Date: 11.24.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 6159
Nlm.essayninja.life #Balance of power example

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Balance of power example














Buy Narrative Essay Online | Made in the USA - balance of power example - Carthage College

Nov/Wed/2017 | Uncategorized


Write My Paper For Me Service - pay someone to write my paper - Balance of power (international relations) - IPFS - St. Lawrence University

Nov 29, 2017 Balance of power example,

Write My Paper - Online Custom Paper Writing Service - Balance of Power - YouTube - Yeshiva University, New York, NY

book questions Spanning the balance of power example 20th century, this is the story of a widow and her daughter and ways the nuns who serve their Irish-American community in Brooklyn. Alix Rickloff#039;s New Novel is Gripping Historical Fiction Set During World War II. Of Power? THE WAY TO LONDON is the wuthering chapter 4 unforgettable story of a young woman who must leave Singapore and of power forge a new life in vs plastic, England. Enter to Win 12 Copies of balance of power, THE MOUNTAIN BETWEEN US by Charles Martin, Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture, for Your Group. The deadline for entries is Tuesday, October 10th at noon ET. Of Life? Elise Hooper#039;s Debut Conjures the Untold Story of Louisa May Alcott#039;s Youngest Sister. Louisa#39;s portrayal of Amy March in of power example, LITTLE WOMEN compels May to big self portrait embark on balance a quest to discover her true identity, as an apartheid africa artist and a woman.

Zadie Smith#039;s Novel is an Exuberant Dance. Balance Example? Two brown girls dream of being dancers, but only predatory business practice one has talent. Balance? The other has ideas. The Most Dangerous Game? It#39;s a close but complicated childhood friendship that ends abruptly in their early 20s, never to be revisited, but never quite forgotten. What Books Did Groups That Entered August#039;s What#039;s Your Book Group Reading This Month? Contest Read Most Frequently? See the top five titles above, and click for more of example, their selections. If you don't like a book that you're reading for your book group, what do you typically do? Monthly Contest: What#039;s Your Book Group Reading This Month? This month#39;s prize book is THE MOUNTAIN BETWEEN US, an chapter atmospheric, suspenseful and gripping story of two people finding love while fighting to survive.

First published in balance of power, 2010, this bestselling novel by Charles Martin has been made into predatory business practice, a major motion picture starring Kate Winslet and balance example Idris Elba, and is set to end of release on October 6th. The deadline for your entries is balance, Tuesday, October 10th at Essay Sentimental noon ET. Balance? Curious about what books will be released in Sentimental Monarchy, the months ahead so you can pre-order or reserve them? Then click on the months below. Balance Of Power Example? Each month we spotlight a selection of Young Adult (YA) titles that we believe are great reads for adult readers. Herdman: The Study Double? Explore our picks here! May Alcott grows up longing to experience the wide world beyond Concord, Massachusetts. While her sister Louisa crafts stories, May herself is a talented and dedicated artist, taking lessons in Boston, turning down a marriage proposal from a well-off suitor, and facing scorn for entering what is balance, very much a man’s profession. End Of Africa? Life for the Alcott family has never been easy, so when Louisa’s LITTLE WOMEN is published, its success eases the financial burdens they’d faced for so many years. Everyone agrees the novel is charming, but May is of power, struck to the core by chapter 4, the portrayal of selfish, spoiled “Amy March.” Is this what her beloved sister really thinks of her? So May embarks on a quest to discover her own true identity, as an of power artist and a woman.

Two brown girls dream of of the, being dancers, but only balance of power one, Tracey, has talent. The other has ideas: about rhythm and predatory time, about balance of power example black bodies and apartheid in south black music, what constitutes a tribe, or makes a person truly free. Of Power? It#39;s a close but complicated childhood friendship that ends abruptly in Sentimental, their early 20s. Balance Of Power? Tracey makes it to the chorus line but struggles with adult life, while her friend travels the end of apartheid world as an of power assistant to big self portrait a famous singer, Aimee, observing close up how the balance of power one percent live. Heights 4? But when Aimee develops grand philanthropic ambitions, the balance example story moves from business London to balance West Africa, where the big self origins of balance of power example, a profound inequality are not a matter of distant history, but a present dance to the music of time. The “absolutely compelling. Chapter? perspective on the ongoing conflict in balance of power, Syria” ( Library Journal ) written by a young architect in Essay, war-torn Homs who shares her personal experience, how the example built environment helped set the stage for business practice civil war, and how architecture might play a role in reversing the damage. Example? From the bestselling author of of the Double Essay example, HOTEL ON THE CORNER OF BITTER AND SWEET comes a powerful novel, inspired by a true story, about of power a boy whose life is transformed at of life Seattle’s epic 1909 World’s Fair. THE NINTH HOUR is balance example, a magnificent new novel from one of close portrait, America’s finest writers --- a powerfully affecting story spanning the balance example 20th century of a widow and wuthering heights chapter 4 her daughter and the nuns who serve their Irish-American community in Brooklyn. Elise Hooper’s debut novel conjures the fascinating, untold story of May Alcott --- Louisa’s youngest sister and balance example an artist in her own right. Drawing on heights 4 Morrison and Faulkner, THE ODYSSEY and the Old Testament, Jesmyn Ward gives us an epochal story, a journey through Mississippi’s past and balance of power example present that is both an intimate portrait of a family and end of apartheid in south an epic tale of hope and struggle. Example? A New York Times bestseller, finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction, and longlisted for wuthering heights chapter 4 the Man Booker Prize, SWING TIME is an ambitious, exuberant novel moving from of power North West London to West Africa, from the multi-award-winning author of WHITE TEETH and ON BEAUTY.

This long-awaited sequel to ONE THOUSAND WHITE WOMEN explores what happens to Essay Sentimental the bonds between wives and husbands, children and balance of power example mothers, when society sees them as unspeakable. Portrait? What does it mean to example be white, to The Study of the Double Essay be Cheyenne, and how far will these women go to avenge the ones they love? From the author of example, SECRETS OF NANREATH HALL comes this gripping, beautifully written historical fiction novel set during World War II --- the unforgettable story of ways of life, a young woman who must leave Singapore and balance example forge a new life in England. Essay Monarchy? Copyright 2017 The Book Report, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Top Research Paper Writing Service - Write my Paper Cheap - Balance of Power in World Politics - Oxford Research - Carthage College

Balance of power example

Write my essay or paper for me - Balance of power facts, information, pictures | - College of William and Mary

Nov 29, 2017 Balance of power example,

Write My Paper - Best Professional College Essay Writing Service - Balance of Power in International Relations - Legal - University of Texas - San Antonio

Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to example land the job with Big Interviews powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Guest contributor and professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento will help you make your resume stand out with a summary statement. In resume writing, you know you need more than just a list of of the Essay example, jobs and education, but how to begin? Or rather, how should your resume begin? First, nix the objective statement. Balance Example? It is almost impossible to Herdman: The Study write an objective statement without either telling the hiring manager something they already know or focusing on what you want to get from a job. Balance Of Power? Both are things you should absolutely avoid in heights 4 a resume. Instead, use a summary statement or what I like to call your written elevator speech.

Why You Should Use a Resume Summary Statement. Professionals who work with career coaches and those who have done some solid web research have come to balance of power understand that they need to bottles master their Elevator Speech. This speech is of power, a short summary of an bottles employees value proposition and should be thought of as a sales pitch that is ready to go anytime you run into a potential hiring manager or networking contact. A carefully prepared Elevator Speech is customized to the person giving the speech and balance of power contains information that makes the professional stand out while still focusing on business practice, things the employer wants to example know (excels in cutting costs, not excellent deep sea diver). The same holds true for your Written Elevator Speech or resume summary statement. This speech is portrait, given at the top of your resume in the prime resume real estate where a recruiter or hiring manager always looks first. The summary statement serves as an introduction to the reader that seeks to answer the question Tell me about yourself in just a few lines of text. The resume summary statement will help your resume stand out of power by: a. Catching the The Study of the Double example, readers attention immediately. b. Ensuring a clear understanding of your top selling points at of power example, a glance (important when hiring managers are skimming through dozens of resumes at big self, a time and attention spans are short) c. Putting emphasis on your career highlights and key strengths in an easy-to-scan format.

d. Briefly communicating your professional objective if relevant (if the objective is balance of power, not obvious) Every resume can benefit from a summary statement. For some candidates, it can be critical. 1. Career Changers A summary statement can help a hiring manager quickly see your transferable skills. Without a summary statement, a recruiter might look at John The Study Essay example, your most recent experience, assume youre not a fit because your experience isnt traditional, and balance of power example toss your resume. 2. Chuck Close Portrait? Recent College Grads A summary statement can help you customize your resume for different opportunities. This is especially helpful if your background is somewhat general. You can use the of power, summary to highlight skills and experience most relevant for Essay Monarchy, each position. 3. Balance? Experienced Professionals with Diverse Backgrounds For experienced professionals, a summary statement can become the executive summary of your resume, tailored for each position. This allows you to pull the most relevant and impressive skills and career accomplishments and feature them at the top of your resume.

Elements of heights, a Strong Resume Summary Statement. The Basics Your summary statement should consist of a title and a few lines of text. The text can be in paragraph form and/or use bullets. The summary statement should appear directly below your contact information at the top of the balance, resume. and should reflect a general (or specific) idea of your career goals. Your Title When working with my clients on their resumes, I typically recommend starting with a title that communicates their professional identity. Think of it as a headline that will catch the readers eye and chuck close big self help them see your fit for of power, the position at predatory business, hand. Examples include Social Media Brand Strategist, Senior Marketing Executive, Multifaceted Art Director, and Global Operations Professional. See Resume Summary Statement examples below for additional titles that may spark ideas for balance of power, you. The Format The main body of your summary statement should be approximately 3-4 lines of text and should NOT be written with first-person pronouns. If you are tempted to bottles vs plastic make your summary statement longer to squeeze in more details, resist the temptation.

Industry research tells us that most hiring managers spend only seconds reviewing a resume before they make up their minds to call a candidate or not. We also know that when they see large chunks of text, their eyes will skip over it. Therefore, it is vital to of power limit the length of Sentimental, a summary statement to ensure it gets read. Resume Summary Statement Examples. Below are several examples of written elevator speeches or summary/branding statements with titles. A versatile and of power example creative writer fuses a background in journalism and academics with expertise in business writing to deliver quality, customized material spanning news, marketing, web content, curriculum, and predatory business practice career development. Provides sales support and highly-rated client service and excels in meeting deadlines in quick-turnaround settings. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL. Blends academic training in economics and business administration with hands-on experience in sales and operations support to offer employers a track record of delivering on tasks accurately, efficiently, and balance of power example quickly.

Known for providing best-in-class customer service and communications in a variety of business settings. A proven leader of US and international sales organizations offers expertise in developing successful growth strategies and training both individual representative and team leaders in product benefits and heights 4 customer service techniques. Example? Also known for creating dynamic marketing/brand strategies that engage consumers and take away business from the competition. Chuck Portrait? Effectively manages PL on example, multimillion-dollar, multi-product lines of business. How to Write Your Resume Summary Statement.

Since you have limited space, its important to carefully plan what goes into your summary statement. Your statement must be concise AND represent the strongest elements of Essay, you as a professional. Here are three steps to writing a strong summary statement for your resume: Step 1: First, think of balance example, three or four things that define you as a professional. This can be a strong sales record, excellent customer service, expertise in drawing engineering plans, or an ability to manage large-scale technical projects.

These professional traits will vary according to profession and predatory business practice skill level. Balance Of Power? Managers and executives should focus on business practice, business skills as well as technical expertise even if they fall into a technical industry. Entry-level and recent graduates can include academic training and experience to of power support professional abilities. Step 2: Next, think of the things you enjoy the most in your work. When you write your summary statement, you arent just telling the employer what you are good at, you are also telling them what you want to do day in and day out. Ergo, no matter how well you do something dont talk about it if you dont want to do it. Close Big Self Portrait? My wisest clients have pointed it out to example me when I have focused too much on something they dont particularly enjoy and we rework their summaries accordingly. Step 3: Align your summary statement with the predatory practice, companys job requirements. Once you identify the skills you want to focus on, do a little research and see if they line up with job requirements listed for the positions you are seeking.

If you are a project manager, you probably want to balance of power example establish early that you are skilled at managing resources and heights chapter ensuring assignments get completed on-time/on-budget. This might not be the thing you want to focus on the most, but it is essential to work in. More Tips on Resume Summary Statements. 1. Customize for Your Experience Level. Each of the above example statements effectively sets up the skill sets, achievements, and even certifications/degrees that the applicants highlight throughout their resumes. Of Power? When writing your statement, it is important to consider where you are in your professional progression. While a job description might want an end of apartheid MBA, PMP, or other certifications, whether or not you mention such things in balance example your opening statement will depend greatly on how much experience you have to back your application. When the job seeker is young and needs to rely on academic experience to strengthen their qualifications, it is best to call that out from the start.

Consider the example below: Blends lab management experience with academic training at the University of Florida to offer solid skills in clinical experiments and research activities. John The Study Double Example? Incorporates a background in office administration to provide employers with proven organization, communications, and scheduling expertise. In this instance, the balance of power example, job seeker focused on things learned through education and transferable skills that could be applicable from part-time work experience. On the other hand, when the job applicant has strong experience, there is no need to rely on the academic training any longer and it doesnt need to Monarchy be mentioned. 2. Focus on balance of power example, your most important selling points. Some requirements can be covered in the body of the resume and wuthering chapter 4 just arent important enough to of power place in that opening paragraph. In South Africa? One example I see a lot is of power example, proficiency in MS Office. Even if you are a technical professional, software and hardware skills need their own section on John Herdman: Double Essay, the resume and dont belong in the opening statement. The summary statement is for the strengths and accomplishments that truly make you stand out as a candidate.

Consider the following examples of resume summaries for technology professionals: A proven leader of of power, IT startups and established operations offers expertise in defining technical strategies that support overall business objectives. Essay Sentimental? Supports efforts to develop and balance of power example market technical solutions to both internal and external clients. Oversees team development and vendor selection/maintenance for multimillion-dollar operations. COMPUTER/HARDWARE SPECIALIST /TEAM SUPERVISOR. Leverages technical expertise on hardware setup/configuration to wuthering chapter provide exceptional user support and resolve critical operational issues.

Experience includes managing security and after-hour support for classified materials and communications. Known for creating and implementing training that expands team member capabilities and instructs users on system utilization/improvement. Works with government, civilian, and corporate stakeholders. Of course there are other things you might want to balance of power call to the readers attention early, including language proficiencies, award-winning performance, or being named on one or more US patents. While these qualifications can be contained in the body of wuthering chapter 4, a resume (and should still be placed there) , it could be relevant to highlight them early to establish your unique value as an employee. Please note again that none of these opening paragraphs are written with first person pronouns. While you do write the paragraph in present tense, you write it as if you are the understood subject of the resume. Of Power Example? This allows the focus to remain on the employer. Use of I, me, my places the Essay Monarchy, focus on example, the applicant and the goal of the resume is to predatory practice sell the balance, employer on business practice, what you can do for THEM. By telling the balance, reader what you do and glass vs plastic what you are known for, you get the reader thinking about how you can do those things for them.

This message should be reinforced throughout the resume as you use achievements and certifications to reinforce your opening paragraph and highlight examples of when you have done the things that summary statement promotes. Remember, aside from a cover letter, the summary statement is the very first thing the hiring manager reads about you. It is balance of power, your handshake long before you meet the interviewer. It is your first impression long before you get a chance to pick out your best outfit. It requires more than I am seeking a job as. It is your first chance to answer the question Tell me about Yourself and John Herdman: The Study of the Essay example you want to make the most of it.

HUMOR: Also, if youre struggling for ideas, why not let Barney Stinson inspire you with some creative ways to highlight your awesomeness. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As an balance interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 20 Comment to The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Nice one Pamela. One more thing I would like to Sentimental add here is one should never try to add any fake information in their resume which can put them in trouble. @terrylewis thats great. Balance Of Power? Maybe you can share it here once youre done.

@Arman thats correct. Faking info will very likely come back to bite you. So resist the temptation to be too creative. What an exceptional post Pamela. I have seen many articles on resume tips but nothing like this one. Essay Sentimental? Just want to balance example add more tip here that job seekers should never try to add any fake information in their resumes just to impress the glass vs plastic, recruiter. This is the part that is very difficult for me, i work in of power the service area, i work for a very prestigious hotel brand and i dont know how to convert what i do into a summary.

I want to advance in my career, i want to move in int administrative part of the wuthering chapter 4, hotel, not front office. No Im not a front desk agent nor a concierge. I am having so much trouble coming with the perfect resume so i can apply to better jobs.! Heres a way to possibly get unstuck and draft your summary statement: 1) Brainstorm a bit about the most important qualities required for the job(s) that you want. Balance Example? If theres a job description, scan it for keywords. 2) Think about your 3 most valuable transferable skills/strengths/areas of expertise and big self how they relate. 3) Draft a sentence about each of those three selling points. 4) Combine/arrange/edit them into a summary statement using the balance of power example, examples in the post for inspiration.

Depending on your level of John Herdman: of the, experience, your statement may be a few simple sentences or a brief bulleted list. Please feel free to post a draft of your summary statement here and I would be happy to balance example give some feedback. Keep track of the interviews. Close? Maintain a record of the .information about the balance, interview so that you can refer to it in future. Many times you would have more than one interview with an chuck close big self portrait organisation and it would help if you have jotted down somewhere what happened in the previous interviews. As the human memory fades with time it is preferable that you record the information within 24 hours of the interview. While maintaining the summary of interviews include the following information: Name and position of interviewer(s) After the Interview. It is not over until you finally get the job. Balance Of Power? So dont just sit back and relax.

Now is the glass bottles, time to do the follow up procedures to finally get selected and gain the job of your dreams. Of Power Example? Get Selected at Job Interviews. Job profile/description: duties, responsibilities, powers, salary, other benefits etc. Category: positive, negative, average. Date of contact with the organisation. Specific points discussed: stressed on some qualifications, achievements more than others.

Pamela you are geniusJust read your blog.It is simply amazing. Already started working on creating my own personal branding statement. It would be great if you can suggest what should be the caption or heading for personal branding statement. For instance, the categories/headings which appear in a Resume/CV are Core Competencies, Professional Experience, Academics, Personal Information etc. Is it a good idea to write heading Senior Banking Professional followed by branding statement under this heading. Since, I am a banker with 8 years of experience in executing cross- functional assignments in Retail ( Marketing Campaigns for Retail banking ), Corporate Banking (Commercial Credit to SMEs ) and Strategy (Launch of Wealth Management Business) with MBA as background.

Keeping my fingers crossed to discover a nice branding statement for me THANKS A LOT. Outstanding post Pamela! I am a young creative professional and find it very difficult to put my skills and experience into a summary when its such a broad field. After reading your article I now have a better understanding of what companies look for in a resume. Apartheid? Thank you!

Outstanding post Pamela and very helpful but I am some time confused that What type of CV format should I opt for of power, HR post please help as I am working as an HR? What type of frequent question can be asked during an interview? How can we describe a healthy interview? How can I create my own profession brand as an glass bottles HR? It seems like the examples used are trying to show some corporate bean counter that you know a lot of big words. Is this really what sells? I dont want to jump through a bunch of hoops to example dazzle some corporate sell out. What ever happend to keeping it simple? Great article.

Im running into trouble highlighting my transferable skills that I got from being a corporate lawyer because I now want to work on research teams for news shows, or in production. Its difficult trying to connect the two. Can you write an example here. Good article, exposed some weaknesses in my resume, Im make the changes today! Thanks. Helpful article, though I find myself wondering at The Study of the Essay, the images you chose for the sections. Of Power? They are all part of a larger work by Pablo Picasso, titled Guernica, which was his attempt at Herdman: The Study of the Double, a propaganda piece criticizing war. The painting depicts innocent people being firebombed by German and Italian warplanes. Clearly shown are tormented soldiers, a dead child in the arms of a ravaged woman, and citizens and livestock burning alive. Balance? Perhaps this is a strange choice of business, artwork to use for this article.

Awesome. Balance? shares some other resume design skill in AmoLink resume. Hope its useful to all of us. I found it odd also. This is apartheid in south africa, why doing arts papers while studying for your business degree is so important. Balance Example? Something incredibly ironic about someone who is an expert in heights chapter selling yourself plastering her blog post with images from a painting as brutally about suffering as this. Balance Example? I guess whoever pieced this page together thought oh, its art, so it must be sophisticated.

And they say Im irrational for thinking business people arent necessarily very bright. Thank you for the inspiring article! I have been struggling to find a job that fits my professional profile and when I finally find it, I get no attention at all! Now, I migh have identified some of my common mistakes. Anyhow, I have a big problem. I am a BA in bottles International Relations and I have no idea how to name my professional title.

Any ideas? I rarely get sidetracked by advertisements or odd artwork in blog posts, mainly because Im inundated with it. But my concentration was quickly. diverted to example the slightly barbaric images as soon as I could make out an. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at predatory practice, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of example, experience training and advising managers at Herdman: The Study example, organizations from American Express to the City of balance, New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and Essay Sentimental an instructor at the American Management Association.

Continue reading. Copyright 2017 Big Interview Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved. Skillful Communications, LLC | 244 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor | New York, NY 10001 XML SItemap.

Law Essay Help - Custom & Cheap Essay Writing Service in UK - Balance of power facts, information, pictures | - Appalachian State University

Nov 29, 2017 Balance of power example,

Good Place Buy Essay - Balance of Power in World Politics - Oxford Research - Hobart and William Smith Colleges

10 Things Colleges Seek From High School Applicants. College-bound? This article provides an overview of the example, kinds of things admissions offices seek from applicants #8212; and Essay Sentimental Monarchy, is especially useful for high school sophomores and juniors as you begin your college planning, but it can also be useful for seniors as you prepare your college applications. So, what are the balance of power example, 10 things college admissions offices seek from high school students when you apply to college? Admissions officials mention these items as important to their decisions when evaluating applicants. 1. Predatory Practice. Strong Scores on Standardized Tests.

Of those colleges and universities that require the SAT or ACT as part of your application #8212; and a small (but growing) number of schools do not #8212; admissions counselors seek scores that match of exceed the scores of their current students. For better or worse, standardized college entrance exam scores are seen as the most objective measure of your college potential. In the process of conducting your research on colleges, you should easily be able to find a profile of the most recently admitted class. Balance Of Power. (Note: colleges that do not require a standardized test for admission consideration do usually require supplemental materials, such as a graded paper from Sentimental, a core academic course and a portfolio that showcases your strengths, interests, and achievements.) 2. Balance Of Power Example. High Grade Point Average. It goes without question that grades are an extremely important element of bottles vs plastic your college application. Colleges will ask you to submit official transcripts from your high school and possibly recalculate your grade point average based on some internal system they use for weighting different types of courses. Your goal, from the first year of high school forward, is to achieve the best grades you can. If you had a rough freshman year, but have since rebounded with much stronger grades, fear not, because colleges certainly look for trends in academic achievement #8212; and a record of example constant improvement when your GPA is not as strong as you would like is predatory business a good sign to most admissions counselors about your growth and potential. 3. Challenging College-Prep Courses. Your challenge is not just to get the best grades you can #8212; but to get the best grades you can in the most academically challenging courses as you can. You certainly do not need to enroll in an International Baccalaureate (IB) Program at your high school, but where you have the example, strengths, skills, and predatory business practice, aptitude, you should at least strive for Honors or Advanced Placement (AP) courses. Balance Of Power. Most colleges will place greater weight on these #8220;tougher#8221; courses #8212; and even go so far as to rate a B in an advanced class (IB, Honors, AP) on a higher scale than an A in Herdman: of the Double, a comparable mainstream class.

4. Top Percentage of balance of power Class Standing. Class rank and class standing are moving a little further to glass vs plastic, the back of the pack, partly because class rank means almost nothing in high schools that are at balance of power example, the extremes #8212; horrible or exceptional. In some of the bottles, top high school programs, class rank has been found to actually hurt some of the very best students #8212; because only so many can be in the top 1, 5, or even 10 percent of the class. Grades obviously drive class rank, so you should of of power example course strive for the very best grades #8212; and then just hope that the ranking works in your favor or that the colleges you apply to don#8217;t use rank as a top criteria for admissions. 5. Leadership Positions in a Few Organizations. Glass Bottles Vs Plastic. Most colleges and universities are seeking leaders from within their applicant pool, and you can make your application stand out by having one or two leadership positions over the course of of power your high school career.

Being a leader in one or two organizations means much, much more than simply being a member in 10 clubs and organizations. Not only does leadership show a certain level of maturity and character, but colleges also have an eye to all their student organizations and their need to vs plastic, recruit future leaders. You don#8217;t need to be the balance of power example, president of an organization, but you should be an officer of at least one group by big self the time you#8217;re a senior. 6. Active Involvement in Community Service. There#8217;s no requirement for community service to gain admittance to example, college, but just about all college-bound high school students have jumped on the bandwagon, volunteering throughout the local community. It seems to be one of these unwritten rules that applicants who volunteer many, many hours in the service of end of apartheid africa supporting others will become a key campus activist. Regardless of the balance example, importance for admission to college, most experts agree on the value and self-fulfillment people get in helping others. 7. Insightful and Herdman: The Study of the example, Well-Written Essay(s). Of all the 10 items on this list, the essay either gets the most attention or the least respect #8212; depending on who you ask.

Like some of the other 10 elements on this list, not all colleges require an essay as part of the admissions application. Balance Of Power. The essay #8212; or essays #8212; are a tool used by some universities to learn more about you and chuck close, why you want to attend their school. Definitely take the time to carefully consider the questions and write, edit, rewrite, and proofread your essays #8212; with an eye to what the essays reveal about you and of power, your personality. Some admissions counselors admit that an amazing essay can push a marginal applicant into the accepted student group. Wuthering 4. Learn more about college essay writing in balance example, our article, Writing the Successful College Application Essay.

8. Close Big Self. Quality Recommendations from Teachers and Guidance Counselor. Of Power Example. The recommendation letters that you ask your teachers and your guidance counselor to write can play a key role in your college application. Ideally, you have a few favorite teachers #8212; teachers who not only know the quality of your work and Essay, academic acumen, but also can talk about some of your personal qualities. Balance Example. It#8217;s best to predatory practice, ask your teachers for letters as early as you can so that they have the time to write a quality letter; obviously the most popular teachers will need even more time if they have requests from many of their students. 9. Relevant Recommendations from Professionals and Others. One other nice touch #8212; especially for a college you really want to attend #8212; is to ask a professional such as a former (or current) boss to write a letter of recommendation for you. Even better if that person has some sort of tie to the college as a donor or alumnus. Balance Of Power Example. Other possibilities include your supervisor from one or more of your volunteering/community service projects or a coach from one of the teams you have played for. If you have run your own business, you might ask a favorite customer to write a letter. Finally, you can also ask a family friend or religious leader to write a letter #8212; but personal references are not as strong as academic or professional ones. 10.

Work and Entrepreneurial Experiences. While you certainly do not need to have ever held a part-time or summer job or started your own business, if you have some unique experiences, writing about your experiences can be a great essay topic as well as showcasing your professionalism and time-management skills. College admissions folks love self-starters #8212; applicants with a strong entrepreneurial spirit #8212; so proudly tell the story of your babysitting, lawn mowing, car detailing, tutoring, painting, or pet-sitting business (or whatever YOUR business is). Final Thoughts on end of apartheid in south, College Admission Success. Example. While this article is a quick overview of the types of things college admissions offices are looking for from college-bound high school seniors, you can find much more information and depth in our free College Planning Tutorial. Finally, some additional resources that can help you in the college application process: Questions about some of the glass bottles, terminology used in of power example, this article?

Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of Essay Sentimental Monarchy Job-Hunting Terms. Of Power. Have you taken advantage of all of our college planning resources? Maximize your career and close big self portrait, job-search knowledge and skills! Take advantage of balance of power example The Quintessential Careers Content Index, which enables site visitors to locate articles, tutorials, quizzes, and worksheets in 35 career, college, job-search topic areas. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and Sentimental Monarchy, our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr.

Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on of power, the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. Business. He is of power also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of predatory Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in of power example, books, and hundreds of chuck close articles.

Hes often quoted in balance of power example, the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. End Of. Visit his personal Website or reach him by balance of power email at randall@quintcareers.com. Check out chuck portrait Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is of power example your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for end of in south africa a long time, but you do not have to example, go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog.

Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Essay Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to of power, the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and chapter, more companies are developing career and balance of power, employment centers on Sentimental Monarchy, their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. Of Power Example. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the bottles, [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.

Buy English Papers Online from Experts - Balance of power (international relations) - - Mount Holyoke College

Nov 29, 2017 Balance of power example,

Buy Good Essay - Types of Balance of Power - SlideShare - Ohio State University, Columbus Ohio

college essay taboos Literary Terms and Definitions: P. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted September 1, 2017. This list is meant to balance, assist, not intimidate. Use it as a touchstone for big self important concepts and vocabulary that we will cover during the term. Vocabulary terms are listed alphabetically. P TEXT, THE (Also called the P Document ): In biblical scholarship, the common editorial abbreviation for the Priestly Text (see below, or click here for balance of power more detailed discussion.).

PAEAN : Among the earliest Greeks, the word paean signifies a dance and hymn with a specific rhythm which is endued with an absolving and healing power (Burkett 44). In later usage, any song of praise to a deity is called a paean. PALATAL : In linguistics, any sound involving the hard palate--especially the tongue touching or moving toward the close big self hard palate. PALATAL DIPTHONGIZATION : A sound change in which either the of power ash or the /e/ sound in Old English words became a diphthong when preceded by palatal consonants. For instance, Modern English cheese comes from Old English ciese , which is chuck, a cognate of Latin caseus . Scholars can tell the word in Old English must have been adopted after the time of example palatal diphthongization--otherwise it would have a simple /e/ sound rather than the chuck close big self portrait diphthong /ie/ . Thus, palatal dipthongization is useful for philologists who wish to date a borrowed word in Old English. PALATALIZATION : In linguistics, the process of making a sound more palatal --i.e., moving the blade of the tongue closer to the hard palate.

PALIMBACCHIU S: Also called an example, anti-bacchius , this is a three-syllable foot in which the first two syllables are stressed and the third syllable unstressed. It is very rare in bottles, English prosody, though Gerard Manley Hopkins and balance example Ezra Pound make occasional use of it. PALIMPSEST (Grk, rubbed away): A surface such as a piece of parchment or vellum in which one text had been written, but then later became partially or completely erased when a subsequent scribe or bookmarker recycled the page and used a knife or edged tool to end of apartheid africa, scrape away the original surface. This process would remove or fade the balance of power example original writing sufficiently for of the Double example the later scribe to of power, write over the older material. It was a very common practice in medieval times since paper was so expensive. Apartheid In South Africa. Often, modern codicologists can rediscover the original writing by using UV light filters or chemicals to make the erased text visible again. PALINDROME : A word, sentence, or verse that reads the balance of power same way backward or foreward. Certain words in bottles vs plastic, English naturally function as palindromes: for balance instance, civic , rotor , race car, radar , level and so on.

However, when individuals seek to Monarchy, combine several words at balance of power example once, the result becomes a sort of end of in south africa perverse art. Here are some longer English examples culled from J. A. Cuddon's Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory : Madam, I'm Adam. Sir, I'm Iris. Example. Able was I ere I saw Elba. Close Portrait. (attributed apocryphally to Napoleon, who was exiled on Elba, though in historical fact he apparently spoke no English!) A man, a plan, a canal: Panama! Sex at noon taxes. Example. Lewd did I live evil I did dwel. (anonymous 18th-century gravestone) Straw? No, too stupid a fad; I put soot on warts! Deliver desserts, demanded Nemesis--emended, named, stressed, reviled. T. Eliot, top bard, notes putrid tang emanating, is sad. I'd assign it a name: Gnat dirt upset on drab pot toilet. (W. H. Auden) Stop Syrian!

I start at rats in airy spots! The tradition goes back a long ways. Cuddon notes several, including a Greek palindrome inscribed on a vial of holy water in chuck, Saint Sophia's church in Constantinople that translates as Wash not only my face, but also my sins . A Latin example is the palindrome, In girum imus nocte et consumimur igni which means We [moths] fly in circles by night and we will be consumed in fire. Probably the most excessive use of palindromes is the 1802 collection by Ambrose Pamperis, in which Pamperis writes 416 palindromic verses celebrating Catherine the Great's military campaigns (See Cuddon 673-74). PALINODE (Greek: singing again): A poem, song, or section of a poem or song in of power, which the poet renounces or retracts his words in an earlier work. Usually this is meant to apologize or counterbalance earlier material.

The first recorded use of the palinode is a lyric written by the Greek author Stesichorus (7th century BCE), in which he retracts his earlier statement claiming that the Sentimental Trojan War was entirely Helen's fault. Ovid wrote his Remedia Amoris as a palinode for his scandalous Ars Amatoria --a work that may have caused Caesar Augustus to banish him to the Black Sea. Balance Example. As a theme, the palinode is especially common in business practice, religious poetry and love poetry. The use of the palinode became conventional in patristic and medieval writings--as evidenced in Augustine, Bede, Giraldus Cambrensis, Jean de Meun, Sir Lewis Clifford, and others. More recent examples of example palinodes include Sir Philip Sidney's Leave me, O love which reachest but to wuthering heights, dust. Here, his palinode renounces the poetry of sexual love for that of divine grace. Balance. Likewise, Chaucer's Legend of Good Women includes a palinode in business practice, which the balance author takes back what he said about unfaithful women like Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde . At the end of apartheid in south end of the Canterbury Tales , Chaucer goes so far as to write a retraction for all his secular literature.

See also retraction . PANDECT (Grk. pan everything + dektes reciever): A book that purports to contain all possible information on balance of power, a subject. The term was first used as a title for Emperor Justinian's 50-volume encyclopedia of Essay Sentimental Roman law. Cf. summa . PANEGYRIC : A speech or poem designed to praise another person or group. In ancient Greek and Roman rhetoric, it was one branch of public speaking, with established rules and conventions found in the works of Menander and Hermogenes. Famous examples include Pliny's eulogy on Emperor Trajan and Isocrates' oration on the Olympic games of balance 380. PANGLOSSIAN (Grk. pan everything + Lat. Essay Sentimental. glossare to explain or comment upon): The word is an eponym based on of power, the fictional Dr. Pangloss from Voltaire's satire, Candide . Sentimental Monarchy. Dr.

Pangloss is a naively optimistic pedant who upholds the doctrine that all is for the best, and that we live in the best of all possible worlds, claiming that a benevolent deity creates all things for of power example positive purposes, and if we could only decipher cause/effect accurately, we would see this. His arguments are a parody of Alexander Pope's claim that Whatever is, is RIGHT. Voltaire uses Pangloss as a straw-man in Candide , and Voltaire tries to show through the more inane Panglossian arguments that, in fact, the world is a highly flawed place and it does not live up to 4, its ideal possibilities. PANTHEON (Greek, all the gods): (1) A pantheon is a collective term for of power example all the gods believed to exist in a particular religious belief or mythos . Thus, we can talk of the Hittite pantheon, the Greek pantheon, etc. (2) The Pantheon is a great temple in Rome dedicated to all the Olympian gods, not to be confused with the Parthenon , the great temple dedicateSd to the virgin goddess Athena, which is situated on top of the John Herdman: of the Acropolis in Athens. PANTUN : A verse form from balance Malaysia. Africa. The pantun is a poem of no specific length, composed of quatrains using internal assonance. The rhymes are interlinked much like terza rima in balance, the sense that the second and fourth lines of each stanza become the first and third lines of the following stanza. In the last quatrain, the first line of the poem appears again as the last, and the third line as the second, forming a circle for closure. (Alternatively, the poet may end the work with a simple couplet). Ernest Fouinet introduced the genre to French literature in the 1800s. Victor Hugo, Baudelaire, and Leconte de Lisle later also experimented with it in French verse. Although rare in English poetry, Austin Dobson used it in his work, In Town . PARABASIS (Greek, stepping forward or going aside): A moment at the end of a Greek tragedy in which the chorus would remove their masks and step forward to address the audience directly in speech rather than song.

The parabasis usually contained the final thoughts or opinions of the playwright on some matter of government, theology, or philosophy. The concluding words of the chorus in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex serve as one example. PARABLE (Greek: throwing beside or placing beside): A story or short narrative designed to reveal allegorically some religious principle, moral lesson, psychological reality, or general truth. Business. Rather than using abstract discussion, a parable always teaches by comparison with real or literal occurrences--especially homey everyday occurrences a wide number of people can relate to. Well-known examples of parables include those found in the synoptic Gospels, such as The Prodigal Son and The Good Samaritan. In some Gospel versions, Christ announces his parables with a conventional phrase, The Kingdom of God is like . . . . Technically speaking, biblical parables were originally examples of a Hebrew genre called meshalim (singular mashal ), a word lacking a close counter-part in Greek, Latin or English. Meshalim in Hebrew refer to mysterious speech, i.e., spiritual riddles or enigmas the balance speaker couches in story-form. Thus, in Matthew 13:11 and predatory business practice Mark 4:11-12, Christ states that he speaks in parables so that outsiders will not be able to understand his teachings. It is only late in the Greek New Testament that these meshalim are conflated with parables or allegorical readings designed for ease of understanding.

Non-religious works can be parables as well. For example, Melville's Billy Budd demonstrates that absolute good--such as the impressionable, naive young sailor--may not co-exist with absolute evil--the villain Claggart. Cf. fable , allegory , and symbolism , or click here for balance of power a PDF handout discussing the differences between these terms. PARADIGMATIC CHANGE (also called associative change ): In linguistics, these are language changes brought about because a sound or a word was associated with a different sound or word. Algeo provides the following example: PARAGRAPH (Greek, side writing): (1) Originally, a short stroke below the start of a line running horizontally to separate that material from earlier commentary. It was common in Greek manuscripts to big self, show a break in the sense or a change of subject (Cuddon 679). (2) In modern English composition, it is balance example, a passage, section or subdivision of apartheid africa a longer essay, usually indicated by balance of power indenting the first line of the section. Conventionally, a paragraph deals with one particular idea or aspect of a larger subject-matter. For the sake of reader comprehension, the writer typically includes some sort of topic sentence to tie the paragraph together, and the writer might also include a transitional sentence before or after the paragraph to smooth the flow of apartheid ideas.

PARALANGUAGE : The non-verbal features that accompany speech and help convey meaning. For example, facial expression, gesticulation, body stance, and balance of power example tone can help convey additional meaning to the spoken word; these are all examples of communication through paralanguage. PARALLELISM : When the writer establishes similar patterns of grammatical structure and length. For instance, King Alfred tried to wuthering chapter 4, make the law clear, precise, and balance equitable. Essay Sentimental Monarchy. The previous sentence has parallel structure in use of adjectives. However, the following sentence does not use parallelism: King Alfred tried to make clear laws that had precision and of power example were equitable. If the writer uses two parallel structures, the result is isocolon parallelism : The bigger they are, the harder they fall. If there are three structures, it is tricolon parallelism : That government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth. In South Africa. Or, as one student wrote, Her purpose was to impress the ignorant, to perplex the balance dubious, and to startle the complacent. In South Africa. Shakespeare used this device to good effect in Richard II when King Richard laments his unfortunate position: PARATAXIS : Rhetorically juxtaposing two or more clauses or prepositions together in strings or with few or no connecting conjunctions or without indicating their relationship to each other in balance of power example, terms of co-ordination or subordination; i.e. a loose association of clauses as opposed to hypotaxis . Chapter 4. A common form of parataxis is asyndeton , in which expected conjunctions fail to appear for artistic reasons.

For example, Shipley points out how the Roman playwright Terence writes tacent; satis laudant (they are silent; that is praise enough). The normal structure with a conjunction would be tacent, et satis laudant (they are silent; and that is of power, praise enough.) See Shipley 422-23 for this discussion and a comparison among Greek and Latin and English writers. Predatory. Modern paratactic style is typically short and simple--like Hemingway's writing. PARATEXT (also French peritext ): In Gérard Genette's work, Paratext: Thresholds of of power example Interpretation , Genette introduces the idea of predatory business paratext, i.e., anything external to balance example, the text itself that influences the way we read a text. These paratexts can be almost infinite in number, but they might include a list of other works the heights chapter author has published on the front cover of of power example a book, the gender of the author as indicated by his or her name, reviews written about the book, and editorial commentary about the work. For example, suppose the text we are reading is a fictional story about a European woman who falls in love with a Persian graduate student. Herdman: Of The Double. That Persian student is of power example, later viciously murdered by the European woman's xenophobic father. If we see the author's name is The Study of the Essay, Susan Jones we might interpret the text differently than if we saw the author's name was Achmed bin Jaffah, for instance. If the of power example same author wrote a number of John of the Essay murder mysteries, we might be especially prone to read this new text as influenced by that early genre work, or even expect the current text to be (rightly or wrongly) yet another murder mystery.

If we read a review calling attention to the theme of lust in a work, we might experience the book differently than if we had read a different review focusing on balance, the theme of intolerance. All of these external cues, however, are not actually in bottles, the narrative itself we are reading. Thus, they are paratextual. A New Critic from the 1930s would probably argue that all paratexts are irrelevant to determining the meaning of balance example literary art, and the paratextual should be ignored accordingly. Genette might counter that such paratexts inescapably influence our interpretation, so it would be appropriate to identify and discuss them rather than try to big self, sweep them away.

PARCHMENT : Goatskin or sheepskin used as a writing surface--the medieval equivalent of paper. A technical distinction is usually made between parchment and vellum , which is made from the hide of young calves. As Michelle P. Brown notes in Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts , the process for creating vellum or parchment is quite complicated: To produce parchment or vellum, the animal skins were defleshed in a bath of lime, stretched on a frame, and scraped with a lunular knife while damp. they could then be treated with pumice, whitened with a substance such as chalk, and balance of power cut to size. Differences in preparation technique seem to have occasioned greater diversity in appearance than did the type of skin pused.

Parchment supplanted papyrus as the Herdman: The Study of the Essay most popular writing support material in balance, the fourth century, although it was known earlier. Wuthering 4. Parchment was itself largely replaced by paper in the sixteenth century (with the rise of printing) but remained in use for certain high-grade books. (95) PARDONER : An individual licensed by the medieval church to balance of power example, sell papal indulgences (i.e., pardons), official documents excusing the recipient from John Herdman: The Study certain acts of of power penitence and alleviating the sinner's punishment while in purgatory . The Catholic Encyclopedia defines an indulgence as the Essay Monarchy extra-sacramental remission of the temporal punishment due to a sinner. Of Power Example. Protestant students might wish to peruse the Catholic Encyclopedia's discussion of indulgences to Herdman: The Study of the Essay, avoid common misconceptions and distortions. Balance. The practice of selling these pardons as a means of fund-raising for the church or as a means of John Herdman: The Study of the example rewarding those who offered the church some service rose in prominence after the council of example Clermont in 1095. There, Pope Urban II announced sweeping indulgences would be given to John Herdman: of the Double example, any individuals willing to go on Crusade. By the fourteenth century, the practice had developed extensively, and of power pardoners were lay officials authorized by the pope to sell indulgences in exchange for financial donations. Ecclesiastical abuses become commonplace problems. These abuses included unauthorized sales, the sale of forged pardons, extortion, and end of in south deliberate misrepresentation of the balance of power scope of an indulgence (i.e., treating the indulgence as a get-out-of-hell-free card).

Chaucer's Pardoner in The Canterbury Tales represents the worst excesses of pardoners during this period. PARDONS : Another term for predatory business practice papal indulgences. See discussion under pardoner . PARNASSIAN POETS : An aestheticist, mid-19th-century, Russian and French school of of power poets that advocated art for its own sake and emphasized sensual and vivid imagery divorced from emotional content (Harkins 275). The term Parnassian refers to Mount Parnassus in Greece. The toponymic name alludes to the way they often adopted themes from bottles vs plastic classical Greek mythology and philosophy (275). PARODOS : In Greek tragedy, the ceremonial entrance of the balance of power chorus. Usually the chorus at this time chants a lyric relating to apartheid africa, the main theme of the play.

PARODY (Greek: beside, subsidiary, or mock song): A parody imitates the serious manner and characteristic features of a particular literary work in order to make fun of those same features. The humorist achieves parody by exaggerating certain traits common to the work, much as a caricaturist creates a humorous depiction of a person by magnifying and calling attention to the person's most noticeable features. The term parody is often used synonymously with the more general term spoof , which makes fun of the general traits of a genre rather than one particular work or author. Often the subject-matter of a parody is comically inappropriate, such as using the example elaborate, formal diction of an epic to describe something trivial like washing socks or cleaning a dusty attic. Aristotle attributes the in south africa first Greek parody to Hegemon of Thasos in The Poetics , though other writings credit the playwright Hipponax with the first creation of theatrical parody. Of Power Example. Aristophanes makes use of parody in The Frogs (in which he mocks the style of Euripides and Aeschylus). Plato also caricatures the style of various writers in Sentimental Monarchy, the Symposium . In the Middle Ages, the balance first well-known English parody is Chaucer's Sir Thopas, and Chaucer is himself the basis of parodies written by The Study of the Essay example Alexander Pope and W. W. Skeat. Cervantes creates a parody of medieval romance in example, Don Quixote . Apartheid Africa. Rabelais creates parodies of similar material in Gargantua and example Pantagruel. Erasmus parodies medieval scholastic writings in Moriae Encomium . In Shamela (1741), Henry Fielding makes a parody of Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela by turning the virtuous serving girl into a spirited and apartheid sexually ambitious character who merely uses coyness and false chasteness as a tool for snagging a husband. In Joseph Andrews (1742), Henry Fielding again parodies Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela , this time by replacing Richardson's sexually beleaguered heroine, Pamela, with a hearty male hero who must defend his virtue from the sexually voracious Lady Booby. In the Romantic period, Southey, Wordsworth, Browning, and Swinburne were the victims of far too many parodies in far too many works to list here.

See also mock epic , satire , and spoof . PAROLE (French, speech): In Ferdinand de Saussure's theory of semiology, parole is the use of language--i.e., manifestations of example actual speech and writing. Parole contrasts with langue , the invisible underlying system of Essay language that makes parole possible. PARONOMASIA : The technical Greek term for balance of power example what English-speakers commonly refer to as a pun. See extended discussion under pun , below. PART (Latin partum , a piece): An actor's role in a play, the character the actor portrays or pretends to be. Essay Monarchy. The term comes from of power example Renaissance drama.

Since it was too expensive in Shakespeare's day to print playbooks for every single actor involved in a play, penny-pinching acting companies would only give each actor a roll of paper called a part; the part would list the dialogue for John Herdman: of the Essay example one character and all the cues belonging to that character (Greenblatt 1140). Balance Example. The term role , synonymous with part, is similarly derived from predatory practice such rolls of paper ( ibidem ). PARTIYNOST (Russian, Party-Spirit): In Communist Russian, the requirement that literature must identify and be compatible with the methods and goals of the dominent political party, as Lenin advocated (Harkins 275). Any other literature, according to the Communist Russian censors, was merely bourgeois decadence in art (275). PARTITIVE : One of several possible numbering systems in a language's grammar. For a discussion of partitives, see multiplicatives . PARTS OF SPEECH : The traditional eight divisions or categories for words as described by balance of power the Latin grammarian Aelius Donatus around 350 CE, which he is turn borrowed from earlier Greek categories. Essay Sentimental. In English, these are slightly modified: English Parts of Speech: Interjections are usually treated as a separate category from the balance example other parts of speech. Donatus' Latin Parts of Speech : PARTIBLE SUCCESSION : The opposite of primogeniture , partible succession is the practice in which all the children share equally in an inheritance. Under this legal system, if a property-owner or king dies, the deceased's lands, money, or kingdom would be split into equal shares for each surviving child.

While this policy is in some ways more fair than primogeniture, in which eldest child takes all, it does result in the fragmentation of estates or sometimes entire kingdoms. In the late medieval period, primogeniture was the common practice in much of Europe and Britain, but in the early dark ages, partible succession was notoriously common among some Celtic tribes in England and the Merovingian and Frankish tribes of France and Germany. This practice is behind King Lear's sycophantic games in the first act of King Lear , as the play is set in ancient Celtic times, though the subplot about Edgar involves the much later later practice of primogeniture. PASSUS (Latin, step): William Langland uses the term passus to in south africa, refer to each numbered subdivision of of power his poem, The Vision of Piers Plowman . The idea is bottles, each section is a step toward salvation or spiritual truth. Cf. Balance Example. canto and Sentimental Monarchy fit . PASTORAL (Latin pastor , shepherd): An artistic composition dealing with the life of of power example shepherds or with a simple, rural existence. It usually idealized shepherds' lives in order to create an image of peaceful and uncorrupted existence. More generally, pastoral describes the simplicity, charm, and serenity attributed to country life, or any literary convention that places kindly, rural people in nature-centered activities. The Greek Theocritus (316-260 BCE) first used the convention in his Idylls , though pastoral compositions also appear in Roman literature, in Shakespeare's plays, and in the writings of the Romantic poets. Typically, pastoral liturgy depicts beautiful scenery, carefree shepherds, seductive nymphs, and rural songs and dances.

Conventional names for the shepherds and nymphs come from bastardized Latin nicknames such as Mopsy, Flopsy, and Dorcas (from Mopsius , Doricas , etc.). See also pastoral elegy under elegy . PATHETIC FALLACY : A type of often accidental or awkward personification in which a writer ascribes the human feelings of chapter his or her characters to inanimate objects or non-human phenomena surrounding them in example, the natural world. J. A. Cuddon (692) notes the phrase first appears in John Ruskin's Modern Painters , Volume 3, Part IV, an 1856 publication. For Ruskin, the term is end of apartheid in south, derogatory. An example might be Coleridge's Christabel , in which we read of a dancing autumn leaf: The one red leaf, the last of its clan. That dances as often as dance it can.

For Ruskin, only the greatest of poets can get away with it. Aside from the negative connotations, the term is more or less synonymous with personification . PATHOS (Greek, emotion): In its rhetorical sense, pathos is a writer or speaker's attempt to inspire an emotional reaction in an audience--usually a deep feeling of suffering, but sometimes joy, pride, anger, humor, patriotism, or any of a dozen other emotions. Balance Example. You can read more about rhetorical uses for pathos here. In its critical sense, pathos signifies a scene or passage designed to end of apartheid in south, evoke the feeling of pity or sympathetic sorrow in a reader or viewer. PATRISTIC PERIOD (from Latin Pater , father): The time of the church fathers, i.e., the time of the early Church and the Church's first theologians, running through the last days of the apostles through the time of Saint Augustine's conversion and Saint Jerome's compilation of the Bible in the fourth and fifth centuries after Christ. The patristic period appears on the tail-end of the Classical Roman Period, and it marks the beginning of the Medieval Period. Click here to download a PDF handout that puts these periods in chronological order. PATROLOGIA GRAECA : See discussion under Patrologia Latina , below. PATROLOGIA LATINA : A famous (or perhaps in balance of power example, famous) scholarly collection of 228+ fat volumes of biblical and theological commentary that has been both a boon and bane to twentieth-century medieval scholarship. The Patrologia Graeca reproduces a series of Greek writings from the close portrait patristic and medieval Christian writers, while the Patrologia Latina covers the same sort of material in Latin sources. These works are often not available in print in of power, any other texts.

This collection, known familiarly as the PL or the Migne (after one of its French editors), includes vast quantities of theological interpretations, Biblical exegesis, typological and anti-typological discussion, medieval treatises on apartheid in south africa, hagiography , medieval medicine, lapidary lore, and oodles of relevant materials necessary for students seeking to example, understand the heights chapter 4 medieval world and medieval literature. Unfortunately, the material is balance, all in Latin, with facing French translations, which makes it less useful for English-speakers hindered by chuck big self linguistic inabilities. Additionally, a series of editors compiled the volumes of the PL and they did not follow the balance of power example same system of cataloging and organization as their predecessors. End Of. The result is a confusing mishmash that requires four volumes of indices and balance an additional index to the indices. Herdman: Double. Four generations of scholars have blessed the of power example PL as an astonishing and ambitious collection of Essay Monarchy medieval lore, while simultaneously cursing it as a devilish, misorganized amalgam riddled with errors, typos, and blunders in pagination. The PL is being displaced from its throne by the Corpus Christianorum , an of power example, electronic collection superseding the older half-edited material. However, major research libraries at this time are more likely to have an old, dusty set of shelves devoted to the PL than to have an chuck close big self, expensive, computerized copy of the Corpus Christianorum . For a student of medieval literature who can speak Latin, the best starting spot is the of power index to the indices, and from there work one's way backward. If any readers find a library that is about to end of in south africa, throw away or sell its copies of the PL, please contact me at kwheeler@cn.edu.

I would like to have a copy myself, provided I can find a room large enough to store all 228 of of power example these books. PATRONAGE (from Latin pater , father): The act of glass vs plastic giving financial or political support to an artist. A person who provides financial support for an artist is known as a patron regardless of his or her gender. Balance Of Power. Sometimes patrons might seek to glorify their families or their countries. For instance, the Emperor Augustus was a patron for Virgil. Virgil wrote The Aeneid with the deliberate goal of rousing Roman patriotism for the Augustan regime. Wuthering Heights Chapter. Patronage was also a common way for aristocrats or wealthy merchants to flaunt their wealth and simultaneously give something of value to their community. The De Medici family in Florence, for instance, provided patronage to famous Italian sculptors, poets, architects, and painters.

In England, John of Gaunt and Richard II both served as patrons for Chaucer at various points in his career. Balance Example. Many literary works are dedicated to predatory, a patron. For instance, Shakespeare's early printed anthologies of sonnets are dedicated to a mysterious patron, W. H. In Renaissance drama, acting companies were required to have an important noble or royal family member as a patron, for actors not in the service of such illustrious individuals were punishable as vagabonds and of power example tramps. Authorized acting companies were thus referred to as their patrons' Men or Servants. For most of glass bottles Shakespeare's dramatic career, his acting company was first known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men. After Queen Elizabeth died, the name was changed to of power example, the King's Men in 1603, when King James I ascended the throne and took up patronage of the company. PEACE-WEAVER : In Anglo-Saxon culture, a woman who is married to a member of an business, enemy tribe to establish a peace-treaty or end a blood-feud without paying wergild . This was a vital role for of power example women in business, Anglo-Saxon custom--but probably also a stressful and balance dangerous responsibility. Hildeburh and Freawaru in Monarchy, Beowulf and the speaker of The Wife's Lament are probably examples of characters in Old English literature who are peace-weavers. PEASANTS' REVOLT : Also known as Wat Tyler's Rebellion , this uprising occurred in 1387 when lower-class Londoners and workers from the surrounding areas, fed up with repressive government measures such as the Labor Statutes of 1351, marched on London and incinerated the Savoy palace belonging to example, John of glass Gaunt and balance example damaged property belonging to other noblemen, appealing directly to the young king, Richard II, for business practice his intervention. The rebels burned unfavorable contracts and records of debt.

They also lynched a number of competing foreign workers from Flanders along with government officials whom they blamed for their economic woes. Example. According to legend, they chanted, When Adam delved and John Herdman: The Study of the Double example Eve span, who was then the gentleman? (i.e., when Adam and Eve first existed, who was an aristocrat?) The revolt is commonly associated with Lollards, with John Ball's proto-communist doctrines, and of power example with other disruptive religious groups in England. At the time of their march on London, they passed directly beneath Chaucer's residence. References to this rebellion appear directly or obliquely in several Middle English writers' works, including Gower and Langland. PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL : Also called a refereed journal , a juried publication , a scholarly journal , or a critical journal , a peer-reviewed journal is a periodical publication with strict standards for accuracy and clear thinking. Essay. Only peer-reviewed journals are considered suitable sources for academic research by balance example college students. Essay Sentimental Monarchy. Most are published two to four times a year. These publications are held in such high esteem because, when an article is submitted for publication, it is passed on to two or three other experts in the field; they in turn critique the author's thinking and check the article's claims and facts to make sure it is as accurate as possible and example (theoretically) free from distorting political, religious, ideological bias; citation errors; logical fallacies; and misattributions. This contrasts with a book, in Essay Sentimental, which only a copy-editor or two will check for balance of power typos, but nobody challenges the author's ideas, and it contrasts even more starkly with a web page like this one, in which no official structure is consistently available to ensure scholarly accuracy let alone find all the typos. Good college students learn to use peer-reviewed journals; they do not rely on Google and web-browsing for their primary information. Monarchy. Some of the most important peer-reviewed journals for medieval literature students in English include The Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , Medievalia et Humanistica , Medium Aevum , Arthuriana, Medieval Studies , Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , the PMLA , Philological Quarterly , Reading Medieval Studies , Speculum , Chaucer Review , and Studies in the Age of balance of power example Chaucer . Chuck Portrait. The tell-tale signs of a scholarly journal are its typically copious footnotes, the absence of advertisements or glossy photographs, often its plain, unadorned cover, its guidelines in the back or front for scholarly submissions, and its pages, which are typically on expensive acid-free paper to ensure archival survival.

Often libraries do have these journals available in electronic databases (such as JSTOR) that can be searched as easily and as efficiently as webpages, so students have no excuse for not using them. If you need help, contact your teacher or a reference librarian. Bribe this helper with chocolate. PEJORATION : A semantic change in which a word gains increasingly negative connotation. Balance. For instance, the word lewd originally referred to laymen as opposed to priests.

It underwent pejoration to mean ignorant, then base and finally obscene, which is the predatory business practice only surviving meaning in Modern English usage. Balance Of Power. The opposite of pejoration is amelioration , in which a word gains increasingly positive connotation. Herdman: Double. Note that some older sources follow the Latin etymology, and thus spell the word peioration, and pronounce the word pee-yore-a-shun, but increasingly modern dictionaries use a j and pronounce the letter consonantally. PEN NAME : Another term for nom de plum e . The word indicates a fictitious name that a writer employs to conceal his or her identity. For example, Samuel Clemens used the pen name Mark Twain. William Sydney Porter wrote his short stories under the pen name O. Henry. Mary Ann Cross used the pen name George Eliot to hide that she was a female writer, just as science-fiction writer Alice Bradley Sheldon used the pen name James Tiptree, Junior. C.S. Lewis used the pen name N.W. (Anglo-Saxon, Nat Whilk, or I know not whom) in some writings, including the first edition of A Grief Observed , and then played upon example, that by quoting the medieval authority Natvilcius in Perelandra (Duriez 147). Likewise, Ben Franklin used a variety of pen names such as Silence Do-good, Jonathan Swift once used the name Lemuel Gulliver, and so on.

Writers might choose to use a pen name as a way to keep a certain name associated with certain types of end of work, so that a writer might use one name for westerns and another name for of power example science fiction novels. Other authors might seek to hide their identity to avoid negative repercussions (such as hate-mail, imprisonment, lynch-mobs, or even execution--all of these misfortunes can and do occur to authors, especially those writing in totalitarian regimes). PENNY DREADFUL : A sensational novel of crime, adventure, violence, or horror. The term is an English archaism referring to cheaply printed books bound in paper at only a few pennies' cost. Close Portrait. English schoolboys also called them bloods, apparently in reference to the violent content. The equivalent term in American slang is dime-novel, again referring to the cheap price, or pulp fiction, referring to the cheap wood-pulp pressed to balance example, make the paper. Bottles. My personal favorite penny dreadful from pre-1800 writing is Varney the of power Vampire: Or, The Feast of Blood! The title gives some indication of the business practice content. See also dime novel . PENTAMETER : When poetry consists of five feet in each line, it is written in pentameter . Each foot has a set number of syllables. Iambs, spondees, and trochees are feet consisting of balance of power two syllables.

Thus, iambic pentameter, spondaic pentameter, and trochaic pentameter lines would have a total of business ten syllables. Anapests and dactyls are feet consisting of example three syllables. Thus, anapestic pentameter and dactylic pentameter lines (if such lines were common) would have a total of fifteen syllables. End Of Apartheid In South. See foot and meter . You can click here to download a handout discussing meter in greater detail. PENTATEUCH : The first five books of the Hebrew Bible--i.e., Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and of power Deuteronomy. PEREVAL (Russian, The Pass): A group of Russian writers led by the critic Voronsk in 1923 and associated with the journal Red Virgin Soil (Harkins 279). This group of writers opposed the concept of glass enforced proletarian literature and the oppression of Communist conformity on writers--but the Russian authorities dissolved the group in balance example, 1932 and forced its members to merge with the Union of Soviet Writers (Harkins 279-80).

PERFECT RHYME : Another term for exact rhyme or true rhyme. See exact rhyme . PERFECTING : In the practice Renaissance printing industry, the term perfecting refered to printing on the second side of a sheet of paper after the first side of balance example that sheet had already been printed to make a double-sided copy. In the John The Study Double example 1500s, printers would typically do the recto side of the example sheet in Herdman:, the morning and the verso side in the afternoon or evening. By the 1700s, it became common to use two presses consecutively--one side done on the first press and the other side done on balance of power, the second press. PERICOPE (Grk, section; the last two syllables rhyme with dopey): (1) In biblical studies, a story, brief passage, or selection from gospel narrative or passage found embedded inside another story, narrative, or passage. (2) Passages of gospel text inserted at the head of a homily or sermon in medieval texts. See frame narrative . PERIPHRASIS (Grk. roundabout speech): The act of intentional circumlocution, expressing a short idea with many more words than is absolutely necessary, or expressing indirectly an idea that one could express briefly and simply. J.A. Cuddon cites an example the sentence, Her olfactory system was suffering from a temporary inconvenience, instead of her nose was blocked (701).

While writers after the modern period have generally considered concision and directness admirable traits in Monarchy, style, some rhetorical situations may call for example periphrasis. For example, writers may use periphrasis in order to heights 4, avoid breaking a social taboo, in which case the periphrasis fulfills the same purpose as a euphemism . E.g., one might write he went to his final rest instead of he died, which is both periphrasis and a euphemism. In the 18th century, periphrasis was often considered valuable for its own sake as a means of displaying a writer's erudition or facility with language, so such writings of the time might refer to the scaly breed for reptiles or the balance of power feathered kind for birds in a manner akin to Germanic kennings (Shipley 429). If a writer or speaker uses periphrasis with the deliberate goal of tricking, misleading, or confusing the John of the Double Essay example audience, that act is called ambage . If periphrasis appears to have no purpose, or appears awkward and balance unsuitable, or detracts from the impact of the writing, rhetoricians refer to it as perisologia , a stylistic blemish. If the blemish originates in unnecessary repetition, the glass fault is balance, called macrologia . An example of macrologia would be they returned home into their own country from whence they had come (Shipley 365). This sentence would be briefer as they returned home.

A sample passage of periphrasis is called a periphrase , not to be confused with the honophone paraphrase (Shipley 429). PERIODIC ESSAY : The forefather of modern periodicals like magazines and glass literary journals, these publications contained essays appearing at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, and so on). The subject-matter varied from current events, literary criticism, social commentary, fashion, geographic and architectural features of London, childhood memories, and balance of power whatever other reverie entered the author's head. The essays often began with a Latin epigraph as a rhetorical flourish illustrating the good taste and education of the gentleman author, a practice that has fallen out of favor in end of apartheid africa, more fiercely democratic and egalitarian times. The first literary periodicals were French. Of Power Example. They included Journals des Scavans (1665). Glass. Italian ones followed such as Giornale de Letterati (1668). English imitators included Mercurius Librarius (1668), the Athenian Mercury (1690), and of power the Gentleman's Journal (1692). The early 1700s was a time when the English periodic essay flourished in particular. Wuthering Chapter 4. This time was especially important in the development of the modern periodical and in the growing acceptance of the essay as a valid genre . Writers like Defoe, Addison, Steele, and Boswell either contributed frequently to these magazines or edited and produced their own.

The Tatler (1709), the Spectator (1711), and the Guardian (1731), all established by Addison and Steele, became profoundly influential in shaping the balance of power example writing habits and in south publication customs of the modern world. Most of these publications ran for of power only two or three years before vanishing, but some lasted for decades. Wuthering Heights 4. The Gentleman's Magazine first came out in 1731 and the last issue appeared in balance of power, 1907, for instance, and chuck close big self portrait the Quarterly Review (1809) was still being published as of example 1991, when I last subscribed. PERIODIC SENTENCE : A long sentence that is not grammatically complete (and hence not intelligible to the reader ) until the reader reaches the final portion of the sentence. An example is close big self portrait, this sentence by Bret Harte: The most common type of periodic sentence involves a long phrase in balance example, which the verb falls at the very end of the sentence after the direct object, indirect object and other grammatical necessities. For example, For the queen, the lover, pleading always at the heart's door, patiently waits. In a non-periodic sentence , we would normally write, Always pleading at the heart's door, the lover waits patiently for the queen. The non-periodic sentence is chuck close big self portrait, clearer in English. It tends to follow the subject-verb-object pattern we are accustomed to.

The periodic sentence is balance of power, more exotic and arguably more poetic, but initially confusing. Periodic structure is particularly effective in synthetic languages (i.e. languages in which meaning does not depend on the order of words). End Of In South Africa. In such languages, a periodic sentence creates suspense or tension in a reader eagerly awaiting the balance outcome of a grammatical action. Essay Sentimental Monarchy. In classical Latin or Greek, periodic sentences were accordingly considered the height of dramatic style. Balance Of Power Example. In English, however, the result can become confusing or comic if the Sentimental Monarchy writer loses control, as evidenced in the work of Victorian novelist George Bulwer-Lytton, which has been much mocked by modern readers.

Milton's employs a periodic style in Paradise Lost because he seeks boldly to imitate the features of a classical epic --including the very grammatical structure of the of power example original Latin and Greek works he loves and emulates. Compare to anastrophe . PERIODIC STYLE : A style of writing in which the end of apartheid in south sentences tend to be periodic. See discussion under periodic sentence , above. Periodic style in English is usually considered indirect or artificially artsy in comparison with the more straight-forward non-periodic style . PERIODIZATION : The division of literature into chronological categories of historical period or time as opposed to the categorization of literature according to genre , i.e., categories based on conventional features shared between works of similar type. For instance, if I were organizing my bookshelf, and I placed all the balance of power example books from the close big self early 1800s on one shelf, and balance of power all the books written in the Victorian period on end of apartheid africa, the next shelf, and all the twentieth-century books on balance of power, the last shelf, I have organized my literature by John Double Essay periodization . Balance Of Power. If, however, I placed all the John of the Essay books containing tragic drama together on of power example, one shelf, ands placed all my Western novels on another shelf, and put all the poetry collections on the last shelf, I have organized my books according to in south africa, genre . (Other possible organizing principles might be alphabetical or thematic.) Periodization is balance, not always clear.

A particular author's life span might overlap with both the Victorian period and the twentieth century, for instance. Other periods--such as the postmodern and modern periods--have no clearly defined ending or beginning point. Still, the intellectual exercise can be useful for thinking about The Study Double Essay how particular literary artists fit (or don't fit) into example, an era and for thinking about the zeitgeist or spirit-of-the-age in which they live. PERIODS OF ENGLISH LITERATURE : The common historical eras scholars use to divide literature into business, comprehensible sections through periodization . Example. Dividing literature into these sometimes arbitrary periods allows us to better compare and contrast the writing, poetry, and drama produced in different ages, to more easily trace chains of influence from one writer to another, and to chuck portrait, appreciate more readily the connection between historical events and balance example intellectual trends. A few common divisions include the following: the Anglo-Saxon period, Middle English period, Renaissance period, Restoration period, Neoclassical period, Romantic period, Victorian period, Modern period , and Postmodern period. No universally accepted scheme exists for the divisions.

For instance, some editors or anthologists might lump both the Double example Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods together as the Medieval period. Another might subdivide the balance of power Renaissance into the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods, and so on. Click here for a PDF handout listing the periods in more detail. PERIPETEIA (Also spelled peripetea , Greek for sudden change): The sudden reversal of wuthering chapter fortune in a story, play, or any narrative in which there is an observable change in direction. In tragedy, this is often a change from stability and happiness toward the destruction or downfall of the protagonist. PERIPETY : Another term for of power example peripeteia . See above.

The word was particularly common in older English writing. PERPETUUM CARMEN (Latin, continuous song): Ovid's twist on Callimachus' sarcastic description for his literary adversaries' work. Originally, in Callimachus' use, Callimachus applies the term to lengthy narrative poetry done poorly, as opposed to Callimachus' own work, which focuses on brief, short narratives (see Feeney xxiv). Ovid, however, takes the term and applies it paradoxically to his own work, which involves a number of short narratives worked into end of africa, a single, lengthy, epic-length work. PERSONA (Plural, personae or personas ; Latin,mask): An external representation of oneself which might or might not accurately reflect one's inner self, or an external representation of oneself that might be largely accurate, but involves exaggerating certain characteristics and minimizing others. One of the most famous personae is that of the speaker in Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal.

Here, the Irish author Swift, outraged over Britain's economic exploitation of Ireland, creates a speaker who is a well-to-do English intellectual, getting on in years, who advocates raising and eating Irish children as a means of economic advancement. Another famous persona is Geoffrey Chaucer's narrator in The Canterbury Tales , who presents himself as poetically inept and somewhat dull. Contrast with alter ego and poetic speaker . PERSONAL ENDING : In linguistics and balance of power grammar, a verb inflection that shows if the subject is first person, second person, or third person. PERSONIFICATION : A trope in which abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions. Personification is particularly common in poetry, but it appears in nearly all types of artful writing. Glass Bottles Vs Plastic. Examples include Keat's treatment of the vase in Ode on a Grecian Urn, in which the of power urn is treated as a sylvan historian, who canst thus express / A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme, or Sylvia Plath's The Moon and glass bottles vs plastic the Yew Tree, in which the moon is a face in its own right, / White as a knuckle and terribly upset. / It drags the sea after it like a dark crime. Example. When discussing the ways that animistic religions personify natural forces with human qualities, scientists refer to this process as anthropomorphizing , sometimes with derogatory overtones. Apartheid. A special sub-type of personification is of power example, prosopopoeia , in glass bottles vs plastic, which an inanimate object is given the ability of human speech.

Apostrophe (not to of power example, be confused with the punctuation mark) is a special type of John Herdman: The Study of the Double Essay personification in which a speaker in a poem or rhetorical work pauses to address some abstraction that is not physically present in the room. See also prosopopoeia , apostrophe therianthropic , and theriomorphic . PETRARCHAN CONCEIT : A conceit used by the Italian poet Petrarch or similar to those he used. In the Renaissance, English poets were quite taken with Petrarch's conceits and recycled them in their own poetry. Examples include comparing eyes to the stars or sun, hair to of power, golden wires, lips to Monarchy, cherries, women to goddesses, and so on. His oxymora , such as freezing fire or burning ice, were also common. PETRASHEVSKI CIRCLE (aka Petrashevski Conspiracy ): A secret society of Russian Utopian socialists who formed in 1845 and met at balance of power the home of M. B. Butashevich-Petrashevski to read illegal socialist literature, including among its members the author Dostoyevski and Herdman: The Study of the Essay the poet Pleschcheyev (Harkins 287). In 1849, Czar Nicholas I had the circle arrested and staged a mock drama and execution--only revealing at the last moment the group had been issued a reprieve. Instead of execution, the members of the group were sentenced to exile in Siberia or military service (287). PETRINE DOCTRINE : Roman Catholics (and pretty much all medieval Christians in western Europe) have traditionally believed the Petrine doctrine . The Petrine doctrine is the belief that Saint Peter was given special authority by Christ that has since passed on to each Pope. In the Gospel narratives, Matthew 16:18-19, Christ states, You are Peter [ petrus ], the balance example Rock [ petros ], and on chuck close big self portrait, this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against of power example it.

To you I will give the keys to chuck close big self, the Kingdom of Heaven. What you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and what you loose on of power example, earth shall be loosed in heaven. (A similar verse is found in business practice, John 21:15-17.) Medieval and modern Catholics believed the Archbishop of Rome (i.e., the Pope) was in direct apostolic lineage back to Saint Peter. That means the Archbishop who anointed the Pope had been annointed by of power example others all the way back to Saint Peter. Thus, the Pope inherited the same special authority Saint Peter had. The Orthodox Greek church did not share this belief. Africa. They thought of the Pope as being the first among equals, an archbishop like any other. He did not have authority to command the whole church. The two halves of the medieval church in the West and the East argued about this, but that was the sum of the dispute for several centuries. The differences between the two halves of the old Roman empire was exacerbated by the differences in language as well (Western Europe spoke Latin, but the Eastern half of the empire spoke Greek.) See also schism . PHALLIC (from Greek phallos , penis): A phallic symbol or phallus is a sexualized representation of male potency, power, or domination--particularly through some object vaguely reminiscent of the penis. Common phallic symbols include sticks, staves, swords, clubs, towers, trees, missiles, and balance of power rockets. Contrast with a yonic symbol.

See also herm . PHANOPOEIA : Ezra Pound's term for bottles vs plastic one of three techniques to balance of power example, create charged language. In this case, phanopoeia is a word that creates visual imagery, or as Pound states, You use a word to throw a visual image on to the reader's imagination (37). Business Practice. See also melopoeia and logopoeia. PHATIC COMMUNICATION : Exchanges or conversation designed primarily not to balance example, transmit information, but rather to reinforce social bonds, signal the beginning or end of a conversation, or engage in Herdman: The Study Double Essay, ritual activities. For instance, if we pass a stranger in the hallway and balance of power example say, Hi, howya doing? and pass on after a nod, the linguistic exchange was not an actual request for data, but merely a politeness acknowledging the other's presence. Similarly, thanks for stopping by or you're welcome, come again are all social lubricants to ease the transition to and from big self ritual activity rather than attempts at factual communication. Phatic communication is the term for this phenomenon. PHILOLOGY (Greek, Love of words): Not to be confused with philosophy (see below), philology was an important but now somewhat dated field of study in the 19th and early 20th century. It covered the topics of literary studies, linguistics, folklore, and mythology. Philologists were the ones who reconstructed proto-Indo-European, developed comparative mythology, deciphered the relationships between modern languages, and balance of power compiled records of regional folklore, fairy tales, and mythology before they vanished into modernity. This large and unwieldy field eventually split apart and become the academic fields we know today as separate entities (i.e., the distinct degrees of chapter 4 literature, lingustics, folklore, and so forth).

Few colleges offer degrees in balance of power example, philology today (Oxford being a notable exception), but in the first half of the twentieth century, J.R.R. Predatory Business. Tolkien was the primary philologist in the Inklings , which sometimes became a source of tension. C. S. Lewis apparently distrusted philology's obsession with source texts, and in his diary, when Lewis first met Tolkien, Lewis wrote, he [Tolkien] is a philologist. No harm in balance of power, him: only needs a good smack or two. PHILOSOPHY (Greek, Love of wisdom): The methodical and systematic exploration of what we know, how we know it, and why it is chapter, important that we know it. Too frequently, students use the term somewhat nebulously. They often mistakenly state, My philosophy about X is . Balance Example. . . when they really mean, My opinion about predatory X is . . . or My attitude toward X is . . . Traditional areas of Western philosophic inquiry include the following areas. PHOBOS (Grk, fear): The emotional purgation of negative feelings known as catharsis involved, according to Aristotle's Poetics , two emotions: eleos (pity) and phobos (fear). If the audience did not feel pity for balance the tragic hero in Herdman: The Study of the Double Essay example, a play, or feel fear at balance example his downfall, the play failed in portrait, its purpose.

See discussion under catharsis . PHONEME : The smallest sound or part of of power example a spoken word that serves as a building block in a larger syllable or word, and which cannot be broken down further into smaller constitutive sounds. Phonetic transcription always indicates the spoken rather than the written word. This term contrasts with graphemes (the letters or smallest written symbols that count as a unit of an glass, alphabet) and morphemes (smallest units that have meaning-- either written or spoken). Of Power Example. For instance, in the word rerun , the morphemes are re- and run . Though the u- or the r- by themselves are not meaningful sounds like a full morpheme, they cannot be broken down or reduced into any smaller sounds, and thus they are phonemes--the smallest possible sounds in English. 4. Linguists often transcribe English words into example, phonetic markings to indicate subtle differences in accent, pronunciation, etc., which may or may not correspond to the graphemes (the markings we use to symbolize sounds--i.e., the written word).

When they do so, they often enclose the phonetic symbols in Herdman: Double Essay, slashes /laik ∂ Is/ and enclose the example graphic markings in chevrons like this so the reader can tell whether that linguist is discussing the spoken form of the word or the written form of the word. Contrast with grapheme and morpheme . PHONETIC FULCRUM: Jake Carrick's term for a sentence with two parts of opposite sounds, with a pivot in the middle separating the end of in south two sections. An example from Bram Stoker's Dracula : Broken battlements showed a jagged line across the of power example moonlit sky. Bottles Vs Plastic. The distinction here is the first half of the sentence uses hard consonance, but after jagged, the balance example sentence's alliteration shifts to liquid and soft consonance (Carrick). In poetry, such a shift often falls in chuck close big self portrait, the caesura, though the effect is not limited to alliterative verse. PHONETICS : The study of phonemes, or units of sound in spoken language. PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION : Written symbols that linguists use to represent speech sounds. One common transcription system is the balance of power example IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). Practice. To see samples in PDF format, you can download IPA vowels and IPA consonants. PHONOGRAM : A written symbol that indicates a spoken sound. Students should not confuse this term with a gramophone (an antique record-player).

PHONOLOGY : According to Algeo, The units of balance of power sound (phonemes) of a language with their possible arrangements and varieties of vocal expression (329). More generally, the study of sounds and sound-systems in a language. PICARESQUE NARRATIVE : Any narrative (including short stories) that has the same traits as a picaresque novel. See discussion under picaresque novel . PICARESQUE NOVEL (from Spanish picaro , a rogue or thief; also called the picaresque narrative and the Räuberroman in German): A humorous novel in predatory business practice, which the balance of power example plot consists of a young knave's misadventures and escapades narrated in comic or satiric scenes. This roguish protagonist--called a picaro --makes his (or sometimes her) way through cunning and chuck big self trickery rather than through virtue or industry. The picaro frequently travels from place to place engaging in a variety of jobs for several masters and getting into mischief. The picaresque novel is usually episodic in nature and realistic in balance of power example, its presentation of the seamier aspects of society. The genre first emerged in 1553 in the anonymous Spanish work Lazarillo de Tormes , and later Spanish authors like Mateo Aleman and Fracisco Quevedo produced other similar works.

The first English specimen was Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller (1594). Probably the most famous example of the close big self genre is French: Le Sage's Gil Blas (1715), which ensured the genre's continuing influence on literature. Of Power Example. Other examples include Defoe's Moll Flanders , Henry Fielding's Jonathan Wild , Smollett's Roderick Random , Thomas Mann's unfinished Felix Krull , and Saul Bellow's The Adventures of Augie March . The genre has also heavily influenced episodic humorous novels as diverse as Cervantes' Don Quixote and Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of heights Huckleberry Finn . PICKUP SYLLABLE : Another term for the unstressed syllable in anacrusis . PIDGIN : A simplified, limited language combining features from many languages and balance used among persons who share no common language amongst themselves. By definition, a pidgin language is not a native language--but rather it is one used between ethnic groups rather than within any particular single ethnic group. However, artificial conditions (such as the enforced assimilation on slave plantations) can cause children to grow up with little use for their native tongues. End Of In South. This can cause the pidgin language to develop into a much richer creole . PIECE-BIEN-FAIT : The French term for the dramatic genre called the well-made play. See discussion under well-made play . PIETAS (Latin, reverance): In Roman times, pietas is the of power example quality of revering those things that deserve reverence. The word is the source for our modern English words piety and bottles piousness (reverence toward the of power example divine), but the wuthering chapter 4 Latin term is far more all-embracing--indicating not only of power devotion to the gods, but also devotion to one's gens (family) and patria (homeland or country). Thus, it also means patriotism and familial responsibility. In Virgil's Aeneid , one epithet frequently applied to Aeneas is The Study of the Essay example, pius Aeneas , implying that Aeneas particularly embodies this quality so valued by the Romans. PILGRIMAGE : An act of spiritual devotion or penance in which an individual travels without material comforts to balance, a distant holy place.

The journey often has spiritual overtones--it may symbolize a journey to the celestial city of heaven or repeat the journey of a saint or biblical hero. Pilgrimage has become a prominent symbol in both Western Christian writings and Middle-Eastern Islamic writings. John Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress and Chaucer's Canterbury Tales are two literary examples using the pilgrimage motif . P'ING HUA : A Chinese yarn or tall tale. The genre typically involves a strong narrative presence and colloquial or idiomatic Chinese. Apartheid. The tone is realistic, but the content is typically fantastic or hyperbolic. Contrast with the Russian skaz . PIT : In indoor theaters during the Renaissance, the most expensive and prestigious bench seating was the pit--an area directly in front of the stage. Balance. The Blackfriar's theater was one such architectural example containing a pit. In later centuries, the musical orchestra would be moved to this position. PITCH : In linguistics, a semi-musical tone or quality used in predatory, some languages to distinguish meaning. PLACE OF ARTICULATION : The point in the oral cavity where the position of speech organs (lips, teeth, tongue, etc.) is most important for a particular sound. PLACE POEM : A poem whose subject is a specific location, such as a building, a city, a regional geographic feature like a river or hill, or a particular area of the countryside.

Examples include Percy Bysshe Shelley's Mont Blanc, William Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey, or the Galician poems of Rosalia de Castro. Of Power. Contrast with occasional poem . PLAGIARISM : Accidental or intentional intellectual theft in vs plastic, which a writer, poet, artist, scholar, or student steals an original idea, phrase, or section of writing from someone else and presents this material as his or her own work without indicating the source via appropriate explanation or citation. Click here for more information. PLATONIC : In common usage, people often use the word platonic to mean intellectual rather than physical. Balance Of Power. Thus, a Platonic love-affair is one in which the couple is attracted to each other for Sentimental Monarchy mental or psychological qualities rather than bodily attributes. More specifically, however, Platonic philosophy is Plato's idea that behind (or above or outside) the balance imperfect physical world, another intangible world of abstract ideas has its own existence. These abstract-but-perfect ideas (called Platonic forms ) appear only as dim outlines (or shadows) in the physical world. For instance, Plato argues that traits such as Justice, Beauty, and Goodness theoretically exist in perfect forms.

Material creatures, who cannot see or enjoy the abstract quality of in south Beauty itself, can only enjoy specific manifestations of Beauty--such as sunsets or starlight or silvery snow. What the unenlightened do not realize is that it is not these specific objects they should admire, but the quality of beauty behind them--the form of of power example absolute Beauty that is eternal and glass vs plastic unchanging even as specific sunsets fade and of power example yearly snowfalls melt away. Glass Vs Plastic. Because these abstract traits remain eternal even as the physical world changes ever, Plato concludes that the Platonic forms are somehow even more real than the concrete things we see, hear, smell, touch, and balance of power taste every day. Heights. His breathtaking, nearly mystical conclusion is balance, that the vs plastic physical world is the illusion or dream, and the world of the mind is of power, closer to the real world of the wuthering chapter eternal forms. Platonic thinking had profound influence on medieval theology and philosophy. In C. S. Lewis's The Last Battle . Professor Digory Kirke interprets the New Narnia of Heaven's relationship to Narnia and England as being one of Platonic forms (spiritual) and Platonic shadows (material) , and Aslan refers to example, the land of England and Narnia as being Shadowlands, i.e., the world of material shadows rather than spiritual realities. See also Cave, Plato's . Platonic thinking profoundly influences Plotinus, Boethius, Saint Augustine, Castiglione's The Book of the Sentimental Courtier , Spenser's Hymn in Honor of example Beauty, Shelley's Hymn to Intellectual Beauty, and Wordsworth's Ode on Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood . PLATONIC FORM : The permanent and perfect ideas, images, or patterns of which physical reality is but an imperfect or transitory symbol or expression. See discussion under Platonic for full details. PLAY : A specific piece of drama, usually enacted on a stage by diverse actors who often wear makeup or costumes to glass, make them resemble the character they portray. See drama . PLEONASM : A bad habit of speech or writing in which an idea repeats itself in a single sentence, i.e., a redundancy. Example. For example, tiny little town is a pleonasm, as opposed to tiny town or little town.

Likewise, Shipley points out With mine own ears I hear his voice (429) as a pleonasm. Most modern style books, perhaps influenced by Hemingway, discourage pleonastic constructions as being wordy or repetitive. I also steer students away from them. However, pleonasms have been fashionable in other centuries. Glass Bottles. Geoffrey of Vinsauf favored them in his twelfth-century style manual, the Poetria Nova. The New Testament book of Mark happily used them, as David Smith points out (8).

Consider Mark 13:33, Blepete, agrupneite! (Watch out! Be aware!) in which the author emphasizes alertness by using a pleonasm. PLOT : The structure and relationship of actions and balance of power example events in a work of Monarchy fiction. Of Power. In order for a plot to begin, some sort of catalyst is necessary. While the temporal order of events in end of, the work constitutes the story, we are speaking of plot rather than story as soon as we look at of power how these events relate to John Essay, one another and how they are rendered and organized so as to achieve their particular effects.

Note that, while it is example, most common for events to unfold chronologically or ab ovo (in which the first event happens first, the second event happens second, and so on), many stories structure the plot in end of apartheid in south, such a way that the reader encounters happenings out of balance order. A common technique along this line is to begin the wuthering 4 story in the middle of the action, a technique called beginning in medias res (Latin for balance in the end of apartheid in south middle[s] of things). Example. Some narratives involve several short episodic plots occurring one after the other (like chivalric romances), or they may involve multiple subplots taking place simultaneously with the main plot (as in many of Shakespeare's plays). PLUCK BUFFET : Anthropologists suggest that pre-adolescent male children in glass, a variety of cultures share the game of pluck buffet. In this game, one child trades blows on of power, the arm or chest with another to see who is Essay Monarchy, bravest or toughest. Alternatively, pluck buffet also refers to any game in which two individuals challenge each other to some contest (often archery) and the loser must receive a strike from the balance winner. For instance, the poem Garland depicts Richard the chuck big self Lion-Hearted and example Robin Hood having an glass bottles, archery contest, and the loser must Beare a buffet on his hede. This exchange becomes an important theme in balance of power, ballads like Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne . Pluck buffet may also lie at the heart of a Celtic motif known as the trade of blows in which one warrior agrees to trade strikes with another; in the case of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , pluck buffet takes a potentially lethal turn when Gawain and the green elf-knight play the glass game using giant axes. POETIC DICTION : Distinctive language used by poets, i.e., language that would not be common in their everyday speech.

The most common signs of poetic diction include involve archaisms , neologisms , rhyme , and balance of power example unusual figures of speech. Teachers often point to chapter 4, Spenser's use of words like gentil and tobraken , or Shakespeare's use of abysm and of power example climature , or Emily Dickinson's use of thee and thine . When they ask students, why did this poet write in such a way? students often mistakenly reply, Because that's the way people talked back then. Chuck Close Big Self Portrait. On the balance contrary, in the 1500s, Spenser is resurrecting language that was common in Sentimental Monarchy, Chaucer's day in the 1300s--not the language of his own time. The words abysm and climature are made-up words Shakespeare invented from abyss/chasm and climate/temperature , not words he would hear in everyday use on the London streets. Likewise, the pronouns thou/thee/thine faded in the 1600s, long before Emily Dickinson's heyday in the 1800s. These poets chose such language precisely because it is unusual for their time--because it is different from humdrum ordinary speech. (That's what makes it striking poetry, after all.) The concept of literary decorum (and its requirement for balance of power example certain genres and characters to use lofty, elevated language) also generated thick poetic diction. As M. H. Abrams notes in volume I of The Norton Anthology , the results were phrases such as the finny tribe for glass vs plastic fish and the the bleating kind for sheep (2958). To modern poets, such phrasing might seem overblown. The point, however, is of power, that poetic diction is vastly different from daily speech.

POETIC LICENSE : The freedom of a poet or other literary writer to depart from the norms of common discourse, literal reality, or historical truth in order to close, create a special effect in or for the reader. When applied to prose writers, the term is often called artistic license. Contrast with verisimilitude . POETIC JUSTICE : The phrase and the idea was coined by Thomas Rymer in the late 1600s. Balance Of Power Example. He claimed that a narrative or drama should distribute rewards and punishments proportionately to the virtues and villainies of each character in the story. Predatory Business. Thus, when a particularly vicious character meets a despicable end appropriate for his crimes, we say it is balance, poetic justice. This formula for Sentimental Monarchy resolving plots has fallen into disfavor in of power, later centuries, and no widely influential critics today advocate such a formula without qualifications.

POETIC SPEAKER : The narrative or elegiac voice in a poem (such as a sonnet, ode, or lyric) that speaks of his or her situation or feelings. It is a convention in poetry that the speaker is not the same individual as the historical author of the poem. For instance, consider the poet Lord Byron's mock epic Don Juan . Lord Byron wrote the poem as a young man in his late twenties. However, the speaker of the poem depicts himself as being an wuthering chapter 4, elderly man looking back cynically on the days of youth. Clearly, the balance example voice talking and narrating the wuthering heights chapter 4 story is not identical with the author.

In the same way, the of power example speaker of the poem My Last Duchess characterizes himself through his words as a Renaissance nobleman in Italy who is end of in south africa, cold-blooded--quite capable of murdering a wife who displeases him--but the author of the poem was actually Robert Browning, a mild-mannered English poet writing in of power example, the early nineteenth-century. Many students (and literary critics) attempt to decipher clues about the author's own attitudes, beliefs, feelings, or biographical details through the words in a poem. However, such an activity must always be done with caution. Shakespeare may write a sonnet in which the poetic speaker pours out his passion for practice a woman with bad breath and wiry black hair (Sonnet 130), but it does not necessarily mean that Shakespeare himself was attracted to halitosis, or that his wife had black hair, or that he had a fling with such a woman. In fact, it is a convention in some genres , such as the medieval visio or dream vision, that the poetic speaker is a dull, imperceptive caricature of the author. Of Power Example. See also authorial voice and dream vision , above.

POETRY : A variable literary genre characterized by rhythmical patterns of language. These patterns typically consist of patterns of meter (regular patterns of practice high and low stress), syllabification (the number of syllables in each line of text), rhyme , alliteration , or combinations of these elements. The poem typically involves figurative language such as schemes and example tropes, and the poem may bend (or outright break) the conventions of practice normal communicative speech in the attempt to embody an original idea or convey a linguistic experience. Many modern students mistakenly believe that rhyme is the of power dominant feature separating poetry from prose (non-poetic) writings. However, rhyme is actually a fairly recent addition to poetry. In classical Greece and Rome, meter was the trait that separated poetry from prose. POEISIS (from Greek poieo , to make): In Plato's Symposium , this term refers to act of creating or making something--both in the biological act of in south africa procreation and in the realm of the of power mind. It covers the action itself as well as the moment of transition where one thing becomes something new, and encompasses, as the chuck portrait character Diotima argues in of power, The Symposium, all of the predatory business following (1) natural poiesis or reproductive sexuality, (2) poiesis in a city through the balance example attainment of worthy fame, and (3) poiesis in the soul through virtuous habits and moral education. The word is related to the root of the modern English word poetry . POINT OF VIEW : The way a story gets told and who tells it. It is the method of narration that determines the position, or angle of vision, from which the story unfolds.

Point of view governs the glass bottles vs plastic reader's access to the story. Many narratives appear in the first person (the narrator speaks as I and the narrator is a character in the story who may or may not influence events within it). Another common type of narrative is the third-person narrative (the narrator seems to be someone standing outside the story who refers to of power example, all the characters by name or as he , she , they , and so on). When the narrator reports speech and action, but never comments on the thoughts of other characters, it is the dramatic third person point of view or objective point of view. The third-person narrator can be omniscient --a narrator who knows everything that needs to be known about the agents and events in the story, and is free to move at will in time and place, and who has privileged access to a character's thoughts, feelings, and motives. The narrator can also be limited --a narrator who is confined to what is experienced, thought, or felt by big self portrait a single character, or at of power example most a limited number of John Herdman: of the characters. Finally, there is the unreliable narrator (a narrator who describes events in balance of power, the story, but seems to make obvious mistakes or misinterpretations that may be apparent to a careful reader).

Unreliable narration often serves to characterize the narrator as someone foolish or unobservant. See also authorial voice . POINT OF VIEW CHARACTER : The central figure in a limited point of view narration, the chapter character through whom the reader experiences the author's representation of the balance of power world. See point of view , above. POLIS (Greek, City): The Greek city-state, a small, independent government consisting of a single town and its immediate environs. Some of these city-states were democracies in John The Study of the Double example, which every male citizen voted on every government action. Others were oligarchies in which a few rich or aristocratic families cooperated and shared powers. Others were dictatorships in which a single military leader came to power. Of Power Example. The two most influential city-states were Athens and Sparta.

They eventually rose to power over their neighbors through combinations of alliances and conquests. Athens was famous for chuck close big self portrait its culture and art and intellectual life. Example. Sparta was famous for its toughness and its martial lifestyle. POLYGENESIS : The theory that, if two similar stories, words, or images appear in two different geographic regions or languages, they are actually unrelated to each other. Each one arose independently. For an analogy, in both early Mayan architecture and in end of africa, Egyptian architecture, pyramids are striking engineering features. Of Power Example. However, since no contact took place between the two cultures, archeologists believe each group invented the design independently rather than adopting it from a single source (such as one group borrowing it from the other). Circumstances such as the lack of mortar, concrete, or flying buttresses ensured that both Mayans and Egyptians would come up with a wide-base structure to Essay, support any large edifice--leading to pyramid designs by default.

In the same way, similar legends appear across the world even when each group has no contact with others. Many cultures that master metallurgy create legends or myths about balance of power crippled smiths (witness Hephaestus or Vulcan in Greco-Roman myth, Weiland in Norse and Germanic legend, and Silverhand in Celtic stories). Bottles. Cultures that do not master metal-smithing do not create crippled craftsmen-gods in balance example, their pantheons. This lack can be explained by the theory of polygenesis. Men who are crippled cannot join the hunters in gathering food or join the farmers in digging irrigation ditches, so they tend to stay in the village and work as craftsmen, developing skills that ultimately seem magical to business, the untrained without these years of experience. However, the balance of power example archetype of the crippled craftsman/god does not appear in cultures without the technology of John Herdman: of the Essay metal-working.

In the same way, flood-narratives appear across many cultures--Noah's flood in of power, the Judeo-Christian tradition as well as in Welsh, Chaldean, and wuthering Greek legends. Balance Example. Fundamentalist Christian interpretations accordingly see this as evidence of a literal flood occurring world-wide. Scholars of myth would argue that myths of a universal flood appear only in cultures that experience flooding regularly as a natural disaster. Aborigines in wuthering 4, the Australian outbreak or desert-dwelling tribesmen do not share such a legend, for balance of power instance. Vs Plastic. This leads to the idea that these flood-narratives arose independently in example, different places through polygenesis. See also archetype . Contrast with monogenesis . POLYSYLLABIC : Having more than one syllable. POLYSYNDETON : Using many conjunctions to achieve an overwhelming effect in a sentence. For example, This term, I am taking biology and business English and history and math and music and physics and sociology. All those and s make the student sound like she is completely overwhelmed.

It is the opposite of asyndeton . Both polysyndeton and asyndeton are examples of rhetorical schemes. Of Power Example. For a literary example of heights chapter 4 polysyndeton, click here. POLYTHEISM : The belief in multiple deities--usually non-omniscient and non-omnipotent--in contrast with the idea of a single all-powerful deity. POMP É : In classical Greco-Roman culture, many major festivals were marked by balance a pompé . Bottles Vs Plastic. A pompé was a combination of a parade, pilgrimage, and religious procession. Worshippers would don special garb, line up in balance of power, rows by the thousands, and then travel through the city or from one holy site to another (such as from the Parthenon to the site of the predatory business practice Eleusinian mysteries). The most important pompé in Athens celebrated Athena's birthday. On this day, her shrine would be cleaned and scrubbed, and the cult statue would be physically carried or carted in a procession leading to the Aegean, where it would be cleansed with sea-water and of power example given a new peplos (woman's cloak) to heights chapter 4, wear for the upcoming year. POOH-POOH HYPOTHESIS : In linguistics, the idea that language began as emotional outbursts or surprised exclamations; contrast with the bow-wow theory , the ding-dong theory , and of power the yo-he-ho theory . PORTRAIT EN CREUX : A rhetorical or literary device in which a writer mentions an absence to evoke the Essay Sentimental counterpart presence. This is the verbal equivalent of negative space in sculpture or painting.

POSTMODERNISM : A general (and often hotly debated) label referring to the philosophical, artistic, and literary changes and tendencies after the of power example 1940s and 1950s up to the present day. We can speak of postmodern art, music, architecture, literature, and practice poetry using the same generic label. Example. The tendencies of postmodernism include (1) a rejection of business traditional authority, (2) radical experimentation--in some cases bordering on gimmickry, (3) eclecticism and multiculturalism, (4) parody and of power pastiche, (5) deliberate anachronism or surrealism, and (6) a cynical or ironic self-awareness (often postmodernism mocks its own characteristic traits). In many ways, these traits are all features that first appeared in modernism , but postmodernism magnifies and heights chapter 4 intensifies these earlier characteristics. It also seems to balance, me that, while modernism rejected much of tradition, it clung to science as a hopeful and objective cure to the past insanities of history, culture and superstition. Modernism hoped to Monarchy, tear down tradition and longed to example, build something better in its ruins. Postmodernism, on the other hand, is often suspicious of scientific claims, and often denies the possibility or desirability of establishing any objective truths and shared cultural standards. It usually embraces pluralism and chuck close big self portrait spurns monolithic beliefs, and balance example it often borders on solipsism.

While modernism mourned the passing of unified cultural tradition, and wept for its demise in the ruined heap of civilization, so to speak, postmodernism tends to dance in the ruins and play with the fragments. Some of the John The Study Essay example new literary movements growing from postmodernism include the darker or horrific tales of science fiction, neo-Gothic literature, late twentieth-century horror stories, concrete poetry, magic realism , Theater of the balance example Absurd, and so on. Finally, postmodernism is often used loosely and predatory business practice interchangeably with the critical movements following post-structuralism--the growing realms of Marxist, materialist, feminist, and balance of power psychoanalytical approaches to literature that developed during and predatory business after the 1970s. Example. To see where postmodernism fits into a chronology of predatory literary movements, click here for a PDF handout. POSTPOSITIVE : A function word--often a preposition--that must come after its object rather than before it. By definition, a postpositive word or phrase cannot begin a sentence. Several words in Latin and Greek are postpositives.

POST-STRUCTURALISM : A collective and loose term for balance example any of the literary theories appearing after the structuralist movement in predatory practice, linguistics--including Derrida's infamous concept of deconstruction . The more radical poststructuralists attempt to subvert, question, or eliminate common concepts accepted before the structuralist movement--like individual identity, the example subconscious mind, rules for glass bottles vs plastic social interaction, and so on. PREFIX : A morpheme added to the beginning of a word. For instance, the prefix re- can be added to the word play to create the word replay . PREQUEL (formed from the prefix pre - and balance example the root word sequel ): A novel, play, film, or other narrative usually written after the popular success of an earlier work but set before the events in predatory practice, that successful earlier work, and incorporating characters, settings, and balance situations with which the audience is already familiar. Contrast with sequel and series . PRE-RAPHAELITE : Pre-Raphaelitism, or the Pre-Raphaelite movement, begins in practice, 1848 as a protest against conventional art and literature. Balance Of Power Example. A band of end of in south africa young London artists, poets, and intellectuals formed a brotherhood dedicated to re-creating the type of medieval art existing before the Renaissance . Hence, they took their name from Raphael (1483-1520), the earliest major Renaissance artist in Italy. Like the Romantic poets, Pre-Raphaelites wished to regain the of power example spirit of simple devotion and adherence to John Herdman: The Study Double Essay example, nature.

Hence, they rejected modernity, mass production, and urbanization. Typical Pre-Raphaelite writings involve an interest in chivalry , courtly love , ballads , archaic diction, pictorial qualities and visual imagery. The first Pre-Raphaelites included Dante Gabriel Rossetti (the ringleader), William Holman Hunt, William Michael Rossetti, Thomas Woolner, James Collinson, John Everett Millais, and Frederick George Stephens initially. The movement later grew to include or influence Dante Rossetti's sister, the poet Christina Rossetti; William Morris, the craftsman and of power example writer; the author Swinburne, and Burne-Jones the artist. In 1850, they formed their own literary journal, The Germ , to propagate their views and writings. Click here to download a PDF file of Christina Rossetti's poem, A Birthday, to sample the apartheid in south africa diction and style of Pre-Raphaelite poetry. PRE-ROMANTICISM : The first phase of the Romantic movement in European literature of the late 1700s and balance example early 1800s. Chapter 4. Harkins labels its main traits as greater freedom in expression of personal feelings, a new interest in landscape, the cultivation of medieval, chivalric themes as well as . Of Power. . . the supernatural, and the melancholy mood of 'graveyard' poetry (309). Bottles Vs Plastic. See Romanticism for further details.

PRESCRIPTIVIST : A grammatical treatise or a lexicon is said to be prescriptivist if it has the goal of fashioning guidelines or rules for grammar, spelling, and word use, as opposed to describing unjudgmentally how a group of people tend to use language. Contrast with descriptivist . PRESS VARIANT : Unlike a deliberately revised edition printed at a later date, a press variant is a minor and usually unintentional variation among books printed in balance of power, the same edition or print run. Greenblatt notes they usually result from corrections made in chuck close big self, the course of balance of power example printing or from John The Study Essay example slipped type (1142). PRIESTLY TEXT (Also called the P Text or the Priestly Document ): In biblical scholarship, this refers to example, material in africa, Genesis and the Hebrew Bible that probably appeared during a late period of editing--in contrast with the balance example older J Text and E Text . The name P Text comes from Priestly Text. Priests probably incorporated this material during or soon after the Babylonian exile of 587 BCE--though possibly as recently as 450 BCE. (Some scholars in the minority argue that portions of the material might date pre-exilicly from the late eighth/early seventh century BCE during Hezekiah's reign, but this stance is not widely held.) At the wuthering chapter time of the exile, the of power Judaic priests were probably desperate to retain their unique monotheistic beliefs in wuthering chapter, the face of overwhelming Babylonian influence, but they also faced the challenge of harmonizing their world view with that of of power example Babylonian tradition. At this point, many Aramaic (aka Chaldee) loanwords appear in the Hebrew text and they are incorporated into the Hebrew Bible thereafter. This influence explains why today most biblical concordances and dictionaries (such as the Sentimental 1979 version of Strong's Comprehensive Concordance of the Bible ) refer to their Hebrew sections as a Concordance of of power Hebrew and Chaldean, a Hebrew and glass bottles Chaldee Dictionary, or a Hebrew and balance of power example Aramaic Dictionary. Christ will still be using some Aramaic terms 400 years later in the New Testament gospels, which show how influential and long-lasting the linguistic effects of the Exile were on the Hebrew vocabulary. Biblical scholars think that Genesis 1:1-2:3 and other sections such as Genesis 6 come from the P Text, and predatory business these are probably the latest additions to the Genesis account.

The foreign loanwords mean these sections couldn't have been written before coming into contact with the balance example Chaldeans--at least not in the form in predatory practice, which they come down to us today in surviving manuscripts. Some features of the P text include a stress on ritual observances such as the Sabbath, circumcision, and dietary taboos believed to be late additions to the religious tradition. Other features of the P text--such as the details of the Passover ritual, ordination ceremonies, and descriptions of the tabernacle--appear to balance of power example, have come from now lost older manuscript traditions after being updated and modified in the P tradition. Finally, the P text is practice, marked the balance of power prominence it gives to Aaron (as opposed to the dominant role of Moses in the J and chuck big self portrait E texts), the account of Moses' death in of power example, Deuteronomy, the legal materials of Leviticus and Numbers, and business a series of genealogies showing some influence from Mesopotamian sources. If students are reading a study Bible like the balance example Anchor Bible series, the editors helpfully mark which sections come from the J, E, and P Texts. PRIMARY SOURCE : Literary scholars distinguish between primary sources , secondary sources , and educational resources . Students should also. To understand the chuck close difference, click here. PRIMOGENITURE : The late medieval custom of allowing the first born legitimate male child to inherit all of his father's properties, estates, wealth, and titles upon the father's death. Primogeniture was a key issue in determining succession to the royal throne, and it plays an important part in Edmund's villainy in King Lear , in example, King Henry V's claim to the French throne in Henry V , and in bottles, many other Shakespearean plays. In medieval times, primogeniture lead to huge social problems since Western Europe was producing large numbers of balance of power second born militarily trained knights who had no means of making a livelihood.

Since the firstborn son inherited everything, the only legitimate option for the other sons was becoming celibate and then joining the church hierarchy as clerics or entering monasteries. Since this was not always a preferable option for hot-blooded young men, many involved themselves in coups to gain the family estate, took up lives of brigandage, or became mercenaries and wandered from wuthering one war to of power, another seeking their fortunes. Wuthering Heights Chapter. When Pope Urban II called the first crusade to reclaim Jerusalem, the church saw that part of the solution to balance, this problem was to provide a legitimate arena of Sentimental Monarchy warfare for these dispossessed knights. The opposite custom of balance of power example dividing inheritance is glass, known as partible succession . PRINTING PRESS : Chinese and Japanese inventors developed simple printing techniques centuries earlier in monasteries, but in the 1440s and 1450s, Europe developed printing independently. Even though forerunners of the printed book might have existed in Holland, the most important developments were in balance of power, Mainz, Germany, where Indulgence was printed in wuthering heights, 1454, and balance of power the Gutenberg Bible in 1456. John of Gutenberg is credited with the invention by fifteenth-century writers, and the invention spread rapidly to Italy, France, Holland, and other countries. In South. William Caxton set up a printing press in Europe (Bruges) in 1475, and there printed the first book in of power example, English, The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye . Returning to close, England in 1476, Caxton set up his second printing press in balance of power, Westminster.

He next printed a number of Latin texts before printing in Sentimental Monarchy, English the Dicts or Sayings of the Philosophers (1477), Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1483), Malory's Le Morte Darthur (1485), and others for of power about a hundred titles in total. Predatory Business. His assistant, Wynkyn de Worde, took over of power example the business after Caxton's death and published perhaps 800 additional titles. The printing press was a revolution comparable to the modern internet revolution. It made books for wuthering 4 the first time cheap enough for mass production and mass purchasing, ensuring a rise in of power, literacy, blurring dialectal vocabularies, spreading geographic and cultural knowledge, and fueling the apartheid in south africa flames of religious reformation. PRIVATE SYMBOL : In contrast with an balance example, archetype (universal symbol), a private symbol is one that an individual artist arbitrarily assigns a personal meaning to. Nearly all members of an ethnic, religious, or linguistic group might share a cultural symbol and agree upon predatory, its meaning with little discussion, but private symbols may only be discernable in the context of one specific story or poem. Examples of private symbols include the elaborate mythologies created by J. R. R. Of Power. Tolkien in The Silmarillion (such as the One Ring as a symbol of power lust) or William Butler Yeats' use of Constantinople as a symbol to apartheid, represent poetic artifice in Sailing to balance of power example, Byzantium, or Yeats' use of a gyre to symbolize the Monarchy cycles of balance of power history and glass bottles the sphinx as an emblem of the Antichrist in The Second Coming. See also token and emblem . PROBLEM PLAY : There are two common meanings to this term. (1) The most general usage refers to any play in which the main character faces a personal, social, political, environmental, or religious problem common to balance example, his or her society at large. Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is representative of a problem play in practice, that Loman must face the challenges of what the author considers false values in a capitalistic society. (2) In a narrower sense, Shakespearean scholars apply the term problem play to a group of Shakespeare's plays, also called bitter comedies, especially Measure for Measure , Troilus and Cressida , and All's Well That Ends Well . These plays explore dark and ignoble aspects of human psychology without attempting to solve or resolve the plot to balance, the reader's satisfaction beyond a superficial level.

Because of the in south uneasy endings, the plays do not seem to follow the standard conventions of Renaissance comedy . PROCATALEPSIS (Greek anticipation): Procatalepsis is a rhetorical strategy in which the writer raises an objection and then immediately answers it; by doing so, the rhetor seeks to strengthen his argument by dealing with possible objections before his audience can raise counter-arguments. PROFANITY ACT OF 1606 : This law passed under King James I required that any profanity in a publicly performed play or in published material would result in balance of power, a ten-pound fine for the performer or printer, a substantial sum. Three of Shakespeare's quartos show signs of revision to meet the requirement of the Essay Sentimental Profanity Act, such as omissions of obscenity, the word God changed to heaven, or Jove, etc. Contrast with the Censorship Ordinance . PROLIXITY : A type of of power example wordiness or periphrasis characterized by unnecessary rambling or excessive detail, as Shipley puts it (429). A writer or speaker who has this tendency is said to be prolix. See dicussion under periphrasis . PROLOGUE : (1) In original Greek tragedy, the prologue was either the action or a set of introductory speeches before the first entry ( parados ) of the chorus. Chuck Close Big Self Portrait. Here, a single actor's monologue or a dialogue between two actors would establish the play's background events. (2) In later literature, a prologue is a section of any introductory material before the first chapter or the main material of a prose work, or any such material before the first stanza of balance a poetic work. PROMPTBOOK : A manuscript of a play adapted for predatory performance by a theatrical company--usually with extra stage directions, notes on special effects or props, and last minute revisions or corrections.

In some promptbooks, the characters' names and speech prefixes are scribbled out and replaced with the of power names of the actors playing those roles. PROMYTHIUM : A summary of the Essay Sentimental Monarchy moral of a fable appearing before the balance main narrative. If the summary is predatory business, found at the end of the narrative, it is called an epimythium . Contrast with prologue . PRONUNCIATION SPELLING : A new spelling of an old word that more accurately reflects the current pronunciation than the original spelling does. PROPAGANDA (Latin, things that must be sent forth): In its original use, the term referred to a committee of cardinals the Roman Catholic church founded in 1622 (the Congregatio de propaganda fide ). This group established specific educational materials to be sent with priests-in-training for foreign missions . The term is today used to refer to balance example, information, rumors, ideas, and artwork spread deliberately to help or harm another specific group, movement, belief, institution, or government. The term's connotations are mostly negative. When literature or journalism is predatory business practice, propaganda and when it is not is hotly debated. For instance, the Roman Emperor Augustus commissioned Virgil to write The Aeneid for specific goals. He wanted Virgil to glorify Rome's greatness, instill public pride in Rome's past, and cultivate traditional Roman virtues such as loyalty to the family, the Empire, and the gods. Is this propaganda?

Or patriotism? Typically, readers claim a work is balance of power example, propaganda when it sets forth an close big self, argument with which they personally disagree. In other cases, readers will call a work propagandistic if they can perceive that the characters or the author advances particular doctrines or principles. Example. Harry Shaw notes: Propaganda is attacked by most critics and general readers because it is an attempt to influence opinions and chuck close actions deliberately, but by balance of power example this definition all education and most literature are propagandistic (220). PROPARALEPSIS (plural: proparalepses ): A type of neologism that occurs by John Herdman: example adding an extra syllable or letters to of power, the end of a word. Chuck Big Self Portrait. For instance, Shakespeare in Hamlet creates the word climature by adding the end of the word temperature to climate (1.1.12).

The wizardly windbag Glyndwr (Glendower) proclaims that he can call spirits from the vasty deep in 1 Henry IV (3.1.52). We would expect him to speak of the of power example vast deep normally. Proparalepsis is an example of a rhetorical scheme. PROPORTIONAL : One of John The Study of the Double Essay example several possible numbering methods in balance of power example, a language's grammar. For a discussion of proportionals, see multiplicatives . PROPS (abbreviation of stage properties): Handheld objects, furniture and similar items on stage apart from bottles vs plastic costumes and balance example the stage scenery itself used to provide verisimilitude , to practice, reinforce the setting , to help characterize the actors holding or wearing them, or to provide visual objects for practical, symbolic, or demonstrative purposes on the stage. PROSCENIUM : An arch that frames a box set and holds the curtain, thus creating a sort of invisible boundary through which the example audience views the on-stage action of a play. PROSE : Any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry. Many modern genres such as short stories, novels, letters, essays, and treatises are typically written in prose.

PROSKENION : A raised stage constructed before the skene in classical Greek drama. The proskenion sharply divided the actors from the chorus, and the elevated height made the glass vs plastic actors more visible to the audience. PROSODIC SIGNAL : Algeo defines this as the [p]itch, stress, or rhythm as grammatical signals (327). PROSODY (1) : the mechanics of verse poetry--its sounds, rhythms, scansion and meter, stanzaic form, alliteration, assonance, euphony, onomatopoeia, and rhyme. (2) The study or analysis of the example previously listed material. This is also called versification . PROSOPOPOEIA (Grk prosopon , face): a form of personification in predatory business, which an inanimate object gains the ability to speak. For instance, in the Anglo-Saxon poem, The Dream of the balance of power example Rood, the wooden cross verbally describes the death of Christ from its own perspective. Ecocritical writers might describe clearcutting from the viewpoint of the tree, and so on. See personification , above. PROSTHESIS : Adding an extra syllable or letters to the beginning of a word for poetic effect.

Shakespeare writes in his sonnets, All alone, I beweep my outcast state. He could have simply written weep , but beweep matches his meter and is more poetic. Too many students are all afrightened by the use of prosthesis. Prosthesis creates a poetic effect, turning a run-of-the-mill word into something novel. Prosthesis is an close portrait, example of a rhetorical scheme. It results in a neologism . PROTAGONIST : The main character in a work, on whom the author focuses most of the narrative attention. See character . PROTO-INDO-EUROPEAN : The reconstructed ancestor of all Indo-European languages. Many scholars use this term interchangeably with Indo-European. Click here for more information.

PROVIDENCE : The theological doctrine stating God's sovereignty--especially his omniscience--allows complete divine control over the universe in the past, present, and future. It connects closely with questions of omniscience, free will and example predestination. In John Milton's Paradise Lost , Milton emphasises providence as one of his themes, depicting a universe in which God allows complete free will, but one in which God will ultimately use providence to turn even evil choices and wuthering heights chapter decisions to a greater good in the long run through his own mysterious means. Cf. Augustinian time . PRYS (also spelled pris ): The French noun prys , meaning worthiness, is a cognate with the English word price. Prys was rich in balance of power example, connotations, appearing frequently in French chansons de geste and medieval romances . It embodies knightly worthiness on a number of levels. A knight who has prys is loyal, brave, polite, courtly, proud, refined in taste, and perhaps a bit foolhardy and arrogant, quick to take anger at an insult and fast to accept a challenge or dual.

Chaucer uses this term to describe the Knight in the General Prologue of The Canterbury Tales : PSYCHOLOGICAL REALISM : The sense that characters in big self portrait, fictional narratives have realistic interiority or complex emotional and intellectual depth, including perhaps subconscious urges and fears they are not aware of. On an outward level, this realism typically involves reacting to external characters and situations in a manner consistent with the expectations of readers ( verisimilitude ). On an internal level, it may involve the revelation of characters' thoughts and internal meditations about themselves and others. Such internal machinations are a standard part of Elizabethan drama in the form of the soliloquy . However, psychological realism is associated most closely with the movement toward realism and naturalism in the nineteenth- and twentieth-centuries. Balance Of Power. After psychoanalysis appeared, Freudian ideas influenced many writers who sought to incorporate his theories into their own depictions of characters. Whether or not we can speak of psychological realism in literary works before the Renaissance is a thorny issue. Medieval saint's lives ( vitae ) , chivalric romances , sagas , and end of apartheid in south africa most other pre-Renaissance literary texts pay little attention to psychology, rarely describing a character's internal thoughts beyond a sparse assertion that a character was angry, sad, or lonely (and that assertion often made as part of a stock formula, such as Then King Arthur fared wondrously woode.) Often ancient works are so focused on allegory to balance, the exclusion of psychology that some critics assert pre-Renaissance writers and readers had very little sense of interiority or any unique self apart from tribe, family, religious caste, occupation, or social standing. The difference is so marked that some scholars like Harold Bloom speak of the invention of the human in the Renaissance. On the other hand, it is difficult to read something like The Confessions of Saint Augustine without getting a sense of a real human being intensely aware of his own psychology. Chuck Close Big Self. Possibly, the difference is rooted in conventions of literature rather than any actual historical change in balance example, human self-awareness, but the debate continues. PSYCHOPOMPOS (Greek, soul procession or soul carrier): A spirit-guide who leads or escorts a soul into the realm of the dead.

Such a character often appears in the motif of the Monarchy descent into the underworld . Examples of a psychopompos would be deities like Hermes and Charon in Greek mythology, or the balance characters of Virgil and end of in south africa Beatrice in of power example, Dante's Inferno . PULP FICTION : Mass market novels printed cheaply and intended for predatory business practice a general audience. The content was usually melodramatic, titillating, or thrilling. The earliest samples are the penny dreadfuls or bloods of the balance of power eighteenth century, which were followed in the nineteenth century by so-called dime novels (which were sold for ten cents). John. Examples included westerns, Horatio Alger novels, soft science fiction series, murder mysteries in serialized format, and melodramtic crime stories. The designation pulp comes from the paper quality--these novels are usually printed on the cheapest newsprint available. PUN (also called paronomasia ): A play on two words similar in sound but different in meaning. For example, in Matthew 16:18, Christ puns in Koine Greek: Thou art Peter [ Petros ] and upon this rock [ petra ] I will build my church. Shakespeare, in Romeo and Juliet , puns upon Romeo's vile death ( vile = vial , the vial of poison Romeo consumed).

Shakespeare's poetic speaker also puns upon his first name ( Will ) and his lover's desire (her will ) in the sonnets, and of power John Donne puns upon his last name in Hymn to God the Father. Originally, puns were a common literary trope in serious literature, but after the eighteenth century, puns have been primarily considered a low form of humor. A specific type of pun known as the africa equivoque involves a single phrase or word with differing meanings. Example. For instance, one epitaph for a bank teller reads He checked his cash, cashed in his checks, / And left his window. / Who's next? The nineteenth-century poet, Anita Owen, uses a pun to side-splitting effect in her verse: They tell sweet lies of Paradise; And in those eyes the lovelight lies. And lies--and lies--and lies! Another type of pun is the asteismus , in which one speaker uses a word one way, but a second speaker responds using the word in a different sense. For instance, in Cymbeline (II, i), Cloten exclaims, Would he had been one of my rank! A lord retorts, To have smell'd like a fool, twisting the meaning of rank from a noun referring to noble status to an adjective connoting a foul smell.

Yet another form of pun is the paragram , in which the wordplay involves altering one or more letters in a word. It is often considered a low form of humor, as in various knock-knock jokes or puns such as, What's homicidal and end of in south lives in the sea? Answer: Jack the Kipper, or in Chapter Four of C.S. Balance Example. Lewis' The Silver Chair , which is titled A Parliament of Owls (a pun on Chaucer's Parliament of Fowles ). John Herdman: Essay Example. In spite of the balance pun's current low reputation, some of the best writers in English have been notoriously addicted to puns: noticeably Shakespeare, Chaucer, and close big self portrait James Joyce. PURGATORY (Latin, purgare , to purge): Donald Logan writes:

The medieval and of power example Catholic doctrine of purgatory stated that Christian souls who had accepted rites of baptism and been accepted into the body of the faithful church, but who died unexpectedly with unconfessed sins or minor venial faults, would not be sent to hell, but would rather spend an indeterminate period in a spiritual place of practice temporal punishment. Balance Of Power Example. The same temporary suffering was believed to business practice, be the fate of baptised infants who had not yet reached the age of reason where they could choose to balance, accept Christian doctrine and make first confession. In this spiritual place, popularly called purgatory, such souls would suffer for a time as an act of penance. This would purify them so they could enter heaven. The Council of Florence (1431 AD) was the practice first time the balance of power example church officially embraced purgatory as a doctrine, but the belief in purgatory had long been a part of church practice going back to the patristic period of the fourth century, when Epiphanius mentions the practice of praying for deceased souls in order to glass vs plastic, lessen their time in purgatory. It is clear, however, that at this early point, the issue of hell, purgatory, and the afterlife was still a matter of dispute among proto-Christians, as theologians like Acrius denied the balance of power example doctrine. The popularity of purgatorial doctrine increased, and by the tenth century, it was practically universally accepted in close big self portrait, the church.

In the Middle Ages, some heretical groups like the Albigensians, the Waldensians, and the Hussites challenged the belief, but the first serious breach with the of power example doctrine appears in the sixteenth-century during the Essay Sentimental Monarchy Protestant Reformation. Example. At that time, Martin Luther initially considered retaining the doctrine of close big self Purgatory in the Lutheran Church, as witnessed in the Leipzig Disputation, but as the breach between Catholics and Protestants increased, political pressure to balance of power example, make a clean break with popishness decided the issue. The rejection of purgatory became practically universal among the big self portrait Protestant churches. John Calvin's doctrine was especially sharp in its break, and balance Calvinist teaching included the big self doctrine of infant damnation, in which all children who die in the womb, in childbirth, or during infancy were damned for eternity in hell. Calvin went so far as to term the Catholic position exitiale commentum quod crucem Christi evacuat . . . quod fidem nostram labefacit et evertit ( Institutiones , lib.

III, cap. v, 6, quoted in The Catholic Encyclopedia ). The modern Greek Orthodox church has also discontinued the purgatorial doctrine. Click here for a link to The Catholic Encyclopedia 's discussion of purgatory that is much more thorough than mine. The doctrine and imagery of purgatory is especially prevalent in medieval literature. It is the balance example focus of Marie de France's Saint Patrick's Purgatory . Practice. The Purgatorio , the second book of Dante's Divine Comedy , involves a spiritual journey through purgatory just after the poet's trip through the Inferno . Balance Of Power Example. C. S. Lewis explores the glass vs plastic question of purgatory in The Great Divorce , where he attempts to have his cake and eat it too by of power suggesting purgatory does and does not exist simultaneously, arguing that we experience purgatory temporally and Sentimental perceive it as a real thing, but in Augustinian time , we are able to of power example, see that purgatory (and material life on Essay Sentimental Monarchy, earth) on example, some level always have been heaven or hell, when we examine the afterlife sub specie aeternitatis . PURIST GRAMMAR (also called Grammatical Purism ): The belief in an absolute or unchanging standard of correct grammar. PURITAN : Most familiar to modern Americans as the religious denomination of the Mayflower colonists, the Puritans were a Protestant sect particularly active during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In a positive sense, Americans associate Puritanism with the Essay struggle for religious freedom since the Puritans colonized America to escape religious persecution; however, the idea is something of a misconception since the Puritans' hope was to create an all-encompassing Puritan culture in the new colony, not to create a cosmopolitan, tolerant society open to other branches of Protestant Christianity, much less Catholicism, Judaism, or other religions. Balance Of Power. (That sort of religious tolerance comes about in American culture largely as a result of the Deism fashionable among intellectuals in the eighteenth century during the writing of the Constitution.) In its negative sense, the word Puritan often evokes the chapter idea of balance dour, grim, religious conformity, since Puritans stereotypically wore only black and white; they frowned upon drinking, dancing, and displays of wuthering sexuality; burned aging misfits as witches; censored literature, and closed Shakespeare's playhouses in England because of acting's immorality. These tendencies have led to H. L. Mencken's jest defining Puritanism as the example haunting fear that someone, somewhere, may be happy. Puritanism forms the backdrop of The Scarlet Letter and The Crucible in American literature. Shakespeare uses a Puritan named Malvolio as the party-pooping villain in Twelfth Night . See also Roundhead and Puritan Interregnum . PURITAN INTERREGNUM (Latin, inter + regnum , between reigns): The term refers to both the Puritan government established under Oliver Cromwell after a civil war against the British monarch and those years in which that government lasted (1649-1658). Glass Vs Plastic. This interregnum marks the end of the English Renaissance. Balance Of Power Example. It came into being after a long civil war between two political factions, the Essay Monarchy Roundheads , non-aristocrats who supported Puritan reforms, and the Cavaliers , the aristocratic courtiers loyal to the monarchy.

Ultimately, the Stuart monarch was captured and executed, and his supporters fled to the continent with the heir to the throne, leaving the Puritans in power. The Puritans called their regime the Commonwealth, and it was nominally a parliamentarian government but a de facto dictatorship under Cromwell. This government fell apart upon Cromwell's death. At that point, the English royal heir returned to balance example, claim the throne, leading to the Restoration . See also Puritan , above. PURPLE PATCH : A section of purple prose or writing that is too ornate or florid for the surrounding plain material, which in end of in south africa, turn looks too tranquil or dull by the incongruity of the startling purple patch. The colorful image for this term comes from Horace's Ars Poetica 2.3.14-19, where he refers to the purpureus pannus , the purple piece of royal or princely cloth that is a colorful but irrelevant insertion into a plain-speaking work. PURPLE PROSE : Writing that seems overdone or which makes excessive use of imagery, figures of balance of power example speech, poetic diction, and Sentimental polysyllabication. These artifices become so overblown that they accidentally become silly or pompous. Balance Of Power Example. See also purple patch . PUSHKIN PLEIAD : A group of glass bottles vs plastic young Russian poets, friends and contemporaries of Pushkin, who shared his general poetic outlook--including Vyazemski, Dadydov, Delvig, Yzykov, Venevitinov, and Baratynski (Harkins 323). PYRRHIC : In classical Greek or Latin poetry, this foot consists of two unaccented syllables--the opposite balance of a spondee . Glass Bottles Vs Plastic. At best, a pyrrhic foot is an unusual aberration in English verse, and of power most prosodists (including me!) do not accept it as a foot at all because it contains no accented syllable. Normally, the context or prevailing iambs, trochees, or spondees in close portrait, surrounding lines overwhelms any potential pyrrhic foot, and a speaker reading the foot aloud will tend artificially to example, stress either the vs plastic first or last syllable.

See meter for more information.

Do My Homework For Me - Leading Homework Help Service - Balance of power | international relations | - Agnes Scott College

Nov 29, 2017 Balance of power example,

My Paper Writer - Balance of power (international relations) - IPFS - Columbia University, New York, NY

How Does Ghost Writing Actually Work: OZessay Experience. OZessay.com.au is a top-notch essay ghostwriting service. If you have a brilliant concept or a story to tell, contact us and ask for ghostwriting assistance. Home How Does Ghost Writing Actually Work: OZessay Experience. Ghostwriting is balance of power defined differently by various sources. OZessay offers the following ghostwriting definition. Ghost essay writing is an occupation whereby a writer is John Herdman: The Study Double Essay paid to produce a piece of work but receives no credit for it.

The ghostwriter is typically working on example, a freelance basis as a copywriter. Also, we define ghost writing as a popular mode of taking the life and Sentimental Monarchy memoirs of a public figure who does not write and creating a readable memoir of their life. Ghost writing can be used to produce manuscripts, screenplays, scripts, articles, blog posts, stories, reports, whitepapersany text that is credited to balance, its writer. Based on chuck close portrait, the above, here is a ghostwritten paper definition: A piece of balance of power example, paper written for another who is the presumed author is considered to be a ghostwritten.

Many people employ professional ghostwriters to create their articles, books, autobiographies and even academic papers. Students have to write a number of papers throughout their studies and it’s not uncommon for them to seek out ghostwriters to chuck, help with the bulk of their assignments. A professional is being paid to meet the strict requirements of the document in the voice of the original author. Balance Of Power Example? A hired ghostwriter will go as far as to work according to the original writer’s previous work. This is why choosing the right essay ghostwriting service to meet your needs is so important, particularly for your academic projects. Ghostwriting services are demanded by different types of individuals. You may be an academic person pressed for time, needing to engage a ghostwriter in carrying out the Herdman: Essay literature reviews of various theories and models that are required for your research paper. You may also be a celebrity or a sports personality, who wishes to publish an autobiography. You may be a singer or a composer wishing to have someone else’s creative input to your work. Regardless of the circumstance, there are writing companies that offer superb ghost writing services to clients with diverse needs.

There are two main streams of ghostwriting: creative and academic/professional work. Autobiographies are notoriously difficult for of power example, the subject to write. But the name autobiography implies that it is written entirely on the subjectand what better way to live through the exploits of someone like Keith Richards or Slash. Public figures who lack the momentum and skills to write their own autobiography will often hire a ghostwriter (someone to ghostwrite their autobiographies). Predatory Business Practice? The ghostwriter lets the balance of power example author to look at their life from africa a different angle, prompting with investigative questions, and thus creating a more objective portrayal of events. Family history records can take a similar form as autobiographies. Ghostwriters study a family’s history without bias for an objective and perspective. Fiction stories are ghostwritten when a person has a great idea but no idea how to execute it in the form of of power, a story. Script and screenplay writing requires a different set of story-telling skills. Africa? Ghostwriters are often hired to write for TV shows because of tight turnarounds or to balance of power, work with an author who does not properly understand stage directions and dialog. Business documents can be drawn up by ghostwriters who are hired to end of africa, take meeting minutes or record the negotiations, courtroom activity, and government meetings.

Instruction manuals must accompany many products, including electronics, household appliances, tools, and even medications. Ghostwriters are hired for this tedious tasks when they threaten to bog down other employees. Blogs are like online diaries that sometimes serve a marketing strategy. Bloggers are expected to adopt a constant content flow to keep the audience engaged. Ghostwriters can help by carrying some of the balance example workloads during busy schedules, for example, they may ghostwrite for a fashion blog during New York Fashion Week.

Medical documents help researchers and scientists distil their findings into official medical report or journal articles. Ghostwriters help when the researcher or scientist does not possess comprehensive writing skills and then to africa, write the publicity material to get the balance example document noticed by media outlets. Speeches are often ghostwritten for politicians, celebrities, and corporate executives who need to deliver charismatic and compelling speeches. Social media accounts need constant attention to keep them updated and informative. Apartheid In South? Many public figures and businesses need ghostwriters to balance, create regular content and respond to users instantly. Newsletters are sent out at close big self regular intervals by businesses, news outlets, and other institutions. Ghostwriters will cover various events, or create the daily or weekly tips for the document. Hiring a Ghostwriter Who Writes Affordable Papers. Ghostwriting can be an affordable way for an expert with no writing skills to get their expertise out there in a book. Balance Of Power? The demand is high enough that ghostwriters can make a good living and most ghostwriters have very little overhead. The most affordable ones work independently of expensive agencies who take agency fees.

This type of Monarchy, ghostwriter can provide customized service and no extra frills. Professional ghostwriter should be able to provide an accurate estimate of the of power time and end of africa money required for any project. The estimate will take the length of the completed work, the scope of the research, the deadline and the availability of the original author into consideration. They may require 50% of their fee upfront, based on that estimate. If the substantial time has to be added to the project the ghostwriter will write up a new order to reflect the augmentation. Prove early on to be reliable and organized. Take the information you give them and they will work for you through your entire assignment. Will never judge you or criticize you. Will guide and advise you on the best way to get your story or ideas across to your audience.

Will always be willing to sign contracts to the effect of drawing out the ghost-author relationship, responsibilities and of power example the ownership of the final body of chuck close, work. Will be as discreet, almost to the point of doctor-client or lawyer-client privilege. Will have connections to publishers and agents if it is appropriate to have your assignment published in example, the future. Won’t be offended if you ask for changes or criticize their work. A very good ghostwriter will be grateful for chuck close, any guidance you can give themconstructive criticism over aimless complaining. Balance Of Power? Will remain flexible and responsive to wuthering heights chapter, your needs at all times, as you must be to theirs. You may work with a professional writer in one of the several ways. In one scenario, you provide complete direction for the outline, tone, and information and of power the writer develops your words into a finished piece of writing. In the second scenario, you provide an outline or transcript and business the writer does all the of power research and writing, all you need to do is tweak and approve the final draft. Chuck Close Portrait? Of course, there is balance of power example also a very hands-off approach where you leave most of the Essay details up to the writer, perhaps just asking them to stick to a certain citation method or style guide. Custom written papers will be written to meet your specific requirements.

The ghostwriter you hire will make sure to provide you with the required citation and referencing style (Harvard, APA, MLA etc.) that meets the requests of the instructor. 2. Emphasis on Originality. Plagiarism is considered as a serious offense through the academia and a ghostwriter knows how to create 100% original content that will never be flagged for plagiarism. Prompt delivery is one of the most crucial factors to good coursework. Of Power? A coursework ghostwriter writing will stick to chuck big self portrait, the tight deadlines to balance of power example, submit your coursework papers on schedule. It is recommended to Essay Sentimental Monarchy, look for only reputable coursework writing services when looking for balance example, a convenient and reliable solution to Essay Monarchy, excessive coursework. Balance Of Power? You should feel at every point of the process that you are in the hands of a proficient writing team that can regularly deliver quality coursework assignments at affordable prices. Ghostwriting is a common practice and ghostwriters are fiercely loyal when it comes to defending their occupation from Sentimental Monarchy those who claim it to be unethical. But in an online world dependent on a constant flow of content, some of the most successful people are in need of ghostwriters to keep pushing the central message out. Even Guy Kawasaki has admitted to using ghostwriters to keep his Twitter account flush with new posts.

The Advantages of Hiring a Professional. Coursework is a regular feature in the life of the average college student. The constant flow of courseworks demands good analytical and writing skills, and of power a lot of timethe coursework demand has never been so heavy for glass bottles, college students. Balance Of Power? With the emergence of professional coursework writing services, students can now pay for portrait, quality, affordable coursework that is guaranteed to get favorable reviews from balance of power professors. Choose an apartheid africa, affordable ghostwriter with care by paying attention to their strengths and their ability to replicate your voice. A successful relationship between an author and their ghostwriter is often intimate and long-lasting. Put the extra time in to find the right writer and you will form a relationship of synergy, instead of one based solely on money. OZessay.com.au is a top-notch essay ghostwriting service. If you have a brilliant concept or a story to tell, lyrics to balance of power example, be composed to a beautiful song contact us and seek our help. We will assign world's best writers to Essay, collaborate with you to produce outstanding results. How to Write a Breathtaking Feature Article?

Ask OZessay.com.au! How to write a feature article? Read the balance information below to know everything about article writing. Hire a professional article writer at OZessay! Writing Career: How to chuck close big self portrait, Become a Member of the Writing Team at OZessay? OZessays is looking for knowledgeable, expert writers to of power, add to our reliable team.

If this sounds like you, fill out our simple application. How to write a literature review? OZessay writing team answers this question and explains the essential things to remember when writing any literature review. Enter your email address to receive exclusive members-only discounts. We can certainly adhere to any guidelines sent to us; we have a vast experience in writing papers on almost every academic topic out there. Glass Bottles? After an order is placed, the guidelines and example can be uploaded for the writer to look at, as well as any other material you wish to of power, provide. The papers are uploaded in MS Word format by default.

However, if your assignment requires otherwise, we can make it any format you specify. Yes, of course we have a big team, employing around 1200 professional writers. This number increases every day as we keep hiring new people. In the feedback section you may notice other customers mentioning writer numbers. Some numbers are over 9000. This is how many writers have attempted to actually register with us, but we only work with the best, allowing only the professionals to be a part of our team. We have an excellent reputation, and pride ourselves on making it steadily better, with more and more satisfied customers every year. We know that there are other custom writing sites that claim to offer what we offer, but just a quick look at those organisations' websites will tell you that their English isn't all that good, and John Herdman: of the Double Essay example their presentation of of power example, information is business not very professional or clear. That's what you can expect in your papers, too. Of Power Example? Compare our site, with its flawless English and crisp presentation of information, and know that what you see here is what you will get from OZessay.com.au. Bottles? Or let's put it another way: in our line of work, you would soon hear from your friends, class-mates and colleagues if we were disreputable!

To place a new order with us click on the Order Now link at balance of power any page of our website. This will take you to our secure order page. Fill out the order form placing detailed information and precise instructions for this order which will expedite the process of writing and ensure a high-quality outcome. No, our papers are never resold or published anywhere else. Unlike many of our competitors, we do not own or operate databases of essays and dissertations. We think it is Sentimental Monarchy highly unethical to of power, put reputation of our customers under question. We charge only for the actual content. Bibliography, references, title page and footnotes are free of Essay Sentimental, charge. It is balance of power example easy to check: every word processing software has a function of word count. Wuthering? Normally, there should be around 250 words per balance of power, page.

This means a thousand words every four pages. So, dividing the end of in south number of words by 250 you will get the actual number of pages paid. Even though we are the example US based company, we do have a contact number in the UK (phone: 020 8133 2155, fax: 020 7692 7990). All the predatory practice phone calls and faxes are redirected to our head office. University level, Bachelor's refers to the academic level to be written.

If you are an undergraduate studying at the university, then that is what you should select. Balance Of Power Example? The vast majority of our papers do receive a 2:1 or better. We suggest you selecting the chuck big self portrait level of difficulty in accordance with your expectations. When the paper is uploaded, it is completely yours to deal with. It will never get distributed on the web, published in of power, any media or resold a it goes against our companyas policy! The paper is stored in end of, our database for you to download it in of power, case you need it.

Yes, we can develop a primary research which qualifies as research paper on our order placement list. Our 100% customer satisfaction policy guarantees you that you may request as many revisions as you find it necessary. To request a revision for the completed paper, please login to your control panel and click on a Request Revision link. NEED HELP? Start a Live Chat with an apartheid africa, Operator, contact us +1-845-228-8552 or send a message.

A service of Insight Innovations LLC, Phoenix, AZ. Please enter your phone number to balance, get a call from our Academic Success Manager. We care about your privacy. Your browser is in south africa out-of-date. Please download one of these up-to-date, free and excellent browsers: For more security, speed, comfort and fun.

We have detected you have disabled http cookies on your browser. Please note that it might affect overall website performance. The following part(s) of our website might not function properly with cookies disabled: To use chat, please enable cookies or use phone or email to contact our support representatives.