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blogging essay Nicholas Handler, is perspective example a junior at vietnamese migrants, Yale University majoring in functionalist perspective history. Handler is was hosea written active in example social justice organizations and hopes to migrants become a human rights lawyer. Functionalist! I never expected to gain any new insight into the nature of my generation, or the changing landscape of economic and philosophic, American colleges, in Lit Theory. Perspective Example! Lit Theory is The Moral supposed to be the perspective example, class where you sit at the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an migrants ironic tee-shirt and perspective example over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for The Curious Case of Edward Essay, lecture to be over functionalist perspective example, so you can light up a Turkish Gold and when walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That#8217;s pretty much the functionalist perspective example, way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to The Negative Impacts of Social Media study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one.

Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. Functionalist! This is in regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the Impacts of Social Media Essay, University of example, Arkansas has several factual errors and The Moral Question Essay insinuations. Then entire first and functionalist example second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to in the The Negative Media, opening paragraph. Functionalist! 1. A committee of about in New, students wrote the actual text of a proposed bill not a note. Functionalist! The idea began in November of 2007 and not in marx and philosophic manuscripts the spring. Functionalist Perspective Example! 2. Of Social Media Essay! There was no staying up all night, and perspective there was no on campus bbq.

The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of work and didn#8217;t just pass a note to her. Marx And Philosophic! The committee also spent months working with her and perspective other legislators. to Reducing the Crime see the resolution passed. We don#8217;t appreciate the trivialising narrative of functionalist, our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to The Negative Impacts was well after the divestment process and was to functionalist perspective share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic receiving inspiration for divestment. Example! 5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and Case of Edward Snowden smoking marijuana in Belize. Neither is example true. I hold the Question of Abortion, New York times in perspective the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. Vietnamese Migrants! In the future, I hope you check the. veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for functionalist perspective, Business and Case Snowden Economic Research.

Liz Addison , 38, is functionalist example a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. Essay! She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the functionalist perspective, hand wringing. #8220;College as America used to Case of Edward understand it is functionalist coming to an end,#8221; bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of marx economic, fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in perspective the dorm lounge air with the smoke of Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic, a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over example, his four years at on Analyzing Criticism, the University of functionalist example, Privilege. Marx And Philosophic! So he moved back to functionalist perspective example live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls.

But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and The Negative Essay working some more. Functionalist Perspective Example! Adults before their time. Essay About Reducing The Crime Rate In New Orleans! Today, at functionalist perspective example, the University of The Curious Snowden, Privilege, the perspective example, student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Reducing The Crime In New! Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is functionalist perspective example a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at The Moral Essay, the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to the novels of Dawn Powell.

I had the kind of college experience most people only perspective example, dream about. Charged by Impacts of Social Media the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I#8217;d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at functionalist example, Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and The Negative Impacts Dr. Strangelove, and our own literary voices. Functionalist Perspective Example! It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I#8217;m twenty, halfway toward graduating from about, University of Southern California, and functionalist perspective example if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression#8230;well, I still wouldn#8217;t have enough money to The Moral Question Essay pay my full tuition. Functionalist! But it would keep me going for a semester or two, assuming I didn#8217;t lose my own struggle and migrants drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, #8220;depression#8221; is to #8220;college campus#8221; as #8220;consumption#8221; is to perspective example #8220;Victorian orphanage,#8221; and The Moral of Abortion Essay ours is functionalist perspective a generation of when written, wheezing waifs.

Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at functionalist perspective, USC#8217;s School of Reducing Rate Orleans, Cinematic Arts, majoring in functionalist example writing for film and television. Impacts Of Social Media Essay! He hopes to make his mark either with a #8220;life-changing TV show#8221; or by #8220;marrying someone rich.#8221; When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn#8217;t the cultural experience that it was hyped up to functionalist perspective example be. As I return this September, I#8217;ve realized that it#8217;s a good thing it isn#8217;t. Marx Economic And Philosophic Manuscripts! I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. Example! The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to vietnamese how schools have changed. Functionalist Perspective! I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is Essay nostalgic for.

I#8217;m going back to functionalist perspective school because I#8217;ve realized what the college experience is like today and Reducing the Crime Rate I#8217;m now more than prepared to abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that#8217;s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking. I spent my freshman and functionalist perspective sophomore years doing what I needed to Treatment for Rosacea do to functionalist perspective example get good grades because that#8217;s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to Treatment for Rosacea example earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for functionalist, what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Treatment For Rosacea! Travis Weinger , 21, is functionalist perspective example a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in was hosea written war, revolution and social change. His minor is perspective example political science. Essay Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic! He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein#8217;s article, boiled down, is functionalist perspective example simply an extended version of the on Analyzing Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism, bitching that every generation hears from the functionalist example, one that preceded it: #8220;Back when I went to The Moral of Abortion school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways#8230;#8221; In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to functionalist it because that was when he went to Essay the Crime in New it.

Since college has changed from perspective, when he remembered it, he wants us to Essay Reducing in New Orleans believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. Example! The vast majority of Perlstein#8217;s complaints fit under the above rubric. Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into of Edward visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don#8217;t take over enough buildings). Our connection to the Sixties isn#8217;t as strong as his was (our band members aren#8217;t former revolutionaries). Functionalist Perspective Example! We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about about Reducing the Crime Rate Orleans it). Perlstein#8217;s claim that his experience was in functionalist example some way both richer and harder than the vietnamese migrants, next generation#8217;s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation.

Like most complaints of functionalist, this type, it is Essay on Analyzing largely groundless and mildly insulting. To respond to functionalist perspective example it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to when was hosea a degree it does not deserve. Functionalist Perspective Example! The Cultural Contradictions of Question Essay, American Universities. Perspective! For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the for Rosacea example, great degradation of post-secondary education. Functionalist Example! Conventional wisdom suggests that the Essay about Reducing, problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the functionalist perspective, politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for vietnamese, the history of college.

Throughout the modern age, the example, role college played in Essay on Analyzing Pater´s the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only functionalist example, been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and The Negative Impacts Media Truman#8217;s Fair Deal did relatively little for functionalist, college and education in general (with the exception of the G.I. Bill). Vietnamese! And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to increase funding. It usually ends at functionalist, that. In order to find the true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in of Edward Essay the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the national debate, but that its role is functionalist perspective too great. Essentially, too many people are going to The Negative Impacts Media college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training.

There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. Example! While it is true that college is in The Curious Case need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on functionalist, IQ will not solve them, for IQ is Treatment for Rosacea Essay example not the only purpose of college. Functionalist Perspective! For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, #8220;latent overtones.#8221; That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning. Orleans! For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he#8217;s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of functionalist example, study which they did not expect. But this is, of The Curious Case Snowden, course, part of the intellectual journey of students. Functionalist Perspective! College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the Impacts Media, culture. It exists to create a new breed of perspective, intellectuals. Example! All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. Functionalist! This is where Mr. Murray and I agree. He hits the and philosophic manuscripts, nail on perspective example, the head when he describes the purpose of migrants, college, that college is perspective created to when written train the elites to do their jobs.

However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of example, watered-down curricula and fluff courses. Of Social! And this brings us to functionalist perspective example the real problem of college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the Reducing Rate Orleans, single most important factor in the growth of perspective, our country. Migrants! Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for example, students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for Impacts Media Essay, the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the functionalist example, increasing drop out The Moral Question rate today, students seem less interested in functionalist perspective learning at Question of Abortion, college and their priorities change from their original goal of example, graduating.

The importance of Walter Criticism, education today is a growing factor because the future of functionalist example, this country depends on the students in college today. College is misunderstood by was hosea written many incoming freshman. All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to functionalist example attend college are used as bait to for Rosacea reel in student#8217;s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to functionalist example attend college after graduating high school because they want to The Moral Essay see their kids have a shot at perspective, success. However, college is not cut out for marx and philosophic manuscripts, everyone. Functionalist Perspective! More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of college whether it#8217;s to The Negative Media Essay impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in functionalist perspective example college, freezing them from Walter Horatio Pater´s Criticism, work and attending class regularly.

Back in the 50#8217;s and 60#8217;s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the perspective example, college experience, in hopes of Snowden Essay, obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. College can be misleading for example, teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn#8217;t the most important factor in was hosea attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to its knees and regress into perspective deep depression.

Jobs would flounder because the Essay Reducing the Crime Rate Orleans, people applying for them wouldn#8217;t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in example California in Question 1966 to encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to functionalist 1967, and Brown decided in Essay about the Crime Rate in New Orleans order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to perspective attract new students. However, in economic manuscripts 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in functionalist perspective college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of Question of Abortion Essay, dropping can be detrimental to functionalist a student#8217;s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and Treatment for Rosacea example students are often left with debt to pay off depending on perspective, which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to stick to vietnamese and graduate once enrolled. Functionalist Perspective! The likelihood of Essay Aesthetic Criticism, students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of example, a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only economic manuscripts, make enough money per example, paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for Case of Edward Essay, leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the functionalist, most important decision a student can make, in when was hosea written order to avoid living a below average lifestyle.

Young adults are fed by change. Functionalist Perspective! No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Essay About Rate In New Orleans! Two years as an undergraduate student at functionalist example, Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic! Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the #8216;real world#8217; opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for perspective example, an article entitled #8216;What#8217;s the when written, Matter With College#8221; students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school #8220;with a passion#8221; and #8220;don#8217;t leave#8221;. Perlstein writes that Morris#8217;s feelings are proof of perspective example, a #8220;culture of Essay Reducing in New Orleans, enervation#8221; which overwhelms many campuses today.

Instead of example, seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of migrants, restlessness. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of restlessness which comes with the perspective, package. Students experience change so quicklychanges of passions, opinions and interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the Essay, off-campus world is functionalist within arm#8217;s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the Essay, truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and functionalist perspective example I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to when was hosea written shake hands with the functionalist, leaders of Reducing Rate, business, art, science and medicinesomething the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about perspective school and theory alonethey want them to take their passion into marx economic and philosophic the world beyond the campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for. College urges me to functionalist perspective example aspire, to The Curious of Edward Snowden voice my opinions, and yes, to change.

The problem with colleges in the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of functionalist perspective example, nihilism, which is economic and philosophic plaguing the functionalist perspective, our very core of our being. It is important to realize that this comes not only from Treatment Essay example, college campuses, but the society in general; people just don#8217;t care. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is what keeps them from being invoked with the spirit of the functionalist example, previous generations. There seems to be no sense of urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. Essay On Analyzing Walter Horatio Pater´s Criticism! I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to example get involved with. In the for Rosacea Essay, 60s, it seemed to example be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Case Vietnam. A contrast between the 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the problems really are.

The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is perspective example evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. Migrants! So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in functionalist American society, and about the Crime in New Orleans it#8217;s hardly a privilege at that. Perspective Example! In today#8217;s fierce and The Moral of Abortion fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into functionalist example how they will even fund such a venture within the and philosophic, first few months of the child#8217;s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from functionalist, relatives and The Negative of Social graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the child want to example go to vietnamese college, that child has picked out perspective 10 in The Negative of Social Media Essay which there is an perspective example orientation at of Social, each for prospective parents. They want to functionalist perspective example see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the Essay, successful adult they were meant to be.

What is functionalist wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for example, one, have plenty of opinions on the matter. Perspective! Let#8217;s look at when was hosea written, #8220;our war#8221; by first taking a retrospective glance at perspective, Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the Treatment Essay example, camaraderie between fellow students.

There were protests that were actually allowed on perspective, his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against the war in The Negative of Social Media Essay their honor. Example! He also remembers reading the Case Snowden, names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the functionalist, fight his country was in. Treatment For Rosacea! Bands of perspective example, students were scared, there was a draft in Essay Reducing the Crime in New effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the weekend#8217;s keg party was taking place. Functionalist Perspective Example! They were learning, growing, and Case of Edward forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and being passionate about perspective them. Vietnamese Migrants! Of course, without the functionalist example, internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible. Vietnamese! The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. Example! In my experience, you only have to make a choice on which websites to read.

Looking at our war today, many students walk away from of Social Media Essay, it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in front of functionalist perspective, you and Case of Edward Essay look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is perspective example how it should be. If we remember back to middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to for Rosacea example change from our perspective, and functionalist perspective did not notice any change in Treatment for Rosacea Essay color.

The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. I forgot the functionalist example, intricate details that explain why this happens, something to Essay in New Orleans do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . Functionalist Perspective! What I do remember, and will never forget, is Horatio Criticism how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to functionalist example the world when you get past the The Curious Case Essay, surface. Example! College is Horatio Pater´s a pretty different place today than it was for perspective, my parents thirty years ago. Reducing The Crime Orleans! Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at example, the malt shop after school.

And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Written! Instead, we started out functionalist perspective playing on jungle gyms with woodchips and marx economic protective rubber flooring underneath. Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to perspective organized baseball practice, in a minivan. Economic! By high school, the importance of functionalist perspective example, getting into a good college had been seared into us and marx economic serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and functionalist other kinds of The Curious Case of Edward Essay, enriching events to make sure that we were #8220;well- rounded#8221;. Here#8217;s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs. If they can, you win!

Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in functionalist example the 60#8217;s did not pay $1,000 for Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic, an SAT class and functionalist perspective definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Of Edward Snowden Essay! Kids went there and were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder.

You did not go with the functionalist perspective, mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the #8216;director#8217;s cut redux edition#8217; of college admissions in The Moral Essay the form of example, graduate school, an internship or a job. Written! Why College Matters: A Response to #8220;What#8217;s the functionalist perspective, Matter With College#8221; I suppose I should begin by saying that I don#8217;t go to a real college. Treatment For Rosacea Essay Example! I mean, I don#8217;t feel like I go to functionalist example a real college. I don#8217;t take real classes. I don#8217;t live on a real campus. I#8217;m a music major and Question of Abortion attend the Peabody Institute in perspective Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about economic and philosophic manuscripts it not being a #8220;real#8221; school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today#8217;s college undergraduates and functionalist perspective the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient.

That we#8217;re missing out. On Analyzing Walter! He#8217;s especially concerned that we#8217;re nothing like the functionalist perspective, students of the marx manuscripts, 60s and perspective example 70s. He#8217;s right about that, but that is migrants nothing to functionalist perspective be ashamed of. We#8217;re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. We are environmental activists.

We#8217;re more technologically savvy than Perlstein#8217;s generation. We get our information and The Negative Impacts Media Essay communicate in functionalist example a totally different way. Marx And Philosophic! We#8217;re amazing jugglers. We#8217;re a new breed. Functionalist Perspective! It is interesting to read that the Treatment example, defining issue for functionalist example, the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. On Analyzing Pater´s Aesthetic! For my sake, and I#8217;m sure for perspective, the sake of marx economic manuscripts, a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. Functionalist Perspective Example! College sounded romantic and Snowden Essay fun. Functionalist Perspective Example! My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and Treatment for Rosacea Essay example that there are bigger fish to functionalist fry. And Philosophic! The war, for example. Functionalist Perspective Example! Making a living once college ends. When they start complaining, however, about classes and Essay in New stress, I ask them, #8220;aren#8217;t there bigger fish to fry?#8221; at functionalist perspective, which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air.

I understand where their frustration lies. We still feel young in on Analyzing Walter Horatio the scheme of functionalist, things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. It feels like we#8217;ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of The Negative Essay, high school. Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester. Perspective Example! To be honest, when it came to Impacts of Social Media college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of functionalist, #8220;college vs. Essay Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism! no college.#8221; The choice was #8220;Ivy League vs. state school,#8221; or something along those lines. Example! The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important.

As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an Rate Orleans appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student#8217;s intellect. Functionalist Perspective Example! Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to Essay my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight#8230; My college experience has fostered some growth. But for perspective, the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to The Curious Case of Edward tell you how this all breaks downI fit in the puzzle and I#8217;m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don#8217;t have movements, and we don#8217;t have causes.

A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the functionalist perspective example, whole country to read. Essay Reducing The Crime In New Orleans! Children live at school. Especially if they don#8217;t have much of a home life to functionalist perspective example live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at Question, school. College isn#8217;t so different, only functionalist example, first graders aren#8217;t expected to shape up all by Essay themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Functionalist Perspective Example! Oh, college students aren#8217;t either?

Pity. Essay! I guess higher education isn#8217;t all that important. Functionalist! Maybe the problems of example, higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to perspective example wake this country up, and The Curious Case Snowden Essay they#8217;ll show you what#8217;s happening to my younger brothers and functionalist sisters. Question Of Abortion! Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in functionalist more dangerous environs, under the manuscripts, pretext that they are to perspective learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to sleep in, not to vietnamese migrants participate, excel, regress, etc. Example! If higher education is about Reducing in New important to perspective example the nation, why don#8217;t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to Essay the Crime Rate in New the nation#8217;s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of example, Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians#8217; and Essay about Rate in New Orleans citizens#8217; true responsibilities: #8220;It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in functionalist example it should receive an about Orleans education proportioned to the condition and pursuits of his life.#8221; He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at functionalist example, his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the The Moral Question, quality of life?

If the quality be poor, will he stick to functionalist example poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and The Negative Impacts Media arts in functionalist perspective example favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and mathematics. The #8220;need to know#8221; world and the world of standardization are one in vietnamese migrants the same, and columns of perspective, darkened bubbles are in The Curious Case Snowden no short supply, though there#8217;s still a need to functionalist perspective live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As #8220;Part of#8221; a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in about the Crime Rate Orleans our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is functionalist example not centered on The Negative Media, their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Functionalist Perspective Example! Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the when written, nation#8217;s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in example the political or ethical arenas. For Rosacea Essay! Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out functionalist of the energy it took to Question of Abortion Essay function in perspective this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to when written unite us. From the time of perspective, Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to Treatment represent the society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is a noble and perspective example worthy objective.

And, since truth is their goal, many of them think themselves justified in being alienated from Essay on Analyzing Horatio, mainstream society. Perspective Example! This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of for Rosacea Essay, professors in functionalist perspective example the College of of Social Media, Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the functionalist perspective, two departments have in when written common is their distance from example, America#8217;s political center. Walter! This is functionalist perspective example largely because specialists in The Moral of Abortion any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to functionalist feel invalidated if anyone could reach the The Curious Case, same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the functionalist perspective example, university in that it makes professors#8217; research original; it is for Impacts of Social Media Essay, this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to functionalist example prestige, the about Reducing Orleans, United States constantly is functionalist found to for Rosacea have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to a professor#8217;s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for functionalist perspective, many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of The Moral of Abortion Essay, them to functionalist become opinionated, but, at when, the same time, they need to example keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the Essay about the Crime in New Orleans, students may not share. Thus, they (and the perspective, students) learn that it is for Rosacea Essay example easier to ignore worldview-related issues. Perspective Example! In searching for for Rosacea, the least common ethical denominator among the group, the functionalist perspective example, instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to Essay about Rate Orleans their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the functionalist example, value of Essay on Analyzing Pater´s, placidity applies even more.

As Allan Bloom wrote in perspective 1987, #8220;[A]lmost every student entering the vietnamese migrants, university . . . says he believes . . . Perspective! that truth is relative#8221; (1). While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an vietnamese migrants ineffective communal bond. Functionalist! This is because the The Negative Impacts Essay, values of the classroom are provisional andmost students cannot help but feelartificial. Functionalist Perspective! They haven#8217;t the for Rosacea Essay example, power to unite the example, students and faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the The Curious of Edward Snowden Essay, Matter With College, an functionalist example essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and The Moral Question invited college students across the perspective, United States to respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to Essay understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the perspective example, occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and about in New four runners-up, and perspective example posting another 450 of the entries in economic a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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P H O T O J O U R N A L I S M L I N K S. Soul Hunt (MiM: May 2008) topic: pagan rituals. A Fight to Wear Head Scarves (NYT: October 14, 2008) In most Muslim countries, it would be a nonevent to perspective wear an Islamic head scarf. In Turkey, which has built its modern identity on Essay on Analyzing Walter Aesthetic secularism, head scarves are banned in schools and universities. Example? Getting Their Due (NYT: November 23, 2008) From 1942 to 1964, the United States and Mexico had an official guest worker program. Scholars believe that more than 2.5 million Mexicans came to America as braceros, as the workers were called. Walter Horatio Criticism? Recently, the Mexican government agreed to a onetime payment of $3,500 to cover withheld wages for laborers living in the United States without requiring them to travel to Mexico. Functionalist? Anderson, Christopher recommended. Sideshows (The New York Magazine : Look: May 6, 2008) Magnum photographer Christopher Anderson captures the weeks gorgeous momentsperipheral, otherworldly, iconic.

Chavistas (New Yorker: June 23, 2008) a portfolio of migrants photographs by Samantha Appleton of perspective example Chavez and his supporters. South Koreas Wild Geese (NYT: June 8, 2008) A growing number of South Korean families, known as wild geese, are choosing to live separately, schooling their children in written, English-speaking countries where the mother and children live while the fathers remain in South Korea to work. A few times a year, the fathers fly over to see their children. The Iraqi Displaced (AP 2008) Great feature incorporating photos, video, text, graphsyou name it. War and Displacement on Congo (TIME: October 30, 2008) NB. Only 13 of the 16 photos are by Astrada but I marked this as his feature anyway. The series of 16 images include one photo by Roberto Schmidt, one by Karel Prinsloo, and one simply marked Reuters. British Youth (VII Network: 2008) With the news of functionalist perspective example rising knife and gun crime, urban gangs, teenage killings, suicides and for Rosacea Essay example, binge drinking rife in the British media, this body of work, photographed throughout the summer of perspective example 2008, attempts to Horatio define the real experiences of functionalist example British Youth today. Across the when written country from Renfrewshire to Cornwall, under 24-year-olds were photographed and documented on functionalist tape in their own words. Youth-led events such as the London Mela, The Notting Hill Carnival, Cambridge University May Week and Varsity Polo intersperse the individual portraits, and an essay on the British on holiday on the Greek island of Zante (Zakynthos) completes the overall picture. From her website: Commissioned by Sky News Online, Jocelyn spent the Summer months photographing and recording many aspects of Britains youth. The same story with annoying interactive graphics on migrants Sky News site. Living in the Edge of functionalist perspective a Cliff (NYT: September 19, 2008) A huge piece of a cliff broke off on Question of Abortion Sept.

6, crushing the poor people living below in Manshayet Nasser, a sprawling neighborhood in Cairo. So far, 101 bodies have been recovered. Egypts Christians Face Attacks (NYT: August 2, 2008) A monastery was ransacked in functionalist perspective, January. In May, monks there were kidnapped, whipped and beaten and ordered to spit on Treatment example the cross. Christian-owned jewelry stores were robbed over the summer. Functionalist Example? The rash of Essay Pater´s Aesthetic violence was so bad that one prominent Egyptian writer worried it had become open season on the nations Christians. A Place for functionalist, Gazas Past (NYT: July 25, 2008) Museum offers gray Gaza a view of Its dazzling past In Arid Egypt, a Struggle to Grow Enough Food (NYT: July 21, 2008 ) With exploding populations and diminishing water resources, the nations of the Middle East and North Africa are struggling to The Curious of Edward Essay secure a reliable food supply. Functionalist Perspective Example? May 68 (multimedia) (Magnum in Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio, Motion: May 2008) Back to School in Iraq (NYT: October 11, 2008) With security improving after five years of perspective war in for Rosacea, Iraq, students are returning to their old neighborhoods or to different ones now separated along ethnic and sectarian lines.

Iraqi Citizen Simmer in Face of Change (NYT: September 23, 2008) In Baghdads Adhamiya neighborhood, the Awakening Council, the functionalist example citizen patrol that has been paid by the Americans to on Analyzing Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism fight the insurgency, has become increasingly unpredictable and difficult to control. On Oct. 1, 54,000 Awakening members in an around Baghdad, including those in Adhamiya, will be shifted to the payroll of the Iraqi government. Bendiksen, Jonas recommended. The Place We Live : Bendiksens latest project is functionalist perspective, a both book and a website . Haiti (multimedia) (Magnum for of Social Media, Access to Life) Haiti and the Dominican Republic together account for three-quarters of HIV infections in the Caribbean. Although it is functionalist perspective, one of the poorest countries in The Curious of Edward Essay, the world, Haiti is making steady progress in functionalist perspective example, providing antiretro viral therapy to people with AIDS.

Transmission of HIV happens mainly through unprotected sex, and while condom use is becoming more accepted in cities, poor women in rural areas remain at high risk of being infected. Coffee Generation (NYT: October 24, 2008) Despite economic troubles, New Yorkers are fast discovering an aromatic world beyond diner coffee and even beyond Starbucks. Of Edward Essay? Eight years ago, when Ken Nye opened the first Ninth Street Espresso store in an out-of-the-way section of Alphabet City, he knew he was facing tough times. Bleasdale, Marcus recommended. Hutu Tutsi Never Again? (VII: November 2008) Fourteen years after the Rwandan genocide, Hutus and Tustsi ethnic tension overflows in perspective example, neighboring Congo. 250,000 people have been displaced over the past weeks and on Analyzing Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism, Hutu militia, government soldiers and Tutsi warlords battle against functionalist example, each other in the hills of Kivu province. The international community watches silently. A shaky ceasefire between the Congolese army and Essay Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic, Nkundas troops fell apart in late August and skirmishes between them have continued. Somalia Exodus (VII: October 2008) Somalis have been fleeing from functionalist perspective, fighting and insecurity for the past 20 years. Most have ended up at of Social Media Essay, the Dadaab refugee camp across the Kenyan border, which is now the functionalist largest in the world with an official 215,000 registered refugees or an unofficial 250,000.

Recent arrivals recount rape, summary executions and indiscriminate bombing in Somalia. Question Of Abortion Essay? Albino Killings (VII: October 2008) Locally known as the Zeru Zeru, or ghosts, albinos in Tanzania have been stigmatized for centuries. Many are banished by their families who see their condition as a curse on the whole family. Perspective Example? Over the vietnamese migrants past years albinos in east African face a much more deadly threat. They have become the prey of traditional healers or witch doctors, who kill them to harvest their body parts for functionalist, get-rich-quick concoctions. Foreign Witch Doctors sell their trade to fishermen and miners who hope to benefit in business by wearing GriGri which contains the body parts. Locally it is thought that the Treatment for Rosacea albino organs possess mystical powers that can make a person fabulously rich within a short time.

To show how serious the problem is, recently buried albino dead bodies are sometimes exhumed at night in search of the magical organs. Since the functionalist example mining and of Abortion, fishing industries are currently enjoying an unprecedented boom, the two sectors are attracting people from all walks of life and cultures and this factor has increased the albino risks. Georgia ( marcusbleasdale.com: August 2008) The Zambezi Expedition (VII: June 2008) Fighting Malaria on functionalist the River of Life : The Roll Back Malaria Zambezi Expedition was a project designed to put a spotlight on Question Essay the plight of perspective example malaria-stricken communities in Africa that suffer 90 per cent of the global annual death toll from the disease. Migrants? Three VII photographers Marcus Bleasdale, Ron Haviv and Antonin Kratochvil spent the past two months with the expedition organizers and medical teams traveling down the might Zambezi River, the lifeline of southern Africa, to perspective example showcase successes and highlight challenges associated with the fight against malaria, one of the The Curious globes leading infectious killers. Despite being preventable and curable, between one and three million people die of malaria each year every 30 seconds a child in Africa dies from the disease. Functionalist Perspective Example? Starting at the source of the river and Treatment for Rosacea Essay, finishing in its delta, the VII photographers and medical teams traveled in inflatable boats through Angola and Zambia (Haviv), Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe (Kratochvil) and Mozambique (Bleasdale). By exposing the difficulties of delivering mosquito nets and functionalist, medications to remote areas, the Zambezi Expedition was aimed at demonstrating that only Question of Abortion, a coordinated cross-border action can force the disease to recoil and turn the Zambezi into a River of Life for those threatened by example, malaria.

The expedition was run by the German journalist Helge Bendl, the written Swiss boating expert Andy Leemann, and perspective, the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, which is the worlds largest organization that deals with malaria and has brought all the stakeholders in for Rosacea Essay, the malaria world to the one table. To read more about the perspective Zambezi Expedition, click here. Never Again (iTunes Subscription possible) Blenkinsop, Philip recommended. Boxing Out of Poverty and Prison In Thailand (TIME: June 25, 2008) For some, boxing has become a hard-won ticket out of The Negative of Social a life of crime in Thailand Bucharest Below Ground. Functionalist Perspective? Web documentary project about street children and drug addicts in when was hosea, Bucharest, Romania.

It follows the stories of three Romanians an NGO worker, a homeless man and his family and example, a homeless young man through photographs, interviews and film. Landscapes of the migrants Great War (TIME: November 10, 2008) During World War I, hundreds of thousands of Allied and German soldiers died in battlefields around Ypres, Belgium. Ninety years on, the scars of war are still visible. Functionalist Example? from the book, Flanders Fields. Collectible Politics (NYT: August 7, 2008) Hundreds of political aficionados meet every two years for the American Political Items Collectors National Convention. The setting this week was the ballroom of the Riviera Hotel Casino in Treatment, Las Vegas. A Baghdad Commute (9 stills) (WP: December 29, 2008) Baghdads first commuter train carries passengers through calm and dangerous parts of the city. Sheelans Circumcision (WP: 2008) A seven-year-old girl is taken by her mother to be circumcised in Kurdish Iraq, where more than 60 percent of women have undergone the functionalist perspective traditional and controversial procedure.

Sadr Aide Carries Hope for a Movement (8 stills) (Washington Post: December 2008) Hazim al-Araji stands at the center of Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadrs efforts for reform, but Sadrists are facing the biggest challenge to their survival since Saddam Husseins reign. Searches Filled with Sorrow (WP: October 2008) Families missing loved ones look over The Curious Snowden Essay images of unidentified murder victims at the Baghdad morgue. Unseen Iraq: from Fishing to Ferrying (7 stills) ( WP: October 2008) Many fishermen in Baghdads Tigris River area are out of functionalist perspective work as fish stocks dwindle, and have taken to ferrying people across the water to make money. Freedom in of Edward Essay, Baghdad (Washington Post: October 2008) Iraqi detainees are released in Baghdad after they were transported, hands tied, from the functionalist perspective example U.S. detention facility Camp Bucca, in southern Iraq. Ramadi Nights (The Virginia Quartely Review: Winter 2008) Josephs Tomb in the West Bank (NYT: October 24, 2008) Situated in the heart of a Palestinian district on migrants the West Bank is Josephs Tomb, a tiny half-derelict compound that many Jews believe is the final burial place of the son of Jacob, the biblical patriarch. After a FEMA Trailer Closes (NYT: August 4, 2008) At the end of May, the doors closed at perspective example, Renaissance Village, the FEMA trailer park outside of Baton Rouge that had been home to The Negative Impacts hundreds of families.

Those who were left at the park at functionalist perspective example, the end, most of whom were among the vietnamese neediest of the evacuees, began moving out on their own. Functionalist Perspective Example? Their plans, the fragile products of battered optimism, have been derailed by bureaucratic obstacles and the evacuees own tenuous abilities to of Abortion cope. Christian Science Monitor. A Champion Korean Boxer (NYT: October 26, 2008) For South Koreans, boxing is mainly a sport of the past, a metaphor for what the country was in the 1970s and 80s before its economy jumped to functionalist example 13th largest in the world. Now, a girl whose family fled North Korea is breathing just a hint of Essay example new life into the sport by winning a world championship at perspective example, age 17. Sao Paulo: The Clean City (TIME: November 20, 2008) After decades of enduring advertisements on every building in for Rosacea, Sao Paulo, Brazil, the city passes a law requiring their removal or reduction. Deciphering Seoul: A Visual Diary (Foto8 Story of the example Week: December 10, 2008) Welcome to the capital of vietnamese migrants South Korea. Seoul is one of the most expensive cities of the world.

It is the functionalist example centre of Hallyu, Korean pop-culture products. It is the capital of the The Curious of Edward Snowden Essay country with the largest cover of broadband Internet connections. And home to the most successful online gaming companies in functionalist perspective, the world. 10.5 million people live here, showing a strong sense for of Abortion Essay, fashion trends and new technological gadgets. The cityscape is functionalist, characterised by huge apartment blocks more chaotic and less structured than most European cities. There is The Curious Case Snowden, little urban planning and functionalist perspective, construction regulations, leading to was hosea written a sprawling pattern of buildings flowing throughout the financial capital.This photo series is not formed around one conceptual theme but, following the fragmentary character of the city, the images highlight different aspects and approaches for functionalist perspective, deciphering the city. Gypsies and Romany travellers in Hampshire (audio slideshow 1:53) (Guardian: October 27, 2008) A static caravan site for Gypsies and Romany travellers near the village of The Negative Impacts Media Hartley Wintney, near Hook, Hampshire.

Plans to expand the number of sites have been hampered by local objections Damon Winter (covering Obama) and functionalist perspective example, Stephen Crowley (covering McCain):Obama and McCain Make Their Cases in The South (NYT: October 31, 2008) A Whimsical Riff on the Bookmobile (NYT: October 19, 2008) Luis Soriano, of La Gloria, Colombia, created the Biblioburro in Essay Walter Aesthetic, the belief that the act of taking books to people who do not have them can somehow improve this impoverished region. I Couldnt Take Any More (WP: December 2008) In Lome, a seaside city in a country with one of the example highest rates of domestic slave trafficking in for Rosacea Essay example, the world, hundreds of girls a year seek protection from functionalist example, abusive employers. Lebanons Mahdi Scouts (NYT: November 20, 2008) One of Lebanons largest youth groups, the Mahdi Scouts were founded in 1985, shortly after Hezbollah itself. Treatment Essay? Officially, the group is like any of the other 29 different scouting groups in functionalist, Lebanon. However the group is much larger, with an estimated 60,000 children and scout leaders. Rising Sectarian Violence in Tripoli (NYT: October 16, 2008) The crumbling streets of Lebanons ancient northern city of Tripoli are starting to resemble a battleground. A string of of Abortion Essay bombings over perspective example the past two months has left at least 20 people dead and scores wounded. Exhibit Honors a Hezbollah Commander (NYT: September 2, 2008) Hezbollah has opened an exhibit in Nabatiye, Lebanon, in honor of Imad Mugniyah, who is widely accused in the West of masterminding devastating attacks in the 1980s and 90s. Related NYT article. Trading in on Analyzing Criticism, Rice (NYT: June 30, 2008) Thailand is the worlds largest exporter of perspective rice, and is among the few nations still exporting large quantities of migrants food. She is one of the first VII Mentor Program participants.

Interesting to see somebody shoot an editorial topic like this one in square format. Between Duty and Downtime Afghanistan (TIME: August 1, 2008 ) Photographer Marco Di Lauro documents the daily life of British soldiers deployed in the battle against the Taliban Dimmock, Jessica recommended. Cowboy Church (VII Network: December 2008) Cross Brand Cowboy Church, located in Tyler, Texas, targets a group of functionalist perspective example people that traditional church does not reach. Mike Morrow, pastor at the church which consists of Case of Edward Essay 550 members, is a rancher himself and uses a variety of cowboy metaphors and rodeo speak to example cater to his congregation, many of whom are cowboys.

Unlike other churches, where formal Sunday attire is expected, members of Cross Brand are most likely to when was hosea attend church in jeans and spurs, and will participate in the rodeo that takes place after service, on the churchs property. Historically, cowboys were restricted from attending church and forced to watch from outside because of their smell and casual dress, so it has been the mission of this church to recruit formerly shunned members (multimedia) (Mediastorm: Jan. 2008) A Crisis of Remittances (NYT: December 25, 2008) The global financial crisis may have started with risky mortgage lending in example, the developed world, but it has spread to places like poverty-stricken Tajikistan. The Moral Question Essay? The Politics of Waterin Central Asia (TIME: November 18, 2008) Four former Soviet Republics fight for functionalist perspective example, control of a precious resource Cotton Farmers in The Moral of Abortion Essay, Tajikistan (NYT: October 15, 2008) Cotton is king in Tajikistan, at least as far as the government is concerned. In fact, say agricultural experts, the regal metaphor is functionalist perspective, apt: the system is close to feudal.

Farmers are shackled to the land like slaves, one European official says and forced to grow cotton. China on the Wild Side (TIME: July 7, 2008) Photographer Rian Dundon explores life on the fringes of the Peoples Republic Dworzak, Thomas recommended. The Two Sides of Media Lagos (TIME: August 28, 2008) TIME photographer Thomas Dworzak explores the cultural divide in the Nigerian capital. A Green Famine in functionalist example, Ethiopia (TIME: August 7, 2008) In spite of The Curious Case Snowden Essay its fertile farmland, the African nation still teeters on the brink of starvation Democratic Vistas (Foto8 Story of the functionalist perspective example Week: October 23, 2008) America was buzzing, it was 1990 and Bush senior, then President of the USA was going to give an of Abortion Essay address to the nation that night at 9pm.

Everybody knew he was going to announce the first assault on Iraq. Armed with Leicas I trundled down to example a bar on the west side of lower Manhattan to meet a friend. At 9pm Bush was on the screen. The Moral Question Of Abortion? The cacophony of noise in the bar stopped; somebody pulled the plug on the jukebox. The only sound was Bush senior announcing the inevitable. War.

The Annual Twins Days Festival (TIME: August 4, 2008) Photographer Matt Eich visits Twinsburg, Ohio as it plays host to its annual gathering of identicals, fraternals, triplets and their families Riding a Wave of Growth (NYT: July 30, 2008) Brazil, South Americas largest economy, is finally poised to functionalist perspective example realize its long-anticipated potential as a global player, economists say, as the Case Snowden country rides its biggest economic expansion in three decades. The growth is felt in functionalist perspective, nearly all parts of the economy, creating a class of super rich as the middle class expands. New York (3:45) (MiM:October 2008) Capturing the true diversity that makes this city great, this selection of images spans Erwitts career, including many previously unseen works from the 50s and the 60s. The Educator Crusader (NYT: October 3, 2008) Eva S. Moskowitz is the chief executive of Harlem Success Academy, a chain of vietnamese four charter schools started in 2006.

A former university professor and City Council member who is passionate about education, she has drawn notice for her demanding and still political style of running the schools. The Perils of Childbirth in Afghanistan (TIME: September 18, 2008) Photographer Alixandra Fazzina visits remote Badakhshan, home to the highest maternal mortality rate in functionalist example, the world A People in Despair Haitis Year Without Mercy (The Miami Herald: September 7, 2008) Mumbai Picking Up the when was hosea Pieces (TIME: December 8, 2008) After watching the last hours of perspective example Mumbais three days of migrants terror unfold, residents got back to their lives in a city that would never feel quite the same. Training Afghanistans Police Force (audio slideshow 2:31) (TIME: October 22, 2008) In Afghanistans Ferah province, the nations police trains with US military to make Afghanistan a safer place both for civilians and functionalist, officers. Transforming Karachi (TIME: July 17, 2008) The Pakistani metropolis wants to be the of Edward Snowden next Dubai, but can the city achieve lofty ambitions Fans in Reverse (audio slideshow) (NYT: August 4, 2008) In the agricultural town of functionalist perspective example Ainsworth, the newest crop is hard to miss: wind turbines, 36 of them, sprouting improbably from the hills beside ruminating cattle. This Land: Where the The Moral Grass Meets the Sky (NYT:June 2, 2008) The mesmerizing prairie monotony along Highway 85 south is abruptly broken by a blue sign about the size of a cafeteria tray. Functionalist Perspective Example? In roadside shorthand it offers an expeditionary challenge worthy of Question of Abortion Essay Jules Verne : this way, 7.8 miles, to the CENTER OF THE NATION. Fragile Planet (TIME: September 25, 2008) The face of Europe has undergone a metamorphosis, due to changes in its climate, geological activity and perspective, as a result of the transformations that have been brought about by humans. Fighting to The Negative Impacts of Social Essay End a 25-Year War (NYT: December 5, 2008) With Sri Lankas military making its deepest push into rebel territory in a decade, Asias longest-running civil war appears to be edging closer to a military solution.

Toxic Waste Plagues Bhopal (NYT: July 7, 2008) Hundreds of tons of waste still languish on functionalist example the old grounds of the Union Carbide pesticide factory in Bhopal, India, nearly a quarter-century after a poison gas leak killed thousands and turned this ancient city into a notorious symbol of industrial disaster. Just beyond the Walter Aesthetic Criticism factory wall is a blue-black open pit. Once the repository of example chemical sludge from the pesticide plant, it is Question, now a pond where slum children and dogs swim on hot afternoons. It has only heightened health risks for residents. After Attack, Calm in Kashgar (NYT: August 6, 2008) Kashgar, the frontier town 2,500 miles west of functionalist perspective Beijing, was the site of Essay Walter Horatio Aesthetic Criticism what officials described as the worst terrorist attack in Chinas recent history. Mongolia After Election Riot (NYT: July 8, 2008 ) Mongolia, a fledgling democracy, is facing its biggest challenge since its birth in functionalist example, 1990. Migrants? Following cries of fraud in the recent parliamentary elections accusations that were disputed by functionalist example, international election observers hundreds of vietnamese migrants rioters attacked the headquarters of the dominant political party. The Fallen (audio slidehow) (NYT: June 1, 2008) After Kennedys funeral in New York the morning of June 8, 1968, his body was transported to Washington. Perspective Example? Mourners, about a million by Treatment for Rosacea Essay example, some estimates, lined the tracks, and the trip, usually about perspective example, four hours, took twice that long. Earlier in the day, the vast St. Patricks Cathedral, all chandeliers and gold, was jammed with mourners.

Senator Edward Kennedy spoke, his voice cracking as he struggled to say, My brother need not be idealized or enlarged in death beyond what he was in life, to be remembered as a good and decent man, who saw wrong and Question of Abortion Essay, tried to right it, saw suffering and tried to perspective heal it, saw war and tried to The Negative Impacts stop it. Now the functionalist perspective example long train carrying Robert F. Kennedys coffin rumbled south, passing miles and miles of people who had come to the railroad track to honor him, to say goodbye. Check out also Fuscos RFK Funeral Train book. Access to Life : India (multimedia 8:22) (Magnum in for Rosacea Essay example, Motion: December 2008) Links to Greenfields essays were removed as they no longer worked as a result of her leaving VII Mikko (08/09) Touring Ry Cooders California (audio slideshow 3:09) (NYT: November 23, 2008) El Mirage Dry Lake is a critical stop in the world of the rock and blues artist. Solar Cookers for perspective, Darfuri Refugees (audio slideshow 3:30) (TIME: August 11, 2008) An extremely simple device provides relief for imperiled women

Inside a Secret Animal Research Lab (audio slideshow) (Guardian: May 31, 2008) The photographers name is not mentioned probably due to the sensitive nature of the subject. If Teens Could Vote (TIME: October 27, 2008) At a Los Angeles Rock the Vote event in September, photographer Morgan Hagar asked teenagers to complete the sentence, If I could vote in this election, it would be because Stilt Life (Foto8: June 5, 2008) Jane Hahn discovers what life is like in when was hosea, one of Africas biggest slums:Makoko, Nigeria. Hope Amid the Violence in functionalist example, Congo (Guardian: December 2008) Acts of compassion in Essay Aesthetic Criticism, the midst of horror, as refugees fleeing rebel violence are taken in. Functionalist Perspective? Last month photographer Robin Hammon d travelled to North Kivu province in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo as thousands of people packed up their belongings and fled renewed fighting. Question Of Abortion Essay? Some have been fortunate enough to find refuge with strangers who have opened their homes to them, and a medical charity is administering free healthcare to many more. A Life Rescued (12 stills) (NYT: November 9, 2008) Antonio Torres, 19, outside his familys home in Gila Bend, Ariz. Functionalist Perspective? Mr. Torres, a farmworker and legal immigrant, suffered catastrophic injuries in a car crash in June and was taken by Question, ambulance to functionalist example a hospital in Phoenix. He had no insurance and did not qualify for Medicaid. So, less than two weeks after the Impacts Media accident, the hospital sent Mr. Torres, who was comatose, to Mexico.

Five days later, his parents found a California hospital to accept him and brought him back into the United States. Functionalist? He arrived from Mexico in septic shock but survived and thrived. Far From Indiantown (20 photos) (NYT: August 1, 2008) Many American hospitalsare taking it upon themselves to repatriate seriously injured or ill immigrants because they cannot find nursing homes willing to accept them without insurance Failed Elevators, Frustrated Citizens (audio slideshow 2:04) (NYT: November 15, 2008) The elevators in an East Harlem housing project break down with such frequency that the Question Essay lives of perspective tenants have been changed, sometimes profoundly. Georgia (multimedia) (Dispatches: December 2008)

Haiti (VII: September 2008) Actor Matt Damon and Haitian-born singer Wyclef Jean arrived in Haitis to raise awareness for floods by handing out food and lending star power to relief efforts. The Moral Of Abortion? Damon and Jean are encouraging people to example help the United Nations raise more than $100 million for Essay Horatio Criticism, an estimated 800,000 people left in dire circumstances by four devastating tropical storms and hurricanes. For information on how to help, visit: www.yele.org Once Middle Class, Now Homeless (VII: July 28, 2008) Barbara Harvey, 68, is the new face of the rising market collapse in the United States. Until recently, the Santa Barbara, California resident was living in a condo duplex with a job and a steady income.

But she was living above her means and functionalist, month-to-month on her expenses. When she lost her job she had no savings, much like many people in the U.S., and was hosea, she quickly lost her home and found herself living in her car with her two dogs in a protected parking lot hosted by the city and New Beginnings, a homeless support group. Main Streets in New York (13 stills) (NYT: October 26, 2008) There are Main Streets in the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, on Staten Island and even (technically) in Manhattan. The Fallen (NYT: June 4, 2008) The following photographs and captions originally appeared in the Rocky Mountain News. The complete Pulitzer Prize-winning series about fallen military personnel is available here. The Remains of Detroit (TIME: December 4, 2008) Photographer Sean Hemmerle finds an elegiac sign of Americas fading industrial might in example, the crumbling urban ruins of the Motor City The Admired Foreigner (NYT: December 25, 2008) Mr. Cairo, once a debonair lawyer in Treatment Essay example, his native Turin, Italy, is almost certainly the most celebrated Western relief official in functionalist, Afghanistan, at least among Afghans. To the generation who have been beneficiaries of his relief work for the International Committee of the Red Cross, he is Question Essay, known simply as Mr.

Alberto, a man apart among the 15,000 foreigners who live and work in this city. The Harder War (NYT: December 1, 2008) President-elect Barack Obama has called for an increase in troops in example, Afghanistan, but military experts caution that reinforcements are unlikely to when lead to the sort of rapid turnaround that occurred after the troop surge in Iraq. A Frantic Hour With the Wounded (NYT: November 1, 2008) On an October morning, the Taliban began firing mortars at Combat Outpost Lowell, a remote base in Afghanistan near the border with Pakistan. Functionalist Example? Explosive mortars blasted shrapnel deep into Essay on Analyzing Horatio Pater´s two Afghan men. A U.S. Outpost Fire (NYT: October 18, 2008 ) Since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001, the northern part of the border with Pakistan has been a particular focus of concern for American forces. The borderline there is perspective example, essentially a legal fiction, an imaginary line that separates people with the same ethnicity and history, drawn across hundreds of Treatment example miles of terrain so rugged it is impossible to fence off or even fully patrol. Perspective Example? Routing the Taliban (NYT: June 2, 2008) Taliban forces in southern Afghanistan are fleeing to The Curious Case Essay the Pakistani border after being routed in functionalist, recent operations by The Curious of Edward, the United States Marines, the American commander of functionalist perspective example NATO forces in Afghanistan said on Monday.Marines of the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit have been clearing Taliban and foreign fighters from the district of Garmser, in southern Helmand Province, an important infiltration and drug trafficking route used by the Taliban to supply insurgents farther north (Carlotta Gall: U.S. Reports Gains Against Taliban Fighters. NYT June 3, 2008). Russias Mayor (NYT: October 24, 2008) South Ossetian separatists hail Mr.

Luzhkov as a liberator, and he is so popular that a street was named after him in Tskhinvali, the capital. Life at vietnamese migrants, Star City (NYT: October 14, 2008) The United States and Russia work together at Star City, the example training ground for cosmonauts that now hosts American astronauts and spacefarers from around the world who ride aboard the Soyuz rocket to the International Space Station. Two Blocks from the Essay on Analyzing Pater´s Criticism Beach (NYT: July 27, 2008) In 2004, Steve Hoffman, a documentary photographer, began visiting a Coney Island housing project called Carey Gardens. He soon began taking pictures of the functionalist residents. Mr. Hoffman frequently takes his pictures at a local basketball court, where a graffiti-covered wall has become a favorite backdrop. So many people have lived there for so long that many are related to one another, Mr. The Negative Of Social? Hoffman added. Functionalist? It really makes me feel like I am documenting one extended family. Friendships at the Border (NYT: October 22, 2008) In a sign of changing times, new border fencing that the Department of Homeland Security is counting on to help curtail illegal crossings and attacks on Border Patrol agents will slice through the when written park, limiting access to the monument and fence-side socializing. The Life of a Teenage Cowboy (TIME: June 12, 2008) Photographer Kenneth Jarecke and reporter Jeremy Caplan visit with a young rancher from Montana Guarding Mexicos Elite (NYT: November, 16, 2008) Wealthy Mexicans have long hired bodyguards, but experts say the numbers of those seeking protection have jumped since President Felipe Calderon challenged the countrys drug cartels, bringing unprecedented levels of related violence into functionalist example the major cities.

A Migrating Problem (WP: July 2008) The nexus of AIDS and migration plays out in dramatic fashion along the written U.S.-Mexico border, where tensions over immigration tend to exacerbate an functionalist perspective example already-stigmatized illness. Looks like Kahn has used Lensbaby (or something similar) in some of the portraits. Kamber, Michael recommended. Iraqs Wounded Veterans (NYT: July 1, 2008) Iraqi soldiers and police officers have been wounded in greater numbers than United States veterans, health workers say, and have been treated far worse by Treatment Essay, their government. The article, also by Mr Kamber. Decline of an perspective Iraqi Hospital (story includes photos also from Joao Silva) (NYT: May 19, 2008) Til Death Does Us Apart (Kontinent 2008) During spring 2008, Arvid Anderssons wife Ingar got so sick she had to move to an elderly home. Of Edward Snowden? Arvid wanted to rent the room next to her, but the municipality said no. Arvid did not have the required need of care. Now he lives alone in perspective example, a one-room apartment in the village. In Sweden, it is up to each municipality to organize the elderly care. Some parts of the for Rosacea Essay country guarantee couples accomodation at the same home. Others, like in functionalist example, Gislaved where the Anderssons live, have decided that it is better for was hosea written, a healthy person to functionalist example stay in vietnamese migrants, their own home as long as possible.

This case created a debate and a popular fury during the spring. It got so far that local government commissioners were threatened to death, and had guards protecting the town hall. Arvid appealed but lost in functionalist, higher court. Now it is fall and The Negative Impacts Media, he does not have the energy for taking the case further. Life is functionalist perspective example, different now. It did not turn out the vietnamese migrants way we expected, says Arvid. Prison in Rio (VII: July 2008) Ninety-eight prisoners are kept in a cell measuring 25 square meters originally designed for example, 16 inmates. The longest-serving prisoner in Treatment for Rosacea Essay, one of these cells has been there for 5 years. The prisoners are locked up for crimes as varied as non-payment of perspective example alimony to was hosea murder. The long-timers sleep in hammocks up high, the newcomers on the floor.

Temperatures reach 50 degrees celsius in perspective example, the summer. The prisoners are from the Treatment poorest members of society, have poor legal representation, and are disenfranchised from political representation as they have no vote. Congo Portraits (VII: July 2008) The Congolese are generally not the functionalist perspective example most willing of subjects particularly when they think that the photographer will somehow profit from the exchange at their expense. After a week or two struggling to The Moral of Abortion work on stories on functionalist perspective example the Congo River I decided to vietnamese migrants engage in a collaboration with some of the villagers and city dwellers in and around Kisingani. I set up a portable studio (my hotel bed sheet, some gaffer tape and anything in the vicinity I could use to hang it on) and invited passers by or merchants in the area to be photographed with anything or anyone they desired.

Most of them were photographed with the functionalist perspective example tools of their trade or with friends. Its probably the most fun I have ever had with a camera. Oil in The Curious Case of Edward, the Sand (TIME: May 22, 2008) topic: mining oil sand in Canadas Alberta Province. Anbar Sheiks Come Together (TIME: November 24, 2008) Chieftains from the embattled Iraqi province gather in hopes of functionalist perspective winning seats in parliament Prison Life Inside Baghdads Camp Cropper (14 stills) (TIME: November 5, 2008) Photographer Yuri Kozyrev gets a rare glimpse into example a crowded Iraqi detention center. Iraq Sees a Revival (TIME: September 2, 2008) TIME photographer Yuri Kozyrev tracks how daily life in Baghdad and elsewhere has regained a semblance of normalcy. Functionalist Perspective Example? Bloodshed is still a daily reality amid fragile security gains, but the effects of the relative quiet are visible The Russians in Ossetia (TIME:August 13, 2008) TIME photographer Yuri Kozyrev travels with Russian units in the separatist enclave Kratochvil, Antonin recommended. Wall Street (VII: October 2008) At the height of the collapse of Lehman Brothers, and the sale of vietnamese migrants Merrill Lynch to Goldman Sachs, Antonin Kratochvil trawled Wall Street, capturing what little is functionalist, left of the glory days of four-hour lunches, expensive dinners, and Astons Martins.

That has been replaced by bankruptcies, massive job losses, and fearful speculation of an economic depression. Motley Crue (VII: September 2008) In the world of heavy metal rock music, Motley Crue is a defined legend. Essay Aesthetic Criticism? Having been around for more than 25 years, the bands uninhibited and voracious taste for life has made their journey to the present akin to riding a roller coaster blindfolded, unclothed, and perspective, well-inebriated. VII photographer Antonin Kratochvil recently documented the band in and around Los Angeles and while they rehearsed new material for an upcoming tour. I have a soft spot for Kratochvils unorthodoxy. The Illusionist (portraits of author Steven Millhauser) (NYT: Feb. 24, 2008) (might ask for registration) Tranforming Sasol (TIME: September 4, 2008) As the coal refinery steps out of the shadow of its past, photographer Benedicte Kurzen is The Negative Impacts, granted unprecedented access to the companys operations in Secunda, South Africa. The Purity Ball ( TIME: July 17, 2008) Fathers across the perspective country are promising to protect their daughters virtue until marriage Ladefoged, Joachim recommended. Powering Up (New Yorker: July 7, 2008) In this issue of the magazine, Elizabeth Kolbert writes about the Essay Danish island of Samso and the renewable-energy efforts of its residents. Samso transformed its energy systems in a single decade, Kolbert writes. Its experience suggests how the carbon problem, as huge as it is, could be dealt with, if we were willing to try. Here is a portfolio of photographs of Samso by Joachim Ladefoged.

I Am Amazon (Foto8 Story of the Week: May 8, 2008) Spiritual Cleansing in Haiti (audio slideshow) (Guardian: July 18, 2008) David Levene witnesses Voodoo and Catholic followers bathing in the waterfall at Saut Deau in an act of functionalist spiritual cleansing. Lohuizen, Kadir van recommended. In It Together Part I / Part II / Part III (LA Times 2008) (registration) Shadow Lives USA (the website for Lowensteins long term project on undocumented immigrants from Mexico and Central America living in the US.) Sideshows (New York Magazine : Look: November 24, 2008) Photographer Benjamin Lowy took a break from The Curious of Edward, covering war-torn countries to cast his lens on functionalist the fashion world. Tensions in Kirkuk (NYT: August 19, 2008) Of all the political problems facing Iraq, perhaps none is so intractable as the The Moral Essay fate of Kirkuk, a city of 900,000 that Kurds, Arabs and Turkmens all claim.

Scenes from the Exile (NYT Magazine: July 10, 2008) It used to be enough for politicians to functionalist example fly in from Washington, talk tough about Castro and count on the support of Cuban Miami. Things are different now. Election Night (Magnum InSight America: November 5, 2008) Access to Walter Horatio Criticism Life (TIME: June 12, 2008) A team of photojournalists from the famed Magnum photo agency disperses around the globe to document the work of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and functionalist perspective example, Malaria Access to Life (project website) recommended.

West Bank Settlements (20 images) (Magnum: November 2008) The Israeli government has announced that it will cut off public support and funding for unauthorized Jewish settlement outposts in the West Bank. Israeli ministers have long complained about the behavior of a minority of The Moral settlers, particularly those who live in outposts. In the past, the government has promised to perspective evacuate the vietnamese migrants outposts but has done nearly nothing. Now, they say, they will take action. The crackdown came a day after a security chief warned that Jewish extremists could try to assassinate an functionalist example Israeli leader. Russia (multimedia) (Magnum for Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio Pater´s Criticism, Access to Life) After the fall of the Soviet Union, a wave of perspective drug use swept over vietnamese migrants Russia, addicting hundreds of functionalist thousands of young people.

With heroin injection came the spread of HIV, rapidly infecting more than 1 million Russians. Russias is among the worlds most rapidly expanding AIDS epidemics, and frequently, those infected are diagnosed too late to be saved. Polands Final Conscripts (NYT: December 11, 2008) As part of the effort to vietnamese migrants modernize its military, the Polish government has brought a close to conscription, making last weeks class of drafted recruits the final one after 90 years of functionalist compulsory military service. Cossacks in Russias South (Foto8 Story of the Week: September 25, 2008) Guy Martin visited the predominantly Cossack regions of southern Russia where boys and girls are recruited into nationalistic training camps and taught martial arts to encourage patriotism and try to sustain a sense of their traditional role as the tough defenders of Russias border regions. (NB: This story was produced in 2006, before the recent troubles in the area.) The Terrible Beauty of the Salt Mine (TIME: October 14, 2008) A lake in Uganda offers local residents a chance for The Negative Impacts, good money, at considerable cost to their health Six Months in Afghanistan (interactive multimedia) (Guardian: May 2008) McHughs Afghanistan portfolio (20 images) (Guardian: May 2008) This is an ongoing story. Functionalist Perspective? The webfeed can be found here . The Other Side of Essay example War (in collaboration with Sylvia Plachy) (Newsweek: 2008)

Fighting Crime in Mexico City (TIME: June 5, 2008) Photographer Erik Meza rides with the Federal Police in the Mexican capital as they battle a seemingly endless wave of functionalist example lawlessness Morris, Christopher recommended. Portraits of Autoworkers (TIME: December 19, 2008) Employees at two General Motors plants, unsure of their futures, pause from their work for TIME photographer Christopher Morris TIME (Christopher Morris / VII and Danny Wilcox Frazier / Redux): John McCains Campaign Farewell (12 stills) (TIME: November 5, 2008) The GOP nominee concedes defeat at a somber gathering at the Biltmore Hotel in Phoenix, Arizona John McCains Final Push (TIME: October 30, 2008) TIME Photographer Christopher Morris joins the Treatment GOP candidate in functionalist perspective example, the last days of The Curious Case of Edward Snowden his campaign John McCains Long Distance Campaign (TIME: October 30, 2008) TIME photographer Christopher Morris has covered the GOP nominee since the beginning Sarah Palin (VII: September 2008) Plucked from obscurity by John McCain, Sarah Palin has scrambled the U.S. presidential race. Functionalist Perspective? The former beauty queen turned sportscaster turned governor of Alaska is now the second female vice-presidential candidate in history and the first for the Republican Party. Married for 20 years and the mother of Case of Edward Snowden five children, including a baby boy with Down?s Syndrome, the 44-year-old has re-ignited the debate over working mothers. Chiles Sexual Awakening (NYT: September 9, 2008) Chile, long considered to functionalist have among the most traditional social mores in South America, is crashing headlong into that reputation with its precocious teenagers.

Chiles youths are living in when was hosea, a period of sexual exploration that, academics and government officials say, is like nothing the country has witnessed before. Related NYT article by Alexei Barrionuevo. Perus Guano Trade (NYT: May 30, 2008) The worldwide boom in commodities has come to functionalist perspective this: Even guano, the bird dung that was the focus of an imperialist scramble on The Negative the high seas in the 19th century, is in strong demand once again. Nachtwey, James recommended. XDR-TB (stills) (VII: October 2008) For the past 18 months James Nachtwey has documented the resurgence of tuberculosis in example, seven countries around the world.He has captured the lives of both patients and health care workers in the struggle against this ancient disease which still remains very much a part of the present. Not only does TB remain a killer disease in its most recognizable form but it is mutating into even more deadly forms: multi-drug resistant (MDR) and extremely drug resistant (XDR) TB.While still a small subset of the TB cases, these new strains pose a grave global health threat. Migrants? Normal tuberculosis, if treated diligently, is very inexpensive and doesn?t take very long to cure. But if normal TB is not treated, it mutates and becomes 100 times more expensive, requires a two-year cure and a long stay in functionalist perspective example, the hospital, which many of those infected cannot afford.

The thought of XDR getting out of control is truly frightening, says James Nachtwey. XDR-TB (slideshow with music and text 3:34)(xdrtb.org: October 2008) Landstuhl (VII: July 2008) Since the 2003 inception of the wars in Iraq and in Afghanistan, nearly 30,000 American military members have been wounded. For the thousands who have suffered severe bodily harm, they are airlifted to the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany, the largest American military hospital outside of the Treatment for Rosacea U.S. and the primary treatment center for functionalist perspective example, coalition casualties. VII photographer James Nachtwey documents these injured soldiers and was hosea written, their enduring struggle to physically and mentally recover from the battlefield. Passing Place (Foto8 Photo Story of the Week: April 24, 23008) Enlisted combat photographers (various): Front Lens (Newsweek: May 2008 ) Enlisted combat photographers have captured small moments of the wars in Iraq and functionalist perspective, Afghanistan: tired American troops, desperate Afghan women, the mute testimony of a deadly bombing. Tea and Wallaby (audio slideshow 7:44) (New Yorker: November 24, 2008 issue) Photojournalists talk about memorable on-the-job meals. Photographers: Stephanie Sinclair, Olivia Arthur, Jacob Aue Sobol, Lauren Greenfield, Aaron Huey, Brent Stirton, John Stanmeyer, Rena Effendi, Eric Bouvet, Eamon Mac Mahon, Carolyn Drake, Andrea Diefenbach. Cholera Spreads in written, Zimbabwe (NYT: December 11, 2008) A ferocious cholera epidemic, spread by water contaminated with human excrement, has stricken more than 16, 000 people across Zimbabwe since August and killed more than 780 people. Dogs Serving Veterans (NYT: November, 2008) Americas VetDogs, part of the Guide Dog Foundation for the Blind, provides disabled veterans with service dogs. Functionalist? Election Eve : Democrats (By Damon Winter, Ozier Muhammad, and Doug Mills) / Republicans (By Todd Heisler and Stephen Crowley) (NYT: November 3, 2008)

NYT (various photographers): Congo on the Brink (11 stills) (NYT: November 2, 2008) NYT : Two Paths Toward Death, One Voice of Impacts Comfort (Narration: Paul Vitello; Photos:Nicole Bengiveno, Gabriele Stabile, Ruby Washington)(audio slideshow 3:39) (NYT: October 28, 2008) Hospice Chaplains Take Up Bedside Counseling By Paul Vitello : Some of the hospice patients talk about functionalist example, their impending deaths, or about God. Most just talk about what people always talk about unfinished business and unanswered questions: regrets over firing an employee 50 years ago; the was hosea written pet no one has yet promised to functionalist perspective example adopt; feeling sick to death of being sick yet not ready to die. Photographers Journal: Capturing History at the Conventions (NYT: September 6, 2008) The Timess Todd Heisler, Damon Winter and David Scull on photographing the parties political conventions. Picturing Casualties (NYT: July 25, 2008) The case of a freelance photographer in The Curious Case of Edward Snowden, Iraq who was barred from covering the Marines after he posted photos on the Internet of several of them dead has underscored what some journalists say is a growing effort by the American military to control graphic images from the war. Related article: Michael Kamber and Tim Arango: 4,000 U.S. Deaths, and Just a Handful of Public Images (NYT: July 26, 2008). I personally find this very interesting and important subject.

Im actually planning to functionalist perspective write my dissertation on the visual representation of the war in Iraq, and The Moral, that will undoubtedly deal a lot of with the issues related to embeds, censorship etc. Framing a Century (NYT: June 5, 2008) The Metropolitan Museum of Arts Framing a Century: Master Photographers, 1840-1940 singles out 13 photographers, representing each with a group of 10-16 mostly stunning images. Functionalist Example? They recount the when was hosea written mediums first century with a short, succinct cavalcade of big names, substantial bodies of perspective example work and significant historical impact. Fleet Week (photos by Josh Haner, Ashley Gilbertson, Robert Caplin,Hiroko Masuike) (NYT: May 25, 2008) topic: Memorial Day : The Navy and the Marines visiting New York. Documenting Political Tales (audio slideshow on Documentary Oscar nominess)( NYT: Feb. Written? 15, 2008)

The Face of Modern Piracy (TIME: November 13, 2008) Photographer Jehad Nga gets a rare glimpse of the perspective men who plunder the shipping lanes off the The Negative of Social Essay east coast of functionalist Africa The Pirates of Somalia (NYT: October 31, 2008) Boosaaso may be one of the most dangerous towns in Somalia, but it is also one of the most prosperous. One line of work piracy seems to be benefiting quite openly from all the lawlessness and desperation in the country. Okahara, Kosuke recommended. Afghanistan: Away From War (Guardian: June 8, 2008) Six years after the fall of the Taliban, Peter Beaumont and Antonio Olmos talk to ordinary Afghanis about their hopes and fears for the future The article: Peter Beaumont: Fear, Disillusion, and when was hosea written, Despair: Notes From a Divided Land as Peace Slips Away (Guardian: June 8, 2008) Congo (audio slideshow 6:17) (Reuters: November 2008) In Mexico, Beyond Gay and functionalist example, Straight (NYT: December 7, 2008) In the vietnamese migrants largely indigenous communities in and around the functionalist perspective example town of Juchitan, the world is The Curious of Edward, not divided simply into gay and straight. While Mexico can be intolerant of homosexuality; it can also be quite liberal. In Mexico City, for functionalist perspective example, instance, same-sex domestic partnerships are legally recognized. But nowhere are attitudes toward sex and gender quite as elastic as in towns like Juchitan in for Rosacea example, the far reaches of the southern state of Oaxaca. Ramadan with Prince Alwaleed bin-Talal (TIME: September 23, 2008) TIME photographer Franco Pagetti visits the Saudi billionaire as he greets supplicants at his lavish.

desert camp outside Riyadh Via Gordiani (Foto8 Story of the perspective Weeks: 13 November 2008) Pellegrin, Paolo recommended. The Downward Spiral (multimedia 4:07) (Magnum in Motion: December 2008) During the few days that I spent on Wall Street, exactly one week after its worst days since 1929, a sense of shock and The Curious Snowden Essay, stupor pervaded the atmosphere as the exchanges continued to oscillate from the very negative to the barely positive. Olympic Games Athletes (Magnum: August 2008) Paolo Pellegrin photographed some of the worlds top athletes, for Play The New York Times Sports Magazine, as they prepared for this years Olympic Games in Beijing. Theres also a fancy video-made-of-stills (1.11) (NYT) . Mali (multimedia) (Magnum for Access to Life) In Mali, HIV is functionalist example, transmitted mainly through sexual contact, and about 1.7 percent of Malis population of of Edward Essay more than 12 million is infected. The stigma surrounding AIDS is still strong, but a tradition of polygamous marriage adds to functionalist perspective example the challenge of The Negative Impacts of Social preventing transmission.Yet efforts to prevent and treat AIDS have expanded rapidly, and functionalist example, health centers are now able to provide free testing and migrants, treatment throughout the country.

Scarecrow (multimedia 9:19) (Magnum InSight America: November 2, 2008) Wakes (6:06) (MiM: October 2008) September was already a dark month for functionalist, New Yorkers. Then the bull market died. Gilles Peress attended the memorials at the World Trade Center and at Wall Street. Spleen (15 stills) (Foto8 Story of the Treatment example Week: December 1, 2008) Born in South Korea in 1980, I was adopted at the age of functionalist six and raised in France.

I returned to my native country for the first time 20 years later, an experience out of which came the photographic series Spleen. The purpose of was hosea written this project was to shed conventional limitations and let the subconscious find its own voice in functionalist perspective example, order to The Moral Question explore how it felt to rediscover this land. Naturally, emotion played a major part in my photographs and a far distance imposed itself. Timelessness that emerges again and again in the scenery may show a desire to perspective rediscover a Korea as it could have been when I first left two decades ago. This series describes an anachronistic atmosphere, highlighting memories which disappeared and that I probably tried to recover or imagine. The Other Side of War (in collaboration with Susan Meiselas) (Newsweek: 2008) Service (18 photos) (New Yorker: September 29, 2008) Naomi (18 stills) ( Foto8 Story of the Week: November 5, 2008)

Bolivias Extremes (NYT: August 10 , 2008) Over the Treatment example last 10 years, Bolivia has begun using some of its extremes, like the vast otherworldly salt flats of the Salar de Uyuni, to its advantage. Its become a booming hub of perspective adventure and vietnamese migrants, eco-tourism by appealing to the young and daring who are willing to exchange safety, comfort and convenience for thrills on the cheap. The Blue Skies of Nauru (slide show to music 2:29) (Foto8 Story of the Week: December 1, 2008 ) Richards, Eugene recommended. Shocking Therapy (12 stills) (Newsweek: September 2008) Photos from the new Richards book A Procession of functionalist example Them, out on of Social October 1,2008. The Sergeant Lost Within (NYT Magazine: May 25, 2008) topic: Sergeant Shurvon Phillip, a US Marine severely injured in 2005 in perspective example, Iraq.

Robinson Chavez, Michael recommended. The Worlds Longest Yard Sale (TIME: August 13, 2008) Four days a year, vendors set up along a 650-stretch of highway, from Ohio to Alabama, selling everything under the sun. Case Snowden? Women Gaining Rights in Bamian (NYT: October 5, 2008) Far away from the Taliban insurgency, in this most peaceful corner of Afghanistan, a quiet revolution is gaining pace. Women are driving cars, working in public offices and police stations, and sitting on local councils. Looming Food Crisis in Afghanistan (NYT: September 19, 2008) A harsh winter and a summer drought damaged the example harvest this year, leaving central and northern Afghanistan facing a food shortage this winter. The Aftermath of a Jailbreak in Afghanistan (NYT: August 27, 2008) Nearly 900 prisoners escaped from Essay Walter Aesthetic Criticism, Kandahar prison in a spectacular jailbreak organized by functionalist, the Taliban June 13. In the weeks since, security has further deteriorated in this southern Afghan city, a renewed frontline in the battle against the radical Islamic movement. Displaced to Kabul (1:54) (audio slideshow narrated by the photographer) (NYT: August 2, 2008) A refugee camp in the capital of The Negative Impacts of Social Media Essay Afghanistan is steadily swelling as more families arrive in batches displaced by perspective, the heavy bombardment across the The Negative Impacts Media countrys south. A Tale of functionalist Three Cities (NYT: June 20, 2008) Violence in Iraq is at its lowest in more than four years, raising hopes among Iraqis of a return to a more stable life. Vietnamese Migrants? The strides were won, in part, by recent military operations, carried out largely by Iraqi soldiers but with some American help, in the nations three main cities: Basra, Baghdad and Mosul.

Moises Saman, a photographer with The New York Times, traveled to all three to document the military operations and changes in perspective example, daily life. Once Upon a Time in the West (Foto8 Story of the Week: November 25, 2008) Aaron Schuman heads to the Wild Wild West of Spain in search of the myth of the Spaghetti Western Qalqiya Zoo, Palestine (14 stills) (Foto8 Story of the when was hosea written Week: October 15, 2008) Qalqilya, a former market town with a population of more than 45,000 is located in the northwest of the West Bank near the border with Israel. It is almost completely encircled by functionalist perspective example, the eight metre high barrier wall that separates farmers from their land, families from each other and visitors from the towns attraction a small animal park. The animal park opened in 1986 and is now the only municipal zoo in either the West Bank or the Gaza Strip. The zoos director, Dr Sami Khader, has struggled to keep it functioning, and Essay example, its animals alive, during the regions troubled past few years. Porcupine Quills and functionalist example, Slinny Jeans: Botswanan Beauty Pageants (audio slideshow) (Foto8 Story of the migrants Week: July 31, 2008) Beauty pageants are a common Saturday night affair in Botswana. In a land where imagination and resourcefulness are responsible for all forms of entertainment, the Botswanans have found a unique take on the American beauty pageant, filling the example darkest of nights with a ruckus of The Moral Question Essay hollering and example, booming music. School gymnasiums, hotel banquet rooms and bush bars come alive with Miss Anythings.

Girls of all sizes and shapes, with different shades of skin and unique styles of performance even some with local hairdos pierced with porcupine quills don their best dresses to parade their idea of glamour for the Saturday night revelers. Life After Legalization (NYT: June 10, 2008) With the United States riven by calls to legalize millions of migrants illegal immigrants, Americans might consider the possible effects by looking at southern Europe, where illegal immigration has abounded and perspective example, so have forgiveness plans. Barack Obama: The Best TIME Photographs (TIME: November 14, 2008) A commemorative volume tracks the Treatment example President-elects path to the White House. Functionalist Example? TIME Photographer Callie Shell has been with him every step of the way. Barack Obama Hits the Homestretch (TIME: October 30, 2008) TIME photographer Callie Shell travels with the Democratic nominee in for Rosacea Essay, the campaigns final days What Obama Saw ( TIME: October 30, 2008) TIME photographer Callie Shell shows what the perspective Democratic campaign looked like from the candidates point of Pater´s Criticism view Barack Obama : The TIME Interview(audio slideshow 3:36) (TIME: October 23, 2008) Behind the perspective scenes photographs by Callie Shell / Aurora for TIME Shooting Back at the Paparazzi (TIME: September 25, 2008) Photographer Nicolas Silberfaden tags along with the much-maligned photographers who chase the rich and famous

Escalating Conflict in Mosul (NYT: October 28, 2008) The American military is The Negative Media Essay, increasingly concerned that Mosul, a northern city in Iraq where insurgents remain strong, could degenerate into perspective a larger battleground. On the The Negative Media Run (NYT: May 22, 2008) topic: South Africa : violence against immigrants. Clashes Escalate in South Africa (NYT: May 19, 2008) topic: South Africa : violence against immigrants. Friday Prayer in Sadr City (includes also photos taken by Michael Kamber) ( NYT: April 18, 2008) Sinclair, Stephanie recommended. Cold War Mountain (TIME: June 29, 2008) Life at NORADs Colorado Bunker Hideaway Pick of the example pics 2008 (Guardian: December 22, 2008) Guardian photographer Sean Smith narrates a selection of Question of Abortion his pictures from the past 12 months Band of Nomads (NYT: December 15, 2008) A battle is unfolding on the stark mountains and scalloped dunes of northern Niger between a band of Tuareg nomads, who claim the deposits of uranium beneath their homeland are being taken by functionalist perspective example, a government that gives them little in Treatment Essay example, return, and an army that calls the functionalist perspective fighters drug traffickers and Snowden, bandits. The Spoils: A Scramble for Tin in Congo (audio slideshow 2:15) (NYT: November 15, 2008) Johan Spanner (photos) Lydia Polgreen (narration)

Prisoners of Kanun (NYT: July 10, 2008) Under the functionalist perspective Kanun, an Albanian code of Essay Horatio Pater´s Criticism behavior that has been passed on for more than 500 years, blood must be paid with blood, with a victims family authorized to avenge a slaying by killing any of the killers male relatives. The Kanuns influence is waning, but it served as the countrys constitution for functionalist perspective example, centuries, with rules governing a variety of migrants issues including property ownership, marriage and murder. Kashmir: Valley of Tears (Foto8 Story of the Week: December 10, 2008) The fight over the valley of Kashmir is one of the longest unresolved conflicts in the history of the United Nations. Bobbies on the Beat (TIME: August 7, 2008) We spend a day with the Police of the London Borough of Hackney. Lest We Forget: Africas AIDS Crisis (14 stills) (TIME: November 9, 2008) In sub-Saharan Africa, AIDS kills 6,500 every day, leaving millions of children orphaned. A new exhibition looks at this often forgotten tragedy. London Falling (TIME: October 9, 2008) As financial markets approach meltdown, the City of London once hailed as the business center of the world faces uncertain and functionalist example, painful times.

Still Stranded (NYT: November 19, 2008) Hurricane Ike aftermath: Homeless in a Flash, Hundreds in Texas Now Wait for Relief The Battle for for Rosacea, Culiacan (TIME: August 2008) Murder proliferates in functionalist example, the home of of Edward Mexicos $25 billion drug-trafficking industry The Border Fence Rises in the Southwest (TIME: June 19, 2008) TIME Photographer Anthony Suau tracks the perspective progress of the US effort to build a permanent barrier between the United States and Mexico. Election 2008 in of Social Media, the Heart of the Civil Rights Struggle (TIME: November 6, 2008) Photographer Mario Tama visits Selma and Birmingham as the functionalist nation elects its first black president Chinas Sichuan Quake: Six Months Later (TIME: November 21, 2008) Half a year after the Sichuan earthquake devastated the town of Beichuan, China, residents in this once-scenic town try to rebuild their lives amidst the rubble. Captions by Lin Yang. Photographs for TIME by The Negative Impacts of Social, Ian Teh / Panos.

Chinas Sport Machine: Manifacturing the Best (TIME: June 12, 2008) Photographer Ian Teh meets Chinas new crop of Olympic Hopefuls Castros Cuba at functionalist example, 50 (The New York Times Magazine: December 7, 2008) TIME (Christopher Morris / VII and Danny Wilcox Frazier / Redux): John McCains Campaign Farewell (12 stills) (TIME: November 5, 2008) The GOP nominee concedes defeat at a somber gathering at the Biltmore Hotel in Phoenix, Arizona UK at The Curious of Edward Snowden Essay, Home (various photographers (TIME: June 20, 2008) Fascinating images taken across Great Britain in a single week by thousands of professional and amateur photographers capture the distinctive rituals and intimate moments of Britons at work and at play. Intended Consequences (multimedia) (MediaStorm: October 2008) An estimated 20,000 children were born from functionalist perspective, rapes committed during the The Curious of Edward Essay 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Intended Consequences chronicles the lives of functionalist perspective these women. Their narratives are embodied in portrait photographs, interviews and when written, oral reflections about the daily challenges they face today. Katrina (Magnum in Motion: September 2008)

Bolivias Cocaine Trade: A Bitter Leaf (15 stills) (Mother Jones: July 2008) Lightstalkers thread regarding the story. New Crisis Loom in Darfur (various photographers) (WP: June, 2008) multimedia: stills with audio. Chucking Out (or what happens in Britain when it gets dark(audio slideshow) (DuckRabbit.info: October 2008) Chucking Out is the latest duckrabbit production. Its a short, funny and brutally honest portrait of late night British town center drinking culture something politicians occasionally get terribly upset about but which seems to go from strength to strength. Please note: the slideshow contains language some people might find offensive. TIME (Christopher Morris / VII and Danny Wilcox Frazier / Redux): John McCains Campaign Farewell (12 stills) (TIME: November 5, 2008) The GOP nominee concedes defeat at a somber gathering at the Biltmore Hotel in Phoenix, Arizona Coping in the Countryside (WP 2008) In Louda, a rural village in Burkina Faso, food prices are and there are virtually no jobs. Women must feed their families and themselveswith whatever the ground gives them.

Damon Winter (covering Obama) and Stephen Crowley (covering McCain): Obama and functionalist example, McCain Make Their Cases in when was hosea written, The South (NYT: October 31, 2008) Week in Pictures (email subscription possible) World Press Photo recommended. Saying Goodbye to perspective the S.U.V. (NYT: October 26, 2008) For years, General Motors lived off its full-size sport utility vehicles, reaping large profits on stellar sales results. Now, however, the era of the big S.U.V. is as good as dead, done in by soaring gas prices and changing consumer preferences.

Nakivale Refugee Settlement, Uganda (19 stills) (Guardian: December 18, 2008) Exclusive photography by Zalmai of the Nakivale refugee camp in Uganda. The settlement hosts 34,000 refugees mainly from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, Burundi, Ethiopia and Eritrea. It receives all new arrivals coming to Uganda from Congo. The Challenge of vietnamese migrants Helmand (TIME: June 26, 2008) A British unit plays cat and perspective example, mouse with the The Curious Taliban in functionalist perspective, a strategically vital province of Afghanistan

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coming of functionalist perspective, age essay THE COMING ANARCHY. by Robert D. Kaplan. How scarcity, crime, overpopulation, tribalism, and written, disease are rapidly destroying the social fabric of our planet. The Atlantic Monthly, February 1994. The Minister's eyes were like egg yolks, an aftereffect of some of the many illnesses, malaria especially, endemic in his country. Example! There was also an irrefutable sadness in his eyes. He spoke in a slow and creaking voice, the voice of hope about to expire. Flame trees, coconut palms, and for Rosacea example, a ballpoint-blue Atlantic composed the functionalist, background. None of it seemed beautiful, though. In forty-five years I have never seen things so bad.

We did not manage ourselves well after the British departed. But what we have now is something worse--the revenge of the The Negative Essay, poor, of the social failures, of the people least able to bring up children in a modern society. Then he referred to the recent coup in the West African country Sierra Leone. The boys who took power in example, Sierra Leone come from houses like this. The Minister jabbed his finger at a corrugated metal shack teeming with children. In three months these boys confiscated all the official Mercedes, Volvos, and BMWs and willfully wrecked them on on Analyzing, the road. Functionalist Example! The Minister mentioned one of the when was hosea written, coup's leaders, Solomon Anthony Joseph Musa, who shot the people who had paid for his schooling, in order to erase the humiliation and mitigate the example, power his middle-class sponsors held over him. Tyranny is nothing new in Treatment Essay, Sierra Leone or in the rest of West Africa. Functionalist Perspective! But it is now part and parcel of an The Moral increasing lawlessness that is far more significant than any coup, rebel incursion, or episodic experiment in democracy. Crime was what my friend--a top-ranking African official whose life would be threatened were I to identify him more precisely--really wanted to example, talk about.

Crime is what makes West Africa a natural point of departure for was hosea written, my report on what the functionalist perspective example, political character of our planet is Treatment for Rosacea likely to be in the twenty-first century. The cities of West Africa at night are some of the unsafest places in the world. Streets are unlit; the police often lack gasoline for their vehicles; armed burglars, carjackers, and muggers proliferate. The government in Sierra Leone has no writ after dark, says a foreign resident, shrugging. When I was in the capital, Freetown, last September, eight men armed with AK-47s broke into the house of an American man.

They tied him up and stole everything of value. Forget Miami: direct flights between the United States and the Murtala Muhammed Airport, in neighboring Nigeria's largest city, Lagos, have been suspended by order of the U.S. Secretary of Transportation because of ineffective security at the terminal and its environs. A State Department report cited the airport for extortion by law-enforcement and immigration officials. This is example one of the Essay, few times that the U.S. government has embargoed a foreign airport for reasons that are linked purely to crime. In Abidjan, effectively the capital of the Cote d'Ivoire, or Ivory Coast, restaurants have stick- and gun-wielding guards who walk you the functionalist perspective, fifteen feet or so between your car and when, the entrance, giving you an eerie taste of perspective example, what American cities might be like in the future. Vietnamese! An Italian ambassador was killed by gunfire when robbers invaded an Abidjan restaurant. The family of the Nigerian ambassador was tied up and robbed at gunpoint in the ambassador's residence. After university students in perspective example, the Ivory Coast caught bandits who had been plaguing their dorms, they executed them by hanging tires around their necks and setting the tires on fire. In one instance Ivorian policemen stood by and watched the necklacings, afraid to intervene. Each time I went to the Abidjan bus terminal, groups of young men with restless, scanning eyes surrounded my taxi, putting their hands all over the windows, demanding tips for carrying my luggage even though I had only a rucksack.

In cities in six West African countries I saw similar young men everywhere--hordes of them. They were like loose molecules in a very unstable social fluid, a fluid that was clearly on of Abortion Essay, the verge of igniting. You see, my friend the example, Minister told me, in the villages of Africa it is perfectly natural to feed at any table and lodge in any hut. But in the cities this communal existence no longer holds. You must pay for lodging and be invited for food.

When young men find out written, that their relations cannot put them up, they become lost. They join other migrants and slip gradually into the criminal process. In the poor quarters of Arab North Africa, he continued, there is functionalist perspective example much less crime, because Islam provides a social anchor: of when was hosea written, education and indoctrination. Here in West Africa we have a lot of superficial Islam and superficial Christianity. Western religion is undermined by animist beliefs not suitable to a moral society, because they are based on irrational spirit power. Here spirits are used to wreak vengeance by one person against another, or one group against another. Many of the functionalist example, atrocities in the Liberian civil war have been tied to belief in migrants, juju spirits, and functionalist, the BBC has reported, in its magazine Focus on Africa, that in the civil fighting in The Curious Essay, adjacent Sierra Leone, rebels were said to example, have a young woman with them who would go to the front naked, always walking backwards and looking in a mirror to see where she was going.

This made her invisible, so that she could cross to the army's positions and there bury charms . Case Of Edward Snowden Essay! . Functionalist Perspective! . to was hosea written, improve the rebels' chances of success. Finally my friend the Minister mentioned polygamy. Designed for functionalist, a pastoral way of of Edward Snowden, life, polygamy continues to thrive in sub-Saharan Africa even though it is increasingly uncommon in perspective example, Arab North Africa. Most youths I met on the road in Impacts of Social Media, West Africa told me that they were from extended families, with a mother in one place and a father in another. Translated to an urban environment, loose family structures are largely responsible for the world's highest birth rates and the explosion of the HIV virus on functionalist, the continent. Like the communalism and animism, they provide a weak shield against the corrosive social effects of life in Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio Aesthetic Criticism, cities.

In those cities African culture is being redefined while desertification and deforestation--also tied to overpopulation--drive more and functionalist perspective example, more African peasants out of the countryside. West Africa is becoming the symbol of worldwide demographic, environmental, and societal stress, in which criminal anarchy emerges as the real strategic danger. Disease, overpopulation, unprovoked crime, scarcity of resources, refugee migrations, the increasing erosion of example, nation-states and international borders, and the empowerment of perspective example, private armies, security firms, and for Rosacea Essay example, international drug cartels are now most tellingly demonstrated through a West African prism. West Africa provides an appropriate introduction to the issues, often extremely unpleasant to functionalist, discuss, that will soon confront our civilization. To remap the migrants, political earth the way it will be a few decades hence--as I intend to do in perspective example, this article--I find I must begin with West Africa. There is vietnamese migrants no other place on perspective, the planet where political maps are so deceptive--where, in fact, they tell such lies--as in West Africa. Start with Sierra Leone. The Moral Of Abortion! According to the map, it is a nation-state of defined borders, with a government in control of its territory. In truth the Sierra Leonian government, run by a twenty-seven-year-old army captain, Valentine Strasser, controls Freetown by functionalist example, day and by Horatio Aesthetic Criticism, day also controls part of the rural interior.

In the government's territory the national army is an unruly rabble threatening drivers and passengers at functionalist perspective example most checkpoints. In the other part of the The Negative of Social, country units of two separate armies from the war in Liberia have taken up residence, as has an functionalist army of Sierra Leonian rebels. The government force fighting the rebels is full of renegade commanders who have aligned themselves with disaffected village chiefs. Vietnamese! A pre-modern formlessness governs the functionalist perspective, battlefield, evoking the was hosea written, wars in medieval Europe prior to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, which ushered in the era of example, organized nation-states. As a consequence, roughly 400,000 Sierra Leonians are internally displaced, 280,000 more have fled to neighboring Guinea, and another 100,000 have fled to Liberia, even as 400,000 Liberians have fled to Sierra Leone. The third largest city in vietnamese migrants, Sierra Leone, Gondama, is a displaced-persons camp. With an additional 600,000 Liberians in Guinea and 250,000 in the Ivory Coast, the borders dividing these four countries have become largely meaningless. Functionalist! Even in Essay Walter, quiet zones none of the functionalist perspective example, governments except the Ivory Coast's maintains the schools, bridges, roads, and Essay on Analyzing Walter Aesthetic Criticism, police forces in a manner necessary for functional sovereignty. The Koranko ethnic group in functionalist perspective, northeastern Sierra Leone does all its trading in Guinea. Sierra Leonian diamonds are more likely to be sold in Liberia than in Horatio, Freetown. In the functionalist perspective example, eastern provinces of Sierra Leone you can buy Liberian beer but not the local brand.

In Sierra Leone, as in Guinea, as in for Rosacea Essay, the Ivory Coast, as in Ghana, most of the primary rain forest and the secondary bush is being destroyed at an alarming rate. I saw convoys of perspective, trucks bearing majestic hardwood trunks to coastal ports. When Sierra Leone achieved its independence, in Media Essay, 1961, as much as 60 percent of the country was primary rain forest. Now six percent is. Perspective Example! In the Ivory Coast the proportion has fallen from 38 percent to eight percent. The deforestation has led to soil erosion, which has led to more flooding and more mosquitoes. Virtually everyone in the West African interior has some form of malaria. Sierra Leone is a microcosm of Question of Abortion Essay, what is occurring, albeit in a more tempered and gradual manner, throughout West Africa and much of the underdeveloped world: the withering away of central governments, the rise of tribal and regional domains, the unchecked spread of disease, and functionalist perspective example, the growing pervasiveness of war. West Africa is reverting to the Africa of the Victorian atlas. It consists now of a series of coastal trading posts, such as Freetown and Conakry, and an interior that, owing to Impacts of Social, violence, volatility, and disease, is again becoming, as Graham Greene once observed, blank and unexplored. However, whereas Greene's vision implies a certain romance, as in the somnolent and charmingly seedy Freetown of his celebrated novel The Heart of the Matter, it is Thomas Malthus, the philosopher of demographic doomsday, who is now the example, prophet of West Africa's future.

And West Africa's future, eventually, will also be that of most of the The Curious of Edward Snowden Essay, rest of the world. Consider Chicago. I refer not to Chicago, Illinois, but to a slum district of Abidjan, which the young toughs in the area have named after the American city. (Washington is another poor section of functionalist perspective, Abidjan.) Although Sierra Leone is The Moral widely regarded as beyond salvage, the Ivory Coast has been considered an African success story, and Abidjan has been called the Paris of West Africa. Success, however, was built on two artificial factors: the high price of cocoa, of functionalist perspective, which the Ivory Coast is the world's leading producer, and the talents of a French expatriate community, whose members have helped run the government and the private sector. The expanding cocoa economy made the Ivory Coast a magnet for was hosea written, migrant workers from example all over West Africa: between a third and a half of the country's population is Essay Horatio Pater´s Criticism now non-Ivorian, and perspective, the figure could be as high as 75 percent in Abidjan. During the 1980s cocoa prices fell and the French began to leave. The skyscrapers of the Question Essay, Paris of West Africa are a facade. Perhaps 15 percent of Abidjan's population of three million people live in shantytowns like Chicago and functionalist perspective example, Washington, and the vast majority live in places that are not much better. Not all of these places appear on any of the readily available maps.

This is Essay Walter Horatio Aesthetic another indication of how political maps are the products of tired conventional wisdom and, in the Ivory Coast's case, of an elite that will ultimately be forced to perspective, relinquish power. Chicago, like more and vietnamese migrants, more of Abidjan, is example a slum in the bush: a checkerwork of corrugated zinc roofs and migrants, walls made of cardboard and black plastic wrap. Functionalist Perspective Example! It is located in a gully teeming with coconut palms and oil palms, and is ravaged by flooding. Few residents have easy access to on Analyzing Horatio, electricity, a sewage system, or a clean water supply. The crumbly red laterite earth crawls with foot-long lizards both inside and functionalist example, outside the shacks. Children defecate in a stream filled with garbage and pigs, droning with malarial mosquitoes. In this stream women do the washing.

Young unemployed men spend their time drinking beer, palm wine, and gin while gambling on pinball games constructed out of rotting wood and rusty nails. These are the same youths who rob houses in more prosperous Ivorian neighborhoods at night. One man I met, Damba Tesele, came to Chicago from Burkina Faso in 1963. When Written! A cook by perspective example, profession, he has four wives and thirty-two children, not one of whom has made it to high school. He has seen his shanty community destroyed by municipal authorities seven times since coming to the area. The Moral Question Of Abortion Essay! Each time he and his neighbors rebuild.

Chicago is the latest incarnation. Fifty-five percent of the Ivory Coast's population is urban, and perspective example, the proportion is expected to reach 62 percent by 2000. The yearly net population growth is 3.6 percent. This means that the Ivory Coast's 13.5 million people will become 39 million by 2025, when much of the population will consist of urbanized peasants like those of Chicago. Question Of Abortion Essay! But don't count on the Ivory Coast's still existing then. Chicago, which is more indicative of Africa's and the Third World's demographic present--and even more of the future--than any idyllic junglescape of women balancing earthen jugs on their heads, illustrates why the Ivory Coast, once a model of Third World success, is becoming a case study in Third World catastrophe. President Felix Houphouet-Boigny, who died last December at the age of about ninety, left behind a weak cluster of political parties and a leaden bureaucracy that discourages foreign investment. Because the military is small and the non-Ivorian population large, there is neither an obvious force to maintain order nor a sense of nationhood that would lessen the need for functionalist, such enforcement. The economy has been shrinking since the Treatment for Rosacea example, mid-1980s. Though the French are working assiduously to preserve stability, the Ivory Coast faces a possibility worse than a coup: an anarchic implosion of criminal violence--an urbanized version of what has already happened in Somalia.

Or it may become an African Yugoslavia, but one without mini-states to replace the whole. Because the demographic reality of West Africa is a countryside draining into dense slums by the coast, ultimately the region's rulers will come to reflect the values of these shanty-towns. There are signs of functionalist, this already in Sierra Leone--and in Treatment example, Togo, where the dictator Etienne Eyadema, in power since 1967, was nearly toppled in 1991, not by functionalist example, democrats but by thousands of youths whom the London-based magazine West Africa described as Soweto-like stone-throwing adolescents. Their behavior may herald a regime more brutal than Eyadema's repressive one. The fragility of these West African countries impressed itself on me when I took a series of bush taxis along the Gulf of Guinea, from the Togolese capital of Lome, across Ghana, to was hosea written, Abidjan. The 400-mile journey required two full days of driving, because of stops at two border crossings and an additional eleven customs stations, at each of which my fellow passengers had their bags searched.

I had to change money twice and repeatedly fill in currency-declaration forms. Functionalist Perspective Example! I had to bribe a Togolese immigration official with the equivalent of eighteen dollars before he would agree to put an vietnamese migrants exit stamp on my passport. Functionalist! Nevertheless, smuggling across these borders is rampant. Impacts Of Social! The London Observer has reported that in 1992 the equivalent of $856 million left West Africa for functionalist perspective, Europe in the form of hot cash assumed to be laundered drug money. International cartels have discovered the utility of weak, financially strapped West African regimes. The more fictitious the actual sovereignty, the The Moral of Abortion Essay, more severe border authorities seem to be in perspective example, trying to prove otherwise. Getting visas for these states can be as hard as crossing their borders. Vietnamese! The Washington embassies of Sierra Leone and perspective, Guinea--the two poorest nations on earth, according to a 1993 United Nations report on human development--asked for letters from my bank (in lieu of prepaid round-trip tickets) and also personal references, in order to Treatment example, prove that I had sufficient means to sustain myself during my visits. I was reminded of perspective example, my visa and currency hassles while traveling to the communist states of The Negative Impacts of Social, Eastern Europe, particularly East Germany and Czechoslovakia, before those states collapsed.

Ali A. Functionalist Perspective! Mazrui, the director of the The Curious, Institute of example, Global Cultural Studies at the State University of New York at Binghamton, predicts that West Africa--indeed, the whole continent--is on the verge of large-scale border upheaval. Mazrui writes, In the 21st century France will be withdrawing from West Africa as she gets increasingly involved in the affairs [of Europe]. France's West African sphere of influence will be filled by migrants, Nigeria--a more natural hegemonic power. . . . It will be under those circumstances that Nigeria's own boundaries are likely to functionalist, expand to incorporate the Republic of Niger (the Hausa link), the was hosea, Republic of Benin (the Yoruba link) and conceivably Cameroon. The future could be more tumultuous, and bloodier, than Mazrui dares to say. France will withdraw from former colonies like Benin, Togo, Niger, and functionalist perspective, the Ivory Coast, where it has been propping up local currencies. It will do so not only because its attention will be diverted to new challenges in Europe and Russia but also because younger French officials lack the older generation's emotional ties to Treatment for Rosacea, the ex-colonies. However, even as Nigeria attempts to expand, it, too, is likely to split into several pieces. Functionalist Perspective Example! The State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research recently made the following points in an analysis of Nigeria: Prospects for a transition to civilian rule and Question of Abortion Essay, democratization are slim. . . . Functionalist Perspective Example! The repressive apparatus of the state security service . . . will be difficult for any future civilian government to control. . . . The country is becoming increasingly ungovernable. . . . Ethnic and regional splits are deepening, a situation made worse by an increase in the number of states from 19 to Essay, 30 and a doubling in perspective example, the number of local governing authorities; religious cleavages are more serious; Muslim fundamentalism and evangelical Christian militancy are on for Rosacea example, the rise; and functionalist example, northern Muslim anxiety over southern [Christian] control of the economy is intense . Treatment For Rosacea Example! . . the will to keep Nigeria together is example now very weak. Given that oil-rich Nigeria is a bellwether for the region--its population of Impacts Media, roughly 90 million equals the populations of all the other West African states combined--it is apparent that Africa faces cataclysms that could make the Ethiopian and Somalian famines pale in comparison. This is especially so because Nigeria's population, including that of functionalist example, its largest city, Lagos, whose crime, pollution, and overcrowding make it the cliche par excellence of Third World urban dysfunction, is set to double during the next twenty-five years, while the written, country continues to deplete its natural resources.

Part of perspective example, West Africa's quandary is that although its population belts are horizontal, with habitation densities increasing as one travels south away from the Sahara and toward the tropical abundance of the Atlantic littoral, the borders erected by example, European colonialists are vertical, and therefore at cross-purposes with demography and topography. Satellite photos depict the same reality I experienced in the bush taxi: the functionalist perspective, Lome-Abidjan coastal corridor--indeed, the entire stretch of coast from was hosea Abidjan eastward to Lagos--is one burgeoning megalopolis that by any rational economic and geographical standard should constitute a single sovereignty, rather than the functionalist perspective example, five (the Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria) into which it is currently divided. As many internal African borders begin to crumble, a more impenetrable boundary is being erected that threatens to isolate the continent as a whole: the wall of disease. Merely to visit West Africa in The Negative Impacts Media Essay, some degree of functionalist perspective example, safety, I spent about The Curious, $500 for a hepatitis B vaccination series and functionalist, other disease prophylaxis. Africa may today be more dangerous in this regard than it was in 1862, before antibiotics, when the explorer Sir Richard Francis Burton described the health situation on the continent as deadly, a Golgotha, a Jehannum. Vietnamese! Of the approximately 12 million people worldwide whose blood is HIV-positive, 8 million are in functionalist perspective, Africa. In the The Curious Essay, capital of the Ivory Coast, whose modern road system only helps to functionalist perspective, spread the disease, 10 percent of the population is HIV-positive. And war and refugee movements help the virus break through to more-remote areas of Africa. On Analyzing Walter! Alan Greenberg, M.D., a representative of the Centers for Disease Control in Abidjan, explains that in Africa the HIV virus and tuberculosis are now fast-forwarding each other.

Of the approximately 4,000 newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients in Abidjan, 45 percent were also found to be HIV-positive. As African birth rates soar and slums proliferate, some experts worry that viral mutations and hybridizations might, just conceivably, result in perspective example, a form of the AIDS virus that is easier to catch than the present strain. It is malaria that is most responsible for the disease wall that threatens to The Curious of Edward, separate Africa and example, other parts of the Third World from more-developed regions of the planet in migrants, the twenty-first century. Carried by mosquitoes, malaria, unlike AIDS, is easy to catch. Most people in sub-Saharan Africa have recurring bouts of the disease throughout their entire lives, and it is perspective mutating into increasingly deadly forms. The great gift of Malaria is utter apathy, wrote Sir Richard Burton, accurately portraying the situation in much of the Third World today. The Curious Essay! Visitors to malaria-afflicted parts of the perspective example, planet are protected by a new drug, mefloquine, a side effect of which is vivid, even violent, dreams. But a strain of cerebral malaria resistant to mefloquine is now on of Abortion, the offensive. Consequently, defending oneself against malaria in Africa is becoming more and more like defending oneself against violent crime. You engage in behavior modification: not going out at dusk, wearing mosquito repellent all the time.

And the cities keep growing. Functionalist Perspective Example! I got a general sense of the on Analyzing Pater´s Criticism, future while driving from the airport to downtown Conakry, the capital of Guinea. The forty-five-minute journey in functionalist perspective example, heavy traffic was through one never-ending shantytown: a nightmarish Dickensian spectacle to which Dickens himself would never have given credence. The corrugated metal shacks and scabrous walls were coated with black slime. Stores were built out of rusted shipping containers, junked cars, and jumbles of wire mesh. When Was Hosea! The streets were one long puddle of floating garbage. Mosquitoes and flies were everywhere. Children, many of whom had protruding bellies, seemed as numerous as ants. When the tide went out, dead rats and the skeletons of cars were exposed on the mucky beach. In twenty-eight years Guinea's population will double if growth goes on perspective example, at current rates. Hardwood logging continues at was hosea written a madcap speed, and people flee the Guinean countryside for perspective example, Conakry.

It seemed to Treatment for Rosacea Essay, me that here, as elsewhere in perspective example, Africa and the Third World, man is challenging nature far beyond its limits, and nature is now beginning to take its revenge. Africa may be as relevant to the future character of The Negative Impacts Essay, world politics as the Balkans were a hundred years ago, prior to the two Balkan wars and the First World War. Then the threat was the collapse of perspective, empires and the birth of nations based solely on tribe. Now the threat is more elemental: nature unchecked. Africa's immediate future could be very bad. The coming upheaval, in which foreign embassies are shut down, states collapse, and contact with the outside world takes place through dangerous, disease-ridden coastal trading posts, will loom large in of Social Essay, the century we are entering. Example! (Nine of twenty-one U.S. foreign-aid missions to be closed over the next three years are in Africa--a prologue to a consolidation of U.S. embassies themselves.) Precisely because much of Africa is set to go over the edge at a time when the Cold War has ended, when environmental and Walter Aesthetic Criticism, demographic stress in other parts of the globe is becoming critical, and when the post-First World War system of nation-states--not just in the Balkans but perhaps also in the Middle East--is about to be toppled, Africa suggests what war, borders, and ethnic politics will be like a few decades hence.

To understand the events of the next fifty years, then, one must understand environmental scarcity, cultural and functionalist, racial clash, geographic destiny, and was hosea, the transformation of war. The order in perspective, which I have named these is not accidental. Each concept except the first relies partly on the one or ones before it, meaning that the last two--new approaches to mapmaking and to warfare--are the most important. They are also the when written, least understood. I will now look at each idea, drawing upon the work of specialists and also my own travel experiences in various parts of the globe besides Africa, in example, order to fill in the blanks of vietnamese, a new political atlas. The Environment as a Hostile Power. For a while the media will continue to functionalist perspective example, ascribe riots and other violent upheavals abroad mainly to ethnic and religious conflict. But as these conflicts multiply, it will become apparent that something else is afoot, making more and more places like Nigeria, India, and Brazil ungovernable. Mention the environment or diminishing natural resources in foreign-policy circles and you meet a brick wall of skepticism or boredom.

To conservatives especially, the very terms seem flaky. Public-policy foundations have contributed to the lack of Essay Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism, interest, by funding narrowly focused environmental studies replete with technical jargon which foreign-affairs experts just let pile up on functionalist perspective, their desks. It is time to understand the environment for what it is: the national-security issue of the early twenty-first century. The political and The Negative Impacts of Social Media Essay, strategic impact of surging populations, spreading disease, deforestation and soil erosion, water depletion, air pollution, and, possibly, rising sea levels in critical, overcrowded regions like the example, Nile Delta and Bangladesh--developments that will prompt mass migrations and, in turn, incite group conflicts--will be the core foreign-policy challenge from which most others will ultimately emanate, arousing the when written, public and uniting assorted interests left over from the Cold War. In the twenty-first century water will be in dangerously short supply in such diverse locales as Saudi Arabia, Central Asia, and functionalist example, the southwestern United States. A war could erupt between Egypt and The Moral of Abortion Essay, Ethiopia over Nile River water. Even in perspective example, Europe tensions have arisen between Hungary and Slovakia over the damming of the was hosea written, Danube, a classic case of how environmental disputes fuse with ethnic and historical ones. Example! The political scientist and erstwhile Clinton adviser Michael Mandelbaum has said, We have a foreign policy today in vietnamese migrants, the shape of a doughnut--lots of peripheral interests but nothing at the center. The environment, I will argue, is part of a terrifying array of problems that will define a new threat to our security, filling the hole in perspective, Mandelbaum's doughnut and allowing a post- Cold War foreign policy to emerge inexorably by need rather than by design. Our Cold War foreign policy truly began with George F. Kennan's famous article, signed X, published in Foreign Affairs in July of 1947, in which Kennan argued for a firm and vigilant containment of a Soviet Union that was imperially, rather than ideologically, motivated.

It may be that our post-Cold War foreign policy will one day be seen to The Negative Impacts of Social Media, have had its beginnings in an even bolder and more detailed piece of functionalist example, written analysis: one that appeared in Walter Pater´s, the journal International Security. The article, published in the fall of 1991 by Thomas Fraser Homer-Dixon, who is the head of the Peace and perspective, Conflict Studies Program at the University of migrants, Toronto, was titled On the functionalist, Threshold: Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict. Homer-Dixon has, more successfully than other analysts, integrated two hitherto separate fields--military-conflict studies and the study of the physical environment. In Homer-Dixon's view, future wars and civil violence will often arise from scarcities of resources such as water, cropland, forests, and Essay on Analyzing Walter, fish. Just as there will be environmentally driven wars and functionalist, refugee flows, there will be environmentally induced praetorian regimes--or, as he puts it, hard regimes. Countries with the highest probability of of Edward, acquiring hard regimes, according to Homer-Dixon, are those that are threatened by a declining resource base yet also have a history of state [read 'military'] strength.

Candidates include Indonesia, Brazil, and, of course, Nigeria. Though each of these nations has exhibited democratizing tendencies of late, Homer-Dixon argues that such tendencies are likely to be superficial epiphenomena having nothing to do with long-term processes that include soaring populations and shrinking raw materials. Democracy is problematic; scarcity is more certain. Indeed, the Saddam Husseins of the future will have more, not fewer, opportunities. In addition to engendering tribal strife, scarcer resources will place a great strain on many peoples who never had much of a democratic or institutional tradition to begin with. Over the perspective, next fifty years the earth's population will soar from 5.5 billion to more than nine billion. Though optimists have hopes for new resource technologies and free-market development in The Moral, the global village, they fail to example, note that, as the National Academy of Sciences has pointed out, 95 percent of the population increase will be in the poorest regions of the world, where governments now--just look at Africa--show little ability to function, let alone to implement even marginal improvements. Homer-Dixon writes, ominously, Neo-Malthusians may underestimate human adaptability in today's environmental-social system, but as time passes their analysis may become ever more compelling. While a minority of the Case Snowden Essay, human population will be, as Francis Fukuyama would put it, sufficiently sheltered so as to enter a post-historical realm, living in cities and example, suburbs in which the vietnamese migrants, environment has been mastered and functionalist example, ethnic animosities have been quelled by bourgeois prosperity, an increasingly large number of people will be stuck in history, living in shantytowns where attempts to rise above poverty, cultural dysfunction, and The Curious Case Snowden, ethnic strife will be doomed by a lack of water to drink, soil to till, and space to functionalist, survive in. In the developing world environmental stress will present people with a choice that is increasingly among totalitarianism (as in Iraq), fascist-tending mini-states (as in Serb-held Bosnia), and road-warrior cultures (as in Somalia). On Analyzing Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism! Homer-Dixon concludes that as environmental degradation proceeds, the size of the potential social disruption will increase.

Tad Homer-Dixon is an unlikely Jeremiah. Today a boyish thirty-seven, he grew up amid the sylvan majesty of Vancouver Island, attending private day schools. His speech is calm, perfectly even, and crisply enunciated. There is nothing in his background or manner that would indicate a bent toward pessimism. A Canadian Anglican who spends his summers canoeing on the lakes of northern Ontario, and who talks about the benign mountains, black bears, and Douglas firs of his youth, he is functionalist the opposite of the intellectually severe neoconservative, the kind at The Moral Question of Abortion home with conflict scenarios. Nor is he an environmentalist who opposes development. My father was a logger who thought about ecologically safe forestry before others, he says. He logged, planted, logged, and functionalist perspective example, planted. He got out of the vietnamese, business just as the issue was being polarized by environmentalists.

They hate changed ecosystems. Perspective! But human beings, just by carrying seeds around, change the natural world. As an only child whose playground was a virtually untouched wilderness and seacoast, Homer-Dixon has a familiarity with the natural world that permits him to see a reality that most policy analysts--children of suburbia and city streets--are blind to. We need to bring nature back in, he argues. Question Of Abortion Essay! We have to stop separating politics from the physical world--the climate, public health, and the environment. Quoting Daniel Deudney, another pioneering expert on the security aspects of the environment, Homer-Dixon says that for too long we've been prisoners of 'social-social' theory, which assumes there are only functionalist perspective example, social causes for social and political changes, rather than natural causes, too. Treatment Essay! This social-social mentality emerged with the Industrial Revolution, which separated us from nature. But nature is coming back with a vengeance, tied to functionalist, population growth.

It will have incredible security implications. Think of a stretch limo in the potholed streets of New York City, where homeless beggars live. Inside the example, limo are the air-conditioned post-industrial regions of North America, Europe, the emerging Pacific Rim, and example, a few other isolated places, with their trade summitry and computer-information highways. Outside is the Treatment for Rosacea, rest of mankind, going in a completely different direction. We are entering a bifurcated world. Part of the globe is inhabited by Hegel's and Fukuyama's Last Man, healthy, well fed, and pampered by technology. The other, larger, part is inhabited by Hobbes's First Man, condemned to a life that is poor, nasty, brutish, and short. Although both parts will be threatened by environmental stress, the Last Man will be able to functionalist, master it; the First Man will not. The Last Man will adjust to the loss of underground water tables in the western United States. He will build dikes to save Cape Hatteras and the Chesapeake beaches from rising sea levels, even as the Essay, Maldive Islands, off the coast of India, sink into perspective example, oblivion, and the shorelines of Egypt, Bangladesh, and Southeast Asia recede, driving tens of millions of people inland where there is no room for them, and thus sharpening ethnic divisions.

Homer-Dixon points to a world map of soil degradation in his Toronto office. The darker the map color, the worse the degradation, he explains. The West African coast, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, China, and Central America have the darkest shades, signifying all manner of degradation, related to The Curious Case of Edward Snowden Essay, winds, chemicals, and water problems. The worst degradation is generally where the population is highest. The population is generally highest where the soil is the best. So we're degrading earth's best soil. China, in Homer-Dixon's view, is the quintessential example of environmental degradation.

Its current economic success masks deeper problems. Example! China's fourteen percent growth rate does not mean it's going to be a world power. It means that coastal China, where the economic growth is taking place, is joining the Treatment Essay example, rest of the Pacific Rim. The disparity with inland China is intensifying. Referring to functionalist example, the environmental research of his colleague, the Treatment for Rosacea example, Czech-born ecologist Vaclav Smil, Homer-Dixon explains how the per capita availability of arable land in functionalist example, interior China has rapidly declined at the same time that the quality of that land has been destroyed by deforestation, loss of topsoil, and salinization.

He mentions the vietnamese migrants, loss and contamination of water supplies, the exhaustion of wells, the functionalist, plugging of irrigation systems and vietnamese, reservoirs with eroded silt, and a population of 1.54 billion by example, the year 2025: it is for Rosacea example a misconception that China has gotten its population under control. Large-scale population movements are under way, from functionalist perspective example inland China to vietnamese, coastal China and from villages to cities, leading to example, a crime surge like the one in Africa and to growing regional disparities and conflicts in a land with a strong tradition of warlordism and for Rosacea example, a weak tradition of central government--again as in Africa. We will probably see the center challenged and fractured, and China will not remain the same on the map, Homer-Dixon says. Environmental scarcity will inflame existing hatreds and affect power relationships, at functionalist example which we now look. In the summer, 1993, issue of Foreign Affairs, Samuel P. Huntington, of Harvard's Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, published a thought-provoking article called The Clash of Civilizations? The world, he argues, has been moving during the vietnamese migrants, course of functionalist, this century from nation-state conflict to ideological conflict to, finally, cultural conflict. I would add that as refugee flows increase and as peasants continue migrating to Essay on Analyzing Walter Pater´s Aesthetic, cities around the world--turning them into sprawling villages--national borders will mean less, even as more power will fall into perspective, the hands of less educated, less sophisticated groups. In the eyes of these uneducated but newly empowered millions, the real borders are the most tangible and intractable ones: those of culture and when was hosea, tribe. Huntington writes, First, differences among civilizations are not only real; they are basic, involving, among other things, history, language, and religion. Functionalist Example! Second . . . interactions between peoples of different civilizations are increasing; these increasing interactions intensify civilization consciousness.

Economic modernization is not necessarily a panacea, since it fuels individual and group ambitions while weakening traditional loyalties to the state. It is when written worth noting, for example, that it is precisely the wealthiest and fastest-developing city in India, Bombay, that has seen the worst intercommunal violence between Hindus and Muslims. Consider that Indian cities, like African and Chinese ones, are ecological time bombs--Delhi and Calcutta, and also Beijing, suffer the worst air quality of any cities in the world--and it is apparent how surging populations, environmental degradation, and ethnic conflict are deeply related. Huntington points to example, interlocking conflicts among Hindu, Muslim, Slavic Orthodox, Western, Japanese, Confucian, Latin American, and possibly African civilizations: for instance, Hindus clashing with Muslims in India, Turkic Muslims clashing with Slavic Orthodox Russians in The Negative Essay, Central Asian cities, the West clashing with Asia. (Even in the United States, African-Americans find themselves besieged by an influx of perspective example, competing Latinos.) Whatever the laws, refugees find a way to crash official borders, bringing their passions with them, meaning that Europe and the United States will be weakened by cultural disputes. Because Huntington's brush is broad, his specifics are vulnerable to attack. The Negative Impacts Of Social Media Essay! In a rebuttal of Huntington's argument the Johns Hopkins professor Fouad Ajami, a Lebanese-born Shi'ite who certainly knows the world beyond suburbia, writes in the September-October, 1993, issue of Foreign Affairs, The world of functionalist perspective example, Islam divides and Essay example, subdivides. Functionalist Example! The battle lines in the Caucasus . . . are not coextensive with civilizational fault lines. The lines follow the interests of states.

Where Huntington sees a civilizational duel between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the Iranian state has cast religious zeal . . . to the wind . . . in that battle the Iranians have tilted toward Christian Armenia. True, Huntington's hypothesized war between Islam and Orthodox Christianity is not borne out by the alliance network in the Caucasus. But that is only because he has misidentified which cultural war is Snowden occurring there. A recent visit to Azerbaijan made clear to me that Azeri Turks, the world's most secular Shi'ite Muslims, see their cultural identity in terms not of religion but of their Turkic race. Functionalist! The Armenians, likewise, fight the Azeris not because the latter are Muslims but because they are Turks, related to for Rosacea Essay example, the same Turks who massacred Armenians in 1915. Perspective Example! Turkic culture (secular and based on languages employing a Latin script) is battling Iranian culture (religiously militant as defined by Tehran, and wedded to an Arabic script) across the whole swath of Central Asia and the Caucasus. The Armenians are, therefore, natural allies of their fellow Indo-Europeans the Iranians. Huntington is correct that the Caucasus is a flashpoint of cultural and racial war. Question Essay! But, as Ajami observes, Huntington's plate tectonics are too simple. Two months of recent travel throughout Turkey revealed to me that although the Turks are developing a deep distrust, bordering on hatred, of fellow-Muslim Iran, they are also, especially in functionalist perspective example, the shantytowns that are coming to dominate Turkish public opinion, revising their group identity, increasingly seeing themselves as Muslims being deserted by a West that does little to help besieged Muslims in Bosnia and that attacks Turkish Muslims in the streets of Germany. In other words, the Balkans, a powder keg for nation-state war at the beginning of the The Moral of Abortion, twentieth century, could be a powder keg for cultural war at the turn of the twenty-first: between Orthodox Christianity (represented by the Serbs and a classic Byzantine configuration of Greeks, Russians, and Romanians) and the House of Islam.

Yet in the Caucasus that House of Islam is falling into a clash between Turkic and Iranian civilizations. Ajami asserts that this very subdivision, not to mention all the divisions within the Arab world, indicates that the West, including the United States, is not threatened by Huntington's scenario. As the Gulf War demonstrated, the West has proved capable of playing one part of the House of functionalist, Islam against another. True. However, whether he is aware of it or not, Ajami is Essay on Analyzing Horatio Criticism describing a world even more dangerous than the one Huntington envisions, especially when one takes into functionalist example, account Homer-Dixon's research on migrants, environmental scarcity. Functionalist! Outside the stretch limo would be a rundown, crowded planet of on Analyzing Walter Aesthetic Criticism, skinhead Cossacks and juju warriors, influenced by the worst refuse of Western pop culture and ancient tribal hatreds, and battling over scraps of overused earth in guerrilla conflicts that ripple across continents and intersect in no discernible pattern--meaning there's no easy-to-define threat. Kennan's world of one adversary seems as distant as the world of Herodotus. Most people believe that the political earth since 1989 has undergone immense change. But it is perspective example minor compared with what is yet to come. The breaking apart and remaking of the atlas is only now beginning.

The crack-up of the Soviet empire and the coming end of Arab-Israeli military confrontation are merely prologues to the really big changes that lie ahead. The Moral Of Abortion! Michael Vlahos, a long-range thinker for the U.S. Perspective! Navy, warns, We are not in charge of the environment and the world is The Moral Essay not following us. It is going in many directions. Do not assume that democratic capitalism is the last word in human social evolution. Before addressing the questions of maps and of warfare, I want to take a closer look at the interaction of religion, culture, demographic shifts, and the distribution of natural resources in a specific area of the world: the Middle East. Built on steep, muddy hills, the shantytowns of Ankara, the Turkish capital, exude visual drama. Altindag, or Golden Mountain, is a pyramid of example, dreams, fashioned from Case Snowden Essay cinder blocks and corrugated iron, rising as though each shack were built on top of another, all reaching awkwardly and painfully toward heaven--the heaven of wealthier Turks who live elsewhere in the city.

Nowhere else on the planet have I found such a poignant architectural symbol of man's striving, with gaps in house walls plugged with rusted cans, and leeks and onions growing on verandas assembled from planks of rotting wood. For reasons that I will explain, the Turkish shacktown is a psychological universe away from the African one. To see the twenty-first century truly, one's eyes must learn a different set of aesthetics. One must reject the overly stylized images of functionalist example, travel magazines, with their inviting photographs of exotic villages and glamorous downtowns. There are far too many millions whose dreams are more vulgar, more real--whose raw energies and desires will overwhelm the visions of the elites, remaking the future into The Moral Question of Abortion, something frighteningly new. But in Turkey I learned that shantytowns are not all bad. Slum quarters in Abidjan terrify and repel the outsider. In Turkey it is the opposite.

The closer I got to Golden Mountain the better it looked, and the safer I felt. I had $1,500 worth of Turkish lira in one pocket and perspective, $1,000 in traveler's checks in when written, the other, yet I felt no fear. Perspective! Golden Mountain was a real neighborhood. The inside of one house told the story: The architectural bedlam of cinder block and sheet metal and cardboard walls was deceiving. The Negative Impacts Media! Inside was a home--order, that is, bespeaking dignity. Perspective! I saw a working refrigerator, a television, a wall cabinet with a few books and lots of family pictures, a few plants by a window, and Essay on Analyzing Walter Pater´s, a stove. Though the streets become rivers of mud when it rains, the floors inside this house were spotless. Other houses were like this too. Schoolchildren ran along with briefcases strapped to their backs, trucks delivered cooking gas, a few men sat inside a cafe sipping tea. One man sipped beer. Alcohol is easy to obtain in Turkey, a secular state where 99 percent of the population is Muslim.

Yet there is little problem of alcoholism. Crime against persons is infinitesimal. Poverty and functionalist perspective, illiteracy are watered-down versions of what obtains in Algeria and Egypt (to say nothing of on Analyzing Walter Horatio Criticism, West Africa), making it that much harder for religious extremists to gain a foothold. My point in bringing up a rather wholesome, crime-free slum is this: its existence demonstrates how formidable is the fabric of which Turkish Muslim culture is made. A culture this strong has the potential to dominate the functionalist perspective, Middle East once again.

Slums are litmus tests for innate cultural strengths and weaknesses. Those peoples whose cultures can harbor extensive slum life without decomposing will be, relatively speaking, the future's winners. Those whose cultures cannot will be the future's victims. Slums--in the sociological sense--do not exist in Turkish cities. The mortar between people and family groups is stronger here than in Essay on Analyzing Horatio Aesthetic Criticism, Africa. Resurgent Islam and Turkic cultural identity have produced a civilization with natural muscle tone. Turks, history's perennial nomads, take disruption in functionalist perspective, stride. The future of the Middle East is quietly being written inside the heads of Golden Mountain's inhabitants. Think of an Ottoman military encampment on the eve of the destruction of Greek Constantinople in 1453.

That is Golden Mountain. We brought the village here. But in the village we worked harder--in the field, all day. So we couldn't fast during [the holy month of] Ramadan. Here we fast. Here we are more religious.

Aishe Tanrikulu, along with half a dozen other women, was stuffing rice into Question Essay, vine leaves from a crude plastic bowl. She asked me to join her under the functionalist perspective example, shade of a piece of migrants, sheet metal. Each of these women had her hair covered by a kerchief. In the city they were encountering television for functionalist, the first time. We are traditional, religious people. The programs offend us, Aishe said. Another woman complained about the schools. Treatment! Though her children had educational options unavailable in the village, they had to compete with wealthier, secular Turks. The kids from functionalist perspective rich families with connections--they get all the Snowden Essay, places. More opportunities, more tensions, in example, other words.

My guidebook to Golden Mountain was an untypical one: Tales From the Garbage Hills, a brutally realistic novel by a Turkish writer, Latife Tekin, about life in Media, the shantytowns, which in Turkey are called gecekondus (built in a night). He listened to the earth and wept unceasingly for water, for work and for the cure of the illnesses spread by the garbage and perspective example, the factory waste, Tekin writes. In the when was hosea, most revealing passage of Tales From the Garbage Hills the functionalist perspective example, squatters are told about a certain 'Ottoman Empire' . . . that where they now lived there had once been an empire of this name. This history confounded the The Moral of Abortion, squatters. It was the perspective example, first they had heard of it. Though one of them knew that his grandfather and his dog died fighting the Greeks, nationalism and an encompassing sense of Turkish history are the The Curious Case Snowden Essay, province of the Turkish middle and upper classes, and of foreigners like me who feel required to have a notion of Turkey. But what did the Golden Mountain squatters know about the armies of Turkish migrants that had come before their own--namely, Seljuks and Ottomans? For these recently urbanized peasants, and their counterparts in Africa, the Arab world, India, and so many other places, the world is new, to adapt V. S. Naipaul's phrase.

As Naipaul wrote of urban refugees in functionalist example, India: A Wounded Civilization, They saw themselves at the beginning of things: unaccommodated men making a claim on their land for the first time, and out of chaos evolving their own philosophy of community and self-help. For them the past was dead; they had left it behind in the villages. Everywhere in the developing world at the turn of the The Negative of Social Media, twenty-first century these new men and women, rushing into the cities, are remaking civilizations and redefining their identities in terms of religion and tribal ethnicity which do not coincide with the borders of existing states. In Turkey several things are happening at once. In 1980, 44 percent of Turks lived in functionalist perspective example, cities; in 1990 it was 61 percent. By the year 2000 the figure is expected to be 67 percent.

Villages are emptying out The Negative Impacts of Social Media Essay, as concentric rings of gecekondu developments grow around Turkish cities. Functionalist Perspective Example! This is the real political and The Moral Essay, demographic revolution in Turkey and elsewhere, and foreign correspondents usually don't write about it. Whereas rural poverty is age-old and almost a normal part of the social fabric, urban poverty is socially destabilizing. As Iran has shown, Islamic extremism is the psychological defense mechanism of many urbanized peasants threatened with the functionalist perspective example, loss of traditions in pseudo-modern cities where their values are under attack, where basic services like water and electricity are unavailable, and where they are assaulted by a physically unhealthy environment. The American ethnologist and orientalist Carleton Stevens Coon wrote in 1951 that Islam has made possible the optimum survival and happiness of millions of human beings in vietnamese, an increasingly impoverished environment over a fourteen-hundred-year period. Beyond its stark, clearly articulated message, Islam's very militancy makes it attractive to the downtrodden. It is the one religion that is prepared to fight. A political era driven by environmental stress, increased cultural sensitivity, unregulated urbanization, and refugee migrations is an functionalist era divinely created for when written, the spread and intensification of Islam, already the world's fastest-growing religion. (Though Islam is spreading in West Africa, it is being hobbled by syncretization with animism: this makes new converts less apt to become anti-Western extremists, but it also makes for a weakened version of the example, faith, which is less effective as an antidote to crime.) In Turkey, however, Islam is painfully and awkwardly forging a consensus with modernization, a trend that is less apparent in the Arab and Persian worlds (and virtually invisible in Africa). In Iran the oil boom--because it put development and urbanization on a fast track, making the culture shock more intense--fueled the 1978 Islamic Revolution. Essay Horatio Pater´s Criticism! But Turkey, unlike Iran and perspective, the Arab world, has little oil.

Therefore its development and urbanization have been more gradual. Islamists have been integrated into the parliamentary system for decades. On Analyzing Walter Horatio Aesthetic Criticism! The tensions I noticed in Golden Mountain are natural, creative ones: the kind immigrants face the world over. Functionalist Perspective! While the world has focused on religious perversity in Algeria, a nation rich in natural gas, and in when was hosea, Egypt, parts of whose capital city, Cairo, evince worse crowding than I have seen even in Calcutta, Turkey has been living through the Muslim equivalent of the Protestant Reformation. Resource distribution is strengthening Turks in another way vis-a-vis Arabs and Persians. Turks may have little oil, but their Anatolian heartland has lots of water--the most important fluid of the twenty-first century. Functionalist Example! Turkey's Southeast Anatolia Project, involving twenty-two major dams and irrigation systems, is impounding the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Much of the water that Arabs and perhaps Israelis will need to drink in the future is controlled by vietnamese migrants, Turks. The project's centerpiece is the mile-wide, sixteen-story Ataturk Dam, upon which are emblazoned the words of modern Turkey's founder: Ne Mutlu Turkum Diyene (Lucky is the one who is a Turk). Unlike Egypt's Aswan High Dam, on the Nile, and Syria's Revolution Dam, on functionalist example, the Euphrates, both of which were built largely by Russians, the Pater´s, Ataturk Dam is a predominantly Turkish affair, with Turkish engineers and companies in charge. On a recent visit my eyes took in the immaculate offices and their gardens, the high-voltage electric grids and phone switching stations, the dizzying sweep of perspective, giant humming transformers, the poured-concrete spillways, and the prim unfolding suburbia, complete with schools, for dam employees. The Curious Essay! The emerging power of the Turks was palpable. Erduhan Bayindir, the site manager at functionalist example the dam, told me that while oil can be shipped abroad to enrich only elites, water has to be spread more evenly within the Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism, society. . . Functionalist Example! . When Was Hosea Written! It is true, we can stop the flow of water into Syria and Iraq for up to eight months without the same water overflowing our dams, in order to regulate their political behavior. Power is certainly moving north in functionalist, the Middle East, from the oil fields of Dhahran, on the Persian Gulf, to the water plain of Harran, in southern Anatolia--near the site of the Ataturk Dam. But will the nation-state of Turkey, as presently constituted, be the inheritor of this wealth? I very much doubt it. Whereas West Africa represents the least stable part of political reality outside Homer-Dixon's stretch limo, Turkey, an organic outgrowth of two Turkish empires that ruled Anatolia for 850 years, has been among the example, most stable.

Turkey's borders were established not by colonial powers but in a war of independence, in the early 1920s. Kemal Ataturk provided Turkey with a secular nation-building myth that most Arab and African states, burdened by artificially drawn borders, lack. That lack will leave many Arab states defenseless against a wave of Islam that will eat away at their legitimacy and frontiers in coming years. Yet even as regards Turkey, maps deceive. It is not only African shantytowns that don't appear on urban maps. Many shantytowns in Turkey and elsewhere are also missing--as are the considerable territories controlled by guerrilla armies and urban mafias.

Traveling with Eritrean guerrillas in what, according to the map, was northern Ethiopia, traveling in northern Iraq with Kurdish guerrillas, and staying in functionalist example, a hotel in the Caucasus controlled by a local mafia--to say nothing of my experiences in West Africa--led me to develop a healthy skepticism toward maps, which, I began to realize, create a conceptual barrier that prevents us from comprehending the Case Essay, political crack-up just beginning to functionalist perspective example, occur worldwide. Consider the map of the world, with its 190 or so countries, each signified by Impacts Media, a bold and uniform color: this map, with which all of us have grown up, is generally an invention of modernism, specifically of functionalist perspective, European colonialism. Modernism, in the sense of which I speak, began with the rise of nation-states in Europe and was confirmed by the death of The Moral Question, feudalism at the end of the Thirty Years' War--an event that was interposed between the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, which together gave birth to modern science. People were suddenly flush with an enthusiasm to categorize, to define. The map, based on scientific techniques of functionalist example, measurement, offered a way to classify new national organisms, making a jigsaw puzzle of neat pieces without transition zones between them. Frontier is itself a modern concept that didn't exist in Essay, the feudal mind. And as European nations carved out far-flung domains at functionalist perspective example the same time that print technology was making the reproduction of maps cheaper, cartography came into its own as a way of creating facts by ordering the way we look at the world. In his book Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and The Negative Impacts of Social Essay, Spread of Nationalism, Benedict Anderson, of Cornell University, demonstrates that the map enabled colonialists to think about their holdings in terms of a totalizing classificatory grid. . . Perspective! . It was bounded, determinate, and therefore--in principle--countable.

To the colonialist, country maps were the equivalent of an accountant's ledger books. Maps, Anderson explains, shaped the The Moral Question Essay, grammar that would make possible such questionable concepts as Iraq, Indonesia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. The state, recall, is a purely Western notion, one that until the twentieth century applied to countries covering only three percent of the earth's land area. Nor is the evidence compelling that the state, as a governing ideal, can be successfully transported to areas outside the industrialized world. Example! Even the Treatment Essay, United States of America, in the words of one of our best living poets, Gary Snyder, consists of arbitrary and inaccurate impositions on what is really here.

Yet this inflexible, artificial reality staggers on, not only in the United Nations but in various geographic and travel publications (themselves by-products of an age of elite touring which colonialism made possible) that still report on and photograph the world according to country. Newspapers, this magazine, and this writer are not innocent of the tendency. According to the map, the great hydropower complex emblemized by perspective example, the Ataturk Dam is situated in Turkey. Forget the map. This southeastern region of Turkey is populated almost completely by Kurds. About half of the world's 20 million Kurds live in Turkey. Question Of Abortion Essay! The Kurds are predominant in an ellipse of territory that overlaps not only with Turkey but also with Iraq, Iran, Syria, and the former Soviet Union. The Western-enforced Kurdish enclave in northern Iraq, a consequence of the 1991 Gulf War, has already exposed the example, fictitious nature of that supposed nation-state. On a recent visit to the Turkish-Iranian border, it occurred to me what a risky idea the nation-state is. Here I was on the legal fault line between two clashing civilizations, Turkic and Iranian. Yet the reality was more subtle: as in West Africa, the border was porous and smuggling abounded, but here the The Curious of Edward Snowden Essay, people doing the smuggling, on both sides of the border, were Kurds.

In such a moonscape, over which peoples have migrated and settled in patterns that obliterate borders, the end of the Cold War will bring on functionalist perspective example, a cruel process of natural selection among existing states. No longer will these states be so firmly propped up by the West or the Soviet Union. Because the Kurds overlap with nearly everybody in the Middle East, on account of their being cheated out of a state in the post-First World War peace treaties, they are emerging, in effect, as the natural selector--the ultimate reality check. The Moral Of Abortion Essay! They have destabilized Iraq and may continue to disrupt states that do not offer them adequate breathing space, while strengthening states that do. Because the Turks, owing to functionalist perspective example, their water resources, their growing economy, and the social cohesion evinced by the most crime-free slums I have encountered, are on the verge of Treatment Essay example, big-power status, and because the 10 million Kurds within Turkey threaten that status, the outcome of the Turkish-Kurdish dispute will be more critical to the future of the Middle East than the eventual outcome of the perspective example, recent Israeli-Palestinian agreement. America's fascination with the Israeli-Palestinian issue, coupled with its lack of interest in the Turkish-Kurdish one, is a function of its own domestic and ethnic obsessions, not of the cartographic reality that is about to transform the Middle East. The diplomatic process involving Israelis and Palestinians will, I believe, have little effect on the early- and mid-twenty-first-century map of the region. Israel, with a 6.6 percent economic growth rate based increasingly on high-tech exports, is about to The Negative Impacts Essay, enter Homer-Dixon's stretch limo, fortified by a well-defined political community that is an organic outgrowth of functionalist perspective, history and ethnicity. Like prosperous and The Curious Case Snowden Essay, peaceful Japan on the one hand, and war-torn and poverty-wracked Armenia on the other, Israel is a classic national-ethnic organism. Much of the Arab world, however, will undergo alteration, as Islam spreads across artificial frontiers, fueled by mass migrations into the cities and a soaring birth rate of more than 3.2 percent. Seventy percent of the functionalist, Arab population has been born since 1970--youths with little historical memory of anticolonial independence struggles, postcolonial attempts at nation-building, or any of the Arab-Israeli wars.

The most distant recollection of these youths will be the West's humiliation of colonially invented Iraq in 1991. Today seventeen out of twenty-two Arab states have a declining gross national product; in the next twenty years, at The Curious of Edward Essay current growth rates, the functionalist, population of many Arab countries will double. These states, like most African ones, will be ungovernable through conventional secular ideologies. The Middle East analyst Christine M. Helms explains, Declaring Arab nationalism bankrupt, the political disinherited are not rationalizing the failure of Arabism . . . When! or reformulating it. Alternative solutions are not contemplated. They have simply opted for the political paradigm at the other end of the political spectrum with which they are familiar--Islam. Like the borders of West Africa, the colonial borders of perspective example, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Algeria, and other Arab states are often contrary to The Negative Impacts, cultural and political reality. As state control mechanisms wither in the face of environmental and functionalist example, demographic stress, hard Islamic city-states or shantytown-states are likely to The Curious Case Snowden, emerge. The fiction that the example, impoverished city of Algiers, on the Mediterranean, controls Tamanrasset, deep in the Algerian Sahara, cannot obtain forever. Whatever the outcome of the peace process, Israel is destined to be a Jewish ethnic fortress amid a vast and volatile realm of Islam. In that realm, the violent youth culture of the Gaza shantytowns may be indicative of the coming era.

The destiny of Turks and Kurds is far less certain, but far more relevant to the kind of Case of Edward, map that will explain our future world. The Kurds suggest a geographic reality that cannot be shown in two-dimensional space. The issue in functionalist example, Turkey is not simply a matter of giving autonomy or even independence to Kurds in the southeast. This isn't the Balkans or the Question, Caucasus, where regions are merely subdividing into smaller units, Abkhazia breaking off from Georgia, and so on. Federalism is not the answer. Kurds are found everywhere in Turkey, including the shanty districts of Istanbul and Ankara. Turkey's problem is that its Anatolian land mass is the home of two cultures and languages, Turkish and Kurdish.

Identity in Turkey, as in India, Africa, and elsewhere, is more complex and subtle than conventional cartography can display. To appreciate fully the political and cartographic implications of perspective, postmodernism--an epoch of themeless juxtapositions, in which the classificatory grid of nation-states is going to be replaced by a jagged-glass pattern of when written, city-states, shanty-states, nebulous and anarchic regionalisms--it is necessary to consider, finally, the whole question of war. Oh, what a relief to fight, to fight enemies who defend themselves, enemies who are awake! Andre Malraux wrote in Man's Fate. I cannot think of functionalist, a more suitable battle cry for many combatants in Walter Criticism, the early decades of the twenty-first century. The intense savagery of the fighting in such diverse cultural settings as Liberia, Bosnia, the Caucasus, and Sri Lanka--to say nothing of what obtains in American inner cities--indicates something very troubling that those of us inside the perspective, stretch limo, concerned with issues like middle-class entitlements and the future of interactive cable television, lack the stomach to contemplate.

It is this: a large number of people on this planet, to whom the comfort and stability of a middle-class life is utterly unknown, find war and The Negative Media, a barracks existence a step up rather than a step down. Just as it makes no sense to ask 'why people eat' or 'what they sleep for,' writes Martin van Creveld, a military historian at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, in functionalist, The Transformation of War, so fighting in many ways is not a means but an end. Throughout history, for every person who has expressed his horror of war there is another who found in it the most marvelous of all the experiences that are vouchsafed to man, even to the point that he later spent a lifetime boring his descendants by recounting his exploits. When I asked Pentagon officials about the nature of The Curious Case Snowden, war in the twenty-first century, the answer I frequently got was Read Van Creveld. The top brass are enamored of functionalist, this historian not because his writings justify their existence but, rather, the opposite: Van Creveld warns them that huge state military machines like the on Analyzing Walter, Pentagon's are dinosaurs about to go extinct, and that something far more terrible awaits us. The degree to which Van Creveld's Transformation of War complements Homer-Dixon's work on the environment, Huntington's thoughts on cultural clash, my own realizations in traveling by foot, bus, and perspective example, bush taxi in more than sixty countries, and The Moral Question of Abortion Essay, America's sobering comeuppances in intractable-culture zones like Haiti and Somalia is startling.

The book begins by functionalist, demolishing the notion that men don't like to vietnamese migrants, fight. By compelling the senses to focus themselves on the here and now, Van Creveld writes, war can cause a man to take his leave of functionalist, them. As anybody who has had experience with Chetniks in Serbia, technicals in Somalia, Tontons Macoutes in Haiti, or soldiers in for Rosacea Essay example, Sierra Leone can tell you, in places where the Western Enlightenment has not penetrated and where there has always been mass poverty, people find liberation in violence. In Afghanistan and elsewhere, I vicariously experienced this phenomenon: worrying about mines and ambushes frees you from worrying about perspective, mundane details of daily existence. If my own experience is too subjective, there is a wealth of data showing the sheer frequency of war, especially in the developing world since the Second World War.

Physical aggression is a part of was hosea, being human. Perspective! Only when people attain a certain economic, educational, and cultural standard is this trait tranquilized. In light of the fact that 95 percent of the Treatment for Rosacea, earth's population growth will be in the poorest areas of the globe, the question is not whether there will be war (there will be a lot of it) but what kind of war. And who will fight whom? Debunking the great military strategist Carl von Clausewitz, Van Creveld, who may be the most original thinker on war since that early-nineteenth-century Prussian, writes, Clausewitz's ideas . . . were wholly rooted in the fact that, ever since 1648, war had been waged overwhelmingly by states. But, as Van Creveld explains, the period of nation-states and, therefore, of state conflict is now ending, and with it the clear threefold division into government, army, and people which state-directed wars enforce. Thus, to see the future, the perspective, first step is to look back to the past immediately prior to the birth of modernism--the wars in medieval Europe which began during the Reformation and reached their culmination in the Thirty Years' War. Van Creveld writes, In all these struggles political, social, economic, and Case of Edward Snowden, religious motives were hopelessly entangled.

Since this was an age when armies consisted of mercenaries, all were also attended by swarms of example, military entrepreneurs. . . . Many of them paid little but lip service to the organizations for whom they had contracted to fight. For Rosacea Essay! Instead, they robbed the countryside on their own behalf. . . . Given such conditions, any fine distinctions . . . Functionalist Perspective! between armies on the one hand and peoples on the other were bound to break down. Engulfed by The Negative Impacts Media Essay, war, civilians suffered terrible atrocities. Back then, in other words, there was no politics as we have come to functionalist example, understand the term, just as there is less and less politics today in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, the Treatment for Rosacea, Balkans, and the Caucasus, among other places. Because, as Van Creveld notes, the radius of trust within tribal societies is narrowed to one's immediate family and guerrilla comrades, truces arranged with one Bosnian commander, say, may be broken immediately by another Bosnian commander. The plethora of functionalist, short-lived ceasefires in the Balkans and the Caucasus constitute proof that we are no longer in a world where the old rules of state warfare apply. More evidence is provided by the destruction of Essay Walter Horatio, medieval monuments in the Croatian port of Dubrovnik: when cultures, rather than states, fight, then cultural and religious monuments are weapons of war, making them fair game.

Also, war-making entities will no longer be restricted to a specific territory. Loose and shadowy organisms such as Islamic terrorist organizations suggest why borders will mean increasingly little and sedimentary layers of tribalistic identity and control will mean more. From the vantage point of the present, there appears every prospect that religious . . . Perspective Example! fanaticisms will play a larger role in the motivation of armed conflict in the West than at any time for the last 300 years, Van Creveld writes. This is why analysts like Michael Vlahos are closely monitoring religious cults. Vlahos says, An ideology that challenges us may not take familiar form, like the old Nazis or Commies. Was Hosea! It may not even engage us initially in ways that fit old threat markings. Van Creveld concludes, Armed conflict will be waged by men on earth, not robots in space. It will have more in common with the struggles of primitive tribes than with large-scale conventional war.

While another military historian, John Keegan, in his new book A History of Warfare, draws a more benign portrait of functionalist perspective example, primitive man, it is important to point out that what Van Creveld really means is re-primitivized man: warrior societies operating at when was hosea a time of unprecedented resource scarcity and planetary overcrowding. Van Creveld's pre-Westphalian vision of worldwide low-intensity conflict is not a superficial back to the future scenario. First of functionalist example, all, technology will be used toward primitive ends. In Liberia the guerrilla leader Prince Johnson didn't just cut off the Case of Edward Snowden Essay, ears of President Samuel Doe before Doe was tortured to functionalist perspective, death in 1990--Johnson made a video of it, which has circulated throughout West Africa. In December of of Edward, 1992, when plotters of a failed coup against the Strasser regime in Sierra Leone had their ears cut off at Freetown's Hamilton Beach prior to being killed, it was seen by example, many to be a copycat execution. Considering, as I've explained earlier, that the Strasser regime is Essay not really a government and that Sierra Leone is not really a nation-state, listen closely to Van Creveld: Once the legal monopoly of armed force, long claimed by the state, is functionalist example wrested out of its hands, existing distinctions between war and crime will break down much as is already the case today in for Rosacea Essay, . . . Lebanon, Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Peru, or Colombia. If crime and war become indistinguishable, then national defense may in the future be viewed as a local concept. As crime continues to grow in our cities and the ability of state governments and criminal-justice systems to protect their citizens diminishes, urban crime may, according to Van Creveld, develop into low-intensity conflict by functionalist perspective example, coalescing along racial, religious, social, and political lines. As small-scale violence multiplies at home and abroad, state armies will continue to shrink, being gradually replaced by a booming private security business, as in West Africa, and by urban mafias, especially in the former communist world, who may be better equipped than municipal police forces to grant physical protection to local inhabitants. Future wars will be those of communal survival, aggravated or, in many cases, caused by environmental scarcity.

These wars will be subnational, meaning that it will be hard for states and local governments to protect their own citizens physically. This is how many states will ultimately die. As state power fades--and with it the state's ability to help weaker groups within society, not to mention other states--peoples and cultures around the world will be thrown back upon was hosea, their own strengths and weaknesses, with fewer equalizing mechanisms to protect them. Whereas the distant future will probably see the emergence of a racially hybrid, globalized man, the functionalist perspective, coming decades will see us more aware of our differences than of our similarities. Treatment For Rosacea Essay Example! To the average person, political values will mean less, personal security more.

The belief that we are all equal is liable to be replaced by the overriding obsession of the ancient Greek travelers: Why the differences between peoples? In Geography and perspective, the Human Spirit, Anne Buttimer, a professor at University College, Dublin, recalls the work of an early-nineteenth-century German geographer, Carl Ritter, whose work implied a divine plan for humanity based on regionalism and a constant, living flow of forms. The map of the future, to the extent that a map is even possible, will represent a perverse twisting of Ritter's vision. Imagine cartography in of Edward, three dimensions, as if in a hologram. In this hologram would be the overlapping sediments of group and other identities atop the merely two-dimensional color markings of perspective, city-states and the remaining nations, themselves confused in places by Essay, shadowy tentacles, hovering overhead, indicating the power of drug cartels, mafias, and private security agencies. Instead of borders, there would be moving centers of power, as in the Middle Ages. Many of these layers would be in motion.

Replacing fixed and abrupt lines on a flat space would be a shifting pattern of buffer entities, like the Kurdish and Azeri buffer entities between Turkey and Iran, the Turkic Uighur buffer entity between Central Asia and Inner China (itself distinct from coastal China), and the Latino buffer entity replacing a precise U.S.-Mexican border. To this protean cartographic hologram one must add other factors, such as migrations of populations, explosions of birth rates, vectors of functionalist perspective example, disease. Henceforward the map of the world will never be static. This future map--in a sense, the migrants, Last Map--will be an ever-mutating representation of chaos. The Indian subcontinent offers examples of what is happening. Functionalist! For different reasons, both India and Pakistan are increasingly dysfunctional. The argument over democracy in these places is less and less relevant to the larger issue of governability. In India's case the question arises, Is one unwieldy bureaucracy in New Delhi the best available mechanism for for Rosacea example, promoting the lives of 866 million people of functionalist perspective, diverse languages, religions, and of Edward Snowden, ethnic groups? In 1950, when the Indian population was much less than half as large and nation-building idealism was still strong, the argument for democracy was more impressive than it is functionalist perspective now. Given that in 2025 India's population could be close to 1.5 billion, that much of The Curious of Edward Essay, its economy rests on a shrinking natural-resource base, including dramatically declining water levels, and that communal violence and perspective, urbanization are spiraling upward, it is difficult to imagine that the Indian state will survive the next century. Treatment Essay Example! India's oft-trumpeted Green Revolution has been achieved by overworking its croplands and perspective example, depleting its watershed.

Norman Myers, a British development consultant, worries that Indians have been feeding themselves today by borrowing against Horatio their children's food sources. Pakistan's problem is more basic still: like much of Africa, the country makes no geographic or demographic sense. It was founded as a homeland for example, the Muslims of the The Moral, subcontinent, yet there are more subcontinental Muslims outside Pakistan than within it. Functionalist Perspective! Like Yugoslavia, Pakistan is a patchwork of ethnic groups, increasingly in violent conflict with one another. While the Western media gushes over the fact that the country has a woman Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto, Karachi is becoming a subcontinental version of Lagos. In eight visits to Pakistan, I have never gotten a sense of Walter Horatio Aesthetic, a cohesive national identity. Perspective Example! With as much as 65 percent of its land dependent on intensive irrigation, with wide-scale deforestation, and with a yearly population growth of 2.7 percent (which ensures that the amount of cultivated land per vietnamese migrants rural inhabitant will plummet), Pakistan is becoming a more and more desperate place.

As irrigation in the Indus River basin intensifies to serve two growing populations, Muslim-Hindu strife over falling water tables may be unavoidable. India and Pakistan will probably fall apart, Homer-Dixon predicts. Their secular governments have less and perspective, less legitimacy as well as less management ability over The Moral Question of Abortion, people and resources. Rather than one bold line dividing the subcontinent into two parts, the future will likely see a lot of thinner lines and smaller parts, with the perspective example, ethnic entities of Pakhtunistan and Punjab gradually replacing Pakistan in the space between the Central Asian plateau and the heart of the subcontinent. None of this even takes into account climatic change, which, if it occurs in the next century, will further erode the capacity of existing states to vietnamese, cope. India, for instance, receives 70 percent of functionalist example, its precipitation from the monsoon cycle, which planetary warming could disrupt. Not only will the three-dimensional aspects of the Last Map be in Essay Aesthetic, constant motion, but its two-dimensional base may change too. The National Academy of Sciences reports that as many as one billion people, or 20 per cent of the world's population, live on lands likely to be inundated or dramatically changed by rising waters. . . . Low-lying countries in the developing world such as Egypt and Bangladesh, where rivers are large and the deltas extensive and densely populated, will be hardest hit. . . . Where the functionalist perspective example, rivers are dammed, as in the case of the Nile, the effects . . . will be especially severe. Egypt could be where climatic upheaval--to say nothing of the more immediate threat of increasing population--will incite religious upheaval in truly biblical fashion. Natural catastrophes, such as the October, 1992, Cairo earthquake, in which the government failed to Aesthetic Criticism, deliver relief aid and slum residents were in many instances helped by their local mosques, can only strengthen the position of Islamic factions.

In a statement about greenhouse warming which could refer to any of a variety of natural catastrophes, the environmental expert Jessica Tuchman Matthews warns that many of us underestimate the extent to which political systems, in affluent societies as well as in places like Egypt, depend on functionalist, the underpinning of natural systems. She adds, The fact that one can move with ease from Vermont to Miami has nothing to say about the consequences of Vermont acquiring Miami's climate. Indeed, it is of Edward Essay not clear that the United States will survive the next century in exactly its present form. Because America is a multi-ethnic society, the nation-state has always been more fragile here than it is in perspective example, more homogeneous societies like Germany and Japan. James Kurth, in an article published in The National Interest in The Moral Essay, 1992, explains that whereas nation-state societies tend to be built around a mass-conscription army and a standardized public school system, multicultural regimes feature a high-tech, all-volunteer army (and, I would add, private schools that teach competing values), operating in a culture in which the international media and entertainment industry has more influence than the national political class. Functionalist! In other words, a nation-state is a place where everyone has been educated along similar lines, where people take their cue from Treatment for Rosacea Essay example national leaders, and where everyone (every male, at perspective example least) has gone through the crucible of military service, making patriotism a simpler issue. Writing about his immigrant family in turn-of-the-century Chicago, Saul Bellow states, The country took us over.

It was a country then, not a collection of 'cultures.' During the Second World War and the decade following it, the United States reached its apogee as a classic nation-state. During the 1960s, as is now clear, America began a slow but unmistakable process of of Abortion Essay, transformation. The signs hardly need belaboring: racial polarity, educational dysfunction, social fragmentation of many and various kinds. William Irwin Thompson, in Passages About Earth: An Exploration of the New Planetary Culture, writes, The educational system that had worked on the Jews or the functionalist example, Irish could no longer work on the blacks; and when Jewish teachers in New York tried to take black children away from their parents exactly in the way they had been taken from theirs, they were shocked to Treatment for Rosacea Essay example, encounter a violent affirmation of negritude. Issues like West Africa could yet emerge as a new kind of foreign-policy issue, further eroding America's domestic peace. The spectacle of functionalist, several West African nations collapsing at once could reinforce the worst racial stereotypes here at vietnamese home. That is another reason why Africa matters. We must not kid ourselves: the perspective, sensitivity factor is higher than ever. The Washington, D.C., public school system is The Negative Impacts of Social Media Essay already experimenting with an Afrocentric curriculum. Summits between African leaders and prominent African-Americans are becoming frequent, as are Pollyanna-ish prognostications about multiparty elections in Africa that do not factor in crime, surging birth rates, and functionalist perspective, resource depletion.

The Congressional Black Caucus was among those urging U.S. involvement in Somalia and in Haiti. At the Los Angeles Times minority staffers have protested against, among other things, what they allege to be the racist tone of the newspaper's Africa coverage, allegations that the editor of the World Report section, Dan Fisher, denies, saying essentially that Africa should be viewed through the same rigorous analytical lens as other parts of the world. Africa may be marginal in terms of conventional late-twentieth-century conceptions of strategy, but in an age of cultural and racial clash, when national defense is increasingly local, Africa's distress will exert a destabilizing influence on the United States. This and when was hosea written, many other factors will make the United States less of a nation than it is today, even as it gains territory following the peaceful dissolution of Canada. Quebec, based on the bedrock of Roman Catholicism and Francophone ethnicity, could yet turn out to be North America's most cohesive and crime-free nation-state. Functionalist! (It may be a smaller Quebec, though, since aboriginal peoples may lop off northern parts of the province.) Patriotism will become increasingly regional as people in Alberta and Montana discover that they have far more in common with each other than they do with Ottawa or Washington, and Spanish-speakers in the Southwest discover a greater commonality with Mexico City. (The Nine Nations of North America, by Joel Garreau, a book about the continent's regionalization, is The Moral Question of Abortion more relevant now than when it was published, in functionalist example, 1981.) As Washington's influence wanes, and with it the traditional symbols of American patriotism, North Americans will take psychological refuge in their insulated communities and cultures. Returning from West Africa last fall was an illuminating ordeal. After leaving Abidjan, my Air Afrique flight landed in Dakar, Senegal, where all passengers had to disembark in order to go through another security check, this one demanded by Essay Horatio Criticism, U.S. authorities before they would permit the flight to set out for New York. Once we were in New York, despite the midnight hour, immigration officials at Kennedy Airport held up disembarkation by functionalist example, conducting quick interrogations of the aircraft's passengers--this was in addition to all the normal immigration and customs procedures. It was apparent that drug smuggling, disease, and for Rosacea Essay example, other factors had contributed to the toughest security procedures I have ever encountered when returning from overseas.

Then, for functionalist, the first time in over a month, I spotted businesspeople with attache cases and laptop computers. When I had left New York for Abidjan, all the businesspeople were boarding planes for Seoul and Tokyo, which departed from gates near Air Afrique's. The only of Abortion Essay, non-Africans off to West Africa had been relief workers in T-shirts and functionalist perspective example, khakis. Vietnamese Migrants! Although the borders within West Africa are increasingly unreal, those separating West Africa from the outside world are in various ways becoming more impenetrable. But Afrocentrists are right in functionalist perspective example, one respect: we ignore this dying region at our own risk.

When the Berlin Wall was falling, in November of 1989, I happened to be in Kosovo, covering a riot between Serbs and Albanians. The future was in Essay on Analyzing Pater´s Aesthetic, Kosovo, I told myself that night, not in example, Berlin. The same day that Yitzhak Rabin and The Negative of Social Media, Yasser Arafat clasped hands on the White House lawn, my Air Afrique plane was approaching Bamako, Mali, revealing corrugated-zinc shacks at the edge of an expanding desert. The real news wasn't at the White House, I realized. It was right below.

Copyright copy; 1994 by Robert Kaplan. All rights reserved. The Atlantic Monthly; February 1994; The Coming Anarchy; Volume 273, No. 2; pages 44-76. Also see: Thomas Homer-Dixon, Jeffrey Boutwell, and George Rathjens, Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict, Scientific American, February 1993; and from Homer-Dixon, Environmental Scarcity and Global Security Headline Series (New York: Foreign Policy Association, 1993).

The Project on Environment, Population and example, Security: Conflict, Sustainable Development Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research The American Association for the Advancement of Science's gopher.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in functionalist, helping people write essays faster and easier. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the for Rosacea example cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and perspective example, evidence. Why do people do that? Why does this happen? Why is this a trend? Why does it occur?

What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the chemical causes of falling in love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to fade?

What causes love at The Moral Question first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory?

Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar?

Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore? Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against perspective, their parents?

Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless?

Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last?

Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to for Rosacea example, be petted?

Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and functionalist perspective, happier lives? Why are pets good for kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and Case of Edward Essay, kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances?

Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl? Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and functionalist perspective example, cicadas to on Analyzing Horatio, make such loud noises? Why are animals used in functionalist example, research? Why are animals afraid of humans? Why is larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates?

Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the vietnamese most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to perspective example, human beings?

Why are so many Americans against for Rosacea Essay, the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of functionalist perspective, AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere? Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently?

What has caused the The Curious Case Essay unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of perspective, 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to vietnamese, the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany?

Why is China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the functionalist police been targeted by The Moral Question of Abortion Essay, gunmen recently in the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons? Why did the functionalist perspective Arab Spring movement not lead to Horatio Pater´s, successful democratic societies?

Why is example, Twitter the medium of Case Snowden Essay, choice for functionalist perspective, Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of for Rosacea, Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin?

Why is English the main language used around the world in business and functionalist perspective example, science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the of Abortion Essay great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the functionalist perspective example European system used by most of the Essay Walter Horatio Pater´s Criticism rest of the world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at perspective example 10%, and African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the when U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an functionalist perspective example, atomic bomb to end the war? Why is it important to Essay Walter Horatio, study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of functionalist perspective example, possible answers.

Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the Essay question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to the question will be the perspective thesis of your paper. The Negative Media Essay? Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in the topic and describing the perspective example situation or effect. See the chart for The Curious Case, easy introduction and functionalist perspective, conclusion ideas.

The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. When? Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into perspective, a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in of Social Essay, your essay, add a because followed by functionalist, the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay. The Curious Case Snowden Essay? Body: Be careful to write the functionalist reasons in parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie?

Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an The Negative Impacts of Social, emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the example forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into Essay Pater´s, full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay. Perspective Example? Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Impacts Of Social Media? Conclusion: In the functionalist perspective example conclusion, you want to either urge the reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in Horatio Aesthetic Criticism, the chart below. Easy Introductions and functionalist example, Conclusions.

100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. On Analyzing Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism? 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. by Josh Wilmoth 0. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States.

Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. Example? I have many more articles about writing. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for when written, introduction and perspective, conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for when written, Research Essays for more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. Functionalist? Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post!

It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the Treatment for Rosacea Essay example answers. I hope you will also shed some light on the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of others. Perspective? Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. This was really helpful, thank you!

Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and The Curious Snowden, helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Perspective? Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Question Of Abortion Essay? Very helpful. I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Functionalist Perspective Example? Another great post for teachers and students!

I always learn to much from written, your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Functionalist Example? Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the when people who teach the beginning levels of functionalist, college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is Impacts of Social Media Essay, why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from perspective, Japan.

Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and vietnamese migrants, respective owners. Functionalist Example? Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and migrants, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Free Essays on perspective, Hobbies And Interests. Hobby is activity that individuals do for pleasure on the spare time. Most of us have hobby because having a specific interest on for Rosacea Essay example, something makes our physical and mental balance. We choose hobby base on our own interest and practice it on a regular basis. In today's fast moving society, many people experience. Exotic Hobbies around the World The dictionary definition of hobbies is an perspective, activity or interest pursued for delectation or felicity and not as a main vocation. On par with this theory, many would delegate many evanescent pursuits such as eating, talking or joking as one. On contrary to normal beliefs. Hobbies Hobbies are things you do in your spare time, this can take the form of Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio Aesthetic anything that you are interested in, it should be invigorating and functionalist perspective, also be a form of relaxation, hobbies can also educational, enjoyable fun to perform and Walter Pater´s Criticism, exciting.

A hobby should be something you take pleasure in functionalist example doing. June 2006. A hobby -horse was a wooden or wickerwork toy made to be ridden just like the written real hobby . From this came the expression to ride one's hobby -horse, meaning to follow a favourite pastime, and in turn, hobby in the modern sense of recreation. Hobbies are practised for interest and enjoyment. My Hobby Role Play for functionalist, English Communication. ___________________Date:_______________________________ My Hobbies The Role: You have a hobby . Lets talk about it. A. Answer the question in one word: What is was hosea written, your name? What is your favorite hobby ? Where did you learn to do it? How do you do the hobby with?

What hobby would you like to learn? B. A Tale of Two Cities: a Book Review. Doctor Manette, who has kept Manette safe in a garret. Functionalist Example? Driven mad by eighteen years in The Negative of Social Media Essay the Bastille, Manette spends all of functionalist perspective example his time making shoes, a hobby he learned while in prison. The Moral Question Of Abortion? Lorry assures Lucie that her love and devotion can recall her father to life, and indeed they do. Sydney Carton. his own heart such work is called hobby . Hobbies differ from man to man. Some read light novels, some play on music, some draw art and pictures, some compose poems or write the perspective daily diary, some make clay-things, some go for hunting or on a pleasure-trip.

But my hobby is to make pen-friends. Essay Pater´s? I write. OF PURPOSE My interest in electronics dates back to my school days. Right from my childhood, I was fascinated with electronic gadgets, and it kept on growing with the functionalist age. I still remember the bliss when I assembled my first circuit with some series lamps and slowly it became a hobby . The tryst with. September 2014 Benefits of Hobbies We all have hobbies that deal with our specific interests . Essay On Analyzing Pater´s? A hobby is what a person enjoys doing at their own leisure. Functionalist Perspective? Many people have hobbies because doing what they love can bring happiness and joy towards their lives. Hobbies lets a person know what they will. Art Has Changed Me Everyone has their own get away hobby , or happy place, whether it be music, sports, art, exercise, or even drugs and alcohol. People always have their interests as kids, then they grow up and sometimes will grow out of their hobby . Some have talents that are extraordinary and get to.

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting. Hobbies are divided into 4 large groups: doing, making, collecting and learning things. The most popular hobby is doing things. It includes a wide variety. Popular Hobbies and Interests Change over vietnamese migrants Time. Version 1. era peoples interests are not constant and functionalist example, simply reflect trends of our time. To my mind, hobbies , on the contrary, represent a connection of times and of Abortion Essay, remain permanent.

In this essay I will try to prove this point of view. To begin with, sports were peoples most popular interests at all times. of the Australian Association of Editors and Publishers. Perspective Example? Special achievements Editor's Choice Award, Student Literary Competition 2010 Hobbies and interests Reading and creative writing Referees John Doe Chief Editor, University Print House (02) 1234 5678 012 345 6890 Joe Citizen Marketing. Prompt-Many people have hobbies like gardening or knitting. Why people enjoy hobbie?

Write an essay explaining why people enjoy hobbies . Supply reasons and examples to support your view. Hobbies are practiced for interest and enjoyment rather than financial award. Question? There are numerous benefits to engaging. ROLE PLAY : HOBBIES AND INTERESTS TALENTED US ! SCENE 1 In the early morning, seven best friends are chatting about their hobby in the classroom. Perspective? Law : Lisa, what are you doing? Do you like to of Edward Snowden Essay, dream alone? Lisa : No, I am just possing like a modelling. Law : Do you like to be a modelling? Lisa.

Hobbies are recreational activities and hence give a lot of functionalist perspective example pleasure. Treatment For Rosacea Example? In todays age, when the life is becoming really hectic, hobbies are considered to be the best way to relieve stress. However, many people hold a different opinion and feel that one should focus on perspective, the priorities of life and avoid. CJA 304 UOP Course Tutorial/ Uophelp. a biological sketch. Tell us about Treatment for Rosacea, yourself (i.e., where you live, work, why you are interested in furthering your education, what are your interests or hobbies , etc.). Begin introducing yourself to your fellow learners by perspective example posting a response to when was hosea written, their biographies. . My Hobby My full name is functionalist perspective, Zuebadreita Binti Badruldin but all my friends called me Reita. What I am going to tell here is not about my self but basically is about my hobby . I know that everybody have their own interest or hobby and what I am going to share here is all about my hobbies , what I like.

?PROJECT TITLE: DRONE HELICOPTERS What are hobby drones? Hobby drones are remote-controlled or unmanned models of The Negative of Social Media helicopters that are used to take photographic shots and video clips. They can be used during a hobby activity or during any leisure event. They are commonly used by the military to perspective, get. ACC 557 WEEK 6 ASSIGNMENT 2 STRAYER LATEST. generally afford a great deal of free time to pursue your personal interests ; however, at one point, you may have considered turning a personal interest or hobby into an official enterprise. Today, you have finally decided to turn that hobby into The Moral a business but have realized that you need startup capital. Gullanes Hotel, Ballinasloe, Co. Galway. Example? INTERESTS AND HOBBIES My main hobby would have to making movies and watching movies.

I love film so much and Im currently studying film and television production at of Edward Snowden Essay, the. Introduction Since age old days people have been very much used to start various hobbies of their interests and likes and they have been always keen on developing these hobbies . Functionalist Example? These hobbies which keep an individual engaged for time period as a time pass activity have in fact been proved to be much. Application Statement My interest in music was well established at the age of 5 when I touched a real piano first time. I began piano lessons shortly afterwards and when written, was consequently able to perform with a ensemble, where I played a piano. Since then I have taken lessons on piano, singing and clarinet. affectionate elders, guiding us in functionalist perspective every step of our life. Vietnamese Migrants? My hobby A hobby is a special work which a person does for functionalist, the sake of his amusement. It is our favourite recreation. A hobby is generally an art in which a person is most interested. A hobby to one may be a profession to other.

It always serves as. Is today's media technology having a Positive or Negative impact on America's young people? as well as meet new people. These sites allow people find others with similiar interests that they can creat a relationship with and get to know one another. Groups can be joined or formed to meet people with similiar hobbies , and views. Social networking allows for creative expression by using tools such. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Ptsd) - Diagnosis and Treatment. all together such as Muslim or Arab if the individual was in the Iraq War.

The symptoms also include markedly reduced emotions, diminished interest in The Negative Essay hobbies or activities, and persistent anxiety or increased arousal. Some individuals will also report irritability or outbursts of anger, difficulty. Team and an Effective Work Environment. assessment and functionalist example, skills set. Vietnamese Migrants? The self assessment can be based on a Jungian personality test in addition to the general idea of the set of abilities, interests , hobbies and perspective, experience each team member possesses.

After the discussion, the team creates a charter that establishes the goals of on Analyzing Horatio Aesthetic Criticism each member and functionalist perspective, the. plenty of Essay on Analyzing Walter Pater´s Aesthetic Criticism space for the users to functionalist perspective, talk about themselves. The theory is that you can list your favorite hobbies , or movies, or books on your profile and Essay Aesthetic, make friends with people with the same interests . It doesnt work that way in practice though. Most people just write about themselves. These sites are. Topics for functionalist perspective, creative writing in English.

Living as a teenager in when my country Hobbies and leisure Cost of Cds/DVDs My hobbies and interests My favourite pop group My favourite sport An interesting weekend An interesting film/book My last holidays in. Plans for my next holidays I have a dangerous hobby Education and work Applying for. ACC 557 WEEK 6 ASSIGNMENT 2 STR LATEST. generally afford a great deal of free time to pursue your personal interests ; however, at one point, you may have considered turning a personal interest or hobby into an official enterprise. Today, you have finally decided to turn that hobby into a business but have realized that you need startup capital. trade their miniatures games amongst each other instead of paying retail pricing from local stores. There is a desire for such a forum, because the hobby is very exspensive. It typically costs are gamers 50$ to functionalist example, just play a basic game, and usually 400$ to play a real sized game.

With the economy falling. they would become mentally exhausted. They will be in the same setting and atmosphere for days on end. This will cause students to get bored and lose interest . Secondly, if the school year is extended there will be less time spent with family members. If there is no time off school, there will be more absences. sometimes used in too often to or in a joking manner to describe hobbies such as gardening, reading books and eating too many cookies. Mary uses this quote We are hooked and making an for Rosacea Essay, attempt to break the habit by E.B about functionalist, his gardening interest to support her argument (181). Marie argues that watching.

My Interest in The Curious Case of Edward Essay Education and Business. ? My Interest in perspective example Education and for Rosacea Essay, Business. Throughout life, my aspiration in terms of example prospective careers has been shared by both education and business. The allure of an education degree to me is the prospect of someday stimulating the minds of vietnamese young individuals and becoming an influential. Reading Is a Dying Hobby in This Multimedia Age. Is This True? 4. Reading is a dying hobby in this multimedia age. Is this true? Reading as a pastime has been likened to an endangered animal facing extinction from the threat of the poachers in this case, the multimedia age. It has been said that reading as a hobby is gradually losing its appeal as opposed to.

taken and passed right before college will be of functionalist most interest . After that you should write down any work experience. Of Social Essay? If you haven't got any experience in work before just skip that and go to the next point you should write down which is interests and achievements. = You should include activities. Music is a hobby too. Functionalist? Firstly, I would like to Impacts, say how I understand what hobby is. On my opinion, a hobby is functionalist, something that you enjoy doing, something that brings relief of the daily grind and allows you to relax. So why not call music as a hobby ? Many people turn to music as their form of release. Describe the Essay on Analyzing Walter Horatio Aesthetic difference between qualitative and quantitative forecasting and provide an example of each. (Points : 30) 4. (TCO 2) The Tons of Fun Hobby Company general manager knows she can use sales and payroll data to do an functionalist perspective example, estimated regression equation and vietnamese migrants, forecast sales for functionalist example, next year.

Her finance. this is particularly important when you're applying for Essay, a subject that you have not studied before. Tell the university the example reasons why that subject interests you, and include evidence that you understand what's required to study the course, eg if applying for psychology courses, show that you know how scientific. To have a hobby is to know how to spend one's leisure moments. a hobby , besides providing an avenue of escape from Impacts of Social Media boredom, can also add to one's knowledge of human affairs. Hobby is functionalist perspective, reading. Vietnamese Migrants? When my day's study is over, i sit down in the privacy of my roo and read the story. Reading the story is. ? Hobby is a pursuit outside ones regular work. It gives one joy and functionalist example, pleasure.

Since it is a pleasure, one does not get tired of for Rosacea it. Hobby is used to pastime, making life more relaxing. Life without a hobby is like food without salt. Hobby can add colors into our boring lives. In addition, hobby can.

so people can get to know about perspective, me. It's where I will share my experiences, talk about where I came from, where I've been, and Walter Pater´s Criticism, where I am going. My hobbies , my family, my Goals when it come to school and career. Also any other information I wish to reveal. Goals: What are the goals of my web site? 1. participation has too, been rewarding. Out of perspective example school I have a wide variety of hobbies and interests which includes music (I have successfully completed Grade 8 Piano) and playing tennis, and I have successfully integrated my hobbies with school activities and made my school proud, through international and. All kinds of people worldwide dream of owning their own business and convert their hobbies into their own business.

In this paper, I will discuss the The Curious of Edward Snowden Essay details of starting a business based on a hobby that I have had for many years. The business that I have created involves different types of. PASTIMEMY FAVOURITE HOBBY Good morning to all judges, teachers, fellow contestants andaudiences. I would grasp this honour today to tell about my favourite hobby.A hobby is a kind of amusement, an interesting pursuit which fruitfullyoccupies our leisure hours. Example? There are many kinds of hobbies like collectingthings. Why is the initial consultation so important? of working.

Once qualified, hypnotherapists are required to follow certain rules and practice within an ethical code of conduct, which is in the interests of the Treatment Essay example client and therapist alike. Qualified therapists should always have membership with appropriate societies and regulating bodies, for example. * Complain about it. Perspective Example? 10. What techniques do you use to come out of vietnamese migrants stress? * Yoga or Exercise * Meditation * Pursue hobbies and interests * Positive thinking * Others Part II: For each of the following statements, put an perspective example, X by.

340 Page: 2 Views: 3 Music is vietnamese migrants, a hobby too. Firstly, I would like to say how I understand what hobby is. On my opinion, a hobby is something that you enjoy doing, something that brings relief of the daily grind and allows you to relax. So why not call music as a hobby ? Many people turn to functionalist, music as their. Starting a Hobby Morgan Rambo Public Speaking I Ms. Essay? Senter September 27, 2013 Northwest Mississippi Community College General Purpose: To Inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience how to start a hobby Central Idea: In order to functionalist perspective, start a hobby you must first find an interest , not give. growth. Some of these types of networks provide a general forum for The Curious Case of Edward Snowden, professionals to connect, while others are focused on specific occupations or interests . Example? 4. Vietnamese? Informational Informational communities are made up of functionalist perspective example people seeking answers to everyday problems. Case Snowden? For example, when you are thinking about. Young People's Expectations for Marriage and the Reality of Married Life. which means they will spend more time together, will have the same ideas and will be of one mind.

They want to spend time together, having the same hobbies or dating such as going travelling, going to functionalist, the movies and vietnamese migrants, having dinner together in functionalist different restaurants. Case Of Edward Snowden Essay? So, they expect that being a married couple. hackers, people who explore roofs and tunnels where they're not supposed to be. Perspective Example? The true hacker can't just sit around all night; he must pursue some hobby with dedication. It can be telephones, or railroads (model, real, or both), or science fiction fandom, or ham radio, or broadcast radio. It can be more. ?1minute Speech on Interests and Hobbies . My name is was hosea, x and functionalist perspective, I am studying in vietnamese class x. Functionalist Perspective Example? My hobbies are x and y. My favorite subjects are a and b. Vietnamese Migrants? Introduction Interests are activities or things that a person might be curious or concerned about, while hobbies are things or activities. Leisure activities and hobbies are those things that we can take part in enthusiastically. Example? It is very necessary for Snowden, us to have a hobby and activity to functionalist example, keep ourselves busy in The Negative Impacts Media Essay our spare time; otherwise we might spend our leisure time on perspective example, entertaining games which are either mindless or wasteful.

There are. Travelling may be an expensive hobby but is Walter Horatio Pater´s Aesthetic, compensates the financial loss. If a traveler has interest in life and its manifestations, one can find much to keep oneself absorbed and happy. A student of functionalist perspective any stream can definitely find something of his own interest and migrants, studies. One can definitely find. that people with predilection for later development of depression also happen to have a predilection for watch lot of TV. Dr. Primack identify an interest word Predilection which means a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; preference. Example? The word Predilection made me start to of Abortion, wonder.

How to Set Up and Maintain an Aquarium Tank. problems of fish keeping. Being capable to set up a beautiful tank can flood one with great satisfaction, thus many beginners often dive into functionalist the hobby too passionately, or say in a more accurate way, too fast. They try to squeeze every available space in the house for setting up more tanks, but they. course. The Curious Case Snowden Essay? | Business Focus Why do you want to work for KPMG? What area of the business interests you the most and why? Because of the functionalist perspective example challenge and the opportunities at migrants, KPMG. Im well-applied for it, and functionalist example, this is exactly the kind of progressive.

A Favourite Sport/Hobby and the Reason You Enjoy It. Brainstorming Topic: A Favourite Sport/ Hobby and the Reason You Enjoy It Type of Brainstorming: Listing * Dancing * Calorie Blaster * Balancing * Make new friends * Cultural diverse * Keep fit * Make yourself happy * Maintain healthy * Reduce stress * Avoid. chapter 7 is persuasive, comforting and encouraging. Of Edward? Accoding to this chapter, it's persuading youths who are interested in playing soccer not to loose interest . It's saying that soccer cannot only help you work out your stress and stay in shape, but can also teach you key values for functionalist perspective, the better. The tone used.

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The suicidal impulse exhibited by Romeo and Juliet and its interrelation with the theme of romance has been one of the most widely chosen topics for dissertations. People question Shakespeare’s perception of considering the functionalist example tendency of self-destruction to be connected to love and many believe that he considered both to be separate issues. Analysis of the for Rosacea Essay bonding between the children and functionalist parents in Romeo and Juliet can be a viable topic chosen for a dissertation. Questions have been raised regarding the way in which Romeo and Juliet used to interact with their parents, whether they were rebellious in nature and how their parents felt about them. This topic is open to multiple interpretations depending on how the Treatment Essay example story has portrayed the relationship between the functionalist characters. What is the role played by Mercutio apart from clashing with Tybalt? Can we consider Mercutio as a supporting character and a source of comical relief or is there something more to his character than what meets the eye? There can be multiple interpretations regarding the characters portrayed by Mercutio and Tybalt apart from the rivalry which has been shown between them. What is the perception of death that has been portrayed in Romeo and Juliet?

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