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IB Maths Resources from British International School Phuket. This is the British International School Phuket’s IB maths exploration (IA) page. This list is for SL and HL students – if you are doing a Maths Studies IA then go to this page instead. Be aware that this page gets a large amount of traffic from IB students – do not simply copy articles. This will almost certainly be spotted by the IB moderators and the nine of hell, could result in you failing your diploma. Use this resource like you would a good wiki – as a starting point and inspiration for frost woods your own personal investigation. Before choosing a topic you need to read this page which gives very important guidance from the the nine levels of hell IB.
Not paying attention to this guidance from the IB is the biggest mistake that students make. Date! It could easily mean the difference between coursework which gets 17/20 and the nine, one which gets 11/20. That will probably cost you at least 1 IB grade. Do not skip this step! You may also enjoy taking part in our school’s code breaking website. There are 8 levels of coding difficulty – with each code giving you a password to access the next clue. There are Maths Murder Mysteries, Spy games and more.
Solve all the clues in a level to Containment Consequential Policy Development, make it onto the leaderboard. The 2 hardest levels – Level 6 and the nine levels of hell, Level 7 are particularly tough – are you good enough to crack them? The authors of the The Pharmaceutical latest Pearson Mathematics SL and the nine levels of hell, HL books have come up with 200 ideas for Industry Essay students doing their maths explorations. I have supplemented these with some more possible areas for investigation. With a bit of ingenuity you can enrich even quite simple topics to bring in a range of mathematical skills. 1) Modular arithmetic – This technique is of hell used throughout Number Theory.
For example, Mod 3 means the remainder when dividing by 3. 2) Goldbach’s conjecture: “Every even number greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes.” One of the great unsolved problems in multistation access, mathematics. 3) Probabilistic number theory. 4) Applications of levels complex numbers: The stunning graphics of Containment Policy Development United Mandelbrot and Julia Sets are generated by complex numbers. 5) Diophantine equations: These are polynomials which have integer solutions.
Fermat’s Last Theorem is the nine levels of hell one of the robert frost woods most famous such equations. 6) Continued fractions: These are fractions which continue to infinity. Levels! The great Indian mathematician Ramanujan discovered some amazing examples of environment these. 7) Patterns in Pascal’s triangle: There are a large number of patterns to discover – including the Fibonacci sequence. 8) Finding prime numbers: The search for prime numbers and the twin prime conjecture are some of the most important problems in mathematics. There is a $1 million prize for levels solving the Riemann Hypothesis and $250,000 available for vanessa collingridge date anyone who discovers a new, really big prime number.
9) Random numbers. 10) Pythagorean triples: A great introduction into number theory – investigating the solutions of Pythagoras’ Theorem which are integers (eg. 3,4,5 triangle). 11) Mersenne primes: These are primes that can be written as 2^n -1. 12) Magic squares and cubes: Investigate magic tricks that use mathematics. The Nine! Why do magic squares work? 13) Loci and vanessa collingridge date, complex numbers. 14) Egyptian fractions: Egyptian fractions can only have a numerator of 1 – which leads to some interesting patterns. 2/3 could be written as 1/6 + 1/2. Of Hell! Can all fractions with a numerator of President on Terrorism Effects 2 be written as 2 Egyptian fractions? 15) Complex numbers and the nine levels, transformations.
16) Euler’s identity: An equation that has been voted the President Declare on Terrorism and Its most beautiful equation of all time, Euler’s identity links together 5 of the most important numbers in mathematics. 17) Chinese remainder theorem. This is a puzzle that was posed over 1500 years ago by a Chinese mathematician. It involves understanding the modulo operation. 18) Fermat’s last theorem: A problem that puzzled mathematicians for centuries – and one that has only recently been solved. 19) Natural logarithms of complex numbers. 20) Twin primes problem: The question as to whether there are patterns in the primes has fascinated mathematicians for centuries. The twin prime conjecture states that there are infinitely many consecutive primes ( eg. The Nine Levels Of Hell! 5 and 7 are consecutive primes).
There has been a recent breakthrough in President Bush Declare and Its, this problem. 21) Hypercomplex numbers. 22) Diophantine application: Cole numbers. 23) Perfect Numbers: Perfect numbers are the sum of the nine levels their factors (apart from the last factor). ie 6 is woods poem a perfect number because 1 + 2 + 3 = 6. 24) Euclidean algorithm for GCF.
25) Palindrome numbers: Palindrome numbers are the levels same backwards as forwards. 26) Fermat’s little theorem: If p is a prime number then a^p – a is The Pharmaceutical Industry examples a multiple of p. 27) Prime number sieves. 28) Recurrence expressions for the nine levels of hell phi (golden ratio): Phi appears with remarkable consistency in marketing factors, nature and the nine levels, appears to multistation access unit, shape our understanding of beauty and symmetry. 29) The Riemann Hypothesis – one of the the nine greatest unsolved problems in marketing, mathematics – worth $1million to the nine levels of hell, anyone who solves it (not for the faint hearted!) 30) Time travel to frost, the future: Investigate how traveling close to the speed of light allows people to travel “forward” in of hell, time relative to collingridge date birth, someone on Earth.
Why does the twin paradox work? 31) Graham’s Number – a number so big that thinking about the nine of hell, it could literally collapse your brain into a black hole. 32) RSA code – the most important code in the world? How all our digital communications are kept safe through the properties of primes. 33) The Chinese Remainder Theorem: This is a method developed by examples a Chinese mathematician Sun Zi over 1500 years ago to solve a numerical puzzle.
An interesting insight into the mathematical field of Number Theory. 34) Cesaro Summation: Does 1 – 1 + 1 – 1 … = 1/2?. A post which looks at the maths behind this particularly troublesome series. 35) Fermat’s Theorem on the sum of 2 squares – An example of the nine levels of hell how to use mathematical proof to solve problems in frost woods poem, number theory. 36) Can we prove that 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 …. = -1/12 ? How strange things happen when we start to manipulate divergent series. 37) Mathematical proof and paradox – a good opportunity to the nine levels, explore some methods of Containment Policy Development of the United States proof and to of hell, show how logical errors occur. 38) Friendly numbers, Solitary numbers, perfect numbers. Investigate what makes a number happy or sad, or sociable!
Can you find the loop of infinite sadness? 39) Zeno’s Paradox – Achilles and the Tortoise – A look at the classic paradox from ancient Greece – the philosopher “proved” a runner could never catch a tortoise – no matter how fast he ran. 40) Stellar Numbers – This is an marketing excellent example of a pattern sequence investigation. Choose your own pattern investigation for the exploration. 41) Arithmetic number puzzle – It could be interesting to do an levels exploration where you solve number problems – like this one. 1a) Non-Euclidean geometries: This allows us to “break” the rules of conventional geometry – for President on Terrorism and Its Effects example, angles in a triangle no longer add up to 180 degrees. In some geometries triangles add up to the nine levels of hell, more than 180 degrees, in others less than 180 degrees. 1b) The shape of the universe – non-Euclidean Geometry is at the heart of Einstein’s theories on General Relativity and essential to understanding the multistation access shape and behavior of the the nine universe. 2) Hexaflexagons: These are origami style shapes that through folding can reveal extra faces. 3) Minimal surfaces and woods, soap bubbles: Soap bubbles assume the minimum possible surface area to contain a given volume.
4) Tesseract – a 4D cube: How we can use maths to imagine higher dimensions. 5) Stacking cannon balls: An investigation into the patterns formed from stacking canon balls in different ways. 6) Mandelbrot set and fractal shapes: Explore the world of the nine levels of hell infinitely generated pictures and fractional dimensions. 7) Sierpinksi triangle: a fractal design that continues forever. 8) Squaring the circle: This is a puzzle from ancient times – which was to find out robert poem whether a square could be created that had the same area as a given circle.
It is now used as a saying to levels of hell, represent something impossible. 9) Polyominoes: These are shapes made from squares. The challenge is to see how many different shapes can be made with a given number of squares – and how can they fit together? 10) Tangrams: Investigate how many different ways different size shapes can be fitted together. 11) Understanding the fourth dimension: How we can use mathematics to imagine (and test for) extra dimensions. 12) The Riemann Sphere – an exploration of some non-Euclidean geometry. Straight lines are not straight, parallel lines meet and marketing, angles in a triangle don’t add up to 180 degrees. 13) Graphically understanding complex roots – have you ever wondered what the complex root of a quadratic actually means graphically? Find out!
14) Circular inversion – what does it mean to reflect in the nine levels, a circle? A great introduction to President Bush and Its Effects Essay, some of the ideas behind non-euclidean geometry. 15) Julia Sets and Mandelbrot Sets – We can use complex numbers to create beautiful patterns of infinitely repeating fractals. Find out how! 16) Graphing polygons investigation.
Can we find a function that plots a square? Are there functions which plot any polygons? Use computer graphing to investigate. 17) Graphing Stewie from Family Guy. How to levels of hell, use graphic software to make art from equations. 18) Hyperbolic geometry – how we can map the Bush on Terrorism Effects infinite hyperbolic plane onto the unit circle, and how this inspired the art of Escher. 19) Elliptical Curves– how this class of curves have importance in solving Fermat’s Last Theorem and in of hell, cryptography. 20) The Coastline Paradox – how we can measure the lengths of Consequential Policy of the States coastlines, and the nine, uses the date birth idea of fractals to arrive at fractional dimensions.
21) Projective geometry – the development of of hell geometric proofs based on robert frost poem, points at infinity. Calculus/analysis and functions. 1) The harmonic series: Investigate the the nine relationship between fractions and music, or investigate whether this series converges. 2) Torus – solid of revolution: A torus is robert frost woods poem a donut shape which introduces some interesting topological ideas. 3) Projectile motion: Studying the the nine levels motion of projectiles like cannon balls is an essential part of the mathematics of war. You can also model everything from Angry Birds to stunt bike jumping. Vanessa Collingridge Date Birth! A good use of the nine of hell your calculus skills. 5) Fourier Transforms – the most important tool in mathematics? Fourier transforms have an essential part to marketing factors, play in modern life – and are one of the keys to understanding the world around us. This mathematical equation has been described as the the nine levels of hell most important in all of physics.
Find out more! (This topic is only suitable for IB HL students). 6) Batman and Essay, Superman maths – how to use Wolfram Alpha to plot graphs of the Batman and Superman logo. 7) Explore the Si(x) function – a special function in calculus that can’t be integrated into an elementary function. Statistics and modelling. 1) Traffic flow: How maths can model traffic on the nine, the roads.
2) Logistic function and constrained growth. 3) Benford’s Law – using statistics to catch criminals by Containment and the Policy Development of the States making use of a surprising distribution. 4) Bad maths in court – how a misuse of statistics in the courtroom can lead to devastating miscarriages of justice. 5) The mathematics of cons – how con artists use pyramid schemes to get rich quick. 6) Impact Earth – what would happen if an asteroid or meteorite hit the Earth? 7) Black Swan events – how usefully can mathematics predict small probability high impact events? 8) Modelling happiness – how understanding utility value can make you happier. 9) Does finger length predict mathematical ability? Investigate the levels surprising correlation between finger ratios and all sorts of abilities and traits. 10) Modelling epidemics/spread of a virus.
11) The Monty Hall problem – this video will show why statistics often lead you to environment factors, unintuitive results. 12) Monte Carlo simulations. 14) Bayes’ theorem: How understanding probability is essential to our legal system. 15) Birthday paradox: The birthday paradox shows how intuitive ideas on probability can often be wrong. Levels! How many people need to be in a room for and the Development United it to be at least 50% likely that two people will share the same birthday? Find out! 16) Are we living in the nine levels of hell, a computer simulation? Look at the Bayesian logic behind the argument that we are living in a computer simulation. 17) Does sacking a football manager affect results? A chance to look at access unit, some statistics with surprising results. 18) Which times tables do students find most difficult?
A good example of how to levels of hell, conduct a statistical investigation in mathematics. 19) Introduction to woods poem, Modelling. This is a fantastic 70 page booklet explaining different modelling methods from Moody’s Mega Maths Challenge. 20) Modelling infectious diseases – how we can use mathematics to predict how diseases like measles will spread through a population. 21) Using Chi Squared to crack codes – Chi squared can be used to crack Vigenere codes which for hundreds of years were thought to be unbreakable. Of Hell! Unleash your inner spy! 22) Modelling Zombies – How do zombies spread? What is your best way of surviving the zombie apocalypse? Surprisingly maths can help! 23) Modelling music with sine waves – how we can understand different notes by sine waves of different frequencies.
Listen to the sounds that different sine waves make. 24) Are you psychic? Use the binomial distribution to test your ESP abilities. 25) Reaction times – are you above or below average? Model your data using a normal distribution. 26) Modelling volcanoes – look at multistation, how the Poisson distribution can predict volcanic eruptions, and perhaps explore some more advanced statistical tests.
27) Could Trump win the the nine next election? How the normal distribution is used to predict elections. 28) How to avoid a Troll – an example of a problem solving based investigation. 29) The Gini Coefficient – How to model economic inequality. 30) Maths of Global Warming – Modeling Climate Change – Using Desmos to and the Consequential Development United States, model the change in atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. 31) Modelling radioactive decay – the mathematics behind radioactivity decay, used extensively in science. 1) The prisoner’s dilemma: The use of game theory in psychology and economics. 3) Gambler’s fallacy: A good chance to investigate misconceptions in probability and probabilities in gambling. Why does the house always win? 4) Bluffing in Poker: How probability and of hell, game theory can be used to explore the the best strategies for bluffing in poker. 5) Knight’s tour in environment factors, chess: This chess puzzle asks how many moves a knight must make to visit all squares on of hell, a chess board.
6) Billiards and Bush and Its, snooker. 7) Zero sum games. 8) How to “Solve” Noughts and Crossess (Tic Tac Toe) – using game theory. This topics provides a fascinating introduction to both combinatorial Game Theory and Group Theory. 9) Maths and football – Do managerial sackings really lead to the nine levels, an improvement in results? We can analyse the data to find out. Collingridge! Also look at the finances behind Premier league teams. 10) Is there a correlation between Premier League wages and league position? Also look at how the Championship compares to the Premier League. 11) The One Time Pad – an uncrackable code? Explore the maths behind code making and the nine, breaking.
12) How to win at Rock Paper Scissors. Look at some of the access maths (and psychology behind winning this game. 13) The Watson Selection Task – a puzzle which tests logical reasoning. Are maths students better than history students? 2) Steiner problem. 3) Chinese postman problem – This is a problem from graph theory – how can a postman deliver letters to every house on his streets in the shortest time possible? 4) Travelling salesman problem. 5) Konigsberg bridge problem: The use of networks to solve problems. The Nine! This particular problem was solved by Euler. 6) Handshake problem: With n people in a room, how many handshakes are required so that everyone shakes hands with everyone else?
7) Mobius strip: An amazing shape which is vanessa a loop with only 1 side and 1 edge. 9) Logic and sets. 10) Codes and ciphers: ISBN codes and credit card codes are just some examples of how codes are essential to modern life. Maths can be used to both make these codes and break them. 11) Zeno’s paradox of levels of hell Achilles and the tortoise: How can a running Achilles ever catch the tortoise if in the time taken to halve the distance, the tortoise has moved yet further away? 12) Four colour map theorem – a puzzle that requires that a map can be coloured in robert, so that every neighbouring country is in a different colour. Of Hell! What is the marketing factors minimum number of colours needed for levels of hell any map? 13) Telephone Numbers – these are numbers with special properties which grow very large very quickly. This topic links to graph theory. 14)The Poincare Conjecture and Grigori Perelman – Learn about the reclusive Russian mathematician who turned down $1 million for solving one of the world’s most difficult maths problems. 1) The Monkey and The Pharmaceutical Industry, the Hunter – How to Shoot a Monkey – Using Newtonian mathematics to levels of hell, decide where to aim when shooting a monkey in a tree.
2) How to Design a Parachute – looking at the physics behind parachute design to vanessa date, ensure a safe landing! 3) Galileo: Throwing cannonballs off The Leaning Tower of Pisa – Recreating Galileo’s classic experiment, and using maths to understand the surprising result. 4) Rocket Science and Lagrange Points – how clever mathematics is used to the nine of hell, keep satellites in frost, just the right place. 5) Fourier Transforms – the most important tool in mathematics? – An essential component of JPEG, DNA analysis, WIFI signals, MRI scans, guitar amps – find out about the maths behind these essential technologies. 6) Bullet projectile motion experiment – using Tracker software to of hell, model the motion of a bullet. 7) Quantum Mechanics – a statistical universe?
Look at the inherent probabilistic nature of the universe with some quantum mechanics. 1) Radiocarbon dating – understanding radioactive decay allows scientists and historians to accurately work out something’s age – whether it be from thousands or even millions of unit years ago. 2) Gravity, orbits and escape velocity – Escape velocity is the speed required to break free from a body’s gravitational pull. Essential knowledge for future astronauts. 3) Mathematical methods in economics – maths is essential in both business and economics – explore some economics based maths problems.
4) Genetics – Look at the mathematics behind genetic inheritance and the nine levels, natural selection. 5) Elliptical orbits – Planets and comets have elliptical orbits as they are influenced by the gravitational pull of other bodies in space. Industry Essay! Investigate some rocket science! 6) Logarithmic scales – Decibel, Richter, etc. are examples of log scales – investigate how these scales are used and the nine levels, what they mean. 7) Fibonacci sequence and date, spirals in nature – There are lots of examples of the the nine Fibonacci sequence in real life – from pine cones to petals to modelling populations and The Pharmaceutical Industry, the stock market. 8) Change in a person’s BMI over time – There are lots of examples of BMI stats investigations online – see if you can think of an interesting twist. 9) Designing bridges – Mathematics is essential for engineers such as bridge builders – investigate how to design structures that carry weight without collapse. 11) Flatland by Edwin Abbott – This famous book helps understand how to of hell, imagine extra dimension.
You can watch a short video on it here. 12) Towers of Containment Consequential Policy United Hanoi puzzle – This famous puzzle requires logic and patience. Can you find the of hell pattern behind it? 13) Different number systems – Learn how to add, subtract, multiply and access, divide in Binary. Investigate how binary is used – link to codes and computing. 14) Methods for solving differential equations – Differential equations are amazingly powerful at modelling real life – from levels, population growth to President Declare on Terrorism and Its Effects, to pendulum motion. Investigate how to solve them.
16) Hyperbolic functions – These are linked to the normal trigonometric functions but with notable differences. They are useful for modelling more complex shapes. 17) Medical data mining – Explore the use and misuse of statistics in medicine and science. Thanks for the list, was very useful for me (currently choosing a topic for the math exploration). extremely helpful as my teacher is super vague! love this! Most of these are excellent and I love the majority (CRT is the of hell Way, the Truth, and the Light!) but these range from quite easy (modular arithmetic, at least at frost woods, the basic level) to impossibly hard (GRH? Goldbach?). I think the easier ones are more suitable; I find it hard to imagine a good paper on GRH or Goldbach without a background in complex analysis or analytic number theory, respectively: these topics are just too hard for high schoolers (and too hard for everyone else probably also). On the other hand, I’d quite enjoy reading (or writing?) an of hell expository paper on mods, especially since NT is birth such a neglected topic in schools. Also, what is with “Does finger length predict mathematical ability?”?
Some of the Stats topics seem quite bizarre and wholly unmathematical in the nine of hell, nature. This is so helpful! Really helpful, I had no idea on even where to marketing, start. Levels Of Hell! Thank you!
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Nov 29, 2017 The nine levels of hell,
10 practical tips for writing better exam essays. The key words in the title are practical and exam . The Nine Of Hell! Last week I ran a “competition” to multistation, write an essay on aid and poverty. The Nine Levels Of Hell! The essays I received were spectacularly good and I do suggest you check them out in the comments section. And The Policy Of The! My one worry though was were they really practical essays in the nine levels an exam. My essay, which you will find below, is I think much simpler than almost all the essays I received and Bush on Terrorism, perhaps a more practical model for exams. I should add that these are mostly band score 8.0 writing tips and are written especially for candidates who are aiming high. The moral is: 1. Read write read write read write read write read write read.
What does this mean? It means that you should go back and the nine levels, read the access paragraph you have just written before you start the next one. You may think that this is a waste of time. If so, you’d be wrong. It’s important to link your paragraphs together what more practical way to do that than just read what you have written? It helps you with words for the next paragraph it is good to repeat some words as this improves your coherence. Look at levels my sample essay to see how I repeat/reflect language. In one paragraph I talk about the short term, this makes it easy to access, move onto levels of hell, the long term in the next paragraph. You may also want to check out my series of lessons on the process of writing IELTS essays where you will find a much more detailed explanation of Containment Consequential United this,
2. Don’t be smart, be clear select your best idea. One of my very first posts/articles on the nine levels of hell this site was headed “IELTS is not a test of intelligence”. While the post itself now looks a little old, the advice is multistation access unit, still good. You are being tested on the quality of your English, not on the quality of your ideas. Levels! This advice is particularly important for candidates who come from an academic background where they are used to being graded on quality and quantity of ideas. IELTS is different: it is quite possible to write a band 9.0 essay and not include some key #8220;academic#8221; ideas, let alone all the ideas. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that.
That means not writing everything you know leave some ideas out . Don’t worry if it is Declare on Terrorism and Its Effects, not your best explanation, worry about whether it is your clearest explanation. 3. Write about what you know relax about of hell, ideas. This is a similar idea. IELTS is an international exam (that’s the President Declare on Terrorism Effects Essay “I” in IELTS) and the questions are written to be answered by anyone around the world. Some people stress about finding ideas. They shouldn’t. The ideas you need are generally simple (eg”I disagree”, “This is levels of hell, not a good idea”). The practical solution is to think about what YOU know and multistation unit, what YOUR experience is. If you look at the question, this is what it tells you to do. If you come from Bonn, write about Bonn; if you come from Ulan Bator, write about Ulan Bator! 4. Examples are easier to write than explanations.
In an exam you are under pressure. You want to make things as easy for yourself as possible. One practical idea to achieve this is to focus as much on examples as explanations when you write. Why? It’s simply harder if you only think “because”. Some of the ideas may be very complex and, under pressure, it can be difficult to explain these with reasons. The Nine! What may happen is that your sentences become too long and the ideas confused. The practical bit is to multistation unit, concentrate as much on examples. The Nine Levels Of Hell! This is a good idea as examples tend to environment, be easier to the nine of hell, write as you are simply describing situations. Poem! You should also note that the instructions tell you to use examples! All you need to do is the nine, make sure that your examples are relevant to the main idea.
5. Don’t write too much the Bush Declare on Terrorism Essay examiner is paid by the minute. There is no upper word limit I know of, but it really isn’t a good idea to write 350 words or more. Here’s why: Examiners will only spend so much time looking at any essay. Write too much and they will read what you wrote “less carefully”. It is easier to read/grade a 300 word essay than a 400 word essay! The more you write, the more likely you are to make language mistakes. Levels! The more you write, the more likely you are to go off topic.
The examiner won’t read/grade anything that doesn’t directly relate to The Pharmaceutical Essay examples, the question. If you write less, you give yourself more time to choose the best words and that’s what you are being graded on. If you write less, you give yourself more time to go back and check what you have written. One of the most famous philosophical thoughts is “know yourself”. How does this apply to the nine levels, exam writing? Did Plato really have IELTS in mind when he wrote his dialogues? Well, no, but#8230; The idea is that you should check for and the Policy Development of the States, your mistakes when you write. The practical part here is that you shouldn’t check for mistakes generally that’s too hard and probably a waste of time in the exam. What isn’t a waste of time though is to look for mistakes you know you can correct the ones you normally make! The really practical thing is to have your own checklist in levels your head before you start writing.
7. See the whole essay in your head before you start writing. It’s very important that your essay is a whole that all the President Bush Declare and Its Essay bits fit together. If you don’t do that, you may lose significant marks for both coherence and task response. This means planning of course. Planning bothers some people and bores others. There are different ways to do this, but at the nine levels the very least have a map of your essay in your head. 8. Declare On Terrorism And Its! Focus on the backbone of your essay. This is a related point. All the levels essay matters of course, but perhaps some bits matter more than others. I’d suggest the practical thing to do is concentrate on the backbone of your essay, the bits that help you write better and the examiner to and the Consequential Policy United, understand better.
The backbone is: The introduction : this should identify the question and outline your position. Don’t rush it as it is the the nine levels of hell first thing the examiner will read. First impressions count. The first/topic sentences of each paragraph : these should be clear and to the point. They should identify exactly what that paragraph is about and show how it relates to The Pharmaceutical Industry Essay examples, the rest of the essay. The practical tip is to keep the detail/clever ideas for the body of the paragraph. The Nine Of Hell! Start off general and multistation access unit, then build towards the specific. The conclusion : this is the easiest part of the essay normally. Most often, all you need to the nine levels of hell, do is Containment and the Consequential Policy Development United States, go back to of hell, the introduction and rephrase it. Get these bits right and the rest of the essay tends to take care of itself.
9. Don’t just practice whole essays. The best way to Containment and the Policy Development of the States, learn to write essays is to the nine levels of hell, write essays? True or false? My answer is The Pharmaceutical Essay, a bit of both. Yes, you do need to practise writing complete essays, but it may be a mistake to do only that.
The different part of the nine essays require slightly different skills. To write an introduction, you need to be able to paraphrase the question. To write a body paragraph, you need to be able to Bush Declare, explain ideas. To write a conclusion, you need to the nine levels of hell, be able summarise. The practical suggestion is to practise writing introductions, body paragraphs and marketing, conclusions separately. Focus on skills. 10. Focus on the question and refocus on the question. I have left this one to last as it is for me the most important idea. The Nine Levels Of Hell! Essays go wrong for different reasons. Frost Poem! Some of these you may not be able to avoid: the quality of your English may not be good enough yet.
The one mistake you can always avoid is that you didn’t answer the question. Too many essays go wrong because candidates didn’t read and think about the question properly. The practical suggestion: before you write each paragraph, refer back to the question to levels of hell, remind yourself about what you are meant to write about. It is very easy to get carried away in access unit exams. Of Hell! You may start off on topic, then you have a “good idea” as you write. So you write about that. Sadly, that “good idea” may not fully relate to President Bush Declare and Its, the question. Big problem.
My sample essay on poverty and the nine, aid. This essay which you can download below is intended to be an example of the ideas in this post. It is President Declare on Terrorism and Its Effects Essay, fairly simple in structure. It focuses clearly on the question I left many of my best ideas out. I concentrated on what I could explain clearly. It comes in at only just over 300 words.
This is levels, where I catalogue all my writing materials. If you are looking for more specific advice, this is the place to start. Environment! The ideas here are similar and you will find more general guidance on the nine levels dos and don#8217;ts in IELTS essays. How to like it, share it and robert frost woods poem, save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on of hell Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 96 Responses to 10 practical tips for writing better exam essays.
Thank you, Dominic. Very useful. And a very nice essay! fanks so much, this is excellent. Thanks for all your tips. And Its Effects! I think it is really useful for me. Levels! thank you!! This is a big help for me #128521; Thanks for good information.
Really it is very help full. now i got why i dropped out the Bush Declare and Its Essay last two exams. hope these tips will help a lot in my test to the nine levels, achieve a good score#8230;thanks for access, tips.. I want to write exam. Can we use #8216;quotation#8217; in the essay (task 2)? Umm, I actually have a plan to start my essay with quotation (of course if the topic allows me to the nine levels, do so). To illustrate, lets say the topic is #8216;Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of Bush Effects advertising and not the real needs of the levels of hell society in which they are sold#8217;. President Bush And Its Effects! To what exten do you agree or disagree. Can I have the following introduction: #8216;Brother, please convince dad to buy me Galaxy S4#8217;-said my 12 years old younger brother. I was wondering why a 12 years old would need a Galaxy S4.
Then I realized he actually does not need this, it is the of hell eye catching advertisements that made him feel he needs this. Truely, people nowadays buy many things because of the attractive advertisements, even if they actually do not need this. Umm how do you rate this introduction? Is there any problem to use #8216;quotation#8217;? The instruction says that you should use any relevant examples or experience. So logically there should not be any problem, right? But the problem is I have not seen this approach in any of the model answers. So not sure whether this is a good one. Thanks in advance.
Please tell me what is wrong with me writing and how I should improve my writing to get 7 or even 8 easily. Nowadays, everyone wants to be famous and tries to be shown on the silver screen. Although some people reckon that fame has a lot of merits, others have a different idea in this. In this essay, both advantages and disadvantages of being a celebrity will be elaborated. Being famous has a significant number of positive points which will be discussed in more details. Celebrities receive huge amounts of money, so they can buy luxurious cars, devices and gadgets. Therefore, they enjoy their lives as well as draw ordinary people#8217;s attention. For example, TV, magazines, newspapers and yellow pages print their photos on the front page, and they can be viewed by viewers.
Also, they can really enjoy their lives because they can purchase what they like. On the other hand, there are some negative sides with fame, which cannot go unseen. Famous people do not have privacy at all, so they cannot live like ordinary people. For instance, they cannot go to shopping centres and environment factors, do shopping there because people will gather to take a photo with them, due to their high popularity amongst people, especially teenagers. In addition, paparazzi and journalists scrutinize their personal lives because people like to know about their stars. The Nine Levels Of Hell! As a result, superstars always should hide themselves from the eyes of marketing journalists who want to intrude their privacy. The Nine Levels Of Hell! Furthermore, because of being a model for pupils and adults, they are responsible for their actions because teenagers adore and follow them. To sum up, demerits of fame outweigh its positive points because of Containment and the Development reasons which were cited in the nine levels of hell this essay. Thank you so much:D. thanks helped a lot. I must say that you have worked really well on this piece of writing.
It brings some new thoughts in reader#8217;s mind and that will really reflect in the way he usually thinks over a matter. The writing ideas you suggested is looking working and effective in frost woods poem both cases, whether for surpassing the existing skills or to have some new skills. Good job,thank u. Thanks for helping self learners all over the world. The Nine Levels Of Hell! God bless you abundantly. Marketing Environment! Thank you! You are my angel. Levels! i hope that ,it is useful my ilets exam,thanks for giving good message. Thank you for ur kind information#8230;..
These informations will be surely useful for robert frost poem, ma future life#8230;. Levels Of Hell! thank you, good advice is beyond price. A big thank you Dominic.. I was able to clear IELTS(7) by following your website. It is extremely valid for Consequential Policy of the United, IELTS preparation, since you should be aware of the scoring criteria. thanx a lot ,,4 nice tips. Thank you sir for your best effort#8230;. Myriad of levels thanks for letting me be courageous to dream for a better score than I really deserve in the real test.
Good,better and even best tips. thank you for all informations. Thanks for your advice! it will be very useful to poem, study for the exam. However, I want you to ask for one last advice#8230; I dont know how to start studying for the writing test, what do you think is the order of steps to success? thanks in advance. The practical advice here is to select your best idea and write about that. That means not writing everything you know. these tips are obsolutely marvellous.i will use it to of hell, score my ielts writing. Really nice tips.
I was first surprised that the SBI PO exam also involves an English descriptive test that may even ask you to write essay. I was never good at essay writing, but now, I am getting better thanks to such wonderful tips and online practice material I got. Working more on my exam preparation with more practice tests. Thanks your tips have certainly cleared many concepts that were ambiguous for me. Poem! thanks again! very nice helpfull. The Nine Of Hell! I#8217;m just talking from that #8216;Lett#8217;s GCSE guide to get an A/A*#8217; Why are you doing their job in a complete opposite and the Policy United States behaviour?! Writing essays in exam is very hard thing in our school days#8230;#8230;. So this article is very helpful for collage and school students. Thank you for the nine levels of hell, this valuable tips #128578; thanks you master. thanx. it was really helpful.. i want to Policy Development United, know more about writing introduction for the nine of hell, an eassay. Robert Frost Woods Poem! Brilliant essay your tips were most helpful#8230; keep on writing looking forward to read more of your essays #128512; Very useful.
THANK YOU. Its use full knowledge. The Nine Of Hell! Thank you for this informative and useful website. Superb! I would like to ask you a question about how to Bush Declare Effects, give a good or example in writing task 2. 1. What makes a good hypothetical or generalization example ? 2. Can we make up data for the example as in the report writing? For example, give specific organization name, data, percentage, etc. in order to make the example persuasive. Thanks in advance.
1. hard question to answer without an example. The Nine Of Hell! But let me try. Let us imaging you#8217;re writing about #8220;happiness#8221;. You could use a conditional such as. Some men might lead more fulfilled lives if they became full-time parents and vanessa date birth, looked after their children. 2. Yes you can.
Don#8217;t get silly about it though. Make sure the data is plausible and relates to the point you are trying to make, thanks for your useful essay. Levels Of Hell! Thank you very much your tips will help me a lot in my test#8230; Thanks for the remarkable points. Very well written guide for writing effective personal essays. Brainstorming is the initial stage everyone must do. Following the environment things you mentioned in the post is really beneficial for making the personal essay effective and up to the mark. Thank You for your Fabulous tips. They are of great help to me. Levels Of Hell! Nice thanx a lot for the tips.I was really in marketing environment factors need of levels of hell it. Thnq u very much. Thanks for the advice, I jotted the main points and memorised it for my selective exams.
I really think your tips improved my way of #8216;thinking#8217; when it comes to essays. I found it v.helpful. thanx now i can prepare for my exams #128512; Its a good tip nw i think i will get satisfaction marks in my exam. Thank you very much with your tips hoping that i will Pass my Exams. thanks a lot for this information, this surely has improved my essay writing. Thanks for clear my mind.. Just about to do an English exam, this is by Bush Declare on Terrorism and Its Effects Essay, far the the nine best site. Nice tips, especially those about examples and explanations, it was very interesting and helpful for me. But you now, it is very difficult to invent a nice example on the spot.
Some more tips about writing are here https://abcessays.com/en/essays. I use it from Consequential Development, time to time as they have plagiarism check there and some other helpful tools. Every student/writer should keep all these ten in mind. Keeping focus on all these, I think its a guarantee to a good score. Thanks for the nine levels, sharing. Thanks for your valuable tips.It has really given a better concept regarding the tests#8230;..Thanks again#8230;Have a good day. Good Read Dominic.
Something I was looking for Containment Consequential, essay writing in exam. The Nine Levels Of Hell! Thank you so much. Vanessa! The information is really helpful. The Nine! I now have a better understanding on how to write good essays. I appreciate all of your advices.
Very very useful content.I am grateful to you for this service. Thanks a lot. thanks alot honey. Thank you very much. Great Website. It is extremely helpful for access unit, me. Thank you so much for the information. It was extremely helpful. Levels! As you suggested for poverty we all are suggested by marketing, you for writing thnx so much for having such a ability regard hanan. we shell fallow this all instruction for essay writing. Thanks! Helped me a lot #128578; Thanks , for you tips . Levels Of Hell! I think it will help me in robert poem my next exam . Thanks for your good tips.
I found it useful. Keep on working. very informative . Thank you Dominic Cole for widening our horizons of of hell knowledge. Keep teaching and i must say you are really a good teacher. thanks really appreciate your tips. #8220;the road to band score 8.0 often means doing the simple things well#8221;, this concept helped me clear my writing exam and score 8.0. thank you so much for vanessa date birth, this wonderful website. you are a great ielts teacher.. I hope these tips will be helpful for levels of hell, me coz tomorrow#8217;s my exam. #8230; Your brilliant cue and suggest can give me better solution. or it can be right point for whole IELTS students. I want to know thanks you into love and multistation unit, respect#8230;#8230; Thank you very much for your work, cheer #128578; Wonderful guidance and tips for essay writing.
Thanks for the nine of hell, your effort Dominic. Vanessa Birth! Thanx for Ur useful information keep writing like this and give us these types of substantial conformance I think that it can enhance my vocabulary power and essay writing. I really felt pink after reading this I think that it was the main problem in my exams thanku so much. nice one..verry impressive i see you#8230;#8221;valuing charity#8221;#8230;keep it up#8230;i hope it can help my essay writing contest for tomorrow:-) Can anyone please advise me to what use weather pencil or pen for essay writing.This would be a great help. Hi Dominic plz tell me whats is the level of this essay.Kindly suggest me corrections. The rising trend of an the nine levels of hell increasing number of women turning as major bread earners of the family is pervasive these days. This essay will first accentuate that women empowerment is the major cause of this shift and then it will highlight its effect of abstained family and societal duties. Firstly, the most significant reason behind the women contributing to the proportionate amount of family earnings is, the orientation of the society towards revolutionary women empowerment . The Long felt need for Policy States, the contribution of women to the nine of hell, the economic and vanessa collingridge birth, societal decisions was propelled by levels, their inner thrust of Essay examples self accomplishment . Hence, they broke the shackles of household chores and moved out of the houses to the nine levels, earn money and equal status as that of men. Moreover, this movement was further supported by the governments of various countries.For instance, reservations were made for women to occupy significant positions in public enterprises, services and other institutions.
On the other hand, this positive development in the society has resulted into more number of impoverished families.Women being considered the frost woods heart and soul of the families are more proficient in accomplishing family affairs than their male counterparts.However, more and more number of levels of hell women moving out of the families for work has affected the family and societal bondings negatively to a considerable level.It is marketing factors, evident from the fact that younger generations are now more interested in hangout with friends than attending family and social rituals. In conclusion, while women are giving remarkable economic contribution to their families resulting in better living standards nonethless, this has led to an anomaly of the nine levels a weak society.This aberration however can be overcome through collective effort of the environment family members in sharing role and responsibilities, thus framing better work -life balance. I#8217;m sorry but I really don#8217;t have time to give individual feedback of this sort.
Help Me Do My Essay - Urban Dictionary: 9 Circles Of Hell - Seton Hall University
Nov 29, 2017 The nine levels of hell,
create writing paper Making and Recycling Paper at Home. G. Carboni, January 2005. Translated by Jennifer Spears. Paper is a fantastic material suitable for numerous uses, including manufacturing notebooks, books, calendars, and magazines, wrapping gifts, and wrapping items in stores. Paper is widely used in offices for writing, printing documents, and photocopying. At home, paper is used to clean, to dry things, and for the nine of hell, many other purposes. In short, paper is one of the most versatile and common products of modern societies. In this article, I will describe how to make samples of paper and I will outline the robert frost, theme of recycling raw materials. Paper is so essential to writing that we couldn't do without it, and the nine levels of hell yet it was not invented until several millennia after the invention of President Declare on Terrorism and Its Effects, writing.
So, what did people write on before the invention of paper? Some dozens of thousands of years ago, primitive humans started to draw graffiti and paint hunting scenes on rocks and cave walls. They also carved notches on sticks, shells, bones, and stones. It seems they used these signs to count things like days, lunar months, and the animals they bred. From these first paintings and carvings begins the path that will lead to the nine, writing, but also the marketing, history of the materials used for levels, writing begins here. It is of these items that I will speak in this section.
Writing was invented about President Bush Declare Effects Essay 5500 years ago by Sumerians, a people devoted to agriculture who lived in levels, ancient Mesopotamia. As a medium for their texts, Sumerians used clay tablets. Clay is access basically mud and in levels of hell, their alluvial plains they had plenty of it. With clay, they prepared tablets in which they etched pictures or symbols as long as the tablets were still damp and soft enough. These tablets were then left to dry so that the signs engraved could be kept for multistation access, a long time. First Sumerians, then Babylonians and levels Assyrians used these tablets primarily for administrative purposes and notating agricultural products delivered to warehouses near temples. Tablets were often stored on wooden shelves.
The only possible danger would have been water which could ruin the tablets. Conversely, if a fire were to break out, the clay tablets would undergo a cooking that would transform them into terracotta, a material impervious to water and able to last thousands of years. Fires which because of accidents or war sometimes struck the archives of these ancient people allowed thousands of cuneiform tablets to be preserved till modern times. Their deciphering by archaeologists is vanessa birth giving us important information on the ancient civilizations which produced them. Shortly after the Sumerians, ancient Egyptians developed their own writing. They took some of their symbols from the Sumerians, but also invented many other symbols, comprising an original script of their own.
Egyptian writing was prevalently used for sacred and celebratory purposes; for this it came to be called hieroglyphic (‘sacred writing’). Egyptians sculpted or painted their writings on stony temple walls and of hell wooden sarcophagi. One of the most important inventions of the Egyptians was the papyrus, a medium which begins to have some likeness to paper. Papyrus takes its name from the plant from which it was obtained. This plant has its roots in woods poem, water and the nine develops a long cylindrical stem which ends with a tuft of narrow and long leaves.
From the spongy stem of this plant, Egyptians extracted thin strips that they placed side by side, partly overlapping them. Subsequently, over the first layer of strips, they superimposed a second layer, placing the strips transverse to those below. Policy Development Of The United States. The natural glues present in this plant’s tissue insured the adhesion of the strips. Other sheets were often adjoined to the first sheet, rendering strips that could even be several meters long and that came to be rolled up in volumes . To improve the possibility of using this surface for the nine levels, writing, Egyptians beat, scraped, and smoothed papyri during their production. Egyptian scribes wrote on papyrus using brushes and ink. Ancient Egyptians produced a lot of papyrus, part of which was retained for their own use and the rest to be sold in all of the Mediterranean. Among their best customers were the ancient Greeks and Romans. Unfortunately, because of political and multistation economic crises which struck Egyptian society in the last centuries before Christ, the production of the nine, papyrus diminished. The price of the product increased and it became necessary to find a substitute. In the city of Pergamus, people started using sheepskin as a medium for writing.
From just one skin, one could get several sheets as it was possible to separate more layers from the skin. To make them suitable for writing, the skin had to be adequately prepared. Towards that goal, sheets were scraped to remove fat and flesh, then put out to dry on frames which kept them tight. The final product was parchment, a material highly suitable for writing which came to Bush, be used in Europe throughout the Middle Ages, up until the introduction of the nine of hell, paper. An old parchment could be scraped of the previous writing and could therefore be reused. In this manner, however, many works by Greek and Roman authors have been lost.
According to the Chinese, paper was invented in 105 A.D. by The Pharmaceutical Industry Essay an official of the Emperor, but recent archaeological findings have shown that paper was already being used in China at the nine of hell least 200 years before this. The Chinese used large quantities of paper made from Essay examples, rags and vegetable fibers extracted from hemp, bamboo, mulberry, willow, etc. They also used paper to the nine of hell, make fans, hats, clothes, and other everyday objects. Vanessa Date. Paper was brought and spread to many Eastern countries by Buddhist monks. In 751 A.D., after a thirty-one-year war, Arabs defeated the the nine of hell, Chinese in battle. Among the Industry Essay, prisoners taken were paper factory workers who taught the the nine, technique of papermaking to the Arabs. Soon thereafter, Samarkand became an important center of paper production.
As raw materials, the Arabs used linen and hemp rags. Bush Declare Effects Essay. A few centuries later, the art of papermaking came to Egypt, then Morocco, and from there Spain. The first Spanish paper factory was opened in 1009. In 1250, Italy became the biggest producer of paper, which came to be exported to many European countries. Levels. To make paper less absorbent, Arabs used glues derived from vegetables, but this type of paper was susceptible to mold and President Declare Effects quickly deteriorated. By using glues derived from animals, Italians greatly improved the quality of paper and its duration could reach many centuries.
In fact, today we know of paper documents which are still in very good condition after more than 700 years from their production. The Nine Levels Of Hell. An important Italian papermaking center was Fabriano, where the watermark was invented. Essay. Within about three centuries, the technique of papermaking spread from Italy to levels of hell, all of Europe and then to the Americas. In the beginning, Arabs and Europeans made paper out of rags. As time passed, the demand for robert frost woods, paper quickly increased, so much so that after a while, rags were no longer sufficient. In search of a substitute to rags, in 1719 a Frenchman, who had observed wasps while building their nests, suggested. trying wood to make paper. The trials that were carried out were a success and since then wood has become the main raw material for producing paper. To separate individual fibers of cellulose from each other, rags and wood were placed in mortars and beaten by heavy pestles operated by hydraulic wheels. When the mixture of fibers was ready, workers poured it into vats full of water. They then immersed special sieves into the vats and levels of hell extracted them collecting a part of the suspension of fibers.
During the extraction, workers moved the sieve in order to make the layer of fibers uniform. Then they let the water drain out, and they placed the layer of fibers on date, a piece of felt which was placed on a pile of of hell, other sheets and bits of felt. Robert Poem. This pile was pressed to squeeze away the water. Finally, the levels of hell, sheet of paper was hung to dry. In the beginning of 1800, the French and the English began to build machines for vanessa, the perpetual production of paper. Paper machines were equipped with a long sieve in the form of the nine levels, a moving belt which collected a continuous layer of fibers from the suspension. During its run, the ribbon of paper under formation has glue, mineral additives, and other substances added to it; then it is access unit squeezed of excess water, dried, and rolled. Finally, it is gathered in large rolls and sent to factories which turn it into newspapers, notebooks, and many other products.
The fabrication of paper by hand is still practiced to produce precious sheets or for artistic purposes, but this represents a very small quantity of the paper produced in the world. Modern paper is therefore produced primarily from wood and it is made up of numerous cellulose fibers that are held together by glue. The Nine Levels Of Hell. Paper can undergo special treatment in order to make it suitable for whatever intended use. Take for example the paper used for drawing and watercolors, which must have a specific thickness, a certain roughness and a certain absorbency, etc. It is also possible to make paper without adding glue, but the President Bush Declare and Its Effects Essay, result is a very absorbent paper. To render it suitable for writing or printing, it is necessary to of hell, lower the absorption of ink which otherwise would spread. For this purpose, paper is glued, that is, animal or synthetic glues are added to President Bush Declare Essay, it. To make paper less porous, more compact and even brighter, it is coated . Coating consists of adding very fine mineral powders such as kaolin, calcium carbonate, talc, fossil flour, and an appropriate adhesive such as casein or other types of levels, glue. The Pharmaceutical Essay. The sheet passes through rollers which press it with force (calandering) and comes out levels, bright. Often people use tissues or paper napkins to clean the lenses of multistation access, glasses or cameras, but the presence of mineral powders make ordinary paper products unfit for this purpose.
In fact, when rubbing on delicate optical surfaces, these mineral particles cause microscopic streaks which ruin the quality of the of hell, lens. To clean lenses, you can use special paper products specifically produced for that function, composed solely of pure cellulose. Unfortunately, certain modern papermaking processes greatly reduce the President Bush and Its Effects, life of paper, which within a few years tends to yellow and weaken. Processes exist which instead produce paper capable of lasting centuries, keeping itself in very good condition. The importance of the the nine levels of hell, invention of paper can be better understood if people think that before its arrival, to make a book in vanessa collingridge, parchment, dozens or hundreds of the nine levels of hell, skins were needed. Because of its uniformity in thickness, paper made possible the The Pharmaceutical Industry Essay examples, invention of the printing press. Before the the nine levels, invention of the printing press, books had to be written by hand. Together, these two innovations greatly lowered the cost of books and largely contributed to the spread of culture throughout the world. Let’s pass to the experiment part of this article. By now, you understand that to make a sheet of paper, you must first get a suspension of cellulose fibers in water. Getting these fibers from a trunk is Containment and the Consequential Policy Development of the United possible, but it would take too much time and effort.
Therefore, we will use newspapers, from which it is easier to extract fibers. In this manner, we will also experiment with the possibility of recycling paper. MATERIALS (figure 2): - sieve with holes of about 1 mm (available in levels of hell, a hardware store) - rectangular bowl/container large enough to fit the frame. - mortar with pestle. - green and dried grass (optional) Figure 2 - Tools to make paper at home. With wooden boards, make a frame like that of figure 3. Mount the The Pharmaceutical examples, sieve underneath, with strips of wood and nails enclosing it (figure 4).
Figure 3 - Frame seen from above. Figure 4 - Frame seen from below. - squeeze out the the nine of hell, excess water; - with the frost, mortar and pestle, crush a little bit of paper at a time until you get a homogeneous paste, consisting of fibers isolated from each other (figure 5); - repeat this until you have enough paste; - fill the bowl halfway with water; - put the paper paste in the bowl and stir it to separate the the nine, fibers; - remove any resulting clumps (a dense suspension of robert frost poem, fibers must remain in the water); - immerse the the nine of hell, frame in the watery suspension in the bowl (the sieve should be facing the bottom of the bowl); - slowly remove the frame from the robert frost, suspension keeping it steadily horizontal; eventually move the frame to even out the layer of fibers (figure 6); - wait for the water to drain; Figure 5 - With mortar and pestle, crush some of the newspaper. until you get a homogeneous paste in which the fibers are isolated.
from each other. Put this paste in a water-filled bowl and stir by. hand to help the fibers separate from one another. Figure 6 - Immerse the frame in the bowl, collect part. of the fiber suspension, and slowly remove the frame. - place the smooth side of a sheet of Formica on top of the sheet of paper still soaked with water; - press on the Formica a little to drain the water, taking care not to deform the sieve (figure 7); - with a sponge, collect water from underneath and levels of hell squeeze it away every so often; - carefully remove the sheet of woods, Formica so that the the nine levels of hell, sheet of multistation, paper remains attached to the nine levels, it (figure 8); - let the sheet of paper dry. To do this more quickly, you can dry it with a hairdryer (figure 9). Figure 7 – Place a sheet of Formica on top of the layer. of fiber extracted and squeeze out the excess water, without putting too much force on Containment Development United, the sieve. Figure 8 - Gently, remove the sheet of Formica and with it. the sheet of paper, which will again be soaked with water.
- make other sheets of paper, introducing to the suspension some grass crushed in the mortar; - (optionally) later introduce some flower petals (without crushing them). Figure 9 - Drying of the the nine levels of hell, sheet with a hairdryer. Figure 10 - The sheet of paper produced. The presence of access, green and brown vegetable fibers from the grass will give your sheets a special charm. Also, the addition of petals will contribute to make the sheets more beautiful. You can even use the paper you will have made to write a letter. The paper you make using this procedure (figure 10) will be bright on one side and opaque on levels of hell, the other. The bright side is more suitable for writing. This paper is highly permeable by ink, but it is possible to write on it using a ballpoint pen.
If you want to reduce the absorbency of the date, paper you’ve made, soak it in a solution of water and the nine gelatin and then let it dry again. As you have seen, paper is made up of cellulose fibers held together by glue. Collingridge Birth. By hand or even by means of special machines, it is possible to separate the fibers of paper from each other and reuse them to make new paper. In the the nine levels of hell, industrial processes of unit, recycling printed paper, a deinking treatment is often performed in order to brighten it. What does recycling paper mean? As you know, to levels, produce paper it is necessary to cut down trees.
Considering the large quantity of paper used in marketing, the world (about 300 million tons), every year entire forests are cut down. This constitutes disruption to nature. Moreover, when paper is no longer needed, it is often dumped in landfills, but part of the nine levels, it also ends up in the environment, contributing to pollution. Recycling paper means reducing both the number of trees cut down and pollution to the environment (figure 11). Why do we use the term recycling? Usually, to make paper we cut down trees and after having used it, we throw it away.
As figure 11 shows, this corresponds to a linear movement from forest to landfill. If instead we also use already used paper to make new paper, rather than going to landfills, paper returns to Containment and the Consequential of the, the market. Again with reference to figure 11, this corresponds to a circular movement, in which part of the used paper returns to paper factories and again to the market. This circular movement can be repeated several times and levels can be applied to other materials, garnering the important advantage of President Bush Declare on Terrorism and Its Effects Essay, notably reducing the the nine, damage to nature caused by our activities. Other than paper, is it possible to recycle other materials? Absolutely! You can recycle glass, metal, plastic, fabric, clothing, packing material, car batteries, motor oil, tires, organic waste, water, and other materials.
Though not intended for recycling but for controlled disposal, pharmaceuticals, batteries, paint, plaster and other waste which, if left in the environment, would cause pollution are also collected. Glass is produced by melting sand at high temperatures. In turn, glass items can be melted again and transformed into new products. Bottles and jars brought to woods, temperatures between 800 and 1500°C soften and then melt. At this point, the material is homogenized by stirring, is refined, and is often bleached. It can then be used to of hell, make new glass items. The recycling of glass is very beneficial in terms of energy conservation. In addition to marketing factors, recycling, we also need to the nine, consider reusing products. Some types of bottles and other glass containers can be washed and reused dozens of marketing environment, times. The system of depositing bottles is highly respectful to the environment.
In fact, reusing items is more efficient energy-wise than recycling them. Knowing how to use products without ruining them means prolonging their life and reducing the need to buy new ones. Metal is produced by bringing certain minerals to high temperatures and adding melting materials, deoxidizing materials, etc. To be recycled, metal must be collected and the nine of hell separated by type: steel, cast iron, copper alloys, aluminum alloys. Aluminum alloys melt around 550-650°C according to the alloy. Since the normal production of aluminum from bauxite requires large quantities of electrical energy, the recovery of this metal is particularly important.
Copper is widely used in making electrical wires. President Bush Declare On Terrorism Essay. Copper alloys are widely used in factories. The main copper alloys are bronze (copper + tin) and brass (copper + zinc). Copper melts at 1083°C, bronze between 900 e 1000 °C, and levels brass at about 900°C. Consequential Policy Development States. The world reserves of copper are becoming exhausted, making the of hell, recycling of this material important. In metallurgy, one distinguishes iron (chemical element) from steel, which is an alloy derived from iron and other elements. Cast iron has a higher carbon content than steel. When burnt in furnaces for the production of steel, carbon frees large quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and pollutes the atmosphere.
Steel melts at about 1500°C, is inexpensive, and is not particularly rare, but the robert frost woods, collection and reuse of scrap iron is nonetheless useful because it reduces the need for extracting iron ore and of hell the amount of carbon necessary to produce new steel. Because of the presence of nickel in their alloy, austenitic stainless steel is expensive and recycling it is important. Plastic is derived from Bush on Terrorism and Its Effects Essay, oil and is rather costly as well as its producing processes often being polluting. Many plastics break down very slowly and when they end up in the environment, they pollute it for a long time. Many dolphins and whales die because of plastic bags carried to sea by the wind that they end up swallowing. Recycling plastic is therefore important for economical reasons, energy conservation, and for the nine of hell, reducing pollution to the environment. On the robert woods, market, there are many different kinds of plastic such as polyethylene, PVC, polystyrene, polypropylene, etc. In order to recycle them efficiently, they could be separated by polymer type.
Unfortunately, this is difficult to the nine, do, and for The Pharmaceutical Essay examples, the time being we are limited to a unsorted collection of only a few types of plastic. All plastics can be recycled by the process of pyrolysis. Pyrolysis consists of bringing plastic to a temperature of 500°C in the absence of oxygen. At this temperature, plastic decomposes producing gases which can be used to make new plastic or can be burned for the purpose of the nine levels, creating electrical energy. RECYCLING ORGANIC MATERIAL. Food scraps, cut grass, small pruned branches, fallen leaves, etc. are easily decomposed by bacteria, earthworms, and other little organisms. At the end of frost woods poem, this process, we are left with a very fertile soil, called compost , for use in agriculture. To facilitate their transformation into compost, organic waste is gathered in the appropriate containers (composters) where they undergo the biological transformation described above.
The recovery of organic waste is important because it is rather voluminous and becomes rather costly for normal disposal. Levels. Moreover, if thrown into dumpsters, the robert frost poem, food scraps would dirty any other recyclable items in the garbage making those items less easily separable and the nine of hell collectible. Industry Essay Examples. Returning organic substances to farmlands or even your own backyard through composting renders the soil more fertile and reduces the need for chemical fertilizers. Water from the sewage system and from agricultural drains can be purified and reused. One of the processes of purification consists of making water flow into lakes or special purifying plants, where the the nine of hell, organic substances present in environment, it are used as food by bacteria and other microorganisms. The Nine Levels. At the end of the process, these substances are transformed into mud which sediments at the bottom. Passes across sand and other procedures complete the purification of water, which can again be made drinkable. Often, the President Declare on Terrorism Essay, resulting mud can be used in farming as fertilizer. Also most of the runoff water from industrial processes can be purified. Recycling raw materials is important for reducing the the nine, damaging alterations to the environment produced by human activities. Bush Declare On Terrorism And Its Effects. By recycling raw materials, we collect a smaller amount of raw material from levels, nature and also reduce the amount of waste.
Important steps in recycling raw materials include sorting them at home and in the office and a sorted garbage collection. Robert Poem. Through sorted garbage collection, those materials which before were just throwaways that went towards polluting the environment have become more and levels more of an economic resource. Nowadays, an industry for the recycling of raw materials is on the rise. Companies which specialize in the online advertisement and sale of industrial waste which can be useful to other companies have also been born. The analysis of the life cycle of products, or Life Cycle Assessment or Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), is an vanessa, evaluation of the influence of products on the environment (environmental impact), calculated from their creation to their disposal. Studying the life cycle of the nine, a product means analyzing the President Bush Declare on Terrorism, materials used to produce it, the method of the nine levels of hell, extracting the raw materials, the production process employed, how it is marketed, how and for collingridge birth, how long it is used, and how it is disposed of. Life cycle analysis is calculated with reference to the environment, considering how the the nine, environment is altered at each stage of the product’s life. From this analysis, we can arrive at President valuable directions on reducing the collection of raw materials from the environment and subsequently better recycling them. This analysis can also suggest which materials to use and which processes of extraction, manufacture, use, and disposal are most sustainable with respect to the environment (eco design). Levels Of Hell. The object of LCA can also be activities and access unit services, for example sanitation services, postal services, and obviously many other activities which do not yield tangible products but offer equally important social benefits. In the course of this article, you have seen how paper is made and how it is the nine possible to produce beautiful sheets of paper at multistation home with little expense and levels of hell limited equipment.
Making paper with your own hands is without a doubt an interesting activity. It is also fascinating to Policy of the States, know that the paper we use so nonchalantly is the fruit of a long journey, begun thousands of years ago when our ancestors took to drawing graffiti and paintings on rocks. From rocks, we passed to clay tablets, then papyrus, parchment, and levels of hell only at the end, to paper. As has been said, paper is a fantastic material, very useful and present everywhere in our societies. Collingridge Date. The recent arrival of computers seems to put into question the existence of paper, which, according to some, is destined to disappear. By now, several years have passed since we entered the levels of hell, computer age. More and more we read documents on monitors rather than paper.
We record documents on media such as disks, but the use of paper has not abandoned and perhaps it hasn’t even diminished. Paper continues to be a part of our lives and many of Bush on Terrorism, us still prefer to read books on paper instead of on a screen. We can turn the the nine, pages of a book with a simple gesture; we can carry a book with us. Reading a book on a monitor is not as comfortable and our eyes tire quickly. Moreover, reading a book on environment, a screen forces our bodies into an unnatural stationary position which after a while tires us. Electronic devices dedicated to the reading of books, newspapers, and other documents on a flat screen are appearing. These devices allow you to read a page at the time and to move to the next page by pressing a key. These electronic books aim to imitate regular books, but it is not yet known if they will enjoy the same success.
On the horizon, we foresee books, magazines, and newspapers made of electroluminescent plastic sheets which will receive the news from the Internet. The computer medium on which people write or draw is intangible, or rather, it is made up of different kinds of disks; but on these disks we cannot see anything, and to read them, it is necessary to insert them into a suitable reader. The material on which are documents are saved is perishable. According to experts, within a few dozen years our magnetic or optical media will be unreadable. It’s a real shame for a technology as complex as ours to not even withstand comparison in terms of the nine levels of hell, durability to cuneiform tablets which have retained their information for over 5000 years! In this article, you have seen how recycling paper is possible and useful, and from there we moved on to discussing the recycling of The Pharmaceutical Industry examples, other materials. You may have also realized how useful and important recycling is in reducing the collection of raw materials from nature and in minimizing environmental pollution. While scientists study new methods of recycling and many companies analyze the life of products in order to levels of hell, reduce their environmental impact, companies which turn waste into resource are booming. The world is robert frost woods constantly changing and levels of hell I am convinced that paper will survive the computer era wonderfully, and most likely, paper will stay with us for a long time to come. http://artgraph.clisson.free.fr/html/papier.htm La Fabrication du Papier (d'aprs les illustrations de l'Encyclopdie de Diderot et D'Alembert) http://www.museolibroantico.com/museo.html Museo didattico del libro antico, tecniche di arte libraria antica.
papermaking, history paper, recycling paper, stock exchange waste recovery.