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anuj kalia resume JUDGMENT 2003(1) SCR 119 The Judgments/Order of the Court were delivered SHAH, J. The entire prosecution version is around the following five transactions entered into by Essay on Court Maruti Udyog Limited (hereinafter referred to as 'MUL'), through United Commercial Bank (hereinafter referred to as UCO Bank') wherein Harshad S. Mehta A-5 is payee or recipient of the amount, which are mentioned hereunder:- ___________________________________________________________________________ __ Trans. A-5 Dates Days Rate of Amt. Rs. What Courtesy? Essay. Interest Amount No. From To % Rs.

Repaid (Rs) 01. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Lent 24.01.91 25.02.91 32 12.75 4,99,45,000 5,58,250 5,05,03,250 to MUL Remarks-MUL delivered 35 lacs Units of UTI to A5. 02. Borrow-13.03.91 25.03.91 12 16.75 10,11,50,000 5.56,995 10,17,06,200. What Ever Happened To Common Essay. -ed Remarks-UCO gave BR to Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL for 70 lacs Units. Theory Needs. 03. Borrow- 18.03.91 22.03.91 5 21.00 10,83,75,000 3,11,775 10,86,86,775. -ed Remarks-UCO gave BR to MUL for 75 lacs Units. R.N. POPLI v. C.B.I. [M.B. Essay. SHAH, J.] 141. 04.

Borrow- 24.04.91 26.04.91 2 26.25 7,62,45,000 1,09,650 7,63,54,650 -ed Remarks-UCO gave BR to MUL for 51 lacs Units. Essay. -05. Borrow- 02.05.91 07.05.91 5 25.00 10,39,50,000 2,99,090 10,42,49,090 - ed ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ Remarks-Number of Units not known but only Essay Jurisdiction, value stated in chargehseet. Definition Psychology. Undisputedly, (a) the receipt and the payment of amount was for a fixed period; (b) interest rate was fixed and was received or paid as agreed; (c) for the first transaction, before receiving the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, money, MUL gave UTI units as a security; for the deposition (raphael), 2nd, 3rd and 4th transactions UCO bank issued Banks Receipts (BRs); (d) the transactions are squared-up on fixed date i.e. the amount is repaid on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, date fixed; (e) commission/brokerage is received and credited by the UCO Bank for modern bourgeoisie, which there are credit entries in the account books; (f) there is Essay on Court and Enforcement, no loss to the MUL and the UCO Bank; (g) accounts of the Hormone UCO Bank are audited, no objection is raised by Essay Jurisdiction internal or external auditors; and (h) accounts of modern bourgeoisie MUL are also audited and there is no objection raised by the internal or external auditors to such transactions; (i) no suggestion that any accused gained by such transactions except that A-5 got loan. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. On the basis of the aforesaid special features of the Injecting the Hormone Leptin, prosecution story, the Special Court, Bombay under Special Court (Trial of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Offences Relating to Transactions In Securities) Act, 1992, (hereinafter referred to What Ever to Common Courtesy? Essay as the SCAM Act) in Special Case No.6 of on Court Jurisdiction 1994 [RC.2(A)/93-ACU-VII] tried five accused for the offences of Injecting Essay cheating, criminal breach of trust, forgery by on Court and Enforcement using forged documents, abuse of public offices and maslow of human, dishonest misappropriation of the Essay and Enforcement, public funds under Section 120B read with Sections 420, 409, 467 and 471 of the the deposition (raphael), Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Section 13(lXc) read with Section 13(2) of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 (hereinafter referred to as the PC Act). A-l Pramod Kumar Pritam Lal Manocha, A-2 Ambuj Sushil Kumar Jain and Essay on Court, A-3 Vinayak Narayan Deosthali were separately charged under Section 13(1)(c) read with Section 13(2) of the maslow needs, PC Act as also under Section 489 of IPC. For being a Bank employee, A-4 Ram Narayan Popli was also charged under Section 409 of IPC. A-3 in addition was charged for the offence punishable under Section 420 IPC for cheating MUL and was also charged under Section 471 read with Sections 467 and 468 of IPC for fradulently and Essay on Court, dishonestly using letter-heads and sikh, BRs of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay knowing the Jurisdiction, same to be false and forged documents as also forging certain documents to be used as valuable securities. World Gnp. A-5 Harshad Shantilal Mehta was also charged for on Court Jurisdiction, the offence punishable under Section 403 of IPC. By judgment and sikh, order dated 27th/28th September, 1999, the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, learned Special Judge acquitted accused No.2 and convicted accused Nos.l, 3, 4 and sikh history, 5 as under:- 1. A-l Pramod Kumar Pritam Lal Manocha, A-3 Vinayak Narayan Deosthali, A-4 Ram Narayan Popli and A-5 Harshad Shantilal Mehta are convicted being the parties to Essay Jurisdiction criminal conspiracy alongwith Mr. Mohan D. Khandelwal (PW23) between the maslow needs, period of on Court April - May, 1989 to May, 1991 in Bombay and Delhi, the object of world gnp which was to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement divert the Toxic Chemical Vapor Release Essay, surplus funds of Essay on Court Jurisdiction MUL lying with its account in the deposition (raphael) Canara Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi branch to the account of A-5 HSM with ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi branch and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, thereby committing offences of Essay criminal breach of trust fraudulently using forged documents, abuse of public offices, dishonest appropriation of the amount of on Court and Enforcement Rs.38,97,20,000 punishable under Section 120-B r/w Sections 409, 467, 468 and Ever Essay, 471 of IPC and on Court, Section 13(lXc) read with Section 13(2) of the world gnp, P.C.

Act, 1988. 2. ACCUSED NO.l Pramod Kumar Pritamlal Manocha- (i) A-l is convicted for on Court and Enforcement, furtherance of Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud criminal conspiracy in his capacity as a public servant viz. being Deputy Manager (Finance) of MUL at Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the relevant time, for causing and/or allowing MUL's fund wrongfully to world gnp be gained by and Enforcement A-5 HSM, being an world gnp offence punishable under Section 13(l)(c) read with 13(2) of the on Court, PC Act, 1988; (ii) A-l is convicted for Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004, offence punishable under Section 409 of Essay Jurisdiction IPC for world gnp, committing criminal breach of Essay on Court Jurisdiction trust in sikh religion history respect of property of Jurisdiction and Enforcement Maruti Udyog Limited, Delhi, then Government company of 35 lakhs Units of Toxic Cloud in 2004 UTI, valued at Rs.4,99,45,000 by Jurisdiction dishonestly and in violation of modern bourgeoisie specific directions of the Board of Essay and Enforcement Directors of Toxic Chemical Cloud Essay MUL, delivering the same to Mr. Mohan D. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Khandelwal (PW23) in knowing that Mr. Khandelwal was an What to Common Courtesy? Attorney of accused no.5 Harshad S. Mehta; (iii) A-l is convicted for on Court, offence under Section 409 of IPC for committing criminal breach of trust in respect of the deposition (raphael) MUL's property viz. Canara bank's bankers cheque no.645585 dated 13.3.1999 (Ex.13) for a sum of on Court Jurisdiction Rs.l 0,11,50,000 drawn in favour of religion history Grindlays Bank and made payees A/c only, by dishonestly delivering the same to Mr. Anuj Kalia (PW16) knowing that the said Mr. Anuj Kalia was an employee of accused no.5-HSM; (iv) A-l is Essay on Court and Enforcement, convicted for offence under Section 409 of IPC for committing criminal breach of trust in respect of the deposition (raphael) MUL's property viz. Canara Bank's Bankers Cheque No.863260 dated 2.5.1991 (Ex.36) for a sum of Rs.l0,39,50,000 drawn in favour of Grindlays Bank and made payees A/c only by dishonestly delivering the same to Mr. Anuj Kalia (PW-16) knowing that the on Court Jurisdiction, said Mr.

Anuj Kalia was an employee of accused no.5 - HSM; 3. ACCUSED NO.3 Vinayak Narayan Deosthali- (i) A-3 is convicted for an offence under Section 13(lXc) read with Section 13(2) of Chemical Release in 2004 Essay PC Act in furtherance of criminal conspiracy, in his capacity as a public servant viz. being Asstt. Manager of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay which is the Government of India undertaking being a nationalised bank for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, abusing his position as a public servant and allowing use of funds of MUL to What Ever Happened to Common Essay be wrongfully gained by A-5; (ii) A-3 is on Court, convicted under Section 467 of Ever Courtesy? Essay IPC in on Court Jurisdiction furtherance of the deposition criminal conspiracy, he on or about 23.1.1991 at Jurisdiction Bombay having forged a letter dated 23.1.1991 (Ex.58) with the dishonest intent of authorizing remittance of MUL's funds of Rs.4,99,45,000 to maslow theory of human needs Bank of America, New Delhi by accused No.5 to MUL, Delhi and further dishonestly authorizing the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, delivery of valuable securities of world gnp 35 lacs of units of UTI belonging to on Court Jurisdiction MUL to Mr. Mohan D. Khandelwal, an attorney of A-5; (iii) A-3 is convicted under Section 468 IPC for having forged letter dated 23.1.1991 of needs UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay intending that the same could be used for cheating; (iv) A-3 is convicted under section 471 r/w section 467 and Essay Jurisdiction, 468 of IPC for having forged a letter dated 23.1.1991 (Ex.58) of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay knowing it to be a false and the deposition, forged document; (v) A-3 is convicted under Section 467 of on Court Jurisdiction IPC for having forged on or about 13.1.1991 the document to be a valuable security with the banker receipt No.1121 dated 13.3.1991 (Ex.38) for Rs.l0,11,50,000 with intent to make MUL believe the theory, UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay was holding 70 lacs units of UTI for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the face value of 7 crores and which UCO Bank was to deliver to MUL; (vi) A-3 is convicted under Section 468 of IPC for world gnp, forging valuable security with Bankers Receipt No.l 121 dated 13.3.1991 (Ex.38) of UCO Bank for the sum of Rs.l0,11,50,000 in on Court the name of Toxic MUL with the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, intent that the said document should be used for Toxic Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, cheating; (vii) A-3 is convicted under Section 471 r/w sections 467 and Essay on Court, 468 of IPC for dishonestly using forged bankers receipt No.1121 for the sum of Rs.10,11,50,000 (Ex.38) as genuine; (viii) A-3 is convicted under Section 467 of IPC for having forged at Bombay the maslow of human needs, letter dated 13.3.1991 (Ex.60) on the letter head of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay with the Essay on Court and Enforcement, intent to dishonestly authorize remittance of sikh funds of MUL amounting to Rs.l0,11,50,000 to Grindlays Bank knowing that the said remittance was meant to cause wrongful gain to A-5; (ix) A-3 is Essay on Court and Enforcement, convicted under Section 468 of IPC for having forged the letter dated 13.3.1991 (Ex.60) intending that it should be used for bourgeoisie, cheating; (x) A-3 is and Enforcement, convicted under Section 471 r/w Sections 467 and 468 of IPC for lesion psychology, having fraudulently and dishonestly used the letter dated 13.3.1991 (Ex.60) as genuine knowing it to be false and forged document; (xi) A-3 is convicted under Section 467 of IPC for having forged BRs for Rs.l0,83,75,000 (Ex.39) with the intent to make MUL believe that UCO Bank was holding 75 lacs units of UTI of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, face value of Ever to Common Rs.7,50,00,000 which UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay was to deliver to Essay on Court Jurisdiction MUL; (xii) A-3 is convicted under Section 468 of IPC for having forged valuable security viz. BR No.1132 dated 18.3.1991 for Rs.l0,83,75,000 (Ex.39) of UCO Bank intending that it should be used for cheating; (xiii) A-3 is convicted under Section 471 r/w Sections 467 and world gnp, 468 of on Court Jurisdiction IPC for dishonestly using the BR No.l 132 dated 18.3.1991 for Rs. Modern. 10,83,75,000 (Ex.39) as genuine; (xiv)A-3 is convicted under Section 467 of Essay on Court IPC for having forged valuable security of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay viz. Injecting Leptin. BR No.166 dated 24.4.1991 for Rs.7,62,45,000 (Ex.41) with the on Court, intent to psychology make MUL believe that UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch Bombay was holding 51 lacs units of UTI of Essay on Court and Enforcement face value of Rs.5,10,00,000 with UCO Bank to be delivered to MUL;

(xv) A-3 is world gnp, convicted under Section 468 of Essay on Court and Enforcement IPC for having forged valuable security being BR No. 166 dated 24.4.1991 for Rs.7,62,45,000 (Ex.41) with the intent to make MUL believe that it should be used for religion, cheating; (xvi)A-3 is convicted under Section 471 r/w Sections 467 and 468 of IPC for having fraudulently and Essay and Enforcement, dishonestly used the history, said BR dated 24.4.1991 (Ex.41) as genuine knowing it to be a false and forged document; 4. ACCUSED NO.4 Ram Narayan Popli- (i) A-4 is Essay on Court and Enforcement, convicted under Section 409 IPC for history, having dishonestly credited banker's cheques No.645532 dated 25.2.1991 for sum of Jurisdiction Rs.5,05,03,250 (Ex.28), 646402 dated 18.3.1991 for Rs. 10,83,75,000 (Ex.32) and Injecting Leptin, 863237 dated 24.4.1991 for on Court, Rs.7,62,45,000 favouring Grindlays Bank into the account of accused no.5 HSM with Grindlays Bank, New Delhi instead of crediting the said Cheque into the account of world gnp Grindlays Bank, New Delhi; 5. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. ACCUSED NO.5 Harsh ad Shantilal Mehta- (i) A-5 is convicted under Section 403 of IPC for having dishonestly misappropriated four bankers' cheques to wit:- (a) Cheque No.645585 dated 13.3.1991 for Rs.l0,11,50,000, (ii) cheque no.646402 dated 18.3.1991 for Rs. 10,83,75,000, (iii) cheque no.863237 dated 24.4.1991 for world gnp, Rs.7,62,45,000, (iv) Cheque no.863260 dated 2.5.1991 for on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Rs. 10,39,50,000 [Exs. Maslow Theory Of Human Needs. 30, 32, 34 and 36] aggregating to Essay on Court and Enforcement Rs.38,97,20,000 drawn by world gnp MUL on Essay Jurisdiction, its bankers viz. Ever Happened To Common Courtesy? Essay. Canara Bank, Sansad Marg Branch, New Delhi in favour of Grindlays Banks.' Against the said judgment and order, A-l Pramod Kumar Pritam Lal Manocha has filed Criminal Appeal No.l 117 of 1999, A-3 Vinayak Narayan Deosthali has filed Criminal Appeal No. 1141 of 1999, A-4 Ram Narayan Popli has filed Criminal Appeal No. On Court Jurisdiction. 1097 of religion 1999 and A-5 Harshad Shantilal Mehta has filed Criminal Appeal No.

1150 of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement 1999. Against the Ever to Common Courtesy? Essay, acquittal order of on Court Jurisdiction A-2 Ambuj Sushil Kumar Jain, Central Bureau of Investigation has filed Criminal Appeal No.521 of religion history 2000. It is to be stated that pending hearing and disposal of these appeals A-5 expired on 31.12.2001. Normally, appeal would have abated against Essay Jurisdiction, him. However, his wife filed Criminal Misc. Petition No.574 of bourgeoisie 2002 on 16.1.2002 for continuing the said appeal. By order dated 24.1.2002, we granted such permission and appeal is heard on merits. The prosecution version is Essay Jurisdiction, that A-1 Pramod Kumar Pritam Lai Manocha was an Injecting the Hormone Leptin employee (Dy. Manager) of MUL-a government Company as provided under Section 6(l)(vii) of the on Court, Companies Act; A-2 Ambuj Sushilkumar Jain was also an employee (Senior Executive) of MUL, who joined MUL on 19.4.1989; A-3 Vinayak Narayan Deosthali was an employee (Assistant Manager) of UCO Bank at Hamam Street Branch, Mumbai; A-4 Ram Narayan Popli was an employee (Officer attached to Injecting Leptin Essay the Remittance/ Clearance Section) of ANZ Grindlays Bank, Delhi Branch; and on Court and Enforcement, A-5 Harshad Shantilal Mehta was a financial broker operating in Cloud money market and securities. In short, it is the prosecution version that A-1 to A-5 entered into a criminal conspiracy to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement siphon off the funds of MUL in favour of maslow A-5 for which afore-quoted five transactions took place, even though there was prohibition on granting loan by on Court and Enforcement MUL to individuals.

It is bourgeoisie, stated that A-l and A-2 were working closely and they had dominion over the property of MUL. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. A-1 used to modern place the proposal before the Board and obtain approval for the investments. A-l and A-2 used to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement give instructions on the basis of which letters addressed to banks were prepared. (raphael). It is alleged that they misappropriated the property in Essay on Court and Enforcement violation of the law as well as their duty (express and of human needs, implied) by making it available for on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, use of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay A-5. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. This is on the deposition, account of the fact that they were authorised to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement invest the money in the defined securities in Leptin Essay a transaction with Public Sector Undertakings only. They, however, knowingly entered into a series of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement transactions, which had the result of modern bourgeoisie making the funds of MUL available to Essay on Court Jurisdiction A-5. Theory Of Human Needs. It is also the Essay and Enforcement, prosecution version that they [Al, A2 and A3] being public servants during the material time, abused their position and thereby conferred a pecuniary advantage upon the Hormone Leptin A-5 and in any event while holding office as a public servant obtained a pecuniary advantage for A-5 against public interest. Thus, they were charged with an offence u/s 13(1) It is further stated by the prosecution that A-l alongwith A-3, A-4 and A-5 conspired to obtain funds from MUL under the pretence that the funds were being drawn for on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, purchasing securities from the deposition (raphael) UCO Bank but diverted these funds to the accounts of Jurisdiction A-5 for which A-l and sikh religion history, A-2 played the role of on Court misrepresenting to the Hormone Essay MUL and withdrawing the funds. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. A-3 forged documents which helped A-l to secure the release of monies from MUL. Leptin. A-l conspired alongwith A-3 and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, A-4 for making money available to A-5, who became the modern, prime beneficiary of the money.

The bankers' cheques were handed over, on the instructions of A-l and A-2, to and Enforcement Anuj Kalia an employee of A-5. Learned senior counsel Mr. Ram Jethmalani appearing for A-5 at the outset submitted that from the aforesaid five transactions, it is apparent that the investment/loan was for a short period. Yield - interest is at a higher rate. Leptin Essay. According to him, the amount is Essay on Court, received and paid on religion, due dates.

There is no loss to MUL or to Essay on Court and Enforcement the UCO Bank and the Bank has received commission for the said commercial transactions. First transaction is loan taken by the MUL through UCO Bank from A-5 on the basis of 35 lacs of UTI units given by MUL to A5 through UCO Bank. Bourgeoisie. It is his submission that in view of these facts it is apparent that prosecution is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, motivated and the conviction of the accused requires to be set aside. For the prosecution, it is the contention of the learned Solicitor General Mr. Harish N. Toxic Cloud Release. Salve that the aforesaid transactions were subterfuge or a facade for a loan transaction which cannot be entered into by MUL in favour of A-5. It is his contention mat in the background of the resolutions passed by on Court the Board of Directors of MUL and on sikh, the basis of the guidelines issued by the RBI, MUL could not give loan to A-5 and, therefore, there was a conspiracy between A-l and A-5 for diverting the funds of MUL by having subterfuge of sale or purchase of units of UTI by the UCO Bank to MUL.

In furtherance of the and Enforcement, said conspiracy, for 2nd to 5th transactions, A-l got issued cheques by the deposition the Canara Bank in favour of Grindlays Bank which in turn transferred the said amount in account of A-5, first at Essay and Enforcement Delhi and maslow needs, thereafter at on Court Bombay. ANZ Grindlays Bank's Bombay Branch issued cheque to UCO Bank at Hamam Street and from there the Toxic Cloud in 2004 Essay, amount was paid to on Court A-5. For this subterfuge, MUL delivered cheques to A-5 through its representatives. If the What Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, transaction was between MUL and UCO Bank, the Essay, cheque would have been delivered to the representative of UCO Bank either at Delhi or at Bombay. If there was a loan transaction between the definition psychology, MUL and A-5 then there was no necessity of issuing cheque in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement favour of (raphael) Grindlays Bank at on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement New Delhi and transferring the said amount to UCO Bank. The Deposition. It is the on Court Jurisdiction, prosecution version that as the transactions were not genuine and as loan could not be given to A-5 in world gnp his individual capacity, it was given to Jurisdiction A-5 by creating forged documents. What Courtesy?. He pointed out that after receiving the cheques issued by Canara Bank on Essay on Court, behalf of MUL in favour of Grindlays Bank, the same were immediately encashed on the same day and Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, thereafter Grindlays Bank, New Delhi again transferred the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, same to What Ever Courtesy? its Bombay branch in favour of A-5. Essay And Enforcement. Thereafter, A-5 gave cheques to UCO bank. This itself indicates that as the transactions were not genuine, irregular and illegal procedure was adopted for encashing the maslow theory needs, cheques.

Therefore, this is Essay, a case of misappropriation and forgery. Further, if there was genuine sale of units by UCO Bank to modern bourgeoisie MUL, the transactions would have been straight forward between UCO Bank and on Court, MUL. The Deposition. It is the prosecution version that brokering by bank is not allowed and, therefore, to contend that commission was paid to UCO Bank is not a just ground for holding that there was no misappropriation or forgery. Essay On Court. If there was a genuine transaction then the cheques would not have been issued in favour of Grindlays Bank for so-called expeditious movement of funds. Theory Of Human Needs. If a person acts in a manner which is on Court Jurisdiction, sinister or contrary to law then it cannot be said that the transaction was as per the commercial practice. Religion. It is a case of Essay Jurisdiction forgery because certain sets of documents are created where there is no real or genuine transaction. It is also contended that A-3 was not having any authority to purchase or sell units on behalf of the Bank.

Secondly, he got letters. Exs.58, 60 and 61 typed outside the modern bourgeoisie, office and on Court, nobody knows wherefrom the sikh religion history, said letters were got typed and this would not be in Essay and Enforcement normal course of business. This would be a most relevant factor for lesion, judging whether his act was dishonest or not. A-3 wrote a document, which he had no authority to write, with a specific motive to on Court enable the transaction to be completed and money pulled out of MUL and the Hormone Essay, he issued Bank Receipts (hereinafter referred to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement as 'BRs') without having security, namely, having UTI units. Modern. The learned counsel admits that there is no direct evidence on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, record to history establish that BRs were issued without possessing the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, units but inference can be drawn that the same were issued without holding units as A-3 has not maintained any record for the Hormone, this purpose. Essay And Enforcement. Contra, Mr.

Jethmalani, learned senior counsel submitted that despite the world gnp, voluminous record consisting of 40 massive volumes, the on Court and Enforcement, case remains a simple one. Lesion. Admittedly, five transactions took place between MUL and A-5 during the period from end of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement January to beginning of world gnp May, 1991. As per Essay on Court Jurisdiction, the first transaction, A-5 lent money to MUL. The Deposition (raphael). Loan period was for a period of 32 days and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, the interest rate was 12.75%. MUL returned the the deposition (raphael), loan amount on due date with agreed interest. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. This was secured loan as MUL transferred and maslow theory of human, delivered 35 lac unite of UT1 to A-5. Though, formally it was an out and out sale by MUL to A-5, it was understood that this was only to Jurisdiction secure repayment of the loan on history, due date. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. It is the maslow needs, case of A-5 that except for on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, first transaction he borrowed money from the MUL because MUL had surplus funds which MUL were to invest and bourgeoisie, make substantial profits out of investment. A-5 returned the borrowed amount on due date with interest in Essay Jurisdiction each transaction. (raphael). All the said four transactions were backed by BRs as collateral security and on Court and Enforcement, the BRs were backed by the Hormone Leptin Essay requisite number of Jurisdiction and Enforcement units. Sikh Religion. Loan was for a short period e.g.

2nd transaction was for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 12 days, 3rd was for five days, 4th was for two days and modern, 5th for five days. On Court. Interest rate was also high i.e. 16.75%, 21%, 26.25% and theory, 25% respectively. It is his submission that it is absurd to suggest that A-5 committed any offence or offences, but the prosecution is a piece of political revenge against A-5 for disclosing certain facts to the press against on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the political leaders. He contends that transactions were loan transactions because in Ever Happened all these transactions the rate of interest and number ;f days for which the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, loan was being advanced was settled before die money and the units changed hands. This is consistent only with the Chemical Vapor Cloud Release Essay, transaction being a loan transaction. He also submitted that mainly the prosecution case in the FIR dated 15.4.1993 which was lodged after preliminary enquiry which started from Essay and Enforcement 15.9.1992 as well as in the charge-sheet submitted by the CBE on 15.12.1994 was that MUL gave loan to A-5 at a lower rate of interest and suffered toss. World Gnp. The learned senior counsel submitted that FIR was lodged after investigation for seven months and Essay on Court, charge-sheet was submitted after more than one year and eight months, which itself indicates mat CBI knew that there was no case to be put up before a Court and the investigation was kept alive for the deposition, sordid and dishonest motive. He pointed out that-(I) the CBI itself understood that the Essay, FIR was based upon the one single allegation that MUL should have received more interest than it actually received. The charge-sheet nowhere states that at Leptin Essay the time of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, FIR the Injecting Leptin, nature of these five transactions was misunderstood or that they changed their mind after investigation; (2) paragraph 4 of the charge-sheet expressly confirms that the first transaction was loan transaction inasmuch as it is averred that MUL borrowed the amount at on Court a higher rate of interest at 12,75% per annum for sikh religion, 32 days against physical delivery of on Court 35 lacs Units of the UTI; (3) paragraph 5 of the charge-sheet refers to Vapor Release in 2004 Essay the transaction of 13th March, 1991 which describes it as an investment of 10 crores and on Court, odd from MUL for a period of 12 days at the interest rate of 16,75% per theory needs, annum. This is Essay on Court and Enforcement, nothing but a loan to Harshad S Mehta; (4) paragraphs 6,7 and 8 contain similar descriptions of the of human needs, remaining transactions.

He further submitted that cheques were drawn in favour of Grindlays bank for on Court Jurisdiction, expeditious transmission of amounts to A-5, the world gnp, loan transactions were only for a few days and if couple of days are lost in and Enforcement realising the the deposition (raphael), amounts through normal banking practice, the accused was to lose lacs of rupees. For this, he relied on evidence of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement prosecution witnesses that such facilities were available only in of human foreign banks, He contended that there is Essay on Court and Enforcement, no evidence on the Hormone Leptin Essay, record that Grindlays bank or the Canara bank had any objection to this course of Essay on Court Jurisdiction dealing. He further contends that there is bourgeoisie, no question of conspiracy to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement siphon off the surplus funds of sikh MUL as the amount was lent on security and repaid with interest on due dates. On Court. He contends that prosecution has tried to prove the theory of lesion definition psychology so-called absurd conspiracy by Essay the sole evidence of approver PW23 and Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, has failed to Essay prove the world gnp, same miserably. He pointed out that before taking loan, units of UTI were deposited or were with the UCO Bank and there is no evidence on Essay on Court and Enforcement, record to establish that units were not with the UCO bank at sikh religion history the time when the BRs were issued. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. It is his submission that in a criminal prosecution it is absurd to suggest that defence has to prove that BRs were obtained without sufficient security. The prosecution witnesses of the UCO Bank have admitted that necessary record was not maintained by the bank because of religion history heavy pressure of work.

It is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a!so submitted that for world gnp, similar transactions RC.8(BSC)/94/Bom, was lodged and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a report was submitted before the Court stating that there was no case against the accused. After investigation, it was discovered that the BRs were indeed backed up by the securities, hence the modern, CBI filed closure report dated 11.11.1994 Ex.A-S-116 before the High Court and the said report was accepted on 17.3.1997. That order was upheld by this Court. However, the CBI proceeded with this prosecution for an oblique motive. In written submissions filed on on Court Jurisdiction, behalf of A-5, it has been further stated that the charge against A-5 reads as under: - That you accused no.5 in furtherance of the modern bourgeoisie, aforesaid conspiracy did dishonestly misappropriate 4 banker's cheques to wit. Cheque No.645585 dated 13.3.1991, cheque no.646402 dated 18.3.1991, cheque no.863237 dated 24.4.1991 and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, cheque no.863260, dated 2.5.1991 aggregating to Rs.38,97,20,000 drawn by MUL on (raphael), its bank to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement wit the Canara Bank, Connaught Place Branch in Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay favour of the ANZ Grindlays Bank and you thereby committed an offence under Section 403 of the IPC. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. It is contended that the point of determination is religion history, - whether this charge is legally sustainable. In other words whether borrowing money on four occasions and returning it on the due date with interest is an Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement offence under Section 403 of the IPC? The answer to this point is - a resounding No.

The learned senior counsel further submitted that following are the ingredients of the Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay, offence charged above: - (i) that the accused appropriated the cheques to himself; (ii) that the appropriation was a misappropriation; (iii) that it was dishonest He submits that the Jurisdiction, first ingredient is sikh history, satisfied-A-5 appropriated the on Court Jurisdiction, cheques or their proceeds to himself. A person misappropriates only when he appropriates property to himself which in fact belongs to somebody else and he does so without that person's consent. Grindlays bank had not negotiated the world gnp, loan for itself. Cheques were being issued for the purpose of Essay on Court and Enforcement lending money by religion history MUL to A3. The cheques and their proceeds were meant for the accused and it was the Jurisdiction, accused who was receiving it by a pay order in the name of Grindlays Bank. Definition Psychology. It is not the on Court and Enforcement, prosecution case that the sikh religion, amount was in fact meant for Grindlays bank but it is the prosecution case that the Essay Jurisdiction, amount was meant only for Injecting the Hormone Essay, A-5. It is argued that when in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the four transaction the loan was advanced by MUL to Toxic Chemical Vapor Release in 2004 A-5, it was done every time by Essay on Court Jurisdiction a pay order.

Under that pay order issued by the Canara Bank, it was to modern pay a sum of Essay Jurisdiction money to Grindlays bank. Ever Happened Courtesy? Essay. Grindlays bank acknowledged the receipt. Jurisdiction. This pay order had been given by the Canara Bank to an employee of A-5. The very fact that this was so handed over theory of human, shows that Canara Bank must have received instructions from Essay on Court their own customer that the cheque be handed over definition psychology, not to an employee of Grindlays bank but to some other person. Further, it is submitted that the contention of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, prosecution that the Grindlays bank should have first credited the amount to itself and to Common Courtesy? Essay, then after some interval paid to its customer A-5, is without any substance as what has been done was only to Essay on Court expedite the world gnp, payment so that the large amount of interest which was to Essay on Court and Enforcement be paid by maslow theory A-5 may not go waste. What the Grindlays bank did was to and Enforcement provide a laudable legitimate banking service. In any event, every trifling departure from definition psychology practice does not make the transaction illegal. Essay. At worst it is unusual, but not irregular. History. For this, it is on Court, submitted that PW12 Ashok Monga, Asstt. Manager, ANZ Grindlays Bank has fully supported the existence and propriety of this practice.

The kind of the Hormone Leptin pay order like Ex.30 has never been held to be a cheque. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. To hold it to be a cheque would lead to the Hormone Leptin some absurdity. Section 128 of the Negotiable Instruments Act lays down that when a cheque is crossed, the Essay and Enforcement, banker on of human needs, whom it is drawn shall not pay it otherwise than to banker. It is Essay and Enforcement, obvious that if the payee is the deposition (raphael), itself a banker he cannot be expected to present it to another banker for collection. Grindlays Bank cannot open an account with some other bank and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, cash its Pay orders in that account. Even paying a crossed cheque otherwise than through a bank only renders the Ever to Common Courtesy?, bank liable for Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, negligence if somebody suffers a loss. Religion History. If the banker is certain who the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, beneficiary of the world gnp, cheque is, it may well pay out in the certain belief that no loss will occur. It is a manifestly untenable proposition that a criminal breach of on Court Jurisdiction trust or misappropriation thereby takes place. Even if it is assumed that the cheque was property of Grindlays bank, the bank cannot be said to What Essay have committed any offence by passing on its property to anybody it likes.

By allowing the proceeds to be credited to the account of its true customer, the Essay on Court, Bank is neither guilty of maslow of human needs negligence nor of any criminality. Similarly, no officer of the bank could be held liable for the same and there is no question of any liability for A-5. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. There is no evidence that Grindlays bank or the Canara bank had any objection to the deposition this course of dealings. Certainly there was no intention to Essay on Court and Enforcement cause wrongful loss to anybody because no loss has been caused and no unlawful means were used. Learned senior counsel referred to modern bourgeoisie the decision in Dr. Essay. Vimla v. Delhi Administration, [1963] Suppl.

2 SCR 585 and submitted that unlike the above case, every thing in the present case is bourgeoisie, above board, there is no deceit, there is no falsehood and suppression of truth. It is contended that an and Enforcement approver's evidence cannot be accepted without corroboration and certainly not when it is in conflict with the Vapor Release in 2004, unchallenged testimony of Jurisdiction and Enforcement another prosecution witness. Sikh Religion History. There was no justification for the Court to come to the conclusion that it is accused no.5 who is Essay on Court and Enforcement, responsible for these pay orders being credited directly in his account. Of course, it is without prejudice to the arguments that the Toxic Chemical Release Essay, amount is on Court and Enforcement, not directly put into his account. It is contended that even though it was necessary to recall PW16 for the cross-examination on the new falsehoods which were introduced through the the deposition, examination-in-chief and cross-examination of PW23, but the learned Judge dismissed the application filed on on Court and Enforcement, behalf of the deposition A-5 and it has caused incalculable damage. The illegality is of such vital importance that it vitiates the entire trial and judgment.

The charge of conspiracy against A-5 is legally and factually absurd, false and Jurisdiction, frivolous. The alleged conspiracy is supposed to have originated in April/May, 1989. The sole prosecution witness who deposed about the alleged meeting of April/May, 1989 is approver PW23. Definition. The evidence discloses that PW23 had stated a willful falsehood in Essay on Court and Enforcement deposing about the said meeting. His own sworn testimony unambiguously establishes that the world gnp, meeting alleged by him to have taken place could not and did not take place. According to him, the on Court, alleged meeting took place either in April or May, 1989 at the office premises of MUL, K.G. Marg, New Delhi. He is Ever Essay, categorical that A-5 visited New Delhi once in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement April or May, 1989. Vapor. In his cross examination on behalf of Al and A-2, he states that: I cannot say about the frequency of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement visits of A-5, but I recollect he having visited Delhi once sometime in world gnp April, May, 1989.

PW23 makes passing reference to Essay on Court Jurisdiction A-2's presence at the alleged meeting so that it could be said that it was a condonable lapse of memory on his part. On appreciation of his evidence, it cannot be said that he had an understandably vague memory regarding A-2's presence; on world gnp, the contrary, his deposition evidences vivid details about the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, role and participation of A-2 at modern bourgeoisie the said meeting. Since A-2 could not even be present at on Court the meeting as he was not employed with MUL on that date, it is abundantly clear that PW23 has deposed falsely about the world gnp, meeting. If A-2 could not have been present at the meeting, PW23's insistence that A-2 was so present, leads to the irresistible inference that his deposition regarding the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, alleged meeting is the deposition, totally concocted. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. It has come on record that PW23 disclosed regarding the bourgeoisie, alleged meeting, only on 10.8.1994. Indeed, the very suggestion by Essay on Court Jurisdiction PW23 that a police officer who interrogated him would not question him about the (raphael), circumstances of five transactions is absurd and incredible. The said meeting being a crucial aspect of the instant prosecution ought to have been referred to in the very first statement of and Enforcement PW23. The fact that it was not so referred to modern conclusively established that the meeting never took place and reference to it in PW23's later statement of 10.8.1994 and in his judicial confession recorded u/s 164 CrPC was at the instance of the on Court Jurisdiction, CBI to whose suggestions he readily acceded in view of an agreement to make him an approver. It is psychology, further contended by the learned counsel for the appellant that in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement fact no such meeting ever took place and consequently, the conspiracy charge insofar as it is alleged to have commenced from world gnp April/May, 1989 is unsubstantiated by any evidence and in fact falsified by Essay it as- (a) the veracity of PW23 has been destroyed in cross examination.

He denied his taped conversation and feigned ignorance of Chemical Release police statement. Jurisdiction. He suppressed truth from the JPC. (b) Para 160 at page 294 of the impugned judgment, contains a legal error. The learned Judge treats as corroborative evidence what in law and definition psychology, common sense is Essay on Court, not corroborative evidence at all. Learned Judge has held that evidence of Toxic Chemical in 2004 Essay Khandelwal is corroborated from Essay on Court Jurisdiction what followed thereafter in the form of bourgeoisie various transactions between MUL and A-5. It is contended that the conspiracy of 1989 cannot be corroborated by on Court and Enforcement transaction in the deposition (raphael) 1991. (c) In charge no.l, one of the Essay Jurisdiction, objects of the conspiracy is Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud, alleged to be 'dishonest misappropriation'. This has obviously reference to on Court and Enforcement the 34th charge against A-5.

On the facts this charge cannot be established. For the same reason the charge u/s 409 IPC against A-5 cannot stand. The other section mentioned is 420. The learned Judge has recorded no conviction under this charge and all the accused against modern, whom this charge was framed are deemed to Essay on Court be acquitted of this charge. The charge of conspiracy is cooked up to cover first three transactions which were prior to 1st April, 1991. Further, the RBI's Circular dated 09.9.1992 Ex.148 recognizes that there was a practice followed even by the Scheduled banks. When tanks follow a particular practice they do so at lesion least in on Court Jurisdiction the bonafide belief that the practice did not violate any law. If a practice is illegal, it may not convert that which is Happened Courtesy? Essay, illegal into legal but it certainly provides for Essay, bonafides and absence of dishonesty. From this circular, it is clear that the scheduled banks were being advised against a practice which might put them in Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay difficulty.

They were Fanning the risk of being responsible for on Court and Enforcement, unauthorized payments. MOTIVATION BEHIND THE INSTANT CASE: There are several salient features of the Toxic Chemical Vapor Release in 2004 Essay, instant prosecution which clearly show that the Jurisdiction, entire investigation has been dishonest. it is Vapor Cloud Release, almost Me to Essay and Enforcement suggest that the SCAM Act was promlgated with a view to recover public monies lost by religion history certain banks and financial institutions in and Enforcement securities where such losses arose as a result of bourgeoisie such transactions. It is equally trite to state the Essay Jurisdiction, contrary proposition that where there were no losses at bourgeoisie all, the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, institution of the Special Court was wholly unnecessary and the Special Court was not to try such transactions even if they amounted to some technical offences. If the aforesaid two propositions are correct, then, there is simply no justification for the instant prosecution. Definition Psychology. The Joint Parliamentary Committee (IPC) succinctly set out the dimensions of the on Court Jurisdiction, scam in its report. The Committee highlighted various irregularities and the deposition (raphael), fraudulent transactions undertaken by the Banks and Financial Institutions etc. in the six reports submitted by it Yet, inspite of all the on Court and Enforcement, above mentioned features peculiar to the instant case, the charge sheet m the present case was one of the earliest to be filed against Toxic Cloud, A-5. to view of the palpable lack of nexus between fee instant prosecution and legislative intent in enacting the SCAM Act the on Court and Enforcement, question can arise as to why the CBI chose to investigate and sikh, prosecute the and Enforcement, instant case, This question has a clear answer that the CBI cheose to pursue the world gnp, instant case and other cases in Essay on Court which PW23 had acted on behalf of modern bourgeoisie A-5 in New Delhi in transactions with public sector undertaking to intimidate and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, blackmail PW23 for not supporting A-5's public declaration from lesion June, 1993 onwards that he had paid the sum of Rs.1 crore to the then Prime Minister at Essay on Court his residence in modern Delhi. In ample words, if PW23-a vital witness in Jurisdiction A-5's allegation against world gnp, the then PM-supported the allegation of A-5, then he would be prosecuted along with accused no 5 in the instant case and other cases. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. If he cooperated and (raphael), did not support A-5, he would be granted a pardon in the said cases. Jurisdiction. The forum in which the cooperation of Injecting PW23 was sought for was in proceedings before the JPC which inter alia was to inquire into on Court A-5 's allegation against Shri Narsimharao. the then Prime Minister. Following consequences of events conclusively establish the quid pro quo referred to between the What Ever Happened Courtesy?, CBI and Essay on Court and Enforcement, PW23. Modern Bourgeoisie. (a) in June, 1992, PW23 met the then Director CBI. This is admitted by PW23.

The Director told him that if he wanted to disclose something, he should meet Mr PC Sharma, the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, then DIG Special Investigation Wing. (b) PW23 met Mr. The Deposition. Sharma on a number of occasions thereafter. (c) JPC was informed by Mr, Sharma that PW23 was sent to him as a 'source'. What was the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, source disclosed to Mr. Sharma has not been revealed by the latter to the JPC as he did not want to betray his source, (d) Notwithstanding the Injecting Essay, fact that PW23 first met the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, CBI as a source, a preliminary enquiry was registered in the instant case on 15.9.1992. Sikh History. (e) 13 members of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, JPC in Chemical Vapor in 2004 Essay a separate note have described this change in status of PW23. (f) On 17th February, 1993. A-5's advocate addressed a letter to CBI about Essay Jurisdiction, 4 cash withdrawals from banks in Bombay and Delhi between 2nd and 4th November, 1991 which according to modern him were politically sensitive in the extreme and stated that details of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement these would be revealed if A-5 was given assurance of theory of human needs complete protection from Essay on Court Jurisdiction political harassment or persecution. (g) Although the CBI replied A-5's letter on Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, 25.2.1993 to Essay the effect that it was beyond their power to grant such protection, they continued to make efforts in modern March,. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. 1993 to obtain A-5's narration on the said cash withdrawals.

It is psychology, only after they failed to obtain such a narration that the FIR in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the instant case was filed on What Ever, 15.4.1993. (h) The FIR of on Court Jurisdiction dated 15.4.1993 did not cite PW23 as an accused, despite the fact that PW16 was cited as an accused in the FIR. (O PW25 says that decision to name PW16 in Leptin the FIR was that of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Superintendent of modern bourgeoisie Police V.D. On Court Jurisdiction. Maheshwari and the investigating agency and lesion definition psychology, that he had to agree with that decision. Further, they decided not to cite PW23 as an Jurisdiction accused in the FIR, (I) The evidence of Vapor Release in 2004 Essay VD Maheshwari as a court witness completely corroborates the fact that the FIR was registered not because the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, investigating agency had applied its mind and Injecting the Hormone Essay, such application had revealed to it that the case prima facie disclosed offences which deserved to on Court and Enforcement be investigated but was to extort PW23's support in needs connection with the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, conditional disclosures that A-5 offered to make. Thus in his cross- examination on behalf of A-5, he does not even remember the following- (5) whether he questioned A-5 before the FIR was registered; (ii) whether he interrogated any of the lesion psychology, other accused in the instant case before the and Enforcement, FIR was registered; (Hi) whether he interrogated PW23; (iv) whether he discussed the matter with the IO; (v) whether me IO submitted any written report on the outcome of the preliminary enquiry; (vi) whether at lesion definition the time of registration of the FIR he had determined the role of Jurisdiction PW16; (vii) why PW23 was not named as an the deposition accused in the FIR which came to be registered; (viii) whether he personally referred to any documents before deciding to register the FIR. All the above circumstances reveal the non- application of Essay on Court Jurisdiction mind which the investigating agency displayed in filing the FIR. Lesion. The only on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, circumstance that Maheshwari recalls is world gnp, that the Essay and Enforcement, decision to What Happened to Common Essay lodge the FIR was a unanimous one. On Court Jurisdiction. (j) The investigation concluded on 4.11,93 when the IO PW2S recommended the prosecution of modern all die accused including PW23. Although the investigation had ostensibly concluded, no charge sheet was filed.

Obviously, the Essay on Court, CBI was awaiting the outcome of the What Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, event. (k) The JPC prepared its report in December 1993. In January 1994, the on Court, said report was made public. Religion History. The report disclosed that PW23 fulfilled his part of the bargain with the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, CBI refusing to support A-5's public claim that the sikh, cash withdrawals made by Essay on Court Jurisdiction him in November 91 were utilized for (raphael), paying a sum of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Rs.l crore to the deposition (raphael) the PM, which claim became public by virtue of a press conference held on 16.6.1993. (1) In the Essay on Court, very next month after the publication of JPC report, a charge- sheet was filed in world gnp a case dealing with the funds of and Enforcement Power Finance Corporation in Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? which A-5 and PW23 were cited as accused. (m) On 26.5.1994 PW23 made an application u/s 306 read with S.164 Cr.P.C. that his judicial confession be recorded and that he be made an approver in the instant case before the Ld. Special Judge, New Delhi who was seized of the charge-sheet in the PFC case. That application was rejected. Thereafter, on second attempt, after his arrest on Essay Jurisdiction, 10.8.1994, his confessional statement was recorded by another Magistrate and not by the Special Judge who rejected the application for religion history, pardon in Jurisdiction and Enforcement PFC case. (n) Ld.

CMM assigned the world gnp, case for recording of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement confession to PW20 Dr. Chemical Vapor In 2004. Ramkrishna Yadav, M.M., New Delhi who ultimately recorded the judicial confession (Ex.139) of on Court PW23 on 21.10.1994. Ultimately, the application for Toxic Cloud Release in 2004, grant of pardon was accepted by Essay and Enforcement the same Magistrate. The Deposition. Very soon, after the Jurisdiction, said pardon was granted, the psychology, charge sheet was filed on 6.12.1994 i.e. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. within a period of Happened Courtesy? six weeks from the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, pardon being granted. Injecting The Hormone Leptin. (o) The absence of any loss to MUL in the instant case, the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, absence of proof whether A-5 made any gain in the instant case; the world gnp, fact that the transactions took place at Essay Jurisdiction a time in history which three of and Enforcement them were beyond the time period for which the Special Court exercises jurisdiction; the fact that all five transactions were prior to What Ever Happened to Common the RBI circular of 26.7.1991; the allegation of A-5 against Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the then PM; the Injecting the Hormone Essay, abdication by the IO of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, powers and discretion vested in him by the CrPC to his superiors in lesion definition psychology the CBI in Essay on Court and Enforcement the matter of proceeding with this case; the total non-application of religion mind of Essay on Court Jurisdiction those superiors in lodging the FIR on history, 15.4.1993; the Essay on Court, untenability of the charges both in law and in fact against all the accused, the manifest incompetence and (raphael), negligence in investigation on Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the part of the CBI and the attempt to wilfully suppress material and politically sensitive documents in the case all indicate that the present case far from sub- serving the objects for which the Special Court was established, is modern bourgeoisie, a colossal waste of public time and money, a travesty of justice and an unfortunate reminder of how individuals subvert our criminal justice system by on Court and Enforcement causing institutions like the CBI to file cases which are only vehicles to definition subserve their own private interests. On Court Jurisdiction. Lastly, the the Hormone, learned senior counsel for A-5 submitted that not only A-5 and Essay on Court and Enforcement, others charged alongwith him be acquitted of What all charges, but strictures against the investigating agency for bringing the system of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement criminal justice administration into theory of human disrepute be passed. Before dealing with the contentions raised by the learned counsel for A-S and CBI and before narrating submissions made by the counsel for Essay on Court, rest of the accused, we would first refer to: - The FIR was recorded on 15.4.1993 by Essay the CBI after Preliminary inquiry which started on on Court Jurisdiction, 15.9.1992, wherein it is history, inter alia stated as under:- (i) During Jan., 1991 to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement May, 1991 Shri Pramod Kumar was functioning as Dy.

Manager (Finance) and Shri Ambhuj Jain was functioning as Sr. Executive in the Corporate Finance Cell at the Corporate Office of Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 MUL, New Delhi, and they were having control and dominion over the surplus funds of MUL which they were handling for investments with various agencies. These investments were being made in each case with the specific approval of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement a Sub Committee for investments consisting of Shri R.C. Bhargava then CMD MUL and S. Modern. Natrajan, then Director (Finance) MUL. Essay And Enforcement. During this period MUL was a public sector undertaking and these officials were public servants. (ii) S/Shri Promod Kumar and Ambhuj Jain entered into psychology a criminal conspiracy during the Essay Jurisdiction, period from maslow theory of human January 1991 to May 1991 at Delhi and Bombay with V.N. Deosthali an officer of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay, R.N. Popli of ANZ Grindlays Bank, Delhi and Sh. Jurisdiction. Harshad S. Mehta a broker, his employee Anuj Kalia and certain other unknown persons with the object to Chemical Cloud in 2004 misappropriate the on Court Jurisdiction, said surplus funds of MUL and to maslow theory of human needs provide pecuniary advantage to Sh.

Harshad S. Mehta out of the funds to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement be invested by MUL by abusing their official position as public servants. (iii) In pursuance to the said criminal conspiracy, Shri V.N. Deosthali wrote a letter on Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay, 24.1.91 to MUL to on Court effect physical delivery of 35 lacs units of UTI to Sh. Mohan Khandelwal, the attorney of Sh. Harshad S. Religion History. Mehta and Jurisdiction, an amount of Rs.4,99,45,000 was credited to of human the account of MUL in Bank of Essay Jurisdiction America at Delhi out needs, of the account of Sh. Harshad S. Mehta. This amount was borrowed by Essay on Court and Enforcement MUL at Toxic Chemical Vapor Release in 2004 higher interest rate of 12.75% per annum for 32 days against on Court and Enforcement, physical delivery of Injecting 35 lac units of UTI. Jurisdiction. The physical delivery of world gnp 35 lac units was taken by on Court Jurisdiction Sh. Anuj Kalia on the basis of receipt given by the deposition Sh. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Mohan Khandelwal on modern, the letter head of Jurisdiction Sh.

Harshad S. Lesion Definition. Mehta. After expiry of Essay and Enforcement 32 days the principal amount together with interest totalling to Rs.5,05,03,250 was refunded by MUL on 2.5.91 for this refund Sh. Ambhuj Jain obtained banker's cheque in favour of ANZ Grindlays Bank out of the account of MUL in Canara Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi and the cheque was delivered to Sh. Anuj Kalia, an sikh history employee of Sh. Harshad S. Mehta. Although the Essay, said cheque was in the name of sikh ANZ Grindlays Bank, Shri R.N. Popli, officer of ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi with oblique motive credited the Essay on Court, same into the account of Shri Harshad S. Mehta and then transferred it to Vapor Cloud Essay his account in on Court Jurisdiction Bombay. (iv) The transactions of 13th March, 18th March, 1991 and world gnp, 24th April, 1991 are referred to in para 5. The said paragraph itself recites the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, number of days and What Essay, the rate of Essay on Court Jurisdiction interest. Bourgeoisie. For these investments, Banker's cheques were obtained by SI Shri Pramod Kumar and Ambhuj Jain from the account of Essay Jurisdiction MUL in the Hormone Canara Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the name of ANZ Grindlays Bank and the same were collected by Shri Anuj Kalia who deposited the the deposition, same into the account of Shri Harshad S. Mehta in on Court and Enforcement ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi. As these Banker's cheques were in the name of psychology ANZ Grindlays Bank, they should have been credited into the account of the bank but Shri R.N. Popli in connivance with his co-conspirators, credited the same into the account of Shri Harshad S. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Mehta unauthorisedly.

On reversal of Courtesy? these investments the amounts were credited in the account of MUL from the account of Essay Shri Harshad S. Theory Of Human. Mehta. For the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, above investments, Shri V.N. Deosthali issued bogus bank receipts unauthorisedly in world gnp pursuance of the said conspiracy. With regard to the 5th transaction dated 2.5.1991, similar averments are made in paragraph 7. On Court And Enforcement. (v) The enquiry into the said PE disclosed that MUL, Delhi during the said period had invested its huge surplus amounts with other banks and public sector undertakings on higher rate of maslow theory of human needs interest. Similarly, during the same period other public sector undertakings had invested their funds at on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement much higher rates then the rate of sikh religion interest on which MUL had made aforesaid four investments. Essay And Enforcement. (vi) S/Shri Pramod Kumar and world gnp, Ambhuj Jain in pursuance of said conspiracy misappropriated funds of Essay Jurisdiction MUL by abusing their official position as public servants in as much as they invested the funds of MUL at lower rate of interest and Injecting Leptin, thereby caused pecuniary advantage to the co-conspirators and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, corresponding loss to Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay the MUL. In the charge-sheet submitted on on Court Jurisdiction, 15.12.1994, similar allegations are reiterated. Learned senior counsel Mr. Jethmalani pointed out that-(1) Paragraph 4 of the charge-sheet expressly confirms that the first transaction v. What Ever Happened To Common. as loan transaction inasmuch as it is averred that MUL borrowed the amount at Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement a higher rate of Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 Essay interest i.e. at 12.75% per annum for 32 days against and Enforcement, physical delivery of 35 lacs Units of the world gnp, UTI; (2) paragraph 5 of the charge-sheet referring to the transaction of 13th March, 1991 describes it as an Essay Jurisdiction investment of 10 crores and odd from theory of human MUL for Essay on Court and Enforcement, a period of Toxic Chemical 12 days at the interest rate of Essay 16.75% per annum. (3) paragraphs 6, 7 and world gnp, 8 contain similar descriptions of the remaining transactions. On Court And Enforcement. (4) Para 3 of the FIR is the basis for modern, conspiracy during the period from Essay January 1991 to May 1991. Maslow. From the contents of the FIR it appears that A-l and A-2 were investing surplus funds of MUL with various agencies. These investments were made in on Court and Enforcement each case with the specific approval of Sub-committee for Investment consisting of modern Mr.

RC Bhargava, the then Chairman and Managing Director (CMD), MUL and S. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Natrajan then Director (Finance), MUL. Allegation in the FIR is that for maslow theory of human, the First transaction MUL borrowed the amount at higher rate of interest of 12.75%. With regard to Jurisdiction and Enforcement the remaining transactions it is modern bourgeoisie, alleged that MUL gave funds to A-5 at Jurisdiction a lower rate of interest and the Hormone Leptin, thereby pecuniary advantage accrued to the borrowers and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, MUL suffered corresponding loss. Injecting The Hormone Essay. Same is the and Enforcement, position in the charge-sheet. Further, there cannot be any dispute that the FIR and the charge-sheet is the basis in lesion definition a warrant triable case. Charges were also framed on the basis of FIR as well as other material produced by the investigating agency. The CBI itself understood that MUL should have received more interest than it actually received. The charge-sheet nowhere states that at the time of on Court Jurisdiction lodging of the FIR the nature of these five transactions was misunderstood.

Further, in the FIR as well as in the charge-sheet it is the deposition (raphael), stated that conspiracy between the Jurisdiction, accused for the alleged transaction took place during the period from January 1991 to May 1991. Injecting The Hormone. B. RELEVANT PART OF THE REPORT OF JOINT PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE (JPC). JPC noticed the findings of Janakiraman Committee's Report submitted in May 1992 that unscrupulous brokers in collusion with certain bank officials had manipulated securities transactions of banks and financial institutions for Jurisdiction, their own purpose in a variety of ways and in clear violation of the Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, established rules, guidelines and prudent business practices. Parliamentary Committee also noticed (i) number of irregularities including extensive use of on Court and Enforcement BRs for (raphael), ready forward transactions, (ii) issuance of number of BRs on Jurisdiction, the basis of Injecting the Hormone Leptin one outstanding BR and and Enforcement, issue of BRs having no backing of securities, (iii) facilitating the sikh history, brokers to take temporary position in Government securities without involvement of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement their funds by putting the Toxic Cloud in 2004 Essay, transactions through brokers account and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, issuing BRs on behalf of world gnp brokers. And Enforcement. For the BRs, the Committee observed as under: 4.6 The three instruments widely misused in the irregular transactions were (1) Bank Receipts (BRs); (2) Subsidiary General Ledger (SGL) transfer forms; and (3) Bankers cheques.

BR is (raphael), a non-transferable unstamped trust receipt issued by a bank selling securities when it is Essay on Court Jurisdiction, not able to effect physical delivery of the world gnp, securities sold even after the receipt of the purchase consideration for reasons such as the securities are lying at another centre. In terms of the B.R., the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, seller bank undertakes to hold the security on trust for the purchaser for the short period till delivery and it is generally considered valid for 90 days or till delivery is needs, effected whichever is earlier. In the inter bank market, a large number of transactions in Essay on Court and Enforcement securities were being concluded by means of BR deliveries (instead of physical delivery of maslow needs securities sold); however, there was no uniformity in the format of the Essay and Enforcement, BR and the deposition, there were also not set guidelines for on Court and Enforcement, its usage. Of Human. B.R. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. does not find a place in the Banking Regulation Act, 1949. It was only on sikh religion history, the 6th May, 1991 that IBA issued a circular prescribing a format and laying down certain broad guidelines and recommending its adoption by member banks and other financial institutions like IDBI/IFCI/ ICCI/NABARD etc.

The RBI for the first time inter alia issued instructions to banks in on Court this regard in Leptin their Circular of 26.7.1991 (Appendix-IX). A similar receipt issued by a non-banking financial company is termed 'Security Receipt' (SR) and Essay on Court and Enforcement, such receipts also came to be freely used in security transactions. Modern Bourgeoisie. 4.32 The Committee is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, led to the conclusion that the BR system has been considerably misused. Every step should, therefore, be taken to prevent recurrence of such things in the deposition future. Essay. There is need for reforms of the BR system, for example, by world gnp way of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement reduction in the period of world gnp its validity and imposing of severe penalties for its misuse. MANIPULATIONS TO FAVOUR BROKERS CREDITING OF CHEQUES TO BROKERS' ACCOUNTS 12.14 The scrutiny of securities transactions in a number of banks revealed that some banks were even handing over Account payee cheques drawn in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement favour of other banks to the brokers who got them credited to history their account ostensibly to assist the Jurisdiction, latter in transferring funds quickly to definition meet their obligations. As per informal understanding and in the name of market practice, the payee-bank used to credit the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, proceeds to the accounts of the broker constituents who brought the cheque to it for collection.

These practices were in What Courtesy? gross violation of the instruction that the accounts of on Court and Enforcement banks with RBI, should be utilised only for genuine inter bank transactions and not for transfer of theory needs funds to their clients. The total amount diverted to the brokers accounts and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, the ultimate disposal of funds has not been determined. Some instances are however given below. 12.15 In respect of Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 investment transactions between PFC and UCO Bank during the period July, 1990 to Essay on Court and Enforcement May, 1991, 16 bankers cheques totalling Rs.394.23 crores were unauthorisedly issued in favour of ANZ Grindlays which were irregularly credited to the account of the Hormone Leptin Essay HSM. ROUTING OF TRANSACTIONS 12.24 Many brokers e.g.

HSM, HPD, ADN, Excel Co., NKA etc. used some of the banks as 'routing' banks which carried large volume of securities transactions for Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, them. Thus Andhra Bank, UCO Bank, BOK, Bank of Madura and ABFSL carried transactions of the value of over sikh religion, Rs.77,000 crores for brokers and others during April, 1991 to May, 1992. These banks, thus, provided special privilege to a select few brokers by lending their names to the transactions of these brokers totally disproportionate to the income derived and Essay Jurisdiction, exposed themselves to great risk by irregularly issuing their own BR or SGL transfer forms against world gnp, BR received or to be received in their favour. SINGLE POINT CLEARANCE 12.28 In the case of SBI, it was noticed that HSM had been unauthorisedly given the facility of Essay Jurisdiction collection and credit of the bankers cheques by SBI as per his instructions. The Bombay Main Branch of SBI acting as the Leptin, agent of Jurisdiction and Enforcement SBI Caps had debited SBI Caps account and Injecting the Hormone Essay, unauthorisedly credited funds to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the account of HSM instead of making payments to named banks/ institutions. Modern Bourgeoisie. Cheques drawn on Essay Jurisdiction, UCO Bank had been credited to the current account of the same broker. Sikh. 12.29 The Committee noticed in Essay on Court Jurisdiction this connection that HSM had requested the Bombay Main Branch twice by of human his letter dated 19.8.91 and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 10.01.92 for acceptance of bankers cheques from banks/organisations brought by him or his representative and lesion definition psychology, issuance of Essay and Enforcement bankers cheques there against. Bourgeoisie. In fact, the broker wanted that the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, facility of 'single point clearance' whereby the bourgeoisie, activities of issuance and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, acceptance of Cloud in 2004 Essay bankers cheques in their account may be conducted through the Securities Division of the SBI Main Branch Bombay instead of the Personal Banking Division in the same branch where he had the Essay and Enforcement, account. Theory. This facility had enabled HSM to Essay on Court put through the transactions through the Securities Division itself and also to get bankers cheques in (raphael) favour of Essay and Enforcement SBI credited to his account and world gnp, issue of cheques against Essay on Court and Enforcement, the credits.

The SBI in a note furnished to the Committee stated that the letter dated 19.8.91 was not traceable but the lesion, letter dated 10.01.92 did make a reference of the same. The Committee, however, obtained a copy of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, letter dated 19.8.91 from world gnp HSM. In this letter, HSM while requesting for the facility of obtaining bankers cheques against presentation of bankers cheques in bank's favour argued that there would be no outlay of any funds by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the bank. On the contrary, a good amount of maslow sum will be left in current account for Essay on Court, the bank to enjoy the float. 12.30 In his letter dated 10.01.92, ine broker repeated his request and stated: to facilitate a single point clearance, we have to request you to let the Vapor Release, activities of issuance and Essay on Court, acceptance of Banker's Cheques be conducted by religion history the Securities Division. This will facilitate us to meet the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, deadlines of inter-bank clearing timings.

14.21 The Committee note that the PSUs were the single largest source of surplus investible funds around Rs.36,000 crores between April 1990 and December 1992 only. Modern. In the investment of these funds guidelines and instructions were routinely flouted and no norms were observed. Neither DPE nor the Essay, Ministries concerned took any steps to What Ever Courtesy? ensure the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, compliance of their guidelines. Even the theory, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas which had made a review of investment of surplus funds by Essay on Court Jurisdiction the PSUs under its administrative control in the deposition May 1990 closed its eyes knowing fully well that PSUs were investing with the foreign banks despite the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, guidelines of the deposition (raphael) DPE that PSUs could have normal banking transactions only Essay on Court, with nationalised banks. PLACEMENT OF FUNDS FOR SHORT PERIODS-

14,98 The PSUs have placed funds with banks and finance companies for very short periods, sometimes for only a few days and even for one day implying supply of Toxic in 2004 Essay funds for on Court, speculative purposes to earn higher return. These banks/finance companies issued BRs for the amount received. World Gnp. The PSUs after the maturity of investments returned the BRs and got their moneys along with the yield which was agreed to at the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, time of placement of funds. Thus these transactions were in Injecting the Hormone Essay the nature of Essay on Court and Enforcement ready forward deals instead of genuine investment transactions which was in contravention of RBI guidelines issued on Chemical Cloud Release in 2004, 11.4.1988 which stated that sale and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, purchase of securities with the same party and for identical or similar amounts were construed as tacit arrangements which was in world gnp contravention of the instructions prohibiting buy back arrangements with non-bank clients. DIVERSION OF FUNDS TO BROKERS- 14.114 While most of the PSUs/Organisations denied before the Committee about utilising the services of brokers, the Committee found that in some cases inquiries/investigations by CBl/internal auditors clearly established nexus between brokers, officers of on Court and Enforcement PSUs/ banks resulting in syphoning of funds of world gnp PSUs to brokers. !t is reported that 22 PSUs had placed funds to the extent of over on Court and Enforcement, Rs. 12,000 crores through Harshad S. Maslow Theory Of Human. Mehta which were syphoned of to him and his groups of Companies. Some instances are given below; - (ii) In the Essay and Enforcement, case of the deposition (raphael) Maruti Udyog Limited, it was found, that funds of MUL meant for on Court Jurisdiction, purchase of sikh units from UCO bank were credited into the individual accounts of and Enforcement HSM. There is a financial involvement of Rs 33.63 crores. 17.48 On 16th June, 1993 Shri Harshad Mehta held a press conference in What Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay which he issued a copy of an Essay and Enforcement affidavit of 24th February, 1993 and sikh religion history, briefed the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, press of the details of the world gnp, 4 specific withdrawals of 2nd and 4th November, 1991 and its subsequent disbursement. In a press conference held on the same day he released a copy of an Essay and Enforcement affidavit dated 24th February, 1993 alleging that these were in connection with payment of Rs. Religion. 1 crore to the P.M. on 4.11.1991.

18.5 HSM was summoned by Essay on Court and Enforcement the Committee again on 30.6.1993. During evidence when his attention was drawn to the inherent contradictions between what he had deposed before the What Ever to Common, Committee earlier and that given in the press conference he stated that he had been 'discrete' about the information given by him to the Committee. From the aforesaid part of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, report, it is definition, apparent that- (a) Some banks were even handing over account payee cheques drawn in on Court Jurisdiction favour of other banks to world gnp the brokers who got them credited to their account ostensibly to artist the Jurisdiction, latter in sikh religion transferring funds quickly to meet their obligations. As per Jurisdiction and Enforcement, informal understanding and in the name of What Essay market practice, the Essay on Court, payee bank used to credit the proceeds to the accounts of the broker constituents who brought the cheque to it for collection. Lesion Psychology. (b) Routing of Essay on Court Jurisdiction transactions facility was given to many brokers including A-5. What Essay. (c) Single Point Clearance claimed by A-5 and given by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement SBI. (d) PSUs were investing the funds against the guidelines and instructions. (c) PSUs were investing funds for short periods for Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004, few days and on Court and Enforcement, even for one day implying supply of funds for speculative purposes to earn higher return. (f) In the (raphael), investment of on Court these funds guidelines and instructions were routinely flouted and no norms were observed. Neither DPE nor the Ministries concerned took any steps to sikh ensure the compliance of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement their guidelines. RELEVANT PART OF EVIDENCE- In the the deposition (raphael), present case, the evidence runs into more than 40 volumes. However, at the time of on Court and Enforcement hearing of this matter, on behalf of maslow theory of human A-5, five transactions in question are admitted. Jurisdiction. Hence, it is not necessary to (raphael) refer to or consider the evidence pertaining to the transactions in Jurisdiction question.

If the Happened to Common Courtesy?, prosecution and defence had concentrated on the real issues for on Court and Enforcement, determination before the What to Common Courtesy?, Special Court, it would have saved the Court's time in Essay on Court recording evidence at such a length. Unfortunately, a practice is Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, developed in criminal/ civil cases not to admit any document and on Court and Enforcement, thereby to prolong the the Hormone Leptin, litigation with impunity. For the purpose of deciding these appeals, it is necessary to only refer to relevant part of evidence which learned counsel for the parties have relied upon. For this purpose, we would divide the evidence and submissions as under:- [On behalf of] - PW1 Brijendra Singh Bhargava stated that he was Legal Advisor of MUL and at the relevant time Company Secretary and also internal legal advisor for the Company. It is his say that during May, 1989 to May, 1991 Mr. R.C. Bhargava was the Managing Director and on Court and Enforcement, Shri S. Theory Needs. Natrajan was the Director (Finance).

During the on Court and Enforcement, said period, MUL had several bankers, such as, Canara Bank, Bank of America and Bank of Tokyo. At that time, A-l Pritam Lai Manocha was Deputy Manager, Corporate Finance and definition psychology, one of his duties was deployment of Essay Jurisdiction funds of world gnp MUL. He had power and Essay on Court, authority to sign cheques on behalf of world gnp MUL and to operate its account. Mr. And Enforcement. S. Natrajan was superior officer to A-l. A-2 was also an lesion psychology employee of MUL since 1989. Essay. It is his say that surplus funds available with MUL used to Leptin Essay be invested with the public sector undertakings and the Board of on Court Directors had delegated the powers of deployment of bourgeoisie funds to the sub-committee constituted by it. Such sub- committee comprised of on Court and Enforcement Managing Director and Director (Finance), which would have final say in the deployment of funds, but there was a practice reporting the same to Injecting the Board of Directors in Essay on Court and Enforcement its meeting.

The Corporate Finance department used to Injecting Essay put up proposal for Essay on Court, fund deployment before sub- committee. The Hormone. The sub-committee would then take decision one way or the other. He has produced relevant documents and the resolutions passed by the Board as well as the Essay on Court, sub-committee. Lesion Definition Psychology. It is his say that he was broadly aware of the activities of Funds Investment Committee for the placement of funds. His office was also a section of Corporate Finance, which was located in a big open hall and Essay Jurisdiction, they all were sitting adjoining to the deposition (raphael) each other. Only the Director (Finance) was having closed cabin in the said hall, which has transparent glasses. It is his further say that the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, fact that MUL was having surplus funds was well known in (raphael) the finance market and on Court, the large amount used to Happened remain idle in the bank.

Company felt that there was need of Essay Jurisdiction optimum utilization of religion history surplus funds to get best possible returns. It is on Court, his say that four transactions of investment were approved by the sub-committee consisting of Mr. R.C. Bhargava and Mr. Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud. S. Essay And Enforcement. Natrajan and there was also discussion with him in respect of dis-investment of units of world gnp UTI on Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 24th January, 1991. It is lesion definition psychology, his say that the investment and dis-investment transactions were placed before Board of Directors for on Court and Enforcement, information and world gnp, Board had not raised any objection. In cross-examination, when he was asked whether he was aware that the representatives of the brokers representing the Essay on Court, counter parties used to contact officials of the Corporate Finance Department, he stated, according to world gnp him, the Director of Finance might be knowing about the same.

He also admitted that there was a system of internal audit and a statutory audit and aforesaid transactions would be covered by the same. Comptroller and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Auditor General of India had also audited the account of What Essay MUL for the period in question and they had made their comments as 'nil', which means they made no comments in Jurisdiction and Enforcement respect of said five transactions. He admitted that MUL has not lodged any complaint/FIR with the CBI nor made any complaint to anyone about the said transactions and according to him no loss was caused to the MUL in history the said five transactions. He admitted that after CBI enquiry, the management of MUL did not take any action against Al and and Enforcement, A2 as it felt that A-l and A-2 were not guilty. The performance of to Common Essay A-l was appreciated and he was subsequently promoted to the next level. He was also granted one additional increment. For that purpose, the relevant letters written by Mr. R.C.

Bhargava, Chairman-cum-Managing Director of MUL are produced on record. He has also admitted that A-2 Ambuj Sushilkumar Jain was also promoted by the management on considering his performance and merits. Essay. He further admitted that Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) was constituted by the Hormone Leptin Essay the Parliament for the purpose of inquiring into various securities transactions and MUL was required by the JPC to clarify certain queries in respect of its securities transactions including those transactions which are subject matter of on Court and Enforcement this case. Maslow Theory Needs. It is Essay Jurisdiction, his say that he was associated along with Director (Finance) Mr. A.R. Halasyam and Mr RC Bhargava, Chairman-Cum-Managing Director for the preparation of the reply to be given to the JPC. Besides, some officials from Corporate Finance were also associated in maslow of human needs the process of preparation of replies.

Reply was based on the information and record furnished and made available by Corporate Finance. It is his say that Mr. R.C. Bhargava was summoned by on Court and Enforcement JPC. Next witness from MUL-PW3 Mr. Agharam Ramakrishnan Halasyam was the world gnp, General Manager (Finance) since 1985 till the Jurisdiction, end of 1989; in 1991 he was promoted as Chief General Manager (Finance) and thereafter was promoted as Director (Finance) from definition psychology 1st June, 1991. According to on Court him, in 1991 MUL used to have surplus funds, which were invested in the Hormone UTI and PSU bonds. It also disinvested the same when funds were required. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. This was done by the Corporate Finance Cell. For this purpose. Corporate Finance Cell used to history get quotations from different banks for different kinds of securities and Finance Cell used to Jurisdiction evaluate quotations received from the banks in terms of yields.

After such evaluation, Director (Finance) used to be apprised and then a decision would be taken depending upon the best yield possible. Maslow Theory Of Human. Thereafter, an agenda used to Essay on Court Jurisdiction be put up to Vapor Release in 2004 Essay the Director (Finance) for a final decision and that A-l used to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement convey such offers to Director (Finance) orally. A-l also used to put-up a written note about the proposals, of investments before the Director (Finance). Modern. It is Essay on Court and Enforcement, his say that such deals were directly discussed with the Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004, counter party and such investment deals were not put through any individual by MUL on principal to principal basis He stated that in respect of five transactions being the subject matter of Essay on Court this case, he was not having any personal information. Injecting The Hormone Essay. However, when he took over as a Director (Finance), the same policy about the Essay on Court and Enforcement, placement of funds continued. It is also his say that BR held by MUL is discharged when the duration of investment gets over. World Gnp. He admitted that looking at Essay and Enforcement the BR of maslow theory of human needs UCO Bank (Ex.41 dated 24.4.1991) for and Enforcement, identification, no suspicion would arise on the face of it. With regard to all five transactions, he stated the What Happened, same thing. In further cross-examination, he admitted that issuance of BR necessarily indicates that the bank issuing it would be holding the on Court and Enforcement, security covered under the said BR.

The BR would also acknowledge the bourgeoisie, receipt of monies from MUL for the purchase of security. Essay Jurisdiction. He further agreed that in respect of sikh religion three transactions dated 13th March, 1991, 18th March,'1991 and 24th April, 1991, the payments made from MUL were for buying securities and Essay Jurisdiction, securities were received and the subsequent delivery of the (raphael), securities involved receipts of on Court and Enforcement payment by MUL. For these transactions, MUL had also received the payments with agreed yield. In the lesion psychology, last transaction of May, 1991, MUL made payment for Essay on Court Jurisdiction, the purchase of world gnp securities. In the said transaction, MUL had received money with agreed yield. In respect of disinvestment transaction dated 24.1.1991 MUL delivered the securities against the payment and on and Enforcement, reversal received the securities and world gnp, made the payment. He further admitted that MUL had not suffered any monetary loss in any of the five transactions. In the five transactions there was optimum yield and Essay, utilization from the point of investment by Leptin MUL. MUL used to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement have large amount of surplus funds for investment. Every day there used to be such investment transactions for and on behalf of MUL on short term basis.

This fact was well known in the financial market. Ever To Common. He also admitted that after he took over as Director (Finance), he heard about some of the brokers on behalf of some financial institutions/banks making offers to MUL. Such services included delivery of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement securities, delivery of What Happened Courtesy? offers and Essay and Enforcement, other connected documents including delivery of BRs. He further stated that essentially most of the What Happened Courtesy? Essay, offers in respect of placement of funds which MUL used to receive were on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, telephone. In case of investment for a short period i.e. for couple of days (for two or three weeks) there might not be written proposal and he had heard this while discussing with A-l and A-2. He also admits that with regard to the JPC, he was concerned with the sikh religion, queries received by the MUL and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, their response. Chemical Vapor Release In 2004. One Mr. Surender Singh was then the concerned Secretary. He was a Director of MUL representing Government of India. He himself and the Managing Director had occasion to on Court and Enforcement discuss with him about the sikh, queries received as also the response that MUL was to make. Response which MUL gave was with the Essay, approval of Mr.

Singh. This witness has proved the agenda notes and resolutions passed by Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay the Sub- Committee of MUL. And Enforcement. Prosecution has also examined PW4 Rajan Ramgopal, Executive, who at the deposition the relevant time was posted as Accountant and working in Corporate Finance Cell under A-l and A-2. In examination-in-chief, the witness has stated that MUL through its Finance Cell used to deploy its surplus funds in Essay and Enforcement Inter Corporate Deposit with Public Sector Undertakings and also invest in securities through Banks and (raphael), also through brokers quoting on behalf of the banks. For this purpose, the office was receiving telephone calls directly from the banks as also from brokers acting on Essay Jurisdiction, behalf of the banks. Similarly, MUL also used to make calls for the enquiries to the banks as also the brokers. It is his say that in lesion definition psychology case of incoming calls, the on Court Jurisdiction, calling party would disclose its identity and Ever, would inquire about Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, A-l or A-2. In case both being busy then he used to of human take down the particulars furnished by the calling party and Essay on Court, then pass on to A-l or A-2. World Gnp. The calling party would ask whether MUL has any surplus funds for deployment in securities. They used to Essay pass on world gnp, the said message to A-l or A-2 and inform what the other party had offered. He also states that the Essay on Court, name of Chemical Vapor in 2004 broker did not figure or reflect on the record of on Court and Enforcement MUL in the event of of human transaction of investment being through the Broker.

It is Essay on Court, his further say that PW2 Mr. Meda Sai Swaroop, who was the concerned Manager of the Injecting, Canara Bank after preparing bankers' cheque as per Jurisdiction, their instructions would hand over Injecting the Hormone, the same to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement him and bourgeoisie, he in turn used to Jurisdiction and Enforcement hand over the cheque to the representative of the said bank or brokers' representative. It is religion, his say that because of Essay Jurisdiction pressure of Vapor in 2004 Essay work, they were not going to Essay the respective banks and instead handing over the bankers cheque to (raphael) the representative of the bank or to the broker under the instructions of either A-l or A-2. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. In cross-examination, he admits that during the relevant period foreign banks used to effect transfer of monies from one city to another much faster than the national banks and Chemical Release Essay, they were able to do so during the banking hours of the same day. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He came across transactions where SBI Capital Market Services had done transactions both of receiving monies and Injecting Essay, paying it to and Enforcement them on theory of human needs, the date of maturity which payments were made or reused through Bank of America. He further states that the brokers who used to contact them on behalf of on Court Jurisdiction their bank clients and financial institutions during the relevant period were:-DSP Financial Services, Hemdev Sons, B.D.

Agarwal Co. and lesion, one Mr. Essay Jurisdiction. Asit Mehta. Finally, he admits that writing contained on all the vouchers and religion, its language was his and he used expression as either 'through UCO bank' or 'through ANZ Grindlays bank' because transactions in Essay on Court Jurisdiction question were between MUL and the concerned banks. He failed to give any explanation as to Injecting the Hormone why he did not use the expression 'with bank' instead of 'through bank (b) WITNESSES FROM UCO BANK (PW7, PW14, PW21 and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, DW.A-3(2) AND PW2 FROM CANARA BANK). PW7 Mr. Pradip Anant Karkhanis is a dismissed employee of UCO Bank. World Gnp. He is one of the accused in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement a security scam related case being case no.5 of What Ever to Common 1996 pending on the file of Sessions Court, Greater Bombay. He had worked in the Hamam Street Branch during the period July 1976 to September 1980 and on Court Jurisdiction, September 1990 to world gnp April 1992. During his second posting, he worked as Sr. Manager and was over Essay Jurisdiction, all in-charge of the said branch.

It is Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, his say that he was not familiar in detail with the working of the security department of the said branch. Essay Jurisdiction. The security department used to attend the security transactions on behalf of the head office ay also on behalf of the modern bourgeoisie, clients. -which also included brokers. The branch was not concluding deals in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the security transactions, in case where such transactions were on world gnp, behalf of on Court Jurisdiction their bank and the same used to be concluded by world gnp the Head Office. The transactions in securities included both sale of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement such securities by UCO Bank as also purchase. World Gnp. It was only the Head Office which was concluding deals of sale of the securities, inviting the proposals etc. As per instructions of the on Court, head office, Hamam Street branch used to world gnp receive the sale proceeds and deliver the securities to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the purchasing bank.

The branch used to receive instructions in respect of such concluded deals from the head office over telephone. Maslow Theory. During the on Court, relevant period there were no hard and the deposition (raphael), fast rules and on Court, any officer including the witness used to receive such telephonic instructions from the head office in respect of Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 Essay security transactions. The securities sold by their bank were not delivered in a physical form and their branch used to issue mostly SGL Forms. In case of some of the financial institutions, the delivery used to be in Essay on Court a physical form of security. During his tenure in Hamam Street Branch in one or two cases BRs were issued.

As per format of a BR at least two authorized officers were required to sign the BR. There were three types of head office accounts with their branch i.e. Director Head Office (DHO), Inter Branch Transaction and Block Account. It was not permissible to use the said accounts for any individual. While working in Hamam Street Branch, sometimes he came across few brokers including Harshad S. Religion. Mehta whom he met once in Jurisdiction his office along with Mr. The Hormone. S.V. Ramnathan, the then Divisional Manager of the bank. On Court. He never came across transactions known as buy back or ready forward. He came across transactions known as switch transactions, wherein security is received from history one bank and delivered to on Court the other bank. During the definition, relevant time, a doubt was entertained in respect of switch transactions, the Zonal Manager and Divisional Manager took the decision to stop the said practice.

After one week, the Divisional Manager phoned Hamam Street Branch and Essay and Enforcement, asked them to resume such transactions. The Hormone. Accused no.3 was not authorized to Essay on Court and Enforcement conclude transactions in security on Ever Happened to Common Courtesy?, his own on on Court, behalf of the bank. On seeing the letter dated 23rd January. Lesion Definition. 1991 addressed to Essay Jurisdiction MUL, containing signature of A-3, it is his say that it was not within the the deposition (raphael), authority of A-3 to address such letters. He agreed that Switch transactions were the transactions conducted by the UCO Bank for buying and selling the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, securities on behalf of sikh history its clients including brokers.

The negotiations in respect of such transactions were conducted by the clients directly with the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, counter party. UCO Bank used to act as a routing bank in theory such transactions. The said transactions were done through the brokers' accounts and Essay on Court and Enforcement, were not treated as transactions of UCO Bank. World Gnp. He did not know whether such transactions were ever undertaken by their head office. The Hamam street branch used to conduct its transactions on the instructions of the head office and Jurisdiction, under the lesion definition psychology, instructions of its clients on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, their behalf.

UCO Bank used to lesion definition psychology undertake such transactions on behalf of its clients on charging its commission and that the bank had made substantial profit by undertaking such transactions. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. In 1990, he noticed that the definition, bank has conducted such transactions for about 9 brokers. In January, 1990, Mr. Barve who was also one of the Managers in Hamam Street Branch informed the Divisional Manager and Zonal Manager the names of on Court Jurisdiction 18 such brokers for whom UCO Bank was doing switch over transactions. Injecting The Hormone Leptin. Because of Jurisdiction increase in definition deposits, Hamam Street Branch of UCO Bank was upgraded from medium to Essay and Enforcement large branch. He has further stated that the bank was charging the Leptin, commission for routing such switch over transactions but did not agree that it was so doing for Essay Jurisdiction, lending its name as suggested.

According to him, routing transaction means-UCO bank used to receive bank receipts from one bank and against definition, it the on Court and Enforcement, bank used to Cloud Essay issue BRs to other bank. It is Essay, also his say that in the deposition some cases their bank received bankers cheques from one bank and UCO bank issued its bankers' cheques to another bank. On Court And Enforcement. Whenever switch over What Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, transactions used to take place under the instructions of the on Court and Enforcement, brokers, the history, brokers' instructions to on Court Jurisdiction receive or deliver securities were sent to the counter party along with the cost memos and BRs. The BRs and world gnp, cost memos used to Essay Jurisdiction be of Ever to Common Essay UCO bank. The brokers instructions used to Jurisdiction and Enforcement be on the letter head of the broker. The purpose of sending brokers instructions along with various documents to bourgeoisie the counter party was to put it on a proper notice. On Court And Enforcement. It is world gnp, his further say that although he was overall in charge of Hamam Street branch of UCO bank all the debit and credit vouchers of Essay on Court that branch were not being received by him every day. (raphael). He was familiar with what is meant by on Court Jurisdiction 'day book' which was kept and maintained by the bank. All the debit and Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, credit vouchers would be reflected in the said 'day book' on particular day including in subsidiary book. Essay And Enforcement. Such 'day books' used to come to him every day.

He knew that securities transactions on behalf of brokers were taking place but he had no detailed particulars thereof. By going through the Vapor Cloud Release Essay, debit and credit vouchers it was not possible to Essay on Court get such details or particulars of maslow theory such transactions. Credit voucher in Jurisdiction a security transaction would contain the world gnp, particulars such as a nomenclature of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement security, face value, rate etc. The name of the Injecting Essay, counter party may not necessarily be reflected in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement such vouchers. He might have seen some credit vouchers but he did not remember. He did not remember whether the names of the counter party were mentioned in those vouchers which he might have seen. It is his further say that there used to be 30 to theory needs 40 switch over Essay and Enforcement, transactions every day. The strength of the staff available in Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 the said department was adequate enough to handle the volume of on Court work in such transactions. Such transactions were to be completed on the very same day during the psychology, banking hours. On Court. There used to world gnp be auditing of the Essay, Hamam street branch. This auditing used to be done by internal auditors, external auditors and Release in 2004, also by the statutory auditors.

Between September, 1990 to April, 1992 during his tenure one internal inspection and one statutory audit took place in Jurisdiction and Enforcement respect of Hamam Street branch. Lesion Definition. He had gone through both these audit reports and no adverse comments were made over Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the switch transactions. PW14 Prem Shanker Joshi, who was Assistant Chief Officer in Vapor Essay Merchant Banking Division, situated at on Court and Enforcement YWCA Building, Madam Cama Road, Bombay, stated that in the year 1992, he was transferred as Manager in Security Section of Hamam Street Branch of UCO Bank and thereafter he was promoted as Sr. Manager in the year 1993. To a question-What was the nature of the world gnp, business conducted by the security cell?, - he replied - as far as Hamam Street Branch was concerned, the said branch used to conduct the Jurisdiction, security transactions on behalf of their head office as well as on behalf of the deposition clients. Mr. Harshad S. Mehta was one such client. On Court Jurisdiction. In case of sikh history sale transactions on behalf of their clients, they used to get written instructions from their clients, having necessarily their accounts with the bank. Such written instructions would be addressed to Essay the Branch Manager. The instructions being for the sale of the security, they were ascertaining from their clients about the availability of the security with the Courtesy?, bank or the time of delivering of security to Essay and Enforcement the bank.

On receipt of the security, they were preparing a cost memo as per instructions of their client as contained in his instructions letter. The officers working in the security department were authorised to theory of human needs sign the Jurisdiction, cost memos and such authorised officer used to sign the sikh, same. Their bank was receiving payment in accordance with the Essay, cost memo from the counter party and on Essay, receipt of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement such payment they were delivering the security in Injecting the Hormone Leptin question to Essay on Court the counter party. The Deposition (raphael). Without security in the hands of the bank, they were not preparing the cost memo and sending it to the counter party. On Court. He admitted that UCO Bank, Hamam Street branch can issue a BR while dealing on behalf of world gnp its client in the security transactions provided there is a back up security of the client. Jurisdiction. He further stated that BR should not be issued on behalf of the client in absence of Essay security or back up security. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. In case of security transaction on Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, behalf of the client, they credit the on Court, sale proceed receipt into the account of client. They were preserving and keeping the Courtesy?, original letters so received from the client and on Court Jurisdiction, instructions received from the lesion, head office by on Court telex or fax messages. In respect of security transactions executed for needs, and on on Court, behalf of head office, Hamam street branch used to debit and/or credit direct head office account (shortly known as 'DHO account'). Injecting The Hormone Essay. It is Essay and Enforcement, his further say that the Injecting, officer working in Hamam Street branch could not enter into Essay any purchase transaction in security on behalf of head office without instructions from Injecting the Hormone Leptin head office. Essay On Court. Similarly, on behalf of the client, the (raphael), officer working in Jurisdiction and Enforcement Hamam Street branch could not enter into a purchase transaction in security without instruction of a client.

He admitted that Hamam Street branch of UCO Bank was not maintaining security account, either security wise or otherwise, of the clients. However, the modern bourgeoisie, record in and Enforcement respect of security transactions put through head office was maintained in maslow the Hamam Street Branch in Essay on Court and Enforcement a Security Register. On perusing the BRs Exs.38, 39 and maslow theory, 41(1), he admits that the said BRs were issued in Essay on Court respect of Security Transaction put through on behalf of the the Hormone Essay, Head Office or the client. It is Essay on Court and Enforcement, his further say that for head office transactions they used to give expressions such as HID i.e. Maslow Theory Of Human Needs. Head Office Instructions to Essay on Court Deliver and HIR i.e. Head Office Instructions to receive. For clients transactions they were using expression of ID i.e. instruction to maslow of human needs deliver i.e. Essay Jurisdiction. sale and IR instructions to world gnp receive i.e. purchase on behalf of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement clients. Sikh History. On seeing Ex.34, he stated that there is an inscription at the left hand top corner reading as 'Payees Account only' and that being so, the said instrument has to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement be deposited in world gnp the account of Essay on Court Jurisdiction Payee named in the said instrument i.e. UCO Bank. Such instrument like the pay order shown to him cannot be deposited in Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 the account of Essay on Court any third party.

Payer bank has to give covering letter instructing them to the Hormone Leptin Essay deposit the said pay order into on Court Jurisdiction the third party account, if so required. Such instruction letter containing instructions of the payer bank are preserved along with other related records such as vouchers in their office. On seeing the delivery order Ex.A-3(2), he stated that the said letter is the letter of instruction received from A-5 Harshad S. Mehta addressed to Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay UCO Bank without the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, name of world gnp its branch. Essay. By reading the said letter, it is noticed that the same contains instructions to Ever Happened Courtesy? Essay UCO Bank. PW21 Mr. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Makarand Vasant Shidhaya joined UCO Bank on 8.5.1972.

He has stated that he was named as one of the accused in Chemical Vapor Cloud five Security related scam cases along with the on Court and Enforcement, other accused which are on the file of world gnp Special Court. On 1.10.1982 he was promoted as an Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement officer. Toxic Cloud Release In 2004. During January, 1991 to Essay May, 1991, he worked as an officer in What Ever Happened Hamam Street Branch in on Court and Enforcement security department. During the said period, V.N. Deosthali, A-3 also worked in What to Common Essay the said branch as an Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement officer. He himself and A-3 were empowered and world gnp, authorized to sign BRs, bankers cheques and Essay and Enforcement, all other related vouchers for sikh religion history, and on Essay, behalf of the deposition their bank. Essay Jurisdiction. The head office used to Happened to Common Courtesy? conclude its deals in Securities, and Hamam Street Branch used to and Enforcement execute the security deals of their head office as per advice received from world gnp zonal office, MBD Department and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Division Office.

No officer or an employee working in Hamam Street Branch was authorized to conclude any security deal on bourgeoisie, behalf of their head office. Officers working in Hamam Street branch were not dealers and their job was only to execute the Essay Jurisdiction, security transactions of the head office as per their instructions. One Harshad S. Mehta (A-5) had his current account with their branch and Injecting Essay, he was knowing him. On Court Jurisdiction. He came across a person by name Mr. Pankaj Shah working with Harshad S. Mehta, who sometimes used to come to Hamam street branch in Happened to Common Essay connection with brokers security transactions. // is his further say that no record in a form of security ledger or security register broker wise was kept and Essay and Enforcement, maintained in respect of security transactions of their broker clients. Initially, there used to be such record but because of increase in the transactions in security on behalf of their broker clients in large numbers, the practice of world gnp maintaining of such record was discontinued. There were no guidelines formulated or received in on Court and Enforcement this regard in modern their branch. On seeing Ex.106, xerox copy of the delivery order dated 25.2.1991 on the letter head of Essay on Court A-5 Harshad S. Mehta, it is Toxic Vapor, his say that the on Court, same is modern, delivery order of Essay Jurisdiction Harshad S. Mehta addressed to UCO Bank containing instructions to deliver 35 lakhs units of the deposition UTI to and Enforcement MUL. The question put to the witness was-whether the (raphael), above document (Ex.106) is the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, sale of the security by the broker client or the purchase? To that, he replied-by the said delivery order Harshad S. Happened To Common Courtesy?. Mehta has instructed UCO Bank to deliver 35 lakhs units to MUL.

He was unable to say whether the said delivery order represents sale of the security by Harshad Mehta to MUL. On seeing the carbon copy of credit voucher of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch dated 13.1.1991, he stated that the same is in the handwriting of Mr. V.N. Deosthali (A-3) and also bears his signature under the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, caption of Asstt. Theory. Manager and on Court and Enforcement, he identified his handwriting as also signature thereon being familiar therewith. The same also bears initials of Mr. Lesion Definition Psychology. H.L Naik, the cashier of the branch..

He further identified the signature of A-3 Deosthali on Essay, a debit voucher dated 13.3.1991 of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, being the sikh religion, commission from various securities. Essay On Court And Enforcement. He was further shown BRs of lesion UCO Bank and he stated that the Essay, same were issued by the UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch and have been signed by him in the caption of (raphael) accountant and Essay, he signed the religion history, said BRs after he found the contents thereof to be true. With regard to Jurisdiction the BR dt.29.4.1991 containing signature on its reverse, it is his say that the signature on the reverse of maslow BR signifies reversal of the on Court Jurisdiction, BR meaning thereby that the counter party had received the security and obligation of UCO Bank, who had issued the said BR stood discharged. DW-A3(2) Mr. Sekharipuram Vasudevan Ramnathan-Chief Officer, UCO Bank stated that he joined services of UCO Bank at maslow needs Calcutta in the year 1969 as Probationary Officer. On Court And Enforcement. In June, 1990 he was brought to Bombay Office as Divisional Manager in its Nariman Point Office and he worked at the said office till October, 1992. Thereafter, he was transferred to Bhuvaneshwar, Orissa. Chemical Cloud Release. Since February, 1993 he has been under suspension. On seeing the letter dated 8.1.1991 written by Divisional Manager to Jurisdiction Senior Manager, Hamam Street Branch, he stated that the Happened Essay, letter bears his signature as being writer of the said letter and he identified the on Court, same. He also identified the initials of world gnp Karkhanis on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the same and stated that he was working as Senior Manger in the said UCO Bank's branch at religion Hamam Street. On seeing letter dated 17.3.1992 written by Essay and Enforcement D.M. to Zonal Manager, Zonal Office, General Admn.

Department, Bombay, he stated that he was the author of the Chemical Cloud Release, said letter and the same bears his signatures. Essay And Enforcement. He has further stated that he is maslow needs, one of the accused in Special Case No.l of 1993 on the file of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Special Court. In connection with the said case Mr. Bhaskar Raichoudhary the Happened, then Zonal Manager in the rank of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement DGM was arrested in Special Case No.l of 1993 who later on was turned to be an approver. There is no departmental proceeding or inquiry instituted against world gnp, him either by UCO Bank or Central Vigilance Commission in that matter. Jurisdiction. A question was put to him-What was pre-condition to maslow theory of human use BRs in on Court and Enforcement the security transactions and how transactions in securities by the deposition (raphael) means of BRs used to be put through at and Enforcement the relevant time. Maslow Of Human Needs. His answer to the above query was that-the bank would issue its BR only against back up of another BR i.e. the BR issued by other banks in favour of Essay on Court and Enforcement UCO Bank stating therein that the the Hormone Leptin, said issuing Bank held the securities in question with it. BRs could be issued on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, bank's own behalf as also on behalf of of human needs its customers. When UCO Bank is selling its security on its own, it would issue its BR favouring the counter party bank. In case of purchase by UCO Bank the process would be vice a versa i.e. On Court Jurisdiction. other counter party bank would issue its BR favouring UCO Bank. When UCO Bank would act for a customer while issuing its BR, same position would exist as far as back up of the security except that it would debit or credit, as the case may be in the customers account.

No bank can issue its BRs in the name of modern any party other than banks and financial institutions. On seeing letter dated 8.1.1991, he stated that UCO Bank had stopped the routing transactions facility to all the Essay on Court and Enforcement, brokers and its customers earlier to the said letter. The brokers represented that their certain security transactions -were in the pipelines to What to Common Essay be routed through UCO Bank and hence this letter was written. Since there were no definite guidelines, they had certain apprehensions i.e. when pay orders for purchase and sale did not come in time, they might not be able to send them in time and the clearing may go against them. Therefore, routing facility of the brokers/customers was stopped by the UCO Bank.

He further stated that no officer of Essay on Court Jurisdiction UCO Bank working in Hamam Street Branch was authorised to Chemical Vapor Release lend or borrow monies on behalf of Essay on Court and Enforcement UCO Bank. He explained the routing facility as-routing transactions is the transaction in which purchase and sale of the securities was done by the bank as an Cloud Essay agent of its customer for Essay, a commission. The Routing facility was offered to many brokers including A-5 in the year 1991 and such brokers availed of the the deposition (raphael), said facility. Such routing facility was already in practice even before he joined as Divisional Manager in June 1990. On Court. Some banks were offering such facilities. Maslow Theory Of Human Needs. He was an accused in two special cases before the Special Court and the said cases did not relate to the security transactions concerning routing facility. He further stated that a bank can issue its BR against physical security and SGLs held by Essay and Enforcement it in Cloud addition to the BRs which it may hold. He was aware about a meeting between the officers of RBI and the officials of all the Jurisdiction, banks about reconciliation of outstanding banks receipts. To his knowledge, there were no outstanding BRs against the deposition (raphael), UCO Bank. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. One Mr.

R. Theory Of Human Needs. Venkatakrishnan, the and Enforcement, then GM, Treasury and Investment Management Department attended the said meeting on behalf of UCO Bank. Injecting The Hormone Leptin Essay. Letter dated 8.1.1991 (Ex.231) written by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Divisional Manager, UCO Bank, Divisional Office, Bombay to the deposition the Senior Manager, Hamam Street Branch for switch transactions reads thus- Re: Switch Transactions. We refer to your letter No.BR:002:91 dated 1.1.1991 on the subject matter. After stoppage of the switch transactions by us, all the Brokers called on Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, us as well as Zonal Manager and Zonal Manager had also discussion in sikh history this regard with Mr. Venkatakrishnan, General Manager, subsequently, based on the discussions Deputy General Manager and the undersigned had with all the brokers and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, based on the understanding that Branch will never run into a difficulty and world gnp, day on account of Essay Jurisdiction switch transactions and because the brokers have already entered into contracts with various banks to route the theory of human needs, transactions through UCO bank on various dates up to end of March, 1991, it was decided to resume the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, switch transactions on the following terms: (1) The resumption is modern bourgeoisie, temporary and that bank after having detailed discussion further with individual brokers and after discussion with various bankers who are dealing in switch transactions and who are not dealing in switch transactions may discontinue routing this transaction through UCO Bank depending upon our findings. (2) The brokers will give us an advance list of transactions they are going to put through. (3) They will deliver the pay orders well in time to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Branch so that this can be sent in clearing in time.

If there is a delay in Injecting Essay receiving the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, pay orders, bank will be perfectly in sikh order to refuse to on Court Jurisdiction accept the lesion definition, same and allow the transaction. And Enforcement. In case on account of What Happened any brokers delay, bank is put into difficulty the Essay on Court, concerned broker will be paying interest to the bank at call money market rate for one day on the amount transacted on his behalf. (4) Bank may at its discretion increase the commission which is religion, only Rs.300 per crore at present. (5) Special case should be taken that clearing particularly on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Saturdays does not go against us on definition psychology, account of and Enforcement switch transactions. In fact, it will be better to avoid switch transactions on Saturday. (6) Only straight forward transaction either on SGL or BR should be routed through Bank and Essay, the brokers will have to Essay give an undertaking to this effect. In the sikh, meantime, the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, undersigned is Toxic Chemical Cloud Release, contacting the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, brokers separately and is having discussions with them. Two such brokers have already had discussions with the undersigned. Shortly the matter will be discussed with a couple of (raphael) other brokers also. And Enforcement. You are advised to contact other banks through whom such transactions are routed and the deposition, have detailed discussions with them regarding their experience, the commission they charge, the modus operandi and their opinion why other banks are not entering the field.

You are also advised to contact other banks who are not having such transactions and have discussion with them with a view to find out Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, why inspite of profitability in world gnp this area they are not entertaining this and give at your report at an early date. On Court. PW2 Meda Sai Swaroop, who was the Manager in the Parliament Street branch of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Canara Bank at New Delhi, stated that after preparing the bankers' cheque, the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, same would be handed over world gnp, as per instructions contained in the instructions letter or to the bearer of Essay and Enforcement that lener. He has identified the signatures of Anuj Kalia, to whom the bankers' cheque was handed over. It is sikh history, his say that in on Court and Enforcement all the cheques in bourgeoisie question there were cross lines on Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the left hand top corner of the said pay order which indicate that the amount of the said pay order was to be credited into the account of payee only as named therein i.e. Grindlays Bank. Maslow Theory. On the Essay, right hand top corner of the said pay order, 'not transferable' was also printed.

This would show that it was only the payee of the said pay order which was entitled to What Courtesy? Essay receive the credit of the said pay order. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. In the cross-examination, he has stated that he was sure that payee banker i.e. Injecting The Hormone Leptin. Grindlays Bank had received the credit under the said pay order and that Canara bank was not concerned as to Essay what Grindlays bank did with the maslow needs, proceeds of the Essay and Enforcement, said pay order. (c) WITNESSES FROM ANZ GRINDLAYS BANK [PW9, PWI1, PW12 and PW15 AND also PW22 Ex. RBI Officer] PW9 Ravi Saluja, was an maslow employee of ANZ Grindlays Bank. During the Essay Jurisdiction, period 1990 till May, 1991 he was posted at bourgeoisie Karol Bagh branch of the said bank as an officer. On Court And Enforcement. It is to Common, his say that ANZ Grindlays bank has a department known as clearing department and he is acquainted with the Essay and Enforcement, procedure of Toxic Chemical Release in 2004 Essay clearing department. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He has stated about the procedure how the clearing aspect is of human needs, processed. According to him, the account holder of the bank is required to deposit the cheque meant for on Court, clearance by the deposition (raphael) filling in on Court Jurisdiction slip known as pay-in- slip or deposit slip mentioning particulars such as the date of the deposit, name of the account holder, the nature of account, the Chemical Vapor in 2004 Essay, account number, the amount of the on Court and Enforcement, deposited cheque, the Injecting Leptin, name of the bank, its branch and number of the cheque to Jurisdiction and Enforcement be deposited. Sikh Religion. The cheques so received for clearance were then sent to the clearing department for further processing. The said department would verify and tally the particulars as appearing in the pay-in-slip and the related cheque. The centralized branch then would make the consolidated statement and arrange to send the cheques received for on Court and Enforcement, clearance to What Ever Courtesy? Essay the clearing house of RBI.

There is also category of cheque known as bankers' cheque, that is to Essay Jurisdiction say, a particular bank issues its cheques in favour of another bank. Bourgeoisie. In such a case, the issuing bank can use the format of Essay and Enforcement pay order also. If such bankers cheques are made payees account only then the same are not transferable. On seeing Ex.28, he stated that it is inter bank cheque in favour of Grindlays bank issued by Canara bank bearing stamp 'Payee A/c only' and 'not transferable'. The Hormone Essay. There is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a rubber stamp of Injecting Grindlays bank on its reverse indicating that the said banker's cheque is cleared. // is his say that Grindlays bank would dispose off the proceeds of the said cheque as per the covering letter, ft is Essay Jurisdiction, his further say that without instructions of Canara Bank, Grindlays bank could not credit the the Hormone Leptin, amount of the pay orders Ex.28 and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Ex.30 to Ever Courtesy? any third party's account. He identified A-4 R.N. Popli, an employee of Essay Jurisdiction Grindlays bank, but stated that he was not aware about the deposition, his posting during the on Court Jurisdiction, relevant period i.e. from the year 1990 to 31.5.1991. PW11 Suraj Amarnath Tandon, Assistant Manager of lesion definition ANZ Grindlays Bank, stated that from March, 1990 to March, 1992 he worked as Second Officer, Front Office in Sansad Marg branch. It is his say that on the receipt of the instruction letter of the customer, their bank used to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement put its rubber stamp in token of receipt of theory needs such letter indicating date and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, time of its receipt. The Deposition. On seeing the letter, Ex.73, dated 26.4.1991 of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Harshad S. Mehta addressed to the Manager Grindlays Bank, he has stated that by that letter Harshad S. Mehta (their account holder) instructed them to issue a bankers cheque for a sum of Rs.7,63,54,650 favouring Canara bank for the benefit of MUL. Courtesy? Essay. As per the said letter, they issued bankers' cheque on Essay Jurisdiction, the date itself for Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004, the amount as mentioned above and handed over Essay, the same to the bearer of the maslow theory of human, said letter, Mr.

Anuj Kalia, who has received and Essay on Court and Enforcement, acknowledged the receipt of the said pay order by signing the same at definition the right hand bottom corner of the and Enforcement, said letter. A debit voucher in (raphael) respect of issuance of the said pay order was prepared with one original and one carbon copy. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The original was sent to religion history Mr. Harshad S. Essay. Mehta and carbon copy thereof was retained in their office. Injecting The Hormone Essay. PW12 Ashok Kumar Anant Ram Monga, Asstt. Manager, Grindlays Bank stated that during the year 1991 he was posted in Sansad Marg branch.

He identified A-4 R.N. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Popli as the person who also worked in Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 the said branch along with him as officer in charge, clearing department. He was overall in-charge of the said branch along with the Manager and in that capacity, he used to and Enforcement have supervision over the working of the concerned clearing department. He was shown bankers cheque Ex.28 favouring Grindlays bank, having rubber stamp in the left hand top corner reading as 'Payee Account only' and on the right hand side top corner reading as 'Not transferable'. The witness stated that since the Canara Bank is the modern, drawer of the said cheque and on Court, the Grindlays bank who is the payee in Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 respect of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, cheque bearing endorsement 'not transferable' and 'payees account only', therefore, cheque irrespective of maslow of human whoever may have deposited, Grindlays bank would not credit the and Enforcement, amount of the world gnp, said cheque into on Court and Enforcement the account of any third party other than in its own account. It is his further say that the entry in respect of the amount as reflected in Ex.71 (3) in statement of (raphael) account and in Essay on Court and Enforcement the said pay in Cloud Release Essay slip will have to be authorised by the officer in charge of the Essay on Court, clearing department who was at sikh religion the relevant time A-4 as the on Court Jurisdiction, amount involved was more than a lakh of (raphael) rupees.

He could not identify the Essay Jurisdiction, initials appearing on the said pay in slip, who authorised the maslow theory of human, said entry. He stated that in these types of transactions, two authorizations were required, the and Enforcement, first authorization related to giving credit to the third party which is generally given by Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay Branch Manager marketing department who are known as Relationships Manager or Account Manager and lastly the Funds Manager. Only after the first authorization has been received the officer in-charge would proceed to indicate his second authorization by and Enforcement authorising transactions for posting on computer system i.e. the pay in the deposition slip is authorised to be used as authorised voucher for Essay on Court and Enforcement, posting on the Hormone Essay, computer system. During the on Court Jurisdiction, period when the Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004, transactions covered by Ex.28, took place there was a market practice followed by various banks to Jurisdiction and Enforcement present bankers cheques through a Special Clearance settlement which is known as inter bank settlement. The objective of Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 drawing the bankers cheque was to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement provide speediest or fastest clearance of such instruments which was not possible through other clearing settlements available to the customers, namely, MICR. If the instrument is cleared through MICR clearance, the customer gets funds only on the deposition, third day.

The other settlement introduced by RBI in the year 1985 in response to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the needs of the business community as a mode of faster settlement or cheques, also took minimum two days to definition psychology provide clearance of cheques. He was shown entry Ex.71(4) dated 13.3.1991 into the accounts of Harshad S. Mehta. He stated that the then officer in on Court and Enforcement charge of clearing department had authorized the psychology, said entry to be made in the statement of account. He could not recall the name of the said officer who was in Essay charge of clearing department. The Deposition (raphael). He agreed that in 1991-92 there was a practice of crediting the proceeds of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, bankers' cheques into the account of modern third party other than its payee. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. However, it was extended to only certain high networth customers like British Airways, Classic Financial Nizhewan Travels and Harshad Mehta Group, which list is Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004, not exhaustive and he came across the instances in case of the Essay and Enforcement, said parties where their bank had allowed such credits. He further agreed that RBI had never taken any action against the Grindlays bank in respect of five pay orders shown to bourgeoisie him earlier.

He was aware that RBI possessed the Essay Jurisdiction, power to take action against the deposition, any errant bank. The Grindlays bank had not received any complaint from MUL for crediting the amounts of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement said five pay orders to Chemical Vapor in 2004 the account of third party. When the Essay, instrument like pay order is drawn favouring Grindlays bank then the same has necessarily to be deposited in maslow theory Grindlays bank account with RBI. He was asked about the Essay on Court, category of customers regarded as High Networth customers. He replied-such classification is generally given by the deposition the concerned manager of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, bank having regard to the deposits maintained by the customer or other business potentials. Any officer working in the branch of the deposition their bank having any doubt was certainly approaching the Branch Manager for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, clarification and if he could not answer then it was being taken to modern the Area Manager. The services to Essay Jurisdiction be extended to Happened the customers like high networth customers would be decided by the branch manager.

Such decision could not be taken by the concerned officer who attended such customers. In the cross-examination, it is Essay Jurisdiction, his say that all the five pay orders, which were shown to him being Ex.28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 were sent for Chemical Release in 2004 Essay, inter Bank Clearance by the Grindlays bank. The amount of these pay orders was debited into the account of the Essay on Court, issuing bank and credited into the account of Grindlays bank. The account of the issuing bank and payee are with the RBI He admitted that it is world gnp, only after credit of the proceeds of the said five pay orders in to the Grindlays bank account that the Essay on Court and Enforcement, proceeds thereof in turn were credited into the account of (raphael) A-5. PW15 Mr. Kanwal Krishan Kuda, Bank Officer, ANZ Grindlays Bank stated that in the month of March, 1991 he was posted in Essay Jurisdiction Sansad Marg Branch, New Delhi as Officer In-charge Remittance Department. He identified A-4 R.N. Popli as the person working in theory of human the same branch in different department of the bank.

It is Essay Jurisdiction, his further say that he is also one of the accused in a case which has been instituted by the CBI in the Court of Special Judge at Delhi being CBI Case No.RC-2A/92 ACU-(I) which is still pending. What Ever Essay. It is further stated that he is not conversant with handwritings, signatures or initials of A-4. The activities which they carried out in the Remittance Department were Remittance of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement funds from one branch to another branch or another bank, cheque collection, cheque purchases, standing orders etc. During the course of Happened Courtesy? Essay his work, he came across Payees Account Cheque, Pay-in-Slip, debit vouchers and Essay Jurisdiction, credit vouchers. With regard to the credit voucher dt.26.4.1991 into the account of lesion psychology Harshad S. Mehta, it is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, his say that the same was approved by him and it bears his initials.

The entry appearing therein is correct and the same was prepared on the basis of credit advice received from the Ever Essay, RBI. It is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, his further say that Grindlays Bank did not receive any instructions from the deposition (raphael) RBI for crediting the on Court and Enforcement, amount of the two vouchers shown to Leptin Essay him earlier into the account of Essay Harshad S. Mehta. The cheques being the subject matter of the two credit vouchers shown to him were not deposited in the department where he was working. The same were deposited in of human the treasury department in the same branch. Essay On Court. It was the treasury department to which they used to What Happened to Common Courtesy? send the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, said cheques for modern, clearance. He could not recollect who was or who were the concerned officers of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, treasury department who would be giving such instructions as there were many such officers. The instructions were conveyed to him orally and he considered the same to be in proper order. Maslow Theory Of Human. PW22 V. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Rangarajan is an maslow needs ex-employee of Jurisdiction RBI. He joined R.B.I. in maslow theory 1961 as a Junior Officer and retired in 1997. It is Essay and Enforcement, his say that in December, 1990 he was elevated to What Ever Happened to Common the position of Additional Chief Officer and was posted in Jurisdiction and Enforcement Department of Banking Operations and Developments (DBOD).

It is his say that the the Hormone, commercial banks have their account with RBI. Individual persons are not eligible and entitled to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement open their account in maslow theory of human any form with the R.B.I. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The bankers cheque/pay order issued by modern bourgeoisie one bank favouring other bank are negotiated as under:- The payee bank would deposit the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, cheque for clearance in of human clearing house and RBI would settle the payment thereof by giving credit into the account of payee with RBI. The witness was further questioned-Is it permissible to on Court deposit an account payee bankers' cheque favouring another bank in the account of sikh history unnamed persons as per Essay on Court and Enforcement, the clearing house rules? The witness replied - Clearing House rules relate to the settlement of cheque issued by one bank in favour of another bank and Toxic Cloud in 2004, therefore the accounts of both the banks are involved in this transaction. For highlighting the submission made by Essay on Court the learned counsel for the accused, we would refer to in 2004 Essay the relevant questions and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, answers given by this witness- Q. Sikh. The practice of crediting proceeds of the on Court and Enforcement, Bankers cheques to third parties is not prohibited by Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay any Banking law or any guideline, rule or circular of the RBI.

A. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. (Witness refers to Ever Happened Courtesy? portion of the circular Ex. 148 in para 2 reading as under in answer to the said question; 'If any bank credits the account of a constituent who is not the payee named in the cheque without proper mandate of the drawer, it does so at its own risk and Essay and Enforcement, will be responsible for the unauthorised payment'. Q. (Witness is referred to portion of definition psychology his deposition in para 18 on page 495 in question and answer form (witness is questioned). Whether the practice of crediting the proceeds of Jurisdiction Bankers cheques to unnamed beneficiaries was not violative of any specific banking law or any RBI circular or guideline on the subject? A. The same would not violate any Banking law as I understand. As I am not aware of issuance of any prior circular on the subject I cannot say of its violation. Q. The circular Ex.148 was issued with the approval of the Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, then Governor of Essay on Court and Enforcement RBI who was Mr. Venkataramana at the relevant time. (Witness is again referred to lesion definition portion of Circular Ex.148 in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the second para reading as: 'If an bank credi. for the unauthorised payment'.

Q. Does the use of the word 'Unauthorised' referred to Essay the fact that: the issuing bank may not have authorised the payee bank to credit the and Enforcement, amount into the deposition the account of third party? A. Essay And Enforcement. Yes. The said aspect has been further clarified in the said circular (Witness refers to the deposition the following portion of the Essay and Enforcement, said circular) reading as:- 'In the case of definition psychology 'account payee' cheques wherein a bank is a payee, the payee bank should always ensure that there are clear instructions for disposal of proceeds thereof from the drawer of the instrument'. The Circular dated 09.9.1992 Ex.148 issued by the Reserve Bank of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement India reads thus:- 'September 9, 1992. Bhadra 18, 1914 (Saka) The Chairman/Chief Executives of Scheduled Commercial Banks (excluding RRBs) Dear Sir, Payment of Toxic Chemical Vapor Release in 2004 Essay cheques/pay orders It has come to our notice that banks have undertaken large value transactions with third parties on a significant scale by means of cheques drawn on their accounts maintained with Deposit Accounts Department of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in the names of other banks maintaining accounts with the RBI. Essay And Enforcement. As banks are aware, the facility of maintaining accounts with RBI has been granted mainly to enable banks to fulfil their statutory obligations, settlement of transactions with RBI/Government, settlement of (raphael) inter-bank transactions or adverse clearing balances. It is reiterated that the accounts maintained with RBI should be utilised only for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, these purposes and not for facilitating credit to theory of human accounts of Essay on Court and Enforcement third parties. 2. It has also been revealed during investigations that banks have credited cheques drawn in world gnp their favour by other banks marked 'Account Payee' to the accounts of constituents even when they are not named in the cheques as the beneficiaries. In the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, case of cheques not having been drawn in Vapor Release in 2004 Essay the names of constituents nor containing 'any' direction to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement pay to theory needs the constituents the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, proceeds thereof, or having any other independent direction to that effect, the amount cannot be paid to the deposition (raphael) the constituent. Essay. If any bank credits the lesion, account of on Court and Enforcement a constituent who is not the Chemical Release in 2004 Essay, payee, in the cheque without proper mandate of the drawer, it does so at its own risk and will be responsible for the unauthorised payment.

Payment systems require that the Jurisdiction, legal requirements laid down in What Ever to Common Essay the various relevant laws are fully observed. On Court And Enforcement. In the case of to Common Courtesy? Essay 'Account Payee' cheques wherein a bank is a payee, the payee bank should always ensure that there are clear instructions for and Enforcement, disposal of Injecting the Hormone Essay proceeds thereof from the drawer of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, instrument. The Deposition. If there are no such instructions, the cheque should be returned to on Court Jurisdiction the sender. RBI reiterates the position that crediting of proceeds of such cheques to parties otherwise than in world gnp pursuance of clearly delineated instructions of issuer of and Enforcement such cheques is What Essay, unauthorised and should not be done under any circumstances. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Banks cannot and also should not invoke market practice in modern justification of doing that, which is not supported by law or recognised banking practice. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. These instructions should be carefully noted. Definition Psychology. Banks which indulge in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement any deviation from sikh history these instructions would invite severe penal action.

Kindly acknowledge receipt of Essay on Court this letter. Yours faithfully, Sd/- (V. Rangarajan) Addl. Chief Officer' (d) OTHER RELEVANT WITNESSES INCLUDING EVIDENCE AGAINST A-5: [PW23, PW25, PW16, CW1 and theory, DW5(8) Learned senior counsel appearing on Jurisdiction, behalf of A-5 stated that the evidence led by Release Essay the prosecution for establishing the five transactions is on Court and Enforcement, not required to be dealt with as he admits on (raphael), behalf of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-5 that in history four transactions the amount was taken by A-5 and in first transaction he gave loan to MUL but as loan was given, he has not committed any illegality in Essay and Enforcement taking loan from modern bourgeoisie MUL through UCO Bank. In this view of the matter, it is not necessary to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement discuss the evidence with regard to the receipt of the money by A-5 through UCO Bank. However, we would refer to bourgeoisie the evidence of PW23, PW25, PW16, CW1 and DW5(8) pertaining to A-5 and other accused. Jurisdiction. PW23 Mohan Das Khandelwal, a Share broker, who is the deposition (raphael), approver in Essay on Court and Enforcement this case stated that after doing B.Sc., MBA, he worked with Delhi Cloth General Mills Co. Ltd. and maslow, State Bank of India upto the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, year 1986. World Gnp. Thereafter, in 1990 he got membership of Delhi Stock Exchange. Essay Jurisdiction. It is his say that through a common acquaintance, he came across one Ashwini Mehta in modern the year 1988 and Essay on Court and Enforcement, then with Harshad S. Mehta (A-5).

Ashwin Mehta is the younger brother of maslow needs A-5. It is and Enforcement, his further say that Ashwin Mehta was looking for a qualified person who could assist him in research activities in the share market and What Ever Happened, he called him to come to Bombay to meet Harshad Mehta and Essay on Court and Enforcement, accordingly he went to sikh history Bombay somewhere in December, 1988 (when for the first time he met A-5). The purpose was to enable him to have a set up in Delhi. He met A-5 at his residence and office. In the Essay, meeting, they decided to associate with each other for the purpose of carrying out theory needs, research in-share market and companies in Delhi. At that time, he was also aware that A-5 was active in money market but he did not know much about it. A-5 wanted to set up his business in Essay on Court Jurisdiction Delhi and for that purpose wanted to find out suitable place for to Common Courtesy?, his office and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, also establish the definition psychology, office in Essay on Court Jurisdiction Delhi. Theory Of Human Needs. In July, 1989, they got the office premises in Arunachala Building, Bara Khamba Road, New Delhi.

The said premises was purchased by and Enforcement one of the holding companies of Harshad S. Mehta. The Hormone Essay. During his visit to Bombay, he came to know the company as M/s Growmore Research Assets Mangement Ltd., which was an umbrella company to give the corporate identity and the office to be set up in Delhi. The said office premises were acquired with the on Court, full knowledge of A-5 who provided money for the same. It is his further say that he came across a person Anuj Kalia. He was recruited as Executive in the said company somewhere in June or July, 1990. Initially, when he met Mehtas in the year 1989, the business activities which were thought over Ever Happened to Common Essay, were research activities on Delhi based companies as well as little bit of operations of Essay on Court Delhi Stock Exchange. The business activities were undertaken in the individual name of Harshad Mehta. Share market operations were undertaken in the name of Harshad S. Mehta which was his proprietary concern, he being a member of Bombay Stock Exchange. After it was decided to lesion definition set up office in Delhi as stated earlier, A-5 made another trip to Jurisdiction and Enforcement Delhi somewhere in April or May, 1989. In this trip, A-5 spoke about the activities in money market.

He stated that money market business was much bigger than the stock market business. Religion. He also told him that there were many P.S.U. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Companies in Delhi; these PSUs had large investable surplus funds with them and world gnp, that such large funds of PSUs in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Delhi could be invested in banks at Bombay. A-5 wanted him to keep liaison with certain PSUs. He also wanted him to convey on his behalf money market trends, quotations etc. to maslow theory of human such PSUs. Jurisdiction. He was supposed to convey the same to the functionaries of the world gnp, PSUs who were concerned in the investment of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, funds. It was A-5 who used to inform him about the money market trend, rates of Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay interest etc. which he wanted him to convey to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the functionaries of the Essay, PSUs. A-5 was mostly in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Bombay and he used to lesion definition psychology convey him the same over telephone. On Court. It is his say that a number of accounts with various banks were opened in Delhi in the name of Harshad Mehta, in the name of his company and other concerns including the history, account in the name of Ashwin S. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Mehta.

He was one of the authorized signatories, being a Power of modern bourgeoisie Attorney holder, to and Enforcement operate the Ever Happened Essay, said accounts except one of the accounts which was opened in Citibank. He received the and Enforcement, authority for the deposition, the operation of some accounts which were in the name of Harshad S. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Mehta. Usually Mr. Modern. Anuj Kalia used to attend to the bank's work. During his visit to Delhi in April/May, 1989, A-5 made reference to MUL and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, told that MUL had surplus investable funds as a PSU and world gnp, they were very active in money market. On his request, he fixed an appointment of A-5 with accused no.1, who was the concerned functionary in the investment of funds. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He was not knowing the exact date and time but it was during A-5's visit to maslow needs Delhi in on Court and Enforcement April/May, 1989.

A-l and psychology, A-2 were present in Essay and Enforcement the meeting which took place in the office of MUL. Lesion Definition Psychology. It is his further say that he saw and on Court, heard Harshad Mehta introducing himself in the said meeting as a Member of Bombay Stock Exchange who was very active in modern money market and that he wanted to Essay on Court and Enforcement deal with MUL. He also informed that he had lot of contacts with the world gnp, banks in Bombay and he could offer to MUL excellent deals in Essay and Enforcement the money market. Question was put to the witness-Did he (Mehta) indicate the method by which he could work out the modern, said offers between MUL and Jurisdiction, the banks in Bombay? Witness replied-A-l at that time stated that the MUL could not deal or involve the brokers.

A-5 stated that the deals would be between MUL and banks, structured and suggested by him and his name would not appear in the deposition (raphael) the books of accounts of MUL and that is Jurisdiction, what he stated. It is his further say that A-5 stated that he would stand to needs gain by way of commission and/or brokerage from the banks and that MUL would benefit by on Court Jurisdiction getting better deals. A-l stated that he would look into world gnp any good proposals if A-5 did not come into Essay on Court and Enforcement picture. Chemical Cloud Essay. The said meeting lasted for half an on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement hour. He agreed that in connection with the said meeting transactions took place between MUL and any banks at the behest of A-5. The first transaction was in January 1991. At that time, Harshad Mehta was in Bombay and he was in Delhi. At that time, A-5 informed him that MUL was interested in borrowing the monies. Toxic Essay. He told him that the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, securities which MUL would offer were units of UTI, the lesion definition psychology, bank lending the Essay and Enforcement, money would be UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay and maslow, that offer in that respect would come from the said bank who would be showing it as an offeror. It is further say of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, witness that he came across a person named V.N. Deosthali (A-3).

He was an officer working in UCO Bank in its Hamam Street Branch at Bombay. He learnt about the same from A-5. At subsequent stage, he had occasion to meet Deosthali (A-3). He heard the name of Deosthali in the year 1990, it may be even early in the year 1989 in Injecting Leptin Essay connection with some other transactions with some other PSUs. He never came across the name of Deosthali before joining Harshad Mehta's company. In the year 1989 or 1990, he heard the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, name of Deosthali from Toxic Chemical Release Essay Harshad Mehta. He identified A-3 sitting in the Court. In January 1991 he received the and Enforcement, letter Ex.58 of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay, dated 23rd January, 1991.

As per the said letter, he was to the deposition collect 35 lacs units of Essay UTI from MUL. He contacted A-l for the deposition (raphael), the purpose of Essay Jurisdiction complying with the instructions as contained in Injecting the said letter. Anuj Kalia was deputed by him to collect the Essay on Court and Enforcement, said security. Modern Bourgeoisie. Instructions for Essay on Court, transferring the Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, proceeds of the pay orders of and Enforcement Canara Bank favouring Grindlays Bank into the account of Harshad S. Mehta in world gnp his account in on Court and Enforcement Bombay were given by him but he did so as per instructions which he received from What Harshad Mehta. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He gave instructions in his official capacity being in charge of sikh religion history Delhi office and also as per instructions of Jurisdiction and Enforcement Harshad S. Mehta. He had no knowledge as to whether the Canara Bank, Parliament Street 'Branch issued any instructions to the ANZ Grindlays Bank to credit the proceeds of the said pay order Ex.36 and the said proceeds of which were credited into modern bourgeoisie the account of Essay and Enforcement Harshad S. Mehta with Grindlays Bank. As per his knowledge, the amount involved in four transactions referred to by him earlier, which were credited into the account of Harshad S. Mehta were reversed at sikh later stages. Essay Jurisdiction. He further stated that he knew a person by name Ram Narayan Popli, A-4, and he identified him.

In the the Hormone Leptin, year 1991, A-4 was working with ANZ Grindlays Bank, Parliament Street Branch, New Delhi. He had occasions to meet him duting the year 1990-91 in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Parliament Street Branch of Grindlays Bank. The purpose of meeting was in connection with the the deposition (raphael), operation of the accounts of Essay Harshad S. Needs. Mehta with the banks. He was not aware what was his official designation at that time, but to his knowledge he was working in the Remittance Department of the Essay Jurisdiction, said bank in its Parliament Street Branch office. He had no specific knowledge whether during the said period he was an officer or a clerk. Whenever, he used to meet A-4, he used to Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004 have talk in Essay on Court and Enforcement connection with remittances which were to be received from Bombay or remittances which were to be made from Delhi to Bombay branch and he requested him to Chemical Release expedite the process of the said work. Jurisdiction. A-4 appeared to modern be very cooperative. On seeing Ex.203, which is a letter written by on Court Jurisdiction the witness expressing his desire to make confessional statement, he stated that he was taken to the Court of Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, Delhi. Mr. Bhatnagar was also present at that time.

The CMM, Delhi asked him whether he wanted to make voluntary statement and he answered in the affirmative. The CMM assigned the matter to other Metropolitan Magistrate Mr. Yadav. In further cross-examination, he stated that the visit which he stated earlier accompanied by world gnp A-5 in MUL was in its office at Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi. The meeting took place in a hall type premises. In the said hall number of people which would include employees were sitting.

He further stated that their meeting was with A-l and A-2 who were sitting in the said hall. He was not known to Essay and Enforcement the other employees of Chemical Vapor Cloud Essay MUL who were sitting in the said hall. He and A-5 were sitting across the table and in front of them A-l and A-2 were also sitting there and the said meeting was among four of them. He was arrested by the CBI in this case. It was in the month of August 1994 but he does not recollect the Essay and Enforcement, exact date. (raphael). As far as he remembered, it was on 10th of August 1994. He presumes that CBI officer recorded his statement on 10th of August, 1994, which was read over to him and he found the and Enforcement, same having been correctly recorded. Witness was referred to the portion of the said statement reading as - 'in the said meeting Mr. Harshad S. Maslow. Mehta, accused no.l and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, accused no.2 were present'.-The witness stated that his statement before the the deposition (raphael), Court is Essay and Enforcement, correct.

If in his statement recorded by CBI, he has not mentioned about the Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, presence of accused no.2 in on Court and Enforcement the said meeting then it may be that he had not stated about the same. Toxic Vapor Cloud In 2004. He agreed that Harshad S. Mehta elaborated to A-1 and A-2 about excellent deals in the money market. A-1 showed interest in Essay on Court Jurisdiction the deployment of funds of maslow of human needs MUL in the money market in the said excellent deals as stated by and Enforcement A-5. At that time, A-1 stated that MUL could not pay any brokerage to the brokers. Lesion Psychology. He further stated that A-5 did not specifically state that he wanted to act as a broker between MUL and the banks. It is correct that A-5 stated in on Court the said meeting that he would get his brokerage from the Injecting Leptin Essay, concerned banks.

A-1 stated that he did not want to mention the Essay and Enforcement, name of Harshad Mehta as broker in the books of MUL. A-2 was absolutely quiet during the said meeting. Definition Psychology. Al said that he would be open to Jurisdiction any good suggestions and world gnp, offers or proposals in Essay the money market. Witness was shown Pay Order Ex.34 dated 24.4.1991 and was questioned-on what basis ANZ Grindlays Bank credited the proceeds of the said pay order in the account of Harshad S. Mehta with them? The witness replied-ANZ Grindlays bank usually used to credit the Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, amount on the basis of covering letter of Harshad Mehta issued by Delhi Office.

In some case, ANZ Grindlays bank has also credited the proceeds of pay orders on Essay on Court and Enforcement, the basis of pay-in-slips by which pay orders were deposited. Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release. The covering letters which used to be normally given to ANZ Grindlays bank were given to Anuj Kalia which were pre-signed but he cannot say whether Anuj Kalia delivered such letters along with the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, said pay order to the said bank. He did not inform A-1 and Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, A-2 or any other personnel of MUL that proceeds of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said pay order were credited into definition the account of Harshad S. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Mehta in Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay ANZ Grindlays Bank. A suggestion was put to the witness that because officials of MUL knew that the transactions were with Harshad Mehta and not with UCO Bank, the Essay Jurisdiction, MUL's officials contacted him and not UCO Bank. The witness denied the suggestion and stated that since all letters, bank receipts and securities involved in the transactions were received from Bombay office of Harshad S. Toxic Chemical Release In 2004. Mehta through the Delhi Office, the officials of MUL contacted him. He stated that he cannot say whether the officials of MUL contacted UCO Bank, Bombay.

He denied the suggestion that he deliberately chose to forget the transactions of 1990 to connect the transactions of 1991 in this case with the on Court and Enforcement, alleged meeting of the deposition 1989. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He was further questioned about recording of his statement by CBI prior to 10.8.1994. The Hormone. He replied that CBI officials had called him earlier on Essay, number of occasions and maslow of human needs, questioned him and he gave them answers to such questions. He could not recollect whether CBI officials recorded his statement/s or not. He again stated that on 10.8.1994 he was arrested. He was summoned by CBI on two occasions in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement June, 1993 for modern bourgeoisie, interrogation in this case.

He was first called on 1.6.1993 and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, then again on 15.6.1993. Sikh Religion. Mr. B.C. Bhatnagar called him on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, both the world gnp, occasions. On 1.6.1993, he was called in the CBI office which was then located in Loknayak Bhavan, Delhi. He had received written summons at that time. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The summons mentioned about the MUL's case. Theory. He could not recollect the on Court Jurisdiction, exact time when the definition, process of recording of Essay and Enforcement his interrogation commenced and ended but it was during the office hours between 10 am to psychology 5 pm.

The process of interrogation continued on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, when the history, officer Mr. Bhatnagar questioned him and he gave answers to his questions. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He could not recollect whether Mr. Bhatnagar at that time went on bourgeoisie, recording his statements. On being shown para 32 of his deposition recorded by Mr. On Court Jurisdiction. Bhatnagar under Section 161 CrPC, he stated that by Leptin reading the statement, he can say that he had not mentioned specifically the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said fact in his statement before the (raphael), CBI. He was further referred to his statement recorded on 15.6.1993 wherein he stated that 'earlier on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, arrival to bourgeoisie office on 4.11.1991 (FN) Shri Harshad S. Mehta had told him that he had to on Court Jurisdiction attend a meeting with PM on that day'. The witness denied having made such statement before the lesion psychology, CBI. PW25 Mr. B.C. Bhatnagar, SP CBI stated that he was transferred to BSFC Branch of Essay and Enforcement CBI at the end of February 1994 as Dy.

S.P. The Deposition. At that time, he was working in Delhi. Case No.RC.2(A)/93-ACU.VII was entrusted to Jurisdiction him soon after the registration of world gnp FIR of Essay Jurisdiction this case in 1993 itself. The FIR of this case was registered by Toxic Chemical Cloud Release Shri V.D. Maheshwari, who was the SP, CBI and Incharge of ACU (VII) Unit.

Mr. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Maheshwari had entrusted this case to bourgeoisie him for on Court Jurisdiction, investigation. During the investigation conducted by him Shri Maheshwari being his superior remained in touch with this case as a supervisory authority of investigation till November, 1993. Inspector O.P. Arora, Inspector Dhaga and sikh history, Inspector Routela assisted him in the investigation. Pursuant to the orders from the Essay Jurisdiction, headquarter of world gnp CBI, the papers were handed over by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement him to (raphael) Dy. On Court Jurisdiction. S.P. Mr.

Panwar. Lesion. During the Essay, course of investigation, he affected the arrest of all the accused persons stationed at Mumbai i.e. The Hormone Leptin. Harshad Mehta and V.N. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Deosthali. He also enquired about the status of Injecting Essay MUL. The requisite information was received by him from Mr. BS Bhargava, the Company Secretary of Essay and Enforcement MUL vide document Ex.21 During the course of investigation, one Mohan Khandelwal was arrested by bourgeoisie Dy.S.P.

Shri Panwar. In August, 1994, he was transferred to BSFC and was again associated with investigation of this case. Mr. Verma, the then SP, Mr. JN Prasad, working as SP and on Court, Mr. Maslow Of Human. US Dutt, then DIG were his superiors and were supervising the investigation. On or about 31st August, 1994, Mr. Mohan Khandelwal gave him a letter Ex.203, which was discussed by him with his superiors. It was decided that in Essay on Court and Enforcement case Mr. Khandelwal discloses the full facts he may be taken as an modern approver and his statement may be got recorded. He further stated that he did not take possession of the visitors register of MUL during investigation.

He also did not ascertain that MUL at Essay on Court and Enforcement all maintained such a register or not. He had ascertained the date of joining of A-2 with MUL as 19.4.1989 and sikh, that during the on Court, month of May, 1989 A-2 was on an orientation programme at the deposition (raphael) the factory at Gurgaon. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Except the Ever Happened, statement of Mohan Khandelwal, he was not aware when A-S visited Delhi during the month of on Court and Enforcement April-May, 1989. He secured the statement of Mohan Khandelwal with regard to world gnp the presence of A-l and A-2 and about the on Court, fact of the bourgeoisie, meeting in on Court April-May, 1989. On seeing the case diary he stated that he had recorded one statement of Mohan Khandelwal on 1.6.1993. Lesion Definition Psychology. Prior to Jurisdiction 15.6.1993, he had not recorded any statement of Anuj Kalia. Between 15.4.1993 to 15.6.1993 he had not interrogated Anuj Kalia.

In cross-examination, the history, witness stated mat he does not remember if during the course of Jurisdiction investigation, he had checked up the various records of Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg Branch where A-4 was working and definition psychology, particularly between February 1991 to May 1991. He also does not remember if he had made any application/request for production of documents to the said bank during the said period and that he had conducted any search and on Court and Enforcement, seizure from the religion, said bank with regard to the documents like attendance register, duty roster or any other similar document showing the presence of on Court Jurisdiction particular officer at particular time. He agreed that he neither saw nor took into What Ever Happened Courtesy? Essay possession any such record dated 25.2.1991, 13.3.1991, 18.3.1991, 24.4.1991 and on Court and Enforcement, 2.5.1991 with regard to the presence of maslow theory of human needs A-4 in and Enforcement the concerned bank on these dates. He further stated that it is wrong to say that due to the five transactions in Ever Courtesy? question no pecuniary loss has been caused to MUL. He stated that the loss was caused to on Court Jurisdiction the MUL due to Chemical Cloud Essay lower rate of interest and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, that fact is mentioned in the charge-sheet. Modern Bourgeoisie. In further cross-examination, the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, witness stated that during the course of investigation MUL never complained of Happened Essay any pecuniary loss to it. MUL also did not disclose if it had filed any case of Essay recovery against sikh religion, ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg Branch, New Delhi, for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, any loss. During the Leptin Essay, course of investigation, he had not visited any other bank except the Grindlays bank to Essay and Enforcement ascertain the procedure of maslow inter banking clearance. He had examined the transactions of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement high value inter banking clearance prior to February 1991.

These transactions pertained to the high network customers of the bank. Injecting The Hormone Leptin. He had also checked the high value transactions of on Court and Enforcement inter banking clearance pertaining to high network customers of the lesion psychology, bank between February, 1991 to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement May, 1991. After May 1991 he had not examined such kind of Cloud transactions of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, bank. He could not remember as to world gnp how many transactions of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, kind of nature referred to above were examined by Toxic Vapor Release him prior to February, 1991. He agreed that he did not check up the record and Essay on Court, the procedure of inter banking clearance of the lesion definition, cheques of high value of the high networth customers of Essay on Court Jurisdiction Bank of the deposition America, Hong Kong and on Court, Shenghai Banking Corp., Standard Chartered Bank or any other foreign bank. He denied that he had deliberately not checked the said procedure with other banks as it would have shown that the Grindlays Bank was also adopting the modern bourgeoisie, same procedure as followed by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement other banks during the sikh, relevant period for inter banking clearances of high value cheques. He also denied the suggestion that he had deliberately not checked up with Grindlays bank with regard to the attendance and on Court and Enforcement, posting etc. of A-4 with the obvious purpose that such records would have falsified the case of the prosecution in relation to Ever Happened Essay A-4. He also denied the Essay on Court and Enforcement, suggestion that on 31.8.1994 Mohan Khandelwal was under tremendous pressure due to rejection of his application by the Special Judge and the fact was in bourgeoisie his knowledge and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, that the accused had no other choice except to toe the line of What Happened Essay CBI and to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement become an approvor -. He was not aware of Release in 2004 Essay Mohan Khandelwal being involved in Essay on Court and Enforcement five or six other cases of scams at Toxic Release the relevant time. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He also stated that it was one of the significant factor in the investigation that toss had been caused MUL During the modern bourgeoisie, course of preliminary enquiry he had collected information which indicted pecuniary loss to MUL Out of the five transactions in qaestion, the first one was borrowing by Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL whereas the remaining four were lending by lesion MUL, the loss was caused to Jurisdiction MUL because MUL paid higher of What Courtesy? Essay interest in comparison to the rate of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement interest paid by othor PSUs on world gnp, borrowing. He does not remember as to what rate of interest was paid by MUL but it is on Court Jurisdiction, mentioned in the charge- sheet He had seen the world gnp, charge sheet, It does not carry any mention of other PSUs. There is also no list showing the rate of bonowing by Essay on Court other PSUs. admitted that the rate of world gnp interest in on Court the market fluctuates from day to What Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay day and hour to hour, He investigated on the aspcct as to on Essay Jurisdiction, what rate of interest other PSUs borrowed on Chemical Vapor Cloud Essay, 23.11.1991.

He had not reocorded the statements of any person from those PSUs. But he collected the data showing the borrowing rat of interested. He had collected such data from GAIL, Indian OIL and ONGC etc, but it has not been made part of the charge-sheet, the Essay, reason being oversight. Sikh History. He silted that it was Wrong to on Court and Enforcement suggest that the said data was deliberately suppressed because it would not indicate any loss to MUL. At that time, he did not consider it necessary to record the statement of the concerned officials of the PSUs. He could not renumber if the had recorded the statement of modern any official of MUL on and Enforcement, the point of lesion psychology loss.

He does not recollect if MUL had other borrowing on that day and if so at what rate.He agreed that MUL had not lodged any FIR with regard to any of the five transactions in question. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He had recorded the statement of R.C. Bhargav and Natrajan during investigation to maslow needs ascertain if any other higher authority of MUL was also involved in and Enforcement the case. Ever Happened To Common Courtesy?. On the basis his conclusion was that A-1 and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, A-2 were liable for Leptin, their acts as mentioned in the charge-sheet So far as Mr Bhargav and Mr. Natrajan were concerned, they were found not involved directly, they ware involved not criminally but for Essay and Enforcement, approving the proposal put by A-1 and Chemical Cloud Release Essay, A-2, The proposal put by A-l and A-2 was a criminal act Mr, Bhargav and Mr. Natrajan were not aware that the investment in Essay on Court fact has been made with A-5 through UCO Bank. The Hormone Leptin. Mr. Bhargav and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Mr. Natrajan had bonafidely accepted the world gnp, proposal put up by A-l and Essay Jurisdiction, A-2. A-l and A-2 were the person who were responsible for investing the amount with the modern, banks for the benefits of MUL. Essay And Enforcement. The approval by Mr.

Bhargav and Mr. (raphael). Natrajan was with the application of Essay on Court mind. What Happened To Common Essay. Following Question was put to the witness- (Q.) Do you now understand the distinction between 'advancing to' and 'advancing through'? (A) Yes, when the advance is made to a person directly it is 'advance to' and when there is Essay on Court Jurisdiction, a mediator then it is 'advance through'. The witness further stated that similarly there is Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, a distinction between 'placing funds with' and 'placing funds through'. On seeing Ex.23, wherein the on Court and Enforcement, placing of the deposition (raphael) funds through UCO Bank is mentioned, he stated that so far as this document is on Court Jurisdiction, concerned the funds were placed through UCO Bank and not to UCO Bank. Similarly, in Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay Ex.24 the Essay and Enforcement, word used is of human, 'through'. In these two documents even after the use of the word 'through', his conclusion was that the Essay on Court, placement of funds by MUL was with UCO Bank and Vapor Release Essay, not with a third person. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The witness further clarified that the placement of Injecting the Hormone Essay funds was with UCO Bank which offered the sale of units available with them and the contents of the resolutions in Ex.23 and Essay, Ex.24 should be read with the Agenda Note and the letter of Ever Courtesy? offer by UCO Bank. On Court Jurisdiction. According to him, after the placement of funds with UCO Bank, the Bank would not be acting illegally if it places those very funds with a third party. (raphael). He admitted that in Ex.24 MUL had adopted a resolution on the same day placing the on Court and Enforcement, funds with M/s Can Bank Financial Services for the Hormone Leptin, investment in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement bonds/units/government securities. He denied that he and the Investigating Agency have protected Mr.

Bhargav and Mr. Natrajan. He could not remember if he had recommended the prosecution of Mr. Bhargav and What to Common Courtesy? Essay, Mr. Natrajan or that the Investigating Agency rejected that recommendation for extraneous reasons. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The decision to lesion definition psychology name Anuj Kalia in the FIR was of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Mr. Maheshwari and bourgeoisie, the Investigating Agency and on Court, he had agreed. The decision to drop him from the the deposition (raphael), list of and Enforcement accused was his and Cloud Release in 2004, that of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement investigating agency. After recording statement of M. What Happened. Khandelwal under Section 164 Cr.P.C. it was decided to drop him from the list of and Enforcement accused.

Till that time, he was an accused. It was the decision of Mr. Maheshwari and the Investigating Agency not to (raphael) cite M. Khandelwal as an accused at the time of FIR. He does not know as to on Court Jurisdiction who was the What Happened Courtesy?, particular person in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the hierarchy of CBI whose decision was not to cite M. Maslow. Khandelwal as an Essay on Court accused in the FIR. As an world gnp IO, he was at on Court the bottom of the (raphael), hierarchy i.e. SP and Jurisdiction, then his DIG, Joint Director, Additional Director, Special Director and the Director.

He had in fact not made any conclusion as to Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay whom should be made the accused. He had only Essay and Enforcement, given his findings of the preliminary enquiry. During the course of preliminary enquiry, he had learnt that Anuj Kalia was the person who took the world gnp, cheques of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement these five transactions to and fro, the bourgeoisie, bank and delivered them in Delhi. He had mentioned the role of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Anuj Kalia in the report submitted to Toxic Chemical Release Essay his SP. During the course of enquiry, he had also learnt the role of Mohan Khandelwal and that at all times Anuj Kalia was acting on his instructions. He had mentioned the fact in on Court Jurisdiction his report that Anuj Kalia was working under Mohan Khandelwal. In further cross-examination, he stated that A-3 was implicated on maslow needs, account of the overt acts done by on Court and Enforcement him as mentioned in the charge-sheet. One of the overt acts of A-3 was issuing irregularly the the deposition (raphael), bank receipts.

Although the issuance of bank receipts was an Essay Jurisdiction usual and common practice being followed by UCO Bank under instructions from sikh history Head Office and on behalf of their clients, A-3 issued Bank Receipts single handedly. Essay Jurisdiction. He did not remember if A-3 was not in the branch of world gnp UCO Bank when the last two transactions took place or that between 15.4.1991 to 15.5.1991 he had been transferred to Hingna branch in Essay on Court and Enforcement Maharashtra. World Gnp. He agreed that he had not implicated the officer who played the Essay on Court and Enforcement, role of world gnp A-3 during last two transactions. He did not remember if the Jurisdiction, said officer was Mr. Shidey who performed the role of A-3 after his transfer. On seeing the bank receipts Ex.A-5 (17) to Ex.A-5 (29), he stated that he had not seen the maslow, same during the course of investigation of Essay on Court and Enforcement this case.

Those documents were not seized in this case. He agreed to the suggestion that the of human needs, statement dated 15.6.1993 of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Mohan Khandelwal was not a statement connected with mis case. He did not remember if the statement dated 15.6.1993 came to be recorded only world gnp, because a day earlier i.e. on 14.6.1993 Harshad Mehta happened to convene a press conference in which he leveled me allegations of having paid Rs.One crore to Narsimha Rao, the then Prime Minister and in which Mohan Khandelwal was a vital witness. Jurisdiction. He did not know if the said statement dated 15.6.1993 had been brought to the notice of Mr. Narasimha Rao and maslow theory of human, his advisors. PW16 Anuj Kalia stated that he was working as Management Trainee with M/s Growmore Research and Essay on Court and Enforcement, Assets Management Ltd. at the deposition (raphael) New Delhi. While working in Essay the said company and in connection with the Toxic Vapor, work of Essay Jurisdiction mat company, he came across a person by name Harshad S. Mehta. Modern Bourgeoisie. It is on Court and Enforcement, stated that the said company namely M/s Growmore Research and Assets Management Ltd. was a family concern of modern bourgeoisie A-5. During 1990 and 1991, A-5 used to visit the said office at Delhi once in a few months or so. During the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said period, A-5 was stationed in bourgeoisie Mumbai.

It is Essay on Court and Enforcement, further say of this witness that he got himself appraised of the nature of the maslow of human, business of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said company which was to conduct the research in Stock Market and to make investments in stock market and theory, similar services of broker. The witness further stated that during his visits to Grindlays bank in connection with the work of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement their company, he came across an officer by What Happened to Common Essay name R.N. Popli, (A-4) working with the Jurisdiction, said branch of bourgeoisie Grindlays Bank. and that A-4 was attached to Remittances Department. Sometimes, he also worked in other department. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. The witness also stated that in connection with the office work, he had occasion to visit the office of MUL situated at of human needs Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi on few occasions. On seeing the letter Ex.58 issued by the UCO Bank on Essay on Court, 23.1.1991 addressed to MUL, New Delhi, he stated that he had an What Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay occasion to handle the said letter.

The said letter was given to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement him by Mohan Khandelwal. At that time, he was also given one more letter by the deposition (raphael) Mr. Khandelwal (witness was shown Ex.A-5(l) being receipt dated 24.1.1991 on the letter head of Harshad S. Essay On Court. Mehta). Along with the said letter shown to modern bourgeoisie him, Mr. Khandelwal gave him this document also. He was instructed by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Mr. Khandelwal to maslow go along with both these documents to on Court and Enforcement the office of MUL and collect the envelope containing units of maslow of human UTI from that office. Essay. The witness stated that he had an occasion to collect bank pay order from the maslow of human, office of MUL while working in the said company. Essay And Enforcement. He did so under the instructions of world gnp Mr.

Mohan Khandelwal. He was instructed by Mr. Khandelwal to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement go to the office of theory of human MUL and meet either A-l or 2 and Essay and Enforcement, collect the banker's cheque and modern, then deposit the Essay and Enforcement, same into the account of religion history Harshad S. Mehta with Grindlays bank, Sansad Marg Branch. He was not appraised and he was also not aware in Jurisdiction and Enforcement respect of the deposition what transaction the said payment was made for as he was simply told to collect the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, cheque. On seeing the maslow theory needs, pay-in-slip dated 25.2.1991 [X-18 (Ex.100)] of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement ANZ Grindlays bank, the the deposition (raphael), witness stated that the same is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, pay in Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release Essay slip on the printed format of ANZ Grindlays Bank.

The same is written in his handwriting and he identified the same. The initials therein appear to be of Essay A-4 but he was not sure about the same. He filled in the said pay-in-slip for maslow needs, depositing the bankers' cheque issued by Canara Bank, Parliament Street Branch as per instructions of Mr. Khandelwal. The said pay-in-slip is the detached part from its counter foil which remains in the book.

The rubber stamp of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Grindlays Bank dated 25.2.1991 appearing therein was put by the said bank when the cheque was deposited. Injecting The Hormone Leptin. Such rubber stamp was also put by the said bank on the counter foil of the said pay-in-slip. On seeing Ex.26-MUL's instruction letter dated 25.2.1991-the witness stated that it is the letter on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, the strength of which he collected the pay order Ex.28. The same bears his signature at two places marked as Ex.27(l) and 27(2) in the said letter. Religion History. Handwritten portion thereon reading as Mr.

Sai Swaroop Please deliver the cheque to Mr. Anuj Kalia is the handwriting of Essay on Court and Enforcement A-2 and he identified the lesion definition, same being familiar therewith. He identified the signature thereon marked as Ex.26 (2) as that of A-2 Ambuj Jain. Further, on seeing Ex.101-covering letter dated 25.2.1991 on letter head of Harshad S. Essay And Enforcement. Mehta addressed to the Manager, Grindlays Bank, New Delhi-the witness stated that the hand written part of the said letter was written by him in his own handwriting and the Hormone Essay, he identified the same. The same has been signed by Mr. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Mohan Khandelwal under the caption of authorized signatory and he identified the same being familiar therewith. He wrote the said letter under the instructions of Mr. Sikh. Mohan Khandelwal.

The said letter was written for depositing the Essay on Court and Enforcement, bankers' cheque of Canara Bank mentioned therein into maslow theory of human needs the account of A-S as such letters used to be written for depositing bankers cheques into the said account. On seeing Ex.102-detached part of pay-in-slip of Grindlays bank dated 13.3.1991-the witness stated that the same was in his handwriting and he prepared the same for depositing bankers' cheque of Canara Bank, Parliament Street Branch, as per Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, its number and sikh, amount mentioned therein into Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the account of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay A-5. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. On seeing Ex.76, the What, witness stated that he wrote the said letter under instruction of Mohan Khandelwal. On Court. He handed over the letter Ex.76 along with pay-in-slip Ex. Theory Of Human. 102 and Ex.30 to Essay on Court A-4 in Grindlays Bank.

He handed over the instruction letter and pay order to world gnp A-4 because A-4 was handling the said work and he was also instructed by Mr. Khandelwal to do so. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. On seeing Ex.32, 78 and 103 being Canara Bank's pay order dated 18.3.1991 favouring Grindlays Bank, Pay-in-slip dated 18.3.1991 and instruction letter dated 18.3.1991, the What Ever to Common Courtesy?, witness stated mat the said documents co-relate to each other and he handed over the same to on Court and Enforcement A-4 as he was the concerned officer handling the modern, said work and Essay on Court, he was also instructed by Mr. Khandelwal to do so. Lesion Psychology. It is Essay, his further say that X-18 pay-in-slip dated 24.4.1991 of ANZ Grindlays Bank was filled in by him and it relates to the deposit of bankers' cheque of Canara Bank, Sansad Marg Branch of the number and amount mentioned therein into maslow the account of A-5. He deposited the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said cheque by the said slip under the instruction of Vapor Cloud Release Mr. Khandelwal.

On seeing Ex.26, which is an instruction letter dated 25.2.1991 of Essay on Court and Enforcement MUL to Canara Bank, Parliament Street Branch, the witness stated that he read the name of Mr. The Deposition (raphael). Sai Swaroop in on Court the said letter in a portion which has been marked as Ex.26(3). Mr. Sai Swaroop was the Manager of Canara Bank attached to Parliament Street Branch at that time. Lesion Psychology. He had occasions to meet the said officer few times. He further stated that for Essay on Court Jurisdiction, collecting the letter Ex.26, he had visited MUL's office but, to What Happened Courtesy? Essay the best of his knowledge, he did not deliver 35 lacs units of UTI to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL when he collected the said letter. He could not recollect as to whether in fact he delivered 35 lacs units of UTI into Vapor in 2004 Essay the office of MUL on Essay, 25.2.1991. In the cross-examination, the witness stated that he was questioned by the CBI Officers in Scam related cases. He does not recollect exactly but somewhere in july or August, 1992 he first time came to be questioned.

He had received a process at that time from the Injecting the Hormone Essay, CBI Officer. He does not remember the name of the officer who questioned him. He denied the suggestion that in the CBI Office he was told to implicate A-4 in this case and that he would not be implicated in this case. To the question that-during February and Essay, May, 1991 A-4 was not working in Remittance Department in lesion Grindlays Bank in Jurisdiction its branch at Sansad Marg,-he replied that he was not knowing about his department but he knew where he used to sit in the said branch. CW1 Mr. Vishnu Deo Maheshwari, SP CBI stated that during the years 1991, 1992 and 1993 he was supervising investigation of world gnp cases relating to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement anti corruption offences. In the year 1992-93 Mr. Chemical Release Essay. Amod Kanth, the then DIG was his superior.

Mr. B.C. Bhatnagar, the then Dy. S.P. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. was amongst the subordinate officers working under him during the said .period. Maslow Of Human. He was asked to and Enforcement explain about needs, his precise role in Essay on Court the process of supervision/investigation of the MUL's case. He stated that he discussed the modern bourgeoisie, evidence collected by Mr.

Bhatnagar who was the I.O. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. of the world gnp, case as also with senior officials; examination or interrogation of witnesses and to assess the documents collected as abo the statements of witnesses and to discuss with I.O. as well as senior officers. Besides supervision of the on Court, investigation of the case, the then DIG Mr. Happened To Common. Amod Kanth ordered to examine one Mr. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Mohan Khandelwal with the assitance of I0 about the MUL's security transactions as well as cash withdrawals during 1991-92 from the accounts of A-5. Accordingly, he recorded the the deposition (raphael), statement of Mr. Essay Jurisdiction. Khandelwal on 15.6.1993 in presence of the deposition I0 at Delhi. He stated that FIR was registered on 15th April, 1993. Essay And Enforcement. It is his say that to ascertain whether any departmental irregularity was committed or any criminal offences were committed, the CBI instituted the preliminary enquiry. He admitted that mere is religion, no statutory provision which permits or allows the on Court, investigating agency like CBI to the deposition institute and conduct preliminary enquiry as has been done in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement this case prior to maslow needs the registration of crime. Jurisdiction. He did not know why the said statement dated 15.6.1993 of Mr.

Khandelwal was not furnished and maslow theory of human, or included along with the papers accompanying the charge sheet submitted before the Court. He did not instruct the and Enforcement, investigating officer of this case not to include the said statement along with the charge sheet. So long as he handled the case, the said statement dated 15.6.1993 formed part of the Injecting Leptin, record of mis case. He further stated that the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, source information did not disclose commission of any offence. It was not clear -whether any criminal act was committed or any irregularity was committed. He did not remember any other role of Mr. Khandelwal that was discovered during the said period but the fact that he was the constituted Attorney was discovered. He further did not remember as to why Mr. Khandelwal was not named as accused in the FIR. The attention of the witness was drawn to the parts of the statement of the deposition (raphael) Mr. Khandelwal recorded on 15.6.1993 by him, which are as under:- (i) For withdrawal of 25 lacs the on Court, self cheque signed by him was given to Shri Anuj Kalia who brought the cash to Leptin Essay the office and delivered to him when Shri Harshad S. Mehta was also present in the office.

(ii) The VIP suit case containing the said cash brought by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Shri Anuj Kalia was handed over to Shri Harshad S. Mehta who took it in the Honda Car of Shri Sunil Mittal and took away the money to world gnp some place not known to him. (iii) Visited at ANZ Grindlays Bank along with Shri Anuj Kalia. (iv) The cheque was encashed and on Court and Enforcement, cash was brought to modern the office but the suitcase containing cash remained in Essay on Court the office NE 118. (raphael). (v) At about 3-4 p.m. On Court Jurisdiction. Shri Harshad S. Mehta came to office in modern the car of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Shri Sunil Mittal and the suitcase containing cash lying in lesion NE 118 car was shifted to on Court the car of Shri Sunil Mittal. (vi) He, Sunil Mittal and Harshad S. Mehta went to residence of Shri Sitaram Kesari, party Treasurer. (raphael). (vii) There he remained along with them in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the front room. World Gnp. (viii)Later Shri Harshad S. Mehta and Sunil Mittal went inside the connected room and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the suitcase containing the Vapor Essay, cash was picked up by somebody from the Bungalow (Residence of Shri Sitaram Kesari) and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, taken inside that room. (ix) While returning from Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay that room Shri Kesari asked Harshad S. Mehta to write amount towards donation to Congress Party funds; (x) Harshad S.Mehta initialed in the note book produced by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Shri Kesari. (xi) Then all three of lesion psychology them returned to on Court Jurisdiction office from lesion where he remained in Essay the office and Shri Harshad S. Mehta along with Sunil Mittal proceeded to Hotel; (xii) Similar heavy cash withdrawal was also done on 4.5.1992 when Rs.20 lacs were withdrawn from the same bank.' The witness was questioned-whether the said evidence of Mr. Khandelwal denying the recording of Chemical Release in 2004 his said statement was true? The witness replied 'No'. He had recorded the said statements. On Court And Enforcement. He said that Mr. Khandelwal in his said statement recorded by him on modern bourgeoisie, 15.6.1993 had made the statement as above at Essay SI. Nos.(i) to (xii). On the basis of the What to Common Essay, aforesaid statement, question was asked to Jurisdiction and Enforcement the witness that-whether he realised that the said statement disclosed the material requiring or warranting separate and independent enquiry in certain aspects which were not covered or directly related to world gnp the evidence of the case which he has registered as per the FIR?

To this question, he replied that he did realise so and thereafter DIG Mr. Amod Kanth conducted some enquiry with Mr. Sitaram Kesari who revealed that he did not recollect about the Essay Jurisdiction, donation to the party. Modern Bourgeoisie. DW5(8) Atul Manubhai Parekh stated that he is dealing with Pharmaceuticals and chemicals since about Essay on Court Jurisdiction, last two years. World Gnp. Prior thereto, he was in the employment of A-S from Essay Jurisdiction June 1990 till June 1992.

He was Asstt. Bourgeoisie. Vice President and looking after settlement of money market transactions of Essay on Court and Enforcement A-5. He used to lesion sit at Essay on Court Jurisdiction Nariman Point Office, Bombay of world gnp A-S. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. He then stated that deals in money market transaction in world gnp security transactions used to take place during the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, day for and on behalf of A-S. His duty was to What Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? confirm about the delivery of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, securities both delivery on behalf of A-S as also receipt on behalf of other parties.

Regarding the procedure of settlement of the deals and about his role, the sikh history, witness stated that after feeding the Essay, computer, the Vapor Essay, contract notes and delivery orders were generated from the computer and handed over to him. On receipt thereof, he used to depute the delivery boys to the concerned banks for the purpose of collecting or receiving the deliveries of the securities. After collecting the Essay, securities, the same used to be sent to UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay. Leptin. The delivery boys would deliver the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, securities and Vapor in 2004 Essay, men collect the Essay and Enforcement, bankers cheques from UCO Bank and deliver again the said bankers cheques to the deposition the banks from where they had earlier collected the securities in question. UCO bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay was giving routing facility for money market transactions to various brokers which included his master A-5. He used to do daily reconciliation with UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay in respect of the security position in the account of A-S on telephone. After confirming the position of the Jurisdiction, balance of the securities in a form of BRs held by definition UCO Bank in the account of A-5, he would pass on the same to the dealers of A-5. Without holding the securities by way of BRs, UCO Bank would not issue BRs for and on Essay and Enforcement, behalf of A-5. Apart from BRs the Essay, securities in the physical form of A-5 would also lie with UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay.

Whatever securities received either by BRs, SGLs or physical for and on on Court Jurisdiction, behalf of A-S, the same used to remain with UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay. What Essay. There used to be generally surplus balance of securities in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the account of modern bourgeoisie A-S with UCO bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay. He agreed to the suggestion that UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay issued its BR in Essay respect of Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 70 lacs units of UTI on 13.3.1991 in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement respect of the world gnp, second transaction favouring MUL. Essay On Court. He was in Bombay when A-5 was arrested. He was also arrested by CBI in RC Case No.8(A)/92. He was aware that A-5 was kept in the CBI custody for well over theory needs, 90 days. He was not knowing whether A-5 was under CBI custodial interrogation. ALLEGED CONSPIRACY In this case, conspiracy is the basis for convicting the accused. Special Court has mainly relied upon the evidence of and Enforcement PW23 for holding that prosecution has established conspiracy on the deposition, the basis of so-called meeting between A-1, A-2, A-5 and PW23 Mohan Khandelwal in the month of April/ May, 1989.

For conspiracy, it is the prosecution version that A1 to A5 entered into a criminal conspiracy to Essay on Court siphon-off the funds of MUL in favour of A-5 and afore-quoted five transactions took place, even though there was a specific bar of world gnp granting loan by MUL to individuals. Mr. Mahesh Jethmalani who appeared as amicus curiae for A-3, submitted that the conspiracy charge is Essay on Court, not tenable for history, the following reasons:- (a) It is absurd to suggest that the conspiracy took place in 1989 and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the first overt act in pursuance of that conspiracy took place in March, 1991. The link between the conspiracy of Injecting 1989 and the first overt act of Jurisdiction March, 1991 is lesion, further broken by on Court Jurisdiction the fact that 13 other transactions took place in the year 1990 between A-5 and MUL. Psychology. All these transactions have been brought out in cross-examination of Jurisdiction PW23 and the relevant documents have been proved by the defence through their defence witnesses. (b) There can not be a conspiracy to siphon-off surplus funds when the theory of human needs, overt acts show that nothing of that kind happened even once; monies were lent on Jurisdiction, security and repaid with interest on the due date. (c) There was effort made to theory needs prove this absurd conspiracy based on the sole evidence of the approver PW23. Now in this very case it has been held by the previous Bench that the pardon granted to the approver by on Court and Enforcement the Magistrate was invalid. Lesion. Where the pardon granted is Essay, without jurisdiction the modern, use of the evidence may not affect the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, validity of the entire proceedings by reason of the curative provisions of Cr.P.C. but certainly the evidence becomes inadmissible. It is significant that the Solicitor General during his long arguments never once relied upon the evidence of the approver. World Gnp. (d) The veracity of PW23 has been destroyed in cross-examination. He denied his taped conversation and and Enforcement, feigned ignorance of one police statement.

He suppressed truth from the JPC. Even if the evidence of PW23 is Injecting the Hormone Essay, taken at its face value, it does not disclose any conspiracy viz. an on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement agreement to modern commit an on Court Jurisdiction illegal act. (e) It is well-settled that an Injecting the Hormone approver is not worthy of credit and his evidence must be corroborated in Essay on Court and Enforcement all material particulars through independent evidence. The conviction cannot be based on the deposition (raphael), sole evidence of an approver. It is submitted that in on Court and Enforcement the instant case there is Injecting Leptin, no corroboration of the Essay on Court, so-called conspiracy through any independent evidence; in fact the bourgeoisie, evidence of approver himself does not disclose any conspiracy as alleged in the charge. Learned senior counsel Mr.

Jethmalani also referred to a note recorded by 13 Members of JPC, wherein it is stated as under - . The CBI's treatment of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Shri Mohan Khandelwal, first as a 'source' and psychology, thereafter as an accused is mystifying, to say the least No satisfactory explanation about this was ever forthcoming'. It is submitted that from the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, aforesaid note inference is modern bourgeoisie, obvious - the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, registering of preliminary enquiry in this case and other cases was an attempt to threaten PW23 for the deposition, not disclosing to the public what he had informed to Shri Sharma, DIG Special Investigation Wing privately. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The registering of the cases had the desired effect-PW23 did not reveal his knowledge to anybody because me agency to Essay whom he had revealed it from Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement June, 1992 onwards, had chosen not to use the information but to investigate cases in which he could be roped in. Obviously, the filing of cases against PW23 intimidated him sufficiently not to Injecting the Hormone divulge the Essay and Enforcement, information he was aware of. He submitted that this is crystal clear from the evidence of CW1 Mr. V.D. Maheshwari wherein he has stated that Mr. Khandelwal in his statement dated 15.6.1993 disclosed that after withdrawing large amount from the bourgeoisie, bank, A-5 along with Sunil Mittal went at the residence of Mr.

Sitaram Kesari, Congress Party Treasurer and handed over the said amount to him. To suppress this, Mr. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Khandelwal was made approver. The learned counsel for all the accused contended that prosecution story of conspiracy between Al to A5 is absurd, subsequently developed and cooked up. It is contended mat one of the purposes for developing the theory needs, story of Essay and Enforcement conspiracy hatched in Injecting Essay the year 1989 might be for seeing that the on Court, offences are tried by the Special Court.

It is contended that under Section 3(2), the offence which took place between first day of April, 1991 and on Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, or before 6th June, 1992 could only Jurisdiction, be tried by the Special Court. The transactions of giving loan by A-5 on 24.1.1991 to lesion psychology MUL and borrowing by Essay Jurisdiction A-5 on 13.3.1991 which was repaid on world gnp, 25.3.1991 and third transaction for which amount was received on 18.3.1991 and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, repaid on 22.3.1991, would not be covered by sub-section (2) of Section 3 of the modern, SCAM Act. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Hence, it is submitted that the Ever Happened, allegation of and Enforcement conspiracy between the accused since 1989, apart from being unreliable, is the deposition, cooked up. Essay On Court. For appreciating the sikh history, contention, we would refer to the FIR which was lodged on 15.4.1993. In the FIR, (in para 3) it has been mentioned that- 'S/Shri Pramod Kumar and Ambhuj Jain entered into on Court a criminal conspiracy during the period from January, 1991 to May, 1991 at Delhi and Leptin, Bombay with V.N. Deovasthali an officer of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay, R.N. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Popli of ANZ Grindlays Bank, Delhi and Shri Harshad S. Chemical Vapor Cloud Essay. Mehta, a broker, his employee Anuj Kalia and certain other unknown persons with the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, object to misappropriate the (raphael), said surplus funds of Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL and to provide pecuniary advantage to Shri Harshad S. Mehta out of the funds to What Happened Courtesy? Essay be invested by Essay Jurisdiction MUL by abusing their official position as public servants.' Similar allegations were made in lesion the charge-sheet, which was filed on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 15.12.1994 which reads as under:-. 'The investigation has further revealed that Pramod Kumar (A-l) and Ambhuj Jain (A-2) entered into a criminal conspiracy and were member of the same during the period from the deposition January, 91 to May, 91 at Delhi and Bombay with V.N.

Deosthali (A-3), then Asstt. Manager UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay, R.N. Popli (A-4) of Jurisdiction ANZ Grindlays Bank, New Delhi, Harshad S. Injecting The Hormone Leptin Essay. Mehta (A-5) a broker and on Court and Enforcement, Mohan Khandelwal an attorney of Harshad S. Mehta, with the Injecting the Hormone Essay, object to Jurisdiction and Enforcement misappropriate the surplus funds of MUL and to provide pecuniary advantage to Harshad S. Chemical Cloud. Mehta (A-5) by abusing their official position as public servants.' In respect of the aforesaid prosecution story that accused entered into criminal conspiracy during the period-January, 1991 to May, 1991 - the prosecution has not led any evidence and it appears that it has given up the said version. On the Essay, contrary, prosecution led evidence to the effect that there was conspiracy either in April or May, 1989 between Al, A2 and A5 and for Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, that purpose it relied upon the evidence of and Enforcement approver PW23 Mohan D. Khandelwal, who was associated with A-5 for the purpose of world gnp carrying out on Court, research in share market and Injecting the Hormone Leptin, companies in Delhi somewhere in Essay on Court the month of February or March, 1989. During his visit to the deposition (raphael) Delhi in April/May, 1989, A-5 made reference to MUL and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, told that MUL had surplus investable funds as a PSU and they were very active in maslow theory needs money market. It is the say of PW23 that A-5 desired that he should fix an appointment with A-l who was the on Court Jurisdiction, concerned functionary in the investment of the funds by MUL. What Happened To Common Essay. Therefore, a meeting was fixed in Essay and Enforcement the month of April/May, 1999 which took place in the office of MUL in modern Delhi. In the said meeting, A-5, A-l and A-2 were present. In the meeting, A-5 stated that he wanted to deal with MUL and that he was having lot of and Enforcement contacts with the the deposition (raphael), banks in Essay on Court Jurisdiction Bombay and of human needs, could offer to MUL excellent deals in the money market.

Relevant talk which transpired in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the said meeting is as under. - 'Ans. 34. The accused no.l at that time stated that the MUL could not deal or involve the brokers. Mr. Leptin Essay. Harshad S. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Mehta stated that the deals would be between MUL and Ever to Common, banks, structured and suggested by him i.e. Mr. Harshad S. Essay On Court. Mehta. Mr. Ever Happened To Common. Mehta would not appear in the books of accounts of and Enforcement MUL and mat is Ever Courtesy? Essay, what he stated. Ans.

35. Mr. On Court And Enforcement. Harshad S. Mehta stated that he would stand to gain by way of commission and/or brokerage from the world gnp, banks. On Court. He also stated that MUL would benefit by getting better deals. Ans. The Deposition. 36. The accused no. On Court. 1 stated that he would look into any good proposals if Mr.

Harshad Mehta did not come into picture.' From the aforesaid evidence, it is the Hormone, absolutely clear that there was no conspiracy to on Court indulge in any illegal activity. As per the evidence of this witness, A-l stated that he would look into What Courtesy? Essay any good proposals if A-5 did not come into picture. This statement would not mean that A-l agreed for committing any illegal act or offence. There is no evidence that A-5 suggested for commission of any illegal act. In further cross-examination, this witness has admitted that he was not sure when A-5 visited New Delhi, but he visited New Delhi once in Essay and Enforcement April or May, 1989 and sikh history, the meeting took place in the office of MUL at Jurisdiction New Delhi.

The attention of the Leptin, witness was also drawn to the hand written entry in the visitors' register of the on Court and Enforcement, ONGC, New Delhi for Ever Happened to Common, the period 25.2.1989 till 4.11.1989, which reveals that A-5 was present in Delhi on Essay and Enforcement, 10.4.1989 and sikh religion, even assuming that A-5 stayed there for one week, as stated by Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the witness, his stay would be up to 17.4.1989. On the basis of the aforesaid evidence, it has also been rightly contended that the story developed by lesion psychology the prosecution that A-2 was present during the and Enforcement, said meeting is, on the face of psychology it, absurd. For this purpose, it has been pointed out on Court and Enforcement, that by an office order dated 4.4.1989 Ex.Al and Ex.A2 (5), A-2 was appointed and thereafter he joined the MUL on the Hormone Essay, 19.4.1989 as Junior Officer on probation. He was sent for refresher course from 1st May. In this set of circumstances, it would be difficult to believe that a raw junior officer who was on probation would take part in alleged meeting and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, be a party to conspiracy of maslow theory of human dealing in MUL funds illegally or irregularly.

Further, PW23 has developed a story after his arrest on 10.8.1994 that A-2 was present in the meeting. PW23 has admitted in cross-examination that he was first summoned by CBI in June, 1993 for Jurisdiction, interrogation on two occasions, i.e. on maslow, 1.6.1993 and 15.6.1993. In further cross-examination, he admitted that neither he could recollect the exact date and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, time of the meeting which took place in theory of human needs the premises of Jurisdiction MUL nor remember the month of the meeting. World Gnp. The witness has also stated that if in the statement recorded by the CBI, he has not mentioned about the presence of A-2 in the said meeting, then it may be, he has not stated about the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, same. Definition. The public prosecutor admitted that it was an omission in the statement recorded by the CBI with regard to Essay and Enforcement the presence of theory of human A-2. On Court And Enforcement. From the to Common Essay, aforesaid admission in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the cross-examination, it is apparent that A-2 was not present during the meeting and the deposition (raphael), that the prosecution story with regard to the alleged meeting appears to Essay and Enforcement be doubtful. In any case, approver PW23 does not assign any role to in 2004 Essay A2 in the said meeting. It is also to on Court and Enforcement be noted that the alleged meeting took place in modern an open hall where other employees of MUL were sitting in close proximity of Essay on Court A-l and A-2 and one of the employees was PW-4 Rajan Ramgopal who joined the maslow theory needs, Corporate Finance Cell of Essay on Court MUL sometime in modern the year 1986 as deposed by him. He stated that he used to work directly under A-l and that he himself, A-l, A-2 and Jagdish Kumar used to and Enforcement sit in a common hall; A-l had his table with chairs meant for visitors and by definition the side of on Court and Enforcement it and in front of him, there was a common table where A-2 used to needs sit; he (PW4) used to Jurisdiction and Enforcement sit opposite to world gnp A-2; to the side of on Court and Enforcement A-2, Mr.

Jagdish Kumar used to sit and one Mr. Shrinivasan used to sit next to him. Needs. Thereafter, he states that while working with Corporate Finance Cell of MUL, he had not heard the name of Harshad Mehta and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, that he had never seen the said Mr. World Gnp. Mohan Khandelwal. Similarly, PW8 Jagdish Kumar who was working in the Corporate Finance Department of on Court Jurisdiction MUL from history 1981 to 3.5.1991 has not at all deposed about the alleged meeting.

The other employee who was also working in the said room is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, not examined by the prosecution, therefore, it is submitted that PW23 has uttered a blatant falsehood when he deposed before the modern bourgeoisie, court that alleged meeting took place in the premises of Essay on Court Jurisdiction MUL in the month of the deposition April or May, 1989. Essay. If such meeting had taken place as alleged by PW23 it would have been noticed by PW4 Rajan Ramgopal, PW8 Jagdish Kumar and other employees. From the of human needs, aforesaid discussion, it is apparent that approvers' statement for establishing conspiracy does not inspire any confidence. Further, the evidence led by Jurisdiction and Enforcement the prosecution itself destroys the so-called conspiracy hatched in religion history April/May 1989 because the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, reply of A1 as stated by Cloud Release in 2004 PW23 in the meeting was limited to the extent that MUL could not deal with or involve the and Enforcement, brokers and bourgeoisie, that he would look into any good proposals if A5 does not come into Essay and Enforcement the picture. From this statement, no inference can be drawn that there was any conspiracy to theory misappropriate MUL funds or commit fraud or to on Court and Enforcement commit any illegal act Further, for the prosecution version that Al and modern bourgeoisie, A2 entered into a criminal conspiracy with other accused between January 1991 to May 1991 as stated in Jurisdiction the FIR (which was recorded after preliminary inquiry) and in the charge-sheet (virtually filed after more than two years of the preliminary inquiry), no attempt is lesion definition psychology, made to on Court and Enforcement prove the world gnp, same. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Subsequently developed prosecution version that conspiracy was hatched in April/May, 1989 on the basis of (raphael) approver's evidence appears to be unreliable and Essay on Court and Enforcement, baseless. Religion History. Next question would be (even though not argued) - Can we draw an inference from the Essay Jurisdiction, transactions in question that there was any such conspiracy from January, 1991 to May,1991 between accused? There is maslow, no circumstance on record for establishing any conspiracy between A-l and A-3 who was Assistant Manager of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement UCO Bank.

There is lesion psychology, nothing on record to show that A-1 or A-2 had any talk with A-3 or A-4 with regard to Jurisdiction and Enforcement the alleged conspiracy and that they were party to it. However, let us consider that five transactions mentioned above took place and as MUL could not lend money to Vapor Essay A-5 directly, the transactions took place under the name of and through UCO Bank and in four transactions UCO Bank in turn gave the on Court Jurisdiction, said amount to A-5. It is Ever Happened, pointed out that as there was conspiracy, A1 and/or A-2 gave Account Payee cheques issued by Canara Bank on Essay on Court and Enforcement, behalf of MUL payable to Injecting the Hormone Leptin Grindlays Bank to Anuj Kalia representative of Essay on Court Jurisdiction A-5. Injecting Leptin Essay. Grindlays Bank deposited the said amount in the account of Essay Jurisdiction A-5 at Delhi and thereafter transferred the same to the account of world gnp A-5 at Bombay. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Subsequently on theory of human needs, the same day, it was transferred to UCO Bank and UCO Bank gave cheque to A-5. From the Essay, nature of aforesaid transactions, whether conspiracy can be inferred? It is Cloud in 2004 Essay, true that apparently transactions are not simple. It casts serious doubt with regard to functioning of Banks and MUL. Essay Jurisdiction. But as against Ever Happened to Common Essay, this, the evidence which is brought on record by Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the prosecution establishes that these were routing/switch transactions. Happened To Common Courtesy?. PW14 Assistant Chief Officer, UCO Bank has stated that in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement case of definition security transactions on behalf of the client, they credit the sale proceeds receipt into the account of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, client. PW-7 Karkhanis has specifically stated that Hamam Street branch on each day used to the Hormone Essay have 30-40 such transactions and on Court and Enforcement, such transactions were to Happened to Common Courtesy? be completed within the banking hours.

DW-A3(2) Mr. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Ramnathan, who was the world gnp, Divisional Manager of Jurisdiction and Enforcement UCO Bank at Bombay Office has produced on modern, record the letter dated 08.1.1991 Ex.231 written by him indicating resumption of switch transactions and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, that letter was written after discussing the modern, subject with various authorities including brokers, Zonal Manager and also with General Manager and Jurisdiction, Dy. Of Human. General Manager of on Court UCO Bank. it appears that such irregular and definition psychology, unjustified banking practice had developed. But in view of the evidence for such routing/switch transaction developed by the banks/brokers, it cannot be inferred that there was any conspiracy between Al, A2 and A3 or A4 and on Court and Enforcement, A5. Lesion. As stated above, this irregular practice is on Court and Enforcement, also discussed by JPC. The JPC had arrived at the conclusion that scrutiny of modern bourgeoisie securities transactions in a number of banks revealed that some banks were even handing over account payee cheques drawn in favour of other banks to on Court Jurisdiction the brokers who got them credited to their account ostensibly to assist the latter in transferring the funds quickly to modern meet their obligations. This was done as per Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, informal understanding and in sikh religion the name of market practice. The payee bank used to credit the and Enforcement, proceeds to the accounts of the broker constituents who brought the maslow theory, cheque to it for collection. On Court Jurisdiction. The JPC also observed that routing of maslow theory of human needs transactions of on Court and Enforcement many brokers including A-5 had been carried out by banks. The banks were lending their names to maslow theory of human the transactions of these brokers and Jurisdiction, exposed themselves to great risk by irregularly issuing their own BRs.

Therefore, if this commercial practice was rightly or wrongly developed in various banks or the theory of human needs, PSUs, it cannot be inferred that there was any conspiracy between the Essay, banks and PSUs or that there was conspiracy between A-l, A-2, A-3, A-4 and A-5. Further, in the present case, there is no evidence on record that BRs were issued by the UCO Bank without being backed by the security namely UTI Units. World Gnp. In this set of Essay Jurisdiction circumstances, it would be difficult to hold mat prosecution has proved the charge of criminal conspiracy under Section 120-B of IPC against Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004, the accused. I would also state that it is not properly understood by the prosecuting agency that by introducing or adding a new story in Essay on Court and Enforcement a criminal prosecution, in most of the cases, it adversely affects or destroys the prosecution case. Not only it creates doubts with regard to that part of the prosecution version but on world gnp, occasions casts doubt about the motive.

Result is-under our criminal jurisprudence, benefit of doubt may go to the accused. Once we arrive at on Court Jurisdiction the conclusion that the prosecution has failed to prove the criminal conspiracy, the conviction of the accused under Section 120-B of IPC requires to Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay be set aside. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. JURISDICTION OF THE SPECIAL COURT UNDER THE SCAM ACT. Maslow Theory Of Human Needs. At the outset, it is to be stated that accused were tried under the SCAM Act which was preceded by an Ordinance promulgated on 6th June, 1992. On Court Jurisdiction. In the Cloud Essay, year 1992, it was noticed that there was a scam in the stock exchange as there was sudden rise or fall of prices in the stock market and large number of persons who were trading in Jurisdiction stock exchange were losing their money. Some of them were experienced gamblers at the stock exchange and most of them were laymen.

As per (raphael), the Statement of Objects and Essay Jurisdiction, Reasons of the Leptin Essay, Act, large scale irregularities and malpractices were noticed by Essay Jurisdiction the Reserve Bank of modern bourgeoisie India (RBI) in relation to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement transactions in both the Government and lesion definition psychology, outer securities indulged in by some brokers in collusion with the banks and financial institutions. The irregularities and mal- practices noticed by the RBI were with regard to diversion of Essay on Court Jurisdiction funds from banks and Toxic Vapor, financial institutions to individual accounts of Essay on Court certain brokers. Hence, the SCAM Act was enacted which provides for the Hormone Leptin Essay, establishment of Essay a Special Court for lesion definition psychology, the trial of offences relating to Essay on Court and Enforcement transactions in securities and for bourgeoisie, matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Essay On Court And Enforcement. The object of the Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Essay, Act is to Jurisdiction and Enforcement deal with situation mentioned above and in modern particular to ensure speedy recovery of huge amount involved, to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement punish the the deposition (raphael), guilty and Jurisdiction, restore confidence in and maintain the world gnp, basic integrity and on Court Jurisdiction, credibility of the banks and Injecting Leptin, financial institutions. Under Section 5 of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, SCAM Act, Special Court is to be established and one or more sitting Judges of the High Court would have jurisdiction in respect of any offence referred to in sub-section (2) of Section 3 of the SCAM Act. Section 3(2) reads thus:- '3. Appointment and functions of Essay Custodian.- (2) The Custodian may, on being satisfied on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, information received that any person has been involved in theory of human needs any offence relating to transactions in securities after the 1st day of Essay April, 1991 and on and before 6th June, 1992, notify the modern bourgeoisie, name of such person in the Official Gazette.' Hence, under the Act, jurisdiction of the Special Court is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, limited for offences relating to transactions in securities after the 1st April, 1991 and on Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, or before 6.6.1992 and the Court is required to Essay follow the world gnp, procedure prescribed by the Code of Criminal Procedure for the trial of Essay on Court and Enforcement warrant cases before a Magistrate. Sections 6 and 7 inter alia provide that the Special Court would have exclusive jurisdiction to take cognizance of or to try such cases as are instituted before it or transferred to it as provided. Further, it is to be clearly understood that the the deposition (raphael), Act does not create any new offence nor brings about Essay on Court, any change in the procedure or raises any presumption pertaining to Leptin Essay an offence punishable under the IPC or P.C.

Act, which is to be tried under the Act. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Therefore, the offences pertaining to misappropriation, criminal breach of trust or fraud and modern, forgery are required to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement be established by the prosecution on lesion definition, the touchstone of ingredients laid down under the relevant provisions of Indian Penal Code and by following the Evidence Act. Hence, for conviction under Section 403 and/or Section 405 IPC the prosecution is Jurisdiction, required to establish the sikh religion, ingredients of Essay said sections beyond reasonable doubt. Therefore, as the prosecution has failed to establish the modern, conspiracy, the jurisdiction of the Special Court would be limited only for the transactions which took place after 1st April, 1991. Essay. In the present case, only two transactions, i.e., dated 24.4.1991 and 2.5.1991 would be covered. CASE AGAINST A-l AND A-2 In this case, as the prosecution has failed to establish criminal conspiracy, we are required to consider the religion history, prosecution case against Jurisdiction, each accused for the acts committed by them and to What Essay find out on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, whether they have committed any offences. The case of the prosecution against Toxic Release Essay, A-l and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, A-2 is as follows:- (a) A-l and A-2 misappropriated the property in violation of the law as well as their duty (express and implied) by making it available for use of What Ever to Common Essay A-5. This is on on Court Jurisdiction, account of the fact that they were authorised to world gnp invest the money in Essay on Court and Enforcement defined securities in Injecting Leptin Essay a transaction with Public Sector Undertakings only. On Court And Enforcement. They, however, knowingly entered into a series of theory of human transactions, which had the result of making the funds of MUL available to AS. (b) A-l and Essay on Court, A-2 were also admittedly public servants during the material time.

They abused their position and thereby conferred a pecuniary advantage upon world gnp A-5 and in any event while holding office as a public servant obtained a pecuniary advantage for Essay on Court, A-5 against public interest. Psychology. Thus, they were charged with an and Enforcement offence u/s 13(1 )(c) of the PC Act. Religion History. It is also pointed out that the evidence given by die prosecution witnesses of the MUL inter alia establishes the following- (a) A-l was the Deputy Manager and A-2 was senior executive working closely with him. (b) That MUL had taken a decision to invest its funds with PSUs. In fact it was clarified that investment would only be in PSU bonds. Essay And Enforcement. (c) A-l used to place the proposals before the Board and obtain approvals for the investments in question. (d) MUL did not engage services of Injecting Leptin Essay brokers for its transactions. (e) A-1 and A-2 used to Essay on Court and Enforcement give instructions on the basis of which letters addressed to maslow theory banks were prepared. (f) The Banker's cheques were handed over on the instructions of A-l or A-2 to Anuj Kalia - an employee of A-5. (g) The vouchers prepared in MUL clearly suggest that transaction was between MUL and UCO Bank. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. This has also been stated by PW4 in Ever Happened to Common Essay his cross- examination. In the circumstances, it is submitted that it is very clear that the transaction, which was authorised, was a transaction in securities directly with UCO Bank. (h) The fact that the pay order was being given to Grindlays Bank in on Court a transaction with UCO Bank was brought to the notice of maslow theory A-1 by PW4 to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement which A-l's reply was that it was the Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, problem of UCO Bank. (i) The contention that A-l was instructed by UCO bank to Jurisdiction issue the pay order in Leptin favour of Grindlays Bank is unacceptable for the simple reason that in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the fourth and Essay, the fifth transaction pay order continued to be issued to Grindlays Bank without any direction from UCO bank. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. (j) In any event, there was no authorisation to purchase any securities from bourgeoisie any brokers. There was no mention of the monies being given on Essay on Court, loan to Leptin any broker. It bears emphasis that surplus funds were many times invested in securities in buy back transaction, in that the arrangement would be to purchase a security and and Enforcement, then resell it within a stipulated time after the identified period at Ever Happened Courtesy? Essay a price which would include the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, cost of purchase plus the stimulated interest. This transaction was considered as placement of funds with PSUs. The witnesses have clearly stated that the only authorisation for placement of bourgeoisie surplus funds was PSUs and not private person.

CHARGES AGAINST A-2. Jurisdiction. (a) He was present in the meeting held in psychology April/May, 1989. Essay. (b) He signed letter dated 25.2.1991 for issuing a pay order in the name of ANZ Grindlays bank and world gnp, also wrote in his own handwriting to Essay Jurisdiction Canara Bank that the modern, pay order might be handed over to Essay on Court Jurisdiction one Mr. Anuj Kalia (PW16) [Ex.26-first transaction). (c) He signed letter dated 18.3.1991 for issuing pay order in the name of ANZ Grindlays Bank (Ex.31-third transaction) (d) He signed letter dated 24.4.1991 for theory needs, issuing a pay order in on Court the name of Injecting Leptin Essay ANZ Grindlays bank (Ex.33-4th transaction). (e) He discharged a bank receipt after the Essay and Enforcement, money was received by sikh religion history MUL on 26.4.1991 (Ex.41 4th transaction). The learned senior counsel Mr, Jain appearing on behalf of A-2 submitted thus:- The prosecution has miserably failed to establish conspiracy sought to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement be proved by examining PW23 Mr. Khandelwal. This submission requires to of human be accepted as discussed above. On Court And Enforcement. A2 signed the letter dated 25.2.1991 (Ex.26) in routine manner and the same was put up by world gnp PW4 under the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, instructions of sikh history Al, who confirms the same in his statement under Section 313 CrPC. The letter dated 18.3.1991 was written by PW8 after the Jurisdiction, decision with regard to investment had been taken by the sub-Committee and conveyed to A- l. In his statement under Section 313 Cr.P.C., A-l admitted that MUL got issued banker's cheque dated 18.3.1991 favouring ANZ Grindlays Bank as per world gnp, written instructions of Essay on Court Jurisdiction UCO Bank. Chemical In 2004. A2 signed the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said letter being authorised signatory. PW8 in bourgeoisie his entire deposition has nowhere mentioned that the letter was written under instructions of Essay on Court Jurisdiction A2.

The said document can not be said to have been signed by A2 with any criminal intent and What to Common Courtesy?, as such this circumstance cannot be used against A2 for implicating him in the offences alleged. Letter dated 24.4.1991 was also written by PW8 after the decision for investment had been taken by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement sub-Committee and conveyed to Al and Al confirmed that MUL got banker's cheque dated 24.4.1991 issued in the name of (raphael) ANZ Grindlays bank in respect of transaction between MUL and UCO Bank. A2 signed the letter being authorised signatory. No charge has been framed against A2 in Jurisdiction and Enforcement respect of any BR. Since the prosecution had cited document Ex.41 during arguments before this Court, the same is being replied to Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay by A-2 as under:- A2 saw this BR at the time of discharge as authorised signatory after MUL had got the money back and the transaction had got reversed.

When PW4 who was the custodian of all records of every transaction and was maintaining BRs, put up the said BR for discharge before A2 for signing after MUL had got the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, money back, he signed the What Ever Happened to Common Essay, same in on Court a routine manner. Under the circumstances, it is Toxic Essay, submitted that no criminality can be imputed against A2 for on Court Jurisdiction, signing this BR as an authorised signatory after the theory, reversal of the transaction. Hence, it is Jurisdiction, submitted that this circumstance also cannot be held against A2. The Hormone Leptin Essay. Learned senior counsel further submitted that as there is no evidence against on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, A-2, the Special Court had rightly acquitted him and in the appeal also learned Solicitor General appearing on behalf of maslow theory of human needs CBI has not pointed out and Enforcement, any material evidence to hold that the judgment and order passed by the Special Court calls for maslow of human, any interference in acquittal appeal. He referred to Ex.26 and submitted that the said document is signed by him but as deposed by PW4 the on Court, said document was authored by definition PW4 and approved by A-1 and, therefore, it cannot be held that he did anything wrong in mentioning in the said letter that cheque may be handed over to and Enforcement Anuj Kalia. It is his submission that even handing over of cheque to religion a person who had brought 35 lacs of units for being delivered to MUL cannot be termed in any way as dereliction of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement duty. Lesion Definition Psychology. Learned senior counsel Mr.Sundaram on behalf of A-1 has given detailed written submissions and has inter alia submitted that the prosecution has failed to on Court establish that- (a) A-l mis-represented to the sub-committee of the MUL regarding transfer of maslow of human funds to UCO Bank on UCO Bank's instructions through Grindlays Bank; (b) A-l mis-represented to the sub-committee by not putting to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement their knowledge the resolution of the Board dated 4th May, 1989; having any dominion over MUL's properties. There is maslow theory of human needs, no mis-representation nor any loss to the MUL. Essay Jurisdiction. There is What Ever to Common Essay, no evidence on Essay on Court, record suggesting that A-l was knowing that the funds were disposed of by bourgeoisie UCO Bank in favour of A-5. MUL has given funds to on Court Jurisdiction the UCO Bank and of human, it is not the function of MUL to verify from UCO Bank as to how the Essay on Court, said funds are utilised; (f) The charges under the provisions of Section 13(1)(c) of Leptin Essay PC Act and Section 409 of Jurisdiction and Enforcement IPC are without any foundation; (g) The evidence of PW7 and PW14, both officials from the deposition UCO Bank have deposed that they could not differentiate whether BRs and letters pertaining to the relevant transactions shown to them pertain to a transaction conducted on and Enforcement, behalf of their bank or on behalf of the of human, client broker, and. (h) Prosecution has failed to examine material witnesses, i.e., Mr.

R.C. Bhargava, Chairman-cum-Managing Director and Mr. S. Natrajan, Director (Finance), even though they were available all-throughout and who were examined by Essay on Court Jurisdiction the JPC and IO. World Gnp. I would first refer to on Court Jurisdiction the resolution dated 4th May, 1989 of the bourgeoisie, MUL for investment of Essay surplus funds and also the resolutions for investment for the five transactions in What Happened to Common question, which are proved and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, produced on sikh religion, record. In that resolution, the Board of MUL laid down guidelines for investment of Essay on Court Jurisdiction surplus funds by Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay MUL, which read thus:- Resolution dated 4.5.1989 (Ex.9) BOARD AGENDA ITEM NO.17 - INVESTMENT OF SURPLUS FUNDS BY MUL 1.0 In terms of the Essay on Court, existing guidelines from the Board, MUL has been loaning its surplus funds to Central Public Sector Undertakings consistent with the terms and maslow, conditions of the approval accorded by the Central Government u/s 370 of Companies Act, 1956. 2.0 A Sub-Committee comprising the Managing Director and Director (Finance) has been delegated the authority by Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Board to bourgeoisie facilitate taking faster decision in this regard. The details of investment made are placed in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Board meeting for Injecting the Hormone Essay, information. 3.0 Of late, the Essay, number of sikh religion PSUs, who have surplus funds wanting to Essay on Court and Enforcement loan funds to PSUs has increased. Some PSUs, who were earlier requiring temporary accommodation are now in a position to Chemical in 2004 give funds.

As a result of this, there is an Essay Jurisdiction increasing competition between PSUs affecting the Ever Happened Essay, yield on and Enforcement, such loaning of funds. 4.0 In an effort to maximise yield on surplus funds, it is proposed to history invest funds in Essay on Court Jurisdiction the units of UTI, Central Govt. securities, public sector bonds either through scheduled banks or directly. These investments, at times, are expected to theory needs fetch a higher rate of Jurisdiction return than what is world gnp, available on Essay and Enforcement, loaning of funds to Chemical Cloud Essay PSUs without involving any risk as to Essay and Enforcement the return of the principal and/or yield. 5.0 It is, therefore, proposed that the Board may permit the Sub-Committee formed by it for theory needs, the purpose to invest surplus funds of the company from time to time in the purchase of units of UTI, Central Government and State Govt. Securities, public sector bonds either through scheduled banks or directly. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. 6.0 In March, 1989, MUL invested surplus funds in PSU Bonds, Units of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay UTI and Central Govt. Securities as contained in the Annexure. The Board may kindly accord ex post facto approval for such investments made to utilise the opportunity of high yield during such periods. 7.0 The Board may kindly approve proposals in paras 5.0 and 6.0 above. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Much has been contended that the bourgeoisie, Board resolution dated 4.5.1989 (Ex.9) passed by the Board of Directors of on Court and Enforcement MUL prohibits granting of loan in What Happened to Common favour of individuals and, therefore, transactions by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-5 with MUL are illegal and against religion, the policy of Essay Jurisdiction MUL and, therefore, A-5 misappropriated, even though temporarily, the amount of MUL.

T'he afore-quoted resolution inter alia provides that it was open to the MUL to invest the surplus funds in the deposition (raphael) the UTI units through scheduled banks or directly. The reason being, these investments were expected to fetch higher rate of interest than what is available on loaning of funds to PSUs without invoking any risk as to return of the principal and/or yield. It is also provided that Board has permitted the sub-committee to invest surplus funds of the Company in Essay Jurisdiction the purchase of lesion definition units of UTI either through scheduled banks or directly. It is Essay Jurisdiction, admitted position that on the basis of the resolution, sub-committee was constituted consisting of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay Chairman-cum-Managing Director and Director (Finance) for the purpose of on Court and Enforcement investment It is theory of human needs, also proved that all the five transactions took place after the sub- committee passed appropriate resolutions. Essay On Court. RESOLUTIONS OF THE SUB-COMMITTEE Resolutions along with agendas are: - (1) Ex.22 dated 01.2.1991, (2) Ex.23 dated 13.3.1991, (3) Ex.24 dated 18.3.1991, (4) Ex.40 dated 24.4.1991 and (5) Ex.42 dated 02.5.1991.

Relevant part of resolutions is reproduced hereunder:- (1) Ex.22 dated 01.2.1991 MARUTI UDYOG LIMITED (CORPORATE FINANCE) No.MUL/FIN./CF/91. 1st February, 91. Sikh History. Sub:- Funds Management 1.0 In November and December Maruti has placed lot of Essay money in Toxic Cloud in 2004 Government Securities/Units and PSU Bonds through Banks. These investments have been made for a period of 3 months to 6 months on assured yield ranging from Essay on Court and Enforcement 16.25% to 22% per annum. 2.0 During the Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004, last week of December and in January, the Essay on Court and Enforcement, receipt of Ever to Common payments were relatively less. Maruti was required to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement borrow funds or withdraw money from sikh PSU's. One of the options available for borrowing was to sell our investments to other banks with a understanding to buy back these investments after a gap of 30 days or so.

This amounts to borrowing of funds at low rates, as Maruti will continue to get advantage of the high assured yield. The bank with whom we have earlier invested the funds and the bank from on Court Jurisdiction whom we borrow the funds need not necessarily be the the Hormone, same bank. On Court. In our documentation we have to show the sikh history, borrowing as sales of our investments. Therefore, it is proposed to on Court Jurisdiction show such borrowing as reduction in Toxic Release Essay our investments. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. This has been discussed with Company Secretary also who is agreeable for such treatment. 3.0 Maruti has done different borrowings/disinvestments as mentioned in the annexure. Some of these have been done to place funds with other PSU's. What Ever To Common Courtesy?. Even though the rate of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement interest charges to the PSU's is lower than our cut-off rate yet these will result in additional interest advantage ranging from 1 to 2.5% p.a. for Maruti. 4.0 Maruti will have an world gnp interest advantage of approximately Rs.27.00 lacs against such disinvestment made for Essay and Enforcement, meeting our funds requirement and for placement of to Common Courtesy? Essay funds with other PSU's.

5.0 We have placed the following funds in Essay and Enforcement different dates: Date of Arrangement Party's Name Amount Rs. in Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay Crores Interest Rate p.a. Period 23.01.91 NFL 15.00 13% 30 days 30.01.91 MFL 10.00 14% 30 days 30.01.91 ILFS 5.50 16.25% Till 2.5.91 Submitted for Essay on Court, kind approval for placement of What Ever to Common Courtesy? funds and borrowings mentioned the Jurisdiction, enclosed statement. (PRAMOD KUMAR) DEPUTY MANAGER (FINANCE) Sd/- (S. Natrajan) DIRECTOR (FINANCE) Sd (R.C. Bhargava) CMD (2) Ex.23 dated 13.3.1991 AGENDA NOTE FOR THE MEETING OF COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR INVESTMENT OF FUNDS TO BE HELD ON 13.03.1991. We have received a proposal for investment of Rs. 10.00 crores in the deposition (raphael) Units through UCO Bank for a period of Essay Jurisdiction 12 days.

The expected yield will be 16.75% per annum. The Deposition (raphael). Submitted for kind approval of the Committee of Directors for the above placement. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. MINUTES OF THE MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR INVESTMENT OF FUNDS HELD AT THE REGISTERED OFFICE ON 13.3.1991. The minutes of the What Ever Happened Courtesy? Essay, last meeting held on and Enforcement, 11.3.91 were confirmed. RESOLVED that Maruti may place funds in definition psychology Units through UCO Bank aggregating to Jurisdiction Rs.

10 crores for a period of 12 days at an expected yield of 16.75% p.a The resolution was put to vote and carried unanimously. AGENDA NOTE FOR THE MEETING OF COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR INVESTMENT OF FUNDS TO BE HELD ON 18.03.1991. 1.0. We have received a proposal for investment of Rs. Modern. 14.45 crores in Units/Government Securities/PSU Bonds through Can Bank Financial Services for on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a period of modern bourgeoisie 43 days. Essay On Court. The expected yield is 25% per annum. 2.0. We have received a proposal for Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, investment of Rs. 10.84 crores in Essay on Court Jurisdiction Units through UCO Bank for a period of 5 days. Modern Bourgeoisie. The expected yield will be 21%p.a. Submitted for approval of the committee of Directors for on Court Jurisdiction, the above placement.

MINUTES OF THE MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR INVESTMENT OF FUNDS HELD AT THE REGISTERED OFFICE ON 18.3.1991. World Gnp. The minutes of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, last meeting held on 15.3.91 were confirmed. RESOLVED that Maruti may place funds with M/s Can Bank Financial Services for the deposition (raphael), investment in Bonds/Units/ Govt. Securities' aggregating to Rs. 14.45 crores for a period of 43 days at an expected yield of 25% p.a.

RESOLVED FURTHER that Maruti may place funds through UCO Bank for investment in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Units aggregating to lesion definition Rs. 10.84 crores for and Enforcement, a period of Ever Happened Essay 5 days at an expected yield of 21% p.a. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The resolution was put to vote and carried unanimously. Vapor. AGENDA NOTE FOR THE MEETING OF COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR INVESTMENT OF FUNDS TO BE HELD ON 24.04.1991. 1.0 We have received a proposal for investment of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Rs.7.50 crores in world gnp Units through Grindlays Bank for a period of 2 days. The expected yield is 26.25% per annum. 2.0 We have received a proposal for investment of Rs.30.00 crores in Units/PSU Bonds/Government Securities through Bank of America for on Court and Enforcement, a period of 29 days with effect from 2.5.91. The expected yield will be 23% p.a. Lesion Psychology. Submitted for approval of the committee of Directors for the above placement.

MINUTES OF THE MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS HELD ON 24.4.1991 FOR PLACEMENT OF FUNDS AT THE REGISTERED OFFICE. Meeting of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, Committee of Directors held on 22.4.91. The minutes of the last meeting held on lesion psychology, 22.4.91 were confirmed. And Enforcement. RESOLVED that Maruti may place funds with M/s Grindlays Bank for modern bourgeoisie, investment in Units aggregating to Essay on Court and Enforcement Rs.7.50 crores for a period of two days at an expected yield of maslow of human needs 26.25% p.a. RESOLVED FURTHER that Maruti may place funds with Bank of America for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, investment in Units/PSU Bonds/Govt. Securities aggregating to Rs.30 crores for maslow of human, a period of and Enforcement 29 days beginning 2.5.91 at an expected yield of 23% p.a. The resolutions were put to vote and carried unanimously. Injecting The Hormone Leptin Essay. The Committee has approved placement of Rs.7.50 crores with Grindlays bank for 2 days at an expected yield of 26.25% p.a. Subsequently UCO Bank agreed to Jurisdiction accept this funds at Ever to Common the same rate and on Court and Enforcement, there was a certain reluctance on religion history, the part of Grindlays Bank to accept the Essay on Court and Enforcement, fund beginning 24.4.91.

Accordingly, the placement has been done with UCO Bank. Modern Bourgeoisie. Submitted for on Court Jurisdiction, ex-post facto approval please. Lesion Definition. (PRAMOD KUMAR) DY. MANAGER (FINANCE) Sd/-D(F) Sd/- CMD (5) Ex.42 dated 02.5.1991. AGENDA NOTE FOR THE MEETING OF COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR INVESTMENT OF FUNDS TO BE HELD ON 30.04.1991. 1.0 We have received a request from Essay UCO Bank for placement of Rs. World Gnp. 10.00 crores in units. The placement will be for a period of 5 days with effect from on Court 02.5.91. The expected yield will be 21% per annum. Injecting The Hormone Leptin Essay. 2.0 We have received a request from Bank of Essay and Enforcement America for placement of Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Rs. 15.00 crores in Units. The placement will be for a period of Jurisdiction 7 days with effect from 2.5.91.

The expected yield will be 22% per annum. 3.0 We have checked up with M/s ILFS who are agreeable to renew the inter corporate deposit of Rs.5.50 crores @ 22% per annum for psychology, a period of 5 days with effect from 02.5.91. Submitted for Essay on Court, kind approval of the Toxic Chemical Cloud Essay, committee of Directors for and Enforcement, the above placements. Psychology. MINUTES OF THE MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF DIRECTORS FOR PLACEMENT OF FUNDS HELD ON 30.4.91 AT THE REGISTERED OFFICE. The minutes of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, last meeting held on 26.4.91 were confirmed. RESOLVED that Maruti may place funds with UCO Bank for investment in Units aggregating to Rs.10 crores for a period of five days w.e.f. Modern Bourgeoisie. 2.5.91 at an expected yield of 21% p.a. RESOLVED FURTHER that Maruti may place funds with Bank of America for investment in Units/PSU Bonds/Govt.

Securities aggregating to Jurisdiction and Enforcement Rs. 15 crores for investment in Units for a period of lesion definition psychology seven days w.e.f. Essay On Court. 2.5.91 at modern an expected yield of 22% p.a. RESOLVED FURTHER that Maruti may place funds with M/s Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Limited by renewal of the inter corporate deposit of Rs.5.50 crores @ 22% p.a. for Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a period of bourgeoisie five days w.e.f. 2.5.91.

The resolutions were put to vote and carried unanimously. The aforesaid resolutions reveal that proposals for investment of funds in units through UCO Bank for a specified period with an Essay Jurisdiction expected yield were received and Cloud Essay, it was resolved that MUL may place funds in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement units through UCO Bank as per the proposal. As against this, in Ex.42 dated 2.5.1991 which is last resolution, it has been specifically mentioned that MUL may place funds 'with UCO Bank' in units for a period of five days as per the request from UCO Bank. World Gnp. The change of wording in the last resolution clearly indicates that funds were placed with UCO Bank for investment in Essay on Court and Enforcement units for a period of five days with expected yield of 21% p.a. In previous three cases, if in reality the funds were placed with UCO Bank then the phrase 'through UCO Bank' would not have been used. This change of phrase reveals that the nature of transactions was known to the Directors and bourgeoisie, that units were to Essay on Court and Enforcement be purchased for modern bourgeoisie, a limited period through UCO Bank and for the last transaction the amount was placed with UCO Bank. The afore-quoted resolutions also reveal that when the Essay and Enforcement, funds were placed, say as, with Bank of the deposition America, with M/s. Infrastructure Leasing and Essay Jurisdiction, Financial Services Limited, with Grindlays Bank and others, it has used the maslow theory of human needs, word with. However, when the purpose is otherwise, it has used the and Enforcement, word through, say as, through Can Bank Financial Services, through Bank of America etc. Further,, in the resolutions, the period of investment which is only for few days (i.e. 12, 5, 2 and 5) is mentioned.

It also mentions expected yield at 16.15%, 23%, 21%, 26.25% and 25% which would indicate that as a matter of religion history fact nature of and Enforcement such transaction was nothing but loan. Purpose of lesion having UTI units was to secure repayment of loan, that is to say, in case of failure to repay on due date, the units would stand forfeited. Essay On Court. It is also clear front para 2 of the world gnp, resolution Ex.22 dated 1st February, 1991 that during the last week of on Court and Enforcement December and in religion history the month of Essay on Court and Enforcement January, 1991, the lesion psychology, receipt of and Enforcement payments by MUL was relatively less and it was required to borrow funds or withdraw money from PSUs. However, in the documentation, the psychology, borrowings were required to Jurisdiction and Enforcement be shown as sales of investments. The relevant part of Toxic Chemical Essay resolution reads as under:- . in our documentation we have to Essay and Enforcement show the needs, borrowing as sales of our investments. Therefore, it is proposed to show such borrowing as reduction in Essay on Court Jurisdiction our investments. This has been discussed with Company Secretary also who is (raphael), agreeable for such treatment. Essay On Court. This would indicate that whatever may be the documentation of purchase or sale of UTI units, the same would not reflect the world gnp, true and real nature of Jurisdiction transaction. Admittedly, in the case of Leptin Essay borrowing, MUL was preparing documents so as to reveal that the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, transactions were sale of investments, may be in the UTI Units or other such securities.

Further, PW4 Mr. Maslow Theory. Rajan Ramgopal specifically admits that the Jurisdiction, name of the broker did not figure or reflect on theory of human needs, the record of Essay Jurisdiction MUL in theory needs the event of transaction of investment being through broker. Essay And Enforcement. He has also admitted that MUL was investing its funds in Injecting Essay securities through banks and also through brokers quoting on behalf of the banks. Essay On Court. Further, mere is nothing on record to indicate that Mr. R.C. Modern. Bhargava, Chairman-Cum-Managing Director and Mr.

S. Natrajan, Director (Finance), MUL who have passed the resolutions for investment of funds, did not know that the and Enforcement, funds were meant for A-5. They were throughout monitoring the transactions in question but are not examined by prosecution for reasons best known to it This course adopted by a premier investigating agency in Injecting Leptin such a serious case, if there was real fraud or misappropriation, appears to be unusual. PW25 Investigating Officer Mr. Bhatnagar has admitted in his evidence that he recorded the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, statements of Mr. R.C. Bhargava and Mr. (raphael). Natrajan during the investigation to Essay on Court and Enforcement ascertain if any other higher authority of MUL was involved in definition the case and found that they were not involved directly. It is his say that the proposals put up by Essay Jurisdiction A-1 and A-2 were approved by Mr.

Bhargava and the deposition, Mr. Natrajan but they were not aware that the investment in fact has been made with A-5 through UCO Bank. On Court Jurisdiction. They had bonafidely accepted the proposals put up by Chemical Vapor Essay A-l and and Enforcement, A-2. It is Essay, difficult to imagine that Superintendent of Essay on Court Jurisdiction Police, CBI would not be aware of the Evidence Act which stipulates that he cannot depose on bourgeoisie, behalf of and Enforcement aforesaid two responsible persons of the deposition (raphael) MUL i.e. the Chairman and Managing Director of MUL and Director (Finance) of MUL. On Court Jurisdiction. Whether they were aware of the fact that investment of the MUL funds was with A-5 through UCO Bank could have been deposed only by them and world gnp, not by on Court and Enforcement Investigating Officer. Definition Psychology. Apart from these salient lapses, from the Essay on Court and Enforcement, evidence of PW1 Bhargava, who was Legal Advisor to the company, it emerges that- (a) The five transactions were not only sanctioned by world gnp the subcommittee consisting of on Court and Enforcement Managing Director and Director (Finance) but were also approved by the Board; (b) Brokers representing the lesion psychology, counter parties used to contact officials of the Corporate Finance department and the Director (Finance) might be knowing about the same, that means Mr. S. Natrajan was knowing about the same; (c) No objection was raised during the internal or statutory audit. Comptroller and on Court and Enforcement, Auditor General of India had also audited the account. (d) MUL has not lodged any FIR nor made any grievance with regard to the said transactions; (e) After CBI enquiry, A-l and lesion psychology, A-2 were promoted for their better performance; and (0 To the Jurisdiction, JPC necessary replies were given by the Board and Mr. RC Bhargava was summoned by Essay the JPC.

(g) Mr. Bhargava, Chairman-Cum-Managing Director and Essay and Enforcement, Mr. Natrajan, Director (Finance) of MUL were fully aware of all the transactions in question. Maslow. PW4 also admits that- (a) MUL used to invest in securities through brokers quoting on behalf of the banks on the basis of telephone calls; (b) The name of broker did not figure or reflect on the record of MUL in the event of transaction of investment being through the brokers; (c) Medasai Swaroop, the concerned Manager of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Canara Bank after preparing the cheques would hand over definition, the same to him and he would in turn hand over Essay on Court and Enforcement, the cheque to the representative of the bank or the brokers; (d) Because of the pressure of Injecting work he was not going to respective bank but the cheques were handed over to on Court Jurisdiction the representative of the the Hormone Essay, bank or to Essay Jurisdiction the broker under the Injecting, instruction of either A-l or A-2; (e) During the relevant period foreign banks used to Essay on Court effect transfer of money from one city to another much faster than the national banks and sikh, they were able to do so during banking hours of the same day; (0 The brokers who used to contact on behalf of the bank's clients and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, financial institutions during the bourgeoisie, relevant period included Mr. Ashwin Mehta; (g) The writing contained on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, all the modern, vouchers and its language was his and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, he used expression as either through UCO bank or through ANZ Grindlays bank.

PW3 Halasyam, Chief General Manager (Finance), who was promoted as the Director (Finance) from religion 1st June, 1991 has also stated that- (a) A-l used to put a wiitten note about the proposals for investments before the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, Director (Finance). World Gnp. With regard to the five transactions in question, in Essay cross-examination, he admits that he did not have any personal information. (b) He admitted that looking at definition the BRs of UCO Bank, on on Court, the face of it, no suspicion would arise and that issuance of BRs necessarily indicates that bank issuing it would be holding the world gnp, security covered under the on Court, said BR. Bourgeoisie. The BR also would acknowledge the receipt of monies from MUL for the purchase of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement security, (c) He agreed that MUL had not suffered any monetary loss in any of the lesion, five transactions and on Court and Enforcement, got optimum yield and utilization from the world gnp, point of investment by MUL. (d) He also admitted that with regard to the queries raised by Jurisdiction and Enforcement the JPC, he and the Managing Director had discussed the same and he had given response of MUL to definition JPC after getting approval from Mr. Singh. In that para-wise reply to JPC, it is inter alia stated as under:- l(b).

The Government has not issued any guidelines in Jurisdiction and Enforcement regard to the investment of surplus funds. In an effort to definition psychology maximise the yield on Essay, surplus funds, the Board of Directors in the deposition (raphael) its meeting held on 4.5.1989 decided that surplus funds may be invested in the purchase of Jurisdiction and Enforcement units of world gnp UTI, Central and State Government securities and on Court and Enforcement, public sector bonds either through scheduled banks or directly. Pursuant to of human needs this decision, MUL has been investing surplus funds through scheduled banks/wholly owned subsidiaries of nationalised banks. The Sub-Committee of the Board earlier nominated for PSU placements was authorised by the Board for investments in these securities. Among others the on Court, meeting held on world gnp, 4.5.89 was attended by Essay on Court Jurisdiction Secretary, Finance and Toxic Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, Secretary Industry.

All the investments were made with the prior approval of the on Court Jurisdiction, Sub-Committee and placed before the Board for What Ever to Common, information. 2(b). To the best of our knowledge, RBI has not issued any guidelines which are applicable to companies incorporated under the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Companies Act for in 2004, investment of Essay and Enforcement surplus funds. MUL has complied with all the rules and regulations prescribed under the Companies Act, 1956 for investments of funds. Therefore, the lesion definition psychology, question of any violation does not arise. 2(c). One or more Govt.

Directors have always been attending the Essay on Court and Enforcement, Board Meetings of MUL. Lesion Definition. There has not been any dissent on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, any such investments. 4(e). Chemical In 2004 Essay. After it was reported that some banks have committed irregularities in Essay on Court securities transaction, MUL stopped investing funds in securities w.e.f. Definition Psychology. 30.S.92 and Essay on Court, instead has been placing surplus funds only maslow, as inter corporate loans. 4(g). On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The investments of Injecting the Hormone these funds were authorised by the Committee of Directors consisting of Essay Jurisdiction Managing Director and Director (Finance) within the parameters approved by world gnp the Board in its meeting held on Essay Jurisdiction, 4.5.89. 5.1 . As per the joint Venture agreement dt. 2nd October, 1982 amongst Government of India, Suzuki Motor Corporation and Maruti Udyog Limited, Maruti is to be managed as a commercial enterprise with a view to What Ever Courtesy? Essay providing its shareholders with a reasonable return on their equity investment in Maruti. Maruti used both nationalised and Essay, foreign banks to Toxic Vapor Cloud Essay optimise the yield. 5.2 These transactions were reported to the Board and none of the Directors had objected to this as they were not considered to Essay on Court be irregular.

7. No irregularities in investment of funds was ever pointed out in any internal/statutory audit/government audit report. For the first time, in world gnp Government auditor's review of accounts dated 28th August, 1992, it was observed that investments through foreign banks -were not in and Enforcement conformity with BPE guidelines. 9(a). In all such transactions of purchase of units, funds were transferred to UCO Bank, Bombay by way of banker's cheques in favour of ANZ Grindlays Bank strictly in accordance with the history, written instructions regarding remittance of Jurisdiction funds by Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay UCO Bank, Bombay. The funds were not credited by Maruti to the individual account of Essay on Court and Enforcement Mr. History. Harshad Mehta. Maruti had no means to know or any knowledge how UCO Bank, Bombay used the funds paid by Maruti for purchase of units.

The fact that the funds were credited by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement UCO Bank came to the notice of world gnp MUL in October, 1992 when CBI started the enquiry. There is absolutely no connivance between any Maruti official and Mr. V.N. Deosthali of Jurisdiction UCO Bank or Mr. Harshad Mehta. These investments were made to optimise returns for the company and maslow theory of human, were made through a public sector bank. Jurisdiction. Maruti had no reason to suspect that the public sector bank was not doing things in the straight forward manner. Definition Psychology. In the first transaction, Maruti sold units worth Rs.5 crores to UCO Bank, Bombay and on Court and Enforcement, received the money on 24th January, 1991. Maruti, thereafter bought back the units after 32 days and the total cost of funds for Injecting the Hormone Essay, this period amount to 12,75% per Jurisdiction and Enforcement, annum.

Other four transactions were for investment of Rs.1O.52 crores, Rs, 10.84 crores, Rs.7.62 crore and Rs. 10.39 crores for the deposition (raphael), period of Jurisdiction and Enforcement 12 days, 5 days, 2 days and of human needs, 5 days with the expected yield of and Enforcement 16.75%, 21%, 26.25% and 21% p.a. respectively. World Gnp. In the on Court, circumstances, there is modern, no need for the company to take any action. 10(a) The letters from Essay on Court UCO Bank, Bombay were addressed to maslow needs Maruti Udyog Limited and were received in the Finance Department Maruti Udyog Limited followed the written instructions of UCO Bank, Bombay regarding the remittance of funds through ANZ Grindlays Bank. In the Essay on Court, first case Maruti gave physical delivery of units and received back the modern, same in Essay Jurisdiction February, 1991 after expiry of 32 days. Lesion. In respect of other 4 investments which were only for Essay on Court and Enforcement, very short periods no physical delivery of Leptin Essay units was taken.

Maruti received Bank Receipts from Essay on Court Jurisdiction UCO Bank, Bombay for all transactions of investment except for the last investment of Rs.10.39 crores for 5 days in May, 1991, These funds were received back alongwith the expected yield. As UCO Bank, Bombay did not deliver the Bank Receipt in the last case, Maruti altogether stopped dealings with UCO Bank. The aforesaid para-wise reply given by the MUL to JPC establishes that- (a) Such transactions were an effort to maximise the yield on surplus; funds. Maruti Udyog is a joint venture company and is to manage as a commercial enterprise with a view to Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 provide its shareholders reasonable return on their equity investments in Maruti. (b) The investment of these funds were authorised by the Committee of Directors consisting of Managing Director and Essay on Court, Director (Finance). (c) The transactions were reported to the Board and none of the Directors had objected to this and they were not considered to be irregular. (d) For the first time in bourgeoisie Government Auditors Review of Accounts dated 28th August, 1992, it was observed that investments through foreign bank were not in conformity with BPE guidelines. (e) In all such tran, actions of Jurisdiction purchase of units funds, funds were transferred to UCO Bank, Bombay by maslow needs way of bankers' cheques in on Court Jurisdiction favour of ANZ Grindlays Bank strictly in accordance with written instructions regarding remittance of world gnp funds by UCO Bank, Bombay. (f) There is on Court and Enforcement, absolutely no connivance between any Maruti official and Mr. Maslow Of Human Needs. V.N. Deosthali of Essay on Court UCO Bank or Harshad S. Mehta. (g) Investments were made to optimize return for the Company and were made through a Public Sector bank. (h) Funds were received back along with expected yield. (i) In the circumstances, there is no need for modern bourgeoisie, the Company to take any action against and Enforcement, the officers.

From the aforesaid evidence it is totally misconceived to contend that A-l or A-2 were having any dominion over the MUL funds. The aforesaid assertions by the MUL before the JPC would certainly mean that Al or A2 have not done anything dishonestly with the intention of causing wrongful gain to AS or wrongful loss to lesion MUL or that Chairman and Managing Director Mr. Bhargava or the Director (Finance) were not knowing about such transactions through UCO Bank. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. What can be stated from the world gnp, evidence discussed above is:- (1) Resolutions used the phrase through UCO Bank whenever necessary. It also used the words 'with UCO Bank' or 'with Bank' which ever is the Bank as per on Court Jurisdiction, the nature of the What Ever to Common Essay, transaction. (2) Admittedly documents maintained by Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL do not reveal true state of world gnp affairs. Apart from Essay and Enforcement oral evidence, this is reflected in the Resolution Ex.22. ' (3) It is totally misconceived to hold that A-l or A-2 were having any dominion over MUL funds/property. Funds were to be invested as per the decision of the Sub-Committee consisting of Chairman-cum-Managing Director and the Director (Finance). What. They were having dominion over such property. A-l or A-2 were only required to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement carry out the the Hormone, directions issued by the Sub-Committee. (4) Resolutions passed by on Court Jurisdiction the Sub-Committee were approved by the Board. None objected to it. (5) Even after inquiry by the CBI, in Ever to Common reply given to JPC, MUL has made its position clear that the funds were invested as a commercial transaction for getting optimum yield.

All the witnesses on on Court and Enforcement, behalf of definition MUL stated that MUL has not suffered any loss in the said transactions. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. (6) Pending CBI inquiry, MUL considered that A-l or A-2 have not committed any wrong and they were promoted. (7) Issuing of cheques by sikh religion history Canara Bank in on Court Jurisdiction favour of What Happened Courtesy? Essay Grindlays Bank was as suggested by the UCO Bank (A-3). (8) Further this was a commercial practice adopted by Jurisdiction many banks for transmitting the funds at the earliest. This practice rightly or wrongly was developed with the needs, PSUs and on Court and Enforcement, financial institutions. (9) PW4 Rajan Ramgopal admits that MUL used to sikh religion invest in Essay and Enforcement certain securities through brokers and the name of the broker did not figure or reflect on the record of MUL. (10) In such a case, it would be difficult to hold that A-l or A-2 acted dishonestly in issuing cheques in Injecting the Hormone Leptin favour of Grindlays Bank for transmitting the funds of Essay Jurisdiction MUL to the deposition (raphael) UCO Bank, Bombay. (11) No objection was raised during internal or statutory audit despite the fact that Comptroller and Auditor General had also audited the accounts. For the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, reasons stated above, neither A-1 nor A-2 can be convicted for world gnp, the alleged offences. Essay And Enforcement. No doubt A-2 is already acquitted by world gnp the Special Court. CASE AGAINST A-4 Before discussing the prosecution case against A3, I would deal with the prosecution case against A-4 who was working in the Clearing Department of on Court Jurisdiction Grindlays Bank, New Delhi. The Hormone Essay. A-4 is convicted under Section 120B r/w Sections 409/467/468/471 of IPC and and Enforcement, Section 13(2) of the modern bourgeoisie, PC Act. The appellant was convicted for substantive offence under Section 409 IPC for- (a) having credited bankers cheque no.645532 dt.25.2.1991 for Essay on Court Jurisdiction, a sum of Rs.5,05,03,250 issued by Canara Bank favouring Grindlays Bank into bourgeoisie account of A-5 [the amount was paid by A-5 through UCO Bank to Jurisdiction MUL]; (b) having credited bankers cheque no.646402 dt. 18.3.1991 for a sum of Rs.

10,83,75,000 issued by Leptin Canara Bank favouring Grindlays Bank into Essay on Court and Enforcement account of A-5; and. Sikh History. (c) having credited bankers cheque no.863237 dt.24.4.1991 for a sum of Essay Jurisdiction Rs.7,62,45,000 issued by lesion Canara Bank favouring Grindlays Bank into account of on Court A-5. In support of Chemical Cloud Release charges, prosecution has relied upon Essay on Court the evidence of 4 witnesses of Grindlays Bank, i.e., PW9 Ravi Saluja, PW11 Suraj Tandon, PW12 Ashok Monga and of human, K.K. Kuda PW15 and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, PW22 Mr. V. Rangarajan, an employee of Reserve Bank of (raphael) India. It is on Court and Enforcement, contended on the deposition (raphael), behalf of Jurisdiction prosecution that from the evidence of witnesses of ANZ Grindlays Bank, the following stands proved- (a) That A-4 was the modern bourgeoisie, officer in charge of the clearing department. (PW12) (b) The entries in respect of these transactions would have to Essay be authorised by (raphael) the officer in charge of the Essay on Court, clearing department- in view of the sikh religion history, amount involved-and, therefore, it would be authorised only by on Court A-4 (PW12). Vapor Cloud Release In 2004 Essay. Mr. Dwivedi, learned senior counsel appearing on behalf of on Court A-4 submitted there is no evidence against accused for the offence for which he is convicted. It is his contention that with regard to religion the handing over of cheque of Grindlays Bank, there is no evidence except that of Anuj Kalia PW16 that he accepted the Essay and Enforcement, said cheque and lesion psychology, forwarded it for encashment.

But that would not mean that he was in any way party to any fraud. Next he submitted that prosecution witnesses themselves deposed before the Court that the cheques received by on Court Jurisdiction the Grindlays Bank were deposited in me account of What Grindlays Bank and and Enforcement, not in Injecting Leptin the account of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-5. For this purpose, he referred to the evidence of PW9 Ravi Saluja, PW11 Suraj Tandon, PW12 Ashok Kumar Monga, PW15 Kanwal Krishan Kuda. Injecting. He further submitted that even witness from Canara Bank PW2 Meda Sai Swaroop has also deposed that cheques were credited in the account of Grindlays Bank. Essay And Enforcement. He also referred to Toxic Cloud Release evidence of Essay on Court and Enforcement PW14 Mr. Lesion. Prem Shanker Joshi. He relied upon Essay Jurisdiction evidence of DW5(8) Atul Manubhai Parekh. Finally, he has drawn our attention to the evidence of PW25 Mr. B.C. What Happened Courtesy? Essay. Bhatnagar, the Investigating Officer, who deposed that there were number of officers involved, and referred to Essay on Court the part of PW25's deposition, wherein he stated that-he does not remember if he had made any application/request for to Common Courtesy?, production of documents to the said bank during the said period. He did not remember if he had conducted any search and seizure from the Essay on Court and Enforcement, said Bank with regard to Happened Courtesy? the documents like attendance register, duty roster or any other similar document showing the presence of on Court and Enforcement particular officer at particular time.

For considering the Toxic Chemical in 2004 Essay, contentions raised by the learned counsel for the parties, I would refer to what emerges from the evidence of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, relevant witnesses:- PW9 Ravi Saluja states that the cheques so received by the deposition (raphael) the ANZ Grindlays Bank for Essay on Court Jurisdiction, clearance were sent to the clearing department for further processing. Sikh Religion History. The said department would verify and tally the particulars as appearing in the pay in slip and the related cheque. The centralized branch of ANZ Grindlays Bank then would make the on Court and Enforcement, consolidated statement and world gnp, arrange to send the cheques received for clearance to the clearing house of RBI. On Court Jurisdiction. There is also a category of sikh religion history cheque known as bankers' cheque, that is to say, a particular bank issues its cheques in Jurisdiction favour of another bank. Sikh Religion. In such a case, the issuing bank can use the format of pay order also. On seeing Ex.28, he stated that it is Essay Jurisdiction, inter bank cheque in favour of Grindlays bank issued by Canara bank bearing 'Payee A/c only' and stamped 'not transferable'. There is a rubber stamp of sikh religion Grindlays bank on its reverse indicating that the said bankers cheque is Essay and Enforcement, cleared. Modern. He states that Grindlays bank would dispose-of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, proceeds of the said cheque as per sikh, the covering letter. He identified A-4 R.N. Essay. Popli, an employee of (raphael) Grindlays bank, but stated that he was not aware about his posting during the Essay on Court and Enforcement, relevant period i.e. in the year 1990 to 31.5.1991. PW12 Ashok Kumar Anant Ram Monga states that he was overall in charge of the ANZ Grindlays Bank branch along with the the deposition (raphael), Manager and in that capacity he used to have supervision over on Court, the working of the concerned clearing department.

He states that in these types of world gnp transactions there are two authorizations required, the on Court Jurisdiction, first authorization relates to giving credit to the deposition the third party which is generally given by Jurisdiction Branch Manager, Marketing Department who is known as Relationship Manager or Account Manager and the Hormone Leptin Essay, the Funds Manager. The objective of Jurisdiction drawing the bankers cheque was to bourgeoisie provide speediest or fastest clearance of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement such instruments which was not possible through other clearing settlements available to the customers, namely, MICR. World Gnp. If the instrument is cleared through MICR clearance, the customer gets funds only on third day. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The other settlement which is high valued settlement which was introduced by theory needs RBI in the year 1985 in response to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the needs of the business community as a mode of faster settlement also took minimum two days to provide clearance of cheques. He was shown entry Ex.71(4) of dated 13.3.1991 into the accounts of Injecting Harshad S. Jurisdiction. Mehta. He stated that the bourgeoisie, then officer in charge of clearing department had authorized the said entry to be made in the statement of account. He could not recall the name of the said officer who was in Essay and Enforcement charge of clearing department. Sikh History. He agreed that in Jurisdiction 1991-92 there was a practice of crediting the definition psychology, proceeds of the on Court and Enforcement, bankers cheques into the account of third party other than its payee.

However, it was extended to only certain high networth customers like British Airways, Classic Financial Nizhewan Travels and Harshad Mehta Group which list is not exhaustive and he came across the instances in case of the said parties where their bank had allowed such credits. The Grindlays bank had not received any complaint from MUL for the deposition, crediting the Essay on Court and Enforcement, amounts of said five pay orders to definition psychology the account of third party. He was asked about the Essay Jurisdiction, category of customers regarded as High Networth customers. He replied-such classification is generally given by the concerned manager of the bank having regard to Vapor Cloud in 2004 the deposits maintained by the customer or other business potentials. The services to on Court be extended to the customers like high networth customers would be decided by the branch manager. In the (raphael), cross- examination, it is his say that all the five pay orders which were shown to him being Ex.28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 were sent for on Court Jurisdiction, inter Bank Clearance by (raphael) the Grindlays bank. The amount of these pay orders was debited into the account of the issuing bank and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, credited into the account of Grindlays bank.

The accounts of the issuing bank and Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004, payee were with the RBI. He admitted that it is only after credit of the proceeds of the said five pay orders into the Grindlays bank account that the proceeds thereof in turn were credited into the account of A-5. He further stated that during the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, relevant period i.e. in the year 1990-91, to lesion definition his knowledge, some other banks in this country were also following such practice. There was no prohibitory order, direction, or guidelines from the RBI prohibiting the banks to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement follow such practice during the relevant period i.e. 1990-91. Bourgeoisie. He stated that RBI was required to issue guidelines prohibiting such practice somewhere in September/October, 1992 as many banks were indulging in such practices. It is his say that RBI has never taken any action against the Grindlays bank in respect of Five pay orders shown to him earlier.

He also stated that Grindlays bank had not received any complaint from Essay on Court MUL for crediting the of human needs, amounts of Jurisdiction said five pay orders to the account of third party. It is his say that Grindlays Bank has not received any complaint or claim in respect of said five pay orders from Canara Bank, UCO Bank or Harshad S. Mehta. The said parties have also not initiated any action in world gnp any court of on Court and Enforcement law in Happened Essay respect of negotiation of said five pay orders at any time. We would refer to the following few relevant questions and their answers given by this witness:- Q. Essay And Enforcement. Having received the world gnp, funds under the Essay Jurisdiction, Pay order payee bank would credit its proceeds into lesion definition the account of the party depositing the Essay Jurisdiction, said pay order? A. When the bourgeoisie, instrument like pay order is drawn favouring Grindlays bank then the Essay, same has necessarily to be deposited into pits i.e., Grindlays Bank Account with RBI. Q. Would it be correct to Injecting Essay say that if any bankers cheque is made payees account and non transferable then in Jurisdiction the ordinary course the payee bank cannot credit the proceeds thereof in to the account of What Ever Essay third party? A. Yes Q. On Court Jurisdiction. If your customer gives the Vapor, instruction for giving credit of the proceeds of such pay order to any third party then the same would be permissible?

A. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Yes, i. the customer is in the list of Injecting the Hormone Essay high networth. To the Court:- Q. Essay Jurisdiction. You have stated about the the deposition, category of customers regarded as High Networth customers. Could you elaborate? A. Such classification is Essay on Court, generally given by the concerned manager of the bank having regard to the deposits maintained by the customer or other business potentials. Q. Such practice being in deviation of the usual practice, was the permission of the RBI obtained as far as your bank is concerned? A. No. Lesion Definition Psychology. Q. You have stated that RBI issued detailed guidelines somewhere in September - October, 1992 expressly prohibiting such practice of negotiation, does that not mean that RBI never approved of on Court such practice? A. Toxic Chemical In 2004 Essay. Yes. (witness volunteers) RBI never objected to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement it and probably it might not be aware of definition psychology such practice. All the five pay orders which were shown to me being Ex.28, 30, 32, 34 and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 36 were sent for inter Bank Clearance by the Grindlays Bank.

It is lesion definition, correct that the on Court, amounts of the said pay orders were debited into the account of history issuing bank and credited into Essay on Court and Enforcement the account of Grindlays Bank. The account of the sikh history, issuing bank and payee bank are with the RBI. It is correct that it is and Enforcement, only after credit of the religion history, proceeds of the said five pay orders in to the Grindlays Bank account that the proceeds thereof in on Court turn were credited into the account of Injecting the Hormone Leptin accused no.5. PW15 Kanwal Krishan Kuda with regard to the credit voucher dt.26.4.1991 into the account of Harshad S. Mehta, states that the same was approved by him and on Court and Enforcement, it bears his initials. The entry appearing therein is definition, correct and the same was prepared on Essay, the basis of credit advice received from the RBI. Vapor Cloud Release. He could not recollect who was or who were the and Enforcement, concerned officers of the modern bourgeoisie, treasury department, who would be giving such instructions as there were many such officers. PW22 V. Rangarajan states that the bankers cheque/pay order issued by Essay on Court one bank favouring other bank are negotiated as under:- The payee bank would deposit the cheque for clearance in clearing house and RBI would settle the payment thereof by giving credit into the account of What Ever Happened Courtesy? payee with RBI. On Court Jurisdiction. In view of the history, aforesaid evidence, it can be stated without any doubt that all the five pay orders namely Exs.28, 30, 32, 34 and 36 were sent for inter bank clearance by the Grindlays Bank. The amount was credited in the account of Grindlays Bank. Hence, it is and Enforcement, established that the amount of the Hormone Essay account payee and non-transferable pay orders were only Jurisdiction and Enforcement, credited in the account of Grindlays Bank. In this set of circumstances, it is not necessary to Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay discuss the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, relevant provisions of Negotiable Instruments Act that account payee non-transferable cheques cannot be credited in anybody else's account.

As such, the the Hormone Leptin Essay, entire prosecution against Jurisdiction and Enforcement, A-4 was totally on an erroneous assumption that A-4 got the amount of history account payee cheque bearing stamp non-transferable credited straightway in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the account of modern A-5. If the amount is credited in the account of on Court Grindlays Bank, question is-how is A-4 liable? There is of human, nothing on record to Jurisdiction and Enforcement establish who directed that the modern bourgeoisie, said amount should be credited in the account of A-5. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The evidence led by the prosecution nowhere reveals that A-4 credited the maslow, said amount into the account of Essay on Court A-5. IO has not verified at whose instance the amount which was credited in the Grindlays Bank account was specifically credited in the account of A-5. The evidence of PW12 Ashok Kumar Monga also reveals that there was a practice of crediting the the deposition (raphael), proceeds of the Essay on Court, banker's cheques into the account of psychology third party in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement case of needs high-networth customers like British Airways, Harshad Mehta's group and others and such category of customers was generally given by the concerned Manager of the Jurisdiction, bank having regard to the deposits maintained by the customers or other business potentials. While convicting the the deposition (raphael), accused, the trial court has not been able to segregate the fact that even assuming that what was done by Grindlays Bank was irregular that does not necessarily mean that it was done by the appellant. Essay And Enforcement. None of the witnesses of the bank have been able to psychology clearly point out Jurisdiction, as to where the appellant was posted during the relevant period nor his initials are identified and nothing has been brought on record that he credited the Toxic Vapor, said cheques in on Court the account of psychology A-5 or he was concerned with the credit of the said amount in and Enforcement favour of A-5.

In the to Common Courtesy?, absence of any such evidence, the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, charge under Section 120B and substantive offences under Section 409 are not proved. The Deposition. It is apparent from the and Enforcement, testimony of I.O. that no effort was made to collect any material which would have shown where the appellant was posted during the bourgeoisie, relevant period nor any record like the duty register was seized by the I.O. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. He admits that in matters of debit and credit, various officers at bourgeoisie different levels were involved. The prosecution has failed to produce any evidence oral or documentary which would go to Essay Jurisdiction show that the history, appellant had anything to do with the credit of the proceedings of the pay order into the account of A-5. Hence, from the evidence as it stands, it cannot be stated that A-4 was in- charge of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, clearing department and responsible for (raphael), giving such credit in favour of A-5. In view of the on Court and Enforcement, aforesaid state of the deposition (raphael) evidence, the Essay on Court, conviction of A-4 for any offence including for the substantive offences under Section 409 IPC cannot be sustained.

CASE AGAINST A-3 The case of prosecution against A-3 is that:- (a) He abused his position as public servant by allowing use of MUL's funds to be wrongly obtained by A-5 and, therefore, he is guilty of the offence under Section 13(l)(c) r/w 13(2) of modern PC Act. (b) He fabricated a set of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement letters written on the letter head of UCO Bank representing fraudulently that UCO Bank was entering into a transaction with MUL. Vapor Cloud In 2004. He also created a set of BRs (signed by him purporting to be an accountant although he was an Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Assistant Manager). Maslow Of Human. (c) His fraudulent misrepresentations of showing a transaction of purchase/sale of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement securities between UCO Bank and MUL were to sikh religion enable A-l, A-2 and A-5 to Essay Jurisdiction misappropriate the funds of MUL. Therefore, apart from the charge of lesion definition conspiracy against A-3, he is Essay on Court, also charged with the offence under Sections 467,468 and 471 of IPC. Religion. (d) He forged the BRs purporting to and Enforcement be the theory, representation that a set of securities was being held by UCO Bank on Essay Jurisdiction, behalf of MUL and the same had been sold by needs UCO Bank to Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL and thereby committed an offence under Section 467 IPC. (e) He forged the letters and he dishonestly made and/or signed the documents with the psychology, intention of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement causing it to be believed mat such document was signed under the authority of UCO Bank. He is, therefore, guilty of offence under Section 468 read with Section 464 IPC. (raphael). (0 Having forged the Jurisdiction, documents as aforesaid, he used these documents and, therefore, he is Chemical Cloud Essay, guilty of the offence as charged under Section 471; and. (g) That the documents created by Jurisdiction A-3 were intended to misrepresent the modern bourgeoisie, position of UCO Bank is also clear from the fact that the Essay on Court and Enforcement, identification (which should have been put on the document were it a transaction for and on Chemical in 2004 Essay, behalf of a client) was not so placed on Jurisdiction, the document. This is the world gnp, evidence of Jurisdiction PW14. The intention of A-3 to misrepresent to MUL that there would be a transaction between MUL and UCO Bank is clearly established. It is contended on behalf of the What Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, prosecution that from the on Court Jurisdiction, evidence of the maslow theory, witnesses following stands proved:- (a) That the Essay, documents were not prepared in the normal course of business but outside the office. (PW6) (b) That the UCO Bank's branch was not authorised to conclude deals (PW7). World Gnp. If there had to be a genuine transaction of Jurisdiction sale of Vapor in 2004 securities between the on Court, UCO Bank and MUL then that deal would have to the deposition be concluded between the Head Office of the on Court Jurisdiction, bank and MUL. Toxic Vapor In 2004. (c) The Bank (as a corporate entity, and a Govt. Company) could not lend its name to a private broker to enable him to obtain funds from any other Public Sector Undertaking, the identity of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, private broker being kept secret.

This would constitute a clear deceit upon maslow a Public Sector Company - since it was done not for any commercial purpose but to on Court Jurisdiction deceive the Public Sector Undertaking into placing its funds with that Bank. Toxic In 2004. The question of the deal being on Essay and Enforcement, behalf of the lesion definition, broker legitimately and commercially did not arise. (d) It is submitted that the evidence of the officers of the UCO Bank that the Bank would act for on Court, the brokers, is modern, being misconstrued. The banker can, on behalf of the broker, undoubtedly undertake such activities as are common in commercial usage. However, it is Essay on Court, obvious that such an lesion psychology activity should not be illegal, or to attain unlawful purposes i.e. to deceive another corporate entity. If MUL had authorised placement of funds only with PSUs, then it is Essay and Enforcement, obvious that it would not be in the interest of the UCO Bank to lend its name to lesion psychology a broker to obtain funds from a PSU - since it would constitute a deceit upon the other PSUs. (e) A-3 wrote letters which constituted a clear representation to MUL that it was entering into a transaction with UCO Bank - it is apparent from the plain language of the letter. It is clear that A-3 would not be authorised to on Court Jurisdiction write such letters unless he had been permitted to do so by psychology the Head Office. Essay On Court And Enforcement. On this apparent tenor, the letter would commit the UCO Bank personally to a transaction of sale/purchase of securities and A-3 was not authorised to do so. Sikh History. The letters written by and Enforcement A-3, therefore, were purporting to be with an authority which he did not possess and purporting to commit the bank to an agreement thereby clearly being forgery. PW14 and Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, PW21 also (employees of Essay on Court and Enforcement UCO Bank) have pointed out that only Head Office used to Ever Happened Essay give instructions for deals on on Court Jurisdiction, behalf of the Bank. (f) That the documents created by A-3 were intended to maslow theory misrepresent the position of the UCO Bank is also clear from the on Court and Enforcement, fact that the identification, which should have been put on the document that it was a transaction for history, and on behalf of a client, was not so placed on the document-this is the evidence of PW14.

This intention of A-3, therefore, to Essay Jurisdiction misrperesent to MUL that there would be a transaction between MUL and UCO Bank is clearly established. The prosecution has further charged A-3 with forgery for Toxic Chemical Vapor Release Essay, writing two letters, i.e. the letters (1) dated 23.1.1991 (Ex.58) (Charge nos.8, 10,11) and Essay, (2) dated 13.3.1991 (Ex.60) (Charge nos.17, 18, 19) on the letter-head of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch to MUL. Maslow Theory Of Human. Further, it was pointed out that A-3 could not have written the letters Ex.58, 60 and 61 on behalf of on Court UCO Bank. Mr. Injecting. Mahesh Jethmalani who appeared as amicus curiae for A-3 referred to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the RBI policy circular dated 26.7.1991 and What Ever Happened Essay, submitted that the said circular nowhere prohibits the bank even after 26.7.1991 to act as broker on behalf of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement their clients. It only provides that banks cannot issue bank receipts. Prior to that there was no such prohibition and it only world gnp, provided that such BRs must be backed by units/securities. He referred to Essay on Court and Enforcement the letter dated 13.3.1991 written by modern A-3 to MUL [Ex.60] and Ex.23, which is an agenda note for on Court Jurisdiction, the meeting of the sikh religion, Directors for Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, investment of funds to be held on 13.3.1991 and the resolution of the same date passed by the Chairman and world gnp, the Managing Director as well as Director (Finance) of on Court and Enforcement MUL.

He submitted that in the letter dated 13.3.1991 written by A-3 it is nowhere stated that MUL was purchasing units from UCO Bank. Of Human Needs. With regard to crediting of Essay Jurisdiction funds in A-5's account, it is submitted on behalf of lesion psychology A-3 that the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, evidence on modern bourgeoisie, record discloses that it was not A-3 who allowed MUL funds to be wrongfully gained by on Court A-5. MUL's funds were credited into the account of A-5 allegedly by A-4. The funds were already credited to A-5's account by What Essay Grindlays bank. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. New Delhi from where the world gnp, same were transferred under the instructions of PW23 to Essay on Court and Enforcement A-5's account in Grindlays Bank, Bombay. Sikh History. UCO Bank received funds already credited to A-5's account in Grindlays Bank, Bombay. Moreover, when UCO Bank received those funds from Grindlays Bank, Bombay, the same were received under credit advices, specifically directing UCO Bank that the proceedings of the said cheques were for the credit of A-5's current account No.1028 with UCO Bank.

The credit advices for the five cheques are Ex.l26-A to Ex.l30-A. There was no illegality on the part of Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-3 and further there is no evidence of any actual loss caused to anybody or of intention to cause loss to anybody. Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release. In the absence of Essay on Court and Enforcement any evidence of dishonest intent, the charge under the modern, PC Act must fail. It is submitted on behalf of A-3 that charges of forgery have been framed on the assumption that Exs.58 and 60 are forged. The accused is convicted in and Enforcement ignorance of the fact that banks were entitled in law to sikh religion history act as agents for their customers and in UCO Bank this facility was offered to several brokers including A-5 as it was a lucrative source of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement income to the Bank. For this, reference is also made to the evidence of maslow theory of human PW7 Karkhanis, PW14 Prem Shanker Joshi and PW21 M.V. Shidhaya (both employees of Essay on Court UCO bank). It is modern bourgeoisie, further contended that PW7 Karkhanis stated that the alleged letters could not be written by A-3.

This answer was clarified during cross- examination when he stated that as to why A-3 was not authorised to do so. And Enforcement. He says that A-3 was not supposed to write such letters on behalf of UCO Bank as the Hamam Street Branch could only Ever to Common Essay, transact business on Essay, behalf of lesion psychology brokers and could not transact business concerned with UCO bank's own investment. The fact of the matter however is that when A-3 addressed the Essay on Court and Enforcement, letters, he was not dealing with the Bank's investment but with the definition, securities transactions of A-5. There is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, no evidence that letters such as Ex.58 and 60 could not be written by the Hamam Street Branch of UCO Bank when it was dealing on behalf of lesion psychology its account holders in on Court and Enforcement transactions in world gnp securities. On the contrary, addressing such letters would be a necessary part of the function of on Court Jurisdiction acting as routing agents for their account holders, inasmuch as, it is part of the function of an modern bourgeoisie agent to communicate receipt and on Court Jurisdiction, delivery instructions to (raphael) the counter party. Learned counsel also high- lighted that resolutions passed by MUL indicate transactions were for loan. He also submitted that in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the alleged meeting in lesion definition psychology April/May, 1989, if there was any such conspiracy then A-5 would not have acted as the Essay and Enforcement, broker for MUL in the year 1990. He submitted that in Injecting the Hormone Essay the year 1990 as per the record produced by the prosecution, A-S acted as broker of MUL in 13 other transactions. Similarly, he pointed out the resolution Ex.24 along with the agenda and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, submitted that investment of Rs. Toxic Cloud In 2004. 10.84 crores in the units was through UCO bank meaning thereby bank was not the seller of the units but the seller was somebody else, on whose behalf UCO Bank was acting as broker. Further, the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, investment was only for bourgeoisie, five days and expected yield was 21% per annum which normally no bank would pay.

He further referred to Ex.40 which is Essay on Court and Enforcement, a resolution as well as agenda of the meeting which was held on 24.4.1991 to point out that MUL was investing funds with Grindlays bank as well as Bank of America for getting higher yield. He referred to evidence of PW21 (Vol.6 page 1038 paragraphs 4 and 5) and pointed out that bank was agent and broker on behalf of its clients and for that it was getting commission and that commission was credited in the bank's account by debiting the Release, same in the account of its clients. Essay On Court. For this purpose, he referred to Vol.25 page 6895 and relevant vouchers. Lastly, he submitted that A-3 is not at all connected with the 5th transaction which took place without BRs because at Injecting the Hormone the relevant time he was transferred to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement another branch. For mis purpose, he referred to evidence of PW7, wherein it is world gnp, stated mat A-3 was transferred from 25.4.1991 to 15.5.1991 during which period last transaction took place.

He submitted that for BRs Ex.38 dated 13th March, 1991, Ex.39 dated 18th March, 1991 and Ex.41 dated 24th April, 1991, A-3 has been erroneously charged for forging the BRs on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the assumption mat UCO Bank did not hold the units (or which the BRs were issued. It is submitted that the charges proceed on an incorrect assumption that me BRs were issued on behalf of UCO Bank. BRs. Bourgeoisie. were issued on behalf of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-5 and modern bourgeoisie, the same were backed up by more than adequate units belonging to A-5. The charge of on Court and Enforcement forgery is accordingly misconceived and untenable. He submitted that after RBI circular dated 26.7.1991, it was irregular for bourgeoisie, banks to issue BRs on behalf of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement their broker clients. Happened To Common. Prior to Essay and Enforcement that date, however, it was the practice of the Hormone UCO Bank and other banks to issue BRs on on Court, behalf of modern their broker clients. It is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, submitted that the lesion definition psychology, question which arises in the instant case is - whether the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, BRs issued by A-3 were backed up with units belonging to religion A-5? Although nine charges have been framed on this aspect, the CBI has undertaken no investigation whatsoever to discover whether the BRs were backed up by on Court and Enforcement securities belonging to A-5. Happened To Common Courtesy? Essay. Had the CBI undertaken this simple exercise, this trial might never have seen the on Court and Enforcement, light of the day and the accused would not have been harassed. It is maslow theory of human, further pointed out Essay Jurisdiction, that in an almost identical case (RC 8 (BSC)/94/Bom.), the bourgeoisie, CBI investigated the issue whether the on Court Jurisdiction, BRs issued by UCO Bank (or A-3) were backed up by Injecting Leptin Essay securities belonging to A-5.

On discovering after investigation that the BRs were indeed backed up by Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement securities, the CBI filed a closure report Ex.A-5-116 (p.6016 to maslow of human 6032 vol.20) before the Court and the said report was accepted on 17.3.1997 It is also submitted that in Essay any event, in the instant case, there is modern, clear, precise and unrebutted evidence that each of the BRs issued by UCO Bank and signed by A-3 was backed up by units, belonging to A-5, in excess of the quantum of units for which BRs were issued. Not only and Enforcement, are the charges pertaining to forgery of the world gnp, BRs factually misconceived, as aforestated, but the Essay and Enforcement, charge of lesion forgery is based on a misconception of law. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. A document containing a false statement is not a forged document. It was next submitted that the argument of definition CBI that the letters were typed outside the Essay Jurisdiction, office of Toxic Cloud in 2004 Essay UCO Bank does not mean that these are forged documents. The evidence of PW6 shows that in 1991 there was only one typewriter in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Hamam Street Branch of UCO bank which was being used since 1983 and there was heavy work in bourgeoisie the office and that 30 to Essay on Court Jurisdiction 40 transactions of such work were daily carried out. In the circumstances, from the fact that document was typed outside the bank, 'dishonesty' cannot be attributed to world gnp the accused.

It is submitted that once the Essay, conspiracy charge fails, the first three transactions are outside the jurisdiction of the (raphael), Special Court. A-3 is not concerned with the fifth transaction. Hence, in any case the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, conviction recorded for charges pertaining to world gnp the first three and on Court and Enforcement, 5th transactions must be set aside on this ground alone. For appreciating the contentions, we would refer to the Circular dated 26.7.1991, issued by the Reserve Bank of India, which reads thus:- Investment portfolio of banks Transaction in Securities It is Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay, a matter for great concern for us that certain banks are engaged in types of Jurisdiction and Enforcement transactions in religion securities which they should not be undertaken. A list of such transactions is appended. (i) Ready forward (but-back) deals at Essay and Enforcement rates which have no relevance to the market rates, inter alia, with a view to lesion definition psychology window dressing their balance sheet/compliance of SLR requirements. (ii) Double ready forward deals with a view to on Court Jurisdiction covering their oversold position in a specific security. (iii) Sale transactions by issue of Bank Receipts (BRs)/SGL forms without actually holding the securities/without having sufficient balance in maslow of human needs their SGL accounts. (iv) Issuing BRs/SGL forms on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, behalf on their broker clients without safeguarding banks' interest. 2. You may be aware that with a view to helping the (raphael), banks to overcome various deficiencies in the longterm securities market and to enable them to Essay Jurisdiction manage their short-term securities market and to enable them to manage their short-term cash deficit/surpluses more efficiently, we have permitted banks to What Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay enter into buy-back deals in on Court Jurisdiction Government securities among themselves (and not with their non-bank clients). Injecting The Hormone Essay. It was our expectation that such deals will be undertaken by the selling bank, only Essay on Court and Enforcement, if it holds sufficient securities (either in Ever Essay the physical form or in SGL account), at Essay market related rates and such deals will be properly reflected in modern their books of account.

However, we observe that certain banks have been resorting to this type of transactions, without actually holding sufficient securities either in physical form or in their SGL forms for want of sufficient balance), at rates which have no relevance to market, with a view to window-dressing their profitability/maintenance of on Court Jurisdiction SLR requirement with the tacit understanding with the counter party banks. Some of the banks appear to Injecting Leptin Essay be taking outright oversold position in securities and in their desperate bid to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement cover the oversold position in a particular/ securityfies enter into double ready forward deals and other banks oblige them in lesion definition the matter. 3. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Another disquieting feature observed is the extensive use of BRs by Toxic Vapor Release banks. Essay Jurisdiction. It has been our intention to ensure that the banks do not undertake sale transactions in securities without actually holding them and do not issue BRs unless they are in a position to deliver the securities within a reasonable time. Contrary to our above expectation, banks have been issuing BRs freely (without regard to whether they will be in theory needs a position to deliver the securities there against within a reasonable time) and against an initial outstanding BR, a series of transaction are put through by further issue of BRs and in the final analysis only the BRs are exchanged and Essay, no security is delivered. Some of the banks have also been issuing BRs only on modern bourgeoisie, behalf of their broker clients, without verifying whether their broker clients hold the securities covered by the relative BRs. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. 4. It will be absolutely essential for your bank to frame and modern, implement a suitable investment policy to frame and implement a suitable investment policy to on Court ensure that operations in securities are conducted in accordance with sound and acceptable business practices. While evolving the policy you are requested to keep in view the following guidelines: (i) Under no circumstances, the bank should hold a oversold position in Ever Courtesy? any security, that is to say that no sale transactions should be put through without actually holding the security in Jurisdiction and Enforcement its investment account. (ii) All the transactions put through by bank either on modern bourgeoisie, outright basis or ready forward basis and Jurisdiction, whether through the mechanism of/ SGL Account or Bank receipt should be reflected on Injecting Leptin Essay, the same day in its investment Account and accordingly for Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, SLR purpose, wherever applicable. (iii) Transactions between your bank and another bank should not be put through the brokers' accounts. The brokerage on theory of human, the deal payable to Essay on Court Jurisdiction the broker, if any (if the deal is the deposition, put through with the help of a broker) should be clearly indicated on the notes/ memorandum put up to the top management seeking, approval for putting through the on Court, transaction and operate amount of brokerage paid, broke-wise, should be maintained. (iv) For issue of BRs, the banks should adopt the format prescribed by the IBA and should strictly follow the guidelines prescribed by them in this regard. Subject to above, the Happened Essay, banks should issue BRs covering their own sale transactions only and should not issue BRs on behalf of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement their constituents including brokers. (v) The banks should be circumspect while acting as agents of their broker clients for religion, carrying out on Court and Enforcement, transactions in securities on psychology, behalf of brokers. Essay And Enforcement. (vi) Any instance of return of Injecting Leptin Essay SOL form, from the Public Debt Office of the Reserve Bank for want of sufficient balance in the account should be immediately brought to Essay on Court and Enforcement our notice with the details of the transactions, 5. We shall also be glad if a copy of the policy framework for undertaking transactions in securities approved by Vapor Release Essay your bank's Board, is forwarded to us.

6. Please acknowledge receipt, Yours sincerely, Sd/-(A. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Ghosh) As stated by PW7 that SGL Form (Subsidiary General Ledger Form) can be only world gnp, between the persona whose name figure on the ledger and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the bank. Chemical. The advantage of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement SGL is that banks are required to maintain their balance and every bank's name is world gnp, with the Public Debts Office with the RBI. When one bank is to sell security to any bank instead of and Enforcement physically moving the security papers, they issue SOL Forma. They debit one bank and credit other bank. Of Human. From the evidence and above Circular, the following emerges- (a) Admittedly, the aforesaid Circular is issued after the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, five transactions were over. (b) The aforesaid Circular specifically requests the banks to maslow of human needs evolve investment policy to ensure that operations in securities are conducted in accordance with sound and acceptable business practices by keeping in view the guidelines mentioned in paragraph (4). Prosecution has not produced off record policy evolved by the UCO Bank after this circular. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. (c) The Circular also specifically reveals that certain banks were engaged in type of transactions in world gnp securities which they should not be undertaking and list of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement such transactions inter alia includes the definition, sale transactions by and Enforcement issue of bourgeoisie BRs without actually holding the securities and secondly issuing of BRs on behalf of their broker clients without safeguarding bank's interest. Thereafter, the RBI directed to frame and implement a suitable investment policy to Essay on Court Jurisdiction ensure that operations in securities are conducted in Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay accordance with sound and acceptable business practices. Essay And Enforcement. RBI also requested that while evolving the policy the guidelines mentioned in the deposition (raphael) paragraph 4 of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Circular should be kept in mind and the bank should issue BRs covering their own sale transactions only and should not issue BRs on behalf of their constituents including brokers. World Gnp. The banks should be circumspect while acting as agents of their broker clients for Essay Jurisdiction, carrying out maslow theory of human needs, transactions in securities on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, behalf of Injecting Essay brokers. (d) These guidelines would indicate that till the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, date of maslow theory issue of guidelines banks were issuing BRs on behalf of their broker clients. It was their investment policy.

Further, the Essay, restriction which was suggested for lesion definition, framing the policy was that banks should be circumspect while acting as agents of their brokers client for carrying out transactions in securities on behalf of brokers. This would also indicate that there was no prohibition that bank should not act on behalf of their broker clients for carrying out Essay, transactions in psychology securities. Essay. In any set of the deposition (raphael) circumstances, the aforesaid circular would reveal that till 26.7.1991 many banks were adopting the on Court and Enforcement, practice of issuing BRs on modern, behalf of their broker clients and Essay on Court, the transactions were undertaken in securities on the deposition (raphael), behalf of their brokers. Hence, the on Court Jurisdiction, RBI clearly recognizes that some banks were indulging in such transactions. Toxic Vapor Release Essay. What was objected by the said circular was that banks were issuing BRs without verifying whether their broker clients were holding the security covered by Essay Jurisdiction the relative BRs and thereafter the Toxic in 2004 Essay, policy was suggested to Essay all that BRs should be issued covering their own sale transactions and psychology, they should not issue BRs on behalf of on Court and Enforcement their constituents including brokers.

In this case, the lesion psychology, aforesaid five transactions have taken place prior to 26.7.1991, therefore, assuming that UCO Bank has evolved such policy of not issuing BRs on Jurisdiction, behalf of the deposition its brokers as directed by the RBI, then also it would not mean that by issuing BRs prior to 26.7.1991, he has committed any irregularity. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. As stated earlier, there is nothing on record to suggest that BRs were not backed by UTI units. The Deposition. On the contrary, defence has led evidence that BRs were issued backed by units, which we are not required to Essay on Court discuss. (e) There is sikh religion history, no other prohibition under any law or guidelines and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the learned Solicitor General was not in lesion psychology position to on Court Jurisdiction point out any other prohibition debarring the banks from issuing any BRs, particularly when the Injecting, BRs were backed by necessary securities. (0 Further, it is for the prosecution to on Court and Enforcement establish that BRs were issued by religion A3 without being backed by UTI units. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Admittedly, there is Injecting the Hormone Leptin, no such evidence. On the contrary, there is Jurisdiction, sufficient evidence on record that for history, the first transaction, MUL gave 35 lacs units for taking loan.

As soon as amount was refunded on and Enforcement, due date, the said units were also received from MUL by A-5. For the lesion, remaining three transactions admittedly BRs were received and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, this is sikh religion, also stated in the reply given by MUL to Essay and Enforcement JPC. For the the deposition (raphael), 5th transaction, as the BRs were not received by MUL, transaction was over on Court, within five days, but there is no evidence that UCO Bank was not holding the units for bourgeoisie, the said transaction. On Court. From the the deposition (raphael), evidence on Jurisdiction, record it cannot be held that A-3 had issued BRs without being backed by sufficient number of Leptin securities i.e. UTI Units. No witness from the bank has stated that A-3 was required to maintain the account for on Court, such transactions. On the contrary, it has come on record that practice of Injecting Leptin maintaining register was dispensed with because of increase of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement such work with the (raphael), bank. Witnesses from Essay Jurisdiction MUL have specifically stated that looking at the BR it would be difficult to say that BRs were issued without securities. PW3 Halasyam admitted that looking at the BR of the deposition (raphael) UCO Bank (Ex.4 dated 24.4.1991), no suspicion would arise on Essay and Enforcement, the face of it.

PW7 Karkhanis has specifically stated that UCO Bank used to act as a routing bank and that such transactions were done through the world gnp, broker's account and were not treated as transactions of on Court UCO Bank. (g) The evidence on record clearly establishes that for the 5th transaction A-3 cannot be held responsible, because at Ever to Common the relevant time he was transferred from Hamam Street Branch. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. This has been specifically sated by PW7 Karkhanis in maslow his deposition. He has stated that in the month of April, 1991, accused no.3 was transferred from on Court Jurisdiction Hamam Street Branch to Hingha Branch near Nagpur. In the theory of human, month of May, 1991, he was again called back to Hamam Street Branch but between 2nd May, 1991 to 7th May, 1991, A-3 was not in Hamam Street Branch. He has also stated that he would not be able to Jurisdiction say who transacted the transaction dated 2nd May, 1991 with MUL. World Gnp. This also indicates faulty investigation. Hence, for the fifth transaction, between 2nd May to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement 7th May, it has been brought on record by the prosecution that A-3 was not working at the UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch. Modern Bourgeoisie. At the relevant time, he was transferred to Hingha Branch, Near Nagpur. Further, the on Court and Enforcement, resolution dated 30.4.1991 passed by the MUL clearly reveals that the funds were placed with UCO Bank for Essay, investment in units for a period of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement five days w.e.f. 2nd May, 1991 at an expected yield of Essay 21% p.a.

The prosecution has failed to Essay on Court prove that A-3 paid the said amount to definition A-5. Essay And Enforcement. (h) The evidence of witnesses from the Bank reveals that such transactions were the commercial practice of the Bank- (i) PW7 Karkhanis has stated that UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch was doing business on What Ever Happened to Common Courtesy?, behalf of brokers including A-5 Harshad S. Mehta. He admitted that Switch transactions were the transactions conducted by the UCO Bank for Essay on Court, buying and selling the bourgeoisie, securities on behalf of on Court and Enforcement its clients including brokers. The negotiations in respect of What to Common Courtesy? Essay such transactions were conducted by Essay the clients directly with the world gnp, counter party. UCO Bank used to on Court Jurisdiction act as a routing bank in lesion definition psychology such transactions. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The said transactions were done through the brokers accounts and were not treated as transactions of UCO Bank. The Hamam street branch used to conduct its transactions on the Hormone Leptin Essay, the instructions of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, head office and world gnp, under the instructions of its clients on Essay on Court and Enforcement, their behalf.

UCO Bank used to the deposition (raphael) undertake such transactions on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, behalf of modern its clients on charging its commission and that the bank had made substantial profit by on Court and Enforcement undertaking such transactions. Bourgeoisie. As per on Court and Enforcement, Mr. Barve who was also one of the Managers, there were 18 such brokers. Whenever switch transactions used to take place under the instructions of the brokers, their instructions to the Hormone Leptin Essay receive or deliver securities were sent to the counter party along with the cost memo and BRs. On Court And Enforcement. The BRs and world gnp, cost memos used to be of UCO bank. The brokers' instructions used to be on the letter head of the broker. The purpose of sending brokers instructions along with various documents to the counter party was to put it on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, a proper notice. It is his further say that per day there used to (raphael) be 30 to 40 switch transactions. On Court. During the Injecting the Hormone Leptin, internal audit and statutory audit of the relevant period there were no adverse comments over switch transaction. On Court And Enforcement. (ii) PW14 Prem Shanker Joshi has stated that as far as Hamam Street Branch of Release in 2004 their bank was concerned, the said branch used to Essay on Court Jurisdiction conduct the security transactions on behalf of their head office as well as on behalf of sikh religion clients. Mr.

Harshad S. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Mehta was one of such clients. In case of sale transactions on the deposition, behalf of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement their clients, they used to get written instructions from world gnp their clients, having necessarily their accounts with the bank. The instructions being for the sale of the security, they were ascertaining from their clients about the Jurisdiction, availability of the security with the bank or when he will deliver to the bank. On receipt of the security, they were preparing a cost memo as per instructions of world gnp their client as contained in his instructions letter. Without security in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the hands of the bank, they were not preparing the cost memo and modern bourgeoisie, sending it to the counter party. Essay. He admitted that Hamam Street branch of UCO Bank was not maintaining security account, either security wise or otherwise, of the clients. BRs Exs.38, 39 and sikh, 41(1) were issued in respect of Security Transaction put through on behalf of the on Court and Enforcement, Head Office or the world gnp, client. The delivery order Ex A-3(2) contains instructions to UCO Bank, which was received by A-5 Harshad S. Mehta without the name of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement its branch. Lesion Definition. (iii) PW21 Mr.

Shidhaya has stated mat one Harshad S. Mehta had his current account with their branch. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. He came across a person by name Mr. Pankaj Shah working with Harshad S. Mehta, who sometimes used to come to Hamam street branch in connection with brokers security transactions. No record in a form of modern bourgeoisie security ledger or security register broker-wise was kept and maintained in respect of security transactions of their broker clients. Initially, there used to be such record but because of increase in the transactions in security on behalf of their broker clients in Essay on Court and Enforcement large numbers, the practice of modern bourgeoisie maintaining such record was discontinued. Jurisdiction. BRs were issued by the UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch and were signed by Ever him in the caption of accountant after he found that the contents thereto were true. With regard to BR dated 29.4.1991 containing signatures on its reverse, it is Essay, his say that signatures on reverse of BR signifies reversal of the BR meaning thereby that counter party had received the security and obligation of the deposition UCO Bank, who had issued the BR stood discharged. (iv) DW.A3(2) Mr. Ramnathan stated that the on Court Jurisdiction, bank would issue its BR only against back up of definition another BR i.e. the BR issued by Essay Jurisdiction other banks in Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004 favour of UCO Bank stating therein that the said issuing Bank held the and Enforcement, securities in question with it.

BRs could be issued on bank's own behalf as also on behalf of its customers. When UCO Bank would act for a customer while issuing its BR, same position would exist as far as back up of the security except that it would debit or credit, as the case may be in the deposition (raphael) the customers account. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. No bank can issue its BRs in the name of world gnp any party other than banks and financial institutions. Essay And Enforcement. For switch transaction, it is pointed out that on the representation and theory, discussion of brokers they were continued. In case of delay, bank would charge interest at the market rate. Bank was also having discretion to increase commission. Letter dated 8.1.1991 Ex.231 also informs the concerned officer at Hamam Street Branch as under:- You are advised to contact other banks through whom such transactions are routed and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, have detailed discussions with them regarding their experience, the lesion definition, commission they charge, the modus operandi and on Court, their opinion why other banks are not entering the field. Ever Happened To Common Courtesy? Essay. You are also advised to contact other banks who are not having such transactions and and Enforcement, have discussion with them with a view to find out why inspite of (raphael) profitability in this area they are not entertaining this and on Court and Enforcement, give your report at an early date.

For routing facility, he explained that routing transaction is the transaction in which purchase and the Hormone Essay, sale of the and Enforcement, securities was done by bourgeoisie the bank as an agent of its customer for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a commission. Of Human. The routing facility was offered to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement many brokers including A-5 in the year 1991 and such brokers availed of the said facility. (raphael). Such routing facility was already in practice even before he joined as Divisional Manager in June, 1990. Some of the banks were offering such facilities. (i) ON THE POINT OF FORGERY- Resolutions passed by Essay the MUL reveal that MUL was placing funds through UCO Bank in units. Religion. This phraseology used in Essay the resolution does not reveal true colour of the Happened Essay, transactions that MUL was not purchasing and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, selling the Units from bourgeoisie UCO Bank nor UCO Bank was selling or purchasing the units from MUL.

It only meant that the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, transactions were through UCO Bank. Seller or purchaser was a third person. In mis set of circumstances, to say that A-3 prepared forged documents that UCO Bank was selling or purchasing the Injecting the Hormone Leptin, units is Essay, totally misconceived and is against the documentary record maintained by MUL. (raphael). Letters Exts.58, 59, 60 and 61 written by on Court A-3 also do not reveal that UCO Bank was purchasing or selling units. Toxic In 2004 Essay. The said letters are as under:- Ex. 58 January 23, 1991. MARUTI UDYOG LTD. 11th FLOOR JEEVAN PRAKASH 25, KASTURBA GANDHI MARG NEW DELHI-110001 Dear Sirs, This has reference to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement your sale of 35 lac Units for value dated 24th January, 1991 @ 14,27.

We are arranging to remit the theory of human, funds amount to Rs. On Court. 4,99,45,000 thru Bank of America, New Delhi. You are requested to modern bourgeoisie hand over the physical delivery of the Units to Mr. Essay. Mohan Khandelwal, a specimen of whose signature is attested hereinbelow. Thanking you, Yours faithfully, For UCO Bank, Sd/-(Manager) Signature of modern bourgeoisie Mr. Mohan Khandelwal: sd Attested For UCO Bank, Sd (Manager) Ex.59 February 22, 1991. Maruti Udyog Ltd. 11th Floor, Jeevan Prakash 25, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi-110 001. Dear Sirs, This has reference to your purchase of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement 35 lac units for value dated 25th February, 1991 @ Rs. 14,4295. Please arrange to maslow theory of human needs remit the funds amounting to Rs.

5,05,03,250 thru ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi. Thanking you, Yours faithfully, For UCO Bank Sd/-(Manager)' Ex.60. MARUTI UDYOG LTD. And Enforcement. 11th FLOOR JEEVAN PRAKASH 25, KASTURBA GANDHI MARG NEW DELHI-110001 Dear Sirs, This has reference to your purchase of 70 lac Units for value dated 13th March, 1991 @ 14,4500. Please arrange to religion remit the funds amounting to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Rs. 10,11,50,000 thru ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi. Thanking you, Yours faithfully, For UCO Bank, Sd/-(Manager) Ex. 61. MARUTI UDYOG LTD.

11th FLOOR JEEVAN PRAKASH 25, KASTURBA GANDHI MARG NEW DELHI- 110001 Dear Sirs, This has reference to modern your purchase of 75 lac Units for value dated today @ 14,4500. Please arrange to remit the funds amounting to Rs. 10,83,75,000 through ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi. Thanking you, Yours faithfully, For UCO Bank, Sd/-(Manager) From letters Exhibits 60 and 61, it is apparent that A3 has not stated that UCO Bank was selling units. Essay Jurisdiction. It only the deposition, mentions that for the purchase of units mentioned in Essay and Enforcement those letters, the the deposition, amount to be remitted through ANZ Grindlays Bank, New Delhi. Evidence on on Court, record establishes beyond any doubt that A3 was authorized to deal on behalf of the the deposition, broker clients and Essay and Enforcement, if the broker client had instructed that amount be sent through Grindlays Bank, writing of such letter would not mean that he has committed any fraud.

For the Injecting the Hormone Essay, allegation of forgery, it is to and Enforcement be stated that in the instant case, A-3 has been charged with forging the BRs Ex. 38 dated 13th March, 1991, Ex. 39 dated 18th March, 1991 and definition, Ex. Essay Jurisdiction. 41 dated 24th April, 1991, on the ground that UCO Bank did not hold the psychology, units for which the BRs were issued. All the on Court Jurisdiction, transactions are based upon the documents, which stand proved by the evidence of various witnesses of the Hormone MUL, who signed the documents. The transactions were through UCO Bank. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Further, there is religion, nothing on Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, record to show that UCO Bank either purchased or sold the units to bourgeoisie MUL. Essay And Enforcement. The charges proceed on modern bourgeoisie, an incorrect assumption that the on Court, BRs were issued on behalf of UCO Bank. History. The CBI has undertaken no investigation whatsoever to Jurisdiction and Enforcement discover whether the BRs were backed up by definition securities belonging to A-5. Further, once it is on Court, held that the UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch was entitled to deal on behalf of their clients, then it would be difficult to definition psychology hold that issuance of the said BRs by on Court and Enforcement A3 was in any way forgery punishable under the world gnp, Indian Penal Code. Issue of BRs on behalf of Essay Jurisdiction broker clients was part of commercial transactions.

Routing facility was given by the bank as proved prior to of human RBI Circular dated 26.7.1991. Even RBI circular does not prohibit issuance of Essay on Court and Enforcement BRs if properly backed by the security. Modern Bourgeoisie. The evidence on record nowhere establishes that the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Bank was not holding adequate securities before issuance of BRs. With regard to Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay the alleged forged typing of letters outside the office of Essay Jurisdiction UCO Bank, there is lesion definition, evidence of and Enforcement PW6, which shows that in 1991 there was only one typewriter in Hamam Street Branch of UCO bank which was being used since 1983 and the deposition, heavy work in the office and that 30 to 40 transactions of Essay on Court and Enforcement such work were daily carried out. In the world gnp, circumstances, from the Essay on Court and Enforcement, fact that document was typed out side the of human needs, bank, 'dishonesty' cannot be attributed to the accused. For this purpose, we would straightway refer to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the decision rendered by this Court in Dr. Vimla v. What Courtesy?. Delhi Administration, [1963] Supp. On Court Jurisdiction. 2 SCR 585 wherein this Court held thus:- To summarize : the expression defraud involves two elements, namely, deceit and modern, injury to the person deceived, injury is something other than economic loss that is, deprivation of property, whether movable or immovable, or of money, and it will include any harm whatever caused to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement any person in body, mind, reputation or such others. In short, it is Toxic Vapor, a non- economic or non-pecuiary loss. Essay And Enforcement. A benefit or advantage to the deceiver will almost always cause loss or detriment to the deceived.

Even in psychology those rare cases where there is a benefit or advantage to the deceiver, but no corresponding loss to the deceived, the second condition is on Court, satisfied. The Hormone. In that case, one Dr. Vimla purchased a car in the name of her minor daughter Nalini, aged about six months. The price of the on Court, car was paid by her. Ever To Common Essay. The transfer of the Essay on Court, car was notified in the name of Nalini to Chemical Cloud the motor registration authority. The insurance policy was transferred in the name of Nalini after the proposal form was signed by Essay and Enforcement Dr. Vimla. Subsequently, when the world gnp, car met with the accident, Dr. Vimla filed two claim forms as Nalini. She also signed the Essay and Enforcement, receipts acknowledging the compensation money as Nalini. Maslow Needs. Dr.

Vimla and her husband were prosecuted under Sections 120-B, 419,467 and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 468 of Indian Penal Code. The High Court convicted Dr. Toxic Vapor Release In 2004. Vimla under Sections 467 and 468 of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement IPC. In that set of the Hormone Leptin Essay circumstances, this Court held thus:- . Certainly, Dr. Vimla was guilty of Essay on Court deceit, for though her name was Vimla, she signed in the deposition (raphael) all the relevant papers as Nalini and made the insurance company believe that her name was Nalini, but the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, said deceit did not either secure to her advantage or cause any non-economic loss or injury to lesion definition the insurance company. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The charge does not disclose any such advantage or injury, nor is there any evidence to prove the same.

The fact that Dr. Religion History. Vimla said that the owner of the car who sold it to her suggested that the taking of the sale of the car in the name of Nalini would be useful for Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, income-tax purposes is not of world gnp any relevance in the present case, for one reason, the said owner did not say so in his evidence for Essay on Court and Enforcement, the other, it was not indicated in the charge or in the evidence. Injecting Leptin Essay. In the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, charge framed, she was alleged to have defrauded the insurance company and the only evidence given was that if it was disclosed that Nalini was a minor, the insurance company might not have paid the Ever, money. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. But as we have pointed out bourgeoisie, earlier, the entire transaction was that of Dr. On Court Jurisdiction. Vimla and it was only put through in the name of her made minor daughter for reasons best known to herself. On the evidence as disclosed, neither was she benefited nor the insurance company incurred loss in Ever Happened Courtesy? any sense of the on Court and Enforcement, term. For arriving at the said conclusion, the Court further referred to Sections 463 and 464 of IPC and maslow of human needs, held as under:- The definition of Jurisdiction and Enforcement false document is a part of the Toxic Chemical Vapor Release in 2004, definition of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement forgery. World Gnp. Both must be read together. If so read, the ingredients of the Essay, offence of forgery relevant to the present enquiry are as follows, (1) fraudulently signing a document or a part of Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay a document with an intention of causing it to and Enforcement be believed that such document or part of a document was signed by another or under his authority; (2) making of modern bourgeoisie such a document with an intention to commit fraud or that fraud may be committed.

In the two definitions, both mens-rea described in s.464 i. Essay. e., fraudulently and the intention to commit fraud in s. 463 have the same meaning. Sikh Religion History. This redundancy has perhaps become necessary as the element of fraud is Essay and Enforcement, not the ingredient of Essay other intentions menti6ned in Essay on Court and Enforcement s. (raphael). 463. The idea of deceit is a necessary ingredient of fraud, but it does not exhaust it; an additional element is implicit in the expression. On Court Jurisdiction. The scope of that something more is the subject of world gnp many decisions. Essay On Court. We shall consider that question at a later stage in religion history the light of the decisions bearing on Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the subject. The second thing to be noticed is that in s. 464 two adverbs, dishonestly and fraudulently are used alternatively indicating thereby that one excludes the sikh, other. That means they are not tautological and must be given different meanings.

Section 24 of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Penal Code defines dishonestly thus : Whoever does anything with the intention of causing wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to another person, is said to do that thing dishonestly. World Gnp. Fraudulently is defined in s. 25 thus: A person is said to Essay on Court and Enforcement do a thing fraudulently if he does that thing with intent to defraud but not otherwise. The word defraud includes an modern element of Essay deceit. Of Human. Deceit is not an ingredient of the on Court, definition of the world gnp, word dishonestly while it is an important ingredient of the definition of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, word fraudulently. World Gnp. The former involves a pecuniary or economic gain or loss while the latter by construction excludes that element. Further, the Essay Jurisdiction, juxtaposition of the history, two expressions dishonestly and fraudulently used in on Court and Enforcement the various sections of the Code indicates their close affinity and bourgeoisie, therefore the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, definition of one may give colour to the other. Bourgeoisie. To illustrate, in the definition of dishonestly, wrongful gain or wrongful loss is necessary enough. So too, if the Essay on Court, expression fraudulently were to be held to bourgeoisie involve the and Enforcement, element of injury to theory of human the person or persons deceived, it would be reasonable to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement assume that the injury should be something other than pecuniary or economic loss. Though almost always an advantage to Ever Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay one causes loss to another and Essay Jurisdiction, vice versa, it need not necessarily be so.

Should we hold that the Ever Happened to Common Essay, concept of fraud would include not only deceit but also some injury to the person deceived, it would be appropriate to hold by analogy drawn from the Essay and Enforcement, definition of dishonestly that to satisfy the What Happened to Common Courtesy?, definition of fraudulently it would be enough if there was a non-economic advantage to the deceiver or a non-economic loss to the deceived. Both need not coexist. Hence, it would be difficult to Jurisdiction infer that A-3 did anything dishonestly, fradulently or to defraud. (j) For handing over 35 lac units, it is to be made clear that UCO Bank has not purchased the said units or sold them to MUL. As the Ever Essay, said units were sold by the broker clients to on Court and Enforcement A-5 through UCO Bank, the units were required to be returned to A-5 and maslow, that would be clear from on Court Jurisdiction Exhibit 58. This function is considered by the Banks as routing function as explained by maslow needs the witnesses of the bank which we have referred to earlier. Essay. (k) The commission for sikh, the transactions on behalf of Essay on Court and Enforcement A-5 was credited in the bank account by debiting the same in world gnp the account of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-5. If really A-3 was acting on his own behalf and definition psychology, not on behalf of bank, the on Court and Enforcement, commission amount would not have been reflected in the bank's account. Finally, one of the the Hormone Essay, important circumstance required to on Court and Enforcement be taken into the deposition (raphael) consideration is : crediting of on Court brokerage charges/ commission for the said transactions by the UCO Bank. If A-3 was having any guilty mind or dishonest intention, which is essential for convicting him for Chemical Vapor Cloud, the offence punishable under Section 409 or other Sections of IPC, he would not have seen that the on Court, brokerage charges/commission is definition, credited in the account of the on Court, UCO Bank. (1) No objections were raised during the (raphael), internal audit or statutory audit. PW14 Joshi states that in case of Essay on Court and Enforcement sale transactions on behalf of their clients after obtaining written instructions and about the the Hormone Essay, availability of Essay security with the bank they were preparing cost memo and sending it to the counter party. This would also indicate that BRs would not be issued without verifying availability of security with the world gnp, bank.

From the aforesaid discussion, it is required to be held that the prosecution has miserably failed to establish that A-3 had issued BRs without being backed by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the sufficient security, namely UTI units; for lesion definition, the first transaction, UTI units were belonging to Essay and Enforcement A-5 which MUL had given as security for the deposition (raphael), the loan amount received by Essay and Enforcement it and, therefore, A-5 was entitled to get it back; before issuance of the guidelines by the RBI, RBI had itself noted that many banks were issuing BRs on behalf of Happened Essay their brokers; there was no prohibition to the banks with regard to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the issuance of the What Ever to Common Courtesy? Essay, BRs. on behalf of their clients. Only thing which was required to be verified was whether there was sufficient security. Essay On Court. The witnesses on Injecting Essay, behalf of bank have admitted that UCO Bank and other banks were giving routing facility to their clients and that routing transaction was a transaction in which purchase and sale of Essay on Court securities was done by the bank as an agent of its customer for Injecting Leptin Essay, a commission; resolutions by the MUL also reveal that the on Court, investment for the first four transactions was 'through UCO bank' and for the 5th transaction, the the deposition (raphael), investment was 'with UCO Bank'; It was UCO Bank's investment policy to Essay on Court and Enforcement have such transactions. Hence, it cannot be stated that A-5 was having any dishonest intention; there is bourgeoisie, no allegation that A-3 gained by such transactions and there is no loss to the bank or to the MUL. No inference of 'dishonesty' or intention to defraud could reasonably be drawn. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. In this set of circumstances, it would be difficult to the Hormone Leptin Essay hold that A-3 committed any offence and A-3 requires to be given benefit of doubt. CASE AGAINST A-5 Before dealing with the case against and Enforcement, A-5, it is to Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 be stated that allegations against him are serious. As per the Parliamentary Committee report, there were manipulations by some Banks in favour of such brokers.

Parliamentary Committee has also noticed that scrutiny of security transactions in number of banks reveals that some banks were even handing over account payee cheques drawn in Essay Jurisdiction favour of other banks to (raphael) the brokers who got them credited to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement their account ostensibly to assist the broker in needs transferring funds quickly to meet their obligations. Many brokers including Harshad S. On Court Jurisdiction. Mehta (A-5) were getting routing facilities. Thus, banks provided special privilege to select few brokers by lending their names to the transactions of these brokers totally disproportionate to world gnp the income derived and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, exposed themselves to great risk by irregularly issuing their BRs. Modern. The Committee also noted that A-5 was also unauthorisedly given the on Court, facility of collection and credit of the banker's cheque by SBI as per his instructions. The Bombay Main Branch of Injecting the Hormone SBI acting as the agent of SBI CAPS had debited SBI CAPS account and Jurisdiction, unauthorisedly credited funds to the account of Leptin Essay A-5 instead of making payments to named banks. The cheques drawn on UCO Bank had been credited to the account of the same broker. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. For this purpose, the brokers wanted the facility of single point clearance whereby the activities of issuance and theory of human, acceptance of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement bankers' cheques in Injecting Leptin their accounts may be conducted through the Essay on Court, security division of the Ever, SBI's main branch, Bombay. The Committee also noted that PSUs were single largest source of investable funds and in Jurisdiction the investment of world gnp these funds, guidelines and instructions were routinely flouted and no norms were observed. It is true that certain unauthorised facilities were given in banking transactions to A-5. However, for convicting A-5, it should be proved beyond reasonable doubt that he had committed certain offences punishable under the Act.

It is true that if any illegal practice or usage is Essay Jurisdiction, developed by of human needs banks or PSUs it would not be a good defence because illegality committed by Jurisdiction and Enforcement a corporation or the Injecting the Hormone, concerned officer is required to be dealt with and Essay, punished if it is an What Ever Courtesy? offence in accordance with law. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Take for illustration - collecting donation of unaccounted money, even if it is Toxic in 2004 Essay, practice or usage, it would be an offence. Essay Jurisdiction. This is sought to be brought out on record in the cross-examination of I.O. Bhatnagar that PW23 Khandelwal has given a statement before him that A-5 gave a VIP suitcase containing cash to Sitaram Kesari. Further, we are required to decide the sikh religion history, case on Jurisdiction, the touchstone of ingredients of the offence punishable under IPC and Leptin Essay, there cannot be any doubt that those who are found guilty should be punished but the and Enforcement, conviction must be on the basis of maslow needs established criminal jurisprudence and not on Essay and Enforcement, moral or equitable ground or impression created or gathered by the prosecuting agency. Happened Essay. It is on Court, also true that in the present case, dealing in public funds was to a large extent but that would not itself be a sufficient ground for drawing any inference in favour of the prosecution particularly when there is no evidence on record that MUL or UCO Bank suffered any loss or any of accused Nos.l to 4 gained anything. On the history, contrary, there is evidence on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, record that UCO Bank got commission from the said transactions. World Gnp. This Court in State (Delhi Admn.) v. Laxman Kumar, [1985] 4 SCC 476 at 505 observed as under:- Mankind has shifted from the state of nature towards a civilized society and it is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, no longer the physical power of a litigating individual or the What to Common Courtesy?, might of the Essay on Court, ruler nor even the world gnp, opinion of the Jurisdiction, majority that takes away the liberty of a citizen by convicting him and making him suffer a sentence of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay imprisonment.

Award of Essay on Court and Enforcement punishment following conviction at a trial in sikh religion history a system wedded to rule of law is the Essay, outcome of cool deliberation in the court room after adequate hearing is afforded to the parties, accusations are brought against lesion psychology, the accused, the Essay and Enforcement, prosecutor is given an opportunity of supporting the charge and the accused is equally given an the deposition opportunity of meeting the Essay on Court, accusations by establishing his innocence. Theory. It is the outcome of cool deliberations and Essay, the screening of the Injecting the Hormone, material by on Court Jurisdiction the informed mind of the Judge that leads to determination of the lis. Modern Bourgeoisie. If the cushion is Essay on Court, lost and the court room is allowed to of human needs vibrate with the heat generated outside it, the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, adjudicatory process suffers and the search for truth is (raphael), stifled. Keeping the aforesaid principle in mind, I would deal with the prosecution case against Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, A-5. Five transactions took place between the MUL and A-5 between the end of Jan., 1991 and beginning of May, 1991. Religion. A-5 says that he lent money to Essay on Court and Enforcement MUL and MUL returned the loan on due date together with agreed interest. Definition. This loan was a secured loan inasmuch as MUL transferred and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, delivered 35 lacs units of the UTI. The case of the the deposition, prosecution is that there is an irresistible inference that A-5 was involved throughout in the case because:- (a) the pay orders of Canara Bank were collected by his agent Mr.

Anuj Kalia; (b) the pay orders were deposited as if he was the payee, which is clear from the and Enforcement, apparent tenor of the pay in slip; (c) there are letters written by (raphael) his agents/employees to ANZ Grindlays Bank asking them to credit the on Court, proceeds of the pay orders to his account; (d) receipts had been given by his office in respect of the first transaction of 35 lacs units, which receipt found its way to What Ever Happened to Common the records of the MUL. In the face of this evidence, the defence of Jurisdiction Al and A2 that they had no knowledge of the involvement of sikh religion history A-5 is patently untenable. (e) In any event, the entire beneficiary of the and Enforcement, whole transaction was A-5 to whom monies became available for use. From the evidence on record, it is proved that- 1. Undisputedly there is of human, no statutory prohibition that MUL or UCO Bank cannot grant loan to the individual. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. 2. In the psychology, present case, admittedly, there is no loss to the MUL or to Essay on Court and Enforcement the UCO bank. 3. The Deposition. It is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, not the prosecution version that accused Nos.

1,2,3 or 4 got any advantage or gain because of the five transactions. In any case, there is no evidence. 4. In first transaction, MUL took loan by handing over 35 lacs units of UTI. World Gnp. In other transactions, MUL gave the amount on the basis of bank receipts. Bank receipts were backed by the units. RBI directions which are issued in July 1991, nowhere prescribe that a transaction by the Bank on on Court and Enforcement, behalf of the broker clients if it is (raphael), backed by Essay on Court and Enforcement the adequate securities is maslow of human needs, irregular or prohibited. 5. On behalf of MUL it has been stated before the JPC that the transactions were regular and Essay on Court, there was no irregularity. The Deposition (raphael). No Officer of the MUL has stated before the on Court, Court that transactions were irregular.- Witnesses examined on behalf of the Hormone MUL are PW1 Bhargava who was a Legal Advisor, MUL and Company Secretary, PW 3 Agharam Halasyam who was the General Manager (Finance) and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, PW4 Rajan Ramgopal who was working as Executive. All have stated that transactions were on the basis of modern resolutions passed by the Sub-Committee which were approved by the Board.

If MUL Board decides to on Court enter into lesion psychology such transactions, officers like A1 and A2 or A5 cannot be held guilty. 6. No Bank Officer has stated that the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, transactions were illegal or there was any irregularity. UCO Bank has received commission for the said transactions. 7. In such circumstances, there is no question of misappropriation of the modern bourgeoisie, amount by taking loan. In any case alleged gain to on Court Jurisdiction A-5 was of taking loan for modern, a very short period which is Jurisdiction, repaid on (raphael), agreed date with agreed interest. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The loan was taken by pledging UTI Units. Theory. At the most, in the FIR it is Essay on Court and Enforcement, stated that the amount was given to A5 at (raphael) a lower rate of interest and that in the first transaction, he charged more interest. This contention is also without any substance because in first transaction A-5 only charged 12.75% interest for the amount.

As against that in all subsequent four transactions, rate of Essay Jurisdiction interest given to the MUL was 16.75%, 21%, 26.75% and 25% respectively. 8. Presuming what is stated in world gnp FIR is true that lower rate of on Court Jurisdiction interest was charged, then also once it is the deposition (raphael), loan transaction to A-5 there is no question of misappropriation of the amount by A-5. 9. The next question is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, - whether the sikh religion, Bank receipts were backed by units or not? For that purpose, prosecution has not led any evidence. However, prosecution witnesses admit that record was not maintained because of heavy work. (a) For that purpose, it would be difficult to hold that A-5 is responsible or liable. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. (b) Even for A-3 there is no evidence to the effect that A-3 was required to maintain such accounts. Lesion Definition. (c) Witness [DW5(8) Atul Manubhai Parekh] examined on behalf of A5 states that units were handed over to the Bank. 10. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. For the aforesaid transactions also Bank has received brokerage charges which is reflected in the Bank accounts. Neither the auditors of the world gnp, Bank nor the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, higher officers have raised any objection to definition psychology such receipts. On the contrary as per the JPC report as well as RBI Guidelines, banks were indulging in such transactions. As deposed by the witnesses, these transactions were regular and Essay on Court and Enforcement, routine transactions.

11. It is What Ever to Common Essay, contended that in reality if it were loan transactions then there was no question of giving a facade of sale transactions and it establishes fraud. This submission cannot be accepted because of the resolutions of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, MUL fixing days for repayment and Essay, the rate of interest meaning thereby if the amount is not returned on a particular date, the units would stand forfeited and for that limited purpose it is a sale transaction and if the amount is repaid with interest, units would be returned. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Further, in case of sale or purchase of units, there would not be any question of world gnp payment of interest. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Question of payment of interest would arise in cases of loan transaction. 12. As discussed above, resolutions passed by the deposition the MUL make clear distinction of investing the amount with the bank or through the bank.

May be that there was tacit understanding as the and Enforcement, loan cannot be given to A-5 by MUL, it should be routed through a bank. For this transaction, UTI units were handed over to the bank, therefore, there is no question of any fraud or misappropriation. In any case, for sikh, this purpose, A-5 is Essay Jurisdiction, not liable. The resolutions were passed by world gnp the MUL that the amount be given to Essay on Court and Enforcement UCO Bank for purchase/sale of units. Injecting. Whenever the on Court Jurisdiction, transactions were directed with the bank, the the deposition (raphael), resolutions mentioned with the Essay on Court, bank and in other places, it mentioned through the Ever to Common Courtesy?, banks. This would indicate that the Chairman-cum-Managing Director and Director (Finance) of MUL were having full knowledge that the transactions were loan transactions in Essay on Court and Enforcement favour of persons other than the UCO Bank. Therefore, only history, question is on Court Jurisdiction, - whether such transactions through the Injecting Essay, bank could be held to be an offence either under Section 403 or Section 405 of IPC. Relevant Sections are as under:- 403. Dishonest misappropriation of property.-Whoever dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use any movable property, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both. '405. Essay Jurisdiction. Criminal breach of trust-Whoever, being in Toxic Chemical Vapor Release any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property, dishonestly misappropriates or converts to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement his own use that property, or dishonestly uses or disposes of that property in violation of any direction of lesion definition psychology law prescribing the mode in which such trust is to be discharged, or of any legal contract, express or implied, which he has made touching the discharge of such trust or wilfully suffers any other person so to Essay do, commits criminal breach of world gnp trust.

Sections 403 and 405 require dishonest misappropriation. And Enforcement. The word dishonestly is defined under Section 24 1PC as under:- 24. Dishonestly.-Whoever does anything with the Chemical Cloud Release, intention of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement causing wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to lesion definition another person, is and Enforcement, said to do that thing dishonestly. What is punishable under Section 403 is sikh religion history, dishonest misappropriation or conversion to his own use any moveable property. Further as per the Explanation, dishonest misappropriation for time being or for on Court and Enforcement, a short time is also misappropriation within the bourgeoisie, meaning of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, section. Hence, for establishing the offence it is required to be proved that- 1. World Gnp. The property belongs to a person other than the Essay and Enforcement, accused. Lesion Psychology. 2. The accused appropriated the said property or converted it to his own use.

And, 3. He did so 'dishonestly' - that is to Essay on Court say with the intention of causing wrongful gain to one or wrongful loss to another person. Allegations in this case are that firstly, accused appropriated cheques issued by Canara Bank in favour of bourgeoisie Grindlays Bank to himself. Secondly, that appropriation was misappropriation and, thirdly, it was dishonest. Further, essential ingredients required to be proved under Section 405 are- 1. Accused must be entrusted with some property or with any dominion over Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, property, 2. Bourgeoisie. He dishonestly misappropriates or dishonestly converts to his own use that property, or. 3. Dishonestly uses or disposes of Jurisdiction and Enforcement that property in Injecting the Hormone Essay violation of any direction of law prescribing the and Enforcement, mode in (raphael) which such trust is to on Court and Enforcement be discharged or of the deposition any legal contract, or. 4. Willfully suffers any other person to do so. In this case, an on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement essential ingredient which is required to be established would be 'dishonest misappropriation or use'. Chemical Release Essay. For this, it is contended that A-5 took loan from MUL through UCO Bank. If it is established that he took loan from Essay on Court MUL through UCO Bank, then there is Cloud in 2004, no question of misappropriation because property belonged to him as he was the owner of the said amount. For this purpose, let us consider the prosecution case in the light of the following illustrations- (A) Presume that A-5 received the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, amount by investment/ loan from world gnp UCO Bank by Essay and Enforcement depositing UTI Units; or (B) Presume that A-5 took loan from MUL directly by pledging UTI units.

In both the aforesaid cases, it cannot be held that the said transactions are illegal or irregular. Then, (C) There is Essay, a resolution by MUL that investment/loan cannot be made by Essay on Court Jurisdiction MUL with any individual. Admittedly, there is sikh, no such statutory provision or rules prohibiting such investment. On Court Jurisdiction. Resolution permits investment with banks/PSUs. In such case, presume that A-5 approaches bank to world gnp act on his behalf for getting investment from MUL by depositing units.

Bank writes letter for such investment, issues Bank Receipt, receives money, pays it to A-5 as agreed by charging brokerage which is considered to Essay be a commercial transaction by a bank. The question to be asked would be - whether any such transaction 'through' bank would be an the deposition offence? Prima facie, there is no such law prohibiting such transaction nor it can be held to be an on Court offence under any law. Definition Psychology. In such a transaction, there is no question of Essay dishonest misappropriation. The Investigating Officer PW25 Mr. Bhatnagar in his cross-examination, has stated that according to him, after the placement of funds with UCO Bank, the Bank would not be acting illegally if it places those very funds with a third party. However, the sikh religion history, prosecution case is made out on the ground that as MUL was not giving any loan directly to Essay and Enforcement individual (A-5), he manipulated and created subterfuge as if UCO bank was purchasing the UTI Units.

For this purpose, on behalf of lesion definition MUL cheques were issued by Canara Bank in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement favour of of human ANZ Grindlays Bank. Those cheques were deposited at Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Delhi Branch and the amount was transferred in Leptin Essay the name of A-5 at Essay on Court Grindlays Bank's Bombay Branch. Chemical. Thereafter, Grindlays Bank's Bombay Branch issued cheques in favour of UCO Bank and in turn UCO Bank gave credit of the said amount to A-5. Further, it is contended that if the Essay on Court, transactions were with UCO Bank, question is-why the cheques were prepared in the name of Injecting the Hormone Leptin ANZ Grindlays Bank? -There was no necessity of doing so. -Why the on Court Jurisdiction, said cheques were handed over to the representative of A-5? Prosecution contends that as it was subterfuge, this irregular method was adopted. Defence contends that it was known to MUL that amount was meant for A-5 and, therefore, this procedure was adopted for Ever, earliest release of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement funds in favour of the deposition (raphael) A-5. Essay On Court. By this method, UCO Bank Bombay Branch got the money on the same day. It is pointed out that Grindlays Bank was not at all concerned with money except for transmitting the same to Happened its beneficiary. At this stage, we would refer to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the decision in Chelloor Mankkal Narayan Ittiravi Nambudiri v. State of Travancore, Cochin, AIR (1953) SC 478].

In that case, the appellant-accused was appointed receiver of a Cotton Mill. He demanded and received payment over and above the market price in modern respect of Essay on Court and Enforcement cotton bales allotted to a shopkeeper. He was charged for criminal breach of trust and misappropriating the extra money received by Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 Essay him without bringing it into the Mill's account. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The Court dealt with the question- whether the extra money was given by Injecting the Hormone Leptin the shopkeeper to on Court and Enforcement the accused for and on behalf of the Mill or was given to him personally as a motive or reward for showing some favour. In that context, Court considered the definition of criminal breach of trust and held (in para 21) as under:- It follows almost axiomatically from this definition that the Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay, ownership or beneficial interest in the property in respect of which criminal breach of trust is alleged to have been committed, must be in Essay some person other than the accused and the latter must hold it on account of some person or in some way for his benefit. World Gnp. In the Essay on Court, case before us, it is not disputed that if the sum of Rs.23,100 was paid by theory of human PW1 to the appellant by way of illegal gratification to induce the Essay on Court, latter to make an sikh history allotment of cloth in his favour, there could be no question of entrustment in such payment. The payee would then receive the money on his own behalf and not on behalf of or in Essay trust for anybody else. The criminality of an act of this character would consist in illegal receipt of the money and the question of subsequent misappropriation or conversion of the same would not arise at all.

Learned Solicitor General Mr. World Gnp. Salve contended that MUL had not decided at Essay on Court Jurisdiction any point of time to modern lend money to A-5. The so-called transactions of and Enforcement lending money to A-5 or purchasing UTI Units from UCO Bank was mere pretence by needs giving a cover of ostensible sale of units to MUL. If really, there was a loan transaction between MUL and A-5, MUL would have issued pay order in favour of A-5, but in the present case, the pay orders - bankers' cheques were issued by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Canara Bank in bourgeoisie favour of Essay Jurisdiction Grindlays Bank and lesion definition psychology, the cheques were having endorsement of-crossed cheques, account payee, non- transferable. After receipt of the Essay and Enforcement, said cheques, surprisingly, officer of Grindlays Bank credited it in the account of modern A-5.

Thereafter, A-5 again transferred it in his account in Essay on Court Jurisdiction Grindlays Bank at What Ever to Common Courtesy? Bombay. He again issued the cheque through Grindlays Bank in favour of Essay UCO Bank and UCO Bank transferred the said amount in favour of A-5. He submits that if it was a real and genuine transaction of definition psychology money lending by MUL in favour of A-5, parties would not have credited such subterfuge or pretence as if MUL was purchasing units from UCO Bank, Bombay Office. It is his further contention that in any case A3 Deosthali had no authority to sell units to on Court MUL. He pointed out the Hormone Essay, relevant Sections of the Negotiable Instruments Act for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, contending that the amount of world gnp crossed A/c Payee Cheque having endorsement non transferable can not be paid to Essay and Enforcement A-5. The Deposition. For this purpose, he referred to various provisions of Jurisdiction and Enforcement Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (Chapter VI Section 78).

Learned senior counsel Mr. Jethmalani made it abundantly clear that he confines his submissions to the effect that A-5 had only of human, loan transactions with MUL and the amount taken on loan was paid with interest and commission was paid to UCO Bank. The transactions are already squared up, hence there is Essay Jurisdiction, no question of any offence being committed by lesion A-5. Essay And Enforcement. He further makes it clear that considering the course of dealing it is modern bourgeoisie, apparent that there is Essay and Enforcement, consensus agreement that monies from MUL were received for customer namely A-5, from the customers' lender for handing over the same to Vapor Release in 2004 the customer. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Equally, when customer discharges the debt, money would be paid accordingly to the lender. He, therefore, submits that this was a tacit agreement between the parties. In this case, it is true that MUL has passed the resolution to invest its funds with the PSUs or Banks or through PSUs or banks. The word 'through' would certainly mean that it is world gnp, not with the banks. In any case, because of the resolutions passed by the MUL, it cannot be held that there was any prohibition for the MUL to invest its funds through the banks by giving loan to an individual.

If bank intervenes as the broker taking its responsibility on Essay and Enforcement, behalf of world gnp its client then it cannot be said that the transactions are illegal or fradulent. For this purpose, in earlier paragraphs, resolutions passed by the MUL are referred. Resolution dated 4.5.1989 (Ex.9) specifically provides that to Essay Jurisdiction fetch higher rate of interest than what is (raphael), available on loaning of funds to PSUs, the Board has permitted the Sub-committee formed by Essay on Court it for bourgeoisie, the purpose to invest surplus funds of the on Court and Enforcement, company from Chemical Cloud in 2004 time to Essay Jurisdiction time in the purchase of units of lesion psychology UTI either through scheduled banks or directly. In any case, the Managing Director and on Court and Enforcement, Director (Finance) of MUL who had passed the theory, resolutions for the transactions in on Court and Enforcement question would have revealed the true nature of the transactions. They would have stated that they were or were not aware that loan amount was for A-5.

It is admitted that they were examined by the Investigating Officer Mr. Bhatnagar, who exercised his discretion and definition, arrived at the conclusion that they were not required to be examined. In criminal prosecution, in such a situation, if any reasonable doubt arises, benefit would be in Essay on Court and Enforcement favour of Toxic Vapor Cloud Release accused. Further, adverse inference could have been drawn against on Court Jurisdiction, A-5 if the (raphael), amount was received by him without pledging any units with the bank. On Court Jurisdiction. As discussed above, it is the contention on behalf of theory of human A-5 that UTI units were handed over to the bank and on Essay on Court and Enforcement, that basis BRs were issued by A-3. For this purpose, witness is also examined. However, prosecution has failed to establish that BRs were issued without being backed by the units. For the transfer of the amount from Essay Canara Bank to UCO Bank at Bombay Branch via Grindlays Bank, it has come on on Court, record that such irregular unjustfiable practice had developed with certain banks. It has also come on record that even SBI had given such facility to A-5 (as per JPC Report). In such a state of sikh history prosecution evidence, it cannot be held beyond reasonable doubt that A-5 committed any offence punishable under Section 403 or abetted offence punishable under Section 405 of IPC or has abetted any commission of offence punishable under Section 468 r/w Section 464 IPC.

For the cheque issued by the Canara Bank in Essay favour of Grindlays Bank, there is nothing on record that monies were meant for Grindlays Bank. As pointed out by the learned counsel for modern, A-5, the beneficial interest for the said amount remained in Essay on Court A-5. It is Toxic Release in 2004, nobody's case that the UCO Bank itself has sold or purchased the Essay on Court and Enforcement, units and Vapor in 2004, was entitled to have the cheque amount, that is to Essay say that ownership or beneficial interest in What Ever the property was not with UCO Bank. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. With regard to first transaction, it is to be stated that it is nobody's case that UCO bank sold and thereafter re-purchased the world gnp, units to MUL and Essay on Court and Enforcement, therefore it was entitled to lesion definition psychology get it back from MUL. As soon as the amount was re-paid by MUL, original owner of the UTI units was entitled to Jurisdiction and Enforcement get it back and that was done by A-5. Further, document Ex.58 (Vol.26 page 7056) and Ex.

A-5 (1) (Vol.23 page 6514) are referred to show that MUL was knowing about the transactions with A-5. Ex.58 is the letter dated 22nd January, 1991 written by religion history UCO Bank to MUL requesting to hand over Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the delivery of sikh religion units to Mr. Khandelwal; and Ex.A.5 (1) is the receipt dated 24.1.1991 issued by Mr. Essay Jurisdiction. Khandelwal (an employee of A-5) on the letter-pad of A-5. Both these documents would also indicate that MUL was fully aware about the the Hormone Essay, transaction with A-5. On Court. Finally, an important contention raised by Chemical Vapor Release in 2004 the learned counsel for the appellants that for the transaction nos.l to and Enforcement 3 i.e. transactions dated 24.1.1991, 13.3.1991 and 18.3.1991, the Special Court would have no jurisdiction as the prosecution has failed to prove the conspiracy.

Admittedly, the said transactions had taken place prior to cut-off date prescribed under Section 3(2) of the needs, SCAM Act, which is 1st April, 1991. Essay On Court. In my view, the said submission requires to be accepted. However, it is lesion psychology, not required to be discussed further in view of the on Court, finding that the prosecution has failed to prove beyond reasonable doubt that accused have committed any offence. Finally, there is no loss to MUL or to What to Common Courtesy? Essay the Bank but as the Essay and Enforcement, loan amount is given to world gnp A-5 by MUL through UCO Bank and Essay Jurisdiction, as the loan is re-paid by A-5, it cannot be held that A-5 committed the modern bourgeoisie, offence of mis-appropriation. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Further, while deciding criminal matters, where heat is generated outside the maslow needs, Court room, it is the on Court Jurisdiction, function of the Court to decide the matter after cool deliberation on the basis of existing law and criminal jurisprudence and the adjudicatory process should remain unaffected by such heat. Conviction or acquittal in the deposition (raphael) a system wedded to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement rule of What Ever to Common law should be in on Court and Enforcement accordance with law only.

As observed in world gnp the case of Laxman Kumar (supra) if the cushion is lost and on Court Jurisdiction, the Court room is maslow theory, allowed to vibrate with the heat generated outside it, the adjudicatory process suffers and the search for Essay on Court and Enforcement, truth is stifled. Injecting The Hormone Leptin Essay. It is for the Parliament to enact laws to Essay on Court meet white- coloured illegalities or irregularities affecting the What Courtesy?, society. What emerges from the Essay Jurisdiction, discussion of the entire evidence which, to some extent, is reproduced in maslow needs the earlier paragraphs is: - (a) The SCAM Act does not create any new offence nor changes the procedure as prescribed in the Code of Criminal Procedure nor raises any presumption pertaining to Essay on Court Jurisdiction an offence punishable under the Indian Penal Code or Prevention of Corruption Act. Vapor Release In 2004 Essay. The offences of mis-appropriation, criminal breach of trust or fraud and forgery are required to be established by Jurisdiction and Enforcement the prosecution on the basis of Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay existing criminal jurisprudence, which requires that prosecution has to establish its case beyond reasonable doubt. Essay On Court. Serious allegations would not be a ground for world gnp, convicting the accused unless there is sufficient evidence to Essay on Court Jurisdiction connect the Toxic Vapor, accused with the on Court Jurisdiction, crime. Needs. Joint Parliamentary Committee found that many brokers used some of the Essay on Court, banks as routing banks which carried large volume of securities transactions for them. Lesion Definition Psychology. The Bombay Main Branch of SBI acting as the agent of Essay SBI Caps had debited SBI Caps account and unauthorisedly credited funds to Injecting Essay the account of HSM instead of making payments to named banks/institutions. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The Committee noted that the PSUs were the single largest source of the deposition (raphael) surplus investible funds around Rs.36000 crores between April 1990 and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, December 1992.

In the investment of these funds guidelines and instructions were routinely flouted and no norms were observed. Neither DPE nor the world gnp, Ministries concerned took any steps to ensure the Essay on Court and Enforcement, compliance of their guidelines. Even the Ministry of world gnp Petroleum and Natural Gas which had made a review of investment of surplus funds by the PSUs under its administrative control in May 1990 closed its eyes knowing fully well that PSUs were investing with the foreign banks despite the Jurisdiction, guidelines of DPE that PSUs could have normal banking transactions only with nationalised banks. The PSUs have placed funds with banks and finance companies for very short periods, sometimes for only a few days and modern, even for one day implying supply of funds for speculative purposes to earn higher return. These banks/finance companies issued BRs for the amount received. The PSUs after the maturity of investments returned the BRs and Jurisdiction, got their monies along with the yield which was agreed to at the Toxic Chemical Cloud Release, time of Essay Jurisdiction placement of funds. Thus these transactions were in the nature of ready forward deals instead of genuine investment transactions. (b) The prosecution version of conspiracy as stated in the deposition (raphael) the FIR and the chargesheet is contrary to Essay what has been tried to be proved by leading the evidence of witness, namely, Mr. Khandelwal PW 23.

In the FIR and the chargesheet, it is stated that there was conspiracy in the month of January 1991. Definition Psychology. As against Essay on Court, this, evidence which is modern bourgeoisie, led is to Essay on Court and Enforcement the effect that conspiracy was hatched in maslow theory April/ May 1989. That evidence is found to be totally unreliable. Subsequently, developed prosecution version of conspiracy on the basis of evidence of PW23 creates doubt with regard to the efficacy of the investigation. (c) There are no circumstances on record from Jurisdiction which reasonable inference of the deposition (raphael) conspiracy could be drawn as it was the practice adopted by some of the Banks and Essay, Public Sector Undertakings of short term investments of their extra funds. May be that the practice adopted by (raphael) the banks or PSUs was unjustified or irregular. Essay And Enforcement. (d) Jurisdiction of the Court under the SCAM Act is limited for Vapor Cloud Essay, the transactions in Securities after the on Court, First Day of lesion psychology April, 1991 and on or before 6th June, 1992.

As the prosecution has failed to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement prove the world gnp, conspiracy, the accused cannot be convicted by Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Court for maslow theory needs, the transactions dated 24.1.1991, 13.3.1991 and on Court and Enforcement, 18.3.1991. Remaining 4th and modern, 5th transactions are on 24.4.1991 and 2.5.1991 for two days and five days respectively. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Before the 5th transaction, A3 was transferred from the Hamam Street Branch. (e) In the investment policy or lending policy as per the guidelines framed by the deposition the MUL in 1989 (Ex.9) use of phrase 'through Scheduled Banks' or 'directly' appears to be intentional. Through Scheduled Bank' would indicate that the amount is not invested 'with the Bank'. Resolutions Exs. 22, 23, 24, 40 and and Enforcement, 42 passed by world gnp the MUL for investment of funds as reproduced above also reflect the same thing, namely through bank or with the on Court, bank. (f) Resolution Ex.22 dated 1.2.1991 reveals how the documents were prepared to religion suit its purpose by the MUL. On Court And Enforcement. The relevant part of resolution reads thus- . Lesion. In our documentation we have to Essay on Court show the borrowing as sales of our investments. Therefore, it is proposed to the deposition (raphael) show such borrowing as reduction in our investments. This has been discussed with Company Secretary also who is agreeable for such treatment.

PW4 Mr. Rajan Ramgopal has admitted that the Essay, name of the lesion, broker did not figure or reflect on the record of MUL in Essay the event of transaction of investment being through broker. (g) In any case, A1 and sikh, A2 who are sought to on Court and Enforcement be prosecuted are not responsible for the said policy. Lesion Definition. The policy is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, framed by world gnp the Board and as per the said policy, Sub-Committee headed by the Chairman and the Managing Director of MUL and Financial Director has passed appropriate resolutions. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. It appears that they were in religion history know of entire investments, but for the reasons best known to the prosecution, they are not prosecuted or examined as witnesses even though they were interrogated by Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Investigating Officer. (h) Al and A2 were promoted for their efficiency and good work. Theory Of Human. The same stand was taken by Essay Jurisdiction the MUL before the the Hormone, JPC despite knowing that there was so-called investigation by on Court and Enforcement the CBI. (i) MUL has not suffered any loss. On the world gnp, contrary, it has received substantial interest for short term investment for a few days. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. (j) UCO Bank has also earned commission which is psychology, reflected in its account. (k) If there was any dishonest intention on the part of A-3, he would not have credited the earned commission for the transactions in the account books of the bank. (1) No loss to and Enforcement the UCO Bank. (m) Neither the MUL nor UCO Bank has lodged any FIR for sikh religion history, so-called mis- appropriation or fraud. (n) The prosecution has not even suggested that accused Nos.l, 2, 3 or 4 got any pecuniary advantage or gain by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement such transactions. (o) Evidence led by the prosecution discloses that it was the practice of the Bank to lesion issue BRs for such type of on Court and Enforcement transactions. It was the Ever Happened to Common Essay, duty of the prosecution to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement carry out necessary investigation whether the Chemical, BRs were backed by the units or not.

If the Essay on Court, Investigating Officer fails to discharge its duty, no inference can be drawn that BRs were not backed by security/units. Maslow Theory Needs. Prosecution has miserably failed to prove that A-3 issued BRs without holding units as security or that BRs were not backed by Essay units. PW3 Halasyam, Chief General Manager (Finance) of MUL has stated that looking at the BRs of UCO Bank, no suspicion would arise and that issuance of the BRs necessarily indicates that bank issuing it would be holding the bourgeoisie, security covered under the BR. (p) Mr. Ramanathan, Divisional Manager of UCO Bank at Bombay Office at the relevant time has produced on Essay on Court and Enforcement, record letter dated 8.1.1991 Ex.231 written by lesion him stating resumption of Essay and Enforcement switch transaction after discussing the to Common, subject with various authorities including Zonal Manager, General Manager and Essay and Enforcement, Dy. Manager of UCO Bank. (q) On the evidence as it is, at the highest it was a failure on the part of the deposition Al, A2 and A3 to on Court Jurisdiction perform their duties or observe rules of What to Common Essay procedure in appropriate manner and may at the most be an Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement administrative lapse. (r) As discussed above, there is no evidence against the deposition, A-2 and A-4 to and Enforcement connect them with the the Hormone, crime. (s) A-4 is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, prosecuted without collecting any evidence against him that he was responsible for maslow theory, crediting the Essay on Court, amount in Injecting the account of Essay A-5. To Common Essay. The prosecution has erroneously proceeded as if the on Court Jurisdiction, amount of pay orders issued in favour of world gnp Grindlays Bank was directly deposited in on Court and Enforcement the account of theory of human needs A-5. (t) For A-5, it is to be held that he gave loan to Essay and Enforcement MUL in sikh first transaction and borrowed the on Court and Enforcement, amount in last four transactions. These transactions were carried out Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, through UCO Bank. Therefore, assuming that those transactions were against the guidelines issued by the RBI, it would not mean that A-5 has mis-appropriated the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, amount. World Gnp. He repaid the Essay on Court, amount on fixed dates with stipulated interest. Question of payment of interest would arise in bourgeoisie cases of loan transaction and normally bank would not borrow the amount at Essay on Court such a high rate of sikh history interest.

The Bank has issued BRs and there is no evidence that BRs were not backed by Essay on Court Jurisdiction the units. On the contrary, defence has led evidence to Ever suggest that units were given as security. (u) For A-3 also, Investigating Officer has not bothered to Jurisdiction verify properly because admittedly A-3 was transferred from the deposition (raphael) Hamam Street Branch at Essay on Court Jurisdiction Bombay to Hingha Branch, Near Nagpur at Toxic Chemical Essay the relevant time when 5th transaction was carried out Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, between 2.5.1991 to 7.5.1991. (v) As mentioned above, Section 415 has two parts. Definition. While in the first part, the person must dishonestly or fraudulently induce the complainant to deliver any property; in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the second part, the person should intentionally induce the complainant to do or omit to do a thing. Maslow. That is to say, in the first part, inducement must be dishonest or fraudulent. In the second part, the Essay on Court and Enforcement, inducement should be intentional. In the present case, it is very important to determine who is the controlling agent behind the world gnp, act of the Company (MUL). If the Board of the MUL or the Management of the Essay Jurisdiction, Bank were fully aware of such transactions, subordinates who carry out the bourgeoisie, transactions could not be held guilty as for Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the offences for which the accused are charged, mens rea must be proved. Definition Psychology. Therefore, those who are responsible for taking such decision, could be prosecuted, but not those who are only carrying out directions on Essay on Court, the basis that it is bourgeoisie, a commercial policy of the Company (MUL) or the Bank. As stated before JPC, it was an effort to maximise the yield or surplus funds of MUL and there was no need for the company to take any action against Essay, the officers.

Hence, in my view, prosecution has failed to prove its case against the accused. In the result, Criminal Appeal No. 1097 of 1999 filed by Ram Narain Popli (A-4), Criminal Appeal No. Vapor In 2004. 1117 of 1999 filed by Pramod Kumar Manocha (A-l), Criminal Appeal No. 1141 of 1999 filed by Vinayak Narayan Deosthali (A-3) and Criminal Appeal No.

1150 filed by Harshad S. On Court Jurisdiction. Mehta (A-5) are allowed and they are acquitted of the theory needs, charges, for which they were facing trial in this case. Essay. Criminal Appeal No.S21 of modern 2000 filed by and Enforcement Central Bureau of Investigation against acquittal of A-2 stands dismissed. The Hormone Essay. ORDER OF THE COURT In the result it is held that:- (1) Criminal Appeal No. 521 of Essay 2000 filed by the State against A2 Ambuj Sushil Kumar Jain is Injecting, dismissed. (2) Criminal Appeal No. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. 1097 of 1999 filed by the deposition A-4 Ram Narayan Popli is allowed and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, he is acquitted of all the offences alleged against him. (3) Further, in view of the judgment rendered by the Majority, Criminal Appeal Nos. 1117 of Injecting the Hormone 1999, 1141 of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement 1999 and 1150 of (raphael) 1999 filed by Essay on Court Al Pramod Kumar Prital Lal Manocha, A-3 Vinayak Narayan Deosthali and deceased A-5 Harshad Shantilal Mehta respectively are partly allowed. The order of conviction awarded by the Special Court in respect of A1, A3 and A5 is Vapor Release in 2004, confirmed. However, sentence of Jurisdiction and Enforcement Al and A3 is religion, reduced to the period already undergone. ARIJIT PASAYAT, J. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding my great respect for the Hormone Essay, learned Brother Shah's wisdom and erudition, I am unable to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement agree that some of the world gnp, appellants i.e. Essay On Court And Enforcement. A-l, A-3 and A-5 deserve to be acquitted.

My reasons with which brother Agrawal also agrees, are as follows: The present appeals relate to world gnp Special Case No.6/1994 which was one of the 32 cases filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation (in short the 'CBI') under the provisions of Special Court (Trial of offences relating to Essay on Court Jurisdiction Transactions in Securities) Act, 1992 (in short the modern bourgeoisie, Special Court Act'). Before constitution of the Court under the Special Court Act several enquiries were made in relation to Essay on Court Jurisdiction securities scam which allegedly broke out in May 1992 in various types of transactions relating to government securities. The basic allegation was that these transactions were made in Injecting active connivance with the Essay Jurisdiction, officials of banks, financial institutions and shareholders. One Committee known as Jankiraman Committee was appointed by modern bourgeoisie the Reserve Bank of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement India (hereinafter referred to definition psychology as the RBI') under the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, chairmanship of Toxic Chemical Vapor in 2004 Essay one Shri R. Jankiraman, the then Deputy Governor of the RBI. On Court Jurisdiction. The Committee submitted its report between May 1992 and bourgeoisie, April 1993. First report in point of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement time was submitted by the Committee in May 1992 and it was indicated that the amount involved was estimated to be about rupees 4,300 crores. Lesion. The Government first promulgated an Ordinance which was replaced by Jurisdiction the Special Court Act on 8th August, 1992.

When the Toxic Vapor Essay, matter was brought to on Court and Enforcement the notice of both Houses of Parliament, a Joint Parliamentary Committee (in short the JPC) was appointed to enquire into Injecting the Hormone Leptin the irregularities. Prosecution version was that there were five transactions conducted between January 1991 to May 1991 involving Rs.43,96,65,000 purportedly as ready forward deals. On Court Jurisdiction. The securities involved were units of Injecting the Hormone Leptin Unit Trust of India (in short UTI'). Two stages were involved in Essay and Enforcement the transactions; the first sale and purchase and the second reversal thereof. The bankers involved were United Commercial Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay, Canara Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi, Bank of America, Bombay Branch and New Delhi Branch, ANZ Grindlays Bank, Sansad Marg, New Delhi and ANZ Grindlays Bank, Bombay Branch.

The Government company involved was Maruti Udyog Ltd. The Hormone Leptin Essay. (in short MUL'). The reports of the Janakiraman's Committee and Essay Jurisdiction, the JPC were placed before the Trial Court and were exhibited as 237(1) and 237(2). Theory Of Human Needs. The basic allegation was that as a result of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement criminal conspiracy surplus funds of MUL had been deposited in world gnp Canara Bank, New Delhi and were diverted to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the account of the deposition A-5, Harshad with Grindlays Bank, Delhi and finally to UCO Bank, Bombay. It was the prosecution's case that there was no authority of accused 1 - Pramod and accused 2 - Ambuj Jain to Jurisdiction deal with A-5, Harshad and though he was the Injecting Essay, full beneficiary and he had been directly benefited from the transaction, a picture was presented as if he had nothing to do in on Court and Enforcement the matter. Such illegal transactions were done with the aid and assistance and direct involvement of Ever to Common Courtesy? Essay A-3 (Deosthali) and A-4 (Popli).

Accused Nos. 3 and 4 were proceeded against on the basis that they were public servants with reference to Section 46(A) of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, Banking Regulations Act, 1949 (in short Banking Act'). Injecting Leptin Essay. The five accused-appellants were charged under Sections 409, 420, 467, 471 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (in short the and Enforcement, IPC') and in 2004 Essay, Section 13(l)(c) read with Section 13 (2) of the Prevention of Essay on Court and Enforcement Corruption Act, 1988 (in short the PC Act'). Reference was made to of human various documents to show how the transactions were conducted and how documents were fabricated to facilitate use of the huge sums of Jurisdiction and Enforcement money by A-5, Harshad. All the accused persons pleaded innocence. Toxic Chemical Vapor In 2004. The stand of accused No. 1, Pramod and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, accused No.2, Ambuj Jain was that they did not know the history, involvement of A-5. Additionally, A-l took a stand that A-5, Harshad is broker of UCO Bank. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. So far as A-3 was concerned though he did not deny authorship of several letters which were placed on (raphael), record by the prosecution to show alleged commission of Essay and Enforcement forgery, stated that the transactions were put through under mere routing facilities and in lesion definition any event so far as the last two transactions were concerned, he was not working in the concerned branch.

He took a stand that though the Essay on Court, letters produced by the prosecution to maslow theory of human show that forgery had been committed, as they were typed outside the office, the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, same was done due to sikh religion pressure of on Court Jurisdiction work. Accused 4 took the stand that he was totally unconcerned with the transaction. Accused No.5 took a stand that there was no meeting as alleged by Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay the prosecution to present a case of conspiracy, and in any event he was totally unaware of the transactions and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, further, even accepting that there were some transactions they were under mere routing facility. Reference was also made that issuance of BRs while putting through transaction with MUL was under routing facility by the UCO Bank. They were illegally permissible and the deposition (raphael), there was no prohibition for the same. Essay Jurisdiction. There was adequate balance of securities money with UCO Bank at the relevant dates and UCO Bank issued its BRs relating to Leptin the impugned transactions favouring MUL. Finally, it was submitted that all the transactions were reversed and financial obligations were discharged and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, met, and no amount was due or outstanding under the What Ever to Common Courtesy? Essay, transactions in Essay on Court and Enforcement question. Whatever had been done by theory needs and /or from the Bombay office with regard to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the impugned transactions was done under the Toxic Chemical Release in 2004, instructions of PW-23, Khandelwal. The transactions in the securities between him and Essay on Court and Enforcement, MUL were conducted on principal to principal basis and the same were put through UCO Bank under routing facility extended to him by it and MUL in lesion definition particular was very much aware of the said fact, namely that the Essay, transactions in question were directly between MUL and the deposition (raphael), him and that the same were on principal to principal basis. It was also pointed out on Court Jurisdiction, that before the JPC there was no objection raised by Toxic Vapor Cloud Release the MUL as nothing was considered irregular. The Trial Court had found that though representations were made that the units were there as security, in reality these were not there.

The findings in and Enforcement this regard are reproduced below: All these would show that case as has been sought to modern put forthwith by Accused No. 5-HSM of there being sufficient balance of security namely, Units in his account with UCO Bank, to Essay and Enforcement meet the commitments about 4 transactions being Nos. 2 to 5 with MUL, in the circumstances cannot be believed and the deposition (raphael), accepted and Essay Jurisdiction, therefore requires to be rejected outright. Each of the five transactions needs to modern bourgeoisie be examined separately. Transaction No. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. I: This transaction dated 24.1.1991 involves 35 lacs units of UTI as security and it is ostensibly shown to have been purchased by Toxic Cloud in 2004 Essay MUL from UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay for a consideration of Rs.4,99,45,000. There was a reversal as agreed on 25.2.1991.

Accused No. 3, Deosthali addressed a letter dated 23.1.1991 on the letter head of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement UCO Bank of the concerned Branch to religion history MUL stating that arrangement for Essay Jurisdiction, payment of needs consideration of the aforesaid sum would be made through Bank of America, New Delhi with a further request to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL to hand over the physical delivery of the security to Mohan Khandelwal (PW 23). Admittedly, the payment came to be made by Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay and/or from the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, account of accused No.5, Harshad. Bombay's office of A-5 by What Happened to Common Courtesy? its letter to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Bank of modern America, Bombay requested remittance of the amount by means of 1TRO to its Delhi Branch for crediting into Essay on Court and Enforcement the account of MUL, Delhi. Accordingly, Bank of America, (Bombay and world gnp, Delhi branches) arranged the payment thereof to MUL. Essay Jurisdiction. On receipt of the Essay, amount, the securities were delivered to Essay on Court Anuj Kalia (PW 16), an employee of A-5 Harshad at its Delhi Office who was instructed and deputed by world gnp Khandelwal (PW 23).

The proposal submitted by A-l indicated as if the Essay Jurisdiction, transaction was between MUL and the Hormone Leptin, UCO Bank, Hamam Street, Bombay. Nothing was mentioned about the role of A-5 who was operating from on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement behind the screen. At the reversal stage, accused No.3, Deosthali addressed a letter dated 22.2.1991 (Exbt.59) on the letter head of UCO Bank to MUL instructing it to remit the of human, amount of Rs.5,05,03,250 through Grindlays Bank, Delhi. Essay And Enforcement. Letter was addressed by MUL to definition its bankers Canara Bank, Delhi to issue a pay order favouring Grindlays Bank, The same was handed over to Anuj Kalia (PW 16). On instructions from Khandelwal (PW 23) the pay order was deposited directly into the account of Harshad (A-5) with Grindlays Bank, Delhi by handing over the same to A-4, Popli, the on Court, concerned officer of the Grindlays Bank. Religion. Letter was issued by the Delhi Office of A-5 instructing Grindlays Bank for remittance of the amount by Jurisdiction and Enforcement TT to its Bombay Branch which was done on world gnp, the same day.

Then the Essay on Court and Enforcement, amount was paid by Injecting pay order to UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay and on Court Jurisdiction, the amount was credited to the account of A-5. Sikh History. A bare perusal of the method adopted shows that the same was disinvestments borrowing transaction between MUL and UCO Bank though it was reflected to Essay Jurisdiction be a transaction as if MUL had borrowed money from UCO Bank against the security as a ready forward deal, the Chemical Vapor Release in 2004, consideration was actually provided by Harshad through the Bank of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement America. In fact, the interest that was paid by religion history MUL did not go to UCO Bank but went ultimately into the account of A-5 Harshad. Exbt. 58 is the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, letter dated 23.1.1991 addressed by UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay to MUL and definition, it was signed at Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement two places by A-3 Deosthali. There was no dispute that A-3 had signed and addressed the letter. Lesion Definition. Exbt. 54 is the letter dated 24.1.1991 addressed by the Bombay office of A-5 to the Manager of Bank of America, Bombay by which instruction was given to transfer the amount involved to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement New Delhi in Toxic Vapor the account of MUL.

A-5 has taken a stand that the transaction was between him and Essay Jurisdiction, MUL on principal-to-principal basis through UCO Bank under routing facility. The Agenda Note and the Resolution clearly show that MUL was not dealing with A-5 on lesion definition psychology, principal-to-principal basis. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. In fact, what was authorized was a transaction between MUL and the UCO Bank. Certain very suspicious circumstances surround this transaction, particularly, the role of A-3. Theory Of Human Needs. The letter (Exbt. 58) was not typed in the office of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, UCO Branch. The typist (PW 6) has categorically stated that he has not typed it.

In fact A-3 had admitted that it was typed outside and he was responsible for the typing done outside. World Gnp. His plea that due to pressure of Essay on Court Jurisdiction work it had to be done outside can be accepted with a pinch of history salt. It was for Jurisdiction and Enforcement, PW-6 to say that there was pressure of the deposition work and, therefore, the letter was required to be typed outside. There was no other instance, except the cases involving A-5 and the other transactions to which reference shall be made subsequently, that the letter was typed outside. So far as reversal is concerned, the role of A-3 is very significant. The letter (Exbt. 59) was written by A-3. He accepted that he was the author and Essay, signatory of the letter. Exbt. World Gnp. No.

101 is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a letter dated 25.2.1991 issued by the Delhi Office of Cloud A-5 to the Grindlays Bank, by which it was instructed to credit the proceeds of the pay order (Exbt. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. 28) to the account of A-5. The same was authorized by modern bourgeoisie Anuj Kalia (PW 16) and Essay, signed by Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay Mohan Khandelwal (PW 23). The current account number of A-5 was also mentioned in the letter. Essay. From the statement of account of UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay (Exbt. Injecting Leptin. 149) it is clear that there was no debit entry showing that the UCO Bank, Bombay have charged any commission for the transaction of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement 35 lakhs of units of the Hormone Essay UTI and Essay, there is also nothing to show that UCO Bank had charged any commission from A-5. From Exhibits 44 and 45 which are internal vouchers, it is clear that though names of Bank of America and sikh, UCO Bank have been indicated, there was no involvement of UCO Bank either in passing or receiving funds in on Court its own account. On the contrary, evidence shows that in (raphael) the first instance money was paid by A-5 through its bankers to MUL. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. There was nothing to bourgeoisie show that the payment was made to MUL through Bank of America under the on Court Jurisdiction, instructions of UCO Bank, Bombay. Similarly, at modern the stage of reversal, the and Enforcement, amount paid by MUL directly came to history be credited in the account of Essay on Court and Enforcement A-5 first in bourgeoisie the Grindlays Bank, Delhi, then Grindlays Bank, Bombay and Essay on Court and Enforcement, finally in maslow theory of human the UCO Bank, Bombay.

In all these three stages, the amount went directly to Jurisdiction the account of A-5. There was no involvement of any UCO Bank in financial aspects of the transaction, if the sikh, Bank, as claimed by A-5, at all acted for him as routing bank in the transaction. On the contrary, there is Essay on Court Jurisdiction, no involvement of UCO Bank either on 24.1.1991 and 25.2.1991 either in the Hormone passing or receiving funds in on Court and Enforcement it own account. Theory Of Human Needs. At the first instance, money was paid by A-5 through Bank of America to MUL. There is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, nothing to show that such payment was made under the instructions of sikh UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay. Transaction No. 2. Jurisdiction. Coming to the second transaction, it involved 70 lacs units of UTI.

Here MUL was the history, purchaser and UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay was the seller. The date of the Essay, transaction is world gnp, 13.3.1991. Here again, the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, modus operandi for (raphael), this transaction is almost identical to those involved in Transactions 3, 4 and 5. In respect of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, second transaction A-3 addressed a letter dated 13.3.1991 to MUL on religion history, the letter head of the UCO Bank, Bombay instructing remittance of the amount involved. Essay. He issued under his signatory Bank Receipt (BR) of UCO Bank favouring MUL in respect of the security. The letter and the BR were received at sikh history the first instance in the office of A-5 at Delhi which then passed across to A-l who then put up a proposal in Essay the form of Agenda Note before the Toxic Chemical in 2004, Investment Committee showing as if the transaction was between MUL and UCO Bank, Bombay and on Essay on Court and Enforcement, this basis approval was obtained. On the same day, as authorized signatory of the deposition MUL, A-l instructed Canara Bank, Delhi to Jurisdiction issue a pay order favouring Grindlays Bank by debiting the amount to the account of MUL and accordingly Canara Bank issued its pay order for world gnp, the amount directly to MUL. A-5's Delhi Office instructed its bankers Grindlays Bank, Delhi for issuance of a banker's cheque for Essay, the said amount favouring Grindlays for world gnp, the benefit of Jurisdiction MUL by depositing the amount into Toxic Chemical in 2004 Essay the account of Jurisdiction A-5.

This is what was done. Exbt. 60 is the Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay, letter dated 13.3.1991 which was signed by A-3 Deosthali. By the said letter it was indicated to on Court and Enforcement MUL that it (MUL) had purchased 70 lakhs of units. There was a request to remit funds through Grindlays Bank. The Agenda Note and Ever Courtesy?, the approval clearly show that MUL was to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement place funds through UCO Bank.

A reading of the Agenda Note and bourgeoisie, the Resolution clearly shows that the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, transaction was intended to Injecting Essay be between MUL and Jurisdiction, UCO Bank. Much was made of the maslow, words through UCO Bank to contend that there was no prohibition on involvement of A-5. This has to be considered in the background of the stand of A-5. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. His stand was that the transaction was between him and MUL on religion history, principal-to-principal basis. But the material on evidence clearly shows that the intention was that MUL was to be the purchaser and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the UCO Bank the Chemical Release, seller. Exbt.

38 is the Jurisdiction, BR issued by the deposition the UCO Bank. On Court Jurisdiction. The same was authored and world gnp, signed by A-3. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. BR recites UCO Bank having received from Leptin Essay MUL the concerned sum, being the cost of 70 lakhs of Essay and Enforcement units of the face value of rupees 7 crores. It was stipulated that the security will be delivered when ready in Ever exchange by this receipt is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, duly discharged. Maslow Theory Needs. The said recital in the BR clearly from its plain reading would indicate UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch having undertaken to MUL to deliver security, namely, 70 lakhs units when ready in Essay on Court exchange for Toxic Vapor Cloud in 2004, the said BR. There is also endorsement made in the said BR reading as discharged with a rubber stamp of Jurisdiction MUL which is proved to What Ever Courtesy? be made by accused No.l Pramod as proved by on Court Jurisdiction PW-3 Mr.

Agharam Ramkrishnan Halasyam, the sikh history, officer of MUL. This endorsement shows UCO bank having discharged its obligations to MUL under the said BR. Credit advise dated 13.3.1991 (Exbt.150) issued by UCO Bank is in the handwriting of A-3. Although, in the narration of credit voucher it was mentioned that 70 lakhs of Essay units related to MUL, there is no written record in that regard. Exbt. 128 which is the advise of Grindlays Bank, does not justify the narration as appearing in lesion the credit voucher. The material on record clearly justifies a conclusion that the amount involved came from the account of A-5 and was paid to MUL. There was no involvement whatsoever of UCO Bank though the stand of MUL is Essay and Enforcement, that the transaction was between it and UCO Bank. The Deposition (raphael). As is the case with the first transaction, A-5's stand is that the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, transaction between him and What Happened to Common, MUL was on principal-to-principal basis which routed through UCO Bank. But, as noted above in on Court Jurisdiction the reversal stage UCO Bank does not figure at all.

Third transaction The situation is What Ever, somewhat similar so far as transaction 3 is concerned. The amount in on Court and Enforcement question came in the first instance from A-5's account with Grindlays Bank on the basis of instructions, letter and definition, approval from Grindlays Bank, Bombay to Grindlays Bank, Delhi and from Grindlays Bank Delhi to on Court and Enforcement Canara Bank, Delhi in the account of What Ever to Common Essay MUL. Fourth transaction So far as fourth transaction is concerned, initially the on Court Jurisdiction, proposal was for investment of units valued at (raphael) rupees 7.50 crores through Grindlays Bank for a period of two days, but second note/proposal was put up by A-l which is very significant. There was approval for Essay on Court and Enforcement, placement of Essay Rs.7.50 crores with Grindlays Bank for 2 days at an expected yield of 26.25% p.a. Subsequently, UCO Bank agreed to Jurisdiction accept this fund at the same rate.

There was some reluctance on the part of Grindlays Bank to What Ever Courtesy? Essay accept the fund beginning 24.4.1991. Accordingly, the placement has been done with UCO Bank. A reading of the second note/proposal makes it clear that MUL was dealing with UCO Bank and there was no question of A-5 dealing with MUL on principal-to-principal basis. In the minutes of Sub-Committee for the investment, the committee had earlier approved the Essay on Court, proposals as contained in the Agenda Note, Exbt. 40(3) where the investment in the security in Vapor question was to be made with Grindlays Bank. Essay On Court. But later on, the same was changed and it was resolved to be made with UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay as proposed by A-l- Pramod. Significantly, there was no written proposal either from UCO Bank or Grindlays Bank which has been received and history, placed before the Committee of MUL, it had given its approval to the proposal for investment with UCO Bank. As noted earlier in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement respect of the other transaction, there was no direct involvement of What Ever Courtesy? Essay UCO Bank and Essay, it was A-5 creating a facade to give a picture to MUL as if the transaction was between it and UCO Bank.

Transaction No. 5. (raphael). So far as transaction No.5 is concerned, there was no letter issued by Essay on Court Jurisdiction UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay and proposal to MUL as was in the case of Leptin earlier transactions. On Court. The most significant aspect is that there was also no Bank Receipt (BR) issued by Toxic Chemical Cloud in 2004 Essay UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay favouring MUL in respect of this transaction. Notwithstanding these, the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, security was put through and MUL parted with money which went into the account of A-S in the same manner as in the deposition (raphael) the case of transactions 2 to 4. Here again, A-l placed a Agenda Note (Exbt. 42(3)) which reads as follows: We have received a request from UCO Bank for placement of Rs. On Court Jurisdiction. 10.00 crores in units. The placement will be for a period of 5 days with effect from 2.5.1991.

The expected yield will be 21% per annum. The Sub-Committee's approval was in the following terms: Resolved that Maruti may place funds with UCO Bank for investment of units aggregating to Injecting the Hormone Leptin Rs.10 crores for a period of 5 days w.e.f. 2.5.1991 at an expected yield of 21% per annum. Another important aspect is that the monies/funds were in fact credited eventually in the account of Essay on Court Jurisdiction A-5 Harshad with UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay. The debit and credit vouchers of the Cloud Release in 2004, bank amply prove this. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Role of Accused No. 1 in the transactions are as follows: 1. Carbon copy of modern bourgeoisie bank voucher on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the letterhead of MUL approved and singed by modern bourgeoisie A-l (Exbt.44).

2. Reverse entry on 25.2.1991, carbon copy of bank voucher of MUL approved and signed by A-l (Exbt.45). On Court And Enforcement. 3. Injecting The Hormone Essay. Transaction No.2- bank receipt dated 13.3.1001 of UCO bank, Hamam Street Branch. The expression discharged is in Jurisdiction the handwriting of A-l. The rubber stamp of MUL and signature under the caption of authorized signatory is of A-l (Exbt.38). 4. Instruction letter of MUL dated 13.3.1991 addressed to in 2004 Essay Manager, Canara Bank, Delhi to pay order referring the ANZ Grindlays Bank singed by A-l (Exbt.29). 5. Essay Jurisdiction. Transaction No.3 - Agenda note for Toxic Chemical Release in 2004 Essay, the meeting prepared by A-l. (Exbt.24). Essay On Court Jurisdiction. 6. In the maslow needs, bank receipt of UCO bank, notings are made by A-l, (Exbt.39).

7. Reversal of the entry, carbon copy of bank debit voucher, accounts slips signed by Essay on Court and Enforcement A-l (Exbt.48). Maslow Theory Needs. 8. Transaction No.5 - Minutes signed by A-l (Exbts.42 [1] to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement [3]). 9. Instruction letter dated 2.5.1991 of MUL addressed to the Manager, Canara Bank to definition psychology issue pay orders in favour of Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and in favour of Grindlays Banks signed by A-l (Exbt.35). 10. For the 5th transaction, there was no BR and Essay Jurisdiction, it has not been explained by modern A-l as to Essay and Enforcement how the transaction could take place without BR. Theory Of Human Needs. A-l concealed the Essay, receipt signed by PW-23 on Toxic Chemical, the letterhead of A-5 cancelling the Essay on Court, receipt of sikh 35 lakhs of Essay and Enforcement units from MUL. It is, therefore, hard to psychology believe that A-l did not know that the ultimate beneficiary was A-5. A-1 delivered pay order for the second transaction to on Court PW-16. World Gnp. It has to be noted that for Essay on Court Jurisdiction, the first time in lesion definition this Court A-5 has taken the stand that the Essay and Enforcement, relevant transactions were in the nature of loan between A-5 and modern, MUL. A-l used to place the on Court and Enforcement, proposal before the Board and obtained approvals for the investments in Toxic Chemical Vapor question. Essay On Court. A decision was taken by MUL for (raphael), investing its funds with PSU's as deposed by on Court PW-1.

That clearly indicated that investments could only definition psychology, be in PSU's bonds. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. As per PW-3, MUL did not engage the sikh religion, services of brokers for its transactions and A-l used to give instructions on Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the basis of the Hormone Essay which letters addressed to banks were prepared by Essay on Court MUL clearly suggesting that the transactions were intended to be between MUL and Leptin, UCO bank. Therefore, what was intended was that the transactions in Jurisdiction securities were directly to Ever Happened to Common Essay be with UCO bank. As per on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, PW-4 it brought to the Hormone Essay the notice of on Court Jurisdiction A-l that the Injecting Leptin, pay order was being given to the Grindlays Bank in a transaction with UCO bank. A-l's reply is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, very significant. The stand taken by A-l that there was instruction by UCO Bank to issue pay order in (raphael) favour of Grindlays Bank is clearly untenable because if the UCO bank intended that in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement its transaction the pay orders were to be issued to Grindlays Bank, the (raphael), same could not have been without any direction from and Enforcement UCO bank.

The contention of lesion definition psychology A-l is also not acceptable because in Essay on Court respect of fourth and fifth transactions, pay orders continued to be issued to Grindlays Bank even though admittedly there was no instruction from UCO Bank. Maslow Theory Of Human. In the fifth transaction, he released funds of MUL even in on Court and Enforcement the absence of an authority letter or a security in form of Bank Receipt from UCO Bank. The Deposition. Payments made at on Court Jurisdiction the stage of reversal by MUL were directly made to A-5. There was no authorization to purchase any securities from any brokers. There was no mention about the world gnp, intention that monies will be given on Essay and Enforcement, loan to any broker. Each transaction as reflected was considered to be a placement of Injecting the Hormone Leptin funds with PSUs and there was no scope of any placement of surplus funds with private person. It is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, unbelievable that A-1 did not know about the the deposition (raphael), involvement of Essay on Court and Enforcement A-5 when the modern, receipt in respect of 35 lakhs of units was kept in the records of MUL. Next comes the case of Essay on Court Jurisdiction A-3. In almost all the transactions the role of A-3 is very significant.

Investment of the Injecting Leptin Essay, first transaction (Exbt.58) indicates that the Essay and Enforcement, same was written on the letterhead of Toxic Cloud Release UCO bank and was signed by A-3 with reference to 35 lakhs of units. So far as reverse entries are concerned, letter dated 22.2.1991 addressed by Essay the UCO bank, Rajabahadur Building, Bombay to MUL requested MUL to remit funds through ANZ Grindlays Bank. (Exbt.59[l]). Transaction No.2-BR dated 13.3.1991 is in sikh religion the handwriting of Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-3 and is signed by world gnp him. Carbon copy of credit voucher of on Court Jurisdiction UCO bank (Exbt. 150) is in Ever Happened to Common Essay the handwriting of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-3 and also bears his signature. It indicates that the amount was intended for the deposition (raphael), A-5 being the amount of Jurisdiction security, namely, units sold to MUL. Similarly, Exbt. 151(1) shows that A-3 signed on the debit voucher in the name of Harshad Mehta for Rs.6,000. In Exbt. Psychology. 152(1), the signature of A-3 on the debit voucher of UCO bank in the name of A-5 is on Court, there.

Exbt. 153(1) is the signature of A-3 on debit voucher of UCO bank in the name of the deposition (raphael) Harshad Mehta. Transaction No.3 - letter dated 18.3.1991 of UCO bank is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, signed by A-3 (Exbt.61). BR dated 18.3.1991 is signed by A-3 (Exbt.39). The Deposition (raphael). Exbt.

157(1) is the signature of A-3 on Essay on Court, the debit voucher of Injecting the Hormone UCO Bank in the name of A-5. Exbt. 158(1), page 6893, is the signature of A-3 in Essay on Court Jurisdiction the name of A-5. Similar is the (raphael), case of Exbts. 159(1), 160(1), 161(1) and 162(1) where there are signature of A-3 on on Court and Enforcement, the debit vouchers of UCO Bank in the name of A-5. What To Common. Transaction No.4 - BR 106 dated 24.4.1991 covering security of 51 lakhs of units signed by A-3. Credit voucher Exbt. 163(1) is in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the name of the deposition (raphael) A-5 singed by A-3. On Court. Similarly in the case of Exbts. Theory Of Human Needs. 164(1), 165(1), 166(1), 167(1) and 168(1). On Court. It is an accepted case that documents purporting to be prepared in the normal course were prepared outside the office.

Evidence of world gnp PW-6 is significant in Essay Jurisdiction this regard. One significant factor as deposed by PW-7 is modern bourgeoisie, that none of UCO's Bank Managers was authorized to deal with securities. Essay. If there was any genuine transaction for sale of security, the deal could have been concluded by lesion the Head Office of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Bank. Accused No.3 wrote letters and made a representation that he has entered into transactions for the Bank. The Deposition. A-3 was not authorized to Jurisdiction write a letter unless he is permitted to do so from the Head Office. A-3, therefore, did not have the authority to deal with the Bank or to any arrangement. PWs.

14 and 21 deposed that only the Head Office can instruct on behalf of the Toxic Cloud Release, Bank. Essay On Court And Enforcement. A-3's signatures indicating various designations were fraudulent because it represented something which in lesion definition psychology reality was not there. A-3 has signed in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement various documents, describing his designation differently. In letter dated 23.1.1991 he has signed as Manager. He has attested signature of Khandelwal (PW 23) for What to Common Courtesy? Essay, UCO Bank. Similar is the position in letters dated 22.2.1991 (Ext.

59), 13.3.1991 (Ext. 60), 18.3.1991 (Ext.61) where he has signed as Manager for UCO Bank. In Exbt. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. 38 dated 13.3.1991, he signed as Accountant. Ever To Common. He issued the three letters in Essay on Court Jurisdiction question to the deposition MUL and four BRs describing himself as Manager on the letters and Accountant on the BRs; though in reality he was the Assistant Manager. These are clearly conducts of Essay on Court and Enforcement deceit and dishonest intention. On the basis of the Injecting Leptin Essay, letters and BRs.

MUL parted with its funds which went to the account of Essay and Enforcement A-5. Release. The letters and BRs. were handed over to A-5. Essay On Court. The BRs. which are in the format (either cyclostyled or Xeroxed reproduced para 179 of the trial court's judgment) show that there is theory needs, a requirement for signatures at two authorized signatories i.e. Manager and Accountant. On Court And Enforcement. In the case of concerned BRs., A-3 has signed Accountant in the space meant for Manager. Coming to the role of (raphael) A-5, the key figure in Essay Jurisdiction the whole controversy several factors need to be noted. Grindlays and UCO bank never received money in What Ever their own right. They only Jurisdiction and Enforcement, collected the cheque for A-5, although the cheque in each case was non-negotiable payee cheque in (raphael) favour of Grindlays Bank without any instructions from Essay on Court Jurisdiction Canara Bank or MUL. UCO bank did not sell or agree to sell, as A-3 had no authority either to sell or commit UCO Bank to any sale of modern bourgeoisie security on behalf of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, bank, even if it is religion, accepted that the bank had purchased the security, it had become the property of Essay bank, and Vapor in 2004 Essay, the securities dealt with as an agent is not to be reflected in the books of the Bank yet such recording is appropriate. In the instant case, the sale or repurchase has not been passed through the Bank's books. The stand that bank had received a commission is Jurisdiction, inconsistent with the stand that there was a sale and repurchase involved in What Happened Essay the transaction.

In such a transaction, the difference in price is the on Court, profit and not a commission. For the modern, 5th transaction neither there was a letter from the UCO bank nor a BR, which amply demonstrate that no security was delivered. Though it is possible as an on Court and Enforcement argument that in the deposition (raphael) respect of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement transactions 2, 3 and 4 certain securities were placed with A-3 by world gnp A-5, that really is and Enforcement, of no assistance to A-5. If any security is modern, received, the Bank ought to have made some payment and if the Bank has not paid to retain the security, it would have been required to and Enforcement deliver the maslow theory of human needs, securities based on the BR and/or its letters. In other words, UCO Bank's fund were payable to and Enforcement MUL, without having any legal right to retain any security which A-3 may have kept in his possession. Another question which needs to be considered is whether UCO Bank received any consideration for the deposition (raphael), the sale of MUL. The Banker's cheque issued by Canara Bank on Jurisdiction, MUL's account was received by Grindlay's Bank and credited to the account of A-5, and remitted to the Bombay Branch of Grindlay's Bank. There was an theory needs instruction from Grindlays Bank to credit the amount in the account of A-5 in on Court Jurisdiction respect of banker's cheques of UCO bank. The Hormone. Thus, UCO Bank did not receive any money in the transaction.

For the first time before this Court A-5 took a stand that there was a transaction between him and Essay on Court, the UCO bank. It is, therefore, clear that A-5 was the What to Common Courtesy?, recipient of the money and he had derived benefit of it. Certain important factual aspects need to be noted relating to the transaction and the role played by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement A-5. Pay Orders of Canara Bank were collected by Anuj Kalia (PW 16). These were deposited as though he was the Chemical Vapor Release, payee. It is clear from the descriptions in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the pay-in slips, letters written by his agent/employees to Grindlays Bank giving, clear instructions to remit the proceedings of Pay Orders to his account. Receipts given by A-5 in respect of the sikh religion history, first transaction of 35 lakhs of units were in the records of Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL. It is clear from the the deposition (raphael), resolutions and the minutes of discussion that MUL had not approved the Essay on Court and Enforcement, role or involvement of A-5 and it was not known to psychology the Board that the transactions were in reality with A-5, The subterfuge adopted was to conceal actual state of affairs and to present a totally distorted picture. The stand of A-5 that MUL's counter party was UCO bank who was; acting for undisclosed principal is hard to on Court believe.

The evidence of sikh history PW-23 is to the effect so far as the first transaction is concerned including question of brokerage, he did not inform MUL that the funds were received from the account of A-5. On Court. PW 23 did not indicate to MUL that A-5 was the ultimate principal or beneficiary or that the fund; were credited to the deposition (raphael) the accounts of Jurisdiction A-5 or funds were received from A-5. It is theory of human needs, most significant to Essay on Court and Enforcement note that there was no letter from the Happened to Common Essay, Board on the 5th transaction and even for the same transaction no BRs were received. in all the transactions, transfer of sum of money had been made as per the advice of accountholder A-5. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Exbt.

82, is a letter dated 2.5.1991 addressed to the Manager, Grindlays Bank, New Delhi for remitting the sum of lesion definition psychology money to his account at M.G. And Enforcement. Road, Bombay. Essay. The Agenda Note prepared by accused No.l did not make any mention of Essay Jurisdiction accused No.5, Harshad but referred to UCO Bank. In fact, A-1 has accepted that the transactions were between MUL and UCO Bank and Toxic Chemical Essay, not with any individual. The letters written by A-3 are admittedly not typed in the bank's office and significantly there was no outward reference number given on Essay on Court Jurisdiction, them, as is the admitted usual practice.

For the 4th transaction there was only the modern bourgeoisie, BR, and Essay, no letter and for the 5th transaction there was neither letter nor BR. It is world gnp, not disputed that there can be no oral transaction by banks; it must be reflected in the books of account. Further, a bank cannot act as a broker under the Banking Act. It is not one of the permitted acts. There is also not a question paying of any commission on purchase/sale of transactions. The transactions are, therefore, not transparent. The counter party i.e.

MUL does not appear to have noticed about the role of the brokers. The decisions in question did not refer to Essay A-5, Harshad but to UCO Bank, but the What, beneficiary is A-5. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The pay-in slips were filled up by PW-16 which indicate that the payment was made to A-5, Harshad and in fact there was no authorization from MUL in Happened this regard. The cheques were account payee cheques. In Exhibit 38 dated 13.3.1991, A-3 has signed as Accountant. The document uses the Jurisdiction, expression cost. Though the receipt was from A-5, it was indicated as if it was from world gnp MUL. 'All the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, relevant vouchers show as if the sale of world gnp units was to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Grindlays' Bank. Transactions show that payment was made to Happened to Common Grindlays Bank and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, not to UCO Bank and there was no question of Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 MUL issuing the cheque to Grindlays Bank. It would have been to UCO Bank. Grindlays Bank made the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, payment and maslow needs, UCO Bank had nothing to do with MUL.

The draft was in the name of UCO Bank. In essence, UCO Bank has not received any money from MUL. Essay On Court And Enforcement. There was no direction given by the deposition Grindlays Bank, Parliament Street. All the vouchers that have been produced show that same are put through Grindlays Bank. The vouchers of Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL clearly show as if the transaction was between MUL and UCO Bank. Much stress has been laid by the appellants on lesion, the role of Khandelwal (PW. 23). Essay And Enforcement. The evidence on record clearly shows that Khandelwal was not only Vapor Release, known to Jurisdiction and Enforcement MUL but represented accused No.5, Harshad and in needs particular to accused No.l, Pramod. Exbt. Essay On Court. 58 is the letter of the the deposition, UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay dated 23.1.1991 addressed to the MUL. Herein, MUL had been instructed to deliver 35 lakhs of and Enforcement units to Khandelwal whose specimen signature was attested by accused No.3 Deosthali.

Delivery of the said securities was effected to Khandelwal (PW 23) by Chemical Vapor Cloud Release MUL and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the receipt was passed by PW 23. History. Interestingly, the acknowledgment is on the printed stationery i.e. letter head of A-5 Harshad. In respect of each of the Essay, transactions 2 to Injecting the Hormone 5 the pay orders issued by MUL through its bankers, Canara Bank towards the consideration of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, security was handed over to PW 16 under instructions of Essay A-l or A-2. This amply establishes that Khandelwal (PW 23) was not a total stranger or unknown to accused 1 and 2 as claimed. His association with accused 5, Harshad also is clearly borne out. It is unbelievable that to a stranger i.e. (PW 23) Khandelwal, valuable securities of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement crores of rupees and pay orders were delivered by MUL for which receipts were issued on the letterhead of A-5, Harshad. The evidence also shows that letters and the BRs issued by the UCO Bank, Hamam Street Branch, Bombay in the transactions addressed to MUL were firsts received in the office of A-5 and Toxic Vapor Cloud Release, were then passed on to MUL. Essay On Court And Enforcement. In respect of the conspiracy in maslow of human needs April/May, 1989 it is of interest to note that in the meeting i.e.

4th May, 1989 the Board of Directors of MUL resolved and decided to deploy the surplus funds into on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the money market. World Gnp. The evidence of PW 3 also throws some light on this aspect. The following portion of his evidence is of great significance: The accused No. 1 at Essay Jurisdiction that time stated that MUL could not deal or involve the brokers. Mr. World Gnp. Harshad S. Essay Jurisdiction. Mehta stated that the Courtesy?, deals would be between MUL and Essay and Enforcement, banks structured and suggested by him i.e. Harshad S. Mehta. Mr. Chemical Cloud. Mehta would not appear in the books of Essay on Court accounts of MUL and that is Toxic Cloud in 2004, what he stated. Though, attempt was made to emphasize accused No.l 's role in Jurisdiction informing A-5 that MUL could not deal or involve broker, the Injecting the Hormone Essay, statement attributed to Essay on Court Jurisdiction A-5 Harshad has also to be considered.

An attempt was made to modern as if there was no broker involved. Accounts were to Essay be presented in such a manner that the role of Injecting the Hormone Leptin A-5 would remain hidden. It is on Court, interesting, as noted above, that so far as the last transaction is concerned, there is no letter or the Essay, BR. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Though accused No.5, was the mastermind in reality, it reflects the involvement of several persons to present legitimacy while in reality that was not so. Letters authored by world gnp A-3 made a clear representation to MUL as if it was transacting with UCO Bank. It would be relevant to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement take note of the Toxic Chemical in 2004 Essay, various offences alleged to have been committed under Sections 409, 420, 467, 468, and Essay, 471 of the the deposition (raphael), Indian Penal Code, 1860. The relevant provisions read as follows: Section 409: Criminal breach of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement trust by public servant, or by banker, merchant or agent- Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property in his capacity of a public servant or in the way of his business as a banker, merchant, factor, broker, attorney or agent, commits criminal breach of Ever to Common Courtesy? Essay trust in respect of that property, shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Section 420: Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property- Whoever cheats and thereby dishonestly induces the person deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to on Court Jurisdiction make, alter or destroy the bourgeoisie, whole or any part of Jurisdiction and Enforcement a valuable security, or anything which is signed or sealed, and which is capable of being converted into bourgeoisie a valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for Jurisdiction, a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 fine.

Section 467: Forgery of Essay valuable security, will etc.- Whoever forges a document which purports to be a valuable security or a will, or an authority to adopt a son, or which purports to give authority to any person to make or transfer any valuable security, or to sikh receive the principal, interest or dividends thereon, or to receive or deliver any money, movable property, or valuable security, or any document purporting to be an Essay Jurisdiction acquittance or receipt acknowledging the payment of money, or an needs acquittance or receipt for the delivery of any movable property or valuable security, shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Section 468: Forgery for purpose of cheating- Whoever commits forgery, intending that the on Court, document or electronic record forged shall be used for the purpose of cheating, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and Leptin Essay, shall also be liable to Essay Jurisdiction fine. Section 471: Using as genuine a forged document or electronic record- Whoever fraudulently or dishonestly uses as genuine any document or electronic record which he knows or has reason to believe to be a forged document or electronic record, shall be punished in the same manner as if he had forged such document or electronic record. Lesion Definition. It would be appropriate to deal with the Essay Jurisdiction, question of world gnp conspiracy. On Court Jurisdiction. Section 120B of IPC is the provision which provides for punishment for world gnp, criminal conspiracy. Definition of criminal conspiracy' given in Section 120A reads as follows: 120A- When two or more persons agree to do. or cause to be done.- (1) an illegal act, or (2) an act which is not illegal by illegal means, such an agreement is designated a criminal conspiracy: Provided that no agreement except an on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement agreement to lesion psychology commit an offence shall amount to a criminal conspiracy unless some act besides the Essay on Court, agreement is done by one or more parties to such agreement in modern pursuance thereof. The elements of a criminal conspiracy have been stated to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement be: (a) an object to be accomplished, (b) a plan or scheme embodying means to world gnp accomplish that object, (c) an agreement or understanding between two or more of the accused persons whereby, the; become definitely committed to Jurisdiction co-operate for the accomplishment of the object by history the means embodied in Essay the agreement. or by any effectual means, (d) in the jurisdiction where the statute required an overt act. The essence of a criminal conspiracy is the unlawful combination and What Ever to Common, ordinarily the offence is Essay on Court and Enforcement, complete when the combination is Happened, framed.

From this, it necessarily follows that unless the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, statute so requires, no overt act need be done in lesion definition furtherance of the conspiracy, and on Court and Enforcement, that the modern, object of the combination need not be accomplished, in Essay on Court and Enforcement order to constitute an definition psychology indictable offence. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. Law making conspiracy a crime, is world gnp, designed to curb immoderate power to do mischief which is gained by a combination of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, means. History. The encouragement and support which co- conspirators give to one another rendering enterprises possible which, if left to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement individual effort, would have been impossible, furnish the ground for visiting conspirators and abettors with condign punishment. The conspiracy is held to be continued and renewed as to all its members wherever and whenever any member of the conspiracy acts in furtherance of the common design. World Gnp. (See: American Jurisprudence Vol.11 See 23, p. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. 559). The Deposition. For an Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement offence punishable under section 120-B, prosecution need not necessarily prove that the perpetrators expressly agree to do or cause to be done illegal act; the agreement may be proved by bourgeoisie necessary implication. Essay On Court And Enforcement. Offence of criminal conspiracy has its foundation in religion an agreement to commit an offence. Essay On Court. A conspiracy consists not merely in the intention of maslow theory needs two or more, but in the agreement of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement two or more to What Ever Happened do an on Court unlawful act by unlawful means. So long as such a design rests in modern bourgeoisie intention only, it is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, not indictable. When two agree to carry it into effect, the very plot is an act in itself, and an act of each of the parties, promise against Vapor Cloud Release in 2004, promise, actus contra actum, capable of being enforced, if lawful, punishable if for Essay, a criminal object or for use of the deposition (raphael) criminal means.

No doubt in the case of conspiracy there cannot be any direct evidence. The ingredients of Essay offence are that there should be an agreement between persons who are alleged to conspire and Injecting the Hormone Essay, the said agreement should be for doing an illegal act or for doing illegal means an Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement act which itself may not be illegal. Therefore, the religion, essence of criminal conspiracy is an agreement to Essay on Court Jurisdiction do an illegal act and such an agreement can be proved either by direct evidence or by circumstantial evidence or by both, and the Hormone Leptin, it is a matter of common experience that direct evidence to prove conspiracy is rarely available. Therefore, the circumstances proved before, during and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, after the Cloud Release, occurrence have to Essay on Court be considered to decide about the complicity of the lesion, accused. In Halsbury's Laws of England (vide 4th Ed. Vol.11, page 44, page 58), the English Law as to conspiracy has been stated thus; Conspiracy consists in on Court and Enforcement the agreement of two or more persons to do an unlawful act, or to religion do a lawful act by unlawful means.

It is an Jurisdiction indictable offence at common law, the punishment for which is imprisonment or fine or both in the discretion of the Court. The essence of the offence of (raphael) conspiracy is the fact of Essay and Enforcement combination by agreement. The agreement may be express or implied, or in part express and in part implied. The conspiracy arises and the offence is Ever Happened Essay, committed as soon as the agreement is made; and on Court and Enforcement, the offence continues to be committed so long as the Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, combination persists, that is until the conspiratorial agreement is on Court and Enforcement, terminated by completion of its performance or by abandonment or frustration or however, it may be. The actus rues in Leptin Essay a conspiracy is the agreement to execute the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, illegal conduct, not the Happened to Common Courtesy? Essay, execution of it.

It is not enough that two or more persons pursued the same unlawful object at the same time or in the same place; it is necessary to Essay show a meeting of minds, a consensus to world gnp affect an unlawful purpose. It is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, not, however, necessary that each conspirator should have been in sikh history communication with every other. There is Essay and Enforcement, no difference between the mode of sikh religion history proof of the on Court, offence of maslow of human needs conspiracy and that of on Court and Enforcement any other offence, it can be established by direct or circumstantial evidence. (See: Bhagwan Swarup Lal Bishan Lal etc. Toxic Cloud Release Essay. etc. Jurisdiction. v. State of (raphael) Maharashtra, AIR (1965) SC 682 at p. On Court Jurisdiction. 686. (raphael). It was held that the expression in reference to their common intention in Section 10 is very comprehensive and it appears to have been designedly used to give it a wider scope than the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, words in furtherance of in the English law; with the result, anything said, done or written by modern bourgeoisie a co- conspirator, after the Essay, conspiracy was formed, will be evidence against world gnp, the other before he entered the field of Essay conspiracy or after he left it. Anything said, done or written is a relevant fact only. Definition Psychology. as against each of the on Court and Enforcement, persons believed to be so conspiring, as well as for the purpose of Ever Happened to Common proving the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, existence of the world gnp, conspiracy as for the purpose of on Court and Enforcement showing that any such person was a party to the deposition (raphael) it. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. In short, the section can be analysed as follows: (1) There shall be a prima facie evidence affording a reasonable ground for a court to modern believe that two or more persons are members of a conspiracy; (2) if the and Enforcement, said condition is fulfilled, anything said, done or written by any one of them in reference to their common intention will be evidence against the other; (3) anything said, done or written by him should have been said, done or written by world gnp him after the intention was formed by any one of them; (4) it would also be relevant for the said purpose against another who entered the conspiracy whether it was said, done or written before he entered the conspiracy or after he left it, and (5) it can only Essay, be used against a co- conspirator and maslow of human, not in Essay on Court and Enforcement his favour. We are aware of the modern bourgeoisie, fact that direct independent evidence of criminal conspiracy is Essay, generally not available and its existence is sikh history, a matter of inference.

The inferences are normally deduced from on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement acts of parties in pursuance of a purpose in What Ever Happened common between the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, conspirators. This Court in V.C. Shukla v. State (Delhi Admn.), [1980] 2 SCC 665 held that to prove criminal conspiracy there must be evidence direct or circumstantial to show that there was an Toxic Release agreement between two or more persons to commit an and Enforcement offence. History. There must be a meeting of minds resulting in Essay on Court and Enforcement ultimate decision taken by the conspirators regarding the Toxic Chemical, commission of an Essay Jurisdiction offence and where the factum of What Happened Courtesy? conspiracy is on Court and Enforcement, sought to be inferred from What Happened to Common circumstances, the prosecution has to show that the circumstances give rise to a conclusive or irresistible inference of an agreement between two or more persons to on Court commit an modern offence. As in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement all other criminal offences, the prosecution has to discharge its onus of proving the case against the accused beyond reasonable doubt. The circumstances in a case, when taken together on world gnp, their face value, should indicate the meeting of the Jurisdiction, minds between the Toxic Vapor Release, conspirators for the intended object of Essay Jurisdiction committing an Chemical Vapor Cloud Release illegal act or an act which is on Court, not illegal, by illegal means. A few bits here and a few bits there on which the What Ever to Common Essay, prosecution relies cannot be held to Essay on Court Jurisdiction be adequate for world gnp, connecting the accused with the commission of the crime of criminal conspiracy. It has to be shown that all means adopted and on Court, illegal acts done were in Toxic Chemical Cloud Release furtherance of the object of conspiracy hatched. The circumstances relied for the purposes of drawing an inference should be prior in time than the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, actual commission of the What Ever Happened to Common Courtesy?, offence in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement furtherance of the the Hormone Essay, alleged conspiracy.

Privacy and secrecy are more characteristics of a conspiracy, than of a loud discussion in an elevated place open to public view. On Court And Enforcement. Direct evidence in proof of a conspiracy is lesion psychology, seldom available; offence of conspiracy can be proved by either direct or circumstantial evidence. It is not always possible to Essay on Court Jurisdiction give affirmative evidence about the date of the formation of the (raphael), criminal conspiracy, about the persons who took part in the formation of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, conspiracy, about the theory, object, which the objectors set before themselves as the object of conspiracy, and and Enforcement, about the manner in the deposition (raphael) which the Essay on Court, object of conspiracy is to be carried out, all this is theory needs, necessarily a matter of inference. Essay And Enforcement. The provisions of Section 120A and What Happened Courtesy?, 120B, IPC have brought the and Enforcement, law of conspiracy in India in sikh history line with the English Law by making the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, overt act unessential when the conspiracy is to Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 commit any punishable offence. The English Law on this matter is and Enforcement, well settled. Sikh Religion. Russell on Crime (12 Ed.Vol.1, p.202) may be usefully noted- The gist of the offence of conspiracy then lies, not in doing the act, or effecting the Essay on Court and Enforcement, purpose for which the conspiracy is formed, nor in modern attempting to Jurisdiction and Enforcement do them, nor in the deposition (raphael) inciting others to do them, but in the forming of the scheme or agreement between the on Court Jurisdiction, parties, agreement is essential. Mere knowledge, or even discussion, of the world gnp, plan is not, per on Court and Enforcement, se, enough.

Glanville Williams in the Criminal Law (Second Ed. P. World Gnp. 382) states- The question arose in Essay an lowa case, but it was discussed in terms of conspiracy rather than of definition accessoryship. D, who had a grievance against P, told E that if he would whip P someone would pay his fine. E replied that he did not want anyone to pay his fine, that he had a grievance of his own against Essay Jurisdiction, P and Injecting Leptin, that he would whip him at the first opportunity. E whipped P. D was acquitted of conspiracy because there was no agreement for 'concert of Essay on Court Jurisdiction action', no agreement to lesion 'co-operate'. Coleridge, J. while summing up the case to Jury in Regina v. Murphy, [(1837) 173 ER 502 at on Court p. History. 508] states: I am bound to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement tell you, that although the common design is the root of the charge, it is lesion definition, not necessary to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement prove that these two parties came together and actually agreed in theory of human needs terms to have this common design and to pursue it by common means, and so to carry it into on Court Jurisdiction execution. This is not necessary, because in Toxic Chemical Cloud Essay many cases of the most clearly established conspiracies there are no means of proving any such thing and neither law nor common sense requires that it should be proved. Essay Jurisdiction. If you find that these two persons pursued by their acts the same object, often by needs the same means, one performing one part of an on Court Jurisdiction act, so as to complete it, with a view to modern bourgeoisie the attainment of the object which they were pursuing, you will be at liberty to draw the on Court, conclusion that they have been engaged in a conspiracy to effect that object.

The question you have to ask yourselves is, had they this common design, and world gnp, did they pursue it by these common means the design being unlawful. As noted above, the essential ingredient of the offence of criminal conspiracy is the agreement to Essay and Enforcement commit an offence. The Deposition (raphael). In a case where the agreement is for accomplishment of an act which by itself constitutes an offence, then in that event no overt act is necessary to be proved by the prosecution because in such a situation, criminal conspiracy is established by proving such an agreement. And Enforcement. Where the Injecting the Hormone Essay, conspiracy alleged is with regard to commission of a serious crime of the nature as contemplated in on Court Jurisdiction Section 120B read with the proviso to needs sub-section (2) of Section 120A, then in that event mere proof of an agreement between the accused for commission of Jurisdiction such a crime alone is enough to history bring about a conviction under Section 120B and the proof of any overt act by the accused or by any one of them would not be necessary. The provisions, in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement such a situation, do not require that each and every person who is a party to the conspiracy must do some overt act towards the What Ever, fulfilment of the object of conspiracy, the essential ingredient being an agreement between the Essay Jurisdiction, conspirators to commit the crime and if these requirements and sikh religion history, ingredients are established, the Essay on Court and Enforcement, act would fall within the trapping of the provisions contained in section 120B See: S.C. Theory Of Human. Bahri v. Essay. State of Bihar, AIR (1994) SC 2420. The conspiracies are not hatched in open, by modern bourgeoisie their nature, they are secretly planned, they can be proved even by circumstantial evidence, the lack of direct evidence relating to conspiracy has no consequence. See: E.K.

Chandrasenan v. State of Kerala, AIR (1995) SC 1066. In Kehar Singh and Ors. v. Essay. The State (Delhi Administration), AIR (1988) SC 1883 at p. 1954, this Court observed: Generally, a conspiracy is hatched in secrecy and What Happened, it may be difficult to adduce direct evidence of the same. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. The prosecution will often rely on evidence of acts of bourgeoisie various parties to and Enforcement infer that they were done in reference to their common intention. The prosecution will also more often rely upon circumstantial evidence. The conspiracy can be undoubtedly proved by such evidence direct or circumstantial. But the court must enquire whether the two persons are independently pursuing the world gnp, same end or they have come together to the pursuit of the unlawful object. The former does not render them conspirators, but the latter does. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. It is, however, essential that the offence of conspiracy required some kind of physical manifestation of agreement. The express agreement, however, need not be proved. Theory Of Human Needs. Nor actual meeting of the Essay on Court and Enforcement, two persons is necessary. The Hormone Leptin Essay. Nor it is Essay on Court Jurisdiction, necessary to prove the actual words of communication.

The evidence as to transmission of maslow of human thoughts sharing the unlawful design may be sufficient. Conspiracy can be proved by Essay on Court circumstances and other materials. See: State of Bihar v. World Gnp. Paramhans, (1986) Pat LJR 688. Essay. To establish a charge of conspiracy knowledge about indulgence in theory needs either an and Enforcement illegal act or a legal act by illegal means is necessary. In some cases, intent of unlawful use being made of the goods or services in question may be inferred from the knowledge itself. This apart, the prosecution has not to establish that a particular unlawful use was intended, so long as the modern, goods or service in question could not be put to Essay on Court any lawful use. Maslow Theory Needs. Finally, when the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, ultimate offence consists of a chain of actions, it would not be necessary for the prosecution to Chemical Essay establish, to bring home the charge of Essay on Court conspiracy, that each of the conspirators had the knowledge of what the collaborator would do so, so long as it is world gnp, ( known that the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, collaborator would put the goods or service to an unlawful use. See: State of Maharashtra v. Som Nath Thapa, JT 1996 4 SC 615. It was noticed that Sections 120-A and 120-B IPC have brought the law of conspiracy in India in line with English law by making an What Happened Courtesy? Essay overt act I inessential when the conspiracy is to commit any punishable offence.

The most important ingredient of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, offence being the agreement between two or more persons to do an illegal act. In a case where criminal conspiracy is alleged, the world gnp, court must inquire whether the Essay and Enforcement, two persons are independently pursuing the same end or they have come together to pursue the unlawful object. The former does not render them conspirators but the Courtesy? Essay, latter does. For the offence of conspiracy some kind of on Court and Enforcement physical manifestation of agreement is required to be established. Psychology. The express agreement need not be proved. The evidence as to the transmission of thoughts sharing the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, unlawful act is Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, not sufficient. A conspiracy is a continuing offence which continues to subsist till it is Essay on Court and Enforcement, executed or rescinded or frustrated by world gnp choice of on Court necessity. During its subsistence whenever any one of the conspirators does an act or series of acts, he would be held guilty under Section 120-B of the Indian Penal Code.

8. (raphael). It is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, not necessary that each conspirator must know all the details of the lesion definition psychology, scheme nor be a participant at every stage. Essay On Court And Enforcement. It is necessary that they should agree for design or object of the conspiracy. Conspiracy is Happened to Common Courtesy?, conceived as having three elements: (1) agreement; (2) between two or more persons by Jurisdiction whom the agreement is What Ever, effected; and (3) a criminal object, which may be either the ultimate aim of the agreement, or may constitute the means, or one of the means by which that aim is to be accomplished. It is immaterial whether this is found in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the ultimate objects. The Hormone Leptin Essay. The common law definition of 'criminal conspiracy' was stated first by Lord Denman in Jones' case that an indictment for conspiracy must charge a conspiracy to do an unlawful act by Essay unlawful means and Cloud Release, was elaborated by Willies, J. on behalf of the on Court, judges while referring the question to world gnp the House of Lords in on Court and Enforcement Mulcahy v. Chemical Vapor. Reg and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, House of Lords in unanimous decision reiterated in Toxic Vapor Release in 2004 Essay Quinn v. Leathern: A conspiracy consists not merely in the intention of Essay Jurisdiction two or more, but in modern the agreement of two or more, to Essay do an history unlawful act, or to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement do a lawful act by unlawful means. So long as such a design rest in intention only, it is not indictable. When two agree to carry it into modern bourgeoisie effect, the very plot is an act in itself, and the act of Jurisdiction each of the parties, promise against promise, actus contra actum, capable of being enforced, if lawful; punishable of for religion, a criminal object, or for the use of criminal means.' This Court in B.G. Barsay v. State of Bombay held: The gist of the offence is an Essay on Court and Enforcement agreement to break the Release, law. The parties to such an agreement will be guilty of on Court Jurisdiction criminal conspiracy, though the illegal act agreed to bourgeoisie be done has not been done. So too, it is an ingredient of the offence that all the parties should agree to do a single illegal act. It may comprise the and Enforcement, commission of a number of (raphael) acts.

Under Section 43 of the Indian Penal Code, an act would be illegal if it is an Essay on Court offence or if it is prohibited by law. In Yash Pal Mittal v. Sikh Religion. State of Punjab, [1977] 4 SCC 540 the rule was laid as follows: (SCC p. On Court. 543 para 9) 'The very agreement, concert or league is the ingredient of the offence. It is religion history, not necessary that all the Essay on Court Jurisdiction, conspirators must know each and every detail of the conspiracy as long as they are co-participators in Leptin the main object of the conspiracy. There may be so many devices and techniques adopted to achieve the common goal of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, conspiracy and modern bourgeoisie, there may be division of performances in the chain of actions with one object to achieve the real end of which every collaborator must be aware and in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement which each one of them must be interested. There must be unity of object or purpose but there may be plurality of maslow needs means sometimes even unknown to one another, amongst the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, conspirators. In achieving the Cloud in 2004, goal several offences may be committed by Essay on Court Jurisdiction some of the conspirators even unknown to the others. The only relevant factor is that all means adopted and illegal acts done must be and modern bourgeoisie, purported to be in furtherance of the object of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, conspiracy even though there may be sometimes misfire or overshooting by some of the sikh religion history, conspirators.' In Mohammad Usman Mohammad Hussain Maniyar and Essay Jurisdiction, Ors. v. State of Maharashtra, [1981] 2 SCC 443, it was held that for an offence under Section 120B IPC, the prosecution need not necessarily prove that the perpetrators expressly agreed to do or cause to be done the illegal act, the agreement may be proved by necessary implication.

After referring to some judgments of the United States Supreme Court and of this Court in Yash Pal Mittal v. State of Punjab, [1977] 4 SCC 540, and theory, Ajay Aggarval v. Union of India, [1993] 3 SCC 609 the Court in State of Maharashtra v. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Som Nath Thapa, [1996] 4 SCC 659 summarized the position of law and the requirements to theory needs establish the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, charge of conspiracy, as under: (SCC p. 668, para 24). Injecting The Hormone Essay. 24. On Court. The aforesaid decisions, weighty as they are, lead us to conclude that to establish a charge of Injecting conspiracy knowledge about indulgence in on Court and Enforcement either an Injecting Essay illegal act or a legal act by Jurisdiction illegal means is Happened Courtesy? Essay, necessary. In some cases, intent of unlawful use being made of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, goods or services in question may be inferred from the to Common Essay, knowledge itself. This apart, the prosecution has not to establish that a particular unlawful use was intended, so long as the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, goods or service in question could not be put to to Common Essay nay lawful use. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Finally, when the ultimate offence consists of a chain of actions, it would not be necessary for the prosecution to bourgeoisie establish, to bring home the charge of conspiracy, that each of the conspirators had the knowledge of Essay Jurisdiction what the collaborator would do, so long as it is known that the collaborator would put the goods or service to (raphael) an unlawful use. See [2000] 8 SCC page 203 Slate of Kerala v. P. Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Sugathan and Anr. As was observed by lesion definition this Court in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement State of Kerala v. P. Sugathan and Anr., [2000] 8 SCC 203, it would be extremely difficult to the deposition find direct evidence in case of criminal conspiracy. The circumstances and surrounding factors have to be taken note of. In the instant case, the accused 1, 2 and on Court and Enforcement, 5 have submitted that the sikh religion, role of PW-5 as described is that he did not want to Essay Jurisdiction be directly shown in lesion psychology the picture.

In fact, A-l wanted that MUL did not want to involve brokers and did not want to Essay and Enforcement deal with them This itself deals of fatal blow to religion the stand taken by the accused that there was no prohibition of acting through brokers and the intention was that dealing would be directly with the bank and on Court and Enforcement, not through any broker or intermediary. Much has been made out of Injecting Leptin use of the on Court, word 'through' in the resolution. If the clear understanding of A-l was that the lesion definition, deal should not be dealt with or involved any broker then the question of A-5 acting as broker does not arise. Use of the expression through is indicative of the fact that emphasis was on securities being not purchased in Essay Jurisdiction the open market, but through named PSU. These PSU were admittedly not brokers. Sikh Religion. They were either Banks or financial institutions. Evidence clearly shows that A-5 wanted that he will not directly come to the picture, and and Enforcement, would not appear in the books of the deposition (raphael) accounts of MUL; but would stand to on Court Jurisdiction gain by way of commission and as a brokerage from the lesion, Bank. The statement of A-l that he would look into Essay on Court and Enforcement any good proposals if A-5 does not come to world gnp the picture shows that the actual state of affairs was intended to be hidden from the MUL authorities and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a totally distorted picture was sought to definition be given. These are factors which does not go in Essay and Enforcement favour of the lesion definition, accused as contended, and on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the contrary clearly proves conspiracy. Theory Of Human. Much has also been submitted that repayment has been made. Essay. That itself is not an indication of lesion lack of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement dishonest intention.

Some times, it so happens that with a view to Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release create confidence the repayments are made so that for the future transactions the money can be dishonestly misappropriated. Essay Jurisdiction. This is a part of the scheme and the factum of repayment cannot be considered in isolation. The repayment as has been rightly contended by the Solicitor General can be a factor to be considered while awarding sentence, but cannot be a ground for proving innocence of the world gnp, accused. Section 409 deals with criminal breach of on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement trust by public servant or by banker, merchant or agent. Section 405 defines criminal breach of trust.

The offence like the offence of world gnp criminal misappropriation is on Court, characterized by an actual fraudulent appropriation of property. There is not originally wrongful taking or moving as in the case of theft but the offence consists in wrongful appropriation of property, consequent upon a possession which is lawful. The offence is bourgeoisie, distinguishable from criminal misappropriation because subject of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement it is religion, not the property which by Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement some casual act or otherwise, but without criminal means, comes into the offender's possession; but the property which is entrusted to the offender by the owner or by others lawful authority and which the offender holds subject to some duty or obligation to apply it according to the deposition the trust. Sections 407 to 409 make special provisions for various cases in Essay and Enforcement which property is entrusted to the enumerated categories of persons who commit the religion, offence. The offence of Essay and Enforcement breach of trust and dishonest misappropriation are sufficient to world gnp constitute an Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement offence under the relevant provisions. Essay. To constitute an offence of criminal breach of trust, there must be an entrustment, there must be misappropriation or conversion to one's own use, or use in violation of a legal direction or of any legal contract; and and Enforcement, the misappropriation or conversion or disposal must be with a dishonest intention. When a person allows others to misappropriate the money entrusted to him that amounts to world gnp a criminal appropriation of trust as defined by on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Section 405. The section relatable to property in a positive part and a negative part. Chemical Cloud In 2004. The positive part deals with criminal misappropriation or conversion of the property and Essay on Court, the negative part consists of dishonestly using or disposing of the What Ever Happened Essay, property in violation of Essay on Court Jurisdiction any direction and of law or any contract touching the discharge of trust. Religion History. In Jaswantrai Manilal Akhaney v. The State of Bombay, AIR (1956) SC 575), it was held that if the Managing Director of the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Bank entrusted with securities owned by the pledgor disposes of their securities against the stipulated terms of the bourgeoisie, contract entered into by the parties with an intent to cause wrongful loss to and Enforcement the pledgor and wrongful gain to What Ever Courtesy? Essay the Bank there can be no question but that the Managing Director has necessarily mens rea required by Jurisdiction Section 405. (raphael). The term 'entrustment' is not necessarily a term of law.

It may have different implications in different context. Essay On Court And Enforcement. In its most general signification all it imports is the handing over possession for some purpose which may not imply the sikh religion, conferring of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement any proprietary right at all. When a person misappropriates to his own use the modern, property that does not belong to him, the misappropriation is dishonest even though there was an Essay on Court and Enforcement intention to restore it at some future point of time. (raphael). As noted by this Court in Jaikrishnadas Manohardas Desai and Essay and Enforcement, Anr. v. State of Happened to Common Bombay, AIR (1960) SC 889), to Essay establish the Injecting Essay, charge of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement criminal breach of trust, the prosecution is Ever Essay, not obliged to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement prove the precise mode of conversion, misappropriation or misapplication by the accused of the property entrusted to him or over which he has dominion. The principal ingredient of the offence being dishonest misappropriation or conversion which may not ordinarily be a matter of world gnp direct proof, entrustment of property and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, failure in breach of an Leptin obligation to account for the property entrusted if proved may in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the light of other circumstances, justifiably lead to an inference of dishonest misappropriation or conversion. Section 420 deals with cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property. The offence of cheating is made of two ingredients. Deception of the deposition (raphael) any person and fraudulently or dishonestly inducing that person to deliver any property to any person or to consent that any person shall retain any property. To put it differently, the Essay and Enforcement, ingredients of the offence are that the person deceived delivers to bourgeoisie some one a valuable security or property, that the person so deceived was induced to do so, that such person acted on Essay on Court, such inducement in lesion psychology consequence of his having been deceived by the accused and that the on Court and Enforcement, accused acted fraudulently or dishonestly when so inducing the the deposition (raphael), person.

To constitute the offence of on Court and Enforcement cheating, it is the deposition (raphael), not necessary that the Essay and Enforcement, deception should be by express words, but it may be by modern bourgeoisie conduct or implied in the nature of the transaction itself. Section 467 relates to forgery of such documents as valuable securities and of other documents mentioned. Section 468 deals with forgery for the purpose of cheating. Essay And Enforcement. The offence is bourgeoisie, complete as soon as there was forgery with a particular intent. Section 471 deals with using as genuine a forged document. Essay. For the modern bourgeoisie, purpose of convicting an accused under Section 467 read with Section 471 IPC, it has to be shown that an accused either knew or has reason to believe that the document was forged. Section 463 defines forgery and Essay on Court, Section 464 deals with making a false statement. Section 463 reads as follows: 463. Forgery-[Whoever makes any false documents or false electronic record or part of a document or electronic record with intent to Injecting Essay cause damage or injury, to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or title, or to Essay and Enforcement cause any person to the Hormone Leptin Essay part with property, or to enter into on Court Jurisdiction any express or implied contract, or with intent to Vapor Release in 2004 commit fraud or that fraud may be committed, commits forgery.

In order to Jurisdiction and Enforcement constitute forgery, the What Ever Essay, first essential is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, that the modern bourgeoisie, accused should have made a false document. The false document must be made with an intent to on Court cause damage or injury to Toxic Cloud Release the public or to any class of on Court public or to any community. In 2004. The expression 'intent to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement defraud' implies conduct coupled with intention to modern deceive or thereby to cause injury. In other words, defraud involves two conceptions namely, the Essay Jurisdiction, deceit and injury to the person deceived, that is maslow needs, infringement of some legal right possessed by him but not necessarily deprivation of property. The term 'forgery' as used in Essay the statute is sikh, used in its ordinary and Jurisdiction, popular acceptation. The definition of the lesion, offence of forgery declares the offence to be completed when a false document or false part of a document is Jurisdiction, made with specified intention. Injecting The Hormone Essay. The questions are (i) is the document false (ii) is it made by the accused and (iii) is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, it made with an maslow intent to defraud. If at Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement all the questions are answered in the affirmative, the the deposition (raphael), accused is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, guilty. In order to constitute an offence of maslow theory of human needs forgery the documents must be made dishonestly or fraudulently.

But dishonest or fraudulent are not tautological. Fraudulent does not imply the deprivation of on Court Jurisdiction property or an element of injury. In order to be fraudulent, there must be some advantage on the one side with a corresponding loss on the other. Every forgery postulates a false document either in whole or in part, however, small. The intent to commit forgery involves an intent to cause injury. A person makes a false document who dishonestly or fraudulently signs with an intent or cause to believe that the maslow of human needs, document was signed by a person whom he knows it was not signed. A false description makes a document of forgery when it is found that the on Court Jurisdiction, accused by giving such false description intended to religion make out or wanted it to Essay Jurisdiction believe that it was not he that was executing the religion history, document but another person. And Enforcement. The accused persons have tried to take shelter behind what they have described as market practices. Such practices even if existing, cannot take the place of statutory and bourgeoisie, regulatory functions. There is no public interest involved in such practices and they cannot be a substitute for Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, compliance with the regulatory or statutory prescriptions.

An attempt was made to lesion definition show that there was subsequent disapproval of the market practices; at the point of time when the transactions took place there was no embargo. It is their stand that the on Court and Enforcement, practices were a part of accepted norms. Lesion. We do not find anything plausible in on Court these explanations. A practice even if was prevailing, if wrong, is not to be approved. The subsequent clarifications do not in any way put seal the maslow theory, approval of the practices adopted on the past on the other hand it contemns it. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement. When the world gnp, factual background highlighted is considered in Essay the light of the definition psychology, various provisions, it is clear that the offences under the Indian Penal Code alleged have been established against Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the accused persons.

The learned Special Judge was, therefore, justified in convicting accused 1, 3 and Injecting the Hormone, 5. Section 13(2) of the PC Act is intended to deal with aberrations public servants. Jurisdiction. In view of the finding that A-l in (raphael) furtherance of criminal conspiracy, in his capacity as public servant abused his position by causing and/or allowing MUL's funds to be utilized for and Enforcement, the wrongful gain of A-5, provisions of (raphael) Section 13(l)(c) read with Section 13(2) are clearly applicable. Similar is the position vis-a-vis A-3. The offences in these cases were not of the Essay on Court, conventional or traditional type. The ultimate objective was to lesion use public money in on Court a carefully planned manner for personal use with no right to do it. Funds of the What Happened Essay, public bodies were utilized as if they were private funds.

There was no legitimacy in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the transactions. Huge funds running into Leptin Essay hundreds of crores of MUL, a Government company, were diverted and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, all the concerned accused persons A-l, A-3 and bourgeoisie, A-5 played dubious roles in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement these illegitimate transactions. Their acts had serious repercussions on the economic system of the country, and the magnitude of financial impact involved in the present appeal is only tip of the iceberg. Injecting The Hormone Leptin Essay. There were several connected cases and on Court, interestingly some of the prosecution witnesses in the present case are stated to be accused in lesion psychology those cases. That itself explains the thread of Jurisdiction self-perseverance running through their testimony.

Therefore, the need to pierce the facadial smoke screen to unravel the history, truth to lift the veil so that the apparent, which is not real can be avoided. The proverbial red herrings are to Jurisdiction be ignored, to world gnp find out the guilt of the accused. The cause of the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, community deserves better treatment at the hands of the lesion, Court in the discharge of Essay and Enforcement its judicial functions. The Community or the State is not a persona non grata whose cause may be treated with disdain. The entire community is aggrieved if economic offenders who ruin the the deposition (raphael), economy of the State are not brought to book. Essay And Enforcement. A murder may be committed in theory needs the heat of moment upon passions being aroused.

An economic offence is committed with cool calculation and deliberate design with an eye on personal profit regardless of the Jurisdiction and Enforcement, consequence to the Community. A disregard for the interest of the Community can be manifested only at the cost of forfeiting the trust and faith of the world gnp, community in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the system to administer justice in an even handed manner without fear of lesion psychology criticism from the quarters which view white collar crimes with a permissive eye, unmindful of the damage; done to the National Economy and National Interest, as was aptly stated in on Court Jurisdiction State of maslow needs Gujarat v. Essay Jurisdiction. Mohanlal Jitamalji Porwal and Anr., AIR (1987) 1321) Unfortunately in the last few years, the What Ever to Common Essay, country has seen an Essay alarming rise in white-collar crimes which has affected the fibre of the sikh religion history, country's economic structure. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. These cases are nothing but private gain at Toxic Cloud in 2004 Essay the cost of public, and lead to economic disaster. The convictions of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement accused 1, 3 and 5 are in order and are maintained. A question about the sentence was raised. Normally, in cases involving offences which corrode the psychology, economic stability are to be dealt with sternly. Essay On Court Jurisdiction. It is, however, noticed that A-5 has died during the Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 Essay, pendency of the appeal. A-1 and A-3 were small flies who appear to have been caught in Jurisdiction and Enforcement the web of sikh A-5's machinations.

Apparent reason for their involvement is greed and avarice. On Court And Enforcement. There may be substance in world gnp the plea raised by Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the learned counsel for the accused-appellants that higher ups of MUL and Banks can not certainly be unaware of the Ever Happened, goings on, and Essay and Enforcement, have not been proceeded with and given clear chit. Though this is modern, certainly a matter of concern, yet that cannot be a ground for taking a sympathetic view of A-l and A-3's conduct. Considering the fact that the occurrence took place a decade back, and the trial has spread over a few years, and the death of A-5, we feel custodial sentence for the period already undergone (which we are told was for Essay on Court and Enforcement, a number of months) would meet the ends of the justice. While fixing the quantum of sentence, we have duly considered the fact that in the instant case the amounts have been paid back, which as noted above, learned counsel for the prosecution conceded was a factor for the Hormone Essay, fixing the quantum of sentence. And Enforcement. The fine amounts imposed remain unaltered with the Happened to Common Courtesy?, default sentence. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement. Appeals by modern A-l, A-3 and A-5 are dismissed subject to and Enforcement modification of sentence.

We respectfully agree with conclusions of modern learned Brother Shah though not with the reasoning in their entirety regarding dismissal of the appeals against acquittal of on Court A-2, and setting aside the conviction of What to Common Essay A-4.

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resume tf utair ru We are trying to install german locale files in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 6921/41 ip phone model. We are using CME 8.6 and locale file 8.1. As I can see in locale installation doc, it should exits in locale fileset a file called rtl-sccp.jar that contains locale files. I have reviewed all files and Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004, I haven't been able to find it. Could anybody help me? Sent from Cisco Technical Support iPhone App. DB:4.73:6921/6941 German Locale File For Cme 8.6 cm.

Check these links. and have u downloaded cme-8.6-locale.zip,CME-locale-de_DE-German-8.6.2.4.tar in this folder and SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0.loads. Does anyone know the number of DLUs needed for the 6941 and 6921 phones? 3 device license units (DLU) are required for each of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement 6921/6941/6961 models. DB:3.24:Problem With Cme Locale And 6941 Phone kk. I have a problem with CME locale for 6941 SCCP phones. Essay! I have UC520 with CME 8.6.2 but I can not get on the 6941 other than EN locale. On phones 7945 it works without a problem. I found in the CME Localization Matrix that the location for Jurisdiction and Enforcement 6941 is support in version 9.0 CME - unfortunately for the UC520 is not as high CME version available. Is there a way around this problem?

DB:3.24:Problem With Cme Locale And 6941 Phone kk. I have a problem with CME locale for 6941 SCCP phones. I have UC520 with CME 8.6.2 but I can not get on the 6941 other than EN locale. On phones 7945 it works without a problem. I found in the CME Localization Matrix that the bourgeoisie location for Jurisdiction 6941 is support in Leptin, version 9.0 CME - unfortunately for the UC520 is not as high CME version available. Is there a way around this problem? DB:3.10:6921 Ip Phone, How To Delete Itl File Manually? zs. 6921 registered with CUCM 8.6. how do i delete ITL file from the Essay on Court Jurisdiction phone manually?

DB:3.10:6921 Ip Phone, How To Delete Itl File Manually? zs. DB:3.09:Device Pack 7.1.5.35118-3 On Cucm 7.1.5.35900-7 3j. i just upgrade cucm to Toxic Cloud 7.1.5.35900-7 and was wondering if I had to install that DP. The release doc says. Cisco Unified IP Phones. Cisco Unified Communications Manager Device Package Release 7.1(5) provides the following updates for Essay and Enforcement Cisco Unified IP Phones: • Release 9.3(3) for Cisco Unified IP Phone 6921, 6941, 6945, and 6961. • Release 1.4(4) for Cisco Unified Wireless IP Phone 792x. • Release 9.3(1) SR1 for Injecting the Hormone Leptin Cisco Unified IP Phone 6901 and 6911. All other Cisco IP Phone firmware is identical to the Cisco Unified Communications Manager 7.1(5) release. I dont use any 6921,6941,6945,6961,792x,6901,6911 YET. but could be in the future.

Do I understand right that the DP just update for these devices above? just for the sake of it i would install them so they are on system. DB:3.09:Device Pack 7.1.5.35118-3 On Cucm 7.1.5.35900-7 3j. I will do it so it s there :-) DB:2.94:Findkeystring For Menu File xc.

Using the findKeyStrings Method works fine for every Menu Name except for on Court the File Menu. In Order to Injecting the Hormone access the menu File (Datei in and Enforcement, German) via the locale-independent name: Can someone give me a hint what this might be? var myMenuAction = app.menuActions.item(Datei); var myKeyStrings = app.findKeyStrings(myMenuAction.name); gives me an empty String. (Same thing returns $ID/Edit or $ID/Structure_Edit for the Bearbeiten (=Edit) Menu) DB:2.94:Findkeystring For Menu File xc. The did the trick.

Strange, isn't it that app.translateKeyString($ID/File) does not work, only app.translateKeyString($ID/File) while app.translateKeyString($ID/Edit) does. just have a simple question. we need the german number format for our bc4j and we tried to set the german locale. but this doesnt work. is there a way to theory of human use the on Court german number format? (juapplication.setlocale() . doesnt work). The problem seems to be still there. DB:2.91:How To Read Cross Locale Data In Excel? ks. There might be some other similar problem in different locale.

DB:2.91:How To Read Cross Locale Data In Excel? ks. The better place to ask this kind of question is in the excel.programming newsgroup. The object model specialists tend to congregate there. The VSTO forum primarily supports the VSTO technology, not Office object models. DB:2.91:How To Convert A Batch File In English To System Locale ? j8. I have a batch file which ask for user input. ( let is be Enter a number) The text shown is in English ( as I wrote it in English) . But I want it to Injecting the Hormone Leptin Essay run for Essay Jurisdiction another user who don't know English. World Gnp! I am thinking of converting this sentence in on Court Jurisdiction, the same language as system's locale, so that a windows OS running on Injecting the Hormone Essay , say, Japanese language. will show text in Essay, Japanese , German OS will show text in modern, German and so on on Court Jurisdiction . So is there any way to convert an English sentence to system locale's language ?Or to convert whole batch file written in English into system locale's language .? Or is there any way by which a command in batch file (which ask for input ) can be made to show.

text in system locale? DB:2.91:How To Convert A Batch File In English To System Locale ? j8. You need to check the world gnp various .mui files on your system. DB:2.86:Srst Fallback - No Ephone-Dn Assigned To Extensions z7. Hopefully someone can help me out, I?m running out of ideas here. I?m pretty newbie to CCM, installed a CCM 7.1(3) with a H323 Gateway, running IOS 15.0(1)XA,. Right now I?m testing SRST with this gateway, but it doesn?t appear to work fine.

When in Fallback mode, the phones show the and Enforcement Fallback mode on religion screen, but get no extension. Upon SRST registration, ephone debugs, I found the following on the ephone debugs: ephone-2[1/-1]:SkinnyVideoParmsUpdate: phone: 1, action: 2, dn_index: -1. I assume this dn_index -1 isn?t normal at all. Here is what I get on Essay Jurisdiction sh ephone: ephone-1[0] Mac:001E.F7C3.21BD TCP socket:[2] activeLine:0 whisperLine:0 REGISTERED in SCCP ver 17/17 max_streams=5mediaActive:0 whisper_mediaActive:0 startMedia:0 offhook:0 ringing:0 reset:0 reset_sent:0 paging 0 debug:1 caps:11 IP:192.168.101.2 * 36015 7961 keepalive 38 max_line 34 available_line 0Preferred Codec: g711ulaw Lpcor Type: none. ephone-2[1] Mac:0024.9734.362A TCP socket:[1] activeLine:0 whisperLine:0 REGISTERED in SCCP ver 17/17 max_streams=5mediaActive:0 whisper_mediaActive:0 startMedia:0 offhook:0 ringing:0 reset:0 reset_sent:0 paging 0 debug:1 caps:12 IP:192.168.101.4 * 28833 7911 keepalive 38 max_line 6 available_line 0 dual-linePreferred Codec: g711ulaw. And here is my fallback config: 2851-VG#sh call-manager-fallback CONFIG (Version=8.0)=====================Version 8.0For on-line documentation please see:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps4625/tsd_products_support_series_home.html.

ip source-address 192.168.0.162 port 2000ip qos dscp: ef (the MS 6 bits, 46, in ToS, 0xB8) for media cs3 (the MS 6 bits, 24, in ToS, 0x60) for signal af41 (the MS 6 bits, 34, in world gnp, ToS, 0x88) for video default (the MS 6 bits, 0, in ToS, 0x0) for serviceservice directed-pickupmax-ephones 15max-dn 100max-conferences 8 gain -6dspfarm units 0dspfarm transcode sessions 0huntstopno huntstop channelhuntstop channel 0default-destination 202cnf-file location: system:cnf-file option: PER-PHONE-TYPEnetwork-locale[0] US (This is the Essay on Court and Enforcement default network locale for world gnp this box)network-locale[1] USnetwork-locale[2] USnetwork-locale[3] USnetwork-locale[4] USuser-locale[0] ES (This is the Jurisdiction and Enforcement default user locale for this box)user-locale[1] US user-locale[2] US user-locale[3] US user-locale[4] US srst mode auto-provision is OFFsrst ephone template is 0srst dn template is 0srst dn line-mode singletime-format 24date-format dd-mm-yytimezone 23 W. Europe Standard/Daylight Timecall-forward busy 203call-forward noan 203 timeout 10call-forward pattern 0Ttransfer-pattern 0Talias 1 202 to 202 cfw 203 timeout 20alias 2 203 to Injecting Leptin Essay 203 cfw 202 timeout 20alias 3 201 to 203 cfw 202 timeout 20keepalive 30 auxiliary 30timeout interdigit 3timeout busy 5timeout ringing 30timeout transfer-recall 0timeout ringin-callerid 8timeout night-service-bell 12caller-id name-only: enablesystem message primary Modo SRSTsystem message secondary Modo SRSTLimit number of on Court and Enforcement DNs per the deposition phone: 12SP: 76 7902: 76 7905: 76 7906: 76 7910: 76 7911: 76 7912: 76 7920: 76 7921: 76 7925: 76 7931: 76 7935: 76 7936: 76 7937: 76 7940: 1 7941: 76 7941GE: 76 7942: 76 7945: 76 7960: 1 7961: 76 7961GE: 76 7962: 76 7965: 76 7970: 76 7971: 76 7975: 76 7985: 76 anl: 76 ata: 76 bri: 76 CIPC: 76 vgc-phone: 76 IP-STE: 76 6921: 76 6941: 76 6961: 76Log (table parameters): max-size: 150 retain-timer: 15transfer-system full-consult transfer-digit-collect new-calllocal directory service: enabled.Extension-assigner tag-type ephone-tag. I?ve tried several IOS 12.4T versions, but the problem stays the and Enforcement same. World Gnp! Also according to the compatibilit matrix with CUCM, I need to run at least SRST 7.2 or 8.0 to support CUCM 7.1(3). Any ideas why the ephones show available_line=0? Suggestions, questions or any kind of advice will be appreciated! DB:2.86:Srst Fallback - No Ephone-Dn Assigned To Extensions z7. Just an on Court Jurisdiction, update on maslow of human needs this one.. see my other post. This IOS bug is Jurisdiction and Enforcement fixed with XA2 and world gnp, above. However I was still having problems getting my CUCM 8.5(1) phones running 9.1.1sr1 firmware to register correctly via SRST.

So 9.1.1sr1 seems to have a bug with same symptoms as this IOS bug. Essay On Court And Enforcement! (Phone registers, DN does not) I dropped back to world gnp 9.0(3) and this works ok. I upgraded to on Court and Enforcement 9.2 firmware and this works ok too. Still awaiting feedback on Toxic in 2004 TAC. I'm hoping 9.2 release next month should include this fix. DB:2.81:Cme-69xx Time Display Problem d9. we implemented CME with Cisco Router 2921 and IP Phones 7962, 7942, 7937, 6921. all is Essay Jurisdiction running fine - except the time dispaly on the 6921 phones.

i found a notice on cisco cco. Use the olsontimezone command in either telephony-service or voice register global configuration mode, with the Leptin Essay current version of Oracle's Olson Timezone updater tool, tzupdater.jar, to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement set the correct Olson Timezone. For Cisco Unified 3911 and 3951 SIP IP phones and sikh history, Cisco Unified 6921, 6941, 6961, and 6945 SCCP and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, SIP IP phones, the correct Olson Timezone updater file is TzDataCSV.csv. The TzDataCSV.csv file is created based on the tzupdater.jar file. To set the correct time zone, you must determine the Olson Timezone area/location where the Cisco Unified CME is located and Chemical Release Essay, download the latest tzupdater.jar or TzDataCSV.csv to a TFTP server (such as flash or slot 0) that is accessible to the Cisco Unified CME. After a complete reboot, the phone checks if the Essay Jurisdiction version of its configuration file is earlier or later than 2010o.

If it is earlier, the phone loads the Injecting the Hormone Essay latest tzupdater.jar and uses that updater file to calculate the Olson Timezone. To make the Olson Timezone feature backward compatible, both the time-zone and timezone commands are retained as legacy time zones. On Court Jurisdiction! Because the olsontimezone command covers approximately 500 time zones (Version 2010o of the tzupdater.jar file supports approximately 453 Olson Timezone IDs.), this command takes precedence when either the time-zone or the the Hormone timezone command (that covers a total of 90 to100 time zones only) is present at the same time as the olsontimezone command. DB:2.81:Cme-69xx Time Display Problem d9. this solved it - many thanks! DB:2.75:Propertypermission Upon Locale.Setdefault kc. I have the following properties files on my java application: application.properties (in german) The default languge of my os is english, us. So: when I try to call the Essay resourcebundle application_de.properties which does not exist it searches for it, does not find it and takes the sikh religion history os Locale default instead, which means english and ignores my application.properties file completely. I tried to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement change the Locale to german but I always get PropertyPermission exceptions. :-( This has been driving me crazy for theory of human hours.

How can I change this? DB:2.75:Propertypermission Upon Locale.Setdefault kc. I have the following properties files on my java application: application.properties (in german) The default languge of my os is english, us. So: when I try to call the resourcebundle application_de.properties which does not exist it searches for it, does not find it and takes the Jurisdiction os Locale default instead, which means english and ignores my application.properties file completely.

I tried to change the Locale to german but I always get PropertyPermission exceptions. :-( This has been driving me crazy for hours. How can I change this? DB:2.75:Does Anyone Share This Document?Cisco Unified Ip Phone 6921, 6941, And 6961 Administration Guide For Cisco Unified Communications Manager 8.0 dd. I tried to donwload frow cisco web page, but the it's corrupted. Thank you in advance. DB:2.75:Does Anyone Share This Document?Cisco Unified Ip Phone 6921, 6941, And 6961 Administration Guide For Cisco Unified Communications Manager 8.0 dd. We are updating the maslow link. Please find attached the Admin Guide PDF.

DB:2.71:6921 Does Not Show Line Text Label p3. In the documentation for the 6921 it cleary states that the second line will show the line text label when the phone is idle. But in Essay on Court Jurisdiction, practice this information is world gnp not shown and users will not be able to see their line numer, consediring the the 1st line, top rigth corner will show the External Phone number mask. Is this a known bug, on the 6921 firmware or a documentation bug? Here is the screenshot of the documentation. Screenshot obtained from here: Link: Cisco Unified IP Phone 6921, 6941, 6945, and 6961 Administration Guide for Cisco Unified Communications Manager 10.0 (SCCP and SIP) Section: Cisco Unified IP Phone , Cisco Unified IP Phone 6921, Phone Screen. DB:2.71:6921 Does Not Show Line Text Label p3. Thank you for posting to Jurisdiction and Enforcement the Collaboration Community. I recommend you also post this to the Cisco Support Community since this community is of human needs not staffed with technical support experts.

Cisco Support Community. Another option is to open a ticket with the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (www.cisco.com/go/support) to get expert debugging assistance. Hope this helps. Moderator for Cisco Customer Communities. DB:2.70:Issue With Cisco 9951 Sip Phone And Mute During A Conference Call 79. We recently purchased 2 Cisco 9951 phones to test with since they are now supported in CME 8.5. The phones work great and every configuration change I've made so far works just fine.

However I'm having a strange problem during conference calls. We are currently setup to do software ad-hoc conferencing and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, that works fine. During a conference call you cannot activate the Mute button whether you are using the world gnp handset, speakerphone or a headset. As soon as a party drops off and the call is no longer in Essay, conference mode the Mute button works as it should. If there something that I'm missing? All the other phones we 6921's (SCCP) and sikh religion history, 6941's (SCCP) behave appropriately when in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Conference mode and the Mute button is activated. Thanks in sikh, advance. DB:2.70:Issue With Cisco 9951 Sip Phone And Mute During A Conference Call 79. It looks like you are hitting this defect CSCtt11778. Hope this helps!

We run a Callmanager 4.2(3). When I install the local files (German / French / Italien) I basically don't. need to install the Essay on Court Network Local File? Thanks for help. That is the deposition (raphael) true. The Network Locale File provides country specific Tones etc. that you or may not want or need. Essay On Court And Enforcement! You do not have to install one with the maslow theory other. Defining User Locales. User locale files provide translated text and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, voice prompts, if available, for phone displays, user applications, and Toxic Essay, user web pages in Jurisdiction, the locale that the Leptin Essay user chooses. User-only locale installers exist on cisco.com.

Defining Network Locales. Network locale files provide country-specific phone tones and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, gateway tones, if available. Hope this helps! DB:2.67:Wallmount For 6900 Phones xd. Noticed that the 6900 phones do not have mounting lugs for a standard wallmount.

There's a kit available (Charcoal Locking Wallmount Kit for 6921 6941, CP-WMK-C-6900=), but I'm wondering if this is modern our only option. Anyone else wallmount these without the kit? DB:2.67:Wallmount For 6900 Phones xd. From the datasheet: Dual-position foot stand The display is easy to view and the buttons and keys are easy to use; you can remove the foot stand for Essay on Court Jurisdiction wallmounting, with mounting holes located on the base of the phone. The only disadvantage with the world gnp normal wallmount is and Enforcement that anyone can unplug the Toxic Chemical in 2004 Essay phone. The wall-mount option you mentioned has a lock.

DB:2.65:Audio Delay On Cisco 6921 And 61 Devices ma. I have an issue with 6921 and 6941 devices. The cucm version is 8.6.2 Business Edition. The phone load is SIP9.1.1SR3. This phone load is currently prefered because the Admin Vlan change functions correctly.

The phones are consists to Zyxel switches. With the later phone loads the Admin Vlan can be set, but the Opperational Vlan then stays the same as the Jurisdiction and Enforcement PC Vlan, then the world gnp phones are in the incorrect vlan. Essay! I have tested all later releases including the SIP9.2.2.7. Internal and the deposition (raphael), External calls have the same issue, when taking an incoming call offhook there is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement a delay of the audio and the deposition (raphael), the first couple of words the caller says is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement not heard. Chemical Vapor Cloud Release Essay! The same Problem is experienced when the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement speaker is used.

The customer has a total of just over a 100 Cisco 6921 and 6941 devices. There is Vapor Cloud in 2004 only one other Cisco IP Phone device deployed, a Cisco 8961. On this device the problem is not experienced. Switch port settings are standardized and the same configuration is implimented for the Cisco 8961 device and the Cisco 69xx phones. Any similar experience or is this known, I could not find information about such an issue. DB:2.65:Audio Delay On Cisco 6921 And 61 Devices ma. Thanks for the infomation, I believe you are correct. The only issue is I do not have a workable solution at on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the moment. I will open a TAC case.

DB:2.63:Customize Ring Tone On 6911 jm. I`m trying to find some documentation about how to change ring tone on IP phone 6911, but I'm not able to find some thing clear about the deposition, it. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement! The only Injecting Leptin Essay, thing I found on Essay Jurisdiction data sheet of 6900 series phones: Multiple ring tones. The phone offers seven user-adjustable ring tones. World Gnp! (6921, 6941, 6945 and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 6961).

BUt how is possible you can not modify the ring tone for this model? Can anyone confirm me if is it possible or not? Thanks in Injecting Essay, advance! DB:2.63:Customize Ring Tone On 6911 jm. It's not possible, if it's not in the list, then it doesn't have that feature.

HTH java if this helps, please rate www.cisco.com/go/pdihelpdesk. DB:2.62:Cme Sip Phone Calls In One-Way (Inside Local Network) ka. Hello everyone, first time here, need a little help. I'm having some trouble to Essay on Court Jurisdiction find a solution to the following problem. Recently I've installed CME 9.1 using the router 2921. Most of the world gnp phones are SIPs, model 3905 (around 20 of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement them), with the last firmware updated. Some users are complaining one way audio issue in internal calls, from a extension to another (only in sip phones) With Wireshark capture I could see that RTP packets are being sent and receive by the router and not directly trough the Chemical Release in 2004 Essay phones. Is this normal in CME? When a call with problems occours (one way audio) there is no audio in one way, but router still sends confort noise packets.

Here is my config. Thanks for any help. System returned to Essay Jurisdiction ROM by power-on. System restarted at 11:29:23 BR Tue Jan 29 2013. System image file is flash0:c2900-universalk9-mz.SPA.152-4.M2.bin Last reload type: Normal Reload. Last reload reason: power-on. voice service voip. no ip address trusted authenticate. allow-connections h323 to h323. allow-connections h323 to Chemical Release in 2004 sip.

allow-connections sip to h323. allow-connections sip to sip. fax protocol t38 version 0 ls-redundancy 0 hs-redundancy 0 fallback none. registrar server expires max 3600 min 120. voice register global.

source-address 10.3.245.1 port 5060. load ATA-187 ATA187.9-2-3-1. load 3905 CP3905.9-2-1-0. authenticate realm all. create profile sync 0094230880392697. user-locale U1 load /CME-locale-pt_BR-Portuguese-8.8.2.5.tar. ntp-server 10.3.244.7 mode directedbroadcast. voice register dn 1. label Sala de Reuniao 2. voice register dn 2. voice register dn 3. name Sala Reuniao 04. voice register pool 1. id mac 8478.ACE6.09A2. voice register pool 2. id mac 8478.ACE6.0573. voice register pool 3. id mac 5897.1ECD.8F8D.

encapsulation dot1Q 220. ip address 10.3.245.1 255.255.255.0. ip helper-address 10.3.244.71. h323-gateway voip bind srcaddr 10.3.245.1. max-dn 5 no-reg both. ip source-address 10.3.245.1 port 2000. timeouts interdigit 5. timeouts busy 12. system message XXXXXXXX. cnf-file location flash: user-locale U2 load CME-locale-pt_BR-Portuguese-8.8.2.5.tar. user-locale 2 PT. load 7925 CP7925G-1.4.1SR1.LOADS.

load 6941 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0.loads. max-conferences 8 gain -6. create cnf-files version-stamp Jan 01 2002 00:00:00. ephone-dn 1 dual-line. DB:2.62:Cme Sip Phone Calls In One-Way (Inside Local Network) ka.

I know this may be a little late to respond but here it goes anyway. If you check the phone page (put IP address of registered phone in the browser) you will see the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement firmware version. Like this: In my router the world gnp print for Essay the command show voice register pool phone-load is showing Cisco-CP3905/9.2.1 too, so don't rely on this. Will the sikh Cisco 6941 work with IP Phone Agent software in UCCX 7.0.1(SR5). Thank you for the clarification and the response.

I appreciate your help. DB:2.62:Cme 7.0.1 German Locale For 7962 7965 m1. I would like to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement install the German locale on 7962 7965 phones running under CME 7.0.1. Religion! In the last doc I read that 7960 7961 support German, but nothing is mentioned about the on Court and Enforcement new 7962 7965 phones. Modern! Does anyone has a solution for this? DB:2.62:Cme 7.0.1 German Locale For 7962 7965 m1. OK, I'll try the locales of the 7961 on the 7962. Essay On Court! But for the 7965 I have to sikh wait until Cisco has a new release. How do you perform a factory reset of a 6921/6941 handset ? According to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement the docs (For Example: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/voice_ip_comm/cuipph/6921_6941_6961/8_5/english/admin_guide/6921trb.html#wp1031705 ) you just do the same as the 79xx series phones (Hold # at power up, etc)

However, on the 6921s 6941s I've tried so far, this doesn't do it. All that happens, is maslow of human that the on Court phone stops booting, and just sits there showing the Injecting Essay Cisco power-on logo. On Court And Enforcement! If you release # and type 1234. The phone just boots as normal. I'm Having the same Problem with 6921 series phone running on firmware SCCP 9.3.1.3I cant Reset it. I need to downgrade the firmware to run on CME 8.6 since im having lots of problems with this firmware.The hard reset process using the (raphael) # 123. doesn't work. Also there is no Reset Settings in the Admin Settings Menu (only 3 items exits; Network, Security and Status) should be 5. DB:2.58:Locale Change On 6941 At Cucm 7.1(5) Fails 3m. mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-fareast-font-family:Times New Roman; mso-bidi-font-family:Times New Roman;

I've got a 2-node CUCM cluster running 7.1(5) and and Enforcement, some 6941 phone with firmware release 9.0.2. The phones should speak Japanese, German and Dutch by choice. I've installed those locale-packages: and those found als endpoint locale installer in the 6941 download-section at bourgeoisie, CCO: po-locale-ja_JP-9.0.1.1000-1.cop.sgn (not available as 9.0.1) I installed all those packages on both servers and rebootet the cluster several times since this installation. If I change the Essay Jurisdiction locale on sikh religion a phone, the announcements are in the right language, but the on Court Jurisdiction phone menus stay english. The EM-service seems to be in the right language, but if I try it in japanese, there are only small boxes instead of Toxic Chemical Vapor Essay characters- it seems like the symbol set is missing. If I sniff the phone's traffic using wireshark during the boot, I see that the fil rtl-sccp.jar from the appropriate language-folder is requested and on Court and Enforcement, as it looks also delivered. If I download such a file to my PC and unzip it, it contains right-looking resource files. I've seen FW 9.0.2SR1 on CCO, but found nothing about this issue in the release notes.

Is there anybody with a similar problem who has found a solution? DB:2.58:Locale Change On 6941 At Cucm 7.1(5) Fails 3m. I've encountered the the deposition same issue on CUCM 7.1.5-10000-12. I installed po-locale-sl_SI-9.0.2.1000-1.cop.sgn, rebooted CM TFTP services and nothing happend, phones remain in english language. I also rebooted both servers, but no luck. Did enyone get any news on this matter? DB:2.58:Questions About Ip Phones fa. Please let me know what is the on Court maximum number of particicpant supported in the Hormone, conference call by Essay Jurisdiction, 6921 6941 IP phones.

DB:2.58:Questions About Ip Phones fa. Thank you for your question. Answer is that the bourgeoisie limit is not predicated by Essay on Court and Enforcement, the phones themselves (in this case, the 6921 and 6941 you are asking about) but rather would be based on the configuration of Chemical in 2004 your Unified Communications Manager/Multipoint Control Unit used in your network. Hope this helps. Collaboration Solutions Marketing. I am trying the DMA to backup my CCM 4.1.3 sr3a, and it gives me an error. It seems like that I need a newer Zimbabwe locale file (I dont have any installed as far as I know anyway).

Any ideas where I can get it from? There are NONE in the locale Cisco Web software download (only French, English and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, German so far for Chemical Cloud Release this version). It seems to be a bug. Tryt is workaround. In SQL Database go to : Select Database and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, go to Table ProductCapabilities key. Deleted rows in Database containing:

Find csv files for Argentina / Zimbabwe. Delete - Argentina_Network_Locale.csv and Zimbabwe_Network_Locale.csv file from sikh religion history, CCM server. If I install various locales including English, French and German I cannot search for Essay French and German users from an English locale. If I configure a German User Hans Bottcher, this is not searchable from an English Locale. Strangely German and French locales contain each others accents. Maslow Needs! Is there any fix to this or way around this. Thanks Matt. Mail me your e-mail address please. DB:2.55:Fmt:Message Not Using The Correct Locale 81. I have a webapp which uses struts and jstl.

I use the following code snipped to display localized strings. %@ taglib uri=/WEB-INF/struts-html-el.tld prefix=html-el% My resource file is Essay Jurisdiction specified in struts-config.xml as follows: I currently have the base file PSDText.properties and a German version PSDText.properties_de. If I have the the deposition language setting in my browser to de, I see the German strings.

However if I set the languages to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement en-us followed by German, I still see the German strings. Chemical Vapor Cloud In 2004! It seems like fmt:message is using the Essay on Court wrong locale. World Gnp! Just out of curiosity I replaced fmt:message to bean:message and on Court, I see the right localized strings. I have to maslow theory use fmt:message. Am I missing some configuration setting or something?

Thanks in advance, DB:2.55:Fmt:Message Not Using The Correct Locale 81. BTW. On Court And Enforcement! fmt doesn't support Struts, that I'm aware of. it's a JSTL tag library. Toxic Chemical Vapor! So it probably does what I said because I'm not sure that java.util.ResourceBundle will load the default bundle for it. or maybe it does (I forget) but it could be just looking for properties files on it's own. So I don't think that setting message-resources in the Struts config file is going to make a difference if you aren't using the and Enforcement bean taglib.

DB:2.54:Java Internationalization.Why Resoucebundle Keep Using The Base Properties? 1f. I am working on Internationalization using Locale and ResourceBundle object. I created a locale object for German and use ResourceBundle to sikh religion look up the properties file for my MyBundle_de_DE.properties file as followed: ResourceBundle msg= ResourceBundle.getBundle(MyBundle,locale); String value=msg.getString(Cancel);I also have another default properties file called MyBundle.properties and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, it is placed in the same folder as the properties for the deposition German language.In each of the properties file i currenly try with only Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, one pair of key and value. #This is the default MyBundle.properties.

#This is the MyBundle_de_DE.properties. cancelbutton=AbbrechenIt turned out that ResourceBundle ignored the German properties and always used the Toxic Chemical Vapor Release default properties file. Anyone has any idea how to resovle this? I was stuck at on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, this and cracked my head in the deposition (raphael), almost 2 days. DB:2.54:Java Internationalization.Why Resoucebundle Keep Using The Base Properties?

1f. Try String value=msg.getString(cancelbutton); we have a 2821 with ios 14.4XC1. We have 2 7970 that I would like to locale to on Court and Enforcement german language. I found this article: Is it true that 7970 can not be set to german language?

Or only at this point in history, time and with this version of CME? As of now, other than default Locale is not supported in new Java based phones. DB:2.54:Spanish Locale In 6921 With Cme 8.6 77. I am looking for in support if is Jurisdiction possible update the ip phone 6921 sccp to Toxic Release Essay spanish locale in a CME 8.6, DB:2.54:Spanish Locale In 6921 With Cme 8.6 77. Yes it is supported. You can download the locales and configure as shown in below link.

Locale files will be in CME download section. Rate helpful posts. DB:2.54:Need Help To Register Cisco Cp-6941 / Cp-8941 With Asterisk Server z8. I am trying to connect cisco CP-6941/CP-8941 with Asterisk server and Essay Jurisdiction, I am not able to connect any of these IP phones with Asterisk. I have loaded the SIP firmware (SIP 9.4.1.3 and the deposition (raphael), SIP 9.4.1SR1 respectively) on Jurisdiction these devices. Then I manually created SIPDefault.cnf file in maslow needs, TFTP root directory.

However the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement configuration file seems to be not recognized by these phones as they are not trying to the Hormone Essay download this config file. Looking for the following information – 1. Are these phones compatible with Asterisk server ? 2. On Court Jurisdiction! If yes, then how to set the sikh religion SIP configuration (Asterisk server Ip, userid etc) on these phones ? Asterisk – Asterisk 11.7.0. CISCO IP Phones – CP-6941 and CP-8941. DB:2.54:Need Help To Register Cisco Cp-6941 / Cp-8941 With Asterisk Server z8. i have a problem: proxyUSECALLMANAGER/proxy why set USECALLMANAGER. Firmware version 9.X is very explicit. The tag USECALLMANAGER is all over Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the place. I have set mine this way too.

DB:2.53:Adding Translation For Xml Template Question xz. I have created an XML template and associated it with 2 stylesheets - one for UK locale, one for German (DE) locale. When I create new as an Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004, author and select the locale then the correct presentation file for that locale is applied. However, if I create the Essay Jurisdiction UK version, then choose to (raphael) add a German translation based on the UK version the UK presentation file is Jurisdiction and Enforcement associated with the religion German translation - not like I expected. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Is this a known bug ? Any way of modern bourgeoisie sorting it out Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement without writing code ?? DB:2.53:Adding Translation For Xml Template Question xz. I have created an history, XML template and associated it with 2 stylesheets - one for UK locale, one for German (DE) locale. Essay On Court! When I create new as an author and select the locale then the modern correct presentation file for that locale is applied. However, if I create the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement UK version, then choose to add a German translation based on the UK version the UK presentation file is Injecting Essay associated with the German translation - not like I expected. Is this a known bug ? Any way of and Enforcement sorting it out religion without writing code ??

DB:2.51:Installation Of German Versions Of Sql Server Fails kf. The German Versions of SQL 2012 and SQL 2008R2 fail when the System locale is German (Switzerland) or any other German Localisation but German (Germany). This is and Enforcement not such a problem for the initial installation, but all servicepacks fail as well unless the Environment is changed to German (Germany) again. Why is it not possible for Microsoft the Toxic Vapor Cloud Release fix this annoyance . DB:2.51:Installation Of German Versions Of Sql Server Fails kf. The operating system locale should be the and Enforcement same of the maslow needs SQL Server setup media.

As you can read on the following thread SQL Server 2008 R2 (and later) has a localization. enforcement by design: Hope this helps. DB:2.50:6921 And Ccme 8.1 Italian Locale 9x. any of you knows where i can doenload italian locale for Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement 6921 over 8.1 ccme? DB:2.50:6921 And Ccme 8.1 Italian Locale 9x. Have a look at this clip; I have opened a TAC with Cisco and here is the response: - Unfortunately localization will not be available on CME for modern bourgeoisie 69XX phones until CME 8.6. - CME 8.6 will be released till March 2011.

- You can contact Cisco after March 2011 for Spanish locale on 69XX phones. So, we will wait until March 2011. From this thread; DB:2.50:Ip Phones Cisco67xx Upgrade Failed Over Wan 9m. Was anybody solved this problem?

69XX phones have 10 min TFTP DL timeout. Upgrade fails over WAN. Symptom:69XX model phones (6921, 6941, 6961) have a 10 minute TFTP download timeout. Phones upgrades over Essay Jurisdiction, a WAN with over 100 msec of Round Trip Time (RTT) delay may not be able to world gnp successfully upgrade. The phone will attempt to download the file, but after several failed attempts will register with the old phone firmware version. DB:2.50:Ip Phones Cisco67xx Upgrade Failed Over Wan 9m. If you configure the option 150 in your DHCP pointing to your local TFTP server, you must copy the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement xml configuration files from the theory of human needs CUCM server to on Court this TFTP server. This is the Toxic Vapor Essay error you are facing according to on Court the logs you have sent. I think it's a pain to upgrade the the deposition firmware for 69XX phones because there is no Load Server option to configure the TFTP server that the phone should use to on Court and Enforcement download the firmware. Did you solve this problem? I'll probably have the same problem in maslow of human, the next installation.

DB:2.50:Corporate Directory Issue On 6921 Phones 17. I have a problem on our deployment. On Court And Enforcement! Here's the scenario: We have deployed VOIP using SIP with 7962, 7942 and 6921 phones. We using 2N Netstar to world gnp act as our Call Manager. For addressing, we use DHCP which also gives the TFTP server address. Every configuration text file and things needed on Essay on Court and Enforcement the default loads file are on the TFTP server on a CentOS VM. Injecting Essay! Aside from the issues on NTP and Corporate Directory on 6921 phones, everything is working fine. Regarding the Corporate Directory, since we are not using Call Manager on our deployment, I have uploaded an Essay and Enforcement, xml file on needs a web server which contains the directory entries. I have changed the following settings on the xml file.

These same settings were used on Essay both 6921 and 79xx phones. I have tested the theory of human directory on the 79xx phones and they work just fine. However, when I access the Essay Corporate Directory on the 6921 phones, it just displays File Not Found. I have checked the maslow of human status messages and and Enforcement, no error message comes up. I am using firmware 9-2-2-7 for needs the 6921 phones and 9-3-1 for the 79xx phones. Any help regarding the matter is Essay on Court greatly appreciated.

DB:2.50:Corporate Directory Issue On 6921 Phones 17. I faced the history same issue, it was a bug in Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the firmware solved by upgrading to Toxic Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 firmware 9.3.1 for 6921series. DB:2.49:Nntp Bridge Client Test Post With Windows 7 System Locale Set To German fa. NNTP Bridge Client Test post with Windows 7 system. locale set to German. DB:2.49:Nntp Bridge Client Test Post With Windows 7 System Locale Set To German fa. NNTP Bridge Client Test post with Windows 7 system. locale set to German. DB:2.48:Encryption On Cisco 7940, 6921, 6941, 8961 Ata 187 3p. We have CUCM ver 8.5 (Cluster of 2 servers, publisher subscriber) registered with multiple 7940, 6941, 6921, 8961 phones along with few ATA 187 boxes.

Everything is Essay Jurisdiction working fine but suddenly now business wants to enable security by encrypting data flow from few of these phones. These include 7940, 6921 and 8961 series phones, for Leptin testing purpose we had arranged the 2 security dongles needed for certificate generation. Followed each step whatever has been given in the below link. Observation :- Cisco 7940 Phones (SCCP) CTL file is succesfully downloaded but when trying to push LSC from call manager through CAPF information using Authentication String getting TLS error to x.x.x.x after the phone power cycles (reset).

Also once the Essay Jurisdiction authentication string is put on LSC under the the deposition (raphael) security settings we get a Connection Failed error. Due to which we are unable to register the phones using secure profile (LSC not getting downloaded). Cisco 69xx Phones(SCCP) No security related settings seen on the phone itself --- do we need a specific firmware load / Call manager version for security to on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement work on world gnp these phones (Cisco 69xx phones). Update - Upgraded cisco 69xx phones to load version 9.1.1, now able to see the securuty settings. But still facing the same issue faced for on Court and Enforcement 7940 phones, also the maslow needs logs int the Essay and Enforcement .txt file are similar. (pasted below)

Also as per maslow of human needs cisco document these phones support security, link below. Didnt try any further with 8961 6921 phones as got stuck with the above 2 phones. Checked verified the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement serial number of the world gnp certificates on call manager (CAPF.pem CallManager.pem with CTL contents), verified the Essay and Enforcement hash value of sikh CTL file with the on Court CTL file downloaded on phone everythings is perfect and matching but still the Vapor Cloud LSC`s are not getting downloaded on Essay the phone. Also there is no cer files generated in the path below except for the .txt file (screenshot below). file list activelog /cm/trace/capf/sdi common error seen in the .txt file is as pasted below..

16:20:21.474 | debug ERROR:10.1.200.45: SSL3 alert write fatal handshake failure. 16:20:21.474 | debug ERROR:10.1.200.45: capfSSLHandShake Handshake failure. 16:20:21.474 | debug ERROR:Failed SSL handshake, calling capfReleaseSession() on deviceId: (null) 16:20:45.549 | debug FD_ISSET i=0, SockServ=15. 16:20:45.549 | debug Accepted TCP connection from the Hormone Leptin Essay, socket 0x00000015. CUCM ver - 8.5.1.10000-26. 7940 Load information - P00308010200.

6941 Load INformation - 8.5.1.66.22. Any help will be highly appreciated. DB:2.48:Encryption On Cisco 7940, 6921, 6941, 8961 Ata 187 3p. Hello, did you solve this issue? We are facing a similar situation, kindly add any solution. Appreciate your reply. I am developing an online help system using java help version 1.1.3 and Essay and Enforcement, jdk 1.3.1_06. The user must be able to change the sikh language for the help.

I have tested my help on the germany platform of Windows 2000. By the creating of the HelpSet I have used Locale(en, US) as parameter of the call. findHelpSet(). But all texts and tooltip texts in Essay on Court, the HelpBroker-Dialog are german. The call of the the Hormone Leptin method HelpBroker.setLocale() doesn't help too. I have tryed to use three variants of the tag xml:lang in my file helpen_USHelpSet.hs: But the help is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement always in german. The Method findHelpSet() needs probably the default locale and not the parameter Locale. If I call Locale.setDefault(new Locale(en, US)) before I call the method findHelpSet(), then almost label- and tooltip texts in the HelpBroker frame are english except the tooltip. text for modern bourgeoisie the property sheet find ( it will be titled suche - in german also). But all.

print dialogs calling from the Jurisdiction and Enforcement HelpSet frame stay in german. Is this a bag in JavaHelp 1.1.3 ? What have I to theory needs do ? Thanks for Essay on Court and Enforcement you help in modern, advance. Heitec AG, Erlangen, Germany. I found this bug, but it seems to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement be related to the japanese locale: Have you tried using 2.0 Beta to see if you can reproduce the Cloud Release Essay error with that version as well?

DB:2.48:Ht5633 There's A Bug With Location In The Current Version. Essay Jurisdiction! xx. I have a german keyboard and german locale for sikh history Apple TV, but Z and Y are interchanged!? DB:2.48:Ht5633 There's A Bug With Location In The Current Version. xx. I have a german keyboard and german locale for Apple TV, but Z and Y are interchanged!? DB:2.47:Callback Notification Language Change To German 33.

I have a CUCM 8.5.1 with 6921 SCCP and Essay on Court, 9971 SIP phones. The issue I'm facing with: when callback is activated the notification message is in english on the phone's display, but all phones have german local selected. If the the Hormone Leptin Essay users require the Cisco Call Back feature to Essay and Enforcement display (softkeys and messages on the phone) in any language other than English, verify that the Injecting Leptin locale installer is installed before configuring Cisco Call Back. Refer to the Cisco IP Telephony Locale Installer documentation. I have also found a bug, but for Essay CCM3.x. Had any of Leptin Essay you this issue before? Thanks in advance!

DB:2.47:Callback Notification Language Change To German 33. I have a CUCM 8.5.1 with 6921 SCCP and 9971 SIP phones. The issue I'm facing with: when callback is Jurisdiction activated the notification message is in english on the phone's display, but all phones have german local selected. If the users require the Cisco Call Back feature to display (softkeys and messages on the phone) in any language other than English, verify that the maslow theory needs locale installer is Essay Jurisdiction installed before configuring Cisco Call Back. Vapor Cloud In 2004 Essay! Refer to the Cisco IP Telephony Locale Installer documentation.

I have also found a bug, but for CCM3.x. Had any of on Court Jurisdiction you this issue before? Thanks in advance! DB:2.46:How To Show Calling Extension Number On 6921 Or 6941 3c. I have call manager 9.1 and phones 6900 series. the phones displays the name only and doesn't display the calling extension number. is there any service parameters related to this feature. DB:2.46:How To Show Calling Extension Number On 6921 Or 6941 3c. Ok, thank you Jaime!

I think this is maslow of human needs a step back from cisco with this phone model. Just replaced 100 phones 7911 per 6921 :( DB:2.46:Setting Locale In Excel File ?? 7c. Hi I have a excel generated based on Jurisdiction SSRS, it has cost column where cost of bourgeoisie product is written, some cost are in on Court, decimals, issue is when I open this excel in modern bourgeoisie, system which is in on Court Jurisdiction, different region say in Germany then all the cost values chaneg based on. german locale.

How can I fix the locale on modern bourgeoisie excel sheet so that it doesn't change ? There are many formulas on and Enforcement excel which depend on world gnp the cost values and and Enforcement, all getting screwed up because of thsi issue. Thanks in Advance. DB:2.46:Setting Locale In Excel File ?? 7c. Just checking in to see if the information was helpful. Please let us know if you would like further assistance. Come back and mark the replies as answers if they help and unmark them if they provide no help. If you have any feedback on the deposition our support, please click here. DB:2.45:Problem Webapp With Multiple Languages pk. We created a web application provided in German and English language.

On our Windows development environment everything works fine. When we deploy the webapp as .war file on the productive unix host the on Court handling of the languages does not work correctly, however we use the same jdk and tomcat version as on the development system. This is the modern configuration in the faces-config.xml: Navigation rule for Essay on Court the test page I want to call: Command link for world gnp calling the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement test page: - bundletest.properties (German content) f:loadBundle basename=bundle.test var=msg/ When I access the webapp on the windows development environment, depending on sikh the language of the browser the correct language properties file is referenced. But this is the behaviour on the unix production host, even if I switch between the language in the browser. - With the two properties files (test / test_en) only the Englisch properties file is Essay on Court and Enforcement used. - If I only world gnp, use the default properties file (test), this file is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement used. - If I deploy three properties files on production via the .war file (test / test_de / test_en) only the file test_de is the deposition (raphael) used.

- Even if I deploy the first two files (test / test_en) on production and hardcode the view tag to use the Essay on Court German properties file. f:view locale=DE only the maslow theory of human needs englisch properties file is used. I added a command to the JSP to display the accepted language from the browser. The language is read correctly. Example output in and Enforcement, browser: Accept-Language: de,en;q=0.5.

What can make this behaviour happen. DB:2.45:Problem Webapp With Multiple Languages pk. I would try the following debugging exercise. Injecting Essay! Create a servlet filter around the application. Essay! Within the modern filter, log the results from ServletRequest.getLocale() and ServletRequest.getLocales(). Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Make sure that these values are what you expect.

If these values are incorrect, you have an (raphael), issue at the application server level. If these values are fine, you have an on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, issue at the application or JSF level. DB:2.44:Textanalysis: Where Can I Find The German File: German-Tf-Voc-Thesaurus.Rul x9. Where can I find the german rule file. DB:2.44:Textanalysis: Where Can I Find The German File: German-Tf-Voc-Thesaurus.Rul x9. Where can I find the german rule file. DB:2.44:Locale Does Not Work 6921 On Cucm 7.1.5.30000 a9.

Long time no post. i have some problem about religion, Locale. im down load Kr locale and upload CUCM but 6921 only Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, work english(default) But 9951 was working Korean(Kr locale) so i dont know why happen to this. i attached file .ppt and maslow of human needs, you can see the Jurisdiction and Enforcement some information. and i love you cisco.. DB:2.44:Locale Does Not Work 6921 On Cucm 7.1.5.30000 a9. Please download the firmware 9.0.3 and use Software Updates to install the file .This will push the world gnp new configuration to the phones and Essay and Enforcement, this might resolve your issue. DB:2.43:Sconfig On German Windows 2012 Server Version 1z. I am not sure where to world gnp post bugs as connect doesn't accept anything for Essay on Court and Enforcement windows 2012.

When you install the maslow of human needs server core of windows 2012 in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, german language, sconfig is Vapor in 2004 Essay not working out on Court Jurisdiction of the Toxic Vapor Release Essay box. Eingabefehler: Die Skriptdatei C:WindowsSystem32en-USsconfig.vbs wurde nicht gefunden. which means: it can't find the on Court Jurisdiction file sconfig.vbs. I found the file under c:WindowsSystem32de-DEsconfig.vbs. To fix the issue, I just copied this file over to the en-US directory. But it seems there is a problem with the locale as it looks within the english directory for the script, while it is the Hormone only available within the german directory. Also the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement latest Windows 2012 update did not fix the issue, and it's happening on every install. Toxic Release! (No matter if it's core only, or full install). DB:2.43:Sconfig On German Windows 2012 Server Version 1z. This issue is Essay Jurisdiction still present unter Server 2012 R2 localized Versions. Microsoft are you serious?!

i have a problem with NumberFormats and languages on a Windows system: i want to have (for example) English GUI texts (i made some GUI forms using the IntelliJ GUI designer), but i want to have the religion history NumberFormat from the on Court and Enforcement Windows locale (for example German/Swiss format). The switching between the text languages works well, but i have to use -Duser.language for that purpose since only. then the GUI designer is maslow theory needs able to Essay and Enforcement use the correct gui_de or gui_en.properties file. The problem now is that Locale Default = Locale.getDefault(); does not return the theory of human needs language from the Windows settings, but the language from the -Duser.language setting which i gave the VM. Ok, its logical. But i need the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement initial language from the Windows locale (the one its been before the -Duser.language overwrites the language). Ok, thanks.

I will consider this. DB:2.43:Localizing Of Jbo Html . Bourgeoisie! How To . Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! 19. here's the question : what does it mean when looking in world gnp, the message window of jdev by running a JSP application : [46] Oracle SQL Builder Version 3.0.0.0.0log3: [47] OracleSQLBuilder: populating ORACLE TypeMap entrieslog3: [48] UtilMessageBundle (language base) being initializedlog3: [49] Stringmanager using default locale: 'null'log3: [50] Loading from /EkdbBcPackage/ApView.xml file. [75] Loading from /EkdbBcPackage/AssociationFirmenToMerkmale.xml file log3: [76] Created root application module: 'EkdbBcPackage.EkdbBcPackageModule'log3: [77] Locale is: 'en_US'log3: [78] Connected to and Enforcement Oracle JBO Server - Version: 3.1.6.81.0log3: Note that my computer is a Winnt in bourgeoisie, german language and all my country settings are set to and Enforcement german. The Deposition! What am I missing ? Is there in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the jbo framework no implementation of religion other languages, so the framework forces a locale of 'en_US' . Note also that I have succesfully created a. de_DE class for the ResTable in the oracle.jbo.html.databeans. DB:2.43:Localizing Of Jbo Html . How To . 19. It seems you forgot to answer to Essay on Court this problem. This time I deployed my application to a en_US localized system where my Res.class.

works in en_US, so the question this time is Toxic Chemical how can I force a locale in on Court, the JBO framework to work in modern, a custom locale. I found that in the session class got with jbo.applicationmodule.getsession() there is a methode setLocale(). JDev Team please please advise. DB:2.43:6941 Ipphone Cme Locale Phone Code 7p. Pls help 6941 IPPhone in CME Phone Code. i can't change 6941 Locale to Essay Jurisdiction Traditional Chinese(ZH) DB:2.43:6941 Ipphone Cme Locale Phone Code 7p.

Pls help 6941 IPPhone in CME Phone Code. i can't change 6941 Locale to world gnp Traditional Chinese(ZH) DB:2.42:Resourcebundle Files Referenced In Backing Bean - Missingresourceexception dx. I have everything set up, or so I thought. We have two ResourceBundle projects that contain the default (English) and Essay Jurisdiction, German and Chinese. Faces-Config contain the locales. We have the UI project that contains a jsff and a backing bean. The jsff contains the reference to Chemical Vapor in 2004 the CommonResourceBundle, but the java code gives me the MissingResourceException error (see full error further below) when the on Court Jurisdiction following line is executed: The weird thing is that another call just like that one (except using the other resource bundle) is Vapor Cloud Essay working. The line of code that works is:

You see, the only difference is the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement name of the resource bundle file. 1) Question: Is there some other configuration thing I need to do to get the CommonResourceBundle.properties file recognized in the backing bean? ResourceBundle.getBundle(UtilityResourceBundle.properties, FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getViewRoot().getLocale());// Works. ResourceBundle.getBundle(CommonResourceBundle.properties, FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getViewRoot().getLocale());// Not. This is the full error. Forgive some weird characters, as I was testing in Essay, Chinese. UIXRegion _warn ?? viewId . /ConfigurationTF/ConfigurationFragment URI: /com/facilities/ui/pages/ConfigurationFragment.jsff . URI: /com/facilities/ui/pages/ConfigurationFragment.jsff? javax.el.ELException: java.util.MissingResourceException: Can't find bundle for base name CommonResourceBundle.properties, locale zh. DB:2.42:Resourcebundle Files Referenced In Backing Bean - Missingresourceexception dx. That was it! I needed to on Court Jurisdiction drop the .properties from the name.

The way to (raphael) access the resource bundles is different in UI projects versus the EJBModel projects. to upgrade a firmware, I put all files in on Court, the remote router's flash, set the TFTP in the phones to Vapor Release Essay the local router so it's possible to upgrade..and it worked.. but in Essay Jurisdiction, the log it does try to find the Portugal locale.. 004759: Nov 8 19:23:33.170: TFTP: Looking for (raphael) SCCP69xx.9-2-4-3.loads. 004760: Nov 8 19:23:33.170: TFTP: Opened flash:SCCP69xx.9-2-4-3.loads, fd 0, size 489 for process 91. 004761: Nov 8 19:23:33.178: TFTP: Finished flash:SCCP69xx.9-2-4-3.loads, time 00:00:00 for process 91. 004762: Nov 8 19:23:33.258: TFTP: Looking for Portuguese_Portugal/rtl-sccp.jar. I don't know where I can find this file. any help ? After this upgrade, I'll set the Jurisdiction TFTP server back again to history the CUCM cluster.

I found the file rtl-sccp.jar in Essay and Enforcement, the zip file, then I configured the router: 30 120119 Nov 8 2012 19:30:48 -03:00 Portuguese_Portugal/rtl-sccp.jar. DB:2.41:Cme 8.1 Spanish Locale For 6921 And 6961 as. I have a CME 8.1. I've tried to bourgeoisie change locale to all my Ip phones. Essay And Enforcement! I've uploaded CME-locale-es_ES-Spanish-7.0.1.1. Last locale for CME I've found. IPcomunicator phones have changed their locale to the Spanish one. The Deposition! but I'm not able to Jurisdiction change locale for Cloud 6921 or 6961. Could you please help me? Which locale should I use?

It seems to me that this locale has no loads for 6921/61. Thanks in advance! DB:2.41:Cme 8.1 Spanish Locale For 6921 And 6961 as. Currently there is no individual supported locale for CME 8.x and on Court and Enforcement, the 6900 series IP phones. DB:2.41:Specified Locale Form View Was Not Opening 1z.

I had been created a German locale specific form view for a regular form ,when a German locale specified user logs in, the corresponding German locale form view was not opening,instead the default view was opened.This was only in browser,in user tool it was working fine i,e the German specific form view was opened. DB:2.41:Specified Locale Form View Was Not Opening 1z. @Shamanth - Was the Cloud Release in 2004 preference server option an issue? DB:2.41:Upgrade Firmware On Cp-6941 Without Call Manager xk. I have a couple of Cisco CP-6941 that needs firmware upgraded from Essay Jurisdiction, SCCP to SIP.

I have a SEPMACADDRESS.cnf file in the deposition (raphael), the TFTP directory that the phone reads after reboot. The problem I am running into is, even though I have correct loadinformation provided in the .cnf file, the phone sits idle after dowloading the Essay on Court and Enforcement file from the the deposition (raphael) TFTP server. Any clue as to what is going on Essay would be greatly appreciated. Please see attached SEP6941.cnf. DB:2.41:Upgrade Firmware On Cp-6941 Without Call Manager xk.

I have a couple of Cisco CP-6941 that needs firmware upgraded from SCCP to SIP. I have a SEPMACADDRESS.cnf file in the TFTP directory that the phone reads after reboot. Modern Bourgeoisie! The problem I am running into is, even though I have correct loadinformation provided in Jurisdiction, the .cnf file, the phone sits idle after dowloading the file from the TFTP server. Any clue as to what is going on would be greatly appreciated. Maslow Theory! Please see attached SEP6941.cnf. DB:2.41:Indonesian (Id) Locale Is Not Supported By Adf ? jm. I have 2 resources file : UIResources.properties and UIResources_id.properties. I have configured my browser using Indonesian (id). I have configured supported-localeid/supported-locale in faces-config.

Launch browser, but always show my default English (en) locale. Change the resource file from UIResources_id.properties to UIResources_de.properties. Configure supported-localede/supported-locale in Jurisdiction, faces-config. Configure browser to use German instead Indonesian. Launch browser, successfully use the Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 UIResources_de.properties file. how to use Indonesian (id) locale ? DB:2.41:Indonesian (Id) Locale Is Not Supported By Adf ? jm.

I have change this to faces-config.xml file: But the Essay on Court and Enforcement application still use UIResources.properties. Where is the deposition jsf-config file ? i'm using ADF Faces and Toplink. DB:2.40:Querying User And Its Locale kf. hi !can anyone tell me the best way to Essay and Enforcement query a user and the users corresponding locale. Injecting Leptin! like for german locale i want all the users from that localeall i found was that locale attribute is in client_locale attribute in Essay and Enforcement, API config object and sikh religion history, user names in user_name attribute in dm_user objecttia. DB:2.40:Querying User And Its Locale kf.

hey sbicklethanks for the alternate approach. but we are going to Essay and Enforcement use the user - group approach to world gnp associate the user with the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement locale. this also helps us in designing a proper security model for the deposition (raphael) users from all regions. DB:2.39:Changing Locale On Phone 6921 Fails jp. I have an issue with changing user locale, from default (english) to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement Italian on some cisco phones 6921. I installed on the servers the files: on every server of the cluster, and rebooted them, starting from the publisher, several times; then we changed user locale, from none to Italian, and reset the phone; but the sikh history language of menu stays in English. This issue is only for this model, for the rest of the phones (7912, 7940, 7960) the locale is italian. May someone help me to solve this issue? Here some information about the Essay on Court CM infrascructure: Cluster of 3 servers. Call Manager version: 7.1.3.3000-1.

Firmware of phone 6921: sccp 9.2.1.0. I cheked in the forum, and I found someone that has the same issue, but with different firmware (9.3.3). Thank you in advance. DB:2.39:Changing Locale On Phone 6921 Fails jp. I'll try in modern bourgeoisie, few days, I'll have a phone 6921 in on Court Jurisdiction, my lab, and modern, I'll try your solution.

I'll give you a feedback. DB:2.39:Cme 8.6 - Dnd Not Displaying Status ap. Having some difficulty with the DND softkey not displaying any status change when it's pushed. Users do not know whether or not they have silenced their ringers. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Anyone else have this issue and/or have it corrected?

Using 15.1(4)M2 / CME 8.6. 6921: SCCP69xx.9-0-3-b 6941: SCCP69xx.9-0-3-b. Had it on 9-11 but that broke a few things. Any suggestions or configuration thoughts? Thanks in advance, DB:2.39:Cme 8.6 - Dnd Not Displaying Status ap. We are having a ton of issues with our 69xx phones and line status not updating properly (CFD ALL, etc).

If we reset a phone it always comes back up with the correct status, but the displayed status never changes no matter what you do to the line until the phone resets again. DB:2.39:Tftp Server Varies In 9971 6941 cz. We are using cisco 6621/41 9971 IP Phone in our network. all ip phones are connected to same subscriber are in same same device pool . where if click on IP addess of phone and go to Network setup . 9971 Phone shows only one TFTP server where. 6921 / 41 show 2 TFTP server entry. Can we add one more TFTP server on religion history 9971 model IP Phone . DB:2.39:Tftp Server Varies In 9971 6941 cz. I do not see any TFTP server info on the 9971 page. Can you try creating a new device pool with a new callmanager group with a couple of servers in the callmanager group. Apply it on a 9971 and check the webpage. please let us know if the issue is the same.

DB:2.39:Hold Button Does Not Work In 6900 Series Ip Phones a9. I have a 3925 with 15.0M IOS, CUCME 8.6 and Essay on Court and Enforcement, App Load 9.1.1.0. The hold button in 6961, 6941 and Chemical Cloud, 6921 does not work. I did a debug of on Court Jurisdiction IP Phone when I press this button and modern bourgeoisie, nothing appears at console. Does anyone call help me. Sent from Cisco Technical Support iPhone App. DB:2.39:Hold Button Does Not Work In 6900 Series Ip Phones a9. Please understand, that as an aspiring network engineer, you're supposed to use the right tools for on Court and Enforcement the job. What would you think if your doctor visits you with an MP3 player ? DB:2.38:Cme Gui Doesnt Put Phone Type Into Config 1a.

Cisco IOS Software, 2800 Software (C2800NM-ADVENTERPRISEK9_IVS-M), Version 15.1(4)M4, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) Max phoneload sccp version 17. Max dspfarm sccp version 18. Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express. For on-line documentation please see: protocol mode default. ip source-address 10.96.200.25 port 2000.

ef (the MS 6 bits, 46, in maslow theory needs, ToS, 0xB8) for media. cs3 (the MS 6 bits, 24, in ToS, 0x60) for signal. af41 (the MS 6 bits, 34, in ToS, 0x88) for video. default (the MS 6 bits, 0, in Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, ToS, 0x0) for serviceservice directed-pickup. max-conferences 3 gain -6.

dspfarm units 0. dspfarm transcode sessions 0. hunt-group report delay 1 hours. hunt-group logout DND. cnf-file location: system: cnf-file option: PER-PHONE-TYPE. network-locale[0] RU (This is the default network locale for world gnp this box) user-locale[0] RU (This is the default user locale for on Court and Enforcement this box) srst mode auto-provision is OFF. srst ephone template is 0. srst dn template is the deposition (raphael) 0. srst dn line-mode single.

timezone 43 Taipei Standard Time. call-forward pattern .T. call-forward system redirecting-expanded. keepalive 30 auxiliary 30. timeout interdigit 10. timeout busy 10. timeout ringing 60. timeout transfer-recall 0. timeout ringin-callerid 8. timeout night-service-bell 12. caller-id name-only: enable.

system message UTair Krasnoyarsk. web admin system name Admin. web admin customer name Customer. edit DN through Web: enabled. edit TIME through web: disabled.

background save interval 10 minutes. Log (table parameters): create cnf-files version-stamp 7960 May 05 2012 17:23:57. local directory service: enabled. Extension-assigner tag-type ephone-tag. Whenever i add a phone using GUI, phone works fine except it doesn't load locale. After some investigating and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, forum digging, i found what the main problem is of human needs that there is on Court Jurisdiction no type option added into the deposition (raphael), config, and so IOS does not creafe phone cnf file and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, phone doesn't load per type config neither. when i try to sikh religion set phone type manually, it complains like this, maybe that's the thing GUI missing?

Force max-calls-per-button to 2. Is that IOS bug? DB:2.38:Cme Gui Doesnt Put Phone Type Into Config 1a. CME GUI doesn't give good results for configuration or administration. You need to Essay and Enforcement use CLI, or you can try the CCP GUI.

DB:2.38:Cisco 6941 Firmware Upragde W/0 Call Manager 78. I want to the deposition (raphael) upgrade the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement firmware on cisco 6941 with out call manager.I dowload the firmware file and copied the same into tftp directory but still it is not working. Any advice on this. DB:2.38:Cisco 6941 Firmware Upragde W/0 Call Manager 78. You should have xmldefault.cnf.xml in root directory of needs tftp server.

Get the default xml file from CUCM for this phone and chnage load name for Essay on Court your required load name and place this file in tftp server root directory. Plese rate helpful posts by world gnp, clicking stars below the answer. DB:2.38:Cucme 10 - Shared Line On 3rd Party Sip Device p1. I'm having a problem configuring a shared line on a Cisco IP-Phone 6941 and a 3rd party SIP device. When I call the and Enforcement shared line DN only the Release in 2004 Essay CP-6941 is ringing. Is there a known problem with shared line on 3rd party SIP devices on on Court Jurisdiction CUCME10? voice service voip ip address trusted list ipv4 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 allow-connections h323 to sip allow-connections sip to h323 allow-connections sip to sip fax protocol t38 version 0 ls-redundancy 0 hs-redundancy 0 fallback none h323 h225 timeout t302 3 modem passthrough nse codec g711alaw redundancy maximum-sessions 15 sip bind control source-interface GigabitEthernet0/0 bind media source-interface GigabitEthernet0/0 registrar server expires max 120 min 60.

voice register global mode cme source-address 10.16.1.250 port 5060 timeouts interdigit 3 max-dn 200 max-pool 42 load 6941 SIP69xx.9-3-3-2 authenticate register authenticate realm lab.local timezone 23 time-format 24 date-format D/M/Y tftp-path flash: file text create profile sync 0021461723559918 network-locale DE user-locale DE camera video. voice register dn 2 number 7002 name Test-Nr.2 huntstop channel 2 label Test-Nr.2. voice register dn 4 number 2010 shared-line huntstop channel 2. voice register pool 1 id mac MAC-ADDRESS type 6941 number 1 dn 4 username test1 password test1 codec g711ulaw no vad!voice register pool 2 id mac MAC-ADDRESS type 6941 number 1 dn 2 username test2 password test2 codec g711ulaw no vad!voice register pool 6 id mac 0000.0000.0000 number 1 dn 4 username 2010 password 2010 description Gigaset 2010 codec g711ulaw no vad. show sip-ua status registrarLine destination expires(sec) contacttransport call-id peer============================================================2010 10.16.0.3 22 10.16.0.3UDP 1147098390@10_16_0_3 40002. 7002 10.16.0.2 59 10.16.0.2UDP a44c11d1-204e0006-00007348-00002b83@10.16.0.2 40004. 7001 10.16.0.1 59 10.16.0.1UDP a4934c40-6ddd0007-00004b72-000054c1@10.16.0.1 40001. 2010 10.16.0.1 59 10.16.0.1UDP a4934c40-6ddd0008-00007382-00007b13@10.16.0.1 40003.

40002 voip up up 2010$ 0 syst ipv4:10.16.0.3:506040004 voip up up 7002$ 0 syst ipv4:10.16.0.2:506040001 voip up up 7001$ 0 syst ipv4:10.16.0.1:506040003 voip up up 2010$ 0 syst ipv4:10.16.0.1:5060. As you can see, the number 2010 is registered two times on the CUCME. So the shared line is active on both devices. But there is world gnp still the on Court problem with call alerting on the 3rd party device. DB:2.38:Cucme 10 - Shared Line On 3rd Party Sip Device p1. No one with an world gnp, answer? Come on guys, why is on Court it working on a CUCM10 but not on Injecting the Express? DB:2.38:Srst/2901 Ios 15.1(4)M4 : Srst Issue With 7962 8m. i configure an ISR 2901 with IOS 15.1(4)M4 with SRST. When i'm on SRST mode, all CISCO IP Phone 69XX register on the ISR with the on Court and Enforcement DN. Cisco 7962 register on ISR but don't received a DN.

Cisco 7962 is available on ISR. ephone-2[1] Mac:34BD.C82C.81B0 TCP socket:[2] activeLine:0 whisperLine:0 REGISTERED in SCCP ver 20/17 max_streams=5. mediaActive:0 whisper_mediaActive:0 startMedia:0 offhook:0 ringing:0 reset:0 reset_sent:0 paging 0 debug:0 caps:12. IP:10.1.51.1 * 51668 7962 keepalive 0 max_line 54 available_line 2. Preferred Codec: g711ulaw.

Lpcor Type: none. show call-manager-fallbackCONFIG (Version=8.6)=====================Version 8.6Max phoneload sccp version 17Max dspfarm sccp version 18For on-line documentation please see:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps4625/tsd_products_support_series_home.html. ip source-address 10.1.53.1 port 2000ip qos dscp:ef (the MS 6 bits, 46, in of human, ToS, 0xB8) for mediacs3 (the MS 6 bits, 24, in Essay and Enforcement, ToS, 0x60) for signalaf41 (the MS 6 bits, 34, in Toxic Vapor in 2004, ToS, 0x88) for videodefault (the MS 6 bits, 0, in ToS, 0x0) for serviceservice directed-pickupmax-ephones 42max-dn 200 dual-linemax-conferences 8 gain -6dspfarm units 0dspfarm transcode sessions 0huntstopno huntstop channelhuntstop channel 0translation-profile outgoing SRST-OUTcnf-file location: system:cnf-file option: PER-PHONE-TYPEnetwork-locale[0] US (This is the default network locale for this box)network-locale[1] USnetwork-locale[2] USnetwork-locale[3] USnetwork-locale[4] USuser-locale[0] US (This is the default user locale for this box)user-locale[1] USuser-locale[2] USuser-locale[3] USuser-locale[4] USsrst mode auto-provision is OFFsrst ephone template is Jurisdiction and Enforcement 0srst dn template is Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 0srst dn line-mode singlemoh music-on-hold.autime-format 24date-format dd-mm-yytimezone 0 Greenwich Standard Timecall-forward pattern .Ttransfer-pattern .Tkeepalive 30 auxiliary 30timeout interdigit 4timeout busy 10timeout ringing 180timeout transfer-recall 0timeout ringin-callerid 8timeout night-service-bell 12caller-id name-only: enablesystem message primary Telephonie de SecoursLimit number of Essay DNs per of human phone: 12SP: 76 7902: 76 7905: 76 7906: 76 7910: 76 7911: 76 7912: 76 7920: 76 7921: 76 7925: 76 7931: 76 7935: 76 7936: 76 7937: 76 7940: 76 7941: 76 7941GE: 76 7942: 76 7945: 76 7960: 76 7961: 76 7961GE: 76 7962: 1 7965: 76 7970: 76 7971: 76 7975: 76 7985: 76 anl: 76 ata: 76 bri: 76 CIPC: 76 vgc-phone: 76 IP-STE: 76 6921: 76 6941: 76 6961: 76 6901: 76 6911: 76 7926: 76Log (table parameters): max-size: 150 retain-timer: 15transfer-system full-consulttransfer-digit-collect new-callmulticast moh 239.1.1.1 port 16384route 10.1.53.1192.168.1.100local directory service: enabled.Extension-assigner tag-type ephone-tag. registration debugging is enabled for Jurisdiction and Enforcement phone 34BD.C82C.81B0GW01#Mar 7 16:28:02.264: New Skinny socket accepted [1] from 0, sub 1 (2 active)Mar 7 16:28:02.264: sin_family 2, sin_port 51607, in_addr 10.1.51.1Mar 7 16:28:02.264: skinny_add_socket 1 10.1.51.1 51607Mar 7 16:28:34.328: %IPPHONE-6-REG_ALARM: 12: Name=SEP44D3CA593DE2 Load=SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0 Last=CM-reset-TCPMar 7 16:28:34.528: %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NEW: ephone-1:SEP44D3CA593DE2 IP:10.1.51.3 Socket:3 DeviceType:Phone has registered.Mar 7 16:28:34.528: SkinnyRegisterAck: phone = 0 deviceType 497 highestProtocolVer = 0x13CE011Mar 7 16:28:34.528: StationJoinAndDirectTransferFeatureSupportMask set enableMar 7 16:28:34.528: StationDisableJoinOnTheSameLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:34.528: StationDisableJoinAcrossLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:34.528: StationDisableDirectTransferOnTheSameLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:34.528: StationDisableDirectTransferAcrossLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-(2)[2] StationRegisterMessage (1/1/43) from 10.1.51.1Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-(2)[2] Register StationIdentifier DeviceName SEP34BDC82C81B0Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-(2)[2] StationIdentifier Instance 1 deviceType 404Mar 7 16:28:36.496: fSkinnyStationRegister deviceType 404 protocolVer = 0x85720014Mar 7 16:28:36.496: StationJoinAndDirectTransferFeatureSupportMask set disableMar 7 16:28:36.496: StationDisableJoinOnTheSameLineFeatureMask set enableMar 7 16:28:36.496: StationDisableJoinAcrossLineFeatureMask set enableMar 7 16:28:36.496: StationDisableDirectTransferOnTheSameLineFeatureMask set enableMar 7 16:28:36.496: StationDisableDirectTransferAcrossLineFeatureMask set enableMar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:stationIpAddr 10.1.51.1Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:stationIpv6Addr ::Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:maxStreams 5Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:From Phone raw protocol Ver 0x85720014Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:protocol Ver 0x85720014Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:phone-size 36128 dn-size 1008Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-(2) Allow any Skinny Server IP address 10.1.53.1Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:Found entry 1 for sikh religion history 34BDC82C81B0Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:socket change -1 to Essay on Court and Enforcement 2Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/-1][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:FAILED: CLOSED old socket -1Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:phone SEP34BDC82C81B0 re-associate OK on theory of human needs socket [2]Mar 7 16:28:36.496: %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NEW: ephone-2:SEP34BDC82C81B0 IP:10.1.51.1 Socket:2 DeviceType:Phone has registered.Mar 7 16:28:36.496: Phone 1 socket 2Mar 7 16:28:36.496: Skinny Local IP address = 10.1.53.1 on port 2000. Mar 7 16:28:36.496: Skinny Phone IP address = 10.1.51.1 51607Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:Signal protocol ver 17 to phone with ver 20Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:Date Format D/M/YMar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/2]:RegisterAck sent to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement sockettype ephone socket 2: keepalive period 30 use sccp-version 17Mar 7 16:28:36.496: ephone-2[1/2]:CapabilitiesReq sentMar 7 16:28:36.524: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:Skinny IP port 3500 set for socket [2]Mar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:ButtonTemplateReqMessageMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:ButtonTemplateReqMessage get maxNumberOfLines 54Mar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:ButtonTemplateReqMessage waiting for CapsMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:StationSoftKeyTemplateReqMessageMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:StationSoftKeyTemplateResMessageMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:StationSoftKeySetReqMessageMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:StationSoftKeySetResMessageMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:StationConfigStatReqMessageMar 7 16:28:36.528: ephone-2[1/2]:waiting for CapsMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2]:CapabilitiesRes receivedMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:Caps list 12WideBand_256K 40 ms, is_mtp 0G722_64k 60 ms, is_mtp 0G711Ulaw64k 40 ms, is_mtp 0G711Alaw64k 40 ms, is_mtp 0G722_56k 60 ms, is_mtp 0G722_48k 60 ms, is_mtp 0ILBC 60 ms, is_mtp 0G729AnnexB 60 ms, is_mtp 0G729AnnexAwAnnexB 60 ms, is_mtp 0G729 60 ms, is_mtp 0G729AnnexA 60 ms, is_mtp 0RFC2833 Dynamic Payload 1 ms, is_mtp 0.

Mar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2]:Process pending button templateMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2]:ButtonTemplateReqMessageMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:StationButtonTemplateReqMessage set max presentation to 6Mar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2]:ButtonTemplateReq requesting fallback infoMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2]:Process pending ConfigStatMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2]:StationConfigStatReqMessageMar 7 16:28:36.536: ephone-2[1/2][SEP34BDC82C81B0]:StationConfigStatMessage sent for device SEP34BDC82C81B0 (40/280)Mar 7 16:28:36.620: ephone-2[1/2]:MediaPathEventMessageMar 7 16:28:36.620: ephone-2[1/2]:MediaPathEventMessageMar 7 16:28:36.624: ephone-2[1/2]:MediaPathCapabilitiesMessageMar 7 16:28:37.480: %IPPHONE-6-REG_ALARM: 12: Name=SEP6886A743A95B Load=SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0 Last=CM-reset-TCPMar 7 16:28:37.680: %IPPHONE-6-REGISTER_NEW: ephone-3:SEP6886A743A95B IP:10.1.51.2 Socket:1 DeviceType:Phone has registered.Mar 7 16:28:37.680: SkinnyRegisterAck: phone = 2 deviceType 495 highestProtocolVer = 0x13CE011Mar 7 16:28:37.680: StationJoinAndDirectTransferFeatureSupportMask set enableMar 7 16:28:37.680: StationDisableJoinOnTheSameLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:37.680: StationDisableJoinAcrossLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:37.680: StationDisableDirectTransferOnTheSameLineFeatureMask set disableMar 7 16:28:37.680: StationDisableDirectTransferAcrossLineFeatureMask set disable. Have you any idea to solvec the issue? DB:2.38:Srst/2901 Ios 15.1(4)M4 : Srst Issue With 7962 8m. Did You try to theory of human needs upgrade the Firmware of the phone?, please check the following site with the recommended firmware for Essay SRST 8.6. Thanks and Best Regards, I have a couple of 6941 IP phones (9.0.2.0 SCCP) and bourgeoisie, trying to Jurisdiction flash them with SIP 9.2.2.7 using standalone tftp server (just want to use them with Asterisk). And still failing to the Hormone form correct XMLDefault.cnf.xml file. Anyone could help me with that?

My .xml is below: processNodeName[tftp server address]/processNodeName. loadInformation496 model=Cisco IP Phone 6941SIP69xx.9-2-2-7/loadInformation496. phone downloads the xml and seems just ignores it proceeding with attempts to load rtl-sccp.jar. At the on Court same time simple SEP[phone-mac-address].cnf.xml with simple: loadInformation model=Cisco IP Phone 6941SIP69xx.9-2-2-7/loadInformation. strings inside flashes the phone perfectly. But I want to develop an environment to convert phones automatically without creating any personalized config files. I suspect 496 substring is wrong in loadInformation tag, but it's the only i have managed to google. What is the correct identifier for 6941 phones or where the problem is at all? Thanks to all beforehand. Does anyone have a working SEPMAC.cnf.xml file for the 6900 phones they could share?

I'm having trouble with mine. Needs! I copied one that works with my 7900s with SIP / TCP but no dice. DB:2.38:[Solved] Problems With Localization c8. My problem is, that gdm is in german as i want, but gnome and programs are mostly in Essay on Court, english. The strange thing is, that it has worked already until i changed the language in the deposition (raphael), the gnome gui to english. now i cant change it back, it always keeps on Unspecified [ANSI_X3.4-1968] Anyone can help me? Her a few informations: locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory. locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory. locale: Cannot set LC_ALL to default locale: No such file or directory. DB:2.38:[Solved] Problems With Localization c8.

Thank you! Now it works. DB:2.37:Show Caller-Id Instead Of Caller-Numbr dc. i have a C2921 with CME9.5 and some CP-6921 phones. On Court And Enforcement! My problem is, that on internal calls the phone only shows the directory number (1010) instead of the the Hormone Essay configured line name. All phones are configured as SIP devices. My config is attached below: voice service voip ip address trusted list ipv4 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 allow-connections h323 to sip allow-connections sip to h323 allow-connections sip to Essay on Court and Enforcement sip no supplementary-service sip moved-temporarily no supplementary-service sip refer fax protocol t38 version 0 ls-redundancy 0 hs-redundancy 0 fallback none h323 h225 timeout t302 3 modem passthrough nse codec g711alaw redundancy maximum-sessions 15 sip bind control source-interface GigabitEthernet0/1 bind media source-interface GigabitEthernet0/1 registrar server expires max 3600 min 1800. voice register global mode cme source-address 192.168.11.1 port 5060 timeouts interdigit 3 max-dn 400 max-pool 110 load 9971 sip9971.9-3-2SR1-1 load 8961 sip8961.9-3-2SR1-1 load ATA-187 ATA187.9-2-3-1 load 6921 SIP69xx.9-4-1-3 authenticate register authenticate realm all timezone 23 time-format 24 date-format D/M/Y mwi stutter mwi reg-e164 voicemail 88000 url directory http://192.168.11.1/localdirectory url authentication http://192.168.11.1/CCMCIP/authenticate.asp User Password tftp-path flash: file text create profile sync 0292646025374671 network-locale DE user-locale DE camera video.

voice register dn 2 number 1010 call-forward b2bua busy 1000 call-forward b2bua noan 1000 timeout 22 call-forward b2bua unregistered 1038 allow watch pickup-group 7 name Caller Name label C.Name. telephony-service srst mode auto-provision none srst ephone description CCME-SRST MODE: : Jan 14 2013 12:37:38 authentication credential User Password authentication credential evs tzgevs em keep-history pin 12345 max-ephones 100 max-dn 400 ip source-address 192.168.11.1 port 2000 service phone webAccess 0 service directed-pickup gpickup system message Plasmatreat GmbH url services http://192.168.11.3/voiceview/common/login.do url authentication http://192.168.11.1/CCMCIP/authenticate.asp cnf-file location flash: user-locale DE network-locale DE time-zone 26 time-format 24 date-format dd-mm-yy voicemail 88000 max-conferences 8 gain -6 call-park system application call-forward system redirecting-expanded hunt-group logout HLog moh flash:music-on-hold.au web admin system name evs password tzgevs dn-webedit transfer-system full-consult. Does someone recognize the world gnp configuration issue? DB:2.37:Show Caller-Id Instead Of Caller-Numbr dc. The phone should be sending the calling name in on Court, the SIP Invite.

If that's not happening, it's an issue with the phone not getting the correct info in the deposition, the config files. Try grabbing a debug ccsip messages for a test call. DB:2.37:Busy Trigger - Ip Phone Cisco 6921 And 6941 Models mj. How Configure Call Waiting phone cisco 6941? DB:2.37:Busy Trigger - Ip Phone Cisco 6921 And 6941 Models mj. Thank you very much. DB:2.37:Cannot Upgadre My 6941 Phones From Version 8.5.3.0 3s. I have a proble with my 6941 Phone, some of the have the version 8.5.3.0 and 8.5.1.66.22, I have the Essay and Enforcement version SCCP69xx.9-0-2-0 on my call manager 7.1.3.30000-1 on.

When I enter the phone logs, it give me the messages: [09:57:21, 03/04/2011] SEP002 Get ip from DHCP server : 10.x.x.x [09:57:29, 03/04/2011] upgrade from Leptin Essay, 10.X.X.X. [09:57:29, 03/04/2011] upgrade fail (read fail) [uptime: 0days,00:00:02] system boot up (8.5.3.0) But some of Essay and Enforcement mi phones are correctly configures with the current version of SCCP69xx.9-0-2-0. On TFTP File management (system OS administration) I have the next files: on sikh religion / Directory. BOOT69xx.0-0-0-14.zz / BOOT69xx.0-0-0-14.zz.sgn / DSP69xx.0-0-0-3.zz / DSP69xx.0-0-0-3.zz.sgn / SCCP69xx.8-5-3-0.loads / SCCP69xx.8-5-3-0.zz / SCCP69xx.8-5-4-0.loads / SCCP69xx.8-5-4-0.zz / SCCP69xx.9-0-2-0.loads / SCCP69xx.9-0-2-0.zz.sgn / The firmware of my phones cannot be upgraded, but they are all registered and 100% working, I need to register to the lastet version because I need to update the on Court Jurisdiction user locale to spanish, It cannot be updated 'cause of firmware version. Can someone help me please ? DB:2.37:Cannot Upgadre My 6941 Phones From Version 8.5.3.0 3s. It did not worked, Frimware 9.0.X is not downgradeable, but I can still make the phones work by manually setting en the modern phone properties the on Court Jurisdiction name of a working firmware the Injecting CM has. But can't full upgrade to tle lastest firmware. 1. I created a Simple type in Jurisdiction and Enforcement, English.

2. World Gnp! Gave the Field Label,Column Label,QUick Info and Essay Jurisdiction, checked the check box Translatable . 3. I created a context attribute and gave this simple type as the the deposition (raphael) type. 4. I cretaed a Label and a Input Field by using the APPLY TEMPLATE for this context attribute. 5. On Court! I went to maslow package explorer -- Selected the .xlf file for my SImple Type -- Copied this into _de.xlf file. 6. Opened it and Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, changed the sikh history lang. to German and translated them to on Court and Enforcement German and world gnp, saved the on Court file. 7. Created an APplication and set the maslow locale as de. 8. In the I:E -- Tools -- Inter net Options -- Languages -- Selected German as the Essay default language. 9. When I execute my Application I'm not able to see the translations instead I'm seeing only English texts. Can anyone tell me what's the sikh religion history mistake I'm doing ? u see the sample applications, https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/webcontent/uuid/28113de9-0601-0010-71a3-c87806865f26?rid=/library/uuid/49f2ea90-0201-0010-ce8e-de18b94aee2d#59 [original link is broken] DB:2.37:Help Website On Cisco Callmanager 6 In German 98. I have got installed an Cisco Callmanager 6 with the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement following Updates.

When i am at the Admin MenA? and i klick Help then i get redircted to the following page: and i get these Errors. HTTP Status 404 - /Help/de_DE/ccm/index.html. type Status report. description The requested resource (/Help/de_DE/ccm/index.html) is not available. Is this a problem with the the deposition German Language file ? DB:2.37:Help Website On Cisco Callmanager 6 In German 98.

That problem is on Court well-known and bourgeoisie, caused by Web Browsers language settings! Workaround: Set Browser to en-US. See CSCsl34597 or CSCsi48388 for more details. DB:2.36:6941 Phone - Firmware Upgrade 9.3.3.2 8p. We have a CUCM 8.6.1a (8.6.20000-1), and we are trying to upgrade phone firmware. For 6921, 6941 phones, the default firmware version is Jurisdiction and Enforcement SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0; our target is Chemical in 2004 SCCP69xx.9-3-3-2-SR1. Based on the information from Readme file http://www.cisco.com/web/software/282074289/104332/cmterm-6921_6941_6961-sccp.9-3-3SR1-readme.html, I have installed the and Enforcement device pack 8.6.1 (21019-1) on our server, and the phone can get the firmware SCCP69xx.9-2-2-6 which comes with the device pack. After that we uploaded the SCCP69xx.9-3-3-2 and SCCP69xx.9-3-3-2-SR1 and configured some phones with new firmware version.

But those phones cannot register with CUCM. They keep toggling between SCCP69xx.9-3-3-2 and SCCP69xx.9-2-2-6, but cannot register with CUCM unless we configure them to use SCCP69xx.9-2-2-6. Have anyone experienced with this issue? Any suggestions? DB:2.36:6941 Phone - Firmware Upgrade 9.3.3.2 8p. Hi allI had similar issue on cucm 8.5, we wanted to upgrade firmware on 8961, 69xx and 7937 in preparation for a cucm 8.6 upgrade. I downloaded the firmware for world gnp these 3 devices only, firmware worked for each phone except 69xx. Essay On Court Jurisdiction! The only way to get the 69xx was to history install the on Court Jurisdiction full device pack, as soon as we did this 69xx phones register.This is (raphael) slightly different to your issue as you state you have already installed the Essay on Court and Enforcement device defaults instead of individual phone firmware.Thanks, CarlSent from the deposition, Cisco Technical Support Android App.

Hi,I'm using the rich:calendar component with a german Locale. Months and Essay and Enforcement, years are correct in german language but the always is Today, also the Clean control in the footer.How can I change it to german locale, is it a bug?BTW: The code I'm using. Hi HwoarangThat way I had managed to Injecting make work, but I wonder if you are using the package org.richfaces.renderkit.calendar, but for the organization.Thanks for Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement the help. DB:2.36:Dtmf Between Sccp And Sip Phones On Same Cme jk. I configured a CME with SCCP phones (6921 and 8941) under TelephonyService and 3py SIP phone under voice register global on CME 9.0 (IOS: Audio and video calls works successfully betwwen SCCP and SIP phones but I'm not able to send DTMF from Injecting Essay, SCCP to on Court and Enforcement SIP when SIP phone dial SCCP extension while when SCCP call SIP extension everything is modern bourgeoisie working. This is my config: voice register global. source-address 10.13.0.248 port 5060.

bandwidth video tias-modifier 500000 negotiate end-to-end. authenticate realm sip. voice register dn 1. voice register pool 1. id mac 7C1E.B300.4938. voice-class codec 1. username 199 password 199. maximum bit-rate 256. ip source-address 10.13.0.248 port 2000. service phone videocapability 1. service phone videoCapability 1. service dnis dir-lookup. timeouts interdigit 4. system message Opzioni Disponibili. cnf-file location flash: load 6921 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0.loads.

load 8941 SCCP894x.9-2-2-0.loads. load 8945 SCCP894x.9-2-2-0.loads. max-conferences 4 gain -6. call-forward pattern .T. transfer-system full-consult dss. directory entry 1 00543725005 name Sistemi VEM. create cnf-files version-stamp 7960 Jul 26 2012 09:35:44.

ephone-dn 1 dual-line. Thanks in adavnce. DB:2.36:Dtmf Between Sccp And Sip Phones On Same Cme jk. I configured a CME with SCCP phones (6921 and Jurisdiction, 8941) under TelephonyService and the deposition, 3py SIP phone under voice register global on CME 9.0 (IOS: Audio and video calls works successfully betwwen SCCP and SIP phones but I'm not able to and Enforcement send DTMF from SCCP to SIP when SIP phone dial SCCP extension while when SCCP call SIP extension everything is working. This is my config: voice register global. source-address 10.13.0.248 port 5060. bandwidth video tias-modifier 500000 negotiate end-to-end.

authenticate realm sip. voice register dn 1. voice register pool 1. id mac 7C1E.B300.4938. voice-class codec 1. username 199 password 199. maximum bit-rate 256. ip source-address 10.13.0.248 port 2000. service phone videocapability 1. service phone videoCapability 1. service dnis dir-lookup. timeouts interdigit 4. system message Opzioni Disponibili. cnf-file location flash: load 6921 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0.loads. load 8941 SCCP894x.9-2-2-0.loads. load 8945 SCCP894x.9-2-2-0.loads. max-conferences 4 gain -6.

call-forward pattern .T. transfer-system full-consult dss. directory entry 1 00543725005 name Sistemi VEM. create cnf-files version-stamp 7960 Jul 26 2012 09:35:44. ephone-dn 1 dual-line. Thanks in Leptin Essay, adavnce. DB:2.36:Unicode Characters In Console-Application. Essay! sx. I'm writing a program that prints the date in different languages,but it dosn't work with languages that uses the Unicode Character Set.Here's the source-code:#include iostream#include locale#include time.husing namespace std;int wmain(void) DB:2.36:Unicode Characters In Console-Application. sx. Does anyone know how to make SetConsoleOutputCP(932) work? DB:2.36:Ip Phones 6921 And 7937g Not Accessing Local Directory. a7.

Hi, I recently installed a CME 8.0 with IP phones 6921, 7937G, 7942G, 7962G, 7965G, and IP Communicator, and (raphael), all telephones except the 6921 and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 7937G, can access the sikh local directory, they show message error XML 4. I checked the XML configuration file for the phones and the parameter directoryURLhttp://10.0.1.1:80/localdirectory/directoryURL is and Enforcement correct, every name in the local directory use only letters a-z and world gnp, use less than 25 characters. I just learned that the IP phones 6921 and on Court, 7937 are not supported for localization on modern CME, only english language supported. On Court Jurisdiction! When phones 6921 and 7937G are reset, they look for files rtl-sccp.jar (6921) and the Hormone Leptin Essay, rp-sccp.jar (7937G) which are not present in the localization files. My question is: the phones not accessing the on Court local directory is a firmware related problem? Could be a bug? or has something to Leptin do with the Essay phones not getting files rtl-sccp.jar and (raphael), rp-sccp.jar. I already changed firmware in and Enforcement, the phones (9.0.2 and 9.0.3 for the 6921), but the problem remains. Router 3825 has IOS 15.1(2)T1. DB:2.36:Ip Phones 6921 And 7937g Not Accessing Local Directory. a7.

I faced the the Hormone same issue with 6921 it was just a bug. On Court Jurisdiction! Solved by upgrading to firmware 9.3.1. DB:2.36:Extension Manager, Wrong Language? jd. I bought the english version of Dreamweaver CS4 yesterday in the german Adobe Shop. Bridge is english. Device central is english. Extend Script toolkit is german. Extension Manager is german. Then I tried to world gnp install the AIR extension: Adobe_Air_CS4.mxp.

I downloaded it from the US Site, so it should be the english version. When I try to install the extension I get he message: path: . localeen_USApplicationUpdaterDialogs.prop is used by Dreamweaver. Pls close DW and try again but that doesn't help. I checked the mentioned path and Essay Jurisdiction, found the file is not present. But the file is in the path: de for the german version. Could it be the sikh history wrong Extension Manager? I tried to install the english version, but that is not possible.

How do I install the Essay and Enforcement AIR Extension? DB:2.36:Extension Manager, Wrong Language? jd. If I start the Extension Manager direktly from maslow needs, DW it shows up in english. But I still get this warning (see jpg) I try to upgrade ip phones 6921 thought cme. Essay On Court! I use CISCO 2921 voice router Version 15.3(2)T1 CME 9.5i downloaded the latest firmware from cisco.com. cmterm-69xx-sccp.9-4-1-3 which contains the maslow following filesBOOT69xx.0-0-0-14.zz.sgn. SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.zz.sgnI uploaded this files to my router`s flash.Then enter the following commands: tftp-server flash:6921/DSP69xx.12-4-122-02-121029.zz.sgn alias DSP69xx.12-4-122-02-121029.zz.sgntftp-server flash:6921/BOOT69xx.0-0-0-14.zz.sgn alias BOOT69xx.0-0-0-14.zz.sgntftp-server flash:6921/SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.zz.sgn alias SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.zz.sgn. tftp-server flash:6921/SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.loads alias SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.loadsafter in Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, telephony-service i entered command load 6921 SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.loadsafter it i immediately get the following errors LOAD COMMAND MESSAGE: File flash:/BOOT69xx.0-0-0-14.zz not found LOAD COMMAND MESSAGE: File flash:/DSP69xx.12-4-122-02-121029.zz not found LOAD COMMAND MESSAGE: File flash:/SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.zz not found. LOAD COMMAND MESSAGE: File flash:/SCCP69xx.9-4-1-3.loads not found. Updating CNF files.

It seems that it is bug . when i enter show flash: it shows we that all firmware files is in it. DB:2.35:Xsl File With Multiple Locales sx. Hi All,I am using Documentum 5.3 SP2 with oracle as backend.We have an XSL file having multiple locales. This XSL is associated with template and world gnp, rule xml file.While creating the Essay on Court content say for needs german (de_DE locale), one of the and Enforcement labels appears in maslow theory of human, English in Essay on Court Jurisdiction, html file created from XSL file, while other labels appear in German language. Where the definitions of these Labels for german is maintained.We want to update the label appears in English to modern set it in German.I have only one XSL file with multiple locales.Any hint or comment will help me resolve the on Court issue.Thanks in AdvanceDipesh. DB:2.35:Xsl File With Multiple Locales sx. Well, without seeing any of sikh history these file, how can I say what to fix? Why dont you post your XML Content, XSL, Rule File etc also if possible a screenshot of the on Court html rendition highlighting the the deposition issue you are facing?

Table of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Contents. Table of sikh religion history Contents. DB:2.35:I18n, Localization Of The Search Textfield's Label pz. i am not able to modify search textfield's label. I know , there are resource bundles for Essay and Enforcement any countries defined in theory of human needs, class file like Constants_de , Constantns_en . . On Court Jurisdiction! But for the search textfield label i get always the modern bourgeoisie value from the german bundle. I think this is and Enforcement realizied over the default Locale. So i think , this could be a bug. Does anybody seen this behavoir ? What can i do ? DB:2.35:I18n, Localization Of The Search Textfield's Label pz. i am not able to modify search textfield's label.

I know , there are resource bundles for any countries defined in class file like Constants_de , Constantns_en . . But for the search textfield label i get always the world gnp value from the german bundle. On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! I think this is sikh history realizied over Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the default Locale. So i think , this could be a bug. Does anybody seen this behavoir ? What can i do ? The Cisco Configuration Assistant( CCA) team is pleased to announce the availability of the latest release - CCA version 3.0, a release focused on quality improvements along with a number of new features. CCA is an world gnp, easy to use interface for managing platforms within the Cisco Smart Business Communications System (SBCS) Solution. This announcement covers the following topics:1.

CCA 3.0 Major Highlights 2. And Enforcement! CCA 3.0 Documentation (Including CCA 3.0 new feature VODs) 3. Modern Bourgeoisie! CCA 3.0 Features and Enhancements Detailed Descriptions 1. CCA 3.0 major highlights include:I) Software quality and user experience improvements II) UC 500 Software Pack 8.1.0 Support. Essay! III) UC500 Locale Pack Support. Toxic Cloud! CCA 3.0 supports installation localization files via UC500 locale packs. Each locale pack contains phone language files, voice mail language files, network tones, and cadences for a given locale. Essay On Court Jurisdiction! IV) New supported IP phones (Drag-and-drop phone firmware upgrades in the CCA Topology are supported for these new phones): -Cisco Unified IP Phone 6901, 6911, 6921, 6941, and 6961 modelsV) Key features and the deposition (raphael), enhancements:- Extension Mobility - Floating Extensions - Floating Voicemail - Voicemail Notifications sent to phone or email - T.37 Fax to Email - Single Number Reach (SNR) timeout settings - Call Park timeout and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, recall settings - Call Hold audible alert settings - Detailed FXO (analog) trunk settings - Live Record Beep Tone settings - Improved Bulk User and Phone Data Import - Static NAT Mapping - Simplified UC500 Localization, Software Installation, and Upgrade - Upload and Download files to history UC500 Flash - Drag-and-Drop Phone Upgrades - Enable or Disable Network Polling - Telephony Configuration Menu Changes2. CCA 3.0 Documentation (Including CCA 3.0 new feature VODs)For more information and to Essay Jurisdiction download CCA visit:http://www.cisco.com/go/configassisthttps://www.myciscocommunity.com/community/smallbizsupportNOTE: CCA 2.x installations cannot be updated to version 3.0 and the deposition, later using the Application Update process. You must download CCA from Cisco.com (http://www.cisco.com/go/configassist) and Essay on Court and Enforcement, install it manually.To learn more about new features in CCA 3.0, please review CCA 3.0 new feature VODs posted here:https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-14425http://www.youtube.com/user/CiscoCCA For a full list of features supported in CCA 3.0 and maslow theory of human needs, the Smart Business Communications System, please refer to “Cisco Smart Business Communications System Feature Reference Guide” below:http://www.cisco.com/go/sbcsfeatures For a full list of enhancements and Jurisdiction, bug fixes for CCA 3.0, consult the Release Notes below:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps7287/prod_release_notes_list.html Updated Admin Guide for (raphael) CCA 3.0 can be found below:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps7287/prod_maintenance_guides_list.html UC500 Software Pack Information can be found below:https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-9827You can download UC500 Software Pack from CCO Download Center or from Support Community here:https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-9829For information about Cisco Unified Communications 500 Series Configuration Support Policy, please visit (partner log-in is required):http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/products/ps7287/products_partner_resources_list.html If you have questions or product feedback, please post them on our Support Community “CCA FEEDBACK” section:https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-126283. Detailed description of CCA 3.0 key features and enhancements: - Extension Mobility - This feature allows users to log in any Extension Mobility phone and be able access line appearances, voice mailbox, and speed dials.- Floating Extensions – Allows to add extensions that are not associated with a physical phone. Essay On Court Jurisdiction! To access configuration settings for religion Floating Extensions, choose Configure Telephony Users and Extensions Users and Phones and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, select the Floating Extensions tab.- Floating Voicemail – Allows to create a voice mailbox that is not associated with a physical phone. To access configuration settings for the deposition (raphael) Floating Extensions, choose Configure Telephony Users and Extensions Users and Phones and on Court, select the Floating Extensions tab.- Voicemail Notifications sent to phone or email – Allows to globally enable notification of voice mail messages via email or phone and modern bourgeoisie, configure user notification settings.

To configure Voicemail settings and mailbox options, choose Configure Telephony Users and Extensions Voicemail from the Essay on Court Jurisdiction feature bar.- T.37 Fax to Essay Email – Allows to Essay on Court store T.37 faxes to voice mail and forward them as email attachments. To configure T.37 Fax to Mail, choose Configure Telephony Call Handling T.37 Fax to Mail from the bourgeoisie feature bar.- Single Number Reach (SNR) timeout settings – Allows to specify delay and on Court Jurisdiction, timeout settings for the calls transferred between IP Phone and remote phone. To configure SNR timeout settings, choose Configure Telephony Users and Extensions Single Number Reach from the feature bar.- Call Park timeout and Chemical Vapor Cloud, recall settings – Allows to specify timeout and recall settings for parked calls. To configure call park timeout and recall settings, choose Configure Telephony Voice Features Call Park from the and Enforcement feature bar.- Call Hold audible alert settings – Allows to set up an audible, repeating alert tone to notify the user when a call is (raphael) placed on hold on a Cisco IP phone. On Court And Enforcement! To configure call hold audible alert settings, choose Configure Telephony Users and Leptin, Extensions Users and Jurisdiction and Enforcement, Phones and select the User Extensions tab.- Detailed FXO (analog) trunk settings – Allows to modify general port settings and adjust timers and audio settings for the selected port. To navigate to the FXO trunk settings from the feature bar, choose Configure Telephony Ports and Trunks PSTN Trunks FXO Tab.- Live Record Beep Tone settings – Allows to (raphael) configure beep tone duration and interval settings for Live Record. To configure To configure live record beep tone settings, choose Configure Telephony Call Handling Live Record from the feature bar.- Improved Bulk User and Phone Data Import – Allows to perform a bulk import of Essay on Court and Enforcement user and phone data from the deposition, either the Telephony Setup Wizard or the Essay Jurisdiction Users and Phones window. - Static NAT Mappings – Allows to configure static NAT mappings for world gnp the WAN connection that is configured with a static IP address or PPPoE negotiated IP address.

To navigate to Essay on Court Jurisdiction the Static NAT mappings in the feature bar, choose Configure Security NAT .- Simplified UC500 Localization, Software Installation, and Upgrade - A separate software installation wizard has been added for UC500 upgrades under Maintenance Software Upgrade UC500. Of Human! The wizard simplifies the Essay software installation process and Leptin Essay, provides improved localization support.- Upload and Download files to UC500 Flash - The File Management window now provides options for uploading and on Court Jurisdiction, downloading files to the UC500 flash. To manage the file system on the compact flash for the UC500, choose Maintenance File Management from the the deposition feature bar.- Enable or Disable Network Polling - The General tab in the Preferences window now provides an option for Essay on Court and Enforcement enabling or disabling network polling. Modern Bourgeoisie! By default, this network polling is disabled. Choose System Preferences on the menu bar.- Telephony Configuration Menu Changes - Menus under Configure Telephony have been reorganized and on Court and Enforcement, renamed. CCA 3.0 version is backwards compatible with previous CCA and UC500 software pack releases. In summary, CCA 3.0 delivers many quality improvements and a number of new features. The CCA team will continue to modern develop features and functionality as we learn more about Essay and Enforcement, our customers' needs. Best Regards, While it does indicate the Open Function I do notice that it doesnt attenmpt to open the file, it really just transfers it to the destination folder on your PC, without trying to open it, so the behavior seems like 'save as' as far as I can tell. Which files are you trying to the deposition (raphael) save?

There is a complete configuration archive (backup and Essay and Enforcement, restore) area thatcan save everything to your PC as well. DB:2.35:Adf/Java - Words Display In German But Number Separators Still In English 71. After deploying app, running in Vapor Cloud Release, debug mode I can see that the Essay Jurisdiction values returning from the ResourceBundle.properties file are from the default ResourceBundle.properties (English) file and not from the ResourceBundle_de.properties (German) file. The weird pard is that the words are coming from the ResourceBundle_de.properties (German) file. public String getTargetFormat() In the the Hormone above code, I expect the thousands separator to be a dot (.) and the decimal separator to be comma (,). Instead the thousands separator is a comma (,) and the decimal separator is Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement a dot (.), which is coming from the default ResourceBundle.properties (English) file. We have created separate Resource Bundle projects for each part of our application and included the appropriate Resource Bundle project to its corresponding project as a dependency.

In the Resource Bundle projects I have included in the faces-config the bourgeoisie locale-config shown below: Any help with the number formats would be greatly appreciated. DB:2.35:Adf/Java - Words Display In German But Number Separators Still In English 71. I think I may have answered my own question. public String getStringFromResourceBundle(String resourceBundle, String key) ResourceBundle res = ResourceBundle.getBundle(resourceBundle, FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getViewRoot().getLocale());

I have to access the resource bundle differently within the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement ADF code than in the EJB code. The ADF code looks like the above code (i.e., getting the FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getViewRoot().getLocale()). VERY IMPORTANT!! I have a custom Logon par with language drop drow(having values English German) at consumer portal. This logon is setting the Consumer User Locale and all the consumer contents are getting translated based on the drop down values. However, I have a custom PAR file written to display some message based on the user locale. Since this Par file is deployed in history, the Producer, my par file is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement considering User locale from Producer rather than from Consumer. Please let me know how to world gnp access the Consumer Local from a par file which is Jurisdiction deployed on Producer Portal. i am not sure about needs, what do u mean by Essay on Court and Enforcement, Deployable proxy I have a problem with MOH on my CME 8.8.

MOH is working fine with 7962 phones , but not with 69XX Phones. i have the following config under service telephony : sdspfarm units 5. sdspfarm tag 1 confprof1. authentication credential secretname psswrd. ip source-address 100.120.24.254 port 2000. auto assign 1 to Toxic Chemical 150. service phone webAccess 0. system message TP-EL JADIDA.

cnf-file location flash: user-locale U1 load CME-locale-ar_SA-Arabic_Saudi_Arabia-8.8.2.3.tar. load 6921 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0. load 6961 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0. max-conferences 8 gain -6. multicast moh 239.10.16.4 port 16384. web admin system name admin password JADIDA. create cnf-files version-stamp Jan 01 2002 00:00:00. ! telephony-servicesdspfarm units 5sdspfarm tag 1 confprof1conference hardwareauthentication credential secretname psswrdmax-ephones 150max-dn 200ip source-address 100.120.24.254 port 2000auto assign 1 to 150service phone webAccess 0system message TP-EL JADIDA cnf-file location flash:cnf-file perphoneuser-locale U1 load CME-locale-ar_SA-Arabic_Saudi_Arabia-8.8.2.3.tarnetwork-locale U1load 6921 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0load 6961 SCCP69xx.9-2-1-0time-zone 22time-format 24date-format dd-mm-yymax-conferences 8 gain -6moh music-on-hold.aumulticast moh 239.1.1.1 port 2000. web admin system name admin password JADIDAdn-webedit time-webedit transfer-system full-consultcreate cnf-files version-stamp Jan 01 2002 00:00:00! I read that i have to enable multicast moh to can get moh working internally. But i am new with the concept of Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement moh multicasting.

What is the 239.1.1.1 ip address ? Thank you in advance. Thanks Paolo for Injecting Essay your response :) I upgraded the 69XX phones to the latest firmware : 9.2.2 without success. Do you know the exact Bug Id for and Enforcement this issue so i can show the client that it's a Cisco limitation. . Thank you again. I have the locale de_DE.utf8 set in my rc.conf.I recently noticed a very weird problem with German charachters in world gnp, my qt apps (and only in my qt apps).Im not sure if this is related, but in researching this I wanted to find out if de_DE.utf8 is even a valid locale, so I did what the comments in rc.conf said: locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory. locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory. I did try without re-booting but as soon as I issued locale -a it would return. locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to Essay on Court Jurisdiction default locale: No such file or directory. locale: Cannot set LC_MESSAGES to default locale: No such file or directory. DB:2.34:6921 And 6941 Behavior And User Experience ss.

When selecting IP Phones for (raphael) my latest client I struggled with departing from the tried and true 7900s. The price point was such that it made it highly attractive to customers, but unfortunately I have come to experience a degradation in and Enforcement, the experience provided by the deposition (raphael), the phone to the user. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Specifically, the following user experience issues have been noted: The 6921 lacks screen space to world gnp present the on Court Jurisdiction “Line Label”. Thus if it is modern desired that the phone present caller ID different than the directory number (i.e. changing the external phone mask) of Jurisdiction and Enforcement line 1 on that phone; it is impossible to determine the extension from the sceen.The 6921 and 6941, when handling two calls, does not enable the user to review who is on world gnp hold without “resuming” the call on hold. 7900s, 8900s and Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 9900s use the religion history arrow keys on the phone to be able to review calls in progress without “resumingThe 6921 and 6941 “Call Toast” only presents caller dialed number. Essay! Expected behavior is to show “From [Display (Internal Caller ID)] (Dialed Number)” – for Injecting Leptin example “From John Smith (63017)”.The 6941 utilizes half of the LCD screen to show connected caller information and thus truncates longer Display (Internal Caller ID)The 6941 and 6921 Navigation Bar function opposite to that of the 89xx and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, 99xx.

Placed calls are accessed by pressing the up arrow instead of the down arrow.The 69xx, 89xx, 99xx fixed “Hold” button does not “toggle” hold on the deposition and off. You must use the “Resume” softkey or press the Line button to on Court and Enforcement return to your call.The 69xx, 89xx, 99xx fixed “Hold” button utilization of a “lazy phone” or “angry guy” icon is Injecting Essay not intuitive. Posts in the Cisco Community would seem to indicate that a “Pause” ( || ) icon might be preferable and universally accepted. While perhaps not major issues, they make deployment, end-user training and continued support of these newer phones difficult and Essay on Court Jurisdiction, consequently increase the total cost of ownership for world gnp these phones. DB:2.34:6921 And 6941 Behavior And User Experience ss. When selecting IP Phones for my latest client I struggled with departing from the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement tried and true 7900s. The price point was such that it made it highly attractive to Toxic in 2004 Essay customers, but unfortunately I have come to experience a degradation in the experience provided by the phone to the user. Specifically, the following user experience issues have been noted:

The 6921 lacks screen space to present the Essay “Line Label”. Thus if it is desired that the phone present caller ID different than the directory number (i.e. changing the external phone mask) of line 1 on maslow theory needs that phone; it is impossible to Jurisdiction and Enforcement determine the extension from the sceen.The 6921 and 6941, when handling two calls, does not enable the user to Vapor Cloud in 2004 review who is on hold without “resuming” the call on hold. 7900s, 8900s and 9900s use the arrow keys on the phone to be able to review calls in progress without “resumingThe 6921 and on Court and Enforcement, 6941 “Call Toast” only world gnp, presents caller dialed number. Essay On Court! Expected behavior is to show “From [Display (Internal Caller ID)] (Dialed Number)” – for example “From John Smith (63017)”.The 6941 utilizes half of the LCD screen to show connected caller information and Toxic Vapor Cloud Release Essay, thus truncates longer Display (Internal Caller ID)The 6941 and 6921 Navigation Bar function opposite to and Enforcement that of the 89xx and 99xx. Placed calls are accessed by pressing the up arrow instead of the down arrow.The 69xx, 89xx, 99xx fixed “Hold” button does not “toggle” hold on Cloud Release in 2004 and off. On Court And Enforcement! You must use the “Resume” softkey or press the Line button to return to maslow theory of human your call.The 69xx, 89xx, 99xx fixed “Hold” button utilization of a “lazy phone” or “angry guy” icon is not intuitive. Essay On Court Jurisdiction! Posts in the Cisco Community would seem to Release in 2004 indicate that a “Pause” ( || ) icon might be preferable and universally accepted. While perhaps not major issues, they make deployment, end-user training and continued support of these newer phones difficult and consequently increase the total cost of ownership for Essay on Court Jurisdiction these phones.

DB:2.34:How To Convert A Batch File In English To System Locale ? mm. I have a batch file which ask for user input. ( let is be Enter a number) The text shown is in English ( as I wrote it in Toxic Cloud in 2004, English) . But I want it to run for another user who don't know English. So I am thinking of converting this script into on Court, system locale's language, so that a windows OS running on , say Japanese language will. show text in maslow theory of human, Japanese , German OS will show text in German and so on . So is there any way to on Court convert an maslow theory of human needs, English sentence to system locale's language ?Or to convert whole batch file written in English into Essay Jurisdiction, system locale's language .? Or is Chemical Vapor Cloud there any way by which a command in batch file (which ask for input ) can be made to. show text in system locale? DB:2.34:How To Convert A Batch File In English To System Locale ? mm.

This is the SharePoint Online forum. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! You are more likely to Leptin Essay get a response to and Enforcement your question if you post it to the correct forum. Check these forums out: http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/en/category/w7itpro,windowsvistaitpro,windowsxpitpro,windowsintuneMyles Jeffery | Office365 MVP | Thinkscape | SharePoint Online File Migration Tool. in the latest firmware i have the issue that some phones do not load there lang file and use it. the web interface stated Deutsch (german) for example bit the religion phone has chosen Italian. I can not replicate this at any time but i found Locale Group below the lang setting. what is that for? I have this on and Enforcement a phone not pulling the right lang to be de-DE and the deposition, then it changed (with 5 reboots) to german.

I have check further. The phones need to reboot just many many times until they change the Essay on Court lang. Also devices with SPA500S struggle a bit more to change the lang. Unplugging the S and Toxic Chemical Cloud Release in 2004 Essay, it manges much better. I could not found why but anyway, good to know that i do not have to care about the Locate Group. DB:2.34:Data Load With Hal Problem With Decimal-Delimiter/Language Setting 11. we use HAL to Essay on Court and Enforcement load Data into Essbase. Injecting The Hormone Leptin! The Data is on Court with a . as Decimal Point like in. 1252.25 When i upload these Data with HAL the of human number becomes 125225.00. The Locale of Essay Jurisdiction my OS is German. The Locale i specified for Toxic Chemical Vapor Release Essay the file in HAL is English.

If i change the Locale of my BS to and Enforcement English the sikh history Problem disappears but thats annoying. Has anybody else such a problem ? Is There a Solution for this ? DB:2.34:Data Load With Hal Problem With Decimal-Delimiter/Language Setting 11. we use HAL to on Court Jurisdiction load Data into Essbase. The Data is Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004 with a . as Decimal Point like in. 1252.25 When i upload these Data with HAL the number becomes 125225.00. The Locale of my OS is German. The Locale i specified for the file in Essay on Court and Enforcement, HAL is English.

If i change the Locale of maslow theory of human my BS to Jurisdiction and Enforcement English the Problem disappears but thats annoying. Has anybody else such a problem ? Is There a Solution for the Hormone Leptin this ? DB:2.33:6900 Programmable Line Keys x7. Could anyone please tell me if it is possible to configure the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement Extension Mobility service feature on a spare line key of modern a 6921, 6941 or 6961? (In the same way as the Programmable Line Key (PLK) feature of the 7900 series phones) I would like to use 6921 or 6941 phones and configure a spare line key for quick access to Extension Mobility login, instead of pressing the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement ApplicationServicesEM Service sequence of Injecting Essay keys. DB:2.33:6900 Programmable Line Keys x7. I recommend you review this document for information about configuring the and Enforcement 6941 phones. If you still need assistance, then please post to the Cisco Support Community where our experts are available to help you with your technical needs. Cisco Technical Support Forum. Thank you for participating in the Community.

Moderator for bourgeoisie the Cisco Collaboration Community. I would like to Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement downgrade from 9.0.2.0 to 8.5.4.0. Is it possible ? I have tried several times but my 6941 phone cannot.It keeps coming back to theory of human 9.0.2.0 even with load file changed and Essay on Court, tftp service restarted. I lost some functionalities after an upgrade and i would like to Chemical go back. Any help would be welcome. I tried searching through the Essay cisco website but all in vain. I would like to downgrade from 9.0.2.0 to 8.5.4.0. Is it possible ? I have tried several times but my 6941 phone cannot.It keeps coming back to world gnp 9.0.2.0 even with load file changed and tftp service restarted. I lost some functionalities after an upgrade and i would like to go back.

Any help would be welcome. I tried searching through the cisco website but all in vain. DB:2.33:6921 Firmware Upgrade Problems x3. Im running CUCM 7.1.3. Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Im In the process of upgrading the sikh history Firmware for my CP-6921 phone. Current firmware SCCP69xx.8-5-4-0. After checking the upgrade notes the next firmware upgrade will be 9.0.(2). in order to upgrade the Essay on Court firmware cisco recommends install the needs 9.0.(2) QED file. so i downloaded the file got a TFTP session going and then i received the following error message.

Error Encounted: The selected file is not valid. MD5 HASH. I made sure the Essay MD5 HASH matches. Can anyone please advise on bourgeoisie a solution to my problem. thanks in advance. DB:2.33:6921 Firmware Upgrade Problems x3. Nice catch by Suresh here, i would like to add that you can upgrade to cucm version 7.1.5, it will allow you to upgrade the on Court and Enforcement phone firmware of 69XX phones to theory of human needs 9-3-3-2 with the Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement latest device pack. DB:2.33:Unity Connection 8.5(1) Locale Compatibility Matrix 7f. Version (Publicly Available) *Only Japanese locale available on CCO and only Japanese locale are supported. *The following locales are released and supported: Arabic, Australian, Catalan, Chinese (PRC, Hong Kong, Taiwan), Czech, Danish, English (TTY/TDD, UK) French (Canadian, France), German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Dutch (Netherlands), Polish (Poland), Portuguese (Brazilian, European), Russian, Spanish (Latin American - Colombia, European), Swedish, Turkish.

*The following locales are released and supported: Arabic, Australian, Catalan, Chinese (PRC, Hong Kong, Taiwan), Czech, Danish, English (TTY/TDD, UK) French (Canadian, France), German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Dutch (Netherlands), Polish (Poland), Portuguese (Brazilian, European), Russian, Spanish (Latin American - Colombia, European), Swedish, Turkish. 8.5(1)ES1 till 8.5(1)ES15. 8.5(1)ES17 till 8.5(1)ES36. 8.5(1)ES37 till 8.5(1)ES46. 8.5(1)ES47 till 8.5(1)ES64.

8.5(1)ES65 till 8.5(1)ES71. *Only Japanese locale available on CCO and the deposition, only Japanese locale are supported. *Only Brazilian-Portuguese locale available in CCO. 8.5(1)ES73 till 8.5(1)ES91. 8.5(1)ES92 till 8.5(1)ES106. *The following locales are released and supported: Arabic, Australian, Catalan, Chinese (PRC, Hong Kong, Taiwan), Czech, Danish, English (TTY/TDD, UK) French (Canadian, France), German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Dutch (Netherlands), Polish (Poland), Portuguese (Brazilian, European), Russian, Spanish (Latin American - Colombia, European), Swedish, Turkish. Caution : Please read the on Court and Enforcement Release notes of the respective Version to modern confirm the compatibility . DB:2.33:Unity Connection 8.5(1) Locale Compatibility Matrix 7f.

Let me know the case details where it was told not compatible .. DB:2.33:Cme 8.1: Corporate Directory Is Not Shown Just In Ip Phones 6921 ja. I have a CME 8.1 with IOS c2900-universalk9-mz.SPA.151-1.T1.bin. Jurisdiction And Enforcement! We have ip phones 7942 and the deposition, 6921. The problem is the following: Corporate directory is and Enforcement not shown in 6921s ip phones. When I press the corporate directory key appears the error message: XML Error [4]: Parse Error, This problem is Injecting Leptin just happening with 6921s while in and Enforcement, 7942s ip phones show properly the corporate directory. The current telephony-service configuration is: em keep-history em logout 8:30 18:0 max-ephones 50 max-dn 80 ip source-address 192.168.10.1 port 2000 IP of Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud Release CME system message Schenker Telephony url services http://192.168.10.254/voiceview/common/login.do CUE url authentication http://192.168.10.254/voiceview/authentication/authenticate.do CUE user-locale ES network-locale ES load 7942 SCCP42.8-5-3S.loads load 6921 SCCP69xx.8-5-3-0.loads load 6941 SCCP69xx.8-5-3-0.loads load 6961 SCCP69xx.8-5-3-0.loads time-zone 5 time-format 24 date-format dd-mm-yy voicemail 5000 max-conferences 8 gain -6 call-forward pattern .T moh music-on-hold.au multicast moh 239.10.10.10 port 4000 dn-webedit time-webedit transfer-system full-consult secondary-dialtone 0 create cnf-files version-stamp Jan 01 2002 00:00:00. Could anybody please help me? I would appreciate your answers.

DB:2.33:Cme 8.1: Corporate Directory Is Not Shown Just In Ip Phones 6921 ja. I sorry but i have not been able to on Court and Enforcement load it to Vapor in 2004 them. DB:2.33:Re: Problems With Installation Of Java 3k. Either your time zone/locale is set to German or you downloaded a German version. DB:2.33:Re: Problems With Installation Of Java 3k. Is there a way to see the conference list on 6921 and 6941 IP phone and on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, remove the Leptin Essay participants from the conference? What firmware use. I have the same problem with the 8961 and 8941 phones and the upgrade the on Court and Enforcement firmware but not works. Thanks for your help. DB:2.33:Extension Mobility - 6941/6921 px. Has anyone had issue with extension mobility on CP 6921/6941 phones.

My issue is that intermittantly, the bourgeoisie extension mobily option does not appear on these phones. On Court And Enforcement! After pressing settings and canvasing the available options, 1 in 5 times extension mobility will appear. When it does appear and Injecting Leptin, i try login, it works but is rather slow. i also have 7942G,7962G and and Enforcement, CIPC in the same office, and the deposition, it works perfectly everytime. our CUCM cluster is 8.0.3 (yes old - we are upgrading very shortly), but i also have the same sympoms in my lab running 8.6.x. my 69XX phones are running SCCP69xx.9-2-0-79.r841rel Has anyone seen this issue aswell? DB:2.33:Extension Mobility - 6941/6921 px.

We had this issue today and and Enforcement, it was a bug: CSCtr00081 - 6941 phone hangs when service url configured for EM. We upgraded to firmware 9.2.6 and that seem to fix it. Please rate all useful posts. opportunity is a haughty goddess who waste no time with those who are unprepared

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15 Quick Tips for a Winning Resume. by Essay and Enforcement Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. World Gnp! As part of the celebration of Quintessential Careers#8217;s 15th anniversary, we#8217;re presenting lists of 15 tips on some of the Essay on Court Jurisdiction most essential topics in college, job search, and career. Yikes! You find yourself in a position to craft a resume or update an existing resume. So much resume advice floats around out modern bourgeoisie, there, making you wonder about the best approach. The tips we offer here capture the most important aspects of an effective resume. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! You can scarcely go wrong if you incorporate these nuggets into your next resume. Here#8217;s our list of the 15 best tips for job-seekers in Toxic Vapor Release in 2004 Essay, crafting a winning resume. Your resume must be sharply focused and on Court target your desired career goal with precision.

Job-seekers tend to forget that employers review resumes extremely quickly #8212; often in just a few seconds. An employer taking such a quick glance should be able to immediately grasp what you want to do and gain a sense of the value you can contribute to the organization. The resume must focus on key strengths that position the candidate to meet a specific need and world gnp target specific jobs/employers. In other words, employers don#8217;t consider resumes that aren#8217;t focused on on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a job#8217;s specific requirements to be competitive. Employers and recruiters expect your resume to be precisely tailored to the position you#8217;re applying for. Modern! The reader should be able to tell at a glance exactly what job you#8217;re targeting and what need you will fill.

The reader should never have to guess or wade through copious text to determine what job you want and what you#8217;d be good at. An unfocused resume is a time-waster for the employer. Essay! Ways you can sharpen your focus include a headline atop your resume stating the type of job you seek, a branding statement that positions you for a specific job or type of job (headlines and branding statements are often used in combination), a Qualifications Summary or Professional Profile section, a section listing your Core Competencies/Proficiencies/Areas of Expertise, strategic organization of your resume to position you for the job you seek, and bullet points describing your experience in a way that is specifically tailored to the position you seek. Vapor Release! To ensure a sharp focus, you will likely need to create multiple versions of your resume, building a boilerplate version that you then customize to each specific positions. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Today#8217;s resume must be keyword-rich. The majority of resumes submitted to employers today are handled by Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS), which Wikipedia defines as software applications #8220;that enable the electronic handling of corporate recruitment needs.#8221; The systems store #8220;candidate data inside a database to bourgeoisie, allow effective searching, filtering, and routing of applications.#8221; Because applicant tracking software and keyword-searchable databases dominate today#8217;s hiring process, successful resumes must feature cutting-edge industry jargon in the form of keywords. To read more about using keywords in resumes, see our article Tapping the Power of Keywords to Essay on Court Jurisdiction, Enhance Your Resume#8217;s Effectiveness. When your resume is seen by the human eye, it needs to catch attention and be simultaneously reader-friendly. The print version of an effective resume must be sleek, distinctive, and clean yet eye-catching. Your resume should feature conservative, easy-to-read fonts, plenty of white space, a layout/design that goes beyond ordinary yet is Injecting the Hormone Essay, not so far out as to Essay, turn employers off, and graphic elements that add interest, such as rule lines, boxes, shaded areas, and tables (for print version only, as these graphic elements will likely not hold up when entered into employers#8217; Applicant Tracking Systems.) Avoid instantly recognizable Microsoft Word resume templates. Employers have seen a million of them, so they don#8217;t stand out.

Resumes, especially for the deposition (raphael), career changers, need to portray skills as applicable and transferable to the position the job-seeker is targeting. You need to Essay, show the employer that the skills you#8217;ve polished will contribute to the bottom line, even if you seek a job different from what you#8217;ve done in the past. World Gnp! For more about transferable skills, read our article, Strategic Portrayal of Transferable Job Skills is Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a Vital Job-Search Technique. World Gnp! Focus on accomplishments #8212; not duties and responsibilities #8212; that set you apart from other job candidates. In each job, what special things did you do to set yourself apart? How did you do the on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement job better than anyone else or than anyone else could have done? What did you do to make it your own? What special things did you do to bourgeoisie, impress your boss so that you might be promoted?

What were the problems or challenges that you or the organization faced? What did you do to overcome the problems? What were the Essay results of your efforts? How did the organization benefit from your performance? How did you leave your employers better off than before you worked for them? For more about how to identify your accomplishments, see our article For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Toxic Release in 2004 Essay Leverage Your Accomplishments and Essay on Court our Accomplishments Worksheet to help you brainstorm your accomplishments. Spotlight your best selling points up front. #8220;The Resume Ingredients Rule,#8221; set forth by Donald Asher, author of numerous resume books (see our QA with him), notes that information on a resume should be listed in order of importance to the reader. Therefore, in listing your jobs, what#8217;s generally most important is your title/position.

So list in this preferred order: Title/position, name of employer, city/state of employer, dates of employment. Also consider whether your education or your experience is sikh history, your best selling point and which should therefore be listed first. Generally, brand-new graduates list education first, while job-seekers with a few years of experience list experience first. Don#8217;t bury relevant skills, such as technical and foreign-language skills, at the bottom of Essay on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement your resume. If computer skills are relevant to your field, list them in Injecting Leptin, a Summary or Profile section atop your resume. That way, they#8217;ll catch the reader#8217;s eye in the first third of the document. Similarly if language and international-business skills are important in on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, the type of job you seek, list them prominently, not at the end of your resume.

Communicate your personal brand in your resume. The branding expressed in your resume captures your career identity, authenticity, passion, essence, and image, as well as the modern promise of the value you bring to Essay on Court, the employer. Toxic Chemical Vapor! For a branded resume, integrate a distinctive appearance, a consistent branding message woven throughout the document supporting the branded message you intend to Essay, convey, as well as a branding statement that defines who you are, your promise of value, and the deposition why you should be sought out. Learn more with our Personal Branding Career Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Make your resume a sales pitch that conveys your distinctiveness, passion, and unique understanding of the business environment. On Court And Enforcement! It must answer the employer#8217;s question: Why you over any other candidate? Clearly, uniqueness is closely related to both branding and focus. If your resume conveys a sharp focus, the reader can instantly visualize you in the position you seek.

If your resume is branded, it immediately communicates your promise of value. World Gnp! The uniqueness factor takes your resume to the next level by Jurisdiction and Enforcement portraying you as not only in of human needs, the position but the best person for the position, even the only logical choice for and Enforcement, the position. When you imbue your resume with your uniqueness, you show the modern employer that you completely comprehend the challenges the organization faces and that you are overwhelmingly qualified to meet those challenges. If you have adequately sold your uniqueness, the Jurisdiction and Enforcement reader reviewing your resume should say, #8220;This person gets it.#8221; Eliminate clutter from your resume. Among the elements can clutter up your resume and impede readability are unnecessary dates (such as dates of involvement in professional or civic organizations); parentheses (no need to set off dates of employment with parentheses; just use commas), articles #8212; those little words, #8220;a,#8221; #8220;an,#8221; and #8220;the,#8221; most of which aren#8217;t needed; and the line #8220;References available upon sikh history, request#8221; (unnecessary because it is Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, a given that you will provide references upon request.) Structure your accomplishments as stories #8212; but tell them in theory of human, reverse order. Essay On Court Jurisdiction And Enforcement! You#8217;ve probably heard of a story structure commonly suggested for job-interview responses: Situation Action Result, sometimes expressed as Challenge Action Result or Problem Action Result. Toxic Cloud Essay! Since a hiring decision-maker reads your resume so quickly, you need to tell the story backwards. Grab the reader#8217;s attention by giving away the Jurisdiction and Enforcement ending first. So, instead of Situation Action Result, resume bullet points should be told as Result Action Situation. Quantify wherever possible.

Employers love to see numbers #8212; metrics that provide tangible evidence of results you#8217;ve achieved. Use metrics such as percentage by which you#8217;ve increased sales or cut costs. Take steps to ensure your resume is free of misspellings, grammar flaws, and typos. Sikh Religion! Proofread it. Set it aside overnight, and then proof it again. Then have a friend, family member, or colleague who is well-versed in proper language use proof it for you. Errors can kill your chances with many employers, so keep your resume error free. On Court And Enforcement! Keep your resume fresh and Toxic Cloud Release in 2004 updated.

Your resume should not be a static, stagnant document; change it as needed. If it#8217;s not working for you, have it critiqued by a professional to Jurisdiction, see what you can improve. Update it the minute you start a new job. Track your accomplishments so you can add those to the document. Final Thoughts on Creating a Successful Job-Search Resume. The Deposition! Resume-writing isn#8217;t easy, but it#8217;s not as overwhelming as it may seem.

Get a feel for an effective resume by looking at on Court Jurisdiction, samples, and consult the copious resume resources here on Quint Careers. (raphael)! If you still feel like you can#8217;t do it, there#8217;s no shame in consulting a professional resume writer. Questions about some of the on Court and Enforcement terminology used in world gnp, this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. On Court Jurisdiction! Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of the Hormone Essay Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and on Court blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about Chemical Vapor Cloud Release in 2004 storytelling in Jurisdiction, the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who earned her PhD in bourgeoisie, organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and Essay Jurisdiction with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot#8217;s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Maslow Of Human Needs! Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Enhance your career! Take advantage of all of our expert free career development advice, tools, and more in our Career Resources Toolkit for Job-Seekers. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and on Court Jurisdiction savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and Leptin develop better interview skills.

Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of modern Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com.

He is on Court Jurisdiction and Enforcement, publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is bourgeoisie, also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Essay Jurisdiction And Enforcement! Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for Toxic Chemical Vapor Cloud in 2004, more than 15 years. Essay! Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at maslow needs, randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for and Enforcement, jobseekers, and blogs about world gnp storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Essay on Court Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and Toxic Vapor with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha).

Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in Jurisdiction and Enforcement, your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the world gnp process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Essay And Enforcement! Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Injecting Leptin Essay Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Essay Jurisdiction! Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of maslow needs Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to Essay Jurisdiction and Enforcement, go straight to the deposition, the career and