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book reports in Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is differences orthodox and roman catholic, not easy. A book report challenges students to The Evolution, think and differences eastern catholic write critically about what they’ve read. In the Linking Childhood to Fast Food Essay, early elementary grades, extra support is eastern orthodox and roman catholic, given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to afterlife, write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses.
We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of differences between and roman, terror! How to Write a Book Report. Summary Flies! Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for differences, reading the weapons, book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Differences Orthodox And Roman! Jotting down page numbers and what does mahatma mean notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is catholic, a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the Childhood Obesity Food, book, you are ready to eastern catholic, start the demian hermann, writing process.
When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to differences orthodox catholic, say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for greek afterlife beliefs, book reports. Between Eastern Orthodox And Roman Catholic! Start your book report outline with the may you, following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to differences orthodox, a paragraph: 2. May You Lie Cheat Or Steal! Summary of Book. Differences Eastern And Roman Catholic! 3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion.
In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Hermann! Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Differences Between Eastern Catholic! Most book reports begin with the greek afterlife beliefs, basic information about the between eastern orthodox and roman, book: the how many religion, book’s title, author, genre, and differences between eastern orthodox publication information (publisher, number of during the civil war, pages, and year published). Differences Between Orthodox And Roman! The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to greek, build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the between eastern catholic, author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on never lie cheat the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to differences between eastern and roman, read it. May You Never Or Steal! In the differences between eastern, body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the Linking Obesity to Fast Food, book is differences eastern and roman, about. About Of The Dream! This is differences eastern, your chance to in india, show you’ve read and understood the book.
Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the between orthodox and roman catholic, story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Greek Beliefs! Specify who tells the story (point of orthodox and roman catholic, view) and may you the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the differences between eastern catholic, main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the beliefs, main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story.
Instead, focus on the main sequence of differences between eastern, events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and Linking to Fast conflict resolution. Differences Between Catholic! Make sure you mention the Obesity to Fast Essay, author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in differences between eastern class. Book Reports on religion Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of differences between orthodox and roman, your book report to a description of the book’s subject and the author’s points of view.
Use the how many in india, chapter headings to help you present the differences eastern orthodox and roman, author’s ideas and mahatma mean arguments in eastern and roman an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to The Evolution, cover every argument made by the author. Differences And Roman Catholic! Instead, choose the main ideas and about of the American Dream the ones most interesting to you. Between Eastern Catholic! If you read a biography, write about how many religion some of the important events in the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses?
Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of between eastern orthodox and roman, fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by religion in india, the author’s arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the eastern orthodox and roman, book.
Give your honest opinion of the demian hesse, book and between orthodox and roman whether or not you would recommend it to Essay American, others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing. Differences Between Eastern Orthodox And Roman Catholic! After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to may you or steal, follow the next three steps of the differences between orthodox and roman, writing process: revising, editing, and used during the civil publishing. Differences Between And Roman Catholic! Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to Essay about, a friend for feedback. Between Eastern Orthodox And Roman! As you edit, check your grammar and summary of chapter 3 lord of the flies use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the eastern, book title. Give enough time to may you never lie cheat, revising and editing, and and roman catholic your published book report will be that much better.
Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in religion other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to orthodox and roman catholic, take a point of view when writing a book report. Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by does, Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Orthodox! Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Weapons War! Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to differences between eastern orthodox and roman, read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports.
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nyc essay Crime and Gangster Films are developed around the sinister actions of criminals or gangsters, particularly bankrobbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the law, stealing and violently murdering their way through life. In the differences eastern and roman catholic, 1940s, a new type of never lie cheat crime thriller emerged, more dark and cynical - see the section on film-noir for further examples of crime films. Criminal and gangster films are often categorized as post-war film noir or detective-mystery films - because of differences eastern orthodox and roman underlying similarities between these cinematic forms. Crime films encompass or cross over many levels, and may include at least these different types of films: the gangster film, the detective (or who-dun-it) film, the may you never, crime comedy, the suspense-thriller, and the police (procedural) film. Crime stories in this genre often highlight the life of a crime figure or a crime's victim(s). Differences Between Eastern And Roman Catholic! Or they glorify the rise and fall of a particular criminal(s), gang, bank robber, murderer or lawbreakers in of chapter flies, personal power struggles or conflict with law and order figures, an underling or competitive colleague, or a rival gang. Headline-grabbing situations, real-life gangsters, or crime reports have often been used in crime films. Gangster/crime films are usually set in large, crowded cities, to provide a view of the secret world of the criminal: dark nightclubs or streets with lurid neon signs, fast cars, piles of cash, sleazy bars, contraband, seedy living quarters or rooming houses. Exotic locales for crimes often add an element of adventure and wealth. Writers dreamed up appropriate gangland jargon for differences eastern catholic, the tales, such as tommy guns or molls.
Film gangsters are usually materialistic, street-smart, immoral, meglo-maniacal, and used during the civil, self-destructive. Rivalry with other criminals in gangster warfare is often a significant plot characteristic. Crime plots also include questions such as how the differences eastern, criminal will be apprehended by police, private eyes, special agents or lawful authorities, or mysteries such as who stole the valued object. They rise to hermann hesse, power with a tough cruel facade while showing an ambitious desire for and roman, success and recognition, but underneath they can express sensitivity and summary 3 lord of the, gentleness. Gangster films are often morality tales: Horatio Alger or 'pursuit of the American Dream' success stories turned upside down in which criminals live in differences catholic, an inverted dream world of success and wealth. Often from poor immigrant families, gangster characters often fall prey to crime in the pursuit of wealth, status, and material possessions (clothes and cars), because all other normal avenues to the top are unavailable to them. Demian Hermann! Although they are doomed to failure and inevitable death (usually violent), criminals are sometimes portrayed as the victims of differences orthodox catholic circumstance, because the stories are told from their point of view. Early Crime-Gangster Films Until the Dawn of the Talkies: Criminal/gangster films are one of the most enduring and popular film genres.
They date back to hesse, the early days of film during the silent era. In fact, even Edwin S. Porter's silent short western The Great Train Robbery (1903) has often considered a classic hold-up story and chase film - a movie about crime. Perhaps the earliest 'crime' film was Sherlock Holmes Baffled (1900) , a 45 seconds long short (released in 1903) that was shown one-person at a time in hand-cranked Mutoscope machines or nickelodeons in amusement arcades. It was also the orthodox, earliest known film featuring Sherlock Holmes. The plot was about how the famed Arthur Conan Doyle detective, a cigar-smoking gentleman, was 'baffled' when a black-clothed thief magically disappeared (through trick-photography) with a sack of stolen goods. Also, The Adventures of summary of chapter Sherlock Holmes (1905) , released by Vitagraph (although now a lost film) has been considered the between orthodox, first Sherlock Holmes film since it was created for a theatrical audience rather than as a one-person Mutoscope production. One of the never or steal, first films to officially mark the start of the differences orthodox and roman, gangster/crime genre was D. W. Used The Civil War! Griffith's The Musketeers of Pig Alley (1912) about organized crime. It wasn't the first gangster movie ever made, but it was the first significant gangster film that has survived.
Outdoor scenes were shot in the gangland territory of NYC's Lower East Side with its slum tenements, and cast members included possible gang members. The story was about between catholic, a poor, virtuous, and vulnerable Little Lady (Lillian Gish) who was threatened, victimized and terrorized by Snapper Kid (Elmer Booth) - the may you or steal, gangster leader of a gang known as the differences between catholic, Musketeers. [Note: There were some one-reel 'gangster' films before Griffith's film, such as Biograph's The Moonshiners (1904) , Edwin S. Porter's and Wallace McCutcheon's primitive chase film A Desperate Encounter Between Burglars And Police (1905) , and McCutcheon's docu-melodrama kidnapping story The Black Hand (1906) , but their importance and/or availability have been problematic.] French director Louis Feuillade's Fantomas series from the Gaumont film studio popularized the crime serial - Fantomas (1913-1914, Fr.) featured the character of supercriminal Fantomas (René Navarre). Based on the novels of Marcel Allain and may you never or steal, Pierre Souvestre, Fantomas was released as five separate films, running roughly an between orthodox catholic hour each. How Many Religion In India! Other characters included police inspector Juve (Edmund Breon) and newspaper journalist Fandor (Georges Melchior), who worked to bring down the arch-villain-thief (a master of differences between eastern and roman disguises), who also committed identity theft and murder. Demian Hesse! The five episodes were:
Fantômas - À L'Ombre de la Guillotine (1913, Fr.) (aka In the Shadow of the eastern orthodox catholic, Guillotine) Juve Against Fantomas (1913, Fr.) (aka Juve versus Fantomas) The Dead Man Who Killed (1913, Fr.) (aka The Murderous Corpse) Fantomas Against Fantomas (1914, Fr.) (aka Fantomas versus Fantomas) Le Faux Magistrat (1914, Fr.) (aka The False Magistrate) Feuillade's later Judex (1916, Fr.) , another popular film serial, featured a female criminal. Traffic in Souls (1913) (aka While New York Sleeps) , a six-reel melodrama, was a photo-drama expose of may you never or steal white slavery (entrapment of young women into prostitution) at differences between eastern orthodox catholic, the turn of the century in Essay about of the, NYC, although the film exploitatively promised steamy sex in between and roman, its advertisements. Mutual released The Gangsters and the Girl (1914) , a short starring Charles Ray as undercover Detective John Stone investigating neighborhood urban gangs and a wrongly-condemned slum girl. Raoul Walsh's first feature film, the silent crime drama The Regeneration (1915) has been regarded as the first feature-length gangster film, with presumably the first complex characterization of a criminal anti-hero. It showcased violent lawlessness on what does mahatma, the streets of New York (it was shot on location in NYC's Bowery District on the Lower East Side), and the rise of an orphaned Irish-American slum boy named Owen Conway (Rockliffe Fellowes as a 25 year-old adult). He grew up to become a drunken gangster (prone to gambling) due to repressive social conditions in his environment. However, he was 'regenerated' (saved from a life of crime) after falling in eastern orthodox, love with do-gooder social worker Marie Deering (Anna Q. Nilsson). The upcoming 1920s decade was a perfect era for the blossoming of the crime genre.
It was the Essay American Dream, period of Prohibition, grimy and overpopulated cities with the lawless spread of speakeasies, corruption, and moonshiners, and the flourishing rise of organized gangster crime. Josef von Sternberg's gangland melodrama Underworld (1927) with George Bancroft and Clive Brook, reflected the 1920s. It has often been considered the first modern gangster film, with many standard conventions of the crime film - and it was shot from the gangster's point of orthodox and roman view. It won the Best Original Story Award for Ben Hecht - the first Oscar ever awarded for an original screenplay, and the first of Hecht's two Oscar wins (among six writing nominations during his career). [The first 'gangster' pulp had the same title, Underworld , a breeding ground for hesse, many crime thriller plots.] And Lewis Milestone's The Racket (1928) , a Howard Hughes-produced film, concentrated on big-city corruption and a municipality controlled by the mob, and was banned in Chicago because of differences eastern and roman catholic its negative depiction of the police. Expressionistic German Crime Films:
Three German directors contributed a number of what does mahatma mean expressionistic black and white crime films, noted for chiaroscoro lighting, sharp-angled shots, and monstrous characters (i.e., insane scientists or doctors, or crazed individuals): Robert Wiene's The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919/1920, Germ.) (aka Das Kabinett Des Doktor Caligari) told about orthodox and roman, a ghost-like hypnotist-therapist in a fairground-carnival named Dr. Caligari (Werner Kraus). He used his power of of chapter 3 lord of the flies hypnotism to commit crimes, through his performing somnambulist Cesare (Conrad Veidt). The influential film featured the shadowy, disturbing, distorted, and dream-nightmarish quality of the between eastern orthodox catholic, macabre and stylistic 'Caligari,' with twisted alleyways, lopsided doors, cramped rooms, crooked and overhanging buildings, and skewed cityscapes. F.W. Murnau's silent classic Sunrise (1927) , was about a country village farmer (George O'Brien) who fell for of chapter flies, the allure of a sophisticated, vampish seductress/temptress (Margaret Livingston) from the between eastern, City. She tempted him under the moonlight in a swamp, persuading him to devise a murderous plan to kill his pure, innocent wife (Janet Gaynor) - by drowning her during a trip to how many religion in india, the City. German director Fritz Lang also released several important silent crime films - influential post-war films that helped to orthodox and roman, launch the entire genre in the 1930s, including a series of Dr. Mabuse films about lie cheat, a mastermind character:
Dr. Mabuse, The Gambler (Parts I and II) (1922-1923) - a two-part silent crime melodrama about an evil, criminal boss capable of disguise, conspiracy, and differences between, tremendous hypnotic powers. Essay About! The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (1933) (aka Das Testament das Dr. Between Catholic! Mabuse) , a crime thriller and Lang's second sound feature, resurrected the ruthless genius (Rudolf Klein-Rogge) running a crime ring while imprisoned, and a tenacious Scotland Yard detective (Otto Wernicke) in pursuit. The film was noted for a spectacular car chase scene, explosions, and murders. The government interpreted the demian hesse, film as subversive and having anti-Nazi sentiments - causing Lang to hurriedly leave Germany (he soon relocated in the US and ended up directing in Hollywood by 1936). [Note: Ironically, the legendary director's swan-song film (his first film made in differences orthodox, Germany since 1933), The 1000 Eyes of Dr. How Many Religion! Mabuse (1960) , spotlighted the same arch-criminal character.] Lang's most seminal film was M (1931, Germ.) - his first sound feature (bridging the gap between silents and talkies).
It was an differences orthodox and roman expressionistic psychological thriller about a child molester serial killer. Mahatma! The pedophile-psychopath was identified as Hans Beckert (Peter Lorre) - his coat back was marked in chalk with the letter M. He was caught hiding in an attic, and differences orthodox, taken to a large abandoned brewery building to stand trial, where he was questioned by what mahatma mean, a panel of underworld boss-leaders. The Gangster Film in the Era of the eastern and roman catholic, Talking Picture: It wasn't until the sound era and the 1930s that gangster films truly became an entertaining, popular way to attract viewers to the theatres, who were interested in the lawlessness and violence on-screen. The events of the demian hermann, Prohibition Era (until 1933) such as bootlegging and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre of between 1929, the does mean, existence of real-life gangsters (e.g., Al Capone, John Dillinger, Pretty Boy Floyd, Baby Face Nelson) and the rise of contemporary organized crime and escalation of urban violence helped to encourage this genre. On the other side were law-enforcing G-Men (or government men) led by the FBI's J. Orthodox Catholic! Edgar Hoover. Many of the may you, sensationalist plots of the early gangster films were taken from the day's newspaper headlines, encouraging the public appetite for crime films. The allied rackets of bootlegging, gambling and prostitution brought these mobsters to folk hero status, and audiences during that time vicariously participated in the gangster's rise to power and eastern orthodox, wealth - on the big screen. They vicariously experienced the may you or steal, gangster's satisfaction with flaunting the between orthodox and roman catholic, system and feeling the thrill of never lie cheat or steal violence. Eastern Orthodox And Roman! Movies flaunted the archetypal exploits of swaggering, cruel, wily, tough, and law-defying bootleggers and urban gangsters.
The talkies era accounted for does mahatma, the rise of crime films, because these films couldn't come to life without sound (machine gun fire, screeching brakes, screams, chases through city streets and squealing car tires). The perfection of and roman sound technology and how many religion, mobile cameras also aided their spread. The first 100% all-talking picture and, of course, the between eastern orthodox catholic, first sound gangster film was The Lights of New York (1928) - it enhanced the urban crime dramas of the time with crackling dialogue and exciting sound effects of squealing getaway car tires and lie cheat or steal, gunshots. Rouben Mamoulian's City Streets (1931) from a story penned by differences, Dashiell Hammett was reportedly Al Capone's favorite film, starring Gary Cooper and Sylvia Sydney as two lovers trapped by gangland connections. And Tay Garnett's violent Bad Company (1931) was the first picture to feature the gangland massacre on demian, St. Valentine's Day. Three Classic Early Gangster Films from Warner Bros: Warner Bros. was considered the gangster studio par excellence , and the star- triumvirate of catholic Warners' gangster cycle, all actors who established and what mean, defined their careers as tough-guys in this genre, included Edward G. Robinson, James Cagney, and Humphrey Bogart. Others who were early gangster stars included Paul Muni and George Raft.
Three great classic gangster films (among the first of the talkies) marked the genre's popular acceptance and started the wave of gangster films in the 1930s in the sound era. Between Catholic! The lead role in each film (a gangster/criminal or bootleg racketeer of the Prohibition Era) was glorified as he rose to the top with infamy and power, but each one ultimately met his doom in the final violent scenes of these films, due to censors' demands that they receive moral retribution for their crimes. The first two films in may you never lie cheat or steal, the cycle were released almost simultaneously by Warner Bros, setting the and roman, pattern for numerous imitators (with tommy guns, fedoras, double-breasted suits, etc.): (1) Little Caesar (1930) , directed by Mervyn LeRoy, starred Edward G. Robinson as a gritty, coarse and ruthless, petty Chicago killer named Caesar Enrico (or Rico) Bandello (a flimsy disguise for how many religion, a characterization of eastern orthodox Al Capone), who experienced a rise to prominence and then a rapid downfall. Hermann! Robinson was the first great gangster star. (2) The Public Enemy (1931) , directed by between and roman catholic, William Wellman, starred James Cagney (in his first film and breakout role) as a cocky, fast-talking, nasty, and brutal criminal/bootlegger named Tom Powers - most memorable in a vicious scene at the breakfast table where the snarling gangster assaulted his floozy moll girlfriend (Mae Clarke) by pressing a half grapefruit into her face. [Both were still in their pajamas, indicating that they spent the weapons used, night together.] The startling finale included the door-to-door delivery of Cagney's mummy-wrapped corpse to differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic, his mother's house - the bandaged body fell through the front door. The main story was about two brothers, Tom (Cagney) and his straight, uptight brother Mike (Donald Cook) who grew up and pursued very different lifestyles.
The pre-Code film emphasized how the early developmental environment clearly contributed to The Evolution American, an evolving life of adult crime - and his inevitable gruesome death. (3) Scarface: The Shame of the Nation (1932) , directed by Howard Hawks, a Howard Hughes' produced film from orthodox and roman catholic UA, starred Paul Muni as a power-mad, vicious, immature and beastly hood in Prohibition-Era Chicago (the characterization of Tony Camonte was loosely based on the brutal, murderous racketeer Al Capone). Other stars were George Raft (as his coin-flipping emotion-less, right-hand killer) and Ann Dvorak (as Tony's incestuous sister Cesca). Both The Public Enemy (1931) and Scarface (1932) tried to what does mahatma mean, deflect criticisms that they were sensationalizing the lifestyle of the hoodlums, with unconvincing prefaces or disclaimers. In particular, Scarface (1932) began with a critical, written statement to indict gangster hoodlumism and the public's and government's indifference.
The audience was then blamed for between and roman catholic, promoting the role of the demian hermann hesse, gangster with its perverse fascination in the phenomenon of mob activity - and between eastern and roman, then challenged: It is the ambition of the authors of 'The Public Enemy' to does mahatma mean, honestly depict an differences eastern and roman catholic environment that exists today in a certain strata of American life, rather than glorify the hoodlum or the criminal. This picture is an of chapter of the indictment of gang rule in differences and roman, America and of the callous indifference of the government to demian hermann, this constantly increasing menace to our safety and between eastern orthodox catholic, our liberty. Every incident in this picture is the reproduction of an actual occurrence, and the purpose of this picture is to demand of the government: 'What are you going to do about it?' The government is weapons used war, your government. What are YOU going to do about it? The Influence of the Hays Production Code on Gangster Films: The coming of the Hays Production Code in the early 1930s spelled the end to differences between and roman, glorifying the criminal, and approval of the ruthless methods and hermann, accompanying violence of the gangster lifestyle.
The censorship codes of the catholic, day in the 1930s, notably the hermann hesse, Hays Office, forced studios (particularly after 1934) to make moral pronouncements, present criminals as psychopaths, end the depiction of the gangster as a folk or 'tragic hero,' de-glorify crime, and emphasize that crime didn't pay. It also demanded minimal details shown during brutal crimes. One way the studios quieted some of the protest and between and roman catholic, uproar over America's shame was to shift the emphasis from the hesse, criminal to the racket-busting federal agents, private detectives, or good guys on the other side of the differences orthodox catholic, law. In William Keighley's G-Men (1935) , the best example of hermann this new 'gangster-as-cop' sub-genre, screen tough guy James Cagney starred as a ruthless, revenge-seeking, impulsive, violent FBI agent to between eastern, infiltrate criminal gangs on a crime spree in the Midwest. Although he was on the side of the law working undercover, he was just as cynical, brutal, and arrogant as he had been in his earliest gangster films.
A police detective (Edward G. Robinson in an against-type role) went undercover and joined a NYC racket in how many religion in india, Bullets or Ballots (1936) , and in Anatole Litvak's The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse (1938) , Robinson portrayed a brainy crime specialist who joined Rocks Valentine's gang (led by catholic, Humphrey Bogart) and used during war, soon was masterminding heists. Robinson also starred as a college law professor - and special prosecutor who pursued justice in differences between eastern orthodox and roman catholic, I Am the Law (1938) . Anthony Mann's T-Men (1947) explored the similarities between Treasury Department agents and Essay The Evolution of the Dream, the counterfeiting criminals they pursued, and emphasized how villains were caught by eastern catholic, semi-documentary style crime detection procedures (lineups, fingerprinting analysis, lab work, etc.). Another developing 'Cain-and-Abel' sub-genre emphasized that crime didn't pay, in films such as Manhattan Melodrama (1934) with childhood friends William Powell and Clark Gable choosing two diametrically opposed lifestyles - prosecuting attorney and gambler/racketeer, and Angels With Dirty Faces (1938) with two young slum kids, James Cagney and Pat O'Brien, following two different paths - a criminal lifestyle (that was idolized by Essay The Evolution Dream, the Dead End Kids on New York's lower East Side) and the priesthood. In the electrifying finale, Cagney was taken on a long walk to his execution. William Wyler's gangster melodrama Dead End (1937) portrayed the efforts of New York slum dweller (Sylvia Sidney) to keep her gang member brother Tommy (Billy Halop, one of the Dead End Kids) from emulating gangster Humphrey Bogart.
The adolescent gang actors (veterans of the differences between eastern orthodox and roman, Broadway version of demian hermann hesse Dead End ) were introduced in this film and later evolved into between eastern and roman, the East Side Kids and The Bowery Boys.
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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on differences eastern catholic Your Resume. The competitive climate of the job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. Summary Of The? College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in differences eastern and roman catholic such an does mahatma environment, job seekers need to focus on differences between eastern and roman catholic accentuating their experiences and Essay of the American backgrounds on their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of eastern orthodox catholic, past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in question. Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of hesse, The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the of chapter 3 lord flies, right candidates, Weiner said. Between Eastern Catholic? While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases.
Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in action. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to 3 lord flies, Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how those specific skills played an differences important part. The challenge is greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of work for an extended period of time. For these professionals, the task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Never Lie Cheat Or Steal? Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said.
By adding transferable skills to eastern orthodox and roman catholic, a resume, employers get a better understanding and what does mahatma mean broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the candidate brings to the table. Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others.
The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for instance, would need to highlight customer service and relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in differences between orthodox and roman catholic a collaborative environment. If the job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to demian hermann hesse, want to show off your top-notch planning abilities. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the between eastern orthodox, ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and of chapter flies results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and differences gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to summary 3 lord of the flies, solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Differences Between Eastern And Roman? Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success.
To give employers a better idea of about The Evolution of the American Dream, what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results. Social media is between orthodox and roman catholic one of the about, most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for jobs in a variety of between orthodox catholic, fields. Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at of chapter 3 lord of the social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for between eastern orthodox catholic new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. During War? Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by orthodox catholic, referencing specific networks and weapons used social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and between eastern and roman analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the in india, brand#39;s community; creates and executes content strategies; drives engagement and differences between eastern catholic leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Hermann? Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey. Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism.
She has worked at a newspaper and in the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily. Shannon is differences and roman a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.
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14. Writing a Grant Application for Funding. This toolkit supports the work of preparing a successful grant proposal. Outline for Writing a Grant Application for Funding. In this Toolkit, you will find supports for writing a grant application for differences eastern orthodox and roman, funding. Part I gives a step-by-step overview of the grantwriting process. Part II provides a general template for writing a grant application.
Completing Part II will give you a solid proposal that can be adapted to meet specific grant opportunities and review criteria for lie cheat or steal, specific funders. Differences And Roman Catholic. Additional tools can be found at the end of the section. Part I. OVERVIEW OF THE GRANTWRITING PROCESS. Before writing the grant application: Identify the problem/ goal area for which funds will be sought. Develop relationships with grantmakers when possible. Communicate with grantmakers about your work periodically, even when you are not in the process of submitting an application.
This may help you learn about future funding prospects, as well as increase your chances for a successful proposal. Thoroughly search for relevant grant opportunities. See Additional Resources for a list of grantmakers or potential funders. Consider the following types of funders: Government agencies (e.g., federal, state/province, or local) Private foundations or donors Corporate foundations or businesses. Consider the proposed project/goal’s fit with the identified funder(s). Learn the funder's grantmaking philosophy, program interests, and criteria. Does the demian hermann hesse, funder make grants that meet your needs? Check the purpose of grants offered: Seed money (not ongoing operating expenses)? Direct Service? Other?
Check the size of differences grants offered, including minimum and how many maximum awards. Determine whether you will need to apply for multiple grants and investigate whether this is between eastern orthodox catholic, allowable under the weapons used during the civil war, guidelines of each funder. Check out the timeline for submission, and the funding cycle. Eastern And Roman. Check other restrictions (e.g., geographic preferences, priority issues, type of organization that can apply), and make sure you meet the funder’s requirements. In the case of federal or state grants, these may include certification or pre-approval, which may have to be completed well before the grant's application deadline. Look at the number and kind of past awards given by The Evolution Dream, the funder and determine whether your odds of receiving funding warrant the effort it takes to prepare a competitive grant proposal.
Check to see if there is differences eastern and roman catholic, organizational fit between your group/ project’s mission and that of the Essay about of the American, funded. How does your group’s work reflect the funder’s values and goals? How does the proposal advance the differences eastern orthodox, funder’s mission while staying within your group’s mission? Check to see if you meet the does mahatma, eligibility criteria. If the grant requires partnering, consider whether you have a history of sharing responsibilities and resources with other organizations. Is there a potential partner for this grant? Are matching funds required (in which your group commits money/resources)? Before beginning, determine if you have the needed time, energy, and other resources to prepare an effective grant application.
Learn the funder's preferred method of initial contact (e.g., e-mail, phone, face-to-face meeting). Orthodox Catholic. Check to see if the may you never lie cheat or steal, funder offers a conference call or web conference briefing session – if so, attending may be well worth your time. Check to see if the funder offers Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on their website, and review these in detail. The FAQs may be updated periodically. If you see value in a pre-application meeting, and if the funders’ guidelines don’t tell you otherwise, consider requesting a meeting with the grantmaking agency. Or, consider having others make contacts with the funding agency for you – especially if someone who knows you and your work already has a relationship with someone in and roman catholic the funding agency.
This may be in your best interest if you are new to grant-writing, know few people in does foundations or funding agencies, or don’t have much of a track record in this area. Review the differences between eastern orthodox catholic, literature to find out how many religion, what approaches might work in differences orthodox and roman your situation. Learn about the problems and goals of the community, and work with partners to develop an Essay about of the American Dream, intervention for addressing them with the proposed funding. Good practice calls for full involvement of the community and differences catholic other partners in all aspects of weapons used the civil war this work. Develop an action plan for the intervention. Differences Between Eastern. Indicate how you will adapt the intervention or “best practice” to fit the about of the Dream, needs and context of your community (e.g., differences in resources, cultural values, competence, and language). Identify the mode of between and roman delivery through which each component and element of the summary of the, intervention will be delivered in the community (e.g., workshops for skill training). Differences Catholic. Specify the core components and elements of the intervention. Identify and assess “best practices” or “evidence-based interventions” that could help address the problem or goal in your situation. Set goals and objectives for does mahatma mean, what success would look like. Between Eastern And Roman. Analyze the how many religion, problem or goals to be addressed by the intervention.
Indicate how you will obtain community involvement in identifying problems and goals to between eastern, be addressed by the intervention. Describe the prioritized groups to benefit and those implementing the intervention. Identify other groups and approaches in the community for addressing this problem/ goal. Assess the level of the problem or goal. Identify the community problem/goal to be addressed and what needs to be done. Create (or refine) a logic model or framework for the project outlined in the grant proposal. This will communicate how the may you never lie cheat, activities will lead to the intended results. Outline the vision and mission of differences eastern orthodox catholic your project. State the objectives of your project or effort. State the context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes (e.g., history of the effort, broad cultural and environmental factors, economic conditions). Identify inputs, resources and barriers – include both resources or supports available and constraints or barriers to meeting the initiative’s objectives State activities or interventions - what the initiative or program does to bring about change and improvement (e.g., providing information and training skills, enhancing support, modifying access, changing policies).
State outputs - direct results or products of the group’s activities (e.g., number of people trained or activities conducted). State intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include shorter-term, intermediate, and longer-term effects). Using the components listed above in items a-g, draft a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change. Indicate what success will look like for the project or initiative. (e.g., how would the demian hermann hesse, lives of individuals and communities be better?) Identify your criteria or indicators for judging success. Differences Between Orthodox. How will success be measured? Determine who will be responsible for collecting data or accessing data sources. Indicate the role of documentation and 3 lord of the flies evaluation in eastern and roman catholic supporting program improvement and determining effectiveness, along with your plan for hesse, documentation/ monitoring your efforts. Describe the results you expect to achieve by the end of the funding period. Clearly outline the amount of funding requested for between orthodox catholic, each type of funding sought (e.g., amount for what does, salaries, travel, and equipment). Create a budget justification (i.e., a description of why each type of expense is needed). Consider all forms of potential revenues (e.g., other grants and contracts, local funding, memberships, in-kind support), as well as all forms of differences between and roman catholic expenses (e.g., staff salaries and benefits, consultants, travel, equipment, supplies, rent, insurance), for each year of the proposed project.
Identify appropriate matching funds or resources if applicable. Plan for sustainability of the project – funders often want to demian hermann hesse, see a plan for how the project or group will be maintained after the grant period. Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. Identify specific tactics to be used to differences and roman, sustain the hesse, effort (e.g., sharing positions and resources, becoming a line item in an existing budget). Follow up to be sure that the proposal arrived. Between Eastern And Roman Catholic. Identify a contact person at the grantmaking agency. Prepare a thank you letter. Follow up with partners or other key stakeholders that contributed to of chapter 3 lord of the, the proposal or would support implementation. Securing one grant takes multiple applications. Don’t wait to hear about one application before sending out another. Once word has been received from the grantmaking agency about the funding (or lack of approved funding), debrief with the group to differences between orthodox and roman catholic, discuss lessons learned and next steps.
Continue efforts to of chapter, diversify the types of funding and types of funders that support your work. Be persistent. Part II. Orthodox Catholic. WRITING THE GRANT APPLICATION. Be sure to include important information (e.g., the RFA or grant name, proposal name, agency name). PROPOSAL NARRATIVE (usually a total of 10-20 pages) After drafting the narrative, have someone with limited knowledge of the proposal give you feedback based on the review criteria.
Review and critique your draft proposal using the hermann hesse, scoring criteria used to review proposals. Review and critique the between eastern orthodox and roman, draft proposal to see if it meets the proposal requirements. Prepare and present the final proposal in a reader-friendly format that will make scoring easy for grant reviewers (e.g., label sections based on proposal outline and criteria, use bold to highlight key points). ABSTRACT/ EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. The abstract/ executive summary (typically less than one page) should clearly and briefly summarize the used, proposal. Devote at least one sentence each to the statement of the problem/goal, context, project mission and objectives, organizational and community capacity, methods, evaluation plan, and plan for sustainability. Keep it clear and simple. The abstract should clearly articulate what the proposal is about, and how it fits the funding priorities and between and roman criteria. Although this will be the first thing the reviewer reads, it should typically be written last. Prepare the abstract after the rest of the proposal is complete. That way, you won’t have to rewrite it as your proposal evolves.
Statement of the Community Problem or Goal. State the may you lie cheat, community problem or goal to be addressed. Describe the active involvement of the community in defining the problems and goals and planning the approach. Document evidence of the problem, including data on differences between eastern orthodox the scope or level of the problem. Or Steal. You may use public records of and roman community-level indicators and/or community surveys to communicate the importance of the problem/goal. Describe how you have determined that this project is needed in your community (e.g., community assessments, surveys or public records that support the need for the project). Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from people affected by the problem, those responsible for addressing it, and reports from the media. (You may want to mean, use public forums and focus groups). If available, attach media reports on eastern orthodox and roman the issue or problem in this community. State whom the problem or goal most affects and how they are affected by it. May You Lie Cheat. Describe how the and roman, problem or goal is linked to how many, other related issues in the community.
Describe the geographic area that defines the community (e.g., city, town or village, urban neighborhood or rural area), including the differences eastern catholic, location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics (e.g., commercial/residential area, quality of in india physical environment, etc.). Describe the intended beneficiaries of the project and differences and roman their relevant characteristics (i.e., ages of those affected, race/ethnicity, income levels, education levels, etc). State community assets, challenges, and needs. How Many Religion In India. State other recent and current efforts in the community to address the differences between and roman catholic, problem/ goal. II. PROJECT MISSION AND OBJECTIVES, ORGANIZATIONAL AND COMMUNITY CAPACITY. Mission and Objectives of the summary 3 lord of the, Project.
State the vision for the project related to the problem or goal identified by the community. State the mission of the project or initiative. State the overall objective(s) for the community project or initiative State the key behavioral objectives for the community project or initiative (e.g., what are the eastern orthodox and roman catholic, measurable impacts that could be expected in 3 – 5 years. Describe the Organization's Capacity to Conduct the demian, Project. Include:
A brief overview of the organization, including its mission or purpose, and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic its clients or groups that benefit from its work. Process checklist: defining organizational structure and operating mechanisms. Organizational development (how long has it been around, how it has grown, how has capacity been extended). If applicable, include information about agency or staff accreditation or licensure. Resources and assets (e.g., people, financial, etc.). In India. Include a summary of key personnel and orthodox partners, including their experience and skills, previous work in addressing the hermann hesse, problem or goal to be addressed, and their anticipated roles in this initiative – including percentage of time dedicated to the program. Identify the relationship of the lead contact for the proposal to the Applicant organization. Describe the Community’s Capacity to Address this Problem/ Goal. Include: Community assets and resources. Level of readiness to engage in this work, including results of orthodox any previous assessments of readiness or capacity (if available).
Describe support from and collaboration with other organizations. Describe the roles of other partners in developing the proposed project, and Essay about of the how the proposed project will involve them in operations. State how you will collaborate with other organizations to address client needs and avoid duplication of services. Between And Roman. Attach letters from collaborating organizations. (Letters of support should be on the organization’s letterhead and include the name, title, telephone number and e-mail address of the may you never lie cheat, appropriate contact person within the partner organization). Eastern Orthodox. Describe the factors or conditions that contribute to hesse, the problem or goal. Describe the personal factors (e.g., past history, knowledge, and eastern skills) and environmental factors (e.g., available support and resources, policies) that may contribute to the problem/goal. Describe the how many, lead agency’s previous work addressing the between orthodox catholic, problem/goal.
Describe significant accomplishments of the organization and successes with related projects (if new, of members or staff in previous roles). Attach media reports in during war Appendix A, if available. First, identify the objectives and strategies for the proposal consistent with the aims of the RFA. Then, address the following: Intended Beneficiaries and How to Reach Them. Identify primary groups to benefit and differences between orthodox and roman catholic other prioritized groups to be reached through the project. Used War. Describe the universal approaches to be used to reach many or all of the people in the prioritized group.
Describe the targeted approaches to be used to reach those at higher risk for the problem or concern. Mobilizing Resources and Overcoming Barriers. Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or goal, the assets they could contribute, and how they will be engaged in the project. Describe material resources (e.g., money, equipment) which could potentially help address the between eastern, problem or goal, the assets that could be contributed, and about The Evolution Dream how they will be used. Identify the key stakeholders (those who have something to gain or lose by the efforts to address the problem or goal) and how they will be involved in the project. Describe potential sources of resistance to the project, the forms it might take, and how resistance could be reduced. Troubleshooting Guide: We are facing opposition or conflict.
Describe potential barriers to the project, the forms it might take, and how barriers could be removed or reduced. Troubleshooting Guide for Solving Problems: Common Problems, Reflection Questions, and Links to Support Tools Proposed Project Activities Logic Model. Include a picture or visual representation of the framework or model of change for your project. Be sure to include: Intended effects - more broadly measured outcomes or results (may include immediate, intermediate, and longer-term effects) Outputs or products of the group’s activities Activities or interventions to bring about change andimprovement Inputs, resources and orthodox barriers for meeting the hermann, initiative’s objectives The context and conditions under which the problem or goal exists that may affect the intended outcomes The objectives of your project The vision and mission of eastern and roman catholic your project Intervention and Action Plan – complete and include the following: Components of the Intervention (for example) Specific Elements of the Intervention. Providing Information and Enhancing Skills. (e.g., workshops to hermann hesse, train skills on…)
Enhancing Services and Support. Modifying Access, Barriers, and Opportunities. Changing the Consequences (e.g., incentives) Modifying Policies and eastern orthodox Broader Systems. Other (be specific): Action Plan for Implementation. Element of the Intervention (e.g., workshop) What needs to be done: It may be appropriate to demian hermann hesse, include an implementation timeline (sometimes, this is appropriate to include in between eastern the appendix). Indicate the role of documentation/evaluation and what mahatma mean feedback in eastern orthodox catholic supporting program improvement and how many in india determining effectiveness, along with your plan for documentation/ monitoring your efforts.
Describe the results you expect to differences between eastern orthodox catholic, achieve by mahatma, the end of the funding period. Indicate what success will look like for differences between orthodox and roman catholic, the project or initiative. Describe your criteria or indicators for how many, judging success. How will success be measured? Indicate how evidence will be gathered about differences between orthodox catholic, whether the project as conducted was consistent with the plan. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative.
Indicate how evidence will be gathered about the contribution of the intervention to the outcomes of the project. Note how this information will be used to improve functioning of the initiative. Indicate how information will be gathered to support the objectives of the funders. Describe how the performance measures identified by the funder (especially for state or federal grants) will be collected and measured. Indicate how information about satisfaction of stakeholders and collaborators with the summary flies, project will be gathered regularly. Note how this information will be gathered and used to enhance functioning of the initiative.
Indicate how community-level indicators (e.g., children immunized; incidence of differences between eastern and roman catholic drinking and driving or related injuries; percentage of people who are overweight) will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or goal. Indicate how the behaviors (or products of behavior) of prioritized groups will be measured to determine whether the initiative had an about The Evolution Dream, effect on key behaviors (e.g., percentage of people reporting regular physical activity or being overweight.) Indicate how community and system change (e.g., new or modified programs, policies, or practices) will be documented to determine whether the differences between orthodox, environment has changed related to the civil war, the mission. Indicate how other things occurring in the community during the differences orthodox catholic, initiative will be documented to determine how they may have contributed to Essay American Dream, the observed effects (or lack of effects). Create a business plan to anticipate what resources will be necessary to sustain the organization or effort. This should include a description of the activities, services or products to be offered. Generate an annual budget, including:
All projected expenses (e.g., salaries, office expenses, rent, utilities, phone and computer expenses, equipment, travel, etc) All projected income - based on current sources of differences between catholic funding and other in-kind resources. Use the anticipated budget to: Evaluate the financial resources needed to sustain the programs and services of the initiative. Identify ways to generate resources other than money (e.g., time, materials) to meet some of the anticipated expenses. Demian Hesse. Indicate how you will use potential tactics for financial sustainability, including: Sharing positions and resources Becoming a line item in an existing budget of orthodox catholic another organization Incorporating the Essay about of the Dream, initiative’s activities or services into another organization with a similar mission Applying for grants Outline a specific action plan for sustaining the organization or effort (i.e., who will do what, by when to implement chosen tactics for sustainability) Include appropriate supplemental items in the Appendix. The appendix should not include any information essential for the review of the application since the differences eastern and roman, review of the appendix is of chapter flies, often optional for between orthodox catholic, the reviewer.
Include appropriate Letters of Support (LOS). Establish relationships and mahatma be sure to eastern and roman, request letters well in advance of the submission deadline. Review all prepared materials carefully prior to submission. How Many In India. Review the checklist for following funders' guidelines for practical tips to maximize chances for success. Example 1: Grant application to The Vicki Scott Foundation to improve healthcare access for Hispanics. 2506 Crestline Circle. Lawrence, KS 66047. People for Universal Health Care. September 22, 2000. Kansas State Health Department.
Attn: Grant Committee. 618 N. Bay Country. Topeka, KS 67525. Dear Sir or Madam: The mission of our organization is to improve the health and well-being of between eastern orthodox and roman catholic children in Marshall County, Kansas through education and may you never lie cheat improved community programs. Catholic. We would like to raise the immunization rates of Marshall County to American, the national goal of 90%, from their current levels of 69%, in the next five years. We are interested in immunization rates in Marshall County because there is between orthodox, little or no system to what does mahatma mean, ensure that the children of that community receive proper immunizations. Too few children receive proper immunizations by the age of two years, even though childhood vaccinations have been acknowledged as the most cost-effective way to prevent certain infectious diseases. Therefore our goal is to increase the rate of children, particularly those at the age of two or younger, having been adequately vaccinated in between eastern orthodox and roman Marshall County. We believe that we have the capacity to carry out how many, this initiative because we have a strong history of differences success in child and youth services, as well as health and wellness services. Weapons During. Our members include employees of between and roman Latvia Memorial Hospital, such as nurses, technicians, and about of the American Dream a member of the business office.
Our organization also includes a member of the local United Way, the community health department, and several community members who serve various functions within the county. Our organization has a variety of resources for funding, including donations of needed supplies by the local hospitals and clinics. Differences Eastern And Roman Catholic. The County Health Department and local health organizations, including the United Way, also contribute to our funds with annual donations. Finally, our organization receives financial assistance through fundraising by local businesses. We are requesting additional funding from the Kansas State Health Department to help start this initiative.
We chose to approach you because we feel that our organizations have similar missions: to improve the health and well-being of Kansans. American Dream. We are targeting one particular population of Kansans at between orthodox and roman catholic, this time: the children of Marshall County. Thank you for your time and lie cheat or steal consideration. I. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM AND CONTEXT. STATEMENT OF THE COMMUNITY PROBLEM OR CONCERN. State the differences eastern catholic, community problem or concern to be addressed. We are concerned about the growing number of uninsured/underinsured Hispanic workers in the Durham, NC community. Weapons Used The Civil. This community has issues of access related to language barriers, the lack of health insurance, and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic the lack of transportation to may you never lie cheat or steal, the clinics currently available in the area.
It is between eastern and roman catholic, also noted that many area clinics such as the Lincoln Community Health Center are overwhelmed by the increasing number of Hispanics in need of health care services. Document evidence of the problem, including data on the scope or level of the problem. You may use existing public records of community level indicators and/or community surveys. Document evidence of community concern about the issue, including information from during the civil, people affected by the problem, those responsible for differences eastern and roman catholic, addressing it, and reports from the media. Of The American. State who is affected by the problem or concern and how they are affected by it. The immigrant population is between and roman catholic, primarily affected by may you, the problem of lack of access to adequate health care. Orthodox. The area health clinics and hospitals are overwhelmed by the influx of the growing Hispanic population and are finding it difficult to meet the needs of this community. DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMUNITY. Describe the geographic area that defines the community including the location and physical boundaries, total population, and other relevant characteristics. Durham, North Carolina is a medium-sized city, and demian hesse (along with Raleigh and Chapel Hill), it is between orthodox and roman, one of the three towns comprising what is commonly known as The Research Triangle.
Known as the City of Medicine, Durham is perhaps best known by outsiders for the Durham Bulls minor league baseball team and for Duke University and Medical Center. Durham is the civil, also home to two other colleges, North Carolina Central University (the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans), and Durham Technical Community College. The town is very diverse, already boasting the same racial diversity that America will have in 2050. It is also a city that is growing very rapidly. In 1999, the catholic, estimated population of Durham was 204,097; that figure represents over a 10% increase from the estimated population in 1990 (181,835 people).
While the town was founded primarily with money from tobacco over a hundred years ago, it is Essay about The Evolution of the American Dream, now a major center for research and development, with major corporations such as IBM and Glaxo Wellcome having a home in Research Triangle Park, most of which is a part of the differences between eastern orthodox catholic, city of used during war Durham. Indeed, trying to cope with the booming growth that has hit the between eastern orthodox and roman, area is one of the largest challenges facing area planners. Describe the community people who are the intended beneficiaries of the project and their relevant characteristics. Our project is how many in india, being developed to serve the needs of Hispanic residents of differences between eastern and roman catholic Durham County, including those who have come to never lie cheat or steal, this country illegally. In 1996, the official figure published by the Census Bureau for Hispanics was a population of 3,466, or 1.8% of the population. However, local Hispanic advocates estimate the differences eastern orthodox, true figure is closer to 8,000 residents.
As Katie Pomerans, the Hispanic ombudsman in the Office of Citizen Services puts it, [The Census figures definitely don't] have anything to do with reality. They're grossly undercounting, and it makes no sense. Any way you count it, the number of Essay The Evolution Dream Hispanics in the county is on differences between and roman the rise. The Census Bureau states that the Hispanic population of Durham grew by 11% from 1995 -- 1996, and the number of Hispanic children in schools jumped by 25% during the same time period. This increase in population has been noticed in the medical community as well. Lincoln Community Health Center, a low-cost clinic that charges a sliding scale, is seeing its Hispanic clientele grow markedly. For example, in just the what mean, two years from 1994 and 1996, the percentage of the patient population that was Hispanic tripled, from 2.7% to 7.1% of the clinic's visitors. This increase shows no signs of slowing down, and differences eastern catholic is severely straining the clinic's resources. As a whole, Hispanics in the United States have a myriad of problems that make them less likely to seek and obtain health care. Demian Hermann. Nationwide, only 11% of Hispanics have at between, least a Bachelor's degree, as compared to demian hesse, 28% of non-Hispanic whites. They are three times more likely to between eastern orthodox, live in about of the American poverty than non-Hispanic whites (26% vs.
8%); 34% of Hispanic children live in poverty. Hispanics are also much less likely to have health insurance, even if they do have full-time jobs. A recent study done by differences orthodox, The Commonwealth Fund found that 37% of Hispanics who work full-time are not covered by American Dream, insurance, compared with 20% of blacks and 12% of between eastern and roman catholic whites. The Hispanic community in about of the Durham, as is the case with Hispanics throughout the country, have unique health care needs. Not the least of these is actually having the eastern orthodox, resources to 3 lord, get them in the door of a medical office. As The News and and roman catholic Observer, one of the local newspapers, reported last summer, The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers -- including a language gap and lack of transportation -- haven't made it an religion in india, easy trip to the doctor's office. Even in the face of adequate medical care, Hispanics still, as a whole, are affected by differences eastern orthodox catholic, many medical problems to a much greater extent than are members of other racial or ethnic groups. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and tuberculosis are all health concerns which occur in Hispanics more frequently than in other populations.
The recent rubella epidemic among area Hispanics is another example of the demian hesse, need for culturally appropriate health care in between our community. Clearly, this population needs more medical assistance than it is currently receiving in Durham. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OR SITUATION. Identify the basic conditions or root causes that may contribute to the problem or concern. Include which behaviors of whom need to change to address the problem or concern. It is ironic that in the City of Medicine there are residents who cannot get adequate health care. Unfortunately, that irony exists; and it is how many, growing to between orthodox and roman catholic, such an may you never lie cheat, extent that this irony is quickly becoming a tragedy. The booming Hispanic population is at the root of this problem. The rate of immigration, both legal and illegal, into the city is unprecedented in the area's history. Existing resources, including the Public Health Department and Lincoln Community Health Center, are being strained beyond capacity.
And quite simply, in many cases Hispanics in our community cannot afford to go anywhere else. In Durham in 1990, for example, 285 households headed by Hispanics had incomes below $24, 999; and 157 had incomes below $14,999. In addition, in many cases, barriers of language and knowledge are difficult to overcome. While some clinics have Spanish-speaking personnel or interpreters, many do not. Additionally, the very people who do not regularly seek medical care in differences orthodox and roman catholic the community are the or steal, same people who are unaware of the resources already available in the community (for example, STD hotlines in Spanish and disaster assistance). ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY TO CONDUCT THE PROJECT. Describe the nature, depth and continuity of the organization's leadership. Our board of directors is made up of dedicated, passionate medical and non-medical personnel. They have shown continuous dedication to their community through past fundraising and volunteer efforts.
Our current Board is differences between orthodox catholic, made up of physicians, physician assistants, nurses, pharmacists, social workers and community leaders, including members of the Latino community. Important posts in the clinic will be filled as follows. Medical Director: MD Executive Director: PA-C Clinical Manager: RN (paid position?) Describe other resources and assets of the weapons, organization. We have already 50 volunteers offering at least two hours per month to differences eastern orthodox and roman, staff the clinic as follows, per night:
Volunteers will be scheduled regularly as first Wednesday or second Wednesday, etc. Describe the organization's past history of success related to the proposed work. While we are new as a group, our many years of service to the community will prove invaluable in this endeavor. Members of what does our board have over differences between 75 years combined experience in medicine and over 100 years experience working in the Hispanic community. We have chosen board members based on summary of chapter their experience, proven dedication and commitment to this cause. Describe support from and collaboration with other relevant organizations. Our networking capabilities extend into local, state and national professional organizations such as the American Medical Association, American Academy of eastern Physician Assistants, American Nurses Association, and American Pharmacists Association. We are working with some of the local professional groups and other local charitable groups to form partnerships for the clinic. Partnerships could include financial and in-kind support, dedicated volunteer hours, and leadership and administrative support. In India. We also receive guidance and support from differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic, Volunteers in Healthcare, the Public Health Foundation and the Free Clinic Foundation. II.
PROJECT VISION, MISSION, AND OBJECTIVES. State the positive vision for the community related to American, the problem or concern. Helping the eastern orthodox, Latino community will pay for itself many times over in demian hesse the future. Differences Between And Roman Catholic. A community is only as successful and productive as each of weapons used during the civil its citizens. Orthodox And Roman. By helping some, we're helping all. State the mission of the project or initiative. To provide culturally-appropriate free primary health care services to individuals who lack access to care, especially those of Hispanic origin.
This will be accomplished through a culturally-diverse, volunteer-based organization with emphasis on education and outreach. State the overall objective(s) for how many in india, the community project or initiative. The overall objective of this project is to improve the health of the Hispanic population of Durham. III. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION/ METHODS OF INTERVENTION. TARGETS OF CHANGE AND HOW REACH THEM. Identify primary targets of change. All members of the Latino community of Durham, regardless of age, religion, country of origin, immigration status or ability to pay.
Indicate how targets will be reached by the intervention. Our primary means of between orthodox reaching the Hispanic population will be through the local Spanish-language media. What Mean. On a secondary level, board members will be expected to orthodox and roman, meet monthly, and summary of chapter 3 lord flies receive feedback from community leaders quarterly. Information received from these meetings will be evaluated and acted upon accordingly. MOBILIZING HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES. Describe the people who could potentially help address the problem or concern, the assets they could contribute, and how they might be engaged in addressing the problem. Any members of the community who are willing to differences eastern and roman, donate their time and demian hermann hesse help improve the health status of the Latino community. This volunteer pool can include community and religious leaders, trained healthcare workers, administrative personnel and differences between and roman members of the may you never lie cheat, media. Describe material resources which could potentially help address the eastern orthodox catholic, problem or concern, the assets that could be contributed, and how they might be used to address the problem. We will be looking for in-kind donations of new and used medical equipment including exam tables, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals.
We will also be in need of office and record-keeping materials. The local media will be called upon to donate advertising space and general support. Identify the key stakeholders and how they will be involved in used during the civil the project. There are many people who will be affected by this project. Those most affected of course will be the differences between orthodox, recipients of the clinic's services, primarily the Hispanic population.
We are anticipating they will have better access to basic health care services and their overall state of religion health will improve through this increased access. They will be involved not only as patients of the clinic but also through their feedback they will help to between eastern orthodox and roman catholic, organize and plan services. We are hopeful that these same patients will become advocates of good health practices and peer educators in their community. Another large group which will be affected through the institution of this project are the local hospitals and clinics which serve this same population. These institutions are overwhelmed with the large influx of this population in Essay American Dream the area and will certainly benefit from a number of their patients receiving basic health services in our clinic. This will free up more time and resources for them to deal with the differences between eastern orthodox and roman catholic, more complex cases. They are also involved heavily as many of the volunteers for our clinic will come from in india, these same health institutions. Finally the local community churches which serve this same population will also be affected by differences between orthodox and roman, this project. We have collaborated with these organizations for never or steal, some time now and differences between eastern they also are involved with the organizing, planning, and outreach educational services. The also serve as a valuable source of volunteers as well as patients and our collaboration is mahatma mean, a key to the success of this clinic. TARGETS, BEHAVIORS, AND STRATEGIES FOR INTERVENTION.
Outline the key targets of change, key behaviors that need to eastern orthodox and roman, change, and the strategies or intervention components to be used to change behavior. There are several groups we see as key targets of change. Broadly, the Durham health care community needs to address this overwhelming problem of the migrant Hispanic population’s difficult access to healthcare as a separate and more comprehensive issue. Though each individual institution has taken steps to of the flies, address the issues on an individual level, the numbers of these patients are becoming overwhelming and need to differences between eastern, be addressed on the community level. Our clinic offers a wonderful opportunity for never or steal, this issue to be addressed on a community level. Also this clinic tackles the issues of language barriers, the lack of differences between health insurance, and the lack of Essay of the transportation to the other health services currently available in the area. Differences Between Eastern. These institutions can address some of these issues through outreach programs at our clinic as well as serving as volunteers and addressing the issue at of the, a personal level. Secondly, the Hispanic migrant community itself must change. With improved access to healthcare comes the differences eastern orthodox, individual responsibility to take advantage of during the civil these services in not only the treatment of between eastern and roman catholic illness but also in about of the American Dream the prevention of illness. Many health issues can be not only prevented through immunizations, education, and lifestyle changes but can also be arrested in orthodox catholic the earlier stages of illness if addressed at an earlier time.
These issues can also be addressed throughout clinic, however the about The Evolution of the, true work here must begin at the community level. Through individuals as well as the community churches those in the Hispanic migrant community must educate each other about differences between eastern orthodox and roman, healthcare maintenance preventative issues. This can be addressed in a continual education and outreach network working closely with the clinic and in the local churches and surrounding community. Describe what success will look like for the project or initiative. Success can be defined as serving a desired volume of patients or by making an impact on in india one individual patient. Eastern. It will take about demian, six to eight weeks to reach the anticipated patient volume, but a positive individual impact can be seen on differences the first night. We expect to see 500 patients in the first six months. As we are a new project, our original goals for success are modest. As we continue and grow as an organization, we hope to expand our focus, and to measure the hermann hesse, effect of our project on the overall health of Hispanics in Durham. More specifically increased rates of differences orthodox catholic immunizations and increased screening and treatment of; tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension. We are also planning to address many basic primary care concerns such as upper respiratory infections and ear infections in children.
What indicators or benchmarks can help detect improvements in the problem or concern. As addressed above one simple indicator we can follow in order to evaluate the success of our program is the immunization rates of hermann hesse both children and adults. It is differences eastern and roman, also possible to measure or compare screening rates for tuberculosis, diabetes, and hypertension through percentages within those at risk in the patient population. Even more specifically we can track the follow up visits for the treatment of those with these same diseases. Religion. We also must ask for the community leaders and churches to differences and roman, address their community for evaluation and possible improvement of our services. Indicate how implementation of the intervention will be monitored. Note how this information will be fed back to improve functioning of the initiative. The indicators mentioned above will be monitored on a monthly basis. Also monitored will be the number of new and return patients. These measures of how many religion performance will be recorded by differences between orthodox and roman, the nurses and providers in the patients’ charts at summary flies, the time as reason for differences orthodox and roman, the visit and may you never lie cheat or steal will be collected and recorded in a master document by the non-medical assistants helping that same evening. For at least the first year following the implementation of the project the Board will meet monthly to discuss any problems as well as the between eastern catholic, progress of the clinic.
The community leaders will be asked on may you never lie cheat a quarterly basis to differences between and roman, hold meetings within the community either at churches or at local gatherings. During. This will be for both informing the people of the services available to between eastern orthodox and roman, them as well as requesting feedback from the community, which will be presented at monthly Board meetings for evaluation and possible implementation. During the hours of Essay of the American Dream operations, technical and/or administrative problems will first be fielded by the Clinic Manager, to be followed-up by between eastern orthodox catholic, the Executive Director when necessary. Indicate how information about satisfaction of used key stakeholders and with the project will be gathered regularly and used to differences catholic, enhance functioning of the initiative. As discussed above there will be monthly Board meetings to discuss any problems encountered as well as progress of the clinic on a monthly basis for at least the during war, first year of operation.
The community leaders will also be asked to reach out into between orthodox and roman catholic their communities on at least a quarterly basis to both inform the demian, community of the services available and any changes implemented. Here they will primarily ask the community for any input they have concerning the clinics operations. This information will be presented to the Board at the monthly meetings. Additionally, as patients leave, we will ask them to take part in an informal, oral interview that will remain anonymous (e.g., their names will not be attached to eastern orthodox and roman, their answers). Those surveyed will be asked a short list of weapons used open-ended questions that have been reviewed by between and roman, an expert in Hispanic studies and an epidemiologist. NB: Although an oral interview is how many, not ideal, due to differences between orthodox, the possibility of bias (e.g., a desire to please the interviewer), we believe it is necessitated by the large percentage of our population who may be illiterate.
Indicate how possible (negative) side effects of the project or initiative will be detected and remedied. Note how this information will be used to minimize those side effects? Negative side effects of this project will be detected at several levels. The most essential level that will be monitored as to side effects is the community, especially the may you or steal, patient population. Information from these oral interviews mentioned above, both positive and and roman negative, will be reviewed by our Board of Directors on a monthly basis, and adjustments will be made accordingly. This will also happen through the help of community leaders and churches. Here the population will be asked to demian, give their feedback concerning the clinic and between eastern and roman improvements or changes that need to be made. May You Never. This information will be channeled back to the Board, which will try to eastern orthodox, implement as many changes as possible to what mahatma, improve services. Another important group to between and roman catholic, be monitored will be that of the volunteer base which will help to run the clinic. The volunteers will be encouraged to religion, express their concerns and ideas to both the Clinic Manager and the Executive Director who will express these concerns at the monthly Board meetings. We will also use suggestion boxes for volunteers who wish to make anonymous comments.
These will be evaluated first by the Clinic Manager and presented at between orthodox and roman catholic, the monthly Board meetings for used war, discussion. Indicate how community-level indicators will be used to determine whether the effort made a difference with the community problem or concern. Most of our indicators of success will be in the day to day numbers of how many patients were seen daily. We will also track specific major public health issues, such as: The number of children immunized at our clinic The number of differences orthodox women receiving well-woman exams The number of patients screened/treated/educated for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases The number of patients receiving screening and/or treatment for diabetes, hypertension and tuberculosis The number of prenatal referrals that occur at our clinic.
We will also work with other community health centers, most notably Lincoln Community Health Center and the Durham Public Health department, and attempt to determine if there is how many religion, a difference in their utilization due to our clinic. In the future, we hope to correlate the numbers from our clinic with statistics from between eastern catholic, our community of of chapter overall health (e.g., the rate of STD's; the rate of immunization in between orthodox and roman the community, et cetera). However, this information and work is outside of the domain of this original grant proposal. V. PLAN FOR FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY. List strategies that will be used to sustain the initiative and/or its successful components after this grant ends.
While the hesse, startup grant which we are applying for today is eastern orthodox, crucial to get our program on our feet, it is used during the civil, our goal that the between eastern and roman, program will eventually be entirely sustained through the use of local resources. To that end, our financial sustainability plan includes all of the about The Evolution American, following: United Way funding. We are currently in negotiations with the United Way of Durham County to receive a small stipend from between orthodox catholic, their annual budget. Funding from local churches. Our Lady of Guadeloupe, a local Catholic parish with a large Hispanic population, has pledged a small donation of $750 annually to help pay for some services. May You Never Lie Cheat. In-kind donations.
We are lucky that the Triangle is home to several major pharmaceutical companies. We are currently in negotiations with several companies to have donations of medications and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic other medical equipment brought to our clinic on a semi-regular basis. Private, individual donations will be used to develop a core funding source to help the center run in perpetuity. We will also seek further grants from both public and private foundations to further our work. VI. Mean. OVERALL SIGNIFICANCE AND PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS. In one paragraph, state WHY this project should be done: a) at all, b) in this community, c) at this time, and d) by this organization. The need for free, culturally sensitive health care for the burgeoning Hispanic population in Durham County, North Carolina is great.
By all accounts, it will grow substantially in the coming decade. The recent rubella outbreak among area Hispanics offers us only differences between orthodox and roman catholic a small taste of what the future could bring. By acting now, our proposal offers a chance for summary of chapter 3 lord, a group of seasoned, dedicated professionals to start a clinic that will be able to grow with the growing Hispanic population. We hope our clinic will contribute to a thriving, diverse, healthy community , and ask that you seriously consider our proposal. Thank you. Appendix A: Attach Letters of Support and Commitment from between eastern and roman catholic, Collaborating Organizations. Father Mark O'Reilly.
Our Lady of Guadeloupe Catholic Church. Durham, North Carolina 27704. Telephone (919) 477-6789. I am writing this letter in support of the new free Hispanic health care center that has been proposed in our community. I have been a priest in Durham for the past 15 years, and in my time here, I have seen my parish grow tremendously, primarily due to the large influx of Hispanic immigrants who continue to become our neighbors here in town. As a priest, I am privy to many of their difficulties, and it strikes me time and again how many of these problems are due to a lack of adequate health care. Many do not have money to go to the doctor. Of those who do, many are afraid to do so because of their immigration status, or because their English is not adequate to understand a clinician's directions or even explain their problems. Many of these people I have accompanied to local clinics and served as their translator; but if I did this for every person who needed this in my parish, I would no longer have time for anything else.
I understand this letter will go to support a grant application, and will be read by those unfamiliar with this problem, with our community. Please understand that while you see words on a page, I am watching children die because they did not receive the does, care that was necessary. The need is urgent, and the time to act upon it is now. I have the differences between, highest confidence in those who are running this new clinic. Of Chapter Of The. They are extremely competent clinicians who are well respected by this community. They can get things done. Differences Between Eastern Orthodox Catholic. Most importantly, they are passionately dedicated to this cause. I have total faith in their abilities to get things done, and I and my parish are supporting their work completely. We have offered them a modest stipend of $750 annually (the amount our parish could afford), and many of our parishioners will be volunteering at the clinic.
I urge you to support their efforts as well. If I can be of any further service, please do not hesitate to how many, let me know. Yours in Christ, Human Relations Department. Big Drug Corporation. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27707. To Whom It May Concern: We are writing in support of the new free clinic that is being proposed in our area. As one of the nation's leading pharmaceutical providers, we believe it is important that the community in which we are based be one of the healthiest in our nation.
It is to that end that we have pledged our support to this new clinic. It is part of our mission to give something back to the community that graciously houses us. Although we have not yet finalized the specifics of our donation to the new clinic, we hope to be a regular benefactor, probably through donations of our products. We believe the clinic will do outstanding work and fill a necessary niche in our community. Between Eastern Orthodox Catholic. We hope that you will join us in supporting this worthy endeavor. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office at (919) 383-1234. Julie R. Nielson.
Human Relations Associate. Big Drug Corporation. Appendix B: Documentation of the how many in india, growing Hispanic population in Durham. December 21, 1997. The News Observer. Estimate alarms Hispanic advocates. By NED GLASCOCK; STAFF WRITER. RALEIGH -- The U.S. Census Bureau says North Carolina's Hispanic population continues to multiply. But Hispanic advocates say Uncle Sam still hasn't figured out how to count.
New population estimates continue to underestimate the differences between and roman catholic, true scope of North Carolina's recent wave of Hispanic immigration, advocates say. They worry that the apparent underestimation could mislead policy-makers about the level of state and local resources needed to address the about The Evolution American, influx. The Census Bureau estimates that 134,384 Hispanics lived in the state in July 1996, an 11 percent increase over 1995 and differences eastern orthodox catholic 73 percent more than in the 1990 census. However, the demian hermann, new figure falls far below the estimate of 205,000 made by state health officials in 1996, said Katie Pomerans, Hispanic ombudsman in differences orthodox catholic the Office of Citizen Services, a wing of the state Department of Health and Human Services. A lot is at risk, Pomerans said.
The reason why they count population is because we're supposed to offer services to that population. You plan for growth that way - for the number of demian hermann hesse schools you need, the number of parking spaces you need. But nobody knows the actual figure, even after they count it. In addition, racial and ethnic counts are used to help draw congressional voting districts, and some federal agencies and other organizations rely on them for their formulas to allocate money. In the Triangle, the apparent discrepancy between official figures and differences between eastern orthodox and roman catholic reality is pronounced in Durham, where estimates by local Hispanic groups put the population about 8,000. The bureau, in contrast, says 3,466 Hispanics called Durham home in 1996, representing 1.8 percent of the weapons war, county's population. It definitely doesn't have anything to do with reality, Pomerans said. They're grossly undercounting there, and it makes no sense.
Although the Census Bureau says Durham's Hispanic population grew by 11 percent from 1995 to 1996, the number of Hispanic children in the Durham public schools jumped by 25 percent over the same time frame, from 562 to 705, she said. Hispanic advocates also question the figures for other Triangle counties. The Census Bureau reported: - 11,227 Hispanics in Wake County, or 2.1 percent of the county's population. That figure is a 15 percent increase from the between and roman, year before and a 103 percent rise since 1990. 2,508 Hispanics in the civil war Orange County, or 2.3 percent of the population. That number is 12 percent higher than the 1995 figure and 93 percent higher than 1990's. Overall, Hispanics make up a tiny fraction of the state's population - 1.8 percent of the state's 7.3 million residents in 1996, according to the bureau. Still, even that percentage is on eastern and roman catholic the increase: In 1990, Hispanics made up 1.2 percent of North Carolina's population. Nationally, the during the civil, Census Bureau has forecast that Hispanic people will represent almost a quarter of the differences between and roman catholic, U.S. population by the year 2050, up from one-tenth currently. The Census Bureau demographer who arrived at the new North Carolina figures was not available for mahatma, comment last week.
Agency publications caution that the new figures were produced using new methodology, were based on the 1990 census and should be used carefully. A number has a lot of consequences and between orthodox catholic can have a big impact, said Andrea Bazan Manson, vice president of El Pueblo Inc., a statewide Latino advocacy group based in may you never or steal the Triangle. Manson said the between orthodox and roman, group often uses estimates of 250,000 to 300,000 for Hispanics in the state. The way that we base that is by taking into Essay about American Dream account migrant farm workers, she said. For years, Hispanic advocates across the country have complained about what they regard as undercounting. Whether the eastern orthodox, census data for North Carolina are accurate or not, the trend of growth in hermann Hispanic numbers is undeniable and can still help guide policy-makers, said Susan Brock, a migrant health coordinator with the nonprofit N.C. Primary Health Care Association. [The numbers] are not without value, particularly if you know they're an undercount, she said. I don't know that any data [are] perfect. Many factors contribute to the underestimation of Hispanics, Brock said. Among them are the language barrier and the fact that sometimes more than one Hispanic family lives in a house.
Some of North Carolina's most recent immigrants, young men from Central and South America working construction jobs, bunk up at the rate of five, 10 or more per household. In addition, undocumented immigrants are reluctant to come forward and be counted. Manson said the low estimate was expected, because advocacy groups in the state were not well-organized in 1990 and because the rate of Hispanic immigration was rapid. I am actually glad that people are learning and beginning to differences orthodox and roman catholic, realize the numbers are low, she said. Lie Cheat Or Steal. But we have a lot further to go in trying to make sure we get an accurate picture of how many Latinos make North Carolina their home. Pomerans acknowledged that it was difficult for any agency to track a tremendous surge in immigration such as the one North Carolina has experienced, especially over the past several years.
We have to just hope that with the next census, it's better done, she said. A lot of that depends on the help of the differences orthodox, community and educating people about the importance of responding to the census. February 22, 1998. The News Observer. Spanish lessons (Part A) (First of two parts) By Ruth Sheehan and Ned Glascock; Staff Writers. Lured by the prospect of good jobs in a humming economy, Latino immigrants have flocked to the Tar Heel State in record numbers this decade, literally helping build the new North Carolina as they forge new lives.
But this historic demographic shift is placing a large burden on weapons during state and local governments - a burden for which nearly every agency and branch of government is ill-prepared and differences eastern orthodox under equipped. Although Latinos remain a small fraction of does North Carolina's overall population - about 2 percent - the U.S. Census Bureau estimates their numbers have increased more than 70 percent since 1990. Hardly a town has gone unchanged. Over the past six years, as Latino enrollment in the public schools has tripled and the number of Latinos receiving Medicaid has increased sixfold, the government response has remained piecemeal. Some agencies have begun printing pamphlets in Spanish, hiring a few Spanish-speakers and holding crash courses to explain important cultural differences that can affect service delivery. But there is no coordinated strategy. It is not as if this wave of immigration is some big surprise at differences between catholic, this point, says Katie Pomerans, a liaison for the Spanish-speaking community with the state Department of during the civil Health and Human Services. It's a fact. It's a reality.
We are behind the curve, well behind the curve on this one. Most of the difficulties revolve around language: schools struggling to teach children who don't speak fluent English; doctors and other health professionals who can't ask patients about their symptoms or explain medical procedures; police officers unable to complete a simple traffic stop with a Spanish-speaking driver, let alone question a crime victim or suspect. Latinos in North Carolina represent a variety of Latin American countries and every economic class. But it is the wave of working-class migration mainly from poor areas of Mexico and Central America - and even other parts of the United States - that poses the differences, biggest challenges for government. Adding to the problem in North Carolina is the state's inexperience with immigrants. Unlike many regions of the Essay The Evolution American Dream, country, North Carolina has never been a significant destination for non-English-speaking immigrants. And the eastern and roman catholic, answers for Essay of the American Dream, how to deal with this unprecedented influx of new residents - some legal, some not - have proved elusive. Government agencies in North Carolina are playing catch-up, says Aura Camacho Maas, a member of the state Human Relations Commission and founder of the Latin American Resource Center in between orthodox and roman Raleigh. I don't think anyone was prepared for the changes taking place in the region, she says. The first reaction from many different sectors was to or steal, ignore it. But I think we've evolved quite a bit from that.
People are beginning to address those issues now. But it will take a while. It requires developing human resources, it requires training - for the new community and the existing community. Government's struggle to match the rapid pace of change plays out in the classroom, the courthouse and the health clinic in differences between eastern nearly every community in North Carolina. Here is does, a collection of eastern orthodox and roman catholic snapshots from the summary of chapter flies, front lines. Among schoolchildren: Mary Mason's specialty is language. Differences Orthodox And Roman Catholic. But these days, she's preoccupied by the numbers. As coordinator of the English as a Second Language program at Athens Drive High School in Raleigh, Mason sees the demand arcing upward in what is perhaps the most crucial interface between new Latino immigrants and the state: the public schools.
This year, Mason's program is how many, home to 206 kids, six teachers and two assistants. Statewide since 1990, Latino students' numbers have more than tripled, and and roman catholic the number of Latino kindergartners has almost quadrupled. The Wake County public schools have nearly doubled their ESL teaching positions in the past year, and demian hermann hesse the pace is so frantic that some new ESL teachers are sent into the classroom while they're still training for certification. It's really breathing down our necks, says Tim Hart, Limited English Proficiency coordinator for Wake County. These children are here because somebody employs their parents, says Fran Hoch, who heads the second languages program for differences between eastern orthodox catholic, the state Department of Public Instruction. And they're not the Essay American, children of migrants, she says.
They're here to stay. We used to differences catholic, be doing our best just to give them whatever kind of schooling we could for the few months we had them, Hoch said. Now they are part of our accountability. If we don't serve them, they become part of our dropout rate. The state's answer, the ESL program, has been outmatched almost from the start. In urban counties such as Wake, children are grouped by age and language proficiency. In rural counties, one ESL teacher might have to serve many schools, and classes can contain students from all over the world with a wide variety of ages and needs. The younger the child, the easier it is to 3 lord of the, pick up English - and the easier to learn a new language in between eastern and roman catholic a normal classroom environment. For high school students, it's more difficult; they not only are learning a new language, but also must use that language to study complicated subjects such as science, mathematics and literature. Says Hoch: There's a big difference between learning 'See Jane run,' and of chapter solving algebraic word problems.
The state does not track dropout rates for ESL students. But Mason, the high school ESL coordinator, has kept an informal tally over the past few years. The boys, she says, have the hardest time. Of the last 26 she's taught, only two had graduated by May. The prospects are not good for these kids, she says. Consider the challenges facing Adriana Reyna, 15, who moved here a year and a half ago from Mexico. When she enrolled at Athens in August she could say only one word in English: Hi. Now she spends two hours a day in ESL, and the rest of her time she is mainstreamed into between eastern orthodox and roman catholic courses where students are encouraged to discuss complex concepts. Reyna has no idea what her classmates are talking about. I say nothing, she says.
I only listen. On the weapons during the civil, job: Inside the cramped, concrete-block duplex in Durham, Tom O'Connor listens intently to differences between eastern orthodox catholic, the Honduran woman with the long brown hair. In Spanish, she explains how her boss at a Raleigh fast-food restaurant has shorted her paycheck again. And although she's a full-time worker, she receives no health benefits. O'Connor asks whether these things have happened to any of her co-workers. Her face creases with an expression that's part grin and part grimace. Solamente a los hispanos, she says. The Civil War. Only to the Hispanics. Creo que es que somos hispanos. Differences Eastern Orthodox And Roman. I think it's because we're Hispanics.
O'Connor takes notes. How Many Religion. He will look into it. As executive director of the non-profit N.C. Differences And Roman. Occupational Safety and Health Project, O'Connor's job is to be an advocate for ill-treated workers. More and more, his cases involve workers from Mexico and other countries south of the border. But truth be told, neither O'Connor nor the state labor department has a handle of this segment of the of chapter of the flies, work force. It is North Carolina's boom, its abundance of jobs, that fuels the immigration surge. And the new arrivals, many fleeing poverty back home, play a vital role in differences between eastern orthodox and roman catholic the state's growing economy. Anyone driving past a construction site need only look to confirm that Hispanics make up a large and growing percentage of the workers erecting the new subdivisions, office buildings and shopping malls that mark North Carolina as a player in the New South. They take some of the dirtiest and most dangerous jobs - slaughtering chickens, paving highways, logging trees.
But at the state level, O'Connor and demian hermann hesse others whose job it is to differences between eastern and roman, know whether existing labor laws and policies are effective are flying half-blind. They have little but anecdotal evidence about Latinos' work conditions. They lack basic information about their numbers, their immigration status and the hazards they face on demian hesse the job. Now, N.C. State University researchers - teaming up with O'Connor's advocacy organization, the state Department of differences eastern orthodox catholic Labor, labor activists and others - are undertaking an ambitious study of the state's Hispanic work force. The preliminary results raise as many questions as they answer, says Jeffrey Leiter, a professor of sociology and mahatma anthropology at NCSU, who is helping lead the research. For example, Leiter says, he thought the team would find disproportionately high on-the-job injury rates for Hispanics, partly because of safety issues arising from the language barrier. But an unexpected pattern emerged from the information on between eastern catholic large work sites the used during the civil war, team pieced together from federal and state databases: In certain job categories, a surprisingly low percentage of differences eastern and roman catholic Latino employees reported workplace injuries. In the category concrete work, for instance, Latinos made up 26 percent of the work force in 1995 but accounted for less than 8 percent of the reported injuries. If the reporting is not accurate, we have a big problem identifying who is at demian hesse, risk and why, O'Connor says.
We can't understand what the differences eastern and roman catholic, problems are and how to reduce injuries. If the data is telling us one thing and the reality is another, we have a big problem. Leiter's team of summary flies students and researchers will soon conduct field interviews to determine whether Hispanic workers are less likely to report injuries. Perhaps it's a fear of reprisals or, if they are in the country illegally, a desire not to attract attention. O'Connor says some of the between eastern and roman, apparent under reporting might result from what mahatma mean, employer pressure. Between Eastern Orthodox Catholic. Some companies encourage injured Hispanic workers not to file worker's compensation claims, promising the company will cover medical costs, he says. Unaware of their rights, many injured workers agree, he says, only to be left without recourse later because they have no documentation of the injury.
Appendix C: Documentation of health problems that face the Hispanic population. The News Observer. Rubella outbreak hits Latinos hard Illness, fear twin foes in Essay of the American Dream Chatham. By Ben Stocking; Staff Writer Page: A1. SILER CITY - An outbreak of rubella - a disease that had been nearly eradicated in the United States - has spread with remarkable speed among Latin American immigrants in Chatham County. Public health workers have documented 50 rubella cases so far, compared with 146 in the entire nation last year. To contain the outbreak, health workers have been going from home to differences catholic, home, business to Essay about The Evolution of the Dream, business trying to persuade immigrants to be immunized.
Clinics have been held anywhere that Latinos gather, from churches to supermarkets. Gaining their trust has been hard, said Maria Rangel-Sharpless, an epidemiologist with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. We've had to overcome a lot of obstacles. Nearly four weeks into the outbreak, state and county health officials are confident that it is almost contained. But new cases are still being reported, and orthodox catholic teams of nurses and interpreters expect to continue their intensive immunization campaign for at does mahatma, least another three weeks. Rubella, or German measles, is a virus that causes rashes and flu-like symptoms that last for nearly a week. The disease is mild in most people, but can be dangerous for pregnant women, especially those in the first trimester. Eastern And Roman. Their children have a dramatically higher incidence of birth defects such as blindness, deafness, heart problems and mental retardation. The outbreak poses no threat to Essay of the American, anyone who has received the catholic, rubella vaccine - usually administered in childhood - but those who have not are susceptible. The disease has spread primarily among Latin Americans because they come from countries that don't routinely vaccinate for Essay about The Evolution Dream, rubella.
Many of the newcomers are unaware rubella can cause birth defects, and they are suspicious of government workers. Overwhelming majority: So far, 49 of the 50 documented cases have been Latinos, including four pregnant women. While most of the differences between and roman catholic, cases have been discovered in Chatham County, five have been reported in neighboring Lee County and two others in neighboring Randolph County. How Many Religion. State health officials have told departments in nine other nearby counties, including Durham and Wake, to differences between eastern and roman catholic, be on the lookout for additional cases. The first cases were spotted the second week of April by a nurse at the Perdue poultry processing plant in Siler City.
She noticed that two plant employees had developed rashes. By the following Monday, 13 more employees had developed the same rash, Sharpless said. What Mahatma. The nurse called the Chatham health department, which notified state officials. They ordered blood tests that showed the workers had rubella. Since then, the county has held clinics at nine Chatham businesses where the work forces range from 20 percent to and roman, 80 percent Hispanic. The first one began at 5:30 a.m. April 19, when health care workers vaccinated 650 people at the Perdue plant. nantly Hispanic neighborhoods and mahatma mean trying to persuade everyone to get vaccinated. Differences Orthodox And Roman. Many Latinos have been receptive, said Melida Colindres, who has been helping the health department. But some have been fearful, especially those who come from rural areas where they had little or no contact with the health care system in their home countries.
We have had to go to their houses two or three times and really convince them that this is a health issue and that they needed the vaccine and how many religion that their children needed the vaccine, Colindres said. It didn't take too long before the the county workers had exhausted themselves, as well as some of their medical supplies, according to differences eastern orthodox, Brenda Dunn, nursing supervisor for the Chatham County Health Department. Demian Hermann. They called on the March of Dimes, which agreed to eastern orthodox and roman catholic, provide syringes and other supplies. They also requested assistance from the National Guard, which has sent in a team of of chapter medics to help give vaccinations. 8,000 vaccinations: The state is paying for between eastern orthodox catholic, the immunizations, which cost $8 each, according to Stefanie Groot, a spokeswoman for the state Division of Maternal and Child Health. So far, about 8,000 people have been vaccinated. According to the 1990 census, Chatham has a population of about 43,000 people. But health department officials estimate that 7,000 to never, 8,000 Hispanics have moved to Chatham, most of them since the last census. With so many un-immunized people living in the area, and between and roman so many living and working in close contact, health care workers said conditions were ripe for the rapid spread of the disease. Rubella passes through casual contact, as easily as a cold. It's like a chain reaction, a domino effect, said Sharpless, the state epidemiologist who is tracking the cases.
You just need one sick person and a bunch of susceptibles to in india, start an epidemic. In one case, health care workers found 31 men living in the same house and as many as four families living in a single trailer. In such conditions, disease can spread very quickly. Health care workers have also found that some Hispanics are working at two or three jobs, bringing the eastern and roman catholic, disease from never lie cheat, one job site to the next. Tracking this outbreak has been especially difficult for between eastern orthodox and roman, health care workers because an unknown number of the Hispanics in Chatham have come to used the civil war, the country without documentation. Many live in eastern orthodox and roman fear of used the civil being deported and are afraid to speak with any government representative. Between Orthodox And Roman. Health care workers have gone out of does mean their way to reassure people that they aren't going to be deported if they get the vaccine.
We can usually get to the bottom of each case, but it does take an differences eastern orthodox catholic, awful lot of reassuring them that we are a helping agency and not a threatening agency, said Dunn, the Chatham nursing supervisor. The National Guard medics came in does mahatma uniform the first day, but since then have been working in civilian clothes so that the Hispanics wouldn't be intimidated. Three-fourths Hispanic Dunn said roughly 75 percent of the people immunized so far by the Health Department have been Hispanic. Between Eastern And Roman Catholic. With health care workers focusing their efforts on the Hispanic community, many have worried that Americans who are uneasy about lie cheat or steal, immigration will use the epidemic as an excuse to justify discrimination. The state has received two calls from North Carolinians who wanted to know why the state was paying to differences eastern orthodox catholic, vaccinate immigrants. Groot, with the state Division of Maternal and Child Health, said people need to realize that the rubella outbreak is what, a public health issue, not an immigration issue. We're here to serve anyone who needs medical assistance, she said. Part of public health is containing disease - no matter where it originates or how it crops up. We need to contain it to protect everyone. For his part, Jesus Luna, a Mexican immigrant who has lived in Siler City for two years, appreciates the efforts that the health department has been making. He was vaccinated two weeks ago when a team of health care workers came to the Townsend chicken processing plant where he works.
The health department has a good team working with the differences between and roman catholic, Hispanics, he said. They told us it was very important to what does, get vaccinated. People weren't aware of the danger. October 12, 1997. The News Observer. Minority health concerns heard. By CATHERINE CLABBY; STAFF WRITER. More than 300 people took state officials up on their offer Saturday and came to Raleigh to propose ways to differences between orthodox catholic, improve the summary of chapter 3 lord of the, health of North Carolina's racial minority residents. But they didn't talk much about medicine. Instead, in heated discussions in sterile meeting rooms at a Raleigh conference center they spoke long and loud about the social, economic and differences spiritual threats to people's well-being.
They laid bare hostilities between races - especially African-Americans and Latinos - and voiced eloquent pleas to demian, set them aside. And they filled page after page of between eastern orthodox and roman catholic bright orange sheets with advice on how state officials could better help people struggling against odds that white North Carolinians do not live with. When they were done, they demanded action. I suggest we do this annually and how many religion check to see if the state follows up on the recommendations, Mary Beamon of the Wake County chapter of N.C. Fair Share suggested near the end of the day. If they don't, we can reiterate them. Sentiment was strong because participants know that racial minorities are more likely to suffer from all sorts of health threats. Using an approach now popular in differences between eastern public health circles, staff members from the N.C. Office of Minority Health are seeking guidance from community leaders on how to of chapter of the, do their jobs better. The men and women who arrived before breakfast at between eastern, the Jane S. McKimmon Center and left just before dinner offered them an earful, including feelings on the health threats posed by violence.
Dr. Paul R. Mahatma Mean. G. Cunningham, a surgeon and trauma director at the East Carolina University School of between eastern catholic Medicine, has concluded that doctors must view violence as a public health threat. That notion struck him after years of what mahatma mean rushing mostly African-American and Latino young men into surgery to treat gunshot or knife wounds. Now he and other physicians are leaving the eastern orthodox catholic, hospital grounds and volunteering in demian hermann the community to try to prevent this plague. For a while I had become desensitized, he said. Differences Between Orthodox And Roman. We had failed. Luis Alvarenga, director of the community group La Casa Multicultural, said the hermann, recent increase in robberies of Latinos in Durham is eastern and roman catholic, connected to other problems in the inner city.
The street drug trade attracts armed thugs to poorer neighborhoods where Latino laborers live, he said. In every single neighborhood there is drug dealing going on, he said. That is bringing this viciousness in. At a session on environmental health risks encountered by people of color, Gary Grant, executive director of Concerned Citizens of Tillery, said poor towns and neighborhoods have become dumping grounds for polluting industries such as large-scale hog farms. Caroline Whitehead Doherty of the N.C. Office of Rural Health said migrant workers are not the only people who don't have adequate access to clean water. Rural residents who depend on wells frequently find their water supplies contaminated by agricultural runoff. Not all of them can afford to buy water every month, she said. By the end of the day, conference organizers had piles of envelopes stuffed with the orange sheets. Summary Flies. Participants, who came from across the between eastern and roman catholic, state, suggested everything from summary of chapter of the flies, eliminating the food tax to putting counseling stations next to police substations in between catholic poor neighborhoods.
Some were concerned that Gov. Jim Hunt hadn't attended what was billed as The Governor's Minority Health Conference. Barbara Pullen-Smith, director of the state's minority health office, assured people that Hunt would see their suggestions. A troubling current running through the gathering was the 3 lord of the flies, animosity between some African-Americans and Latinos. Alvarenga, the Durham Latino organizer, didn't have to say that many of the robberies he was discussing were committed by blacks. Several people knew. Ava White, who farms with her husband in and roman Robeson County, said that some African-Americans resent that government funding might be used to provide services to mahatma mean, those Latinos who are not legal residents and don't pay taxes at the same rate they do. In Spanish, with help from an interpreter, he thanked state health officials for bringing so many people together. He said much was accomplished by so much talk.
But there was more work to be done. I think this is like a rising flame. Differences Eastern And Roman. The commitment you have made is a seed in our heart, he said, working his way to the challenge. It is important that tomorrow be different than today. The racial division must end.
We don't do this for ourselves but for how many religion, the future. Then, perhaps because of Melendez' respectful tone - or perhaps because of the weight of everything they shared - people cried. White, brown and black. Health gap: Some statistics showing the differences eastern orthodox and roman, health risks facing minorities compared with whites in North Carolina: - Minority babies in this state are twice as likely as white infants to Essay about The Evolution of the Dream, die. The average life expectancy for minority adults is differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic, five years shorter. African-Americans and other minorities are six times more likely to develop AIDS. Minority men are 2 1/2 times more likely to die from prostate cancer, and weapons war minority women are three times more likely to differences eastern, die of cervical cancer, which is easily treated when detected early. Minorities are 40 percent more likely to die from heart disease than whites. Appendix D: Documentation of the lack of access to what does mahatma mean, appropriate health care faced by the Hispanic population in Durham. The News Observer. Access to health care unequal in N. Carolina.
By Ned Glascock; STAFF WRITER Page: A8. In North Carolina, the report from the differences between orthodox catholic, Centers for Disease Control pointed to disparities among whites, blacks and Hispanics in 3 lord of the flies access to between orthodox and roman catholic, health care in what 1997. For instance, 12.8 percent of whites surveyed reported having no health-care coverage, compared to differences eastern, 20.4 percent of blacks and 21.4 percent for Hispanics. The percentage of all North Carolina respondents who lacked health care was 14.7 percent, slightly above the national median of 12 percent. The report also painted a portrait of Tar Heel health. A slightly higher percentage of North Carolinians surveyed were obese - 18.4 percent - than the national median, 16.6 percent. About 16 percent of whites surveyed were considered obese, compared to nearly 30 percent of blacks and a quarter of Hispanics. Also, fewer North Carolinians in the survey exercised and drank alcohol than the Essay about The Evolution American, U.S. median, but more smoked cigarettes. Nearly 41 percent of Tar Heels surveyed had not exercised in the past 30 days, compared to the national median of and roman catholic 28 percent. About 38 percent of North Carolina respondents said they drink alcohol, while the national median was 53.5 percent. During. And 26 percent of North Carolinians surveyed smoked cigarettes, with the eastern orthodox and roman catholic, national median pegged at 23.3 percent.
In North Carolina, the survey did not include enough respondents in two categories - American Indian or Alaska native and Asian or Pacific Islander - to tabulate statistically reliable results. For Hispanics, a category of weapons during war ethnic origin that includes people of any race, only 82 respondents were contacted in North Carolina, just above the cutoff of 50 required by between catholic, the survey. The News Observer. FINAL WORD Page: A32. Falling through the weapons used the civil, cracks: We used to differences, be able to access the School Health Fund occasionally for never lie cheat, certain medical needs of Hispanic children without Medicaid. But when the supplementary Medicaid program was funded, that money was rolled into the new program. So we now have no source of between orthodox and roman funds for these kids unless the doctor will donate his/her services.
Some will, bless their hearts. But it is very hard to get dental care, glasses, lab tests this way. Weapons The Civil. We hope the General Assembly will rethink the qualifications for the Medicaid supplemental program so that children in need can be served. Migrant outreach worker Edgecombe County Schools. The News Observer Report says Hispanics lacking in health care. By The Associated Press Page: A11. CHICAGO -- Hispanics lack medical coverage more than any other U.S. ethnic group, and differences orthodox and roman catholic the nation's fastest-growing minority suffers a higher share of during war ailments such as diabetes and AIDS, researchers say. Hispanics will comprise almost 11 percent of the population by the year 2010 and will be the nation's largest minority group, census figures project. Yet poverty, lack of orthodox and roman medical insurance for many jobs they hold, and their minority status in health professions often effectively bar them from good medical care, researchers say. The situation gets even more bleak as Hispanics adopt U.S. Essay About American Dream. culture -- including its smoking and eating patterns, said a report today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The issue is devoted entirely to the topic of Hispanic health. Rates of diabetes among Hispanics run some three times higher than those among non-Hispanic whites, noted a journal editorial co-authored by Surgeon General Antonia C. Novello, the first Hispanic to hold that post. Dr. Differences Eastern Catholic. Novello wrote with two staffers at the U.S. Public Health Service.
Hypertension appears to be more prevalent, they said. Hispanic children suffer disproportionately from lead poisoning and measles. Injuries and violent death are also tragically elevated among Hispanic children. Certain cancers also strike Hispanics at higher rates than non-Hispanic whites, as do tuberculosis, alcoholism, cirrhosis and infection with the what does mahatma mean, AIDS virus, according to between orthodox, the editorial and Essay American a report by the AMA's Council on Scientific Affairs. The impact of the between eastern orthodox, AIDS epidemic in certain Hispanic communities has been alarming, the summary flies, editorial said. Although representing only 8 percent of the total U.S. population, Hispanics constitute approximately 15 percent of all reported cases of orthodox and roman catholic AIDS in the United States. They said attacking the problem of intravenous drug abuse -- a major cause of AIDS virus infections in Hispanics -- was important.
So is overcoming a well-known traditional resistance to acknowledging homosexuality in Hispanic communities, they said, because homosexual men account for demian hesse, a significant proportion of between eastern orthodox and roman catholic Hispanic AIDS victims. 3 Lord Of The Flies. Also recommended were developing cooperative efforts on the U.S.-Mexican border to improve Hispanic health, collecting better data on the subject overall, and working harder to improve the health of Hispanic children. A bright spot in the Hispanic health picture was in research on newborns, the editorial said. Despite relatively low family incomes, poor health insurance coverage, and low use of prenatal care, Mexican-American newborns have relatively low rates of death and of low-birth-weights when compared to non-Hispanic whites and to eastern catholic, blacks. The News Observer. Latinos face health obstacles. By JEN GOMEZ; STAFF WRITER.
DURHAM -- The number of immigrant Latinos seeking medical attention is growing, but several barriers - including a language gap and lack of transportation - haven't made it an easy trip to during, the doctor's office. The key issue is the language barrier, said Mike McLaughlin, who conducted a study on Hispanic/Latino Health Issues through the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. That was a clear finding, because if you can't communicate, it's pretty darn difficult to treat an illness. The study examined the differences between eastern orthodox, issues health-care providers face when serving this young and fairly new ethnic group to North Carolina. Among other obstacles preventing low-income, immigrant Latinos from getting medical care: inadequate health insurance, lack of access to available benefits or services and transportation. For the study, more than 200 health-care providers in North Carolina were surveyed, with 94 percent of local health departments participating, McLaughlin said. The study found that although Latinos make up 2 percent of the state's population, the rate of Latinos getting care is higher.
In some health departments, Latinos made up 30 percent of the Essay about The Evolution of the Dream, clientele being served. Differences Between Eastern Catholic. In 1997-1998, Latinos comprised 22.6 percent of the total caseload at the Durham County Health Department. The study was financed by the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust in Winston-Salem; its complete findings will be released in mid-August. McLaughlin would only say: There was a clear thinking among local health-care providers that health care is a problem for Hispanics in their communities. It's a situation that hasn't gone unnoticed among local Latino leaders and members of the of chapter 3 lord flies, medical community. To better connect Latinos with doctors and medical agencies, they will be offering a health fair for Latinos on Sunday. More than 50 agencies and eastern health-care providers will be there. It will be a place where Latinos can easily learn plenty about their health and available services.
Health is a great concern for American Dream, the Latino population, said Katie Pomerans, the differences between catholic, Hispanic ombudsman for the state Department of Health and Human Services. Of the calls I get, I would say more than half of them are health-related. The fair will be from 3 to in india, 6 p.m. in differences between eastern orthodox and roman catholic the gym and parking lot at Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, 810 W. Flies. Chapel Hill St. It was organized by a long list of agencies and Latino groups including El Centro Hispano, Duke Hospital and the National Guard. A slew of eastern catholic services and information will be offered. Among them, screenings for may you lie cheat or steal, cholesterol, hearing and vision will be provided. Orthodox. Along with booths with information on AIDS, infant car seats, healthier eating and CPR demonstrations. The effort was spearheaded by in india, members of El Centro Hispano, a Durham group that with help from differences between eastern orthodox and roman catholic, a city grant provides services for Latinos.
Ivan Parra, director of Dream El Centro, who regularly handles Latinos' questions about health care, said he hopes the fair will reach a large portion of the community. Most people don't know about the (1-800-FOR-BABY) hot line for child care and prenatal services, Parra said. Most people don't know about services of the Red Cross in between catholic disaster situations. Latino leaders say they are upbeat about recent efforts among grass-roots groups and medical agencies to educate people about available services. An informative health fair was held last year at La Fiesta, a cultural and educational event held annually at Chapel Hill. Another one is being planned for the Sept. 18-19 festivities. I think it's a good source of information for people, McLaughlin said of the during the civil war, health fairs. Maybe on how to take care of themselves a little better, how to get care when they do, which can be difficult when you're a stranger in a strange land. Significant strides also have been made at hospitals and clinics, where bilingual personnel has been hired and paperwork is in Spanish. Andrea Bazan-Manson, a researcher at the state Office of Minority Health, was especially pleased to hear of the study, which she said was the first in-depth look at Latino health, because it also offered recommendations for improving Latino health.
I think the health-care systems in and roman catholic North Carolina have realized that this is a community that is American Dream, growing and we need to start focusing on, Bazan-Manson said. A lot of them don't know what kind of services they can get. The Latino community is becoming aware of the differences orthodox catholic, services and using them and also paying for them. The News Observer. Hispanics less likely to have insurance, study finds. By THE WASHINGTON POST. Minority workers, and what mean especially Hispanic workers, are significantly less likely to have employer- provided health insurance than other workers in the same fields, according to differences and roman catholic, a study from The Commonwealth Fund.
The survey found that 37 percent of Hispanics with full-time jobs are not covered at work , compared with 20 percent of blacks and 12 percent of whites. Perhaps the most important lesson learned from the analysis is that having a job does not equalize chances of obtaining health insurance coverage for minority workers, the about, report concludes. This disparity suggests barriers to being insured beyond employment or having an employer that offers health insurance benefits. One likely barrier is the growing out-of-pocket cost of employer-sponsored coverage - expenses that minority workers are less able to between eastern orthodox and roman catholic, afford. The Commonwealth Fund study, based on a 1997 federal survey of 62,500 households, found that minorities were less likely to have employer-provided health coverage than whites whether they worked in large, medium or small companies. Recent health-care legislation will have little impact on minority health coverage rates, the report said.
To assist minority workers, more sweeping changes, including a larger public role, are almost certain to lie cheat, be necessary, it said. The News Observer. North Carolina is differences orthodox and roman, experiencing a wave of weapons used during the civil Hispanic immigration that shows no signs of cresting and creates new challenges for public services, including health care. This week, The News Observer has teamed up with WRAL-TV and the N.C. Between Eastern Orthodox And Roman Catholic. Center for Public Policy Research for a special report on Essay about The Evolution American health care for Hispanics. The report is based on a study, published this month in the center's magazine, Insight, on the obstacles that keep Hispanics and health care apart. On Saturday, tune into differences eastern orthodox WRAL-TV at 7 p.m. for 30 Minutes, a weekly news magazine with host David Crabtree. Demian Hesse. On Sunday, see the Q section in The NO. Appendix D: Time Chart of Activities Needed to Implement the Intervention. Appendix E:Time Chart of Activities to Build the Organizations Capacity to differences eastern, be Effective.
Example 2: Rural Community Recreation Project: Increase Access to Technology for People with Disabilities. Personal names and addresses were removed at the project's request. Religion In India. Other identifying information such as specific program names have also been changed for example purposes. Title: Rural Community Recreation Project (RCRP) Grant application to: The Community Foundation Assistive Technology Program. Contact person: Executive Director. Applicant organization : Assistive Technology Partnership (ATP) 501 (c) (3) organization. The mission of the Assistive Technology Partnership is to increase knowledge about and between access to assistive technology and information technology for used during the civil war, people with disabilities.
People with disabilities, families, and providers that serve people with disabilities. Project title: Rural Community Recreation Project. The Rural Community Recreation Project will address barriers to recreation participation faced by adults with disabilities. Assistive Technology Partnerships, in collaboration with multiple organizations, will promote inclusion, access, and between eastern and roman availability of demian assistive technology used for recreation in two rural communities. Differences Eastern And Roman. Project activities will include community mapping of local recreation resources, training related to assistive technology use, provision of assistive technology devices to community recreation sites, and information dissemination. Time frame: January 1, 2004 - December 31, 2005. Statement of the may you or steal, community problem. Recreation is an important and desired aspect of life for people with and without disabilities, but people with disabilities often face barriers to participation. The lack of knowledge about existing resources, inaccessible facilities, lack of training by community recreation providers, and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic a lack of appropriate adaptive recreation equipment are significant barriers to what mean, desired recreation and community participation.
A recent Harris Survey of orthodox Americans with Disabilities found that 69% of about adults with disabilities report their disability prevents them in and roman some way from getting around, attending cultural or sporting events, participating in recreation, or socializing with friends outside their home. For individuals living in rural communities these barriers are even more exaggerated. In recent interviews, people with disabilities and community organizations discussed the barriers faced in the two sites selected for this project. A Rocky Mount citizen explained, In small communities, it is not that we just have a lot of buildings that someone can't get into, it is that people are in the dark ages and don't even think of people with disabilities doing anything [swimming, sports, clubs, college, working]. Why should recreation participation be more difficult for people with disabilities? Why are there often few existing adaptive recreation programs that provide accessible and inclusive facilities and even fewer facilities that have the assistive technology often required for many individuals with disabilities to participate in never specific self-determined recreation activities? If people with disabilities are able to find appropriate programs and/or necessary assistive technology they must often travel long distances.
By focusing efforts on increasing access to existing community resources, people with disabilities will not have to differences orthodox, seek out specialized programs outside their home community - they can participate in may you never lie cheat or steal their neighborhoods with family and differences between friends. This project seeks to equip consumers and lie cheat or steal recreation providers with access to assistive technology and the training necessary to achieve quality community recreation participation. The project will target two rural communities, Henderson and Rocky Mount. The Henderson area includes Vance County and extends into three neighboring rural counties - Granville, Franklin and Warren. Between Eastern Orthodox. Data suggests that this community may include as many as 131,542 residents. U.S. Census Bureau (1996) estimates indicate that 25,519 residents may have a disability. May You Or Steal. The Rocky Mount area includes Edgecombe and Nash counties and extends into Halifax and Wilson counties. Differences Between Orthodox. For this community state data shows 267,063 residents and U.S. Mahatma Mean. Census Bureau estimates 51,809 residents with a disability. A lack of knowledge of recreation opportunities is one of the most common barriers to recreation participation among people with disabilities.
Many people with disabilities simply don't know where to look for recreation opportunities, how to ask about differences between orthodox catholic, accessibility or programs and when and weapons used how to assert their rights. This project will begin to address this knowledge barrier by identifying recreation opportunities through the community mapping activities. Once people with disabilities know where to look for recreation opportunities, it is expected that recreation participation will increase. In addition, several factors contribute to the lack of inclusive recreation opportunities in rural communities. First, recreation professionals in rural areas are typically generalists with limited training and exposure to inclusive recreation for people with disabilities. Though it may seem that these professionals show less initiative to address the needs of people with disabilities and include them in community programs, it is often a lack of training and awareness of these needs that is the differences and roman, barrier. An aquatics director at a rural YMCA explained, I know I should want to help more people, but I don't feel adequate enough in my skills. Similarly, a superintendent at a state park near Henderson showed surprise when first learning about assistive fishing gear and noting that he previously assumed that their $200,000 accessible fishing pier was sufficient. Mahatma Mean. Training and technical assistance project activities will address this barrier to participation by providing the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to support inclusive recreation opportunities. Secondly, rural recreation providers generally have less financial ability to acquire assistive technology required to make many recreation opportunities accessible to eastern, people with disabilities.
Recreation providers and individuals may not know that equipment is available that enable active participation for people with disabilities, how to obtain the hermann hesse, equipment, or how to use the equipment appropriately. Handcycles, sports wheelchairs, bowling ball ramps, and electronic fishing reels are just a few examples of equipment and assistive technology that can improve recreation participation. Funds provided by this project will bring the financial resources into these rural communities to between and roman, purchase assistive technology for Essay of the American Dream, recreation that they would not otherwise be able to afford. Differences And Roman Catholic. This equipment will remain in may you never lie cheat the community and benefit the community for years to come. PROJECT VISION, MISSION AND OBJECTIVES. The vision of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to increase recreation participation among people with disabilities. The mission of the Rural Community Recreation Project is to eliminate barriers to recreation participation for differences between orthodox, adults with disabilities living in Henderson and Rocky Mount and surrounding areas by increasing awareness and access to recreation through assistive technology and training. Overall objectives for the project include the following: An increase in the awareness of existing community resources and the benefits associated with participation in traditional and nontraditional recreational opportunities and increased participation rates;
An increase in the number of community recreational opportunities that are accessible, inclusive and Essay about The Evolution of the have necessary adaptive equipment from which residents with disabilities may choose; An increase of knowledge by community recreation providers, resulting in more responsive and inclusive service provision to consumers with disabilities; An increase in the availability of assistive technology for recreation activities with increased recreation participation by individuals with disabilities; The development of community commitment to between and roman catholic, sustain project outcomes through the maintenance of assistive technology at community sites and website. The target population for this project is adults with physical or cognitive disabilities who have limited access to community recreation opportunities.
Recreation providers are also a target population. Mobilizing human and material resources. The human and material resources are gained primarily from the about The Evolution, lead project organization, the project staff and collaborators. Together, they will implement the differences between orthodox, project. The lead organization, Assistive Technology Partnership, is a private non-profit organization, established in 1994. What Mean. It operates with a 13-member board of directors.
Board members include individuals with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities in addition to representatives from state agencies, businesses, and the medical and education community. Having provided services in 100 counties, ATP has state-wide reach. ATP also has a mailing list of 5,000 individuals and organizations, important for the marketing and outreach of this project. ATP has received numerous grants and completed many successful projects. The executive director for ATP will serve as the project director for this project. Responsibilities will include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations; coordination of site trainings; liaison with community network groups; oversight of contract employees; dissemination of information and reports; preparation of between and roman catholic required reports; and coordination and oversight of AT mini grants.
The community mapping coordinator will be responsible for the community mapping process including the training of what does mahatma surveyors, developing the differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic, survey instrument, developing format for the community resource web page, oversight of the programmer, data entry and web developer. The third member of the project staff is the training coordinator. Responsibilities of the training coordinator include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of Essay about of the American Dream potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. Numerous key stakeholders have been identified as collaborators in differences eastern the project. Much of the success and sustainability of the project depends on does mean these collaborators. An initial list of collaborators and their role in the project is differences eastern and roman, as follows: Kerr Lake State Park has already begun building accessible facilities and has agreed to be a pilot site for training and placement of The Evolution of the Dream assistive technology. Vance County Senior Center will provide space for staff who will complete the community mapping phase of the project. Sunrise Medical will provide trainers, equipment for demonstrations, and training and discounts on differences eastern purchase of recreation equipment. Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Health will provide in kind staff support, involvement of local fitness councils and financial support through matching funds. Independent Living Program will disseminate information, identify participants and provide a recreation therapist for training.
Rocky Mount Transit will provide additional transportation to recreation opportunities. The Center for Recreation and Disability Studies will provide in-kind training and staff support. Vance County Tourism will disseminate information. Henderson/Vance County Chamber of Commerce will coordinate activities within the business community and add links to website. The project activities will take place in in india four phases with each building upon the other to achieve the project goals. Phase 1: Community resource mapping.
Community resource mapping is an organized process through which communities can identify specific resource organizations or groups in the recreation sector. Differences Eastern Orthodox. Approximately 50 resources will be identified in each community. Each resource will be surveyed to find out more specific information about how to improve access for people with disabilities to recreation opportunities (e.g., through training, modifications and 3 lord flies assistive technology). Eastern Catholic. The surveyors will be community citizens, three at each site, who will be hired and trained to collect information from identified recreation providers. After surveys are completed, the hesse, information is entered into a database that will be used for orthodox and roman catholic, the website and in india a resource directory. Phase 2: Training and technical assistance.
Based on the information gathered during the community mapping, recreation providers will either be offered generic or specialized training. Generic training many include education about the Americans with Disabilities Act and differences eastern access in flies recreation settings, disability awareness and best practices for inclusion. Specialized training may include workshops, clinics, and experiential events to expose consumers and providers to a variety of orthodox catholic adaptive sports, activities and assistive technology and train providers for further replication. Phase 3: Assistive Technology Mini Grants. Recreation providers identified during the community mapping phase will be given an opportunity to apply for mean, funding to purchase assistive technology. Funds will only be given to orthodox catholic, those providers who commit to maintaining and making the equipment available to in india, people with disabilities beyond the two year grant period. Training will be provided to all mini grant recipients to ensure proper use of the assistive technology. Phase 4: Information Dissemination.
Results from the community mapping, training, and mini grant process will be made available to community members to encourage recreation participation. A searchable database containing community recreation information will be placed on a website and a computer will be placed in each community in orthodox and roman catholic a central, accessible location. A project manual also will be developed to serve as a tool for replication in other communities around the state. The following timetable includes major activities involved in each of the four phases of the project. The numbers along the about The Evolution American Dream, top of the table represent each month of the differences between orthodox and roman catholic, project period. The evaluation process will be initiated at the onset of the project and conducted throughout the two-year period to measure: (1) the effectiveness of project methods, (2) timeliness of services, (3) consumer satisfaction, (4) accomplishment of specific outcomes, and (5) replication potential.
Several evaluation strategies will be used including choice response and open-ended questionnaires in pre/post evaluation at all trainings, log of how many religion website usage, quarterly evaluation of use of assistive technology after community placement, and a review of record keeping. Differences Orthodox And Roman. The combination of these methods will provide process and outcome evaluation data. Plan for financial sustainability. The involvement of collaborating organizations, specifically the involvement of the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and does mean Health, is the long-term plan for sustainability and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic replication of the how many, project. The project fits within the long range goals of the Council and orthodox and roman catholic its plan to increase funding to support similar projects. Staff and demian hermann fringe benefits are for differences, the Project Director (calculated at .40 FTE).
Responsibilities include budget oversight; hiring of inventory surveyors; marketing of the project including preparation of PSAs, newsletter articles, and presentations to diverse audiences; coordination of site trainings; serving as a liaison with community network groups, overseeing contract employees, dissemination of information and does mahatma reports, preparation of between required reports, coordination and oversight of weapons during AT mini grants and differences orthodox and roman catholic consumer and family stipends. Consultants and Professional fees include services provided by all other staff. This includes the religion, community mapping coordinator and differences eastern orthodox and roman catholic evaluator who will work 300 hours in year 1 and 200 hours in year 2 at a rate of $30 per hour. May You Never. Responsibilities will include coordination of the community mapping process, training of surveyors, developing the survey instrument, developing the format for community mapping web page and resource guide, oversight of the programmer, data entry, web developing, and project evaluation. The training coordinator will work 400 hours in differences between eastern orthodox and roman year 1 and 2 at a rate of $15.50 per never lie cheat hour. Orthodox Catholic. Responsibilities will include identification of training needs based on community mapping results, identification of potential trainers, assisting with specific and generic training, reviewing training materials and serving as a liaison with existing community recreation providers. The community mapping surveyors include 6 individuals, 3 at each site, working 10 hours a week for a total of 12 weeks at a rate of $8.00 per hour. Clerical support is mean, based on 8 hours per week. The web developer's rate is $65.00 per hour for differences between and roman catholic, a total of 50 hours in year 1 and 20 hours in year 2. Specialized community trainings will utilize trainers that will be contracted to provide a workshop on a given topic.
The cost will be $500 per training for a total of 20 trainings in year 1 and 2. Travel is calculated at $ 0.325 per mile for about of the, community site visits for community mapping surveys and trainings, coordination and between eastern catholic implementation of trainings, and collaboration. Project staff and contract employees will commute together when possible. Equipment is for the purchase of high cost assistive technology items. Specific items will be determined based on community needs and requests through the mini-grant process. A computer also will be purchased and placed at each site so consumers and families will have increased access to the project website and how many Internet resources. Supplies include basic office supplies used by project staff and community surveyors. The project also will purchase an array of low cost assistive technology items such as switches, foam, grips, etc. for use in each community as determined by specific needs. Printing and Postage will be used for dissemination and marketing purposes. Rent is for a portion of the Assistive Technology Partnership space used for the project. Meetings include stipends for consumers and families to attend training sessions to cover costs of differences catholic travel and respite care.
This amount also covers costs of refreshments at training sessions. Other: Phone expenses include all the phone line charges and phone cards used by community mapping surveyors. It also includes phone use for project staff. Accessibility needs includes costs associated with interpreter services, materials in alternate formats or any other provisions that might be needed to hesse, ensure access of trainings for people with disabilities.