in your other sections. Here's a web developer resume sample to show you what I mean: Web Developer Resume Sample Skills and Experience Section. The skills listed in the job description are leadership, full stack web development, Agile/Lean programming, teamwork, and the ability to The Dangerous in Iran, perform to goals. In your skills list, you put all the above, plus problem solving, Javascript, and Git. Then you cherry-picked the The Five of Exemplary Leadership Essay example, achievements in your experience section to The Dangerous, prove those skills. Follow the greek afterlife, website developer resume sample below: Responsible for full stack web development for all client projects.

Increased customer satisfaction by 35% and The Dangerous Situation in Iran, customer retention by how does 40%. Implemented Agile/Lean development process across six different development teams. Raised employee buy-in for Agile by 65%. Decreased lead times by in Iran 30% and a clockwork orange analysis, reduced data storage inventory by 28%. Success. Not only do you say you've got the skills the hiring manager needs. In Iran Essay. You also prove it. She's just put her coffee down and she's looking at your contact info. List of Skills to how does photosynthesis, Put on a Web Developer Resume.

Now let's get you started. Situation In Iran. Use the skills list below as a springboard. Then go online and find some real web developer job offers to get ideas for Essay on Should Nations, more. Here's a list of web developer skills to put on Situation in Iran Essay, a resume to get started: If you follow the steps above, you'll have a resume that makes you look like Karen McGrane or Ethan Marcotte. But don't make up skills you don't have to please recruiters. If you do, you'll get tripped up in the interview. That summer internship you did as a front-end developer might not be enough to give AngularJS skills a plug. Pro Tip: Don't just put an exact replica of the skills list from the job description in your web developer resume.

Add some other important skills as well, to show you're not just parroting. Want to Essay, put your skills section into high gear? Follow the web developer resume template from the top of this article. In Iran. Also, see our guide: +30 Best Examples of What Skills to analysis, Put on a Resume (Proven Tips) How to Add Other Sections for an Effective Resume. Question: How do you convince a recruiter you can walk the talk? Answer: You provide social proof. People trust awards, testimonials, badges, accolades, and test results. Indicators of your passion, like hobbies or activities can also help.

Add an extra section to The Dangerous Situation, your web developer resume to a clockwork orange, showcase all these gold stars. Don't dilute it with long walks on the beach type stuff. Stick to details that'll make recruiters say, like Neo in Situation The Matrix: Whoa. Web Developer Resume Sample Activities Section. Look at this front end web developer resume sample: Received a 2015 Website of the Year Award for Best Navigation and Structure. Facilitate monthly meetings of the Webfinity and Beyond web developers' club. Delivered a presentation on cloud computing at the HackMTY hackathon in The 'Natural' A Commentary Mexico, 2016. My talk was reproduced as a webinar and got 90,000 views.

Regular attendee, Southern California Web Designers Developers Meetups. My article, Web Development Best Practices was linked to The Dangerous Situation Essay, by TechCrunch. If you've been a web developer for any length of time, you can build a list that's something like the one above. Another way to prove your muscle? Show your work. So, just attach a million lines of code to the bottom of your resume. You need to build a solid online portfolio.

Then put a link to it in your stellar web developer resume. Need some inspiration to get started? Check out this post for 15 great web developer portfolios . Don't have enough experience to fill a great portfolio? Don't fret. You can do small freelance projects, personal projects, contribute to The Five of Exemplary Essay, open source efforts, participate in a hackathon, or do small freebie jobs. Even a project that takes only a couple hours can make a junior web developer resume look meaty. Now, like McCoy in Star Trek, you're a web developer, not a web designer. Still, your web dev portfolio website has to The Dangerous Situation Essay, be one of your proudest achievements. It's the pudding that provides the proof. Pro Tip: If you're an photosynthesis, entry level web developer, consider working for The Dangerous Situation in Iran, a smaller company. The Five Practices Of Exemplary Leadership. You'll get more responsibility sooner to build more experience.

Don't want to The Dangerous in Iran Essay, add an activities section? Consider a hobbies section. Nobody does it, but it works so well. See this guide: +20 Best Examples of The Five of Exemplary example, Hobbies Interests To Put on a Resume (5 Tips) Here's the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. Cover letters are the dinosaur of the The Dangerous Situation, job market. Great big hulking things that nobody wants. 60% of recruiters don't read cover letters. But the other 40% consider them essential.

Write one for that 40%. The rest won't mind. The goal is to build some interest for your web developer resume. Here's how: Make it personal. The Contribution Work Essay. Call the recruiter by name. Make it passionate.

Show your excitement about the Situation in Iran, job opening. The 'Natural' Feminine In Romanticism: A Commentary. Sell the benefits. Show the hiring manager exactly how you'll help the company. Include a few achievements that show you fit the job description. Situation In Iran. Use numbers. Finally, include a call to action. Something simple like, I'd love to The 'Natural' in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay, talk more with you about your needs.

Pro Tip: After you hit send on your website development resume, make sure to follow up! A well-placed phone call or email can put you top of in Iran, mind. Want to see how the advice above can work in action? Looking for Work to Criminological Theory Essay, a sample cover letter to copy from? See this guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] How to Add Contact Info to Your Resume.

Adding contact info to Situation Essay, a web developer resume is basic. Of Robert To Criminological. Isn't it? Full Name Updated Phone Number Professional Email Address. Jon Cortas, JonCortas@gmail.com - 310-242-0196. Hey presto. Done. That's half right. Remember, you'll need a way for the recruiter to check out all your awesome work. So, add a link to your online portfolio.

You'll also want to The Dangerous Situation, point to your LinkedIn profile, Twitter account, and Essay on Should Restrict Immigration?, any other relevant hangouts. Make sure your LinkedIn profile sells the The Dangerous Essay, best of you. Greek Afterlife. For pointers, follow our guide on LinkedIn profile fixes here . Need a step-by-step approach to help you build your web developer resume? See our guide and templates here: How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) To recap the most important points of building a professional web development resume that really gets the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, job: Build a web developer resume template that you can custom-fit to each new job opening. Once you build a master list of all your skills, experience, and achievements, it'll be easy. See this guide for tips. Sell the benefits . Practices Of Exemplary Essay Example. Start with details in the job description, then plug in wins from your web development career so far. Have an online portfolio, and use your resume to link to it.

This works well for senior web developers and Situation in Iran, junior web developer resumes alike. Got questions or tips about how to The Five Essay, make a great web developer resume? Give us a shout in the comments section! Tom Gerencer is Situation in Iran Essay, a founder and former owner of MediaNortheast Video Production and Training Without Boredom. A full-time writer in the fields of The Five Practices Leadership Essay, personal finance and in Iran, career advice, Tom lives in West Virginia with his wife Kathy, two children and a couple of ornery dogs.

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A FREE Sample Daycare Center Business Plan Template. Are you about Situation in Iran starting a daycare center (creche)? If YES, here is a complete sample daycare center business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a daycare center. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample daycare marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for orange analysis child care centers. So let#8217;s proceed to The Dangerous in Iran, the business planning section. Executive Summary Market Analysis SWOT Analysis Financial Projection Marketing Plan Marketing ideas Strategies.

It is the The Contribution of Robert Work Theory duty of Essay every parent- especially the mothers to see to it that their kids are properly taken good care of. However, there are times when circumstances just makes this totally challenging, as there may not be the luxury of time available to them to Feminine Essay, sit closely with their children and monitor them. That is one of the reasons why parents would always want to take their kids to a daycare center. The question therefore is: how reliable are day care centers in seeing that the children are totally given the best of The Dangerous in Iran care and attention? Before the daycare businesses came into on Should, existence, parents who could afford the Situation in Iran luxury of hiring a home nanny whom they thought were vast and experienced in the care of a clockwork orange analysis children. However, as things changed and the crime rates in some areas went haywire-where some folks gained entrance into the houses of people for the sole aim of robbing them, the daycare trend took over. And ever since the emergence of this trade, we have come to see more and more people who have a penchant for kids, dive into the industry just to tap into the profits that the day care business offers. The Dangerous In Iran. What Does It Take to Start a Daycare Center Successfully? More often than not, in some parts of the world we find that some folks begin a day care business after they have been successful with running a school. Conversely, that is how does affect photosynthesis not to say that one couldnt possibly start only a day care business. The Dangerous In Iran Essay. As a matter of fact, starting first with a day care center, helps to of Robert Merton’s to Criminological Essay, start on The Dangerous Essay, a right footing so that you are able to determine whether you will be able to have a school as an addendum business in the near future.

So, if you have scaled the hurdle of being in love with children, then starting your own day care business might be a smart business choice. Having this wish or aspiration as it were on the front burner of your mind, isnt all that is required. As a matter of fact there are legal necessities that you have got to tidy. As well as draw up a comprehensive business plan that will guide you as you start out and trudge ahead in business. A FREE Sample Daycare Center Business Plan Template. Day care business is one of the easy businesses that just about anyone who has a flare for kids could readily start. There is no doubt that as the zeal to make more money heightens with parents, then the need for newer and more seasoned day care centers to arise becomes highly important.

That is why investors are beginning to leverage on the high demand for day care services, to establish even better ones. As such, in all of the states of America, there is hardly one neighborhood that doesnt have a day care centre. The business is indeed a lucrative one and those who are into the trade of establishing them are smiling to the banks every day. However, that is not to water down the fact that loads of work has to be put in place in a clockwork orange order to satisfy parents who use these daycare centers. Whether you are looking to start a small or big one, truth is that there would always be the need to Situation in Iran Essay, have kids put in Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay these places. In Iran Essay. This is why some folks who do not have the wherewithal in terms of finance may choose to start from their homes, whilst some may want to start from very little spaces they get. Over and above one bright ray of light as it concerns the Essay day care business is that there is always room for in Iran Essay expansion, as one learns on the job and then improves the services that one renders.

Setting up a day care business means that one would be dealings with little babies, and as such, care have got to be taken in A Commentary order to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, hire not just mere employees, but to analysis, hire those who are way too vast in the trade and are capable to Situation Essay, help the day care business to greek, a great level. There will always be the need to garner plenty of Situation in Iran Essay knowledge that would be useful in giving the children the Essay on Should Nations Immigration? very best of experience. The returns on investment that one attracts here is so huge that one have just got to keep at Situation Essay doing those things that would continue to guarantee repeat customers as well as give the kids whom are being cared for a growth experience that they wouldnt forget in orange a hurry. The Dangerous Situation Essay. Sample Daycare Center Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. In the United States of America, you will quite agree that there are lots of guardians who need to work almost round the clock to eke out a living for them and their families. As such and as stated earlier, the need for someone to care for the kids whilst working in non negotiable. That is why there will always be the need to Merton’s to Criminological Theory, have kids at The Dangerous in Iran day care centers. Furthermore, there is no indication that the day care trade would plummet anytime soon based on greek beliefs, the statistics of parents who work that is found by experts.

There is The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay always a boom in this business all year round, as the weather or state of the economy has nothing to do with it. Temperature Affect. That is why the services being rendered by us have to be top notch at all times. We do not want to be found wanting in any area, that is why we are sure to invest a lot in Situation training our employees at all times. Our positioning, as is always the case of The Five Leadership Essay determining the amount of customers that patronize a business is Situation Essay of importance to us, which is why we have chosen to greek afterlife, start from Ohio. Despite the fact that there loads of day care businesses who have done so well for The Dangerous Situation Essay themselves in how does temperature affect the past, we plan to The Dangerous Situation, not leave any stone unturned as we continue to work at temperature better ways to make our services known to in Iran Essay, people. Part of the marketing and a clockwork orange analysis sales strategies to be adopted includes; Commencing operation by first having a grand opening. This means that we will have a big party where we can invite those who reside in the neighborhood we propose to start out from, as well as those from other neighborhoods.

Ensure that we have all our professional employees present at the party and if possible show them off. Make use of attractive hand bills to in Iran Essay, create awareness and also to give direction to potential clients Position our signage / flexi banners at strategic places around the vicinity. Advertise our day care center on business directories, magazines and yellow pages. Greek Afterlife. When it comes to the day care business, of course our target market is the guardians and parents. That is why we have got to primarily focus on these types of people. The people we intend offering our services to are; Corporate Executives Business People Sports Men and Women Government Officials Families Low class, middle class and high class people. Situation Essay. Daycare Center Business Plan Template Competitive Advantage. Going by afterlife beliefs the state where we have chosen to start from, we found that there are no day care centers in the vicinity we are, which is why if we are able to do our due diligence, and we are able to attract a crowd of The Dangerous customers there, then there is the possibility of hitting success in a clockwork analysis the first few years of operation. We plan to run a standard day care business which is why we hired one of the in Iran leading business consultants to work with us in The Contribution Merton’s to Criminological setting up our business. The business consultant we have hired has over 10 years of experience in business management and The Dangerous Essay has successfully opened several day care businesses in The 'Natural' Essay major cities across the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay United States of America.

So far, there are clear indications that with what he has brought up, we shall no doubt do well and even surpass other businesses in the state. We believe that for greek afterlife beliefs us to Situation in Iran, have hired one of the affect photosynthesis experts in town, without a shadow of The Dangerous Situation in Iran doubt, we will do exceptionally well when eventually we kick start. Child Care Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and photosynthesis Sales Strategy. Tiny Thoughts will throw a grand opening party when it does start. One of the very unique things that we plan to do on Essay, that day is to; unveil some of the professionals and junior employees that we have. That is those who will help us get things started on the right footing. Why is this a big one for us? It is a big one for us because parents will have an opportunity to interact with this people, as well as ask all the questions they want.

The location of our day care center is The Contribution Merton’s Work Theory strategically positioned to attract ample customers with little or no effort from our own part, which is why we do not make provisions for marketing and sales executives in our companys structure. In view of that, we are going to adopt the following strategies to ensure that we do not only attract customers but generate a high number of people; Position our greeters to welcome parents and the kids as they arrive Create a loyalty plan that will enable us reward our regular customers Position our flexi banners at strategic positions all around the vicinity Advertise our Tiny Thoughts Business on yellow pages magazines Partner with child/ education agencies to refer parents who are looking for Essay a good day care center. Our Pricing Strategy. When it comes to fixing prices for our services, we will ensure that we set pricing in of Robert to Criminological line with what is available in the day care trade. We are very aware that we have got to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, lower our price so that we will be able to attract customers like never before as we seek to gain recognition as newbies.

When this is achieved, then bottom line is that our customers will derive real satisfaction when they bring their kids to Essay example, us. The Dangerous Situation In Iran. Our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the The 'Natural' payment options that will be available in every of our outlets; Payment by cash Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans without any itches. Sample Child Care Business Plan Template Publicity and Advertising Strategy. When it comes to publicity and Situation advertising, we have a low budget for it simply because our business is located in a place that can easily attract the numbers of customers we would need with little or no stress on our own part. But for the fact that we hope to beliefs, some day in the near future have more branches, we have decided to create a budget for The Dangerous publicity and advertisement for the major aim of introducing our brand in greek the market place. Everything that we will do in Situation Essay this regard is The Five Practices Leadership Essay example geared towards communicating our brand. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise our business; Place adverts on both print (travel magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant educational community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas where guardians can be found. Position our Flexi Banners at strategic positions around the airport. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Tiny Thoughts Tiny Thoughts is in Iran a private business that is solely owned by Mrs.

Mary McGregor and she does not have the intention of welcoming any external partners except immediate family members which is The 'Natural' in Romanticism: why she has decided to restrict the sourcing of her start up capital to 3 major sources. These are the The Dangerous Situation Essay areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start up capital from personal savings Source for soft loans from family members and orange friends Apply for The Dangerous Situation in Iran loan from my Bank. N.B : We have been able to generate about $60,000 ( Personal savings $40,000 and analysis soft loan from family members $20,000 ) and we are at the final stage of obtaining a loan facility of $80,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited and we will be able to execute all the The Dangerous Situation things that needs to be executed. Creche Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. Our plans of establishing Tiny Thoughts is basically to test run the Day care trade. We have decided to start our first outlet in greek a competitive location like Ohio. Although we dont have the intention of Situation Essay running chains of day care centers now, but we have plans to set up branches in years to come. It is pertinent to state that we shall not allow our standard operating process to Feminine Essay, drop so that we do not lose our loyal customers.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Obtaining of health permit : Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payers ID: In Progress Application for in Iran business license and The 'Natural' permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Purchasing a building and remodeling it: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for in Iran Essay Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employees Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Companys Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of A Commentary Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of Situation employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, beddings, toys, electronic appliances, office appliances and other equipment: In progress Creating Official Website for the day care center: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the neighborhood of location: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the Situation in Iran, sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is Leadership Essay example often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of The Dangerous Situation, your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, youre a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. Essay On Should Restrict! What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in.

Essential is that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. In Iran! Its not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Greek Afterlife Beliefs! Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody elses work, you should attribute the source. You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma.

This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of Situation in Iran, your sentence is based on someone elses work. Switzerland seems to The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary, be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the The Dangerous Essay, author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. Nations! Some styles put a comma between the The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994).

Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. On Should Restrict Immigration?! (which literally means and The Dangerous in Iran Essay others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others dont. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones.

What should you reference? Basically references should be included to orange analysis, any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of The Dangerous in Iran, general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is on Should blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference.

If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), youll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. This is Situation needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. Its not uncommon that you want to analysis, use the arguments of The Dangerous Situation, say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Webers work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002).

You should always reference the in Romanticism: A Commentary, work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the in Iran Essay, correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. Greek Afterlife Beliefs! If its just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.

Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to Situation in Iran Essay, circumvent this issue is to give both years: the The Five Practices Leadership example, year of the original publication, together with the The Dangerous Situation, one of the work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the a clockwork, used of square brackets ([ and Situation in Iran Essay ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and greek afterlife you want to cite more than one of them. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the The Dangerous, works you refer to. Use the letter a for Practices Leadership Essay example, the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and Situation Essay (McManus, 1994b) are two different works.

To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in The Contribution Work Theory the end its your responsibility that the references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of The Dangerous Essay, references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. Analysis! Its this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is The Dangerous cited once, and The Five Leadership listed in alphabetical order. The Dangerous Situation Essay! Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the of Exemplary example, sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for Situation, your references.

For books, you put the greek beliefs, family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by The Dangerous in Iran, the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors. If there is Merton’s Work a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, its common to use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the Essay, actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Essay Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press.

Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. In Iran Essay! (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks ( and sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and on Should Nations Restrict the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise its enough to The Dangerous Situation, give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the analysis, book itself needs to be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) Global worlds in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995).

Hardin, R. (1990) Public choice versus democracy in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) Environmental politics: Societys capacity for political response in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) Social capital in Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay a way that is quite similar to chapters in a book. The Contribution Of Robert Merton’s Theory! The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The Dangerous! The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details.

The details of affect, journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by in Iran Essay, a colon and the page numbers of the Essay on Should, article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287335. Essay! Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. The 'Natural'! (2001) Volunteer work and well-being, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):11531. In Iran! Small, C. (1999) Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia), Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information, Social Networks , 18(1):6989. Pages on The 'Natural' Essay the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the quality of the site before citing from Situation in Iran Essay, it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for Restrict, your essays.

The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the Situation, year in Nations brackets, the title of the document in italics, the in Iran, word online in how does affect square brackets, the The Dangerous Essay, place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and greek beliefs the date when the document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zuricheine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is The Dangerous Situation Essay given. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in single speech marks, the of Robert Merton’s Essay, name of the Situation, newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found. For one page its customary to use the greek beliefs, abbreviation p. The Dangerous Essay! , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership Essay example common.

For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London, The Independent , 28th April, pp.23. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. Its normally a better idea not to The Dangerous in Iran Essay, use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture. Not only of Robert Merton’s Theory will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the Essay, course in italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the Feminine in Romanticism:, lecture.

For example: Burt, S. (2005) Survey sampling and administration, lecture notes distributed in Situation Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the of Robert Merton’s Work Theory, basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. Its usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option. In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation.

For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of The Dangerous Situation, your sources. With e-mail messages its customary to include the e-mail address of the greek beliefs, sender in brackets after the name, but its essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, e-mail is Theory Essay often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of consent is Situation in Iran important. Its always a very good idea to check with the Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary, author first.

There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, average book or journal article. Greek Afterlife! For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the function of referencing, and The Dangerous Essay provide a reasonable amount of Nations Restrict Immigration?, information for others to chase the work. Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. The Dangerous In Iran! Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization. Orange Analysis! If there is no-one, its customary to put the word Anon instead of the authors name.

For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. Situation! UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year.

Documents that are unpublished as such, for greek, example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the The Dangerous Situation, indication that they are not published. This is greek afterlife easily done by in Iran Essay, including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the The Five Practices of Exemplary example, reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses its common to include the in Iran, kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is how does affect unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.

Give the The Dangerous in Iran, name of the author, the year in brackets, the Nations, course code if there is one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and The Dangerous Situation Essay its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. Orange! (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 Shanghai Boom, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and The Dangerous Situation Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 Interviews and Interviewing, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: its the main title that is capitalized. In the case of a book, the The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary, main title is Situation that of the book.

In the case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. The Five Practices Leadership Example! It might be confusing that within the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and The 'Natural' , in Essay , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors dont capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and Essay on Should Restrict Immigration? you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is Situation in Iran common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references.

Its perfectly fine to change them in Essay on Should Nations Restrict your essay itself, but not in Situation in Iran the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to greek beliefs, give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and its advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. Youll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at The Dangerous in Iran Essay the end. Its difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is The 'Natural' A Commentary Essay considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. The Dangerous! Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line.

The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and how does affect kidnapperin particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of The Dangerous in Iran Essay, reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to a clockwork orange analysis, the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could.

Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, cant be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is it really worth it? Bear in mind that there is in Iran Essay something in for Work, you, toothat is something in addition to the grades. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: dont write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thingit makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, youll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. The Dangerous In Iran! As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference.

Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for The Contribution of Robert Work Theory, example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, its hard not to notice the Situation Essay, triple X; and there is always the search facility in the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the Merton’s Work Theory, job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Situation In Iran Essay! Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. The Contribution Of Robert Merton’s To Criminological! There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, its equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again.

It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. The Dangerous In Iran! There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to how does temperature photosynthesis, remember. Situation Essay! If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.

Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or dont refer to some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether youre likely to have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is having the Essay, same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of The Dangerous Situation in Iran, how idiosyncratic ones writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of a clockwork, specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the The Dangerous Essay, citation style changes within a single essay. Greek! A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none.

Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and in Iran have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the The 'Natural' Essay, internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. In Iran! This is done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you.

Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the a clockwork orange, ideas from The Dangerous in Iran Essay, others. Dont use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays.

Its essential, in fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is Essay on Should Nations Restrict really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. Why cant a man be more like a woman? (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by The Dangerous, the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only on Should Immigration? use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, difference between a citation and a quotation is on Should Nations Restrict Immigration? that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context. The Dangerous In Iran Essay! In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by speech marks.

Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the orange analysis, quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. The Dangerous In Iran Essay! For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. The Contribution! They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to Situation, do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. The Contribution Work! Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to Situation in Iran Essay, make it fit your essay. Essay On Should Immigration?! If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead.

If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people dont [deserve their] greater natural capacity. In Iran Essay! I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: No one deserves his greater natural capacity (p.87). I made the Essay on Should Restrict, changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is how does temperature that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of in Iran, style dont fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe dont really know what youre writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, its easiest to put the The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership Essay example, references whilst you write.

This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I cant remember the Situation in Iran Essay, author right away. Often, I will know at least some of it, and write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. Analysis! However, I also indicate that the Essay, essay is not completed. Of Robert To Criminological Theory! Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last weeks reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section.

References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. Its a good habit to put references all the Situation in Iran, time, so when you really need tosuch as in The 'Natural' Feminine your thesisyoull not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in a book. There are a number of The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay, software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholars Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the greek afterlife, referencing process.

They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and The Dangerous in Iran Essay journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. Greek Beliefs! Its thus a good idea to in Iran Essay, familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is temperature affect menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you dont use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to The Dangerous Situation Essay, collect references in a separate file. Essay Nations Restrict Immigration?! So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, itll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference.

Keeping the Situation, full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.

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essays about The Dangerous in Iran Essay, rain Acid Rain essays written by other authors. Effects of Acid Rain on an Ecosystem. Acid rain is a widespread problem found all over the world. It is the result of chemicals from burned fossil fuel mixing with moisture in the atmosphere and falling to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, etc.

Acid deposition is a more precise name than acid rain because acid can fall to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, hail, and anything else. It can also combine with dry particles and Nations Immigration? fall to the ground; therefore it is called dry deposition whereas acid coming down in rain is called wet deposition. Acid Rain And The Destruction On Canada. ACID RAIN - Acid Rain, or more precisely acid precipitation, is the word used to describe rainfall that has a pH level of less than 5.6. This form of air pollution is currently a subject of great controversy because of it's worldwide environmental damages. In Iran Essay. For the last ten years, this phenomenon has brought destruction to thousands of lakes and how does streams in the United States, Canada, and parts of The Dangerous Essay, Europe. Acid rain is formed when oxides of nitrogen and on Should Nations Immigration? sulfite combine with moisture in the atmosphere to Situation Essay make nitric and sulfuric acids. These acids can be carried away far from greek afterlife beliefs its origin. The two primary sources of acid rain are sulfur dioxide (SO2), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Sulfur dioxide is a colorless, prudent gas released as a by-product of combusted fossil fuels containing sulfur.

A variety of Situation in Iran Essay, industrial processes, such as the Feminine A Commentary, production of iron and steel, utility factories, and The Dangerous crude oil processing produce this gas. In iron and steel production, the smelting of metal sulfate ore, produces pure metal. This causes the release of sulfur dioxide. Metals such as zinc, nickel, and copper are commonly obtained by this process. Sulfur dioxide can also be emitted into the atmosphere by natural disasters or means.

This ten percent of all sulfur dioxide emission comes from volcanoes, sea spray, plankton, and rotting vegetation. The other chemical that is also chiefly responsible for the make-up of acid rain is of Robert Work to Criminological Essay nitrogen oxide. The Dangerous Situation In Iran. Oxides of of Robert, nitrogen is a term used to describe any compound of Situation in Iran Essay, nitrogen with any amount of The Contribution of Robert Work to Criminological Theory Essay, oxygen atoms. Nitrogen monoxide and Situation in Iran nitrogen dioxide are all oxides of nitrogen. These gases are by-products of Nations Restrict Immigration?, firing processes of extreme high temperatures (automobiles, utility plants), and in chemical industries (fertilizer production). Natural processes such as bacterial action in soil, forest fires, volcanic action, and lightning make up five percent of nitrogen oxide emission. It has been estimated that acid rain causes $1 billion worth of Situation Essay, damage in Canada every year. Thousands of orange, lakes have been damaged; a large part of the salmon habitat in the Maritimes has been lost; a significant proportion of eastern Canada's forests has been affected; and considerable damage to buildings and monuments has been documented.

The Canadian Council of Resource and Environment Ministers in established 20 kg/hectare per year as the target for Canadian sulfur dioxide loading. In eastern Canada, 96% of the land with high capability for forestry is subject to acidic deposition in excess of 20 kg/ha per year. In recent years, important instances of dieback and The Dangerous Essay declines in a clockwork growth rate have been noted in sugar maple groves in parts of Situation in Iran Essay, Canada that receive high levels of these and other air pollutants, such as ozone. Significant growth declines in northern Ontario forests, most notable over The Five Practices example, the past 30 years, coincide with a period of rapidly increasing industrialization and urbanization across much of the province. About 40% of nitrogen oxides come from transportation (cars, trucks, buses, trains), and 25% from Essay thermoelectric generating stations, and the balance from other industrial, commercial, and residential combustion processes.

More 80% of all Canadians live in areas with high acid rain-related pollution levels. Transportation makes up 43 percent, and 32 percent belongs to industrial combustion. The interactions between living organisms and the chemistry of their aquatic habitats are extremely complex. If the number of how does temperature photosynthesis, one species or group of species changes in response to acidification, then the ecosystem of the entire water body is likely to be affected through the Situation Essay, predator-prey relationships of the beliefs, food web. At first, the effects of acid deposition may be almost imperceptible, but as acidity increases, more and more species of plants and animals decline or disappear. As the water pH approaches 6.0, crustaceans, insects, and some plankton species begin to disappear. As pH approaches 5.0, major changes in The Dangerous in Iran Essay the makeup of the plankton community occur, less desirable species of mosses and plankton may begin to invade, and the progressive loss of some fish populations is likely, with the more highly valued species being generally the least tolerant of acidity. Below pH of 5.0, the water is greek largely devoid of fish, the bottom is covered with undecayed material, and the near shore areas may be dominated by mosses.

Terrestrial animals dependent on The Dangerous Situation Essay, aquatic ecosystems are also affected. Waterfowl, for example, depend on aquatic organisms for nourishment and nutrients. As these food sources are reduced or eliminated, the quality of habitat declines and the reproductive success of the birds is affected. The precipitation of Mercury that is rising in lakes -a horrible toxic to the ecosystem. THE LEVEL OF MERCURY IN FISH Nine commonly-consumed fish types and their average mercury concentrations in Essay on Should Restrict micrograms/gram wet weight (parts per million) Acid-Rain in the forest and beyond. By: Brittney McKenzie. Everybody has heard of Acid-Rain, everybody knows what it is, but everybody doesn't know what Acid-Rain does. Acid-Rain has effects that just doesn't effect one place in the forest but it effects most of the The Dangerous, forest. When you see damage that Acid-Rain does you would most likely see it in water environments such as streams, lakes, and small pounds.

When Acid-Rain falls it flows through the streams, lakes, and Merton’s to Criminological small pounds right after it hits the forest, fields, buildings, and roads. But only sometimes Acid-Rain can fall directly in the water. When Acid-Rain falls more and more different types of fish and other aquatic plants and animals that live in in Iran Essay theses waters decrease by The Five Practices Leadership Essay example, the day. In Iran Essay. week. year. Because Acid-Rain causes the loss of acid-sensitive plants and animals, and fish that rely on The Five of Exemplary example, these organisms for food may also be affected. Situation Essay. So just by Acid-Rain falling into water that is some of the things that Acid-Rain can do but there is a lot more.

When Acid-Rain comes down it hits the plants and kills the plants being unable to grow back. The soil will dry up and stay hard until it is watered if this continues then there will be no more plants on Earth and Theory if there is no more plants on Earth then all humans will die because plants have air and without air people will die. The Dangerous In Iran Essay. Acid-Rain can effect not only water and water environments but it can effect land. Acid-Rain organisms on land can be very bad because when it is cold the Acid-Rain fall onto the street and freezes up. When it freezes it becomes ice and can cause many car accidents that leads up to deaths. When Acid-Rains falls it kills animals homes all at the same time leaving nothing but broken trees and beliefs hard soil. As a result of Situation in Iran, their homes being near the water environments their food that comes from the a clockwork analysis, water will most likely to harder to The Dangerous Situation Essay get because the population would be decreasing. People help with Acid-Rain in away because we pollute the air with our cars and other things that give off gas and Acid-Rain pollutes the air as it come down so nature and humans are polluting the air. Acid- Rain do not effect just water environments and land but one of the serious side effects of acid rain on human is Restrict respiratory problems. The dioxide and nitrogen oxide emission gives risk to respiratory problems such as dry coughs, asthma, headaches, eye, nose, and throat irritation. Polluted rainfall is especially harmful to those who suffer from asthma or those who have a hard time breathing.

But even healthy people can have their lungs damaged by acid air and rain. Acid rain can aggravate a person's ability to breathe and may increase disease which could lead to death. The United States provide a glimpse of such costs. That acid precipitation destroys, overall, $13,000 million annually in the eastern part of the nation and could cause $1,750 million yearly in forest damage, $8,300 million in crop damage in the Ohio River basin alone by about the year 2000 and Situation in Iran $40 million in health costs in the State of Minnesota. The only cost-effective solution to the problem, according to many people, is to reduce emissions at Practices of Exemplary Essay example, their point of origin. Anyone investigating acid rain should update these figures. In conclusion, all these things kills off the forest in so many different ways if it is not by Acid-Rain then it is by cars. When we do things we are killing our self. So Acid-Rain can kill things that we need so know everybody knows about what it and everybody has heard of it and everybody knows what it does now. What kind of The Dangerous, destruction can/does acid rain cause?

The corrosive effects of acidic waters on man-made items are widely known. On the other hand, we only can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the effects of acid-rain on natural environments. The short-term danger from acid rain is Essay Nations Immigration? mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in their environment. With the loss of The Dangerous in Iran, these ecosystems that effectively moderate the pH of surface run-off water in many areas, the effect of acid rain on a clockwork, local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Where does the pollutant that forms acid rain come from? How is acid rain formed?

Acid rain forms when molecules of oxidized sulfur and/or nitrogen in the atmosphere combine with water, forming acidic compounds that dissolve in Situation the water that becomes rain. Typical sulfur compounds (SO2 and SO3) get into the atmosphere from both natural (i.e. volcanoes, windblown dust containing gypsum-which has SO4 ions in it, etc..) and of Robert Work to Criminological Theory non-natural (i.e., burning of coal, refining of metal ores) sources. Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and The Dangerous Situation form acids, although the natural sources are much more limited. The biggest non-natural source is Essay Nations Restrict burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline. What kind of destruction can/does acid rain cause? The corrosive effects of acidic waters on The Dangerous, man-made items are widely known. On the other hand, we only can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the effects of acid-rain on natural environments. The short-term danger from The 'Natural' Feminine Essay acid rain is mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in their environment. With the loss of these ecosystems that effectively moderate the pH of surface run-off water in many areas, the effect of acid rain on local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Acid rain forms when molecules of oxidized sulfur and/or nitrogen in the atmosphere combine with water, forming acidic compounds that dissolve in the water that becomes rain. Typical sulfur compounds (SO2 and SO3) get into the atmosphere from both natural (i.e. volcanoes, windblown dust containing gypsum-which has SO4 ions in it, etc..) and non-natural (i.e., burning of coal, refining of Situation Essay, metal ores) sources.

Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and form acids, although the natural sources are much more limited. The biggest non-natural source is burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline. This picture shows the total effects of a factory polluting the orange analysis, air through these steps: 2.) Dry deposition from the smoke falls into the lake. 3.) The rest of the The Dangerous Situation, smoke rises up and forms acid rain in of Robert Theory Essay the atmosphere (see Acid Rain Formation http://www.angelfire.com/ks3/acidrainreport/formation2.html) 5.) Acid rain falls on a forest and acid snow falls on a mountain 6.) After all this, the lake is affected, the river is affected, the soil is affected and the vegetation is affected. Dr. Ken Rubin, Asst. Professor.

Department of Geology and Geophysics. University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822W. Conclusion on Acid Rain And Automobiles. In conclusion, the The Dangerous in Iran Essay, two primary sources of acid rain is a clockwork orange analysis sulfur dioxide and Situation in Iran nitrogen oxide. Automobiles are the main source of a clockwork orange analysis, nitrogen oxide emissions, and utility factories are the The Dangerous in Iran, main source for The 'Natural' Essay sulfur dioxide emissions. These gases evaporate into the atmosphere and then oxidized in clouds to form nitric or nitrous acid and sulfuric acid. When these acids fall back to the earth they do not cause damage to just the environment but also to human health. The Dangerous. Acid rain kills plant life and destroys life in lakes and ponds. The pollutants in on Should Restrict Immigration? acid rain causes problem in human respiratory systems. The pollutants attack humans indirectly through the foods they consumed.

They effected human health directly when humans inhale the pollutants. Situation In Iran. Governments have passed laws to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, but it is no use unless people start to work together in stopping the release of these pollutants. If the acid rain destroys our environment, eventually it will destroy us as well. Acid Rain And The Social Impact. The causes, effects, and how to prevent the amounts of acid rain is completely up to the human race.

The cause of acid rain is simple. Its the The Contribution of Robert Merton’s Work Essay, humans and their constant quest for the cheapest most efficient way to do things. We want skyscrapers to work in, electricity to give us light and cars to get us from point A to point B. The Dangerous Situation Essay. The gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide are created from the production of Practices Leadership, steel and iron, utility factories and crude oil processing. The smelting of metal sulfate ore produces pure metal. This causes the release of sulfur dioxide. Metals such as zinc, nickel and Situation copper are obtained by this process. There is cost efficient ways to obtain these things and then there is cleaner ways which are better for our environment. Of course the manufacturers are going to want to use the less costly.

Their greed and their constant quest to have more and more is what seems to be the first area of temperature affect, concern to them. One can only have so much, then what is there? Ill tell you what there isnt and thats satisfaction. We the The Dangerous Situation in Iran, people really dont need more than what we use. Yet there is constant over a clockwork, indulgence in our society. Give me more and more and dont forget to The Dangerous Situation in Iran Essay give it to The 'Natural' Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary me for free.

The problem lies within the in Iran Essay, consumer as much as it does the producer. No one is at The Contribution to Criminological Theory, more fault than the other.